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Science Journal

 

Academia Arena

 学术争鸣

ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online), doi prefix:10.7537, Monthly

Volume 8 - Number 10 (Cumulated No. 88), October 25, 2016

Cover (pdf), Cover (jpg), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, All papers in one file

 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Results Of Research On Cosmology

 

Gangadhara Rao Irlapati

 

H.No.5-30-4/1, Saibaba Nagar, Jeedimetla, Hyderabad – 500 055, Telangana State, INDIA

Email ID: scientistgangadhar@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Cosmology is the study of the origin, evolution, mature and structure and other eventual fate of the universe, Physical cosmology is the study of the largest scale structure and dynamics of the universe.  I have conducted many researches in the field of cosmology and invented some related discoveries & inventions which may also be useful in understanding the extent of the use of cosmology.

[Gangadhara Rao Irlapati. Results Of Research On Cosmology. Academ Arena 2016;8(10):1-26]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 1. doi:10.7537/marsaaj081016.01.

 

Key Words: Universe, ascending order of creation, descending order of creation.

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2

A study on Order Statistics from Nonidentically Distributed Kumaraswamy Variables

 

Z. AL-Saiary

 

Department of Statistics, College of Science, King Abdulaziz University

zakeia@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: In this work I dedused the moments of order statistics of independent nonidentically (inid) distributed Kumaraswamy random variables. Numerical calculations for different values of the parameters from this distribution are given. I computed the first two moments and the variance of the second order statistics of sample size n = 3. The last order statistics of sample size n = 2 in the presence of multiple outliers are obtained. All calculations are tabulated. Graphs of pdf, cdf for the rth (inid) order statistics are found.

[Z. AL-Saiary. A study on Order Statistics from Nonidentically Distributed Kumaraswamy Variables. Academ Arena 2016;8(10):27-32]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 2. doi:10.7537/marsaaj081016.02.

 

Key words: Order statistics, Moments, non-identically distributed, Kumaraswamy distribution.

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3

Analysis of Poultry Farmers Perception of Farm Credit in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria.

 

1Tasie, C.M., 2 Ejiogu, A.O. and 1Wariboko, O.N.

 

1Department of Agricultural Science, Faculty of Vocational and Technical Education, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

2Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.

Phone: +2348038726818; Email - tasiecm@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The study examined poultry farmers’ perception of Farm credit in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers state, Nigeria. Primary data were collected through the use of a structured response type of questionnaire from 60 livestock farmers’ randomly selected. Secondary data were sourced from published and unpublished literature. The study revealed that majority of the poultry farmers in the study area are males (60%) and that most of the poultry farmers are between the ages of 40 – 49, with average age of the poultry farmers as 42.40 years. Also, most of the farmers in the study area are educated. 51.7% of them had acquired tertiary education. The study also showed that 68.3% of the poultry are married and that 85% of the poultry farmers had above 5 years experience in poultry farming. The Likert scale was used to measure the perception of farmers’ towards farm credit. The study revealed that poultry farmers’ in the study area have a positive attitude towards agricultural credit. The poultry farmers’ agreed that agricultural credit will help them in increasing their farm output and income and help in the adoption of agricultural innovation and transformation of the poultry business. Therefore, it is recommended that all agencies (private and public; local and international) involved in credit delivery should extend easy and cheap farm credit facilities to poultry farmers in Obio/Akpor L.G.A.

[Tasie, C.M., Ejiogu, A.O. and Wariboko, O.N. Analysis of Poultry Farmers Perception of Farm Credit in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. Academ Arena 2016;8(10):33-37]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 3. doi:10.7537/marsaaj081016.03.

 

Keywords: Perception, poultry, farm credit, farmers, Obio/Akpor

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4

Comparative fishing trials of pot and ring traps for catching blue crab in Elechi Creek, Nigeria.

