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Science Journal

 

New York Science Journal

(N Y Sci J)

ISSN 1554-0200; Monthly

Volume 7 - Number 8 (Cumulated No. 66); August 25, 2014

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, ny0708; doi:10.7537/j.issn.1554-0200

 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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No.

1

Realization of intellectual capital in Physical Education Departments of Isfahan Province

 

Dr. Mohammad Soltan Hosseini1, Dr. Abolfazl Farahani2, Masoumeh Aghasoleimani3 (Corresponding author)

 

1. Assistant Professor in Sports Management, Isfahan University

2. Professor in Sports Management, Payam-e-Noor University

3. MSc in Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Payam-e-Noor University, Tehran, Iran

m.aghasoleimani@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the fulfillment of intellectual capital in the Physical Education departments. The research method is descriptive - survey and population included employees of departments of physical education was considered in 2011. After a preliminary study on a sample size of 204 was obtained from the questionnaires were completed and returned by 190. Stratified cluster random sampling method was used for the statistical community. Researcher made questionnaire of 48 questions based on intellectual capital Comments Bontis et al. (1991), respectively. The analytical data obtained from the instrument to measure one variable t method was used. Findings concerning intellectual capital resulting average (3.55) of the presumptive average (3) the larger the resulting t was larger than the critical value table. The resulting average for human capital (3.58) of the presumptive average (3) larger than the critical value of "t" obtained was a larger table. Of customer funds, resulting average (3.51) of the presumptive average (3) larger than the critical value of "t" obtained was a larger table is considered. The capital structure of resulting average (3.55) of the presumptive average (3) larger than the critical value of t obtained was a larger table. F observed at  showed a significant difference in level between employees based on gender, education level and work experience on the application level components of intellectual capital (human capital Customer capital, structural capital) was observed in Departments of Physical Education.

[Dr. Mohammad Soltan Hosseini, Dr. Abolfazl Farahani, Masoumeh Aghasoleimani. Realization of intellectual capital in Physical Education Departments of Isfahan Province. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):1-7]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 1. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.01

 

Keywords: intellectual capital, human capital, structural capital, customer capital, physical education offices.

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2

Love the look and protect Rouzbahan review and Hafez

 

Majid Yazdan Panah(PhD)  1, Baian Forough kermanshahi 2

 

1. Department of Persian Language and Literature, Payame noor University, Iran

2. Department of Persian Language and Literature, Payame noor University, Iran

 

Abstract: The researcher in this Study aims to anaIyzeIove in thought of two characters of a Mystic and a gnosticsect poet that Are Rozbahan and Hafez. In this study by deferring to their available works. There is an attempt to anaiy zeinteiiectuai Principles on I've. They putioveas a base in their works and belivethatiove is eternal and wiki be on going. According to which they consider I've as the base and principle of creation. Rozbahan and Hafez due To their interest to mysticism are from the ones that accept the Love of human to human and believe that this love is like a ladder which leads them to real love. Rozbahan and Hafez both believe in love and based on their own vision each has a specific determination from love which this indicates their interest; trend and recognition To love concept.

[Majid Yazdan Panah, Baian Forough kermanshahi. Love the look and protect Rouzbahan review and Hafez. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):8-10]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 2. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.02

 

Keywords: Love, look, protect, Rouzbahan, review Hafez

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3

Diagnosing Trichinellosis in Pigs Slaughtered at a Major Abattoir in Lagos State Nigeria

 

UWALAKA Emmanuel Chibuike, ADEDIRAN Oyeduntan Adejoju

 

Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

emmauwalaka@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Trichinellosis, an infection caused by the Trichinella spp has been known to occur worldwide affecting almost all species of animals including man. It is an emerging or re- emerging disease in developed and developing countries. This survey was conducted to investigate the prevalence of trichinellosis in domestic pigs slaughtered in Lagos, Nigeria. Nine hundred pig sera were collected at slaughter in an abattoir in Lagos state. The sera samples were stored frozen at the parasitology research laboratory of the department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Ibadan till used. Post mortem examination was also carried out for 350 carcasses of the 900 from which blood samples were collected using standard procedures. 53 out of the 900 samples collected were seropositive for Trichinella E/S antigen using ELISA kit. No Trichinella cysts were found at postmortem examination. One of the sample positive at serology was negative at postmortem. A total sero- prevalence of 5.89% was obtained, 5.83 % (adults) and 7.65% of growers were positive. There was no serological evidence of trichinellosis in samples (44) collected from weaners. The male pigs had a higher prevalence (6.14%) than the females (5.45%). However, the differences between the ages and the sexes were not statistically significant (P≤ 0.05).This study has been able to provide serological evidence of the presence of trichinellosis in this state and thus the need to carry out proper postmortem examination after slaughter. Also, the absence of cyst at postmortem and the presence of antibodies at serology show that postmortem examination is not enough to screen for Trichinella in slaughtered food animals hence the need for the establishment of diagnostic laboratories at abattoirs in the country.

[UWALAKA EC, ADEDIRAN O A. Diagnosing Trichinellosis in Pigs Slaughtered at a Major Abattoir in Lagos State Nigeria. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):11-14]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 3. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.03

 

Key words: Trichinellosis, ELISA, Seroprevalence, Lagos, Swine, Diagnosis, Postmortem.

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4

Assessing Quality Control Methods of Services A Case Study: Sudan Telecommunication Companies

 

Somaia Osman Mohamed Abdelgadir, Ahmed Osman Ibrahim

 

Department of Business administration, AL Neelain University

ahmedtenga33@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This research addresses the evaluation of quality control methods of services in Sudanese Telecom companies. Research objectives can be summarized in; identifying standards, regulations and methods of quality measurement, ensure all are applying these standards, and ensure that there is a continual improvement at all levels. The study has adopted the descriptive method (Case Study) and statistical approach. Data was collected through the basic instruments (the questionnaire), and the secondary instruments like books, magazines and other related editions. The conclusion of study indicates that the three companies are competitive and quality sensitive from the stand point of measurement, improvement and the right selection of employees and well as their training. Add to that a difference in the price of the provided service and levels of profits among companies. The most crucial recommendation is the necessity to accelerate solving customers’ complaints properly, and to adopt the strategic thought in the field of services, determine risks, establish risk management to maintain quality level, aware of competitive price, follow-up and implement the updated systems in the field of measuring and improving service quality.

[Somaia Osman Mohamed, Ahmed Osman Ibrahim. Assessing Quality Control Methods of Services. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):15-22]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 4. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.04

 

Keywords: Services Quality Control, Quality Measurement, Strategic Thought, Risk Management

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5

The Effects of Different Diets on Ovary Maturation and Spawning of Pond-reared White Indian Shrimp (Fenneropenaeus indicus)

 

Alireza Salarzadeh

 

Department of Fishery, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas Branch, PO Box 79159–1311, Bandar Abbas, Iran

reza1375bandar@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Current investigation is conducted to determine effect of four different diets on ovary maturation and spawning of the pond-reared White Indian Shrimps for a time span of 60 days. One group of shrimps (control group) was fed with concentrate food of broodstocks. The second, third, and forth groups were fed by squid meat, Solen vagina meat, and Polychaete worms from Nereididae family, collected along the intertidal zone in Bandar Abbas, respectively. For each experimental group, three iterations were considered. Results of experiments indicate that the maximum amount of growth and maturation of ovary and spawning was for the fourth group (fed by Polychaete worms); the mentioned group had a significant difference with other groups (P<0.05). The second and the third groups (fed by squid and solen vagina) showed lower significant difference. The first group did not have a significant difference. Based on results and data, it can be concluded that three major factors of environmental conditions, endocrine hormones, and the diet type are important factors that have an impact on maturation of ovary and spawning of reared White Indian Shrimps.

