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Science Journal

 

Academia Arena

 学术争鸣

ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online), doi:10.7537/j.issn.1553-922X, Monthly

Volume 7 - Number 10 (Cumulated No. 76), October 25, 2015

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, All papers in one file

 

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For Microsoft Document (doc file): After you open the "Full Text" for each article, change the last 3 characters of the web address from .pdf to .doc (or docx)

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Evaluation Educational Programs on Students’ Responsibility

 

Simin Siri

 

MSc in Health Education, Tarbiat Modarres University

E-mail: zhamilyazahan@mail.ru

 

Abstract: Responsibility – the base of full activity of the person in modern society. At this conjuncture the solution of this problem demands a support on application of the educational programs providing formation of abilities, skills and the relations necessary for understanding and an assessment of own health, motivating on a healthy lifestyle, acceptance of its values and promoting development of adequate behavior of the healthy personality. Realization of this task demands the accounting of potential of the program which possesses the specific potential of familiarizing of children and studying youth to norms and healthy lifestyle values.

[Simin Siri. Evaluation Educational Programs on Students’ Responsibility. Academ Arena 2015;7(10):1-3]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 1. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.01.

 

Key words: education, school students, program, experience of application

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1

2

Strength Characteristics of Lateritic Soils Stabilized with Locally Manufactured and Imported Hydrated Lime

 

Fadugba, O. G1, Oluyemi-Ayibiowu, B. D2, Owolabi, T.A3, Olowoselu A. S4

 

1, 2, 4 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Federal University of Technology, Akure. Nigeria

3Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria

Corresponding Email: olaolufadugba@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: - This research evaluates the use of locally prepared lime to commercial (Imported) lime in stabilization of lateritic soil. limestone samples were collected from Three geographical location which are Ewekoro, Ogun state, Okpella, Edo state and Obajana, Kogi state of Nigeria. Lateritic soil was collected and subsequently stabilized with 3% and 6% of the various hydrated limes. The natural lateritic soil sample was subjected to preliminary tests (Natural moisture content, Specific gravity, Particle size analysis and atterberg’s limits), the result of the preliminary test classify the soil into an A-6 lateritic soil. Thereafter, the A-6 lateritic soil was stabilized with the locally prepared hydrated limes as well as a commercial (Imported) lime and the results of unconfined compression, CBR and optimum dry density compared. The locally prepared limes are not inferior to the imported lime as shown in the results of this research.

[Fadugba, O. G, Oluyemi-Ayibiowu, B. D, Owolabi, T.A, Olowoselu A. S. Strength Characteristics of Lateritic Soils Stabilized with Locally Manufactured and Imported Hydrated Lime. Academ Arena 2015;7(10):4-15]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 2. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.02.

 

Keywords: - Lateritic Soil, Limestone, Optimum dry density, Stabilization, Unconfined Compression

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2

3

Performance Characteristics Of Some Nigerian Problem Soils Stabilized With Ionic Stabilizer

 

B.D OLUYEMI-AYIBIOWU

 

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Federal University of Technology, Akure. Nigeria

bayibiowu@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This work involves stabilization of some Nigerian problem soils with Ionic stabilizer for strength improvement. The work was carried out by collection of soil samples from six locations within Nigeria. The natural geotechnical properties of the collected samples were determined in the laboratory after which they were mixed with the soil materials and their response monitored by testing. The test carried out on both the natural and treated samples are classification which includes Atterberg limits, particle size distribution; and strength characteristics through compaction and California Bearing ratio determination. The soil materials tested are classified as A-2-6, A-3 and A-7-6 with natural California Bearing Ratio (CBR) values ranging from 7.7% to 32.5%, indicating weak subgrade to fair subbase materials. All the soil materials were naturally unsuitable for road bases. On stabilization, the plasticity indices of the soils were reduced considerably with remarkable improvement on compaction and strength characteristics. The CBR values increased from between 23.8% - 87%, giving a percentage increase by up to 325%. The unsuitable materials were thus improved to suitable base materials.

[B.D OLUYEMI-AYIBIOWU. Performance Characteristics Of Some Nigerian Problem Soils Stabilized With Ionic Stabilizer. Academ Arena 2015;7(10):16-28]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 3. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.03.

