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Science Journal


New York Science Journal

(N Y Sci J)

ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online), doi:10.7537/j.issn.1554-0200, Monthly

Volume 8 - Number 3 (Cumulated No. 73); March 25, 2015

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, ny0803


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Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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Social cultural rights of children under “convention per on the Rights of the Child” with emphasis to Iranian law


Fatemeh Ahadi* 1, AlirezaBabamiri3 MohannaLatifi3


1. PhD. Department of law, Maragheh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Maragheh, Iran

Email: ahadi_223@yahoo.com

2. Department of law, Maragheh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Maragheh, Iran

Email: mardin_mardin2001@yahoo.com

3. Department of Political Science, Ashtian , Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ashtian, Iran

Email: mohana.latifi@gmail.com


Abstract: Rights of the child one of the main problems of legal systems in the world in the present day and even some children's rights as human rights to know, due to this and the necessity of funds to child rights issues in domestic and international scope, the present article examines the social and cultural rights, children's rights, especially the Convention on the rights of the child in the legal system's internal. Research this article is analytical findings suggests that the international scope of articles 6, 7, 12, 13, 14 and 24 to 32 of the CRC and the local community environment 306 of the penal code Act 1392 and 622, 715 and 716 of the act (suspended) act 1375 and article III of the constitution and other laws other instances of social and cultural rights, children's rights and Islam are at particular reference to children's rights and in addition In order to observe some cases it has placed emphasis. [Fatemeh Ahadi , AlirezaBabamiri , MohannaLatifi. Social cultural rights of children under “convention per on the Rights of the Child” with emphasis to Iranian law. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):1-6]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 1



Keywords: child, cultural rights, social rights, the convention on the rights of the child

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Correlation between Gene Polymorphism of the Angiotensin-I-converting Enzyme and Type-II diabetes in Egyptians


1Yasser R. A. Hashad,1Ahmad M. Farag,1Amr S. Mohamad and 2Inas A. Latif


1Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

2Biochemestry Department College of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt



Abstract: Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is often associated with some complications such as nephropathy, retinopathy and neuropathy. Genes of the renin angiotensin system are potential candidate genes for diabetic complications. This study was conducted to study the association between ACE gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism and T2DM in Egyptians one hundred twenty four (124) patients with T2DM and (108) one-hundred eight control subjects from different parts of Egypt. Genotyping for the ACE I/D polymorphisms was performed by PCR using specific primers. P- Value and odds ratio were used for asso­ciation studies and to assess the differences in the values among the groups. The distribution of the genotypes in the patients was as follows: 34/124 (27.4%) were homozygous for deletion allele (DD genotype), 77/124 (62.1%) were heterozygous (ID genotype), and 13/124 (10.5%) were homozygous for insertion allele (II genotype). Among the control subjects, 24/108 (22.2%) were homo­zygous for deletion (DD genotype), 70/108 (64.8%) were heterozygous (ID genotype), and 14/108 (13%) were homozygous for insertion (II genotype). The prevalence of the D-allele in T2DM patients (58.5%) was not significantly different from that in the controls (54.6%). Thus, ACE I/D dimorphism cannot be considered a risk factor for T2DM in the Egyptian population.

[Yasser R. A. Hashad, Ahmad M. Farag, Amr S. Mohamad and Inas A. Latif. Correlation Between Gene Polymorphism of the Angiotensin-I-converting Enzyme and Type-II diabetes in Egyptians. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):7-15]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 2



Keywords: Angiotensin-converting enzyme-Type II diabetes-Coronary artery disease.