[Alireza Salarzadeh. The Effects of Different Diets on Ovary Maturation and Spawning of Pond-reared White Indian Shrimp (Fenneropenaeus indicus). N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):23-27]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 5. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.05

 

Keywords: Shrimp, sexual maturation, broodstock, Nereididae polychaete, Nereididae

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Optimal Time Varying Fuzzy Boundary Layer Thickness for Decouple Sliding-mode Control Base on Moving Switching Surface Using Pareto set

 

Iman Ashkani

 

MSc in Mechanical Engineering, Applied Design Trends, Guilan University

ashkaniiman@gmail.com

 

Abstract: DSMC is a type of sliding-mode control method for controlling the Single-Input/Multi-Output (SIMO) systems. In general, boundary layer thickness is established to decrease the chattering of input control in sliding mode controllers. Also, the control gain is a significant factor influence the control performance of variable structure systems. For this purpose, the behavior of the sliding surfaces and the influence of base surface boundary layer in DSMC method are demonstrated. However, Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC) is utilized in order to obtain gain and boundary layers. In order to design the time-varying boundary layer thickness on each surface, the distance of dynamic trajectory and the angle between the vectors are the inputs of FLCs. Also, in order to accomplish the optimum results, the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II (NSGA-II) is employed. This leads to achieving a set of best results called Pareto set, which not only optimizes the DSMC parameters, but also designs the details of the FLCs structures.

[Iman Ashkani. Optimal Time Varying Fuzzy Boundary Layer Thickness for Decouple Sliding-mode Control Base on Moving Switching Surface Using Pareto set. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):28-39]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 6. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.06

 

Keywords: Sliding-mode, Fuzzy Logic, Optimization, Genetic Algorithm, NSGA-II

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7

Toxicological Evaluation of Aqueous Extract of Mangifera Indica Linn (Mango) Stem Bark on the Activities of Some Enzymes in Albino Rats

 

*Oladiji, A.T., Olatunde, A., Yakubu, M.T. and Oloyede, H.O.B.

 

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Ilorin, P. M. B. 1515, Ilorin, Nigeria

temidayooladiji@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Toxicological evaluation of aqueous extract of Mangifera indica Linn (Mango) stem bark on the activities of some enzymes in Albino Rats (80-140g) were critically examined. The albino rats (12) were randomly assigned into three (A-B) groups each of which contains four rats. They were acclimatised for a week and Mangifera indica stem bark extract was administered for three weeks after which they were sacrificed. Group A (Control) received equivalent volume of distilled water while group B and C received 25 mg/kg and 75 mg/kg b.wt of the extract respectively. The specific activities of ALP and ACP in liver and kidney at all doses of the extract was significantly (p<0.05) decreased with a corresponding significant (p<0.05) increase in the serum compared with the control. The specific activities of AST and LDH in serum and liver at all doses shows no significant (p>0.05) difference compared with the control while the activity of LDH in kidney at the dose of 75 mg/kg body weight shows a significant (p<0.05) increase compared with the control. Also, the specific activity of ALT in liver, LDH in heart at the dose of 25 mg/kg b.wt shows significant (p<0.05) decrease compared with the control group. Therefore, the aqueous extract of Mangifera indica stem bark at the dose of 25 mg/kg and 75 mg/kg body weight have brought about alterations in the concentration of the enzymes studied and may not be completely safe at the doses used in this study.

[Oladiji, A.T. and Olatunde, A. Toxicological Evaluation of Aqueous Extract of Mangifera Indica Linn (Mango) Stem Bark on the Activities of Some Enzymes in Albino Rats. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):40-45]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 7. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.07

 

Key words: Mangifera Indica stem bark; Medicinal plants; Toxicity; Biochemical indices

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Antibiotic Resistance in Enteric Bacterial Isolates from Marketed Fish in Ibadan Metropolis, Southwest Nigeria

 

Adebowale Idris Adebiyi 1, Adekemi Florence Fagbohun 2, Nurudeen Afolabi Fasasi 2, Oladokun Amos Folawiyo 2

 

