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Science Journal


Academia Arena


(Academ Arena)

ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online), doi:10.7537/j.issn.1553-922X, Monthly

Volume 7 - Number 6 (Cumulated No. 72),  June 25, 2015

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, All papers in one file


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For Microsoft Document (doc file): After you open the "Full Text" for each article, change the last 3 characters of the web address from .pdf to .doc (or docx)

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Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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本地性科学初探 - 中国前沿科学检视与西方科学之争 (17 – 21)




Recommended: 王德奎 y-tx@163.com; 张洞生 zhangds12@hotmail.com


Abstract: 科学创新、进化因素,存在普遍性、世界性,也存在有本土性和地域性,涉及科学作为一种智力,特别是数、理、化、生等学科的公式、定理、定律,它的客观性类似早已存在,不以人存,不以天亡,只是等人早晚的条件和来发现。对于不是自己的发现,它类似传说。但他人的发现,也是可以再重复计算、推导、证明、试验检查的。发现成为非物质文化科学遗产传说,一方面它有普遍性、世界性;或者它从本土性和地域性也可以转变成普遍性、世界性。但有些非物质文化科学遗产的传说,它的可证性、表演性很小。本篇是此文的第17至第21部分。

[金识. 本地性科学初探 - 中国前沿科学检视与西方科学之争 (17-21). Academ Arena 2015;7(6):1-16]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 1. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070615.01


Keywords: 科学; 创新; 进化; 存在; 普遍性; 世界性; 文化; 遗产

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Intellectual capital and Business Performance in Algerian Companies


Bouguesri Sarra1 & Dr. Benabou Djillali 2


1: Faculty of Economy, Commerce and Management, Chlef 21000, Algeria

2: Faculty of Economy, Commerce and Management, Mascara 29000, Algeria

Sara9002007@yhoo.fr, djbenabou@yahoo.fr


Abstract: Purpose – The purpose of this study is to empirically test the relationship between intellectual capital (i.e. human capital, structural capital, relational capital) and business performance within different economic sectors in Algeria. Design/methodology/approach – A valid research instrument was utilized to conduct a survey of 120 employees in different manager levels of Algerian companies. Findings – A correlation is conducted to ascertain the validity of the measures and models. Statistical support was found for the hypothesized relationships. Research limitations/implications – The findings offer valuable insights on the generalizability of intellectual capital in a novel research setting. Practical implications – Intellectual capital measurement is of primary interest for senior executives of pharmaceutical firms in Jordan. Originality/value – The research reported is among only a few to investigate the issue of intellectual capital in Jordan and the first to study Algerian firms.

[Bouguesri Sarra & Benabou Djillali. Intellectual capital and Business Performance in Algerian Companies. Academ Arena 2015;7(6):17-25]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 2. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070615.02


Key words: intellectual capital – business performance- algerian companies.

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Li Xuesheng




摘 要:说明了《弹簧振子相对于运动惯性系的机械能不守恒——关于<对一道中学生物理竞赛试题答案的商榷>的商榷》错误.

[Li Xuesheng. 答《弹簧振子相对于运动惯性系的机械能不守恒——关于<对一道中学生物理竞赛试题答案的商榷>的商榷》. Academ Arena 2015;7(6):26-28]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 3. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070615.03


关键词:物理竞赛试题; 弹簧振子;动能;势能;机械能守恒

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[郭选年. 天体运动和物理力学的郭氏定律. Academ Arena 2015;7(6):29-42]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 4. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070615.04



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通信地址、江苏省扬州市蜀秀花园16805, 邮编 225008  

电子信箱:yzscw0514@163.com,   qq 458669609, 手机 18652544068


Abstract: Integration of China I like to gossip arrow to the heart of one of the following law of motion, the creation of yin and yang, gold, wood, water, fire and earth movement to rise to the evolution of all things philosophical thought highly of Taoism inaction WTO, stressed the unity and contradiction of opposites . Confucius is indeed the gossip on for another centrifugal motion like an arrow, the creation of benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, faith Confucianism, born promising the highest level of moderation for Ethics. Unfortunately, they generally last from a macro, a microscopic look at the problem from the analysis. Volt meter painting of the Eight Diagrams physically not really understand, following no way to find the source, but also did not explain the Eight Diagrams are shown all the true meaning of things, in science and technology can not play a huge role.