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Investigation the effect of conservation tillage on soil organic matter (SOM) and soil organic carbon (SOC) (The Review)


Sherwin Amini 1, Mohammad Amin Asoodar 2


1 M-Sc. Mechanization Engineering, Student of Khuzestan Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University, Khuzestan Iran

2 Professor, Department of Agricultural Machinery and Mechanization Engineering, Khuzestan, Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University, Khouzestan, Iran



Abstract: Pores and organic matter take a multitude of forms in soil and their characteristics change in space and time following a change in tillage practices as a new “steady state” is approached. Information on the variation with depth (stratification) in the characteristics of pores and organic matter and the rates of changes in these characteristics are vital to interpreting the short- and long-term impacts of the reduction of using conventional tillage on the productivity and hydrology of agricultural soils. This information is also of value in estimating the effect of a reduction in tillage on the sequestration of carbon in agricultural soils. The influence of tillage on bulk density, macro porosity and organic matter content was found to be documented more extensively than the effects on pore size distribution, soil organic matter fractions and their interactions at different soil depths. Many of the reports documenting tillage-induced changes in soil porosity and organic matter were based on measurements at a specific time after initiating the tillage trial. The potential advantages of conservation tillage in organic farming are reduced erosion, greater macro porosity in the soil surface due to larger number of earthworms, more microbial activity and carbon storage, less run-off and leaching of nutrients, reduced fuel use and faster tillage. Conversion from conventional (CT) to no-tillage (NT) resulted in an immediate change in the placement of aboveground crop residue and the reduced fragmentation of the soil matrix may also slow the mineralization of SOC.

[Sherwin Amini, Mohammad Amin Asoodar. Investigation the effect of conservation tillage on soil organic matter (SOM) and soil organic carbon (SOC). N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):16-24]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 3



Keywords: Conservation tillage, Soil organic matter, SOC

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The effect of conservation tillage on crop yield production (The Review)


Sherwin Amini a, Mohammad Amin Asoodar b


a M-Sc. Mechanization Engineering, Student of Khuzestan Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University, Khuzestan Iran

b Professor, Department of Agricultural Machinery and Mechanization Engineering, Khuzestan, Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University, Khouzestan, Iran



Abstract: Conservation tillage (CA) systems are gaining increased attention as a way to reduce the water footprint of crops by improving soil water infiltration, increasing soil moisture and reducing runoff and water contamination. The concept of water footprint is defined as the total volume of freshwater used, directly or indirectly, to produce a product or process including the total amount of water required in agriculture for growing crops. About 141 million and 645 thousand hectares of land in the world have been destroyed by erosion because of inappropriate tillage operations. The total amount of 26 billion tons of soil eroded is estimated and about 2 billion tons comes out from Iran. Parallel to the erosion, loss of soil organic matter that occurs on to several factors, farming has become more challenging. Many strategies exist to combat soil degradation through erosion and compaction on agricultural fields. One of these strategies is conservation agriculture (CA). Reduced or no-tillage techniques, together with crop residue management and crop rotation are the pillars of CA. The term reduced tillage covers a range of tillage practices but it never involves inverting the soil. In this way, soil disturbance is minimized and crop residues are left on the soil. Studies in many European countries have shown that CA can indeed be very effective in combating soil erosion. However, soil and water conservation do not appear as main drivers in farmers’ decisions to shift or not to CA. Economic factors tend to be more important, but there are a lot of uncertainties on this domain. Studies show that production costs are mostly reduced, mainly by reduced fuel costs. Although many European studies have investigated the effect of reduced soil tillage on crop yields, a lot of uncertainties still exist.

[Sherwin Amini, Mohammad Amin Asoodar. The effect of conservation tillage on crop yield production. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):25-29]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 4



Keywords: Conservation tillage, No-till, Ridge-till, Tillage Management, Erosion

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A comparative study of secondary attorneyship in Jurisprudence and Rights

of Iran


Dr. Faysal Saeidi 1, Foad Mojadami2


1.  Assistant Professor, Ahvaz Brunch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, iran

2.  Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad university, khorramshahr, iran


Abstract: Every person having legal capacity, it is able to applied all their rights in person. But in many cases, people for various reasons, the exercise of this authority, and to avoid non-financial part of law such as marriage, divorce and especially the seizure of property law including the transfer of the property or its management, on behalf of other agencies and layers. In fact, the action performed by the agent, but the rights of the proprietor, and he appears to favor. Legal framework for this process, in accordance with the contract law of contracts has certain religious and civil law there. Attorney Rights Institutions permission, permission for him on behalf of another (attorney) to perform this action Hqvqy.br Foundation, as a lawyer, and the substitution of another person's right to a lawyer, the lawyer is mediated by attorney client. After substitution Ghyrasvla the immediate left of attorney unless he wants to be his downfall. Appointed legal Attorney has two components, one substitution to another, and another, the immediate resignation of the attorney. But after the attorney-mediated primarily vested with the same rights and immediate needs of attorney. In other words, the deputy attorney lawyer first.

