New York Science Journal
(N Y Sci J)
Volume 5 -
Number 7 (Cumulated No. 41); 25, 2012,
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Titles / Authors
Petrography, Geochemistry and Tectonic Setting of Mafic Rocks of
Southern Bela Ophiolite, Balochistan
Shahid Naseem1, Salma
Hamza2, Erum Bashir1, Syed Nayyer Ahsan3,
Shamim Ahmed Sheikh1
Department of Geology, University
of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan
Department of Geology, Federal
Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Karachi,
Company (Pvt.) Ltd,Bath Island, Muhammad Ali Bogra Road, Karachi
geochemical studies of the mafic rocks of southern part of Bela
Ophiolite (BO) is made to infer tectonic setting of the area.
The BO is the largest (~450km) and most complete
ophiolite in Pakistan, linked with Neotethyan ophiolitic
belt which extend from European Alps to Asia. Petrographically,
the majority of mafic rocks appeared as amygdaloidal and
vesicular porphyritic basalt. Large phenocryst of feldspar,
olivine, ortho- and clinopyroxene are present with in
fine-grained groundmass of nearly similar composition. Numerous
small needles of black opaque minerals are dispersed in the fine
groundmass. The petrographic study revealed two stages of
crystallization. In the first step, phenocrysts are formed while
in the second step, pillow basalt at MORB setting were
fractionate during the rapid cooling in cold seawater. Based on
TAS diagram, the rocks of the study area appear as basalts.
These rocks displayed tholeiitic characteristics and showed
metaluminous type of rocks. Trace element
assemblage of the studied rocks plots on various discrimination
diagrams as ocean floor tholeiite, initially formed at Mid-ocean
Ridge setting. The subsequent subduction phase generates SSZ
ophiolite, forming Island-Arc Tholeiite (IAT) and Back-Arc Basin
Naseem, Salma Hamza, Erum Bashir, Syed Nayyer Ahsan,
Shamim Ahmed Sheikh.
Petrography, Geochemistry and Tectonic Setting of Mafic Rocks of
Southern Bela Ophiolite, Balochistan.
N Y Sci J 2012;5(7):1-8].
mafic rocks, petrography, geochemistry, tectonic setting, Bela
Genetic Diversity of
Cultivated and wild-Type potatoes under Potato Spindle Tuber
Sherin Amin Mahfouze*1,
Khalid Abdel Fatah El-Dougdoug2, Osama Ezzat El-Sayed1,
Mostafa Ahmed Gomaa1 and
Esmat Khaled Allam2
and Cytology Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Division, National Research Center, Dokki, 12622, Egypt.
of Microbiology (Virology Laboratory), Faculty
of Agricultue, University of Ain Shams, Cairo, Egypt.
author: Email address:
cultivars and wild species are varying diversity in their
response to PSTVd infection. It was found that, all the
cultivated potatoes were susceptible to PSTVd infection except
(Draga and Spunta), (Hermes) and (Nicola) were tolerant,
hypersensitive and low resistant, respectively. On the other
hand, all wild species were tolerant except
and S. chacoense was
rather moderate resistant. Five of the RAPD and four ISSR
primers were used to detect DNA markers for PSTVd-resistant
among cultivated and wild potato species. These primers revealed
polymorphism depending on bands number and level of detectable
polymorphism of primers. Thus, the hypersensitive plants of
Hermes appeared (10), the tolerant plants of Draga showed (8)
markers with both of RAPD and ISSR, and the resistant plants of
Nicola revealed (3) one marker by RAPD and two markers by ISSR.
plants of S. etuberosum
scored the highest markers for resistant plants to PSTVd (11)
markers (one in RAPD and 10 with ISSR), then the resistant
(1) with RAPD.
Amin Mahfouze, Khalid Abdel Fatah El-Dougdoug, Osama Ezzat
El-Sayed, Mostafa Ahmed Gomaa and Esmat Khaled Allam.
Genetic Diversity of Cultivated and wild-Type potatoes under
Potato Spindle Tuber Viroid Infection.
N Y Sci J 2012;5(7):9-18].
Wild-Type, PSTVd-EG, NASH, RAPD-PCR, ISSR-PCR
Impact of Type of Greenhouse
Cover Sheets on Certain Major Cucumber Pests under Protected
Amna M. H. Maklad 1,
S.M. Abolmaaty2, M.K. Hassanein2 and N. Y.