 

Key words: stabilization, laterite, black cotton soils, ionic stabilizer, Atterberg limits, compaction, strength, characteristics

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3

4

Episode-36 (Philosophy of “Book”)

 

M. Arul Mani

 

Superintending Engineer (E), BSNL Electrical Circle, Ground Floor, Telephone Exchange, East Maasi Street, Madurai – 625001, Tamilnadu, India

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

https://tamilresearchjourney.blogspot.com

+919486100678

 

Abstract: This scientific research focus that the entire universe and universal matters creations shall be considered as written in “MASTER BOOK” by “God” (creator) and the matters further considered “Evolved” in three nuclear age. The etymology of word “Book” might be derived from the Proto Indo Europe root word “Nool”. Nool shall mean “Holy book” (Marai) consists of “initial creative data” (Soul). The Holy Book shall also be called as “White Book”.

[M. Arul Mani. Episode-36 (Philosophy of “Book”). Academ Arena 2015;7(10):29-30]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 4. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.04.

 

Keywords: scientific research; universe; matter; creation

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4

5

Episode-38 (Philosophy of “THIRUMATHI”)

 

M. Arul Mani

 

Superintending Engineer (E), BSNL Electrical Circle, Ground Floor, Telephone Exchange, East Maasi Street, Madurai – 625001, Tamilnadu, India

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

https://tamilresearchjourney.blogspot.com

+919486100678

 

Abstract: This scientific research article titled as “THIRUMATHI” is dedicated to “TAMIL ANNAI” statue of MADURAI. TAMIL ANNAI shall be considered as “THIRUMATHI”. Thirumathi shall mean “VIRGIN MOTHER” (Immortal). The “Thiru”, “Thirumathi” culture shall be considered as Ancient Tamil Culture consider indicates first name (Initial) of a person. Thiru shall mean GOD (APPA), “Thirumathi“ shall mean “GODDESS” (ANNAI).

[M. Arul Mani. Episode-38 (Philosophy of “THIRUMATHI”). Academ Arena 2015;7(10):31-33]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 5. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.05.

 

Keywords: THIRUMATHI; Ancient; Tamil Culture; person; GOD; GODDESS (ANNAI)

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5

6

Episode-39 (“TAMIL” is soul of “UNO”) UNO?...

 

M. Arul Mani

 

Superintending Engineer (E), BSNL Electrical Circle, Ground Floor, Telephone Exchange, East Maasi Street, Madurai – 625001, Tamilnadu, India

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

https://tamilresearchjourney.blogspot.com

+919486100678

 

Abstract: This Scientific research focus that “NO TAMIL” shall mean “NO UNIVERSE”. It is focused that “HYDROGEN RADIATION” shall be considered as the TRANSFORMED SOUL of universal matters for sustainability of Life System on “EARTH PLANET”. Matter is nothing but “Mathematical Process” of Three-in-one fundamental allotrope CARBON, NITROGEN, OZONE responsible for origin of other elements of universe.

[M. Arul Mani. Episode-39 (“TAMIL” is soul of “UNO”) UNO?... Academ Arena 2015;7(10):34-35]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 6. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.06.

 

Keywords: UNIVERSE; HYDROGEN; RADIATION; TRANSFORMED SOUL; EARTH PLANET; Mathematical Process; CARBON; NITROGEN; OZONE; element

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6

7

Episode-40 (“TAXED UNIVERSE?...”)

 

M. Arul Mani

 

Superintending Engineer (E), BSNL Electrical Circle, Ground Floor, Telephone Exchange, East Maasi Street, Madurai – 625001, Tamilnadu, India

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

https://tamilresearchjourney.blogspot.com

+919486100678

 

Abstract: This scientific research article focus than the entire universe and matters shall be considered initially ‘Created’ by supernatural person (God) though his ‘SOUL’. Creator shall also be called as “INTANGIBLE ASSET” further Billions of treasures of universe (also called as white matter) shall considered created and “TAXED” and properly accounted under head of THREE DOMAIN. Tax shall mean “Immortal soul” (J-RADIATION). Each Taxed matter (Created matter) shall be considered distinguished in order by minute varied genetic characteristics composed of three-in-one fundamental particles PHOTON, ELECTRON, PROTON, called by author as “Mantra Particles” (Godly Particles) . Tax shall mean ‘Immortal Soul’ (Intangible asset). Taxed matters shall mean billions of white souls emanated called by author as ‘Treasures of Universe’. Treasures of Universe shall mean properly accounted TAXED MATTERS.

[M. Arul Mani. Episode-40 (“TAXED UNIVERSE?...”). Academ Arena 2015;7(10):36-39]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 7. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.07.

 

Keywords: God; SOUL; Creator; Universe; MATTERS

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8

Episode-41 (GOD SMILES?...) fUj;Jf; fzpg;G?...

