Volume 6 - Number 4
(Cumulated No. 58), April 25, 2014
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Titles / Authors
The position of interactivity in electronic education and
Motahareh Hosseini, Mostafa Zamanian
Ph.D. candidate, Department of Foreign Languages, Qeshm Branch,
Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran
Ph.D. Department of Foreign Languages, Shiraz Branch, Islamic
Azad University, Shiraz, Iran
The rapid and increasing growth of information and communication
technology (ITC) leads to changes in the various fields of human
life, including the education system. Cyberspace gives many
capabilities in education field to its users with enormous
resources and facilities in science and knowledge field and
features like timelessness, spacelessness and interactivity,
etc. Expressions like class without wall, smart schools and
virtual University, etc. refer to new type of e-training, which
in contrast with traditional education, is being fit in
educational systems of various countries. In traditional
education because of the physical presence in time and place,
student, professor and the content and school resources, the
participation and interactivity is face to face and the main
features of the education are the interactivities which
knowledge and information are exchanged through them. With the
introduction of e-educating, as a manifestation of the
penetration of ICT to education field and teaching-learning
process, the concept of interactivity in teaching and learning
process has also undergone extensive transformation. Successful
learning is achieved when the learners can interact well with
the content, means of communication and ... until the enough
motivation is created in the learner. In fact, in e-learning
environment a condition should be created that the leaner see
himself in front of the problem and seek and think to solve it.
Some believe that if a technique or tool is in coordination with
the technology and interactive, then it will be in the bests.
The main question in this article is to investigate the
interoperability of distance educating and answer to this
question regarding that in virtual educating environment the
interactivities are not face to face, whether this has an impact
on the learning of learners or not?
Hosseini, Mostafa Zamanian.
The position of
interactivity in electronic education and learning system.
Academ Arena 2014;6(4):1-5]. (ISSN 1553-992X).
e-learning, interactivity, communications
Academ Arena 2014;6(4):6-14]. (ISSN 1553-992X).
This scientific research article focus that in the early
universe the whole cosmo universe shall be considered as created
systematically by “GOD” rather than evolved from cloud of
“Star dust” as supported by “Big-Bang”
theory. The Cosmo Universe shall also be called as “e-UNIVERSE”.
“e” shall mean Heart” of GOD which is the source of
“Creative force” called “J-RADIATION” or “WHITE FLAME”.
In prehistoric Tamil “e” shall be called as “EZHEM”
denoted acronymically in later English Language with single
alphabet as “E”. It is emphasized that in Prehistoric
Tamil the “e-Universe” shall be called as AKKILEM,
K-NADU. K-NADU shall mean KANAAN NADU. Further
K-NADU shall be considered as having infinity level of
inbuilt Dark energy, Dark matter called as “KARUNAI”
required for “Initial Budget” of GOD for meeting out
Creation and Maintenance expenditure. In the early universe
the first single land mass created on the Universe
shall be called as “E-LANKA”, E-CONTINENT which was
considered formed even before the “SUN” emits its first
visible rays. In Prehistoric Tamil the E-LANKA shall be
called as J-land, Godly land and Mother of all Nations.
E-LANKA shall mean genetically well defined land origin.
[V. R. Hema Latha,
l. M. Arulmani.
“E-LANKA” THE TAMIL CONTINENT?...(A
new theory on “e-universe”).
Philosophy of word “E”.
Philosophy of word “EZHEM”.
Philosophy of word “AKKI-E”.
Philosophy of word “E-CONTINENT”.
Philosophy of word “E-LORD”.
Philosophy of word “E-EGG”.
Philosophy of word “E-SON”.
Philosophy of word “J-NADU”.
Philosophy of word “E-INDO”.
Philosophy of word “THAM-E”.(E-THAMIL)
Philosophy of word “E-EYE”.
Philosophy of word “E-VISION”.
Philosophy of word “P-LANKA”.
Philosophy of Human “HEART”.
Philosophy of Human “SPECIES”.