Plant Protection Research
Institute, ARC. Dokki, Giza, Egypt
Central Laboratory for Agriculture Climate, ARC, Dokki, Giza,
Pathology Dept., Fac. Agric. Ain Shams Univ. Shoubra El-Kheima,
Abstract: Cucumber (Cucumis
sativus L.) is considered one of the most important
vegetable crops, under greenhouse conditions in Egypt.
Application of black and white nets and polyethylene sheet
affect on environmental factors under greenhouse conditions
where as environmental factors (temperature and relative
humidity) were higher with application of polyethylene sheet
comparing with application of black and white nets. There was
positive relationship between environmental (temperature and
relative humidity) factors and population of aphids, spider
mites, thrips and whitefly by using black and white nets and
polyethylene sheet. Population of different pests were increased
as well as increasing temperatures and decreasing relative
humidity. Maximum population of aphid and whitefly were observed
during May, but maximum population of spider mites and thrips
were observed during June. Population of aphid was most frequent
with using different shading nets, while population of spider
mites and thrips were more frequent, While whitefly pests was
less frequent. Populations of insects were more high when using
polyethylene sheet than black and white nets.
M. H. Maklad, S.M. Abolmaaty, M.K. Hassanein and N. Y. Abd
El-Ghafar. Impact of
Type of Greenhouse Cover Sheets on Certain Major Cucumber Pests
under Protected Cultivation.
N Y Sci J 2012;5(7):19-24].
Cucumber, Aphids, Spider mites, Thrips, Whitefly, Shade
nets, Black net, White net, Polyethylene sheet, greenhouse
Dialectical View of Nature in Physical Time-Space — Consummating
Chemistry, Xiamen University; address:
(1) The incapability of SR to originate AY in IRPCE reveals: It
must objectively exist in the universe that the Unique Absolute
Reference System (ARS), of ARS the time-space is isotropic and
steady-homogeneous, relative to ARS all the Lorentz effect of
whole universe are IRPCE, for ARS the simultaneity is
absolute unified sole of whole universe; and by which AY in
IRPCE is originated. (2) Deprive entirely none of the-(1)
but respectively for every motional inertial system
except alone for ARS）displace
the nominal value field of initial moments only, SR would
necessarily & sufficiently be mathematic-logically reached from
the-(1) and the TP may essentially be solved by the-(1).
coexistence of the-(1) & the-(2) shows that there is a possible
physical time-space structure theory standing alone in
no-paradox, of which the-(1) is the intrinsic origin &
determining connotation and SR is the right description of
external-form only. (4) It is impossible
determined by the-(1) itself that to quantitatively
find-admeasure the-(1) immediately by kinematics experiments.
Which endows innately with the forced inevitability, and the
feasibility is ensured congenitally by that the physical
time-space metric & simultaneity is mutually independent each
other, the opposite-unity of the-(1) & SR has from
possibility as the-(3) became to an
inborn inexorable law.
Xie. Dialectical View of Nature in Physical Time-Space —
Consummating Special Relativity. N Y Sci J 2012;5(7):25-34].
Special Relativity, Lorentz effect, twin paradox, astronautic
youthened, Intrinsic Real Physical Change Effect (IRPCE), result
of exterior-only relationship of mutual observation (RERMO).
Supply Chain Management and Internet Technologies; e-SCM for
Sama Technical and Vocational Training College, Islamic Azad
University, Shiraz Branch, Shiraz, Iran
Now days, the expansion of internet technology has led to the
expansion of e-business and e-commerce. One of the most
important aspects of every e-business is supply chain and supply
chain management. The new topic in the area of supply chain
management is the use of Internet based technologies and so, the
emergence of the term “ e-CRM” is also is tied to the novel
supply chain management on the internet. This paper, reviews the
notion of e-supply chain management (e-SCM), its necessities and
importance, and also suggests some recommendations to the
today’s managers. First section introduces the concept of
Internet or Web based Supply Chain and the issues related to
this concept. The second presents the necessary steps to follow
[Abbas Sadeghi. Supply Chain Management and Internet
Technologies; e-SCM for Today’s Managers. N Y Sci J
2012;5(7):35-37]. (ISSN: 1554-0200).
e-SCM, Supply Chain Management, Internet
Formulation Of A Generalized Field Data Based Model For The
Surface Roughness Of Aluminium 6063 In Dry Turning Operation.
