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Science Journal

 

New York Science Journal

(N Y Sci J)

ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online), doi:10.7537/j.issn.1554-0200, Monthly

Volume 8 - Number 9 (Cumulated No. 79); September 25, 2015

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, ny0809

 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Development and Evaluation of Honey Extracting Machine

 

Babajide, N. A.1, Ogunlade, C. A.2, Oke, A. M.3 and Aremu, D. O.4

 

1National Rice/Maize Center, c/o Federal Dept. of Agric., Moor Plantation, Ibadan.

2Department of Agricultural& Environmental Engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

3Department of Agricultural Engineering, Adeleke Uniuversity, Osun State, Nigeria

4Department of Agricultural Engineering, Federal College of Agriculture, Moor plantation, Ibadan.

E-mail: babajidenathaniel@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Traditional method of extracting honey leads to reduction in nutritional value and quality thus, a honey extractor; a mechanical device that extracts honey from its comb was designed and constructed using easily available materials. The main objective of this study is the development and performance evaluation of a honey extractor. The main functional parts of the machine are net frame, wire mesh (perforation size 5mm, constructed using 1.5mm thick stainless steel of dimension 180 x 225mm), driving shaft (20 x 50mm), driving gear (diameter 21 x 17mm), control lever or operating handle (made of iron rod coated with rubber material at the point of handling to facilitate the winding process) and basket (designed to hold and spin two honeycomb frames, constructed using 1.5mm thick stainless steel, dimension 180 x 255mm placed vertically into the extractor). The honey extractor is cylindrical in shape and operated by manually turning the control lever. The time taken for honey extraction had significant effect on the performance of the honey extractor; the machine capacity, efficiency and weight of honey extracted decreases as the time taken for extraction increases, optimum values of 91.2%, 8.68 kg/hr and 456g was obtained at 32 seconds of honey extraction for machine efficiency, capacity and weight of honey extracted respectively. The average values of weight of honey extracted, weight of honeycomb remaining after honey extraction, time taken, machine efficiency and capacity of the honey extractor after a set of five experimental runs were 416.2g (+ 32), 83.8g (+ 31.8), 44s (+ 8.5), 83.3% (+ 6.4) and 6.52 kg/hr (+ 1.4) respectively. The machine is portable and can be operated without any special training or technical-know-how, the machine also has the ability to preserve and leave the honeycomb undamaged after honey extraction.

[Babajide N A, Ogunlade C A, Oke A M and Aremu D O. Development and Evaluation of Honey Extracting Machine. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):1-5]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 1

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.01

 

Keywords: honeycomb, honey extractor, design, evaluation, efficiency

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1

2

Fractal Investigation of Temporal Distribution of Simulated Phase Variables of a chaotic dynamic system

 

Salau T. A.O. 1 and Ajide O.O. 2

 

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

*ooe.ajide@ui.edu.ng, 2; tao.salau@ui.edu.ng 1

*Corresponding Author

 

Abstract: This study investigated the temporal/near re-occurrence of simulated phase variables in chaotically responding nonlinear Duffing oscillator using fractal dimension when excited harmonically. The unsteady and steady phase variables were simulated from three different initial conditions by the constant step fourth order Runge-Kutta algorithms while the fractal characterization was achieved by the box-counted method. A total of 8,192 boxes arranged edge-to-edge on the time axis and with equivalent size of simulation time step were used to store the simulated phase results that are within 0.02 tolerance limit relative to specified standard. However, the fractal dimensions estimate were based on 14-different resolution scales. The results show temporal distribution of simulated phase variables that shared qualitative and quantitative similarities with Cantor set. The estimated fractal dimensions were between 0.0 to 0.58 and 0.0 to 0.65 for displacement and velocity component respectively. The distribution of the estimated fractal dimensions shows distinct peak values for the initial conditions. The addition of corresponding peak values of the estimated fractal box dimension from the displacement and velocity components are 1.10, 1.09 and 1.12 for the initial conditions of (-1, 0), (0, 0) and (1, 0). These estimates can be used to predict the fractal dimension of the corresponding Poincare section to within 14.9% maximum absolute error.