[Faysal Saeidi, Foad Mojadami. A comparative study of secondary attorneyship in Jurisprudence and Rights. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):30-33]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 5



Keywords: The secondary lawyer. Lawyer.delegated.Jurisdiction

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Romanticism in poem of Badr Shaker Sayyab


Dr .Sohad Jaderi 1, Seyyed Mohammad Molavi 2


1.        Assistant Professor, Abadan Branch, Islamic  Azad  university, Abadan, Iran

2.        Abadan Branch, Islamic  Azad  university, Abadan, Iran


Abstract: This study was to investigate the romanticism in poetry of Badr Shakir al-Sayyab. Considering the fact that Iraq is one of the areas of literature, it has been tried to investigate the mental movement of Romanticism in this country especially in the poetry of Badr shaker Sayyab. Although there has been some statement about Romanticism in the works of Arabic literature, but researchers believes that justice has not been uttered about romantic in poetry of Arab. Study of Romanticism and origins of tis works is one of the most important goals of this research in the works of syyab. Considering to the preliminary studies hypotheses are as follows: (1) Iraq is open for the romanticism. (2) The most important factor to create the Romanticism in the poetry of Sayyab is cruelty and oppression of government and his patriotism. (3) Individual and social Romantic is evident in the works of syaab. This study was based on the library’s method and researcher has done this research by exploring the resources and related books. Then has extracted the necessary topics from the resources of the research. Then has adjusted the collected material according to the logical sequence. And has proved it regarding to the documented assumptions .The most important subjects which are manifested in his poem are strong sensitiveness toward death, depression overcome, back to the nature parsing of childhood. He noted to poverty, corruption and political and social inequality in social Romanticism. The main issues of the poet in his works are as follow: Sympathy toward the poor and weak class of community and feeling of patriotism.

[Sohad Jaderi, Seyyed Mohammad Molavi. Romanticism in poem of Badr Shaker Sayyab. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):34-38]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 6



Key words: Romanticism, Arab Literature, Sayyab and poetry.

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Effect of Climate Change on Insect Pollinator: A Review


Rameshwor Pudasaini1, Mukti Chalise2, Pradip Raj Poudel2, Kalpana Pudasaini3, Pragya Aryal4


1Assistant Professor (Entomology), Prithu Technical College, IAAS, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Student (B. Sc. Agriculture), Lamjung Campus, IAAS, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

3Student (B. Sc. Agriculture), Rampur Campus, IAAS, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

4Student (B. Sc. Agriculture), Prithu Technical College, IAAS, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal



Abstract:  A review was done to know the effect of climate change on insect pollinators. Pollinated by insects produced higher quality and quantity of crop. Of the total pollination activities, over 80 percent is performed by insects. Many experiments proved that increased temperature has effect on plants, pollinators and their interactions. Changing climates may cause changes in the time of growth, flowering and maturation of crops, with consequent impacts on crop-associated biodiversity, particularly on pollinators. Key biological events such as insect emergence, their foraging behaviour and date of onset of flowering need to occur in synchrony for successful pollination interactions. On a larger scale, changes in temperature, disturbances on rainfall pattern and other many environmental changes over the entire season may alter the abundance, diversity and foraging behaviour of pollinators. Hence climate change causes very serious impact on insect pollinators and flowering plants.