Mr. Mangesh R. Phate1, *,
Dr. V. H. Tatwawadi2, Dr. J. P. Modak3
&Assistant Prof, Dept. of Mechanical Engg, PVPIT, Pune
University (M.S), India 411041
Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, (M. S, India. 442001
Dean (R&D), PCOE,
Nagpur (M.S), India, 440019
highlights the detailed methodology of mathematical model
formulation for the surface roughness during the dry turning
process. This paper also represents the detailed about the
formulation of field data based model to analyze the impact of
various machining field parameters on the surface roughness of
aluminum 6063 during the dry sturning operation. In Indian
scenario where majority of total machining operation are still
executed manually which needs to be focused and develop a
mathematical relation which simulate the real input and output
data directly from the machining field where the work is
actually being executed. The advantages and limitations of the
developed mathematical models are identified and the models are
classified in terms of application range and goals. The findings
indicate that the topic understudy is of great importance as no
such approach of field data based mathematical simulation is
adopted for the formulation of mathematical model.
[Mangesh R. Phate, V. H. Tatwawadi, J. P. Modak. Formulation
of A Generalized Field Data Based Model for the Surface
Roughness of Aluminum 6063 in Dry Turning Operation.
N Y Sci J 2012;5(7):38-46].
Dry turning; Field data based model; Sensitivity; Optimization;
Buckingham’s Pi therom
Evaluation of Antimicrobial Properties of Cymbopogon citratus
and Momordical charantia
Akingbade OA1, Olusola T2, Ogiogwa IJ1,
Okerentugba PO3, Innocent-Adiele HC3,
Nwanze JC4, Onoh CC4, Okonko IO3
of Microbiology and Parasitology, Federal Medical Centre,
Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
Laboratory Department, General Hospital, Epe, Lagos State,
of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, East-West Road,
P.M.B. 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria;
of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Igbinedion University, Okada,
Edo State, Nigeria
(Lemon grass) and Momordical charantia (Bitter melon) has
been in use over time for medical purposes. In this study,
aqueous and methanol extracts of both plants were tested for
antibacterial activity against control strains of
Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas
aeruginosa and Proteus mirabilis using broth dilution
technique. Cymbopogon citratus was found to be inhibitory
to Proteus mirabilis at 79mg/ml and 39.5mg/ml for others
(aqueous extract); 19.75mg/ml for Klebsiella pneumoniae
and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 39.5mg for others
(methanol extract) and bactericidal at 79.0mg/ml for
Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 158mg/ml for others (aqueous
extract); 79.0mg/ml for Staphylococcus aureus and
Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 158mg/ml for others (methanol
extract). Momordical charantia was inhibitory at 20mg/ml
for Staphylococcus aureus and 40mg/ml for others (both
aqueous and methanol extract) while it was not bactericidal
except at 80mg/ml to Pseudomonas aeruginosa (both
extract) and to Proteus mirabilis (methanol extract only)
It is recommended therefore that various plants alike) should be
explored for their antibacterial activities as this could open
ways for combating fast appearing resistant strains of
OA, Olusola T, Ogiogwa IJ,
Okerentugba PO, Innocent-Adiele HC, Nwanze JC, Onoh CC, Okonko
IO. Evaluation of Antimicrobial
Properties of Cymbopogon citratus and Momordical
N Y Sci J 2012;5(7):47-50].
Antimicrobial Properties, Cymbopogon citratus,
Momordical charantia, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella
pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis
Observation on feed conversion efficiency and growth of Schizothorax niger
at Beerwa Spring Kashmir
G. Mustafa Shah2, Aijaz Ahmad Bhat3
Associate Professor, Post Graduate Department of Zoology,
University of Kashmir, India.
Dean and Head, Post Graduate Department of Zoology, University
of Kashmir, India.
Scholar, Post Graduate Department of Zoology, University of
Author: Aijaz Ahmad Bhat, Email:
niger was reared under artificial conditions at Beerwa spring
Budgam. Around sixty specimens were taken for current research
programme. The fishes were reared for a period of twelve months
on artificial diet. The results observed indicated that the
standard deviation of growth observed under control, feed first,
feed second and at feed third is 9.567, 13.00, 1.45 and 14.06
respectively. Whereas the P- value observed is
0.0015 considered very significant. The standard deviation for
feed conversion efficiency observed at control, feed first, feed
second and at feed third is 48.36,63.66,61.58 and 63.98.
