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Science Journal

 

Academia Arena

 学术争鸣

Volume 4 - Number 5 (Cumulated No. 35), May 25, 2012, ISSN 1553-992X

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CONTENTS

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Titles / Authors

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在相对论原理中协调发展历代物理思想.

 

司马阳春.

 

【内容摘要】

★人类在航天领域中的竞争越演越烈。但是,现有航天理论和运动系统,是一种淡化时空的结构。这种结构在无穷大增加航天功率的同时,也在无穷大的增加时空尺度。其航天功率95%左右为其N=S=N结构中的“S” 所抹平。UFO的无穷大磁单极磁界场结构,能够在无穷大利用宇宙磁界场相吸力的同时,无穷大的浓缩时空尺度,创造比目前航天速度高出100倍以上的运动速度。

★在宇宙引力与负力磁界场中,物体的运动质量或运动负质量越大运动速度越高。当我们在极短的时间内,用极少的燃料让UFO获得无穷大的运动质量或运动负质量之后,熄灭发动机,让物体按照牛顿第一定律,进行自由航天运动。

★在相对论一般性等价不等价原理中,物体的初始质量与其运动质量及运动速度成反比。…

如果没有比光跑的更快的物体,那么,光子就是宇宙中质量最小的、拥有N=S双极磁界场结构的、不可分的基本微粒。而光量子则是构成能量体的最小单位。

★相对论一般性等价不等价原理认为,假如“有限”是一种界,是一种轴心体与界之间的轴心线,而“无限”则是一种物体的圆周运动曲线。二者在共同运动中,轴心线即制约着物体的运动半径,又制约着物体的运动周长。这样,物体就只能在“有界”(半径)中进行“无限”(圆周)运动;而不能在“有限” (圆周) 中进行“无界” ( 半径)运动。这就是宇宙有界无限运动定律。

★“0” 的周长可以从无穷小到无穷大;“0” 的半径可以从无穷小到无穷大;“0” 的空间可以从无穷小到无穷大;“0” 的时间可以从无穷短到无穷长。

任何无穷小或无穷大的周长,都制约着“0” 的存在;任何无穷小或无穷大的半径,都制约着“0” 的存在;,任何无穷小或无穷大的空间,都制约着“0” 的存在;任何无穷短或无穷长的时间,都制约着“0” 的存在。

反过来,任何无穷小或无穷大的“0” ,都制约着其周长的存在;任何无穷小或无穷大的“0” ,都制约着其半径的存在;任何无穷小或无穷大的“0” ,都制约其着空间的存在;任何无穷小或无穷大的“0” ,都制约着其时间的存在。

既然,N个不同的“0” 具有N个不同的周长、半径、空间与时间,“0” 中就必然具有N个不同的等价不等价值。

因而,自然中的一切都被“0” 所制约,或者说,自然中的一切均制约着“0” 。

如果,一个“0” 无周长、无半径、无空间、无时间,那么,它就不是一个“0” 。它就被允许不受已知数学中“0” 的相对性、有限性、不变性制约。它就不受数学不能处理无穷大的数的缺陷制约。它就具有了随机性。它就能逃出“科学定律在此失效” 的困境。…

这个结构向我们暗示,在无穷大NSSN绝对不等价结构中,宇宙中存在着比“地球光速”更快的运动系统。物理科学存在着比“已知规则”更大的发展空间。

当宇宙中的物体均是由N=S结构直线段构成时,一切曲线均是由N=S结构直线段构成的。曲线即不具有相对性,又具有一般性。“0” 的概念即是N个直线段的首尾相接体。或者说,每个“0” 都是由NN=S结构或1(1) 结构构成的。当曲线成为N个直线段构成体之后,0” 的不变性,就会在N个直线段的波动中消失。

或者说,当一切球体、球面、半球体、半球面上的N个点,及其质心、轴心线,在半径与周长关系等价中,均成为N=S结构“两点间”直线体,任何独立的“点”都不被允许存在,任何“点”、 “圆” 、“球” 都被允许由任意无曲面几何体构成时,N个“点”被NN=S结构“两点间” 的直线体所取代。欧氏几何体系必将受到影响。…