[Pudasaini R, Chalise M, Poudel PR, Pudasaini K, Aryal P. Effect of Climate Change on Insect Pollinator: A Review. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):39-42]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 7



Keywords: Climate change; Flowering Plants; Insect pollinators

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Naturalism in Malaika poetry


Dr. Javade Sadon Zade 1, Dr. Sohad Jaderi 2, Seyyed Mohammad Molavi 3


1.  Associate Professor, Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad university, Abadan, Iran

2.  Assistant Professor, Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad university, Abadan, Iran

3.  Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad university, Abadan, Iran


Abstract: Malaika is a leading innovator in new poetry. Communion with nature and expression of emotions and emotions are the main characteristics in the romantic works. When the poet was child, he tended nature and rural areas. And because of hate of the city and urban life and its customs, he used the content of the nature in works of his own poems for this reason he is persistent in the minds of readers. Malaika used the best historical documentation of the environment and environmental phenomena for writing his poem. If we review and challenge poets court, we find that a lot of his odes with the titles of nature or what related to the nature, were named. Using the words of stillness of night and its calmness, the light of moon, sunset and sunrise and absolute darkness, green mountains indicate that the poet paid attention to nature. Words that not only reflect the geographic location of residence of the poet but a historical document of the terms and conditions of the poet's life and events that associated with them. And with addressing the elements of nature he finds medication for pain and misery that were friend and companion of poet. The present study is an attempt for Identifying causes of the effects of poet stendency to nature.

[Javade Sadon Zade, Sohad Jaderi, Seyyed Mohammad Molavi. Naturalism in Malaika poetry Iran. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):43-46]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 8



Keywords: Nurak Malaika, naturalism, poem.

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Resource Use Efficiency of Cowpea Production in Ngaski Local Government Area, Kebbi State, Nigeria


1Dabai J. S., 1Baba M. D. and 2T. A. Manga


1Department of Agricultural Extension and Management Kebbi State College of Agriculture Zuru, Kebbi State, Nigeria

2Department of Crop Production Technology, Kebbi State College of Agriculture Zuru, Kebbi State, Nigeria



Abstract: Inefficiency in the use and allocation of resources constitute a major problem to increased food production in Nigeria. This research analyses the resource use efficiency of cowpea production in Ngaski Local Government Area of Kebbi State, Nigeria. Essentially, it focused on the socio-economic characteristics of cowpea farmers, the resource use efficiency and problems associated with cowpea production. Data were collected from one hundred (100) cowpea farmers proportionate to the population. Structured questionnaire was utilized to collect primary. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and production function analysis. Result revealed that an average cowpea farmer is male, aged between 31 and 40 years, attended up to tertiary institution. Majority are farmers, married, with a household size of about 6-10 persons, with average monthly income of N41, 314.12 and has about 11-15 years’ experience in cowpea production. Linear function gave best fit with R2 value of 0.701. This indicated that 70% variation in cowpea output is explained by the inputs included in the model. For the efficiency analysis, seed and pesticide were under-utilized, while labour and farm size were over-utilized in the production of cowpea in the study area. Among the problems identified, pest and disease is the most severe problem suffered by cowpea farmers in the study area. It could also be concluded that resources used in the production of cowpea were inefficiently utilized. Increase in the use of under-utilized inputs and decrease in the use of over-utilized inputs as well as access to credit support are therefore recommended.

[ Dabai J. S., Baba M. D. and T A. Manga. Resource Use Efficiency of Cowpea Production in Ngaski Local Government Area, Kebbi State, Nigeria. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):47-51]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 9



Keywords: Resource use, Efficiency, Cowpea, Production, Ngaski, Kebbi State.

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Biomedical Effects of Barley-A Review


Jamilah M Hashemi


Food and Nutrition Dept., Faculty of Home Economic, Ministry of Higher Education, King Abdul-Aziz University


Abstract: Consumption of diets high in whole grains such as barely has been highly recommended. Studies have shown a reverse relationship between regular consumption of barely and the risk of developing certain diseases. These relationships have been attributed to the effects of the soluble and insoluble fiber content of barley. Numerous studies have demonstrated that whole grains that are high in soluble fiber, such as beta-glucan, found in barley are more effective against certain diseases. Barley's claim to nutritional fame is based on its being a very good source of dietary fiber, manganese, selenium, copper, vitamin B1, chromium, phosphorus, magnesium and niacin. These components found in barely have positive biological effects on human health. In this review, we briefly examine the potential of barley’s compounds in diseases prevention. Evidences were shown to support the positive impact of different compounds such as soluble and insoluble fiber and beta-glucan, on human health and disease prevention.