The P- value is <0.0001,
considered extremely significant.
Jan, G. Mustafa Shah, Aijaz Ahmad Bhat. Observation on feed conversion efficiency and growth of Schizothorax
niger at Beerwa Spring Kashmir.
N Y Sci J 2012;5(7):51-55].
Schizothorax niger, Feed, Feed conversion efficiency, Growth.
Nasal carriage and antibiotics susceptibility of
Staphylococcus aureus in healthy students of University of
Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Odu NN, Okonko IO
Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt,
East-West Road, P.M.B. 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State,
email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; Tel:
One hundred nasal swabs were collected from 50 males and 50
females students of University of Port Harcourt were examined
for Staphylococcus aureus using standard bacteriological
methods. Thirty- two percent of the 100 samples were found to be
carrying Staphylococcus aureus in their nasal cavity.
This study showed that there was a
significant difference between sex for carriage rate of S.
aureus [18.0% vs. 46.0%, P <0.05].
The study also showed that there was
no significant difference between age groups for either carriage
rates of S. aureus (35.3% vs. 25.0%, P >0.05).
It showed that
Methicillin susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) [62.5%] was
most predominant over Methicillin resistant S. aureus
(MRSA) which was 37.5% and that
there was a
significant difference between carriage rate of MRSA and MSSA
[37.5% vs. 62.5%, P <0.05].
NN, Okonko IO. Nasal carriage and antibiotics susceptibility
of Staphylococcus aureus in healthy students of
University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
N Y Sci J 2012;5(7):56-63].
Carriage rate, Nasal cavity, Methicillin susceptible S.
resistant S. aureus,
Epidemiology of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in the University of
Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital: Gender Related Disparaties
Frank-Peterside, 2A.P. Onwuka, and 1Okonko
Microbiology Unit, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of
Science, University of Port-Harcourt, East-West Road, P.M.B.
5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria;
of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, University of
Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital, East-West Road, Choba, Port
Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria;
email@example.com; Tel.: +234 803 538 0891
investigated the gender based disparities in the prevalence of
pulmonary Tuberculosis in the Port-Harcourt metropolis of
Rivers-State, Nigeria. A total of 1038 sputum samples were
collected from in and out patients of the University of Port-
Harcourt Teaching Hospital for a period of one year. Three (3)
deep cough samples were collected per patient over a period of
three days. The samples were examined macroscopically and
microscopically. The Ziehl-Neelsen technique for the detection
of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum was carried out. The
sputum samples were also cultured using MacConkey, Chocolate and
Blood agar. Biochemical tests were used for identification. Of
the 1038 samples collected, 348(33.5%) tested positive and
690(66.5%) were negative for acid fast bacilli (AFB). Of the 348
positive AFB samples, 149(23.7%) were males and 199(48.5%) were
females showing a higher prevalence in females than males. The
study showed a significant difference in TB infection between
male and female subjects (23.7% vs. 48.5%, P<0.05). It also
showed no significant difference between overall positive and
negative female subjects at 5% and 10% (P>0.05). In conclusion,
there seems to be a gender difference in the inception,
progression and outcome of TB infection. Continued research on
gender and tuberculosis need to be geared in the direction of
ascertaining the magnitude of gender disparities in
tuberculosis, from contracting the disease to successful
recovery and rehabilitation.
Frank-Peterside, A.P. Onwuka, and Okonko IO. Epidemiology of
Pulmonary Tuberculosis in the University of Port-Harcourt
Teaching Hospital: Gender Related Disparaties. New York Science Journal.