1. Department of Veterinary Microbiology & Parasitology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan Nigeria

2. Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, Moor Plantation, Ibadan Nigeria

adebiyiade@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Improper antibiotic usage in terms of overuse and misuse is considered the most important factor promoting the emergence, selection and dissemination of antibiotic resistant microorganisms in veterinary and human medicine. Enteric bacterial isolates from marketed fish in fifteen locations in Ibadan metropolis were randomly sampled to examine for their antibiotic resistance to some commonly used antibiotics. Bacteriological examination of collected fish intestine and gills was done using standard methods, followed by in-vitro antibiotic sensitivity test by agar gel diffusion technique. Three enteric bacteria; Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae that were multi-drug resistant to different combinations of aminoglycosides, cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones group of drugs were isolated. The occurrence of multiple antibiotic resistances among the enteric bacterial isolates from sampled marketed fish in the study area indicate a potential public health risk as it has been shown that animals including fish can act as vectors of bacteria. It is suggested that the prophylactic use of antibiotics may be a predisposing factor in the occurrence of antibiotic resistance among enteric bacteria in fish. Therefore, it is proposed that the application of antimicrobial drugs should be strictly controlled in tropical aquaculture to prevent the dissemination of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

[Adebiyi AI, Fagbohun AF, Fasasi NA, Folawiyo OA. Antibiotic Resistance in Enteric Bacterial Isolates from Marketed Fish in Ibadan Metropolis, Southwest Nigeria. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):46-50]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 8. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.08

 

Keywords: Marketed fish; antibiotic resistance; enteric bacteria.

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Protein and Albumin Levels in pulmonary tuberculosis

 

Ali Raza Memon, Roohi Naz

 

Department of Biochemistry, Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences (LUMHS) Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan.

aliraza_dr@outlook.com

 

Abstract: Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the serum protein and albumin levels in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Material and methods: Eighty (80) patients with tuberculosis and 40 healthy controls were included in this study. Serum total protein and albumin were analyzed using Chemistry auto analyzer using kit method. Results: Total protein and albumin were found to decrease in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis as compared with healthy controls. Conclusions: Therefore serum protein and albumin can be used as marker to assist the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of pulmonary tuberculosis patients.

[Ali Raza Memon, Roohi Naz. Protein and Albumin Levels in pulmonary tuberculosis. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):51-52]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 9. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.09

 

Keywords: pulmonary tuberculosis, proteins, albumin

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The Effect of Emotional Intelligence Training on General Health of Mothers of Children with Cerebral Palsy

 

Fatemeh Rezvani

 

Msc of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, Isfahan, Iran

fmrezvani@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of emotional inteligence training on general health of mothers of children with cerebral palsy. Therefore 50 such mothers were randomly selected and assigned to two training and control groups (25 each). The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) was administered to both groups as the pre- and post-test. The Alpha coefficient was computed and was equal to 0.86. In between the training group received & weekly sessions of training the control group did not receive any training. The results of analysis of covariance showed that, after controlling for the pre-test variables, the training group significantly scored lower than the control group on both the total and sub-scale post –tests as follows: total general health (P<0.0001), summarization (P<0.0001), anxiety (P<0.0001), social dysfunction (P<0.0001), and depression (P<0.0001). These results show that emotional intelligence training significantly increases the general health of mothers of cerebral palsy children.

[Fatemeh Rezvani. The Effect of Emotional Intelligence Training on General Health of Mothers of Children with Cerebral Palsy. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):53-57]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 10. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.10

 

Keywords: Emotional Intelligence (EI), mothers of children with cerebral palsy, mental health, Isfahan City

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Bi-Directional Strengthening of Two-Way Reinforced Concrete Slabs Using Fiber Reinforced Polymer

 

Mahmood Tavallaee1, Ted Donchev2

 

1. PhD Student, Kingston University London, UK

2. Senior Lecturer, Kingston University London, UK

k0826253@kingston.ac.uk

 

Abstract: This paper deals with strengthening of two-way reinforced concrete (RC) slabs with fiber reinforced polymer materials (FRP). Experimental investigations have been performed in order to determine the effectiveness of this strengthening solution. The experimental program involves tests on four medium scale slabs. The first slab is control sample without strengthening while in each of other three slabs different types of strengthening are applied. Deflections, strains and crack patterns are monitored during the loading process until destruction. The experimental results are analyzed and the most important conclusions as the result of the investigation are offered.