Critical Analysis Of The
Freedom Of Religion In The Context Of Social Change In India
Asstt. Professor (Guest Faculty),
Faculty of Law, University of Delhi, Delhi (India)
Mob. No. 09811365596
Address: F-379, Main Jagatpur
District- North Delhi, State-
The Scope of this
paper is to analyze the aspect of State Intervention and the
associated freedom given to all people. Religion is an important
aspect of the lives of the people of India. It is a part of the
identity of the people and it is important to analyze this in
the context of changes that the State has brought about in the
religion and the extent to which the State can make laws to
govern this. There have been various attempts by the legislature
to understand and make laws to govern the different aspects of
religion. The objective of this paper is to analyze the scope
and the extent of these laws. If these laws do bring about the
necessary changes in the society is important. This is so
because the religions in the country are very numerous and many
of them are suffering from the clutches of superstition and this
should be removed because it is a negative influence on the
society and very harmful to development and this needs to be
addressed as early as possible. This paper also has a further
venture into the concept of secularism and secularism in Indian
context. There are many jurists who truly believe Indian is not
a secular country and this paper seeks to examine the validity
of such statement in the light of freedom religion granted by
our Constitution. The first and foremost question in this paper
is if the individual in the country has any freedom of religion?
Is this freedom unlimited or is it limited? Whether the State
has any right to intervene in the matters of religion in the
Country? If yes if the power is unlimited in its scope? If no
then what is the curtailment of the power of the State? Whether
secularism has been truly achieved in the State? This is the
consequential question which this paper seeks to answer after
the analysis of the freedom of religion. Secularism is an
important aspect and has to be the final goal of the policies of
the State. Whether that has been truly and completely achieved
is the final question?
Critical Analysis Of The Freedom
Of Religion In The Context Of Social Change In India.
Religion, Society, State intervention, Secularism, Minority
Students’ Engagement and Interaction in Higher Education: Middle
Eastern Students’ Motivation and Technology
College of Education, Al Ain University of Science &Technology,
PO Box 64141 Al Ain, UAE
The purpose of the study was to research the problem of student
engagement and interaction in classrooms in Middle East
Students are not motivated to interact in their classrooms,
depending only on the lectures delivered by instructors in
higher education. Students are not exposed to enough practice of
speaking on their own and hence the motivation to interact among
them in the classroom is almost absent.
The variables in addressing the problem were the four aspects
presented by Keller (2008) in his motivational theory (Attention,
Relevance, Satisfaction, Confidence).The
focus of the study was to find ways to motivate students to
interact with each other and with the learning activities in
classrooms thinking of technology as a means to do so. Through
this study, the researcher wanted to explore students’
perceptions about technology and the relationship of its use to
their motivation to interact in their classrooms. The findings
supported Keller‟s motivational theory and its components
regarding using technology to motivate students to interact with
their instructors, with the learning activities, and with each
other. There was a significant correlation between using
technology in classrooms and gaining students‟ attention. There
was a significant correlation between using technology and the
relevance of the material presented in classrooms and students‟
real life. There was a significant correlation between using
technology and students‟ confidence in participating in
classrooms using technology. There was a significant correlation
between using technology and students‟ satisfaction with the
material presented in classrooms. ARCS was significantly
correlated with students‟ learning experiences, students‟
learning strategies, and computer use in course.
[Jaradat M. Students’
Engagement and Interaction in Higher Education: Middle Eastern
Students’ Motivation and Technology. Academ Arena 2014;6(4):49-66]. (ISSN 1553-992X).
