Nature and Science
Volume 10 - Number 07 (Cumulated No. 64), 25, 2012, Monthly
Cover (online), Cover (print), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, ns1007
To get doc file: After you open the "Full Text" for each article, change the last 3 characters of the web address from .pdf to .doc
Welcome to send your manuscript(s) to: email@example.com.
Titles / Abstracts / Authors
Postdoctoral job position in life science
lesions in HIV Infected Patients in Abakaliki, Ebonyi State,
.E.S, 2Nwakpu K.O, 2Ngwu .B.A.F, 3Egwu
A.N and 4Ononiwu, C.E
School of Science,
Federal University of
Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
of Medical Microbiology,
Faculty of Clinical
Ebonyi State University Teaching
Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
of Applied Science, 4 Department of Dental
Federal School of Dental
Technology and Therapy,
Enugu, Enugu State,
Oral manifestations of HIV have been described as an important
component of AIDS and possible indication of progression. This
study investigated the common Oral lesions among HIV positive
and negative patients in Abakaliki using dental instruments. A
total of seventy (70) positive and seventy (70) negative HIV
screened patients attending Ebonyi State University Teaching
Hospital, Abakaliki, were examined using Mouth Mirror, Dental
probe and College tweezers. It was shown that Oral Candidiasis
(22.9%) was the most common Oral manifestation among HIV
positive patients in Abakaliki. This was followed by Acute
necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis-Anug (17.1%), Herpes Zoster
(17.1%), Tuberculus Ulcer (12.9%), Kaposis Sarcoma (8.6%), Hairy
Leukoplakia (7.1%), Necrotizing ulcerative peridontitis-Nup
(7.1%) and Non Hodgkin Lymphoma (2.9%). Further investigations
showed that Pseudomembraneous candidiasis; Erythematous
candidiasis, Hairy leukoplekia and Non Hodgkin lymphoma were
altogether completely absent from all the HIV negative patients
examined. It was further shown that the pattern of oral
manifestation among the HIV positive patients with respect to
Sex, Age, Marital status, Occupational and Educational status
were varied. However, there was evidence of reduced prevalence
of oral lesions among the HIV positive patients on highly Active
Anti Retroviral Therapy (HAART) compared with their counterpart
not on HAART. Incorporation of oral examination into the routine
medical check up of HIV/AIDS patient is hereby suggested.
ES, Nwakpu KO, Ngwu BAF, Egwu CA,
Aballa AN and Ononiwu, CE.
Oral lesions in HIV Infected Patients in Abakaliki, Ebonyi
2012;10(7):1-5]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
Using Remote Sensing
Technologies and Sex Pheromone Traps for Prediction of the Pink
Bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saund.), Annual Field
Yones, M. S. (1);
Dahi, H. F. (2);Abdel Rahman, H. A. (3);
Abou Hadid A. F. (4) and Arafat, S. M. (1)
National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences
(NARSS). Elnozha Elgedida, Cairo, Egypt
Department of Cotton Leafworm Plant Protection Research
Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Egypt
Department of Entomology, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams
Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams
The present study was
carried out at Qaha Research Station (Plant Protection Research
Institute), Qaluobya Governorate, during 2009 and 2010 cotton
seasons. Under field condition the number of generations, their
peaks and durations were computed through baited sex pheromone
traps and accumulated temperature degree days derived from
satellite images. The obtained data obtained in this work showed
that the pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella, had
four generations on cotton plants during the period from May 1st
to September 30th, in addition to overwintering
generation, when the moths emerged during May from diapaused
larvae. The predicted peaks of generations could be detected
when the accumulated thermal units reached 499.71 degree days
(dd's). The males of the suicidal
generation reached the real and predicted peaks at the
same time (during May for the two investigated seasons). The
predicted peaks for the other four generations were detected
earlier or later +4 to -3 days than the observed peaks. The
expected peaks and the corresponding expected generations for
the pink bollworm could be helpful to design the IPM control
M. S.; Dahi, H. F. ; Abdel Rahman, H. A.; Abou Hadid
A. F. and Arafat, S. M.
Using Remote Sensing Technologies and Sex Pheromone Traps for
Prediction of the Pink Bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella
(Saund.), Annual Field Generations.