[Mahmood Tavallaee, Ted Donchev. Bi-Directional Strengthening of Two-Way Reinforced Concrete Slabs Using Fiber Reinforced Polymer. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):58-62]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 11. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.11

 

Keywords: Reinforced Concrete, Fiber Reinforced Polymer, Slab

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Effects of Irrigation Water Quality on the Yield and Yield Components of Cotton

 

Nayyereh Salehnia*1, Reza Baradaran2, Seyyed Gholamreza Mousavi2

 

1. Graduate Student, Islamic Azad University of Birjand

2. Faculty Members, Islamic Azad University of Birjand

 

Abstract: To study the effect of irrigation on yield and yield components of cotton, an experiment was conducted in the form of randomized complete block design with 3 replications in the Delgosha research field of Ferdows. During this experiment, the effects of four water treatments - including brine water with the salinity of EC=6.8 ds/m, tap water EC=0.7ds /m, magnetic salt water and saline water in a land where Potassium-based super-absorbent was added – on the yield and yield components of cotton was evaluated. Finally, the results were analyzed with the SAS software according to Duncan's multiple range tests.During this experiment, it was determined that these four irrigation water quality had a significant effect on the yield and yield components of cotton, cotton fiber production, fiber weight and the weight of a thousand cottonseeds, biological yield per hectare, the shading surface, boll number per plant and boll number per hectare. However, it had a negative effect on the cotton fiber harvest per hectare index and the grain harvest per hectare. Also, correlation coefficients analysis indicated a negative correlation between the last two factors and other measured factors. Stem diameter and the number offside branches also showed significant differences between treatments. Furthermore, despite observing the 12-day watering circuit, the total volume of water in the super absorbent treatment and magnetic water treatment were half and three fourth the other two treatments, respectively. Overall, it can concluded that using modifications such as magnetizing the water or using super absorbent polymers, we can decrease adverse effects caused by saline and low quality water on cotton and achieve the possibility of using saline water in dry areas while maintaining the desired performance besides increasing the cultivation area.

[Nayyereh Salehnia, Reza Baradaran, Seyyed Gholamreza Mousavi. Effects of Irrigation Water Quality on the Yield and Yield Components of Cotton. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):63-69]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 12. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.12

 

Keywords: cotton, saline water, super absorbent, magnetic water, yield and yield components

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Comparison Affective Perspective Taking in Bully, Prosocial and Rejected Students

 

Zahra Mohammadi1, Shole Amiri2, Gholamreza Manshaee3

 

1. MA in General Psychology, Isfahan science of research branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

2. Associate professor of psychology, university of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3. Assistant professor, department of psychology, Isfahan science of research branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

zahramohammadi_psy@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare affective perspective taking in bully, prosocial and rejected students. The research method in this study was causal-comparative and population society includes the second and fourth grade students in Isfahan in the 2012-2013 school years. By using a multistage random sampling that includes 740 students selected from 32 classes in different areas of Isfahan city. To determine the social prestige among peer students, sociometric method was used. After using sociometric method on student population, 288 students were elected (144 boys and 144 girls) in three groups, bully, prosocial and rejected. Tools used included a demographic questionnaire form based on affective perspective taking and demographic form. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analysis of variance. Findings: results showed significant difference between average of affective perspective taking and among groups. The prosocial group gets the highest and the rejected group gets the lowest average among all groups. There's no significant difference between prosocial and bully groups in average of affective perspective taking and also there's no significant difference among all girls and boys in affective perspective taking. Also, there's significant relationship between affective perspective taking with making perspective and number of children, but there was no significant relationship between education and father's occupation. Conclusion: Affective perspective taking is one of the main factors in social cognition improvement success in relationships with peers.