 

Eyo Ambrose* and Isangedighi Isangedighi

 

Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Environmental Management, University of Uyo, PMB 107, Uyo Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author, E-mail: eyo.ambrose@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Comparative fishing trials of a newly developed pot with ring trap for catching blue crab, Callinectes amnicola species was carried out in Elechi creek, Rivers State of Nigeria. The newly developed pot trap has a conical shape, broadened at the base (43.5cm) and tapers at the top (30cm). The mouth aperture (15cm) is a plastic collar recessed in the entrance. The trap is covered by polyamide netting. The metal frames are galvanized iron and are made into four hoops. The ring trap is a bag of netting attached to an iron rim. Fishing trials were conducted from January to December, 2015. Fifteen replicate landings were obtained from both gears for analysis. Comparative field evaluation of the two crab fishing gears showed that the ring net trap caught more crab (16.339kg) than the pot trap (3.5309kg). T-test paired comparison detected a significant (P< 0.01) difference in the weight of crab landed by pot rap and ring net. Test of significant using ANOVA showed that there is no difference in the weight of crab caught between soaked period of 5 to 30minutes in both ring trap and pot trap (F-test, p> 0.05, 0.01). Ring net and pot trap soaked for a period of 10minutes caught more crab respectively 3.8576kg and 0.8446kg than all other soak periods. The least weight of crab from ring net and pot trap were 1.5562kg and 0.2591kg caught respectively at a soaked periods of 30minute and 15minutes.

[Eyo Ambrose and Isangedighi Isangedighi. Comparative fishing trials of pot and ring traps for catching blue crab in Elechi Creek, Nigeria. Academ Arena 2016;8(10):38-42]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 4. doi:10.7537/marsaaj081016.04.

 

Key words: Traps, Blue crab, Creek, Nigeria.

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5

Fermat Last Theorem was Proved in 1991

 

Jiang Chunxuan (蒋春暄)

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China (蒋春暄,北京3924信箱,100854)

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com, jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: We found out a new method for proving Fermat last theorem (FLT) on the afternoon of October 25, 1991. We proved FLT at one stroke for all prime exponents , It led to the discovery to calculate . To this date, no one disprove this proof. Anyone can not deny it, because it is a simple and marvelous proof. It can fit in the margin of Fermat book.

[Jiang, Chun-xuan. Fermat Last Theorem was Proved in 1991. Academ Arena 2016;8(10):43-47]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 5. doi:10.7537/marsaaj081016.05.

 

Keywords: Fermat last theorem (FLT); prime exponent; margin

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6

现代物理学基础的思考之四————《广义相对论的思考》

 

李学生 (Li Xuesheng)

 

山东大学副教授,理论物理教师, 中国管理科学院学术委员会特约研究员, 北京相对论研究联谊会会员,中国民主同盟盟员

xiandaiwulixue@21cn.com, 1922538071@qq.com

 

摘要 (Abstract): 广义相对论的发展,在很大程度上取决于引力场方程的解和它们的物理解释.因此,引力场方程的严格解是爱因斯坦引力理论的重要内容.一般来说,只要给出一个严格解,就会预言一系列新的引力效应,但由于数学上的复杂性,获得引力场方程的严格解是非常艰难的.自广义相对论问世以来,我们只获得十几个既有明显物理意义,又有明显形式的严格解.其中第一个严格解是著名数学家、天文学家K Schwarzschild1916年求得出.此解的唯一性于1967年由W Israel给出.

[李学生 (Li Xuesheng). 现代物理学基础的思考之四————《广义相对论的思考》. Academ Arena 2016;8(10):48-67]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 6. doi:10.7537/marsaaj081016.06.