Nat Sci 2012;10(7):6-10]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
Caesarean section scar defects:
Taiseer M M; Nahed E
Hanaa Abd EL
Hamid El Ebeissy
Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine,
Al-Azhar University, for Girls, Cairo, Egypt
to find the correlation between the presence of CS scar defect
diagnosed by TV US and the incidence of clinical manifestation
of the patients. Patients & methods. Prospective cross
sectional clinical study was done on 40 patients in the out-
patient clinic of Alzhraa University Hospital from the period
of February 2010 to September 2011. All the patients with
history of at least one CS complained of any gynaecologic
complains (IUB, chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhoea ,dysparunia
or unexplained infertility) were subjected to TVUS
.Uterine size, position, and scar
defect parameters as depth, width, and thickness of overlying
myometrium were recorded. Results: The mean age of the
patients had undergone 3 C.S,15 had undergone 2 C.S & 8had
undergone one C.S. 15% of patients had history of vaginal
delivery. 22.5% of study group had undergone emergency C.S. most
of them were complaining of post-menstrual spotting (60%), 27.5%
were complaining of chronic pelvic pain and 12.5% with
dysmenorrhoea.RVF uterus was diagnosed in 15% of patients. There
was no statistical significant difference between emergency and
elective C.S as regard defect parameters. In cases of RVF uteri
there was statistical significant decrease in defect depth in
comparison to AVF uteri, also myometrial thickness overlying
scar was less in RVF uteri although it was not statistically
significant. The myometrial thickness overlying the scar showed
statistical significant difference in case of patients with
history of vaginal delivery. Defect depth and myometrial
thickness overlying the scar showed statistical significant
difference in patients with postmenstrual spotting .Defect
depth and width showed statistical significant increase in
patients with history of 2 or more C.S. Conclusion
: Factors that were associated
with deficient scars: history of multiple
Cesarean sections; uterine retroflexion; post-menstrual spotting,chronic pelvic pain and infertility. As the incidence
of CS is increasing across the world, this disorder therefore
warrants close attention.
M M, Nahed E Allam and Hanaa Abd El Hamid El Ebeissy.
Caesarean section scar defects: clinical manifestations.
2012;10(7):11-17]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
Diagnosis of Familial Mediterranean fever Among Subjects from
Mahmoud El Sayed1 and
Badr Al Jarallah2
Departments of Biochemistry1
& Internal Medicine2, College of
Medicine, Al Qassim University,
Abstract: This project was conducted
to study Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) which is an
autosomal recessive condition that primarily affect population
of the Mediterranean basin , If undiagnosed effectively and
treated with colchicine for life it may lead to serious
consequences in terms of renal amyloidosis and renal failure .
We aim to check for the presence of FMF mutations among
clinically suspected cases among Saudi subjects in Al-Qassim
region by PCR technique, also as an important step for family
counseling and case management. The study is a pilot study to
check for the presence of FMF mutations among suspected cases
(24 cases) from Saudi subjects in Al Qassim region, The control
subjects (7) were selected
from healthy volunteers. We examined FMF mutations by PCR
technique for MEFV gene analysis in order to establish a
diagnosis of FMF by examining two common mutations, M694V and
E148Q.. We found 8.3 % of cohort are positive for M694V mutation
, and all cohort are negative for E148Q mutation . Moreover we
found no correlation between clinical severity of the disease
phenotype and the nature of the mutation. So genetic counseling
by PCR technique provides a rapid, reliable, cost-effective,
noninvasive, and sensitive test for establishing a diagnosis of
FMF in symptomatic patients & also provides a rational basis for
medical and genetic counseling and of FMF patients and their
El Sayed and Badr Al Jarallah. Molecular Diagnosis of
Familial Mediterranean Fever Among Subjects From Al-Qassim.
Nat Sci 2012;10(7):18-25]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
Supplementation Alters Beta Amyloid Levels in Brain Cells, Liver
and kidney Functions?
Nada A. Abd El Aty;Hoda S.
