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Science Journal


Academia Arena


 ISSN 1553-992X, Monthly

Volume 6 - Number 4 (Cumulated No. 58), April 25, 2014

Cover Page, Cover (Print), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, All papers in one file


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Titles / Authors




The position of interactivity in electronic education and learning system


Motahareh Hosseini, Mostafa Zamanian


Ph.D. candidate, Department of Foreign Languages, Qeshm  Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran

Email: m.hoseini580@gmail.com

Ph.D. Department of Foreign Languages, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

Email: mostafazamanian@yahoo.com


Abstract: The rapid and increasing growth of information and communication technology (ITC) leads to changes in the various fields of human life, including the education system. Cyberspace gives many capabilities in education field to its users with enormous resources and facilities in science and knowledge field and features like timelessness, spacelessness and interactivity, etc. Expressions like class without wall, smart schools and virtual University, etc. refer to new type of e-training, which in contrast with traditional education, is being fit in educational systems of various countries. In traditional education because of the physical presence in time and place, student, professor and the content and school resources, the participation and interactivity is face to face and the main features of the education are the interactivities which knowledge and information are exchanged through them. With the introduction of e-educating, as a manifestation of the penetration of ICT to education field and teaching-learning process, the concept of interactivity in teaching and learning process has also undergone extensive transformation. Successful learning is achieved when the learners can interact well with the content, means of communication and ... until the enough motivation is created in the learner. In fact, in e-learning environment a condition should be created that the leaner see himself in front of the problem and seek and think to solve it. Some believe that if a technique or tool is in coordination with the technology and interactive, then it will be in the bests. The main question in this article is to investigate the interoperability of distance educating and answer to this question regarding that in virtual educating environment the interactivities are not face to face, whether this has an impact on the learning of learners or not?

[Motahareh Hosseini, Mostafa Zamanian. The position of interactivity in electronic education and learning system. Academ Arena 2014;6(4):1-5]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 1. doi:10.7537/marsaaj060414.01


Key words: e-learning, interactivity, communications

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手机:13337393557;   Emailguozi6@hotmail.com




[陈果仁. 场学简介. Academ Arena 2014;6(4):6-14]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 2. doi:10.7537/marsaaj060414.02



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(A new theory on “e-universe”)


Abstract: This scientific research article focus that in the early universe the whole cosmo universe shall be considered as created systematically by “GOD” rather than evolved from cloud of “Star dust” as supported by “Big-Bang” theory. The Cosmo Universe shall also be called as “e-UNIVERSE”.  “e” shall mean Heart”  of GOD which is the source of “Creative force” called “J-RADIATION” or “WHITE FLAME”.  In prehistoric Tamil “e” shall be called as “EZHEM” denoted acronymically in later English Language with single alphabet as “E”. It is emphasized that in Prehistoric Tamil the “e-Universe” shall be called as AKKILEM, K-NADU.  K-NADU shall mean KANAAN NADU.   Further K-NADU  shall be considered as having infinity level of inbuilt Dark energy, Dark matter called as “KARUNAI” required for “Initial Budget”  of GOD for meeting out Creation and Maintenance expenditure. In the early universe the first single land mass created on the Universe shall be called as “E-LANKA”, E-CONTINENT which was considered formed even before the “SUN” emits its first visible rays.  In Prehistoric Tamil the E-LANKA shall be called as J-land, Godly land and Mother of all Nations. E-LANKA shall mean genetically well defined land origin.

[V. R. Hema Latha, l. M. Arulmani. “E-LANKA” THE TAMIL CONTINENT?...(A new theory on “e-universe”). Academ Arena 2014;6(4):15-41]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 3. doi:10.7537/marsaaj060414.03


2.      Key Words:

a)      Philosophy of word “E”.

b)      Philosophy of word “EZHEM”.

c)       Philosophy of word “AKKI-E”.

d)      Philosophy of word “E-CONTINENT”.

e)      Philosophy of word “E-LORD”.

f)        Philosophy of word “E-EGG”.

g)      Philosophy of word “E-SON”.

h)      Philosophy of word “J-NADU”.

i)        Philosophy of word “E-INDO”.

j)        Philosophy of word “THAM-E”.(E-THAMIL)

k)      Philosophy of word “E-EYE”.

l)        Philosophy of word “E-VISION”.

m)    Philosophy of word “P-LANKA”.

n)      Philosophy of Human “HEART”.

o)      Philosophy of Human “SPECIES”.

