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Science Journal

 

Academia Arena

 学术争鸣

 

Volume 5 - Number 4 (Cumulated No. 46), April 25, 2013, ISSN 1553-992X

Cover Page (online), Cover (print), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, All papers in one file

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CONTENTS

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Titles / Authors

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1

Effect of bait formulation of plant derived molluscicides on different enzymes of the vector snail Indoplanorbis exustus

 

Farindra Tiwari

 

Post Graduate Department of Zoology

M. G. P. G. College, Gorakhpur, 273 001, UP (INDIA)

E mail: drfarindra_mgpg@rediffmail.com

 

Abstract: The effect of sub-lethal treatments (40% and 80% of 24h LC50 in AFP) of bait formulation of different plant derived molluscicides on different enzyme activities in the nervous tissue of snail Indoplanorbis exustus was studied. Snails fed with sub-lethal concentration of different molluscicides inside attractant food pellets (AFP) caused a significant inhibition in acetylcholinesterase (AChE), acid/alkaline phosphatase (ACP/ALP), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and Na+K+ ATPase activities in the nervous tissue of I. exustus. Bait formulation technique can be used for the mechanical control of the vector snails. Use of molluscicides in the attractant food pellet (AFP) is one of the effective methods of snail control. Attractant food pellets containing amino acid proline and agar plus different concentrations of the molluscicides Azadirachta indica bark powder, Annona squamosa seed powder and their bio-active components azadirachtin and acetogenin were tested for molluscicidal activity upto 144h against the snail, I. exustus. Active components of both the plant derived molluscicides were highly toxic to I. exustus compared with their crude forms.

[Farindra Tiwari. Effect of bait formulation of plant derived molluscicides on different enzymes of the vector snail Indoplanorbis exustus. Academia Arena 2013;5(4):1-7] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 1. doi:10.7537/marsaaj050413.01

 

Keywords: Attractant food pellets, Bait formulation, Fasciola, I. exustus, Molluscicides, proline.

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3 什么是黑洞的霍金辐射?如何用经典理论解释黑洞发射霍金辐射?

 

张洞生 (Zhang Dong Sheng)

 

Email: zhangds12@hotmail.com; zds@outlook.com

 

【内容摘要】:黑洞的霍金量子辐射简称霍金辐射。 霍金对黑洞理论划时代的伟大贡献是提出了在黑洞界半径Rb上有温度Tb,能发射量子辐射 mss这是建立在热力学和量子力学的坚实的基础上的,是符合实际的理论。 由广义相对论得出的黑洞是一个怪物。一旦形成,它就只能吞噬外界能量-物质而膨胀长大,在宇宙中永不消亡。霍金的黑洞理论证明,黑洞会因发射霍金量子辐射而缩小消亡,使黑洞与宇宙中的任何物体和事物一样,具有生长衰亡的普遍规律。所以是霍金的黑洞的理论挽救了不切实际的相对论黑洞理论。但是霍金没有得出霍金辐射mss的公式,对其发射机理的解释却不能让人信服和恭维。霍金解释说,由于真空是大量的‘虚粒子对不断快速产生和湮灭的真空海洋,就使得虚粒子对中的负粒子被黑洞捕获而正粒子留在外部世界显形,这就成为黑洞中正粒子逃出黑洞的原因。这种解释是在用无法证实的新物理概念来圆场。作者在本文中将用经典理论找出霍金辐射mss的正确公式(1d),并且论证:黑洞的霍金辐射就是直接从其视界半径上Rb逃到外界的,是从高温高能量场向低温低能量场的自然流动,是符合热力学定律的。

[Zhang Dong Sheng. 什么是黑洞的霍金辐射?如何用经典理论解释黑洞发射霍金辐射?Academia Arena 2013;5(4):8-13] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 2. doi:10.7537/marsaaj050413.02

 

【关键词】:黑洞;黑洞在其视界半径Rb上的温度Tb;黑洞的霍金辐射;狄拉克海的真空虚粒子对;黑洞在视界半径上的能量转换;用经典理论解释霍金辐射;

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欧核中心既发现上帝粒子又发现超对称 --- 非线性希格斯粒子数学讨论(12

 

王用道

 

Recommended by 王德奎 y-tx@163.com

 

摘要:粒子物理迎来革命时刻,但21世纪的今天,欧核中心发现了希格斯粒子和超对称,却不敢承认它,或许在相当长一段时间内也不敢承认它,为什么?