Ibrahim and Reham S. Ramadan
Nutrition and Food Science
Department, Faculty of Home EconomicsHelwan University
present study was carried out to investigate the effect of
methionine supplementation on beta amyloid levels in brain
cells, liver and kidney functions, serum levels of zinc and iron
as well as histopathological changes of some organs. Fifty
adult male of Sprague – Dawley strain rats (160 ± 5 g) were
used. Rats were divided into 5 groups, (10 each) the negative
control group was fed on basal diet, while the positive control
was fed on basal diet with substitution of casein with
methionine. The other groups from 3 to 5 were fed on the basal
diet supplemented with (1%, 2% and 4% )methionine. Results of
this study revealed that feeding diet with methionine at the
highest two levels had significant increase in serum levels of
beta amyloid(60.42 ± 8.32 N/ml and 72.36 ± 12.06 N/ml,
respectively) compared to the positive control group (53.66 ±
8.52 N/ml). The highest level of methionine in the diet had
significant increase in beta amyloid concentration in brain
compared with control groups .However, diet supplemented with
methionine 1%, 2% and 4% had significant decrease in serum
levels of zinc and iron compared to the positive control
group. Also, feeding methionine at concentrations of 1% and 4%
caused significant reduction in serum levels of GPT whereas, 2%
methionine had no significant change(30.44 ± 2.93 U/m) compared
to the positive control group (27.95 ± 8.62 U/m). Feeding
methionine at the three tested levels caused significant
reduction in serum levels of GOT compared to rats fed on 15%
methionine (positive control group). Concerning uric acid and
urea nitrogen concentrations in the blood, rats fed methionine
at any levels of intake showed significant decrease compared to
the positive control group. Methionine in the diet caused
histopathological changes in brain and kidneys. This study
suggests that protein consumption should be upon recommendations
since it has deleterious effects on organs and brain also,
nutrition education program should be carried out to the public.
[Nada A. Abd El Aty;Hoda S. Ibrahim and Reham S. Ramadan Does
Methionine Supplementation Alters Beta Amyloid Levels in Brain
Cells, Liver and kidney Functions?
2012;10(7):26-36]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
INVITRO CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY OF SOME MEDICINALPLANTS USED IN
TRADITIONAL MEDICINE FOR BREAST CANCER MANAGEMENT
IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA
Oloyede, A.M*1, 2,
Okpuzor, J2. Omidiji, O.O2.
Nwosuh, C.I3. and Nwakiti, O.O3.
of Biological Sciences, Redeemer’s University, Redemption City,
of Cell Biology and Genetics, University of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba,
Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Jos, Plateau State.
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Tel: 08034747635
Joloo is a traditional herbal formulation used in the management
of tumour of the breast in southwestern Nigeria.
This study was
conducted to assess the cytotoxic and antiproliferative effects
of the seven individual plants used in the preparation of Joloo
and five fractionated portions of Joloo (Chlorophorm, Hexane,
Ethyl-acetate, Butanol and Water) for its safety and antitumour
potentials on two cell lines. MTT assay was used to evaluated the cytotoxic and apoptotic
activities of the
plants used in the preparation of Joloo as well as five
fractionated portions of Joloo formulation (Chlorophorm, Hexane,
Ethyl-acetate, Butanol and Water)
using three concentrations (1.0, 2.5, and 5.0 mg/ml) on VERO and
In this study different solvent systems of Joloo caused
significant apoptosis especially at 2.5 and 5.0mg/ml in VERO and
CEF cell lines, with IC50 ranges from 2.8-9.8 and
6.5-14.8 mg ml-1 respectively, implying that VERO was
more susceptible to cytotoxicity than CEF cell .
A.ascalonicum, water and chloroform fractions exhibited the
strongest cytotoxicity on the VERO cells than others, whereas
water fractions and S. longepedunculata were the most
potent in the CEF cells. However, T. tetraptera and
chloroform fraction caused cell death at all the concentrations
used in both cells.Based
on the fact that Joloo exhibited mild cytotoxicity on the cells
as observed in the high concentration required for IC50,
and was selective in its activities having high potency on VERO
cells than CEF. This may be responsible for its selective effect
on breast tumours, thereby justifying its traditional
AM, Okpuzor J, Omidiji OO, Nwosuh CI and Nwakiti OO.