[孙纯武. 我的理解太极八卦图. Academ Arena 2015;7(6):43-49]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 5. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070615.05


关键词:八卦图图解 , 来源,   功能作用等

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Employees Satisfaction in Public and Private Banking Sector of Pakistan


Muhammad Usman Saleem, Ren Chong, Farhan Khan


School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China, USTC, Hefei, Anhui, P.R. China

usmanmughal@mail.ustc.edu.cn; Cell: 0086-15665403301


Abstract: The purpose of the study is to investigate the level of employee’s satisfaction in public and private banking sector of Pakistan. Satisfaction of Employee is increase by increase in Reward and Motivation. In this study we collected the data from National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) and United Bank Limited (UBL). We used survey questioner for collection of the data, which consist of 12 questions and Likert scale. Study revealed that employee satisfaction level is higher in private banks as compared to the public banks of Pakistan, because more rewards (tangible and intangible) are given in private banks due to which employees are more satisfied. Another reason of employee satisfaction level in private banks is their motivation. They are more motivated than employees of the public sector banking.

[Muhammad Usman Saleem, Ren Chong, Farhan Khan. Employees Satisfaction in Public and Private Banking Sector of Pakistan. Academ Arena 2015;7(6):50-56]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 6. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070615.06


Key words: Employee Satisfaction, Banking Sector, Reward, Motivation, Pakistan.

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Thali Culture Of Angels?... (“Mangala Sutra”)


M. Arulmani, B.E. V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.


Abstract: Marriage’ is the ceremony when Bride and Bridegroom are united legally for regeneration of their heirs. Presently it is the global level culture that ‘THALI’ is tied on the bride’s neck putting ‘three knots’. There are so many theories about three knots. This scientific research focus that ‘WIFE’ shall be considered as the ‘IMAGE’ of ‘MOTHER’.  In other words ‘WIFE’ shall be considered as the ‘Transformed soul’ of ‘Mother Nature’.  The philosophy of motherly bondage, wife bondage shall be indicated as below.

[M. Arulmani, B.E. V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil. Thali Culture Of Angels?... (“Mangala Sutra”). Academ Arena 2015;7(6):57-62]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 7. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070615.07


Keyword: Marriage; ceremony; Bride; Bridegroom; soul; Mother; Nature; philosophy; bondage; wife

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Recommendated: 王德奎, y-tx@163.com



[. 非洲多贡人与四川贡嘠山初探. Academ Arena 2015;7(6):63-73]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 8. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070615.08



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Recommended: 王德奎 y-tx@163.com



[金识 . 评陈瑞祥五行公理对应中医行吗?----高也陶五脏相音-闻诊仪癌细胞快速诊断初探. Academ Arena 2015;7(6):74-87]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 9. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070615.09


关键词:五脏 五行 中医 癌症 闻诊仪 -丘空间

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M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.


M. Arulmani, B.E.



V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.




Abstract: This scientific research article focus that the CREATOR OF UNIVERSE shall be considered as “SUPREME POET” who consider created the Universe through “POEM” (Triphthong Mantra).  The supreme Poet also be called by name by author as “RAMANUJAM”. Ramanujam shall also mean Supreme God (MEGA VISHUVAN) who created everything through “MOTHER NATURE” (Souls). This scientific research speculated that the Philosophy of Hinduism trinity God BRAHMA, VISHNU, SHIVA shall be considered as supreme God in different Hindu denominations in different phases of time as described. (i) Ramanujam – Creator (Poet). (ii) Brahma – God of Ethics (5,00,000 years eago). (iii) Rama – God of Philosophy (3,00,000 years ago). (iv) Krishna -  God of Scientce (2,00,000 years ago). (v) Shiva – God of Technology (1,00,000 Years ago).