(ISSN: 1554-0200). 10
Epidemiology, Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Gender, Disparities,
Detection of Cryptosporidium
Infection among Children with Diarrhea
Nevine S. El-Helalya,
Mona M. Alyb, Samar S. Attiab
and bParasitology Departments ,
Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
Background: Cryptosporidium species are protozoan
parasites that cause infection and diarrheal illness in a wild
range of mammalian species. There are 20 described species of
cryptosporidium of which cryptosporidium hominis and C. parvum
are the most frequently detected. C.hominis infection is more
common in developing countries. Objective: to detect
cryptosporidium infection in clinical samples from pediatric
suffering from diarrhea. Patient and Methods: 177
children, in the age group from 1 to 5 years old, suffering from
diarrhea, selected from the gastro eanterology outpatient
clinic, children Hospital, Cairo University with 35 apparently
healthy children in the same age as control group were included
in the study. Cases were screened using RIDA Quick
Cryptosporidium Coproantigen detection kit. In addition, stool
specimens were examined following the kinyoun acid-fast staining
method. Results: 27 children in the study group were
positive for cryptosporidium infection using antigen detection
method (15.3%), while 20 were positive using the acid-fast
technique (11.3%). All children in the control group were
negative for cryptosporidium infection. Conclusion:
cryptosporidium infection is one of the important causes of
diarrhea in children below 5 years of age and RIDA Quick antigen
detection test proved to be a useful mean for diagnosis in fresh
S. El-Helaly, Mona M. Aly, Samar S. Attia.
Detection of Cryptosporidium Infection among Children with
Diarrhea. New York Science Journal. 2012;5(7):68-76].
(ISSN: 1554-0200). 11
cryptosporidium – Diarrhea in children – Acid – Fast staining –
Impact of Oil
Disposal in Open Seas Abu Qir Desalination Plant
Safaa M. Soliman
Research Institute for
Groundwater, National Water Research Center, El Kanter El
Khairia, Kalubia, Egypt.
This study investigates the impacts of oil disposal in open seas
on groundwater pollution in coastal aquifers, based on one site
location of the site is Abu Qir, near Alexandria and the
designed plant capacity is 800m3/hr. The major
sources of oil are the ships spills.
Oil was found in the sea water close to the plant site.
Therefore, it was decided to replace
sea water by groundwater through beach wells.
To satisfy the
desired plant capacity of fresh water, 4 deep groundwater wells
are needed with a total capacity of about 800 m3/hr,
in addition to 3 wells as stand-by to keep the groundwater
discharge as required during emergency conditions.
The 7 wells are planned to
operate alternatively to keep the groundwater discharge as
required. The maximum allowable pumping value is 1200 m3/hr.
Chemical analysis of groundwater indicated the existence of Oil
at some locations which calls more investigations on its extent,
at present, and in the future with the operation of the wells.
Accordingly, a forecast is made to investigate the extent of the
Oil plume through the aquifer in terms of concentration and
extent. This is achieved through the numerical simulation of the
aquifer system by Visual MODFLOW 4.2. The calibrated model was
used to test
the impacts of
proposed scenarios on the sustainability of the plant capacity
of saline water at present and in the future. The results have
scenarios of pumping are accepted if the drawdown does not
affect the stability of the project buildings, 2) The Oil
concentration decreases with depth before any operation; 3)The
Oil concentration will decrease with time; 4)The Oil
concentration will decrease with pumping ; 5)The maximum Oil
concentration in the model area before pumping is 16 mg/l at
2009 and will be 7 mg/l after 40 years; 6)The maximum Oil
concentration in the model area after pumping at the maximum
capacity possible (1400 m3/h for 7 wells) is expected to be 14
mg/l at 2009 and is expected to be 5 mg/l after 40 years at 30m
depth and 7) The maximum Oil concentration in the model area
after pumping at the maximum capacity possible (1400 m3/h for 7
wells) is expected to be 4 mg/l at 2009 and is expected to be
0.9 mg/l after 40 years at 70m depth. This primary exercise
indicates the safe dependence on saline groundwater in
However, monitoring systems are recommended to ensure the
adequacy of the exercise, accompanied by post-auditing of the
[Safaa M. Soliman. Impact of Oil Disposal
in Open Seas Abu Qir Desalination Plant. New York
Science Journal. 2012;5(7):77-88].
(ISSN: 1554-0200). 12
sustainability, desalination, Abu Qir, variable density, plume
E-SCM; Benefits and the Ways Forward
Sama Technical and Vocational Training College, Islamic Azad
University, Shiraz Branch, Shiraz, Iran
This paper reviews the potentials of using supply chain on
Internet. At the first, the papers reviews the main processes
involved in supply chain management. After that the author
explores the key benefits and advantages of supply chain
management on internet.
[Abbas Sadeghi. E-SCM; Benefits and the Ways Forward.
N Y Sci J
2012;5(7):89-91]. (ISSN: 1554-0200).
Supply Chain, Management, Internet, e-SCM
The manuscripts in
this issue were presented as online first for peer-review,
starting from May 13, 2012.
All comments are
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