INVITRO CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY OF SOME MEDICINALPLANTS USED IN
TRADITIONAL MEDICINE FOR BREAST CANCER MANAGEMENT IN
2012;10(7):37-42]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
EVALUATION OF THE ANTIMICROBIAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF
A HERBAL PREPARATION
Oloyede, A.M*1, 2, Aduramigba-Modupe3, A.O1,
of Biological Sciences, Redeemer’s University, PMB 3005,
Redemption City, Ogun State, Nigeria
Cell Biology and Genetics, University of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba,
Lagos State Nigeria
microbiology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria
Joloo is a
herbal preparation locally used in the management of breast tumour in southwestern Nigeria. This study was conducted to
evaluate the antimicrobial and phytochemical properties of the
formulation. The organisms implored in this study include
Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli (ATCC 12900),
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Shigellia dysenteriae, Proteus
vulgari, Yersinia enterocolitica, and
Salmonella typhi and fungi (Aspergillus niger,
Trichoderma Spp, Rhizopus Spp and colletotrichum
gloeosporioides). The antimicrobial screening of Joloo was
carried out invitro in three different concentrations (500mg/ml,
1000mg/ml and 1500mg/ml) against standard broad spectrum
antibacterial (Amoxicillin) and antifungal (fluconazole) as
control using the agar well dilution method. The standard
qualitative analysis method was used for the phytochemical
screening. The study revealed that Joloo inhibited P.vulgari,
Y.enterocolitica, E. coli, P. aeruginosa, S. dysenteriae and
S. typhi with 20, 15, 14, 13, 12, and 10mm respectively.
However Klebsiella pneumonia was resistant to the
preparation. Joloo also inhibited Aspergillus niger,
Trichoderma Spp, and Rhizopus Spp with 14, 8 and 7mm
respectively while colletotrichum gloeosporioides was
resistant to Joloo. The MIC observed for all the organisms
inhibited was 500mg/ml. Phytochemical screening confirmed the
presence of alkaloids, saponins, terpenoids, tannins,
phlobatannins, cardenolides, flavonoids, phenols and free and
bonded anthraquinones. Cyanogenetic glycosides were absent in
the formulation. Sequel to these findings, it implies that Joloo
is antimicrobial and posses different important constituents
that can be beneficial in the development of new drug leads in
the fight against pathogenic microbes, thereby justifying its
[Oloyede, A.M, Aduramigba-Modupe, A.O, Efem I.K.
EVALUATION OF THE ANTIMICROBIAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF
A HERBAL PREPARATION.
2012;10(7):43-48]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
2012;10(7):49-57]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
Biological Screening for Some
Newly Synthesized Pyrazolo[3,4-d]Pyrimidine Derivatives
Zeinab Y. Ali
1*, Sawsan A. Mohamed 2, Mastoura M.
Department of Biochemistry, National Organization for Drug
Control and Research (NODCAR), Giza, Egypt.
Department of Physiology, National Organization for Drug Control
and Research (NODCAR), Giza 12311, Egypt
Department of Organic Chemistry, National Organization for Drug
Control and Research (NODCAR), Giza 12311, Egypt, Current
address: King Khalid University, Faculty of Science, Chemistry
P.O. Box 9004, ABHA, KSA
In recent years, pyrazole and
pyrimidine derivatives attracted organic chemists due to their
widespread potential biological and chemotherapeutic activities.