 

M. Arul Mani

 

Superintending Engineer (E), BSNL Electrical Circle, Ground Floor, Telephone Exchange, East Maasi Street, Madurai – 625001, Tamilnadu, India

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

https://tamilresearchjourney.blogspot.com

+919486100678

 

Abstract: This Scientific research article titled as “GOD SMILES” is dedicated to the Great “Revolutionist” “Dr. C. N. ANNADURAI” (Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu) in memory of his Birthday Anniversary being observed on September 15 who shall be called by author as International “Philosopher of poor people”.

[M. Arul Mani. Episode-41 (GOD SMILES?...) fUj;Jf; fzpg;G?.... Academ Arena 2015;7(10):41-41]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 8. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.08.

 

Keywords: GOD SMILES; Revolutionist; Philosopher; people

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8

9

Episode-42 (The “DAM”) miz fl;LtJ jtwh?...

 

M. Arul Mani

 

Superintending Engineer (E), BSNL Electrical Circle, Ground Floor, Telephone Exchange, East Maasi Street, Madurai – 625001, Tamilnadu, India

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

https://tamilresearchjourney.blogspot.com

+919486100678

 

Abstract: This Scientific research article titled as “DAM” is dedicated to “MA-DAM”, “MA-DAM” shall mean “Mother supreme” who gives free “RAIN WATER” to all states of Nations including KERALA, KARANATKA. Construct dam shall mean building up of love and affection for healthy relationship among neighbouring states.

[M. Arul Mani. Episode-42 (The “DAM”) miz fl;LtJ jtwh?.... Academ Arena 2015;7(10):42-43]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 9. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.09.

 

Keywords: DAM; Mother; supreme; RAIN WATER; states

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9

10

Episode-43 (Philosophy of “REFUGEE”) “ETH MUBARAK”?...

 

M. Arul Mani

 

Superintending Engineer (E), BSNL Electrical Circle, Ground Floor, Telephone Exchange, East Maasi Street, Madurai – 625001, Tamilnadu, India

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

https://tamilresearchjourney.blogspot.com

+919486100678

 

Abstract: This scientific research focus that all the inhabitants on the EARTH PLANET shall be called by author as REFUGEES.  REFUGEE shall mean “TRANSFORMED PERSON” from “MARS PLANET” (Mother of Planets) to EARTH PLANET  as a “TOURIST” for enjoying Life with great TREASURES freely offered to human without any “TAX”. All the Resources on the Earth Planet  “owned by creator” (GOD).

[M. Arul Mani. Episode-43 (Philosophy of “REFUGEE”) “ETH MUBARAK”?.... Academ Arena 2015;7(10):44-45]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 10. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.10.

 

Keywords: EARTH; PLANET; REFUGEES.  REFUGEE; TOURIST; GOD

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10

11

Episode-44 (Philosophy Of “Agg”) In Search Of “Y-Chromosome”?...

 

M. Arul Mani

 

Superintending Engineer (E), BSNL Electrical Circle, Ground Floor, Telephone Exchange, East Maasi Street, Madurai – 625001, Tamilnadu, India

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

https://tamilresearchjourney.blogspot.com

+919486100678

 

Abstract: Global level scientists still could not conclude about the origin of “Y-chromosome” which considers responsible for identity of “MALE GENDER”. This scientific research focus that “EGG” (Ekki-e)shall be considered descended from “AGG” (Akki-e). “AGG” shall mean “NATURAL WHITE MATTER’ derived from ‘J-RADIATION’ (Zero hour Radiation). During expanding universe “EGG” shall be considered derived from AGG. The AGG shall be considered as “Treasure” called by author as “GEM” (created soul). The “EGG” shall be considered as “RESOURCE” called by author as “GIM” (Transformed soul).

[M. Arul Mani. Episode-44 (Philosophy Of “Agg”) In Search Of “Y-Chromosome”?.... Academ Arena 2015;7(10):46-47]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 11. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.11.

 

Keywords: Global level; scientist; Y-chromosome; MALE GENDER; AGG; GEM (created soul).

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12

Episode-47 (The rear side of Moon) Can’t we see rear side of Moon?...

 

M. Arul Mani

 

Superintending Engineer (E), BSNL Electrical Circle, Ground Floor, Telephone Exchange, East Maasi Street, Madurai – 625001, Tamilnadu, India

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

https://tamilresearchjourney.blogspot.com

+919486100678

 

Abstract: Scientists focus that only 59% of Moon surface can be seen from the earth all the time because of synchronizing time of moon as it orbits itself as well as earth and the balance 41% of moon surface can not be seen at all. In 1959 Soviet Union claimed about data about rear side of moon and America also claimed seen the rear side through space vehicle Apollo-8. Now China is also programming to land on rear side of moon by 2018. It is focused that the pre-historic “Tamil Based Indian” who are expert in Astronomy, Astro-physics have already established about the configuration of relative position “SUN, EARTH, MOON” and it is pattern of rotation on its axis. It is focused that “MOON” never orbits “EARTH”. But it rotates only on its axis and all four sides of Moon consider being seen from the Earth.