[Zahra Mohammdi, Shole Amiri, Gholamreza Manshaee. Comparison Affective Perspective Taking in Bully, Prosocial and Rejected Students. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):70-77]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 13. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.13

 

Keywords: Affective Perspective Taking, Bully, Prosocial and Rejected

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Investigation the relationship between Informing and advertising costs of bank with the level of trust, satisfaction and loyalty of customers (Case Study: Tejarat Bank)

 

Mehran Samadi1, Mahdi Dadashi2

 

1. Department of Social Communication Sciences, East Azarbaijan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

2. MSc student of Social Communication Sciences, East Azarbaijan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

m_samadi426@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Since advertising is a powerful tool for identifying a product, service, thought and idea, so it's seems necessary to pay attention for increasing advertising as an essential component in the communication and its role in economic – social development. The main objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between. The research period was 2010 and 2013. The population of this study was Tejarat Bank customers. To determine the sample size, 70 questionnaires out of sample size were distributed and collected and after calculation the standard deviation of questions, 344 people were selected as statistical sample. Statistical sample members' election was based on the cluster method. Method of analysis is based on correlation and mean difference test. To test the normality of the variables, KolmogorovSmirnov test (KS) is used. Results showed that there is a direct and significant relationship between informing and advertising costs with confidence, satisfaction and loyalty of customers in Tejarat Bank and confidence, satisfaction and loyalty of customers in 2013 has risen than 2010. Average costs for advertising and informing of bank in 2013 is equal to 1,546,834,600 and in 2010 is equal to 489,683,580. Overall, the table shows the average of trust, satisfaction and loyalty of customers has increased in 2013 than 2010. Among behavior of customers, the average customer confidence amount IS lower than all other aspects. This means that banks must take steps toward building trust for customers to the banks and research in this field should be done to identify what factors affect the confidence of customers towards banks.

[Mehran Samadi, Mahdi Dadashi. Investigation the relationship between Informing and advertising costs of bank with the level of trust, satisfaction and loyalty of customers (Case Study: Tejarat Bank). N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):78-87]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 14. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.14

 

Keywords: Advertising and informing costs, trust, satisfaction, loyalty, Tejarat Bank

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Manifestation of the unity in plurality of different components of Dome's spatial concepts

 

Hamidreza Saremi, Rohollaah Ghiyasvand, Majid Hatami

 

1.  Assistant Professor, Department of Planning, Faculty of Arts and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2.  Master of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Broujerd, Iran

3.  Master of Urban Planning, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Broujerd, Iran

ghiasvand_farhad@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: In this paper, we briefly describe the definition of unity and multiplicity was performed and analyzed the expression of the dome. In this study, the direct impact of domes displays in Islamic architecture, especially about mosques and symbols that exist in the Dome, in terms of structure, type of structure and materials have been discussed and that how beautiful the architects became. Space Communications, domes and architectural space, over the course of several thousand years of human social life gradually one after another changed, so that the net things had neither the space nor the ideal route would have been very controversial and debates Heidegger assumptions about circular motion. Based on this perspective we can see that the architects of the past, the invention of virtue, the concept and importance had to move and rotate it in the realm of the sacred mosque have drawn a circle image. The viewers are attracted to the relaxation view arts. Such indicators can be expressed Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, and the decorations on the outside and inside of the dome and how it is shaped by what logic and reasoning is discussed, and present obvious examples of the kinds of thoughts and dreams of paradise to all arts. When look at them as a whole, detail make little effect because of their greatness. Its stunning power and glory raises acclamation of Iranian.

[Hamidreza Saremi, Rohollaah Ghiyasvand, Majid Hatami. Manifestation of the unity in plurality of different components of Dome's spatial concepts. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):88-93]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 15. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.15

 

Keywords: Dome, Unity in Plurality, Islamic Architecture

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Foraging behavior of different bee species under cage and open condition in Chitwan, Nepal

 

R. Pudasaini1 and R. B. Thapa2

 

1Student (M.Sc. Ag. Entomology), rameshwor.ent@gmail.com

2Professor (Entomology), profrbthapa@gmail.com

Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.