[Jamilah M Hashemi. Biomedical Effects of Barley- A Review. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):52-55]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 10



Keywords: Consumption; diet; grain; barely; fiber; health; disease; prevention

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Investigating the filtration rate of the Pretty-blocked Venus Circenita callipyga by the microalga Isochrysis aff galbana at different temperatures and salinities


FatemehNesa Vojdani¹*, Alireza Salarzadeh¹; Hossein Rameshi²; and Hassan Sareban²


¹ Department of Fishery , Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran, PO Box 79159–1311

²Molluscs Fisheries Research Station in Bandar-e-Lengeh, Bandar-e-Lengeh, Iran. PO Box: 33579-79719



Abstract: The Pretty-blocked Venus Circenita callipyga belongs to the family Veneridae and is one of the endemic species of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. The study has been conducted from February 2013 to May 2014 at molluscs fisheries research station in Bandar-e-Lengeh. The filtration rate of the venus calm was evaluated by the microalga Isochrysis aff galbana in six temperature treatments of 15, 20, 24, 28, 32 and 36 ° C and six salinity treatments of 6, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40 and 45 parts per thousand (ppt). Each treatment includes 10 Pretty-blocked Venus with thoraco-abdominal length (DVM) of 24±2 mm in a 15-litre aquarium. The Pretty-blocked Venus has not been fed 24 hours before the experiment. Moreover, an aquarium was considered as a control (without venus clams) to evaluate the potential growth or death of the microalga Isochrysis aff galbana. The obtained results from the Pretty-blocked Venus filtration in six temperature treatments and six salinity treatments by the microalga Isochrysis aff galbana showed that the highest filtration rate occurred during treatment at 28° C with 3588695±300141 ml/h/venus clam, and the lowest rate of filtration occurred in temperature treatment of 20° C with 1451848±300141 ml/h/venus clam. The filtration rates in the temperature treatments at 28° C and 20° C were not significantly different from those in the temperature treatments at 32° C and 15° C, respectively (P> 0/05). In the salinity treatments of 20 and 25, the venus clams have not performed any filtration, which has resulted in a rate equal to zero. The maximum filtration rate has occurred in 40 ppt salinity, which is equivalent to 2374067±997049 ml/h/venus clam. The filtration rate at a salinity of 35 ppt has not been significantly different from that at a salinity of 40 ppt (P> 0/05). However, a significant difference was observed infiltration rates of salinities of 30 and 45 ppt (P <0/05). The overall results indicated that the optimal temperature and salinity for biological activities such as feeding, respiration and growth of the Pretty-blocked Venus are 28-32° C and 40 ppt, respectively.

[Vojdani F, salarzadeh A.R, Rameshi H,Sareban H. Investigating the filtration rate of the Pretty-blocked Venus Circenita callipyga by the microalga Isochrysis aff galbana at different temperatures and salinities. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):56-61]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 11



Keywords: temperature, salinity, Pretty-blocked Venus, filtration, Circenita callipyga

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An Investigation into the Effect of Emotional Intelligence on Staff Performance Rate: A case of Islamic Republic of Iran Sport TV


Seyyed Mahdi Sharifi1, Narges Hassan Moradi2, Ali Mohammad Saberi3


1. Assistant Professor, public administration, Tehran University

2. Assistant Professor, public administration, Islamic Azad University, Tehran north branch

3. Master of Public administration, Islamic Azad University, Tehran north branch


Abstract: The management of each organization needs change and flexibility in order to adapt to changes, survive and grow in new environments. When one has the ability to understand and analyze emotional experiences, he manages to understand and improve his relation to environment; and this fact fosters emotion and goodness. Emotional intelligence deals with the difference among people in processing, perception, regulation and management of emotion. So it seems that these differences have clear effects on our lives such as physical and mental health, job performance and social relations. This study has been taken place in a quantitative mode and with 140 people of the staff of Islamic Republic of Iran Sport TV. The results show the emotional intelligence and its four aspects have a direct and significant relationship with staff performance; that means an increase in each aspect leads to an improvement in staff performance. In other words, if there happens an increase in self-awareness, relationship management, social-awareness and self-regulation, there will be also an increase in staff performance.