[Salau T. A.O. and Ajide O.O. Fractal Investigation of Temporal Distribution of Simulated Phase Variables of a chaotic dynamic system. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):6-14]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 2

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.02

 

Keywords: Chaotic system, Fractal, Temporal distribution, Cantor set and Duffing oscillator

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3

The impact of the financial crisis and audit quality on earnings quality in the Iranian capital market

 

Paria Karampour 1, Dr. Habibollah Rasoli 2

 

1.  Department of Accounting, Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad university, khorramshahr, iran

2.  Department of Accounting, Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad university, Abadan, Iran

 

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the financial crisis and audit quality on earnings quality in the capital market of Iran. It was used Altman model to measure the financial crisis and to assess audit quality standards as audit firm. Earnings quality is measured by the volatility of profit and income smoothing. To test the hypotheses of the data related to 90 companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange as the sample were analyzed the combined data for the period 1391-1387 for estimating Model suitable of hypotheses on combined data was used from Chow and Hausman test. The results showed that the financial crisis has a significant positive impact on fluctuations in interest and income smoothing. The results showed that audit quality has a significant negative impact on income smoothing, but has no significant effect on earnings volatility.

[Paria Karampour, Habibollah Rasoli. The impact of the financial crisis and audit quality on earnings quality in the Iranian capital market. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):15-19]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 3

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.03

 

Keywords: financial crisis, audit quality, quality of earnings, fluctuations in earnings, income smoothing

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3

4

Utopia in works of fiction DaneshvarSimin

 

Zahra Arian zad1, Dr. Manoochehr Tashakkori 2

 

1.  Department of Persian Language and Literature, Izeh Branch, Islamic Azad university, Izeh, Iran

2.Assistant Professor in Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran

 

Abstract: Utopia in start of the thinking path of human is double of and with human. Daneshvar Simin as an idealistic writer, always amidst his work and especially her works of fiction has expressed her utopian features and ideas. This thesis analyzes the thoughts of Utopia Simin Daneshvar with an emphasis on her works of fiction. After brief biography and literary works of this writer, the concept of utopia from the perspective of Western and Iranian intellectuals, who, like Plato, Aristotle and Iranian writer as al-Farabi, IbnSina and military poets Saadi, then the elements and features the ideal society from the perspective of Daneshvar will be analyzed. Finally, the biggest dream of writer is consisting of concepts, such as "peace, security, true love, eternity and love to God ".

[Zahra Arian zad, Manoochehr Tashakkori. Utopia in works of fiction Daneshvar Simin. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):20-24]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 4

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.04

 

Keywords: Simin Daneshvar, Utopia, human, government, religion, justice.

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5

The study of the Relationship between beta, company size, financial supply and cash flow from financial activities with sales and profitability in the Tehran Stock Exchange

 

Ali abdolahi 1, Issa heidari 2, Mojtaba amouri 3, said behzadi 4

 

1. Sama Technical and Vocational Training College, Islamic Azad University, Mahshahr Branch, Mahshahr, Iran

2.Department of Accounting Shoushtar Branch Islamic Azad University Shoushtar Iran

3. Khuzestan Electricity Distribution Company

4. Department of Accounting, Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramshahr, Iran.

 

AbstractThe main objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the beta, company size, liquidity and cash flows from financial activities with sales and profitability in the Tehran Stock Exchange. A sample of this study was to evaluate the effect of beta, company size, liquidity and cash flows from financial activities with sales and profitability, the number of 120 companies listed in the Tehran Stock Exchange during 1382 to 1385 respectively. The results of this study showed that there is a significant relationship between cash flow from financial activities and cash by selling. While there is no significant correlation between the beta and the size of the company with itsselling. There is a significant relationship between the cash from financial activities and cash flow with sales and profitability, but there is no significant correlation between the beta and the size of the company with profitability.

[Ali abdolahi, Issa heidari, Mojtaba amouri, said behzadi. The study of the Relationship between beta, company size, financial supply and cash flow from financial activities with sales and profitability in the Tehran Stock Exchange. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):25-29]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 5

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.05

 

Keywords: beta, size, liquidity, financial activities, profitability and sales

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6

Causes of TMJ Ankylosis in Anterior Sindh: An Observational Study

 

Qaimuddin Shaikh1, Muhammad Shahzad2, Usman Qadir Khan3

 

1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Bibi Aseefa Dental College, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University, Larkana

2 Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences Jamshoro

3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Shaikh Zayed Medical College/ Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan

 

Abstract: Objective: To identify the causes of TMJ in anterior Sindh and to observe the maximum recurrent cause of TMJ ankylosis. Materials and Method: Study was conducted at the Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery at Larkana, Pakistan from January 2013 to April 2015. In the current study 100 patients having TMJ Ankylosis were included. History of patients was RTA, middle ear infection, and autoimmune diseases. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: The maximum ratio of the patients belonged to 9-17 years and history of RTA was the main cause in the progression of TMJ. Conclusion: The main cause of TMJ ankylosis is Trauma in the patients in anterior Sindh.