In this study, three novel pyrazolo[3,4-d] pyrimidine
derivatives namely 4-(2-(furan-2-ylmethylene)hydrazinyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine-6(7H)-thione,
6-(Benzylthio)-4-(2-(thiophen-2-ylmethylene) hydrazinyl) -1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]
respectively were synthesized through different reactions of
5-Amino-1H-pyrazole-4-carbonitrile. Biological screening
was designed to investigate their acute toxicity value,
antioxidant potential and their ability to inhibit deoxyribose
degradation, protein oxidation, lipid peroxidation (LPO) and
xanthine oxidase (XOD) as well as, for their analgesic,
antipyretic and anti-inflammatory activities. The results
revealed that their median lethal intraperitoneal doses (LD50)
in male mice were found to be 245.8, 241.7 and 233.3 mg/100g
b.w., respectively. The first compound (I) exhibited a good
antioxidant activity including 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl
(DPPH), superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide
free radicals scavenging potential and a
slightly more potent inhibitor to
protein oxidation, LPO and XOD. The second compound (II) showed
moderate activities while the third compound (III) was less
active. Furthermore, the three compounds revealed a remarkable
analgesic activity in acetic acid-induced writhing response,
appreciable antipyretic activity by Brewer’s yeast-induced
pyrexia and antiinflammatory activity reflected by their ability
to reduce the Brewer’s yeast- induced paw edema comparable to
[Zeinab Yousef Ali, Sawsan Ahmed Mohamed, Mastoura Mohamed
Biological Screening for Some Newly Synthesized Pyrazolo[3,4-d]Pyrimidine
2012;10(7):58-69]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
Emerging Multidrug Resistant Ampc Beta-Lactamase and
Carbapenamase Enteric Isolates in Abeokuta, Nigeria
Akinduti Paul Akinniyia*, Ejilude Oluwaseuna,
Motayo B.Ob, Adeyokinu A. Fb
Department of Medical Microbiology, Olabisi Onabanjo University,
Sagamu Campus, Nigeria.
Department of Pathology, Federal Medical Centre, Abeokuta,
of multidrug co-resistant AmpC β-Lactamase and Carbapenamase
Enteric Isolates in Abeokuta, Nigeria was investigated. A total
of 426 faecal samples was obtained
and tested for
ß-lactamases using Inhibitor based test method and carbapenamase
antibiotics susceptibility to various commonly used antibiotics
was evaluated accordingly.
Only 5(45.5%) express AmpC beta-lactamase among hospital
patients while 17/59(63.0%) from community residents.
Carbapenamase producing ESBL isolates among the hospital
patients shows 0.76% rate compare to 3.3% recorded among the
community residents. High resistant of 100% was recorded in some
enteric isolates such as Klebsiella spp, Pseudomonas
spp and Proteus spp to ampicillin while 81.0%, 67.5%
and 63.0% were resistant to ceftazidime, azithromycin and
Proliferation of multi-drug resistance AmpC beta-lactamase and
carbapenamse strains may become predominant in our
health care facilities and in the community as a result of the
indiscriminate use of antimicrobial agents and fecal carriage
among the people who serve as risk factor, and thereby making
formulation of public health guidelines unachievable.
Paul Akinniyi, Ejilude Oluwaseun, Motayo B.O, Adeyokinu A. F.
Emerging Multidrug Resistant Ampc Beta-Lactamase and
Carbapenamase Enteric Isolates in Abeokuta, Nigeria.
2012;10(7):70-74]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
The Non-hero of Postmodern Drama (i.e. absurd)
Art and Architecture, Sepidan Branch, Islamic Azad University,
The non-hero is the main person in new novel or drama and
his/her personality is very different from the characteristics
we used to attribute to main character or traditional hero in a
classical literature . In addition, we shouldn’t make mistake
between the opponent character, who was stand against the hero
in classical dramas, and the non- hero. Non- hero appears only
in postmodern and absurdist dramas. Instead of having qualities
such as magnanimity, power, dignity, and heroic characteristics,
he is an incompetent, abject, disgraceful and dishonest person.