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7

 [形象思维][理性思维]—中西方文化文明的优劣对比

 

张洞生

 

恩格斯一個民族如要站在科學的最高峰, 一刻也不能沒有理論思維。

黑格尔:我首先要求諸君信任科學,相信理性,信任自己,并相信自己。

 

<前言>:一大族群人们的生活方式和行为方式包括风俗习惯长期反映到其圣贤和大学者们的脑子中,就形成其某些较固定(惯性)的思维方(模)式,而这些思维模式就会成为该族群文化文明的骨干和基因,而流传至今。所以不同的思维方(模)式形成了不同文化文明的骨干和基因。世界已经开始进入全球化时代,各种文化文明在开始融合,但是仍然存在着文明的激烈冲突,因为要将不同文化文明的基因嫁接成功,也许需要200年以上的时间。[形象思维][理性思维]2种大不相同的思维方式。中国古代文化注重于[形象思维],而来源于古希腊文化的西方文化注重于[理性思维][形象思维]主要追求‘善’和‘美’,而忽视追求‘真’,不求‘真’的‘善’和‘美’,就很难达成‘真善’和‘真美’,而易走偏为‘伪善’和‘装美’;[理性思维]是在追求‘真’的基础上,再进一步追求‘善’和‘美’,就比较容易达成‘真善’和‘真美’。因此,西方文化中的[理性思维]基因是‘优于和强于’中国文化的[形象思维]基因的。产生这些重大差异的根源在于中国与希腊的地理环境是大不相同的,古代生产极不发达,人们只能‘靠山吃山靠水吃水’,其生活行为和文化思想只能为所处的天时地理环境所限制,他们的劳作和生活方式是学者们思想和文化的根源,是形成他们[思维模式]基因的根源。

[张洞生. [形象思维][理性思维]—中西方文化文明的优劣对比. Academ Arena 2016;8(10):68-72]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 7. doi:10.7537/marsaaj081016.07.

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8

The Effect of Phytoestrogens as Endocrine Disruptors

 

Akpenuchi C. Wekhe, Udeme J. Ogoloma, Piriye C. Abraham, Precious A. Enyeribe

 

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, School of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt Polytechnic Rumuola, P.M.B. 5639, Port Harcourt, Rivers State

chiomaakpenuchi@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Health effects attributed to endocrine disrupting compounds include a range of reproductive problems (reduced fertility, male and female reproductive tract abnormalities, and skewed male/female sex ratios, loss of fetus, menstrual problems), changes in hormone levels; early puberty; brain and behavior problems; impaired immune functions; and various cancers. Human exposure may cause some health effects, such as lower IQ and adult obesity. These effects may lead to lost productivity, disability, or premature death in some people. The health effects from endocrine disruptors (EDs) will depend on the specific endocrine disruptors (EDs) involved, the level of exposure, the time course of exposure (hours, days, and years) and the underlying health status of the exposed individual. The key to good health is avoiding as much as we can the ingestion of estrogen containing substances (phytoestrogens) and other endocrine disruptors (EDs) in our environment.

[Wekhe, A. C., Ogoloma, U. J., Abraham, P. C. and Enyeribe, P. A. The Effect of Phytoestrogens as Endocrine Disruptors. Academ Arena 2016;8(10):73-80]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 8. doi:10.7537/marsaaj081016.08.

 

Keyword: endocrine, health effects, phytoestrogens, endocrine disruptors, premature death.

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9

Profile of buccal mucosa carcinoma patients in Regional cancer centre, Tamilnadu, India

 

Ramasamy Padma, Paulraj Sathish, Sivapatham Sundaresan*

 

Medical Research Centre, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Kattankulathur, Tamilnadu, India.