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Critical Analysis Of The Freedom Of Religion In The Context Of Social Change In India


Jamshed Ansari


Asstt. Professor (Guest Faculty), Faculty of Law, University of Delhi, Delhi (India)

E-Mail- jamshedansari024@gmail.com

Mob. No. 09811365596

Address: F-379, Main Jagatpur Road, Wazirabad, District- North Delhi, State- Delhi- 110084, Country- India


Abstract: The Scope of this paper is to analyze the aspect of State Intervention and the associated freedom given to all people. Religion is an important aspect of the lives of the people of India. It is a part of the identity of the people and it is important to analyze this in the context of changes that the State has brought about in the religion and the extent to which the State can make laws to govern this. There have been various attempts by the legislature to understand and make laws to govern the different aspects of religion. The objective of this paper is to analyze the scope and the extent of these laws. If these laws do bring about the necessary changes in the society is important. This is so because the religions in the country are very numerous and many of them are suffering from the clutches of superstition and this should be removed because it is a negative influence on the society and very harmful to development and this needs to be addressed as early as possible. This paper also has a further venture into the concept of secularism and secularism in Indian context. There are many jurists who truly believe Indian is not a secular country and this paper seeks to examine the validity of such statement in the light of freedom religion granted by our Constitution. The first and foremost question in this paper is if the individual in the country has any freedom of religion? Is this freedom unlimited or is it limited? Whether the State has any right to intervene in the matters of religion in the Country? If yes if the power is unlimited in its scope? If no then what is the curtailment of the power of the State?  Whether secularism has been truly achieved in the State? This is the consequential question which this paper seeks to answer after the analysis of the freedom of religion. Secularism is an important aspect and has to be the final goal of the policies of the State. Whether that has been truly and completely achieved is the final question?

[Jamshed Ansari. Critical Analysis Of The Freedom Of Religion In The Context Of Social Change In India. Academ Arena 2014;6(4):42-48]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 4. doi:10.7537/marsaaj060414.04


Key Words: Religion, Society, State intervention, Secularism, Minority

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Students’ Engagement and Interaction in Higher Education: Middle Eastern Students’ Motivation and Technology


Maram Jaradat


College of Education, Al Ain University of Science &Technology, PO Box 64141 Al Ain, UAE

E-mail: maram.jaradat@aau.ac.ae


Abstract: The purpose of the study was to research the problem of student engagement and interaction in classrooms in Middle East Countries: Students are not motivated to interact in their classrooms, depending only on the lectures delivered by instructors in higher education. Students are not exposed to enough practice of speaking on their own and hence the motivation to interact among them in the classroom is almost absent. The variables in addressing the problem were the four aspects presented by Keller (2008) in his motivational theory (Attention, Relevance, Satisfaction, Confidence).The focus of the study was to find ways to motivate students to interact with each other and with the learning activities in classrooms thinking of technology as a means to do so. Through this study, the researcher wanted to explore students’ perceptions about technology and the relationship of its use to their motivation to interact in their classrooms. The findings supported Keller‟s motivational theory and its components regarding using technology to motivate students to interact with their instructors, with the learning activities, and with each other. There was a significant correlation between using technology in classrooms and gaining students‟ attention. There was a significant correlation between using technology and the relevance of the material presented in classrooms and students‟ real life. There was a significant correlation between using technology and students‟ confidence in participating in classrooms using technology. There was a significant correlation between using technology and students‟ satisfaction with the material presented in classrooms. ARCS was significantly correlated with students‟ learning experiences, students‟ learning strategies, and computer use in course.

[Jaradat M. Students’ Engagement and Interaction in Higher Education: Middle Eastern Students’ Motivation and Technology. Academ Arena 2014;6(4):49-66]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 5. doi:10.7537/marsaaj060414.05


Key words: student engagement, interaction, motivation, ARCS model, technology

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The Changing Dynamics of Talent Acquisition - An Analysis of Recruitment Trends, Marketing Strategies and Emerging Software and Services


Kar Furqan Ajaz


MBA Student, Amity University, Noida, U.P. India

E-mail: showkat80ahmad@gmail.com


Executive Summary: The recent widespread changes throughout the industry have led to significant changes in how organizations recruit talent, changes such as: A shrinking talent pool, economic setbacks, competition from web based marketing and opportunities in online recruitment, Social media recruitment etc. These changes have led to HR managers changing their strategies and policies significantly, even to the extent of taking a page from Sales and Marketing tactics. HR Managers, today, face a variety of such issues which they have to face while going about the building of an effective talent acquisition framework. This paper will briefly touch on the following points, assessing the challenges which modern HR structures in organizations face, stating the below points: No matter what the HR needs of an organization, filling up vacancies, expansion of their existing businesses, most organizations in 2014 will find themselves in need of high performing talent. Their success or failure will depend on how well they can combine their HR philosophies, embracing new technologies and their leveraging of core competencies to meld with operational efficiency, especially in the areas of cost management and streamlining the recruitment process. Even though in times of current instability and unemployment, the balance of power has shifted towards recruiters, talented individuals will still remain in high demand and will generally have their choice of employer and the focus will be on the HR departments to promote themselves to the candidates with the right skills and experience. Managers will be required to branch out to cross departmental allies in order to leverage their knowledge and skill in terms of branding and marketing themselves. (1) The gradual change of recruitment towards a more web-based format is irreversible and most organizations will lag in the race for high quality candidates in case of failure to embrace the same technique. (2) The success of HR departments will depend greatly on how well they can leverage internal core competencies. Restrictions on IT spending will ease up and organizations will have to weigh their business scenarios for investing on automating their recruitment processes. Organizations will have to either go for an extension of existing HR management systems, purchasing third party software, outsourcing etc. (3) Even in the case of automation, the best possible scenario will be when the above issues are addressed in the context of a broader framework taking into account the human capital needs of the organization, particularly in relation to succession planning, employee development and performance management.