student engagement, interaction, motivation, ARCS model, technology
The Changing Dynamics of Talent
Acquisition - An Analysis of Recruitment Trends, Marketing
Strategies and Emerging Software and Services
Kar Furqan Ajaz
MBA Student, Amity University, Noida, U.P. India
The recent widespread changes throughout the industry have led
to significant changes in how organizations recruit talent,
changes such as: A shrinking talent pool, economic setbacks,
competition from web based marketing and opportunities in online
recruitment, Social media recruitment etc. These changes have
led to HR managers changing their strategies and policies
significantly, even to the extent of taking a page from Sales
and Marketing tactics. HR Managers, today, face a variety of
such issues which they have to face while going about the
building of an effective talent acquisition framework. This
paper will briefly touch on the following points, assessing the
challenges which modern HR structures in organizations face,
stating the below points: No matter what the HR needs of an
organization, filling up vacancies, expansion of their existing
businesses, most organizations in 2014 will find themselves in
need of high performing talent. Their success or failure will
depend on how well they can combine their HR philosophies,
embracing new technologies and their leveraging of core
competencies to meld with operational efficiency, especially in
the areas of cost management and streamlining the recruitment
process. Even though in times of current instability and
unemployment, the balance of power has shifted towards
recruiters, talented individuals will still remain in high
demand and will generally have their choice of employer and the
focus will be on the HR departments to promote themselves to the
candidates with the right skills and experience. Managers will
be required to branch out to cross departmental allies in order
to leverage their knowledge and skill in terms of branding and
marketing themselves. (1) The gradual change of recruitment
towards a more web-based format is irreversible and most
organizations will lag in the race for high quality candidates
in case of failure to embrace the same technique. (2) The
success of HR departments will depend greatly on how well they
can leverage internal core competencies. Restrictions on IT
spending will ease up and organizations will have to weigh their
business scenarios for investing on automating their recruitment
processes. Organizations will have to either go for an extension
of existing HR management systems, purchasing third party
software, outsourcing etc. (3) Even in the case of automation,
the best possible scenario will be when the above issues are
addressed in the context of a broader framework taking into
account the human capital needs of the organization,
particularly in relation to succession planning, employee
development and performance management.
[Kar Furqan Ajaz. The Changing Dynamics of Talent Acquisition,
An Analysis of Recruitment Trends, Marketing Strategies and
Emerging Software and Services. Academ
Arena 2014;6(4):67-73]. (ISSN 1553-992X).
Keywords: Recruitment, HR,
Automation, HR Software, Recruitment strategies, Social Media,
Talent Acquisition, HR trends, HR services, Recruitment
software, Recruitment services
Whether India Needs A Super Regulatory Body
Name: Jamshed Ansari
Designation: Asstt. Professor (Guest Faculty), University of
Delhi, Delhi (India)
Mob. No. 09811365596
Address: F-379, Main Jagatpur Road, Wazirabad, District- North
Delhi, State- Delhi- 110084, Country- India
In India there are multiple financial market regulatory bodies
and recently there was conflict between the Securities and
Exchange Board of India and the Insurance Regulatory and
Development Authority. This issue regarding jurisdiction between
IRDA and SEBI puts a question before us to think whether India
requires a mega-regulatory body? In India High Level
Coordination Committee on Financial Markets is working but
recently we have seen that it has not been satisfactory to
resolve the dispute between SEBI and IRDA. Therefore, the author
suggests to constitute a separate body so as to prevent the
jurisdictional conflict between regulatory bodies. The objective
of the paper is to identify whether India needs a
mega-regulatory body or the multiple regulatory system is one of
the best solutions. The writer has adopted qualitative
methodology to find out the truth. The author is opined that the
multiple regulatory systems exist in India which have created
certain jurisdictional problems. For better presentation of the
subject the author has to answer the following questions i.e.
how jurisdictional problems arising among regulatory bodies may
be resolved? and whether Mega-regulatory system in India may be
considered as a good solution to avoid jurisdictional issues?
[Ansari, Jamshed. Whether
India Needs a Super Regulatory Body. Academ Arena
2014;6(4):74-79]. (ISSN 1553-992X).
SEBI, IRDA, RBI, TRAI, CCI, Jurisdiction, Financial Market,
17 Pontiac Road, West
Hartford, CT 06117-2129, U.S.A.
= Ln = 2.27´1039
= Ln = 2.27´1039是一个常数，适用于一个氢原子，它不应该是一个孤例，而应当有普遍性。作者在<黑的宇宙学>中，在霍金黑洞理论的基础上，新推导出来了一系列新公式，而完善了黑洞理论。本文将利用几个新公式，一方面验证狄拉克大数，即Fe/Fg
= Ln = 2.27´1039的正确性，另一方面也验证了作者黑洞新理论和新公式的正确性。从而证实狄拉克大数Fe/Fg
= Ln = 2.27´1039的普遍意义。问题在于什么样的黑洞可以作为正确求出Fe/Fg的模型。
2014;6(4):80-82]. (ISSN 1553-992X).
= Ln = 2.27´1039；用黑洞新公式准确地证实狄拉克大数；纯质子组成的理想黑洞Mbo；狄拉克大数的普遍意义
2014;6(4):83-100]. (ISSN 1553-992X).
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