This non-hero perhaps is similar much to Nietzsche's Superman or
a man who is thrown to a corner of universe introduced by
[Yousef Afarini. The Non-hero of Postmodern Drama
(i.e. absurd). Nat Sci
2012;10(7):75-77]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
Field Performance for
Genetically Modified Egyptian Cotton Varieties (Bt
an Insecticidal- Proteins
Cry 1Ac and Cry 2Ab Against Cotton Bollworms
Hassan Farag Dahi
Plant Protection Research
Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
The present study is the
first attempt in Egypt which devoted to evaluate the
field performance of some
Egyptian cotton varieties
L. (Giza 80, Giza 90 and Giza 89) which genetically modified by
Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) genes against
bollworms, pink bollworm Pectinophora gossypiella and
spiny bollworm Earias insulana. However, no variety of
Bt cotton has yet been approved for commercial planting in
Egypt. This work was conducted on three Egyptian cotton
varieties (Giza 80, 90 and 89) in which were Genetically
Modified (GM) by transfer tow genes (Cry
1Ac and Cry 2Ab) from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)
to the American cotton
by the gene particle
gun, then transfer those tow genes to the three
Egyptian cotton varieties by crossing between the
American cotton and the
Egyptian cotton varieties. Cotton
bollworms P. gossypiella and E. insulana belong to
the order Lepidoptera and therefore are sensitive to Bt
Cry I Ac
and Cry II Ab proteins, which are specific to them. The maximum
percent of bollworms infestation during 2011 cotton season for
Giza 80 were 2.0 and 22.0 % by P. gossypiella for
Bt cotton and non Bt, respectively, and for E.
insulana the maximum percent reached 1.0 and 90.0 % for
Bt cotton and non Bt, respectively. For Giza 90, the
maximum percent were 1.0 and 21.0 % by P. gossypiella
for Bt cotton and non Bt , respectively and for
E. insulana the maximum percent reached 2.0 and 82.0 %
for Bt cotton and non Bt, respectively. For Giza
89, the maximum percent were 1.0 and 14.0 % by P.
gossypiella for Bt cotton and non Bt,
respectively, and for E. insulana the maximum percent
reached 1.0 and 32.0 % for Bt cotton and non Bt,
respectively. On the other hand, the artificial infestation for
the three cotton varieties by the P. gossypiella and
E. insulana neonate larvae at laboratory cleared that the
infestation % was 0.0 % for Giza 80, 90 and 89 Bt
progenies compared to 76 – 100 % for Giza 80, 90 and 89 non
Bt varieties. These attempts were elucidate to rationalize
the using of insecticides via IPM program on cotton crop in
F. Dahi Field Performance for Genetically Modified Egyptian
Cotton Varieties (Bt Cotton) Expressing
Cry 1Ac and Cry 2Ab Against Cotton Bollworms.
2012;10(7):78-85]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
Genetically modified cotton;
cotton; Insecticidal proteins; Cry1Ac; Cry 2Ab; Bollworms
and Earias insulana.
AVIAN BIODIVERSITY IN AND AROUND MAJOR WETLANDS OF “LOWER
SHIVALIK FOOTHILLS” (INDIA)
Girish Chopra1 and Sanjeev Kamal Sharma2
Zoology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra-136119, India.
avifauna was studied in and around three major wetlands of
“Lower Shivalik Foothills” in India, i.e., two lakes in
the offshoots of Morni hills at Tikkar Tal, in district
Panchkula (Haryana) and one lake at Shri Renuka ji in district
Sirmour (Himachal Pradesh), from December 2009 to December 2010.
A total of 88 bird species were observed which belonged to 17
orders and 32 families. Of the 88 bird species, 22 species were
water birds and 66 were terrestrial species. Maximum, i.e., 35
(40%) species belonged to order Passeriformes. As many as 21
(24%) bird species were migratory. Of the 21 recorded migratory
bird species, 13 (62%) were local migrants and 8 (38%) were
winter visitors. Immigrations were mostly observed in the months
of November and December, and the emigrations were recorded in
late January and February months. Based on the frequency of
their sightings during the field visits, 37 (42%) were
designated as abundant, 30 (34%) common, 18 (21%) occasional and
3 (3%) as rare species.
[Girish Chopra and Sanjeev Kamal
biodiversity in and around major wetlands of “lower shivalik
Nat Sci 2012;10(7):86-93]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
Wetlands, Migratory, Immigrations, Emigrations.
A Comparative Study of Extreme Groups of Delinquency Proneness, on
the Non-Verbal Dimensions of Creativity – in Kashmir Region
Prof. Neelofar Khan1, N.A.Gash2
Directorate of Distance Education, University of Kashmir.
Scholar, Department of Education, University of Kashmir.
