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Science Journal

 

Academia Arena

 学术争鸣

Volume 6 - Number 12 (Cumulated No. 66),  December 25, 2014, ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online)

Cover Page, Cover (Print), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, doi:10.7537/j.issn.1553-992X

 

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CONTENTS

No.

Titles / Authors

Text

No.

1

WHAT DOES MEAN “CRIMINAL”?...(A New theory on “Civilian”)

 

M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.

 

M.Arulmani, B.E.

(Engineer)

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.

(Biologist)

vrhemalatha58@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This scientific research focus that the Human Ancestors lived in WHITE PLANET (White Mars) in the early universe shall be considered as “CRIMINALS”.  Criminals shall mean ideal persons who obey “Perfect law and order” having 100% integrity or absolute integrity as they lived under pure environment under the influence of Virgin radiation called as “J-RADIATION” (Zero hour radiation).

i.                               Right dot is like “Conduct” (Proton)

ii.                              Left dot is like “Character” (Electron)

iii.                            Center dot is like “Moral” (Photon)This research further focus that the philosophy of “CIVILIAN”, MILITANT, DEMOCRATIC shall be considered as distinguished human traits derived from CRIME, when human populated descended from white planet and started living on EARTH PLANET under varied environmental condition due to growth of various species radiation like γ-radiation, β-radiation,    α-radiation in three nuclear age. CIVILIAN is like image of CRIMINAL. MILITANT shall be considered as in zero state. Criminal shall be highly influenced with INTEGRITY having upward gravity. Civilian shall be considered as highly influenced with HONESTY having downward gravity”. -- M. Arulmani, Tamil Based Indian

[M.Arulmani, B.E.; V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil. WHAT DOES MEAN “CRIMINAL”?...(A New theory on “Civilian”). Academ Arena 2014;6(12):1-6]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 1. doi:10.7537/marsaaj061214.01

 

2.       Key Words: a) Philosophy of Criminal?...b) Philosophy of Militant?...c) Philosophy of Civilian?...d) Philosophy of Democratic?...e) Etymology of word crime?...

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2

The Central Bank Of Nigeria: A Critical Appraisal

 

Olubisi Friday Oluduro*

 

Department of Public law, Faculty of Law, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

E mail: oluduro2003@hotmail.com

stract: A nation’s economy is vital to the well-being and prosperity of its people and institutions, combines many institutions and factors revolving intrinsically around its currency. The administration and control of the financial system -banking sector rests principally on the central bank. The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), evolving through the years through different administrations of government has kept its mettle, impacting on the nation’s economy directly or otherwise, has cost many people and organisations losses with the development in the banking sector in the not-too distant past. The paper traces the evolution of the CBN and its appreciation of its control of the banking sector and the economy, the application of its control instruments.

[Olubisi Friday Oluduro. The Central Bank Of Nigeria: A Critical Appraisal. Academ Arena 2014;6(12):7-13]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 2. doi:10.7537/marsaaj061214.02

 

Keywords: central bank, control instruments, evolution, economy.

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3

Proximate Analysis of a commercial Morinda citrifolia juice and a Popular blackcurrant fruit Juice commonly used by Athletes in Nigeria

 

Anugweje Kc

 

Department of Health Services, University of Port Harcourt, P.M.B. 5323 Choba, East-West Road, Port Harcourt, 500102, Nigeria. E-mail: kanugweje@hotmail.com; Tel: +2348033382154

 

Abstract:The aim of this study was to evaluate the proximate composition of the Morinda citrifolia juice and the blackcurrant juice used for supplementation on the performance of university athletes. The study compared the ergogenic effects of both juices. The blackcurrant juice was used as a placebo drink in a double-blind trial because it is indistinguishable from Morinda citrifolia juice in colour, flavor and taste. Morinda citrifolia and placebo juices were subjected to proximate analysis. The standard procedures of AOAC (2003) were followed to analyze the proximate composition and mineral analysis. The caloric value was calculated from crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, carbohydrate, moisture and ash content. The results revealed that Morinda citrifolia juice revealed that Morinda citrifolia contained ash (1.14%), crude protein (0.13%), crude fat (0.24%), crude fiber (1.677%); moisture (87.91%), crude carbohydrate (61.66%), fructose (3.8g/100ml), glucose (3.5g/100ml), sucrose (<0.1g/100ml), specific gravity (1.250g/dm3) and a pH value of 5.17. While the popular blackcurrant juice used as placebo drink revealed that it contained ash (0.093%), crude protein (0.09%), crude fat (0.02%), crude fiber (0.0%); moisture (36.20%), crude carbohydrate (10.80%), fructose (1.2g/100ml), glucose (1.0g/100ml), sucrose (<0.1g/100ml), specific gravity (1.018g/dm3) and a pH value of 4.76. It further showed that Morinda citrifolia juice has higher amounts of protein and dietary fibre than the placebo juice. It also showed that Morinda citrifolia juice has higher carbohydrate, fructose and glucose content than the placebo juice. This study concluded that the tested Morinda citrifolia juice contained highest amount of carbohydrate and moisture compared to the placebo drink. The pH values of the tested drinks fall outside the range that incidentally favours bacterial growth.