★宇宙是不变性结构和随机性结构的对立统一体。

★地球立体磁界场由实体磁界场与空间磁界场两部分构成。在地球立体磁界场中,其地壳两端的质心与磁界场空间外缘,分为其S极,地壳为N极,三者构成S=N=S等价之等价磁界场结构。

一旦物体的S=N=S等价之等价磁界场结构中的N极,发生磁单极逆转,就会出现S←→S←→S绝对不等价的同性相斥磁界场结构。核能运动、天体大爆炸、宇宙大爆炸均始于此。

★每个零惯性系都有一个生命天体循环系统,都会有智能生物。每个行星都有一个生命出现与消失的循环历程。

[司马阳春. 在相对论原理中协调发展历代物理思想. Academ Arena. 2012;4(5):1-89] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net. 1

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040512.01

 

【目录】…………………………………………………………

【前言】…………………………………………………………

【Ⅰ】相对论在基础理论中的领袖地位……………………

【Ⅱ】光速在平行与垂直两种运动中的巨大差异………….

⒈力对光子等价不等价质量结构的作用……………………

⒉等价原理中光的轨道运动………………………………….

⒊真空光速=地球光速;地球光速≠宇宙光速……………

⒋光不是来自太阳…………………………………………….

⒌“光速(C) 不变” 宇宙中1N相对性…………………

⒍垂直光速≠平行光速…………………………………………

【Ⅲ】数学观念的根本性转变是物理统一的前提……………

00中的零等价值结构………………………………………

⒉“0” 中的无穷大N=S直线段结构…………………………

⒊数学体系与物理观念的剧烈冲突………………………….

⒋一切曲线均是N=S直线段结构的构成体…………………….

⒌半径与周长关系等价的磁界场运动结构……………………

1360定律与1180定律…………………………………

⒎宇宙中存在着比“地球光速” 更快的运动系统……………

【Ⅳ】航天功率95%左右为其N=S=N结构中的“S” 所抹平

⒈“黑洞” 和等价原理呑噬了太阳…………………………

E=mC^2不适宜航天结构………………………………………

⒊量子物理随机性的宇宙空间…………………………………

⒋航天理论及运动结构存在错误………………………………

EA-18咆哮者对“自然规律” 的颠覆………………………

⒍“纳米宇宙” 对时空的浓缩…………………………………

【Ⅴ】火箭发动机无穷大功率与波功反比关系式…………….

⒈磁单极大逆转导致核子裂变………………………………..

⒉波功反比关系式与完全核能存在性…………………………

【Ⅵ】NSSN磁单极结构中的自由航天………………

⒈量子“波包” 的物性结构……………………………………

⒉物理流派的历史地位………………………………………

⒊丁肇中博士对自然的误解…………………………………

⒋完全核能的物理条件………………………………………

【Ⅶ】UFO磁单极结构对时空的“浓缩”与“淡化”………

⒈航天航空导弹运动提速关系式……………………………

UFO浓缩时空的绝对磁单极结构……………………………

⒊宇宙中的时间“空白” ……………………………………

⒋揭开“非惯性力” 的面纱…………………………………

⒌宇宙中的“重” “轻”………………………………….

⒍地球的复合磁界场………………………………………….

【Ⅷ】太阳月亮星斗不是天体…………………………………

⒈自然定律不变性与随机性的统一…………………………

N=ST 型磁界场结构威胁天体命运……………………

⒊对“太阳” 存在性的质疑……………………………………

⒋“随机性” 物理思想的科学贡献……………………………

【Ⅸ】高能粒子轨道发射基地…………………………………

⒈“光” 来自天体引力磁界场空间…………………………..

⒉开发地球磁界场高能粒子资源……………………………

⒊逆向研究地球“准入”或“准出”规则……………………

⒋高能粒子打击是太空战的焦点……………………………

【Ⅹ】宇宙N=ST 型结构与人类灾难……………………

⒈在波功反比定律中应对大规模自然灾害…………………

⒉每颗大质量行星都有成为类地星球的机会………………

⒊关于“平行宇宙”和“虫洞”…………………………………

【Ⅺ】相对论一般性等价不等价原理…………………………

【Ⅻ】结论………………………………………………………

【小辞典】………………………………………………………

【后序】……………………………………………………….