[Seyyed Mahdi Sharifi, Narges Hassan Moradi, Ali Mohammad Saberi. An Investigation into the Effect of Emotional Intelligence on Staff Performance Rate: A case of Islamic Republic of Iran Sport TV. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):62-69]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 12



Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Self-awareness, Relationship management, Social-awareness and self-regulation, Performance

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Ability of judging the claims of civil liability arising from the violation of Geographical Indications


Saadyeh Rashidi Bachay


Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad university, Khorramshahr, Iran


Abstract: Judgment in claims of civil liability arising from the violation of geographical indications is due to the specific nature of their qualifications and their facilities. It seems that this applies to all claims arising from the handling of intellectual and functional property. Due to the specifying of nature of arbitration in relation with civil liability arising from the violation of geographical indications, it seems that in the claims the beneficiaries of geographical indications of some people aren’t determined and limited, so investigating to their claims is not possible by judicial ways, and those who are as a claim to right by arbitrating to reach to their own right. However, this paper tries to investigate this possibility (judgment in claims of civil liability arising from breach of geographical indications). Finally, we should say that the most important problems of judgment in relation to judgment of the judge. decisions that issued by arbiter in the field of intellectual property because of the wide range don’t include the limitation of special places and times. These issues and challenges will be assessed in this study.

[Saadyeh Rashidi Bachay. Ability of judging the claims of civil liability arising from the violation of Geographical Indications. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):70-72]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 13



Keywords: vote, citizenship, residence of court, judge

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Structure Modeling and Petrophysical Analysis in the Ras El Ush Field, Gulf Of Suez, Egypt


Adel A.A. Othman and M. Fathy


Al Azhar University, Faculty of Science, Geology Department, Cairo, Egypt



Abstract: Ras El Ush Field is located in the southern structural province of Gulf of Suez. Ras El Ush Field was discovery by Marathon, in the offshore area of Gebel El Zeit Concession. Sandstone within the Matulla and Nubia formations are hydrocarbon producing units in this field (the main reservoir is Field). The present work is aims to study the subsurface structure setting and reservoir characteristics to evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of these units, based on 3D seismic and well log data. The subsurface structural setting was studied through constructing structural depth structure maps, structure modeling which revealed that the area is affected by ten fault trends; NW-SE (clysmic cycle) and NE-SW ( transform fault), evaluation of hydrocarbon potentialities at downthrown side and calculation of volumetric hydrocarbon to new leads.

[Adel A.A. Othman and M. Fathy. Structure Modeling and Petrophysical Analysis in the Ras ElUsh Field, Gulf Of Suez, Egypt. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):73-87]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 14



Keyword: Ras El Ush Field. Structure model, estimated OOIP.

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Evaluation of oxidative stress association with chronic kidney disease


Kalsoom Zaigham1*, Muhammad Tanveer Muneer1, Muhammad Shahzad Iqbal2, Muhammad Nadeem Hafeez2 and Qurban Ali


1. Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan

2. Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Email: kalsimbb@yahoo.com


Abstract: The present study was aimed to investigate the correlation of oxidative stress with renal failure in Chronic Kidney Disease (CDK) patients. Oxidative stress was measured via superoxide dismutase (SOD), Glutathione (GSH), Malondialdehyde (MDA) and catalase assessment. For renal dysfunction, basic renal parameters, urea, creatinine and uric acid were determined. 25 patients of moderate CKD and 25 patients of severe CKD were selected for the present study as case group along with 25 normal individuals as control group. Oxidative stress parameters (SOD, GSH, MDA and catalase) were assessed by spectrophotometric assay while renal parameters (urea, creatinine and uric acid) were estimated by enzymatic kit method. We concluded that the decrease in renal GSH in chronic kidney disease could be explained by its consumption in scavenging free radicals and maintaining the redox state of the cell during CKD. Significant increase in both blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine showed that CKD resulted in serious renal injury.