[Anugweje Kc. Proximate Analysis of a commercial Morinda citrifolia juice and a Popular blackcurrant fruit Juice commonly used by Athletes in Nigeria. Academ Arena 2014;6(12):14-18]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 3. doi:10.7537/marsaaj061214.03

 

Keywords: pH value, Morinda citrifolia juice, placebo juice, Proximate analysis.

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4

Riemann Hypothesis proved

 

Fausto Galetto

 

fausto.galetto@fastwebnet.it

 

Abstract: We show a proof of the so-called Riemann Hypothesis (RH) stating that “All the non-trivial zero of the Zeta Function are on the Critical Line”. We prove the RH using the theory of l2 Hilbert spaces. The proof is so simple that we suspect that there could be an error that we are unable to find.

[Galetto F. Riemann Hypothesis proved. Academ Arena 2014;6(12):19-22]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 4. doi:10.7537/marsaaj061214.04

 

Key words: Zeta Function; zeros; Riemann Hypothesis.

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5

Theories legitimate purposes and the mention of marriage

 

Ramin Poursaeid * 1 Farhad Edrisi 2 Salman Valizadeh 3 Baharak Rise4

 

1. PhD. Department of law, Payame noor University, Iran

2.3. PhD. Department law, Zanjan Branch Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran

4. MA. Department law, Zanjan Branch Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran

 

Abstract: When a disease is generally considered the entire material and spiritual efforts to combat and prevent the b is used to although jurators disagree; the civil law accepts the mention of in deals but disagrees with marriage mention. The basic reasons for disagreement are cautious, estehab of religious quotations. The idea of some jurator or like moghadas Ardabili and others disrupt the collection of marriage mention disagrees. Cautious and estehab are the basic basis that is not true base of reasons. Here the idea of maghased legitimateby fomous jurator of 7th century Abu Eshagh Shatebi omit the wills about deal sides and his aims are more than the appearance of words, the concentration of Islam to people animus. Says the actions follow the animus that is one of basis of marriage mention idea.

[Ramin Poursaeid , Farhad EdrisiSalman Valizadeh , Baharak Rise.. Theories legitimate purposes and the mention of marriage. Academ Arena 2014;6(12):23-28]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 5. doi:10.7537/marsaaj061214.05

 

Key words: Marriage, Mention, Shatebi, Maghased Legitimate.

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6

THE LAW OF   LYRICS?...

(A New theory on LALITHAM”)

 

M.Arulmani, B.E; V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.

 

M.Arulmani, B.E.

(Engineer)

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.

(Biologist)

vrhemalatha58@gmail.com

 

Abstract: “LYRIC POEM” shall mean …

i) Poem sung for Money?...

ii) Poem sung for Award?...

iii) Poem sung for Business?...

No… No … No…

This scientific research article focus that the human ancestors who lived in “White planet” (White mars) in the early universe consider have sung songs for the following purpose.

i) Songs sung for translating meaning of “LIFE”

ii) Songs sung for strengthening “HUMAN VALUE

iii) Songs sung for promoting “PEACE”

This research further focus that our ancestors consider sung billions of songs with single word of Lyric  with three-in-one word called “White Tune” (or) “Divine Tune” compared to thousands of global level tunes (Western, Eastern tunes) being adopted during modern time lyrics. The philosophy of Lyric of single tune shall be narrated as below.

i) Right dot is Proton (like “Pitch”)

ii) Left dot is Electron (like “Melody”)

iii) Centre dot is Photon (like “Rhythm”)

LALITHAM shall be considered as the fundamental “LYRIC TUNE” and law of Lyrics for billions of Songs sung not only by Human but also songs sung by various planets, comets, birds, animals, plants, stars, ocean, wind, fire, clouds, rain etc.”

- M. Arulmani,

Tamil Based Indian

[M. Arulmani, B.E; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil. THE LAW OF   LYRICS?...(A New theory on LALITHAM”). Academ Arena 2014;6(12):29-35]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 6. doi:10.7537/marsaaj061214.06

 

2.       Key Words:

a)                 Philosophy of POEM?...

b)                 Philosophy of LYRIC?...

c)                 Philosophy of SONG?...

d)                 Philosophy of EPIC?...

e)                 Philosophy of POET?...

f)                  Philosophy of LYRICIST?...

g)                 Philosophy of ARTIST?...

h)                 Philosophy of SANKU INSTRUMENT?...

i)                   Philosophy of word LULLABY?...

j)                  Etymology of LULLABY?...

k)                 Etymology of Word LYRE?...

l)                   Etymology of Word LAW?...

m)               Etymology of word POEM?...

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7

SENTHAMIL AMMA!...(A New theory on MUTHAMIL”)

 

M.Arulmani, B.E; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.

 

M.Arulmani, B.E.

(Engineer)

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.