[M. Arul Mani. Episode-47 (The rear side of Moon) Can’t we see rear side of Moon?.... Academ Arena 2015;7(10):48-49]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 12. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.12.

 

Keywords: Scientist; Moon; surface; synchronizing time; EARTH

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12

13

Episode-49 (The Philosophy of “ANGEL”)

 

M. Arul Mani

 

Superintending Engineer (E), BSNL Electrical Circle, Ground Floor, Telephone Exchange, East Maasi Street, Madurai – 625001, Tamilnadu, India

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

https://tamilresearchjourney.blogspot.com

+919486100678

 

Abstract: “ANGELS” do not have “HANDS” but have only “WINGS” (Primitive Hands). Hands shall be considered as evolved from wings. …M. Arulmani, Tamil Based Indian, Madurai.

[M. Arul Mani. Episode-49 (The Philosophy of “ANGEL”). Academ Arena 2015;7(10):50-51]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 13. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.13.

 

Keywords: ANGELS; HANDS; WINGS

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14

Episode-50 (The Philosophy of “SERVICE”)

 

M. Arul Mani

 

Superintending Engineer (E), BSNL Electrical Circle, Ground Floor, Telephone Exchange, East Maasi Street, Madurai – 625001, Tamilnadu, India

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

https://tamilresearchjourney.blogspot.com

+919486100678

 

Abstract: This scientific research focus that “SERVICE” shall become transformation of “STONY HEART” into “FLEXIBLE HEART” for welfare of Human Society as overall including “Poor people”. It is focused that most of the Indian Heritage like DAMS, COLLEGES, SCHOOLS considered established by then “British Rulers” before Independence for welfare of Indians. Many VIPS and former Presidents of India were offered “free education” at that time in British Institution. Honourable Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Dr. J. Jayalalithaa (called as Amma) who speaks “Commanding British English” also considered as Product of then “British Institution.

[M. Arul Mani. Episode-50 (The Philosophy of “SERVICE”). Academ Arena 2015;7(10):49-50]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 14. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.14.

 

Keywords: SERVICE; STONY HEART; FLEXIBLE HEART; Institution.

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15

Episode-57 (“CHEN-THAI”)

 

M. Arul Mani, Author

 

Superintending Engineer (E), BSNL Electrical Circle, Ground Floor, Telephone Exchange,

East Maasi Street, Madurai – 625001 Tamilnadu India

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

https://tamilresearchjourney.blogspot.com

+919486100678

 

Abstract: Anthropological study focus that “CHEN FAMILY” is popular in “CHINA”. “CHINA” is the “Surname” of millions of Chinese. The derivative of root word “CHEN” like CHAN, CHIN, CHUN, ZEN, JIN are also the surnames of families in various other regions of the world Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, Macao, Malaysia etc. (e.g). (1) CHIN TAI - Official general of Cao wei. (2) CHEN BAXIAM - Founding emperor of Chen Dynasty. (3) CHEN YI - Community party of China military commander.

[M. Arul Mani, Author. Episode-57 (“CHEN-THAI”). Academ Arena 2015;7(10):54-56]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 15. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.15.

 

Keywords: Anthropological; CHEN FAMILY; CHINA; Surname; Chinese

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15

16

Cancer and Smoke Research Literatures

 

Ma Hongbao 1, Margaret Ma 2, Yang Yan 1

 

1 Brookdale Hospital, Brooklyn, New York 11212, USA; 2 Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

ma8080@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Cancer is the general name for a group of more than 100 diseases. Although there are many kinds of cancer, all cancers start because abnormal cells grow out of control. Untreated cancers can cause serious illness and death. The body is made up of trillions of living cells. Normal body cells grow, divide, and die in an orderly fashion. During the early years of a person’s life, normal cells divide faster to allow the person to grow. After the person becomes an adult, most cells divide only to replace worn-out or dying cells or to repair injuries. This article introduces recent research reports as references in the cancer and smoke related studies.

[Ma H, Young M, Yang Y. Cancer and Smoke Research Literatures. Academ Arena 2015;7(10):57-108]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 16. doi:10.7537/marsaaj071015.16.

 

Keywords: cancer; life; cell; medicine; biology; smoke

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16

The articles in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review starting from October 25, 2015. 

All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net

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