Email ID: drpadmaramphd@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: Oral cancer is sixth most cancers in worldwide. In developing countries, a high proportion of incidences from lower socioeconomic classes. Among all oral subsites, buccal mucosa carcinoma is common form due to the widespread use of tobacco in different form. Hence, the study aim was to analyse buccal mucosa carcinoma patient’s profile. Materials and Methods: The cross sectional study was conducted in Arignar anna memorial cancer hospital and research centre, Kanchipuram, Tamilnadu from 2013-2015. Sociodemographic, economic and their habits details were collected by direct interview. Results: A total 198 buccal mucosa carcinoma subjects comprise 125(63.1%) of male and 73(36.9%) of female participant in 1.7:1. The mean age of the subjects was 54.1617.25 years; majority of the subjects 64 (32%) were in the age range of <60-79 years and 19(9.6%) were young adults who were <40yrs of age groups. In the present study, most of subjects 124 (63%) were from lower socioeconomic classes, who were more likely to chew tobacco, smoke bidi and drink alcohol because of illiterate, unemployment and ignorance. Of 198 subjects, 117(59.09%) had individual risk habits of smokeless tobacco, pan, areca nut chewing, smoking and alcohol consumption, 78(39.39%) were multihabituated and three subjects 3(1.53%) were no habituated. Conclusion: The present study concluded that male predominant than females and 98.48% subjects were risk habitual in different form. However, further studies need to find hidden risk factor for non-habitual and also need to bring social awareness of risk habits through the education, camp and media programs, especially for lower socioeconomic people.

[Ramasamy Padma, Paulraj Sathish, Sivapatham Sundaresan. Profile of buccal mucosa carcinoma patients in Regional cancer centre, Tamilnadu, India. Academ Arena 2016;8(10):81-86]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 9. doi:10.7537/marsaaj081016.09.

 

Keywords: Oral cancer, Risk habits, Age, Scioeconomic status, Smoking, Pan chewing

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10

Teacher Effectiveness In Relation to Emotional Intelligence of Effective and Ineffective High School Teachers

 

Gawher Ahmad Bhat*, Gulshan wani**

 

*Research Scholar, Faculty of Education, University of Kashmir

**Asst. Prof. Faculty of Education, University of Kashmir

 

Abstract: The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between Emotional intelligence and teacher effectiveness of High School Teachers in Kashmir Province. systematic random sampling method was used to select samples from 200 high school teachers of Government Schools in Kashmir valley and survey method was used to collect data by administering Anukool Hyde, Sanjyot Pethe and Upinder Dhar Emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS. 2001) and Teacher Effectiveness Scale Nadeem N. A. (TES. 1993) with personal data sheet and the data were analyzed using mean, SD and t-test methods. the findings revealed that t a significant difference has been found between effective and ineffective teachers on factors Self –Awareness, Empathy, Self-motivation, Emotional stability Managing Relations, Self-Development and Commitment of emotional intelligence.

[Gawher Ahmad Bhat Gulshan wani. Teacher Effectiveness In Relation to Emotional Intelligence of Effective and Ineffective High School Teachers. Academ Arena 2016;8(10):87-94]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 10. doi:10.7537/marsaaj081016.10.

 

Keywords; Teacher effectiveness, Emotional Intelligence and High School Teachers

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11

The effect of anxiety on the speaking A case study on EFL learners

 

Mojtaba Aghajani* (PhD candidate), Mostafa Naraghi Zadeh, (PhD candidate) Hassan Ali Beiglou (PhD candidate)

 

Khatam Al-Anbia University

Malayer Islamic Azad University

Email: Mojtaba_aghajani45@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The study is aimed to investigate the relationship between students’ anxiety and their speaking. To this end, 37 upper-intermediate adult (male and female) EFL learners were chosen through convenience sampling. A speaking test was administered which were scored from 0 to 10 and then answered a 33-item 5-point Likert scale FLCAS questionnaire. The results of the study indicated that there is a significant negative relationship between students’ anxiety and their communication performance. Consequently, it could be concluded that (high) anxiety was effective (negatively) in the performance of students.

[Mojtaba Aghajani, Mostafa Naraghi Zadeh, Hassan Ali Beiglou. The effect of anxiety on the speaking A case study on EFL learners. Academ Arena 2016;8(10):95-102]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 11. doi:10.7537/marsaaj081016.11.

 

Index terms: EFL, Anxiety, speaking

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The articles in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review starting from October 11, 2016. 

All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net

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