[Kar Furqan Ajaz. The Changing Dynamics of Talent Acquisition, An Analysis of Recruitment Trends, Marketing Strategies and Emerging Software and Services. Academ Arena 2014;6(4):67-73]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 6. doi:10.7537/marsaaj060414.06


Keywords: Recruitment, HR, Automation, HR Software, Recruitment strategies, Social Media, Talent Acquisition, HR trends, HR services, Recruitment software, Recruitment services

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Whether India Needs A Super Regulatory Body


Name: Jamshed Ansari


Designation: Asstt. Professor (Guest Faculty), University of Delhi, Delhi (India)

E-Mail- jamshedansari024@gmail.com; Mob. No. 09811365596

Address: F-379, Main Jagatpur Road, Wazirabad, District- North Delhi, State- Delhi- 110084, Country- India

Date; 22.03.2014


Abstract: In India there are multiple financial market regulatory bodies and recently there was conflict between the Securities and Exchange Board of India and the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority. This issue regarding jurisdiction between IRDA and SEBI puts a question before us to think whether India requires a mega-regulatory body? In India High Level Coordination Committee on Financial Markets is working but recently we have seen that it has not been satisfactory to resolve the dispute between SEBI and IRDA. Therefore, the author suggests to constitute a separate body so as to prevent the jurisdictional conflict between regulatory bodies. The objective of the paper is to identify whether India needs a mega-regulatory body or the multiple regulatory system is one of the best solutions.  The writer has adopted qualitative methodology to find out the truth. The author is opined that the multiple regulatory systems exist in India which have created certain jurisdictional problems. For better presentation of the subject the author has to answer the following questions i.e. how jurisdictional problems arising among regulatory bodies may be resolved? and  whether Mega-regulatory system in India may be considered as a good solution to  avoid jurisdictional issues?

[Ansari, Jamshed. Whether India Needs a Super Regulatory Body. Academ Arena 2014;6(4):74-79]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 7. doi:10.7537/marsaaj060414.07


Key Words: SEBI, IRDA, RBI, TRAI, CCI, Jurisdiction, Financial Market, Regulatory Bodies

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用黑洞模型和新公式可准确地计算出狄拉克大数 2.271039




17 Pontiac Road, West Hartford, CT 06117-2129, U.S.A.

Email: zhangds12@hotmail.com; zds@outlook,com


[前言]: 通过将1个氢原子作为模型和对比,可求出氢原子上正电子对壳上负电子的电磁力Fe与原子核质量与壳上电子质量的引力Fg之比,即Fe/Fg = Ln = 2.271039 = 狄拉克大数,这是因为静电力和引力都同时作用在相同的电子和原子核上, 而有着同一个距离R 引力Fg和电磁力Fe是宇宙中2个基本力。既然Fe/Fg = Ln = 2.271039是一个常数,适用于一个氢原子,它不应该是一个孤例,而应当有普遍性。作者在<黑的宇宙学>[1]中,在霍金黑洞理论的基础上,新推导出来了一系列新公式,而完善了黑洞理论。本文将利用几个新公式,一方面验证狄拉克大数,Fe/Fg = Ln = 2.271039的正确性,另一方面也验证了作者黑洞新理论和新公式的正确性。从而证实狄拉克大数Fe/Fg = Ln = 2.271039的普遍意义。问题在于什么样的黑洞可以作为正确求出Fe/Fg的模型。

[张洞生. 用黑洞模型和新公式可准确地计算出狄拉克大数 2.271039. Academ Arena 2014;6(4):80-82]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 8. doi:10.7537/marsaaj060414.08


[关键词];引力Fg和电磁力Fe;狄拉克大数Fe/Fg = Ln = 2.271039;用黑洞新公式准确地证实狄拉克大数;纯质子组成的理想黑洞Mbo;狄拉克大数的普遍意义

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Recommended: 王德奎 y-tx@163.com



[倪问. 评沈致远教授的统一场论版本. Academ Arena 2014;6(4):83-100]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 9. doi:10.7537/marsaaj060414.09


Keywords: 中国; 学道; 数学; 物理;守恒; 系统; 宇宙; 粒子

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The articles in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review starting from March 25, 2014. 
All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net

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