[王用道. 欧核中心既发现上帝粒子又发现超对称 --- 非线性希格斯粒子数学讨论(12. Academia Arena 2013;5(4):14-27] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 3. doi:10.7537/marsaaj050413.03

 

关键词:电子 量子数 希格斯场 大量子弦论.

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 Dynamic Web Caching Services of Different Java Application in e-Governance: Case Study

 

* Rajeev Kumar, ** Dr. M.K. Sharma

 

* Research Scholar, Department of Computer Science,  Bhagwant University, Ajmer (Rajasthan)

Email ID: rajeev2009mca@gmail.com

 

** Department of Computer Science,  Amrapali Institute, Haldwani. (Uttarakhand) – India

Email ID: sharmamkhld@gmail.com

 

Abstract: In this paper we will discuss that today’s the most popular web sites are suffering from the server congestion, and they are getting thousands of requests every second from the client. The heterogeneity and complexity of services and applications provided by web server systems is continuously increasing. Traditional web publishing sites with most static contents have being integrated with recent web commerce and transactional sites combining as dynamic and secure by services. The most understandable way to cope with growing service demand and application complexity is adding hardware resources because replacing an existing machine with a faster model provides only temporary relief from server overload. The need to optimize the performance of Web services is producing a variety of novel architectures.

[Rajeev Kumar, M.K. Sharma. Dynamic Web Caching Services of Different Java Application in e-Governance: Case Study. Academia Arena 2013;5(4):28-29] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 4. doi:10.7537/marsaaj050413.04

 

Keywords: web services, cloud communication, ICT, Java, Oracle, web caching, Dynamic Clusters.

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从大型强子对撞机说中国梦 --- 非线性希格斯粒子数学讨论(13

 

习强

 

Recommended by 王德奎 y-tx@163.com

 

摘要:粒子物理迎来革命时刻,对探测器中捕获的撞击、散射、交换、吸引、排斥、衰变、嬗变和湮灭的基本粒子或粒子碎片雨,测定是何种粒子,能否像基因测序进行快速、低成本、高通量、全基因组那样测定作解读?这是未来科学的中国梦。而从“同位量”和“同位长”量子纠缠态格点谱图像,测量分析是何种基本粒子,其实对于研究科学的人来说,也类似“格点谱”。我们把这其中的“同位量”和“同位长”另类,称为“格啥族”,是有对比的意义的。这样既不影响大部队的前进,又能保留少数人的声音,因为说啥,他们也不听,不如让两者相比较而存在的好。

[习强. 从大型强子对撞机说中国梦 --- 非线性希格斯粒子数学讨论(13. Academia Arena 2013;5(4):30-45] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 5. doi:10.7537/marsaaj050413.05

 

关键词:量子数 测粒子 格点谱 同位量 同位长.

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Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) as new method for Research

 

Morteza Azizi and Ali Rahdar

 

Damavand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damavand, Iran

E-mail: mortezaazizi49@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Promising potentials include farmers’ own farming systems research, alternatives to questionnaire surveys, monitoring, evaluation and lateral spread by local people, empowerment of the poorer and weaker, and policy review. Changes in personal behavior and attitudes, and in organizational cultures, are implied. PRA parallels and resonates with paradigm shifts in the social and natural sciences, business management, and development thinking, supporting decentralization, local diversity, and personal responsibility. Much of the spread of participatory rural appraisal (PRA) as an emerging family of approaches and methods has been lateral, South-South, through experiential learning and changes in behavior, with different local applications. Rapid spread has made quality assurance a concern, with dangers from “instant fashion”, rushing, formalism and ruts. Promising potentials include farmers’ own farming systems research, alternatives to questionnaire surveys, monitoring, evaluation and lateral spread by local people, empowerment of the poorer and weaker, and policy review.

[Morteza Azizi and Ali Rahdar. Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) as new method for Research. Academia Arena 2013;5(4):46-52] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia.  6. doi:10.7537/marsaaj050413.06

 

Keywords: Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA).

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The articles in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review starting from March 25, 2013. 
All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net

For back issues of the Academia Arena, click here.

Emails: editor@sciencepub.net; sciencepub@gmail.com
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