 

Abstract:  An experiment was conducted to know the foraging behavior of Apis mellifera L. and A. cerana F. in rapeseed flower under open and cage conditions in Chitwan, Nepal during 2012-2013. This study showed that both species of honeybee forage higher number of flower under open condition as compare to cage. The average number of flowers visited by Apis cerana F. were 24.33 and 15.50 flower per minute in caged condition whereas 26.0 and 16.5 flowers in open condition at 2:00 pm and 10:00 am of day hours. Similarly, Apis mellifera L. visited 19.00 and 12.67 flower numbers per minute in caged condition and 21.67 and 12.33 flowers in open condition at the same day hours. The peak foraging hours for both species was around 12:00 pm to 14:00 pm. Even under slightly unfavorable condition the foraging efficiency Apis mellifera L. was decreases whereas Apis cerana F. does not. Apis cerana F. foraged significantly higher number of rapeseed flowers as compared to Apis mellifera L. under both caged and open condition. It showed that Apis cerana F. visited higher number of flowers and was more efficient pollinator as compared to Apis mellifera L.

[Pudasaini R, Thapa RB. Foraging behavior of different bee species under cage and open condition in Chitwan, Nepal. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):94-97]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 16. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.16

 

Keywords:  Apis mellifera L., A. cerana F., Cage plots, Open plots, Foraging

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 Study of Skin Diseases among Children at Assiut Governorates

 

Soad Sayed Byomi1, Amal Ahmed Mobarak2 and Soad Abdel hameed sharkawy1

 

1Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing Assuit University, Egypt.

2Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing Assuit University, Egypt.

soadelkhateeb@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Skin diseases are a common cause of morbidity, especially among school children, worldwide. Skin diseases are considered to be the second most common cause for medical consultation for children in rural communities. The aim of this study is to identify the most common skin diseases among children patients attending to Dermatology Clinic, Assuit, Egypt. The study was conducted in the Dermatology Clinic at Assuit. This study will be conducted for children less than 18 years who attended to Dermatology Clinic during six months starting from the March 2013 to the end of August 2013. The total numbers of them were 991 children are who suffering from skin diseases and attending for examination and treatment. To collect data A structured interview sheet was used which included the following part: Part A: Socio demographic data for children and their parents Part B: Includes items related to present and past history of skin diseases, skin examination and medical diagnosis. Part C: Socioeconomic scale. The results of the study reveals that the two thirds of children (60.3%) aged between (6- 12) years, while only 1.1% of them aged 12 years and more with mean age of SD 6.4+2.9. Nearly two thirds of them (61.9%) were males. Also more than two fifth of them (42.7%) had low level of socioeconomic status. As regard the types of skin disease among children patients, it was found that less than one third of them (29.5%) had favus, while 13.8% of them had tinea and only 0.5% of those had psoriasis disease. The study concluded that there is statistically significant difference between laboratory diagnosis and child age, sex, birth order, child education and working condition P= 0.001, P= 0.013, P= 0.001 P= 0.001, P= 0.001 respectively. Also between frequency of positive skin disease and presence of animals in home P= 0.001. The study recommended that: Regular visits by nursing staff to rural areas will provide nursing care, referral and health education about the most frequent skin diseases and could control such conditions. Regular health education program about pediatric skin diseases provide for both teachers and parents related socioeconomic factors, overcrowding and hygiene. And encourage mothers to appreciate and utilize health promotion and disease prevention services for their children.

[Soad Sayed Byomi, Amal Ahmed Mobarak and Soad Abdel hameed sharkawy. Study of Skin Diseases among Children at Assiut Governorates. N Y Sci J 2014;7(8):98-110]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 17. doi:10.7537/marsnys070814.17

 

Key words: skin, children, parents, infectious, noninfectious

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from July 18, 2014. 

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