[Zaigham K, MT Muneer, MS Iqbal, MN Hafeez and Q Ali. Evaluation of oxidative stress with chronic kidney disease. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):88-92]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 15



Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease (CDK), Oxidative stress, catalase, redox, creatinine

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Prevalence Of Helminth Parasites Of Domesticated Guinea Fowl (Numida Meleagris Galeatus) In Maiduguri, North – Eastern Nigeria


Naphtali Nayamanda Atsanda, Saleh Mohammed Jajere, Nuhu Bala Adamu, Shuaibu Gidado Adamu, Magdalene Banece Chindo


Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, P. M. B. 1069, Borno State, Nigeria. drmsalehjajere@gmail.com


Abstract: A study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of helminth parasites of domesticated guinea fowls slaughtered in Maiduguri Monday market. A total of 100 birds comprising 46 males and 54 females were examined and their gastro – intestinal tracts collected and examined at post-mortem for helminth parasites. An overall prevalence of 88% representing 63% cestode and 25% nematode infection rates were recorded (P<0.05). Females had a significantly (P<0.05) higher infection rates (79.6%) compared with males (60.9%). Females harboured more helminth parasites compared with the males. Three species each for cestodes and nematodes were isolated and identified. Of these, Choanotaenia infundibulum had the highest prevalence (50%) in female birds and Raillietina echinobothrida (39.1%) in males followed by Raillietina tetragona with 34.8% and 31.5% in male and female birds respectively. While Heterakis gallinarum recorded the highest infection rate in both males (13%) and female birds (20.4%). Other nematodes encountered included: Ascaridia galli and Subulura brompti with infection rates 2.2% and 13% and 13% and 14.8% in male and female birds respectively. These findings indicate that helminthiasis is prevalent in guinea fowls and this could hinder their production and productivity in Maiduguri. Proper management practices are therefore recommended to remedy helminth infection in the birds.

[Naphtali Nayamanda Atsanda, Saleh Mohammed Jajere, Nuhu Bala Adamu, Shuaibu Gidado Adamu, Magdalene Banece Chindo. Prevalence Of Helminth Parasites Of Domesticated Guinea Fowl (Numida Meleagris Galeatus) In Maiduguri, North – Eastern Nigeria. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):93-97]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 16



Keywords: Prevalence; Helminth; Cestodes; Nematodes; Maiduguri

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The Study of Emerging Fungal Diseases of Some Important Medicinal Plants in West Bengal - A Threat


Subhankar Banerjee & Swapan Kumar Ghosh


Molecular Mycopathology Lab, P.G. Department of Botany, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Centenary College, Rahara, Kolkata 700118, India

Corresponding Author: swapan.krghosh@yahoo.com


Abstract: A survey was conducted on the fungal diseases of medicinal plants for two consecutive years of 2013 and 2014 in and around different places of North 24 Parganas, West Bengal and also recorded the climatic condition of this period. During survey, eight fungal diseases namely leaf spot (Alternaria brassicae) and rot (Fusarium oxysporum) of Aloe vera, leaf blight (Alternaria sp.) of Ocimum sanctum, leaf shot hole (Phomopsis sp) and blight (Alternaria alternata) of Bacopa monnieri, leaf blight (Alternaria tenuis), blotch (Cercospora serpentinae) and anthracnose (Colletotrichum gleosporiodes) of Rauvolfia serpentine were recorded. Leaf spot & rot diseases of Aloe vera and leaf blight of Ocimum sanctum were found all though two consecutive years. Among all these diseases shot hole and leaf blight disease of Bacopa monnieri are first recorded. Anthracnose, blotch and blight disease of Rauvolfia serpentina were found mainly between June to October. Shot hole disease of Bacopa monnieri was recorded June to December but leaf blight disease occurred between May to October. With the spreading of these fungal diseases on medicinal plants may be a set back to the industry associated with the formulation of it’s medicinal products. Therefore, this work may encourage other workers to study these diseases and their proper management.

[Banerjee S, Ghosh SK. The Study of Emerging Fungal Diseases of Some Important Medicinal Plants in West Bengal - A Threat. N Y Sci J 2015;8(3):98-104]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 17



Key words: Medicinal plants; Fungal disease; Disease occurrence

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from February 23, 2015

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