【关键词】有界无限 零等价值 零质量运动 一般性等价不等价原理 一般性数学 复合磁界场 纳米宇宙 NS NSN

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The prevalence and associated risk factors of intestinal parasitic infections among school children living in rural and urban communities in Damietta Governorate, Egypt

 

* Khaled Abd El-Aziz Mohammad1, Alaa Abd El-Aziz Mohammad2, Mohammad Fathallah Abu El-Nour2, Mohammad Youssef Saad1 and Ashraf Gaber Timsah1

 

1Department of Parasitology, Faculty of medicine (Damietta), Al-Azhar University, New Damietta City, Egypt.

2Department of Zoology, Faculty of science (Cairo), Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Egypt.

*khaledsamn@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Parasitic infection is still a serious public health problem in the world, especially in developing countries, and represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood and among high-risk groups in most parts of the world. These parasitic infections are the result of multiple factors, such as, socioeconomic, cultural, historical, and political conditions. The purpose of this study to determine the prevalence and associated local risk factors of different types of parasitic infections among rural and urban school students who represent high-risk groups in Damietta Governorate, Egypt. Across-sectional study involving A total of 560 schoolchildren were invited to participate and 530 (94.6%) provided proper stool samples and complete information. Among these, 275 (51.9%) were males and 255 (48.1%) females. The age of the children was 4-19 years, 330 (62.3%) living in the rural area and 200 (37.7%) living in the urban area. All the students were interviewed examined clinically and laboratory techniques were conducted between October 2011 and January 2012. Stool specimens were examined using direct wet mount and the formal ether concentration technique. The cellophane tape adhered to a glass slide was used to children to investigate the infection status of Enterobius vermicularis. Data were analyzed done using the SPSS statistical software. Seven species of intestinal helminthes were identified with an overall prevalence of 30.7% (163 of 530 children). The predominant parasites involved were Entamoeba coli, Entaemoeba histolytica, Enterobius vermicularis, Giardia lamblia, Hymenolepiasis nana, Ascaris lumbricoides and Schistosoma mansoni with the percentages, 8.8%, 5.6%, 5.2%, 4.3%, 3.2%, 2.6% and 0.9% respectively, with varying percentages between male and female pupils and a highly statistical association between pupils sex and type of parasites (p<0.001). The infection rate was higher among boys 64%, (93/275) than in girls 54.9%, 70/255). The prevalences of Enterobius vermicularis, Giardia lamblia, Hymenolepiasis nana and Ascaris lumbricoides in the urban centre were similar (P > 0.05) to those in the rural communities. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides and Entaemoeba histolytica increased significantly with age (P < 0.001). The commonest double infections were Entaemoeba histolytica and Enterobius vermicularis while the commonest triple infections were Entamoeba coli, Entaemoeba histolytica and Hymenolepiasis. Anemia and hepatomegally was present among 50%, 3.2% of infected students respectively. Poor personal hygiene, low socioeconomic level, male children, previous parasitic infections and no early consultation for therapy were important risk factors which indicate the importance of these factors in rural communities. The prevalence of these parasites in this community is lower than those reported by other studies which are probably associated with the low density of the studied population. The study demonstrates the need for intervention programmes against intestinal helminthiases in the study area.

[Khaled Abd El-Aziz Mohammad, Alaa Abd El-Aziz Mohammad, Mohammad Fathallah Abu El-Nour, Mohammad Youssef Saad and Ashraf Gaber Timsah. The Prevalence and associated risk factors of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among school children living in Rural and Urban communities in Damietta Governorate, Egypt. Academ Arena 2012;4(5):90-97] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 2

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040512.02

 

Key words: Intestinal parasitic infections; Epidemiology; Prevalence; Rural and urban community’s school children; Damietta governorate

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doi:

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040512.01

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040512.02

 

 

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