[Qaimuddin Shaikh, Muhammad Shahzad, Usman Qadir Khan. Causes of TMJ Ankylosis in Anterior Sindh: An observational study. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):30-32]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 6

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.06

 

Keywords: TMJ, Causes, Anterior Sindh

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7

Rating of firms involved in Tehran Stock Exchange based on the accounting and non-accounting criteria using Fuzzy Topsis method

 

Arash Mahmoodi Gahrouyi 1, Dr. Soghra Ghobadi 2

 

1.  Department of Accounting, Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad university, khorramshahr, iran

2.  Department of Accounting, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad university, Ahvaz, Iran

 

Abstract: In this study, companies operating in the Tehran Stock Exchange based on accounting standards (which are directly derived from the Company's financial statement data) include: Cash conversion cycle, liquidity, capital structure, return on assets and the size of the company and also non-accounting criteria for performance evaluation include: Economic value added, Jensen's alpha, Sharpe Ratio and proportion Trainor, using Fuzzy Topsis method ranked and with ranking based on the Tehran Stock Exchange indices were compared and their correlation were obtained. The main objective of this study is to determine whether the company according to reports from Tehran Stock Exchange is ranked top among other companies, in ranking based on accounting and non-accounting criteria for evaluating the performance of other companies is higher or not. The research method used for this study was survey. To do the calculations and analyze the spreadsheet data software (Excel) and to test hypotheses 16 Spss and Spearman correlation coefficient was used. The results of hypothesis testing and correlation analysis shows that between ranking companies of Stock Exchange based on stock indexes and ranking based on accounting and non-accounting variables, there is a weak correlation and the ranking of the exchange only in terms of liquidity and return on assets, of accounting standards, and of non accounting standards with Jensen's alpha coefficient and Economic value added, there is a significant relationship.

[Arash Mahmoodi Gahrouyi, Soghra Ghobadi. Rating of firms involved in Tehran Stock Exchange based on the accounting and non-accounting criteria using Fuzzy Topsis method. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):33-38]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 7

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.07

 

Keywords: Fuzzy TOPSIS technique, rating of superior companies, accounting and non-accounting criteria, the cash conversion cycle, size, Sharpe ratio.

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8

Application of time-driven activity-based costing (TDABC) in the laboratory of Imam Ali Health Clinic in Dezful

 

Rezvan Hejazi1, Fatemeh Karmozi2, Samira Rahimi3

 

1. Accounting Professor, Al-Zahra University,Tehran, Iran

2. Accounting PhD student, Islamic Azad University, Bandarabbas Branch, Department of Accounting, Bandarabbas, Iran

3. Accounting PhD student, Islamic Azad University, Bandarabbas Branch, Department of Accounting, Bandarabbas, Iran

 

Abstract: The aim of the present study was to review the results of TDABC in health centers in comparison with the traditional costing method. In this case study, TDABC was used to calculate costs in the laboratory of Imam Ali Health Clinic in Dezful in 2014. Accounting records were used to collect the required data. Interviews and observations were used to determine the cost allocation basis. The results indicated an unused capacity of 3.3% in the relevant sector. According to the results, the costs estimated by TDABC were less than those estimated by the traditional costing method.

[Rezvan Hejazi, Fatemeh Karmozi, Samira Rahimi. Application of time-driven activity-based costing (TDABC) in the laboratory of Imam Ali Health Clinic in Dezful. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):39-43]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 8

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.08

 

Keywords: Activity based costing (ABC), Time-driven activity-based costing (TDABC), and Capacity cost rate

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9

Investigation the Impact of Land Surface Temperature on Type of Land Use

 

Soheila Youneszadeh Jalili1, Nima Karimi2, Mersedeh Taheri2, Petter Plejesso3

 

1. Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science Lund University, Lund, Sweden

2. Sharif University, MSc in Environmental Engineering, Department of Civil engineering, Tehran, Iran

3. Head of GIS center, Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

 

Abstract: Rapid Land use changes in Netherlands especially in urban expansion and open agriculture reduction which are due to enhanced economic growth. This research was investigated the impact of land surface temperature on type of land use in Netherlands using remote sensing, geographic information systems (GIS) and statistical methods. As land use change alters the thermal environment