The study was conducted on the titled topic, “A Comparative
Study of Extreme Groups of Delinquency Proneness, on the
Non-Verbal Dimensions of Creativity – in Kashmir Region”. The
extreme high and low delinquency prone adolescent groups were
identified, then to compare these two extreme groups on the
various dimensions of non-verbal creativity, i.e, Elaboration
and Originality. The N=100 adolescent subjects were drawn
randomly, Lidhoo`s delinquency proneness scale and Baqer Mehdi`s
non verbal tool of creativity were administered. The extreme
group technique was utilized to categorize high and low
delinquency prone groups. These groups were compared on the
various dimensions of non-verbal creativity by using required
statistical technique viz, Mean, S.D and t-value respectively,
to find out the final results of the study.
The result of the said study revealed that the high and low
delinquency prone adolescents shows no significant difference on
the originality dimension of non-verbal creativity, were as the
elaboration dimension shows significant difference between high
and low delinquently prone adolescent groups. Also the high
delinquency prone group on sexwise comparision on elaboration
shows significant difference, were as the same group on sexwise
comparison on originality does not differ significantly. The
same result were obtained from the low delinquency prone group
on sexwise comparison, on elaboration shows significant
difference, were as the same group on sexwise comparison on
originality does not differ significantly.
[Neelofar Khan, N.A.Gash.
A Comparative Study of Extreme Groups of Delinquency Proneness,
on the Non-Verbal Dimensions of Creativity – in Kashmir Region.
Nat Sci 2012;10(7):94-98]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
Delinquency prone Adolescents, Extreme groups, Non-Verbal
Creativity, Elaboration, Originality
Production of Pectinase Enzymes system in culture filtrates of
Penicillium variabile Sopp
Oluitiola PO2, Olawale AK3,
Odu NN4, Okonko IO4
of Microbiology, Lead City University, Ibadan, Nigeria
of Microbiology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun
of Applied Sciences, Osun State Polytechnics, Iree, Osun State,
of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, East-West Road,
PMB 5323; Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria;
variabile Sopp produced enzymes with
polygalacturonase, pectin transeliminase and pectin
methylesterase activity when grown in liquid culture media
containing pectic substances as sole carbon sources. The enzymes
were also present in infected cocoa bean tissues. Production of
pectinase enzymes by P. variabile was optimum at 30°C.
Optimum pH for pectin methylesterase and pectin transelimiñase
activities was best at pH 8.0 while polygalacturonase activity
was at pH 5.0. When the cultures were agitated, less cellulase
and pectinase enzymes were produced than when the cultures were
stationary. Production of pectin methylesterase appeared, at
least in part, to be constitutive, while polygalacturonase and
pectin transeliminase were inducible. The pectinase complex was
separated by molecular exclusion followed by ion exchange
chromatography, into four components.
Oluitiola PO, Olawale AK, Odu NN
IO. Production of
Pectinase Enzymes system in culture filtrates of Penicillium
Sci 2012;10(7):99-109]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
Penicillum variabile, cellulose, pectinase,
enzymes, molecular exclusion
Anemia, Iron Status and
Calcium-Phosphorus levels in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
Aida A.Mahmoud 1 and Mohamed A. Ismail 2
Department, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag Universit,
Department, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Egypt
The occurrence of anemia, iron status and calcium-phosphorus
levels were studied in 70 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.
Anemia was found in 52.8%
of the patients, 43.24 % of the anemic patients had iron
deficiency anemia (microcytic hypochromic anemia and decreased
serum iron and ferritin) and 56.76 % had anemia of chronic
disease (normocytic normochromic anemia and normal serum
ferritin level). Calcium/phosphorus ratio was found disturbed in
RA patients as compared to controls and more disturbed in anemic RA patients than RA without anemia.
A.Mahmoud and Mohamed A. Ismail. Anemia, Iron Status and
Calcium-Phosphorus levels in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients.
2012; 10(7): 110-114]. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
Anemia, Iron, Calcium,
Phosphorus, Rheumatoid Arthritis.
in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review
starting from May 5, 2012.
comments are welcome: email@example.com
For back issues of the Nature and Science, click