[M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil. UNIVERSAL POET?...(“RAMANUJAM”). Academ Arena 2015;7(6):88-90]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 10. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070615.10



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Studying legal responsibility of governments against their own citizens for air pollution, tiny pollen and nuclear waste


Abdollah Ghaderi1, Taher Rahbar 2, Peiman Latifi 3


1.Department of law, University of Tabriz, Iran

Email: Abdollah_gh2004@yahoo.com

2.Department of law Tabriz branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

3.Department of law, University of Tabriz, Iran

Email: peyman.latifi@yahoo.comm


Abstract: Air pollution issue is one of the problems that have arisen in the International Community recently. For example, the dust which enter from one country to other country or countries, creates a lot of problems form them and it may impose many costs for governments to remove its traces. Radioactive materials are one of the contaminants of human environment which have been considered today given increasingly use of nuclear materials in producing energy. Contamination resulted from these materials may be due to peaceful use of nuclear energy such as: Nuclear waste disposal, nuclear power plants, or the result of a nuclear wars and nuclear weapons. Based on customary rules and according to provisions of the related convention, Unnecessary & avoided damage to environment is forbidden either directly or indirectly. It is natural that the government has civil and legal liability against people and is responsible for the damage and losses. Thus, air pollution is prosecutable from both legal and criminal perspective. If we want to follow from criminal perspective, we should meet ill will and special purpose elements that would seem unlikely that someone attempt to make it knowingly and intentionally, but legally, one can lawsuit & demand for compensation for damages entering people.  

[Abdollah Ghaderi, Taher Rahbar, Peiman Latifi. Studying legal responsibility of governments against their own citizens for air pollution, tiny pollen and nuclear waste. Academ Arena 2015;7(6):91-96]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 11. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070615.11


Key words: government responsibility, air pollution, tiny pollen

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Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase (iNOS) and Obstruction Research Literatures


Ma Hongbao 1, Margaret Ma 2, Yang Yan 1


1 Brookdale Hospital, Brooklyn, New York 11212, USA; 2 Cambridge, MA 02138, USA



Abstract: Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs, EC are a family of enzymes catalyzing the production of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine. NO is an important cellular signaling molecule that helps to modulate the vascular tone, insulin secretion, airway tone and peristalsis, etc, and NO is involved in angiogenesis and neural development. It may function as a retrograde neurotransmitter. NO is mediated in mammals by the calcium-calmodulin controlled isoenzymes eNOS (endothelial NOS) and nNOS (neuronal NOS). The inducible isoform, iNOS, is involved in immune response, binds calmodulin at physiologically relevant concentrations, and produces NO as an immune defense mechanism, as NO is a free radical with an unpaired electron. It is the proximate cause of septic shock and may function in autoimmune disease. Obstructive uropathy is a condition in which the flow of urine is blocked. This causes the urine to back up and injure one or both kidneys. Obstructive uropathy occurs when urine cannot drain through a ureter. Urine backs up into the kidney and causes it to become hydronephrosis. It can occur suddenly, or be a long-term problem. If the blockage comes on suddenly, kidney damage is less likely if the problem is detected and treated promptly, and the damage to the kidneys goes away normally. Long-term damage to the kidneys may occur if the blockage has been present for a long time. If the problem is caused by a blockage in the bladder, the bladder may have long-term damage, which may lead to problems emptying the bladder or leakage of urine. This article introduces recent research reports as references in the inducible nitric oxide Synthase (iNOS) and obstruction related studies.

[Ma H, Young M, Yang Y. Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase (iNOS) and Obstruction Research Literatures. Academ Arena 2015;7(6):97-96]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 12. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070615.12


Key words: inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS); Obstruction; life; cell

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The articles in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review starting from May 9, 2015. 

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