(Biologist)

vrhemalatha58@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This Scientific research article focus that the word “THAMIL” shall be considered as “SOUL” of Universe composed of fundamental particles for existence of all matters under equilibrium condition. The so called Muthamil, Kannithamil, Kodumthamil, Senthamil shall be considered as the “different souls” of Universe exist under varied environment condition in the expanding universe. Further it is focused that various words in Thamil language like “ANNAI”, “THAI-e”, “AMMU”, “AMMA”, “AMMAN” are used to indicate common English meaning as “MOTHER”. If so why so many words are required in Thamil for a “Single meaning”?...

i)                     ANNAI is Muthamil Word?...

ii)                   THAI-e is Kanni Thamil Word?...

iii)                  AMMU is Kodum Thamil Word?...

iv)                 AMMA is Senthamil word?...

v)                   AMMAN is Post vedic thamil word?...

It is focused that in the language evolution, Muthamil, Kannithamil, Kodumthamil, Senthamil, Vedic thamil shall be considered as different stage of language during different geological periods and evolved with different words for the Single meaning. THAMIL” shall mean “DIVINE LOGIC” rather them Language. “ANNAI” shall be considered like “MOTHER” of all Logics and Muthamil shall be considered as Supreme Logic. Muthamil shall also mean MU-THAMIL

[M.Arulmani, B.E; V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.SENTHAMIL AMMA!...(A New theory on MUTHAMIL”). Academ Arena 2014;6(12):36-42]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 7. doi:10.7537/marsaaj061214.07

 

2.       Key Words:

a)                 Philosophy of Muthamil?...

b)                 Philosophy of Kannithamil?...

c)                 Philosophy of Kodumthamil?..

d)                 Philosophy of Senthamil?...

e)                 Philosophy of Post vedic thamil?...

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8

Riemann Hypothesis solved

 

Fausto Galetto, fausto.galetto@fastwebnet.it

 

Galetto Fausto

Quality Management for FUTURE Managers

logo 150del POLIto

 

 

Abstract: We show a proof of the so-called Riemann Hypothesis (RH) stating that “All the non-trivial zero of the Zeta Function are on the Critical Line”. We prove the RH using the theory of l2 Hilbert spaces. The proof is so simple that we suspect that there is an error that we are unable to find.

[Fausto Galetto. Riemann Hypothesis solved. Academ Arena 2014;6(12):43-47]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 8. doi:10.7537/marsaaj061214.08

 

Keywords: Riemann Hypothesis (RH); non-trivial zero of the Zeta Function; Critical Line; l2 Hilbert spaces

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9

经典物理学的几个问题 - 伽利略相对性原理

 

Li Xusheng

 

1922538071@qq.com

 

Abstract: 在物理学中,力学的终极概念得到了因果解释.对物理学来说,力的概念(力场的概念)是个必须加以分析的概念.物理学确定了力的数值,在个别情况下,当质点无摩擦地运动时(即摩擦力可以忽略时)力可以是坐标的函数.这种函数的形式应由引力论、弹性理论、电动力学理论中对引力、弹性力、电力、磁力的研究给出,并且这种研究与力学不同,完全按另一种方式进行,这些力已不再是终极概念,恰恰相反,现代科学的任务正是要用物理的或数学的方法把它们从另外的量推演出来.

[Li X. 经典物理学的几个问题 - 伽利略相对性原理. Academ Arena 2014;6(12):49-65]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 9. doi:10.7537/marsaaj061214.09

 

Keywords: 物理学; 力学; 因果;分析;数学; 方法

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10

洛伦兹变换的思考

 

Li Xusheng

 

1922538071@qq.com

 

Abstract: 19世纪80年代初,当普朗克(M. Planck1859~1947)表示决心献身理论物理学时,他的老师、著名的德国实验物理学家约利(P. von Jolly, 1809~1884)规劝他说:“年轻人.你为什么要断送自己的前途呢? 要知道,理论物理学已经终结,微分方程已经确立,它的解法已经制定,可供计算的只是个别特殊的情况.可是,把自己的一生献给这一事业,值得吗? 1894年,赫兹甚至在批评牛顿力学有关基本慨念的著作中还坚持认为:“把一切自然现象还原为简单的力学定律是物理学的课题,在这一点上,所有的物理学家都是一致的.” 热力学第二定律的不可逆性同牛顿力学的可逆性相对立.虽然热力学第二定律的统计解释表明可以从力学定律导出热现象的不可逆性,但它引入了与牛顿力学规律的确定性相对立的统计规律;同时统计力学的各态历经假说根本不能归结为力学原理.另外,统计力学中的能量均分定理不能适用于具有无限传播的结论,也同引力的瞬时超距作用相对立.此外,麦克斯韦(18311879)的电磁场方程和伽利略(15641642)的相对性原理不协调,电磁现象领域中质量和电动力的速度相关也同牛顿力学的质量和力的速度无关相矛盾.

[Li X. 洛伦兹变换的思考. Academ Arena 2014;6(12):66-94]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 10. doi:10.7537/marsaaj061214.10

 

Keywords: 物理学; 力学; 因果;分析;数学; 方法

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The articles in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review starting from October 28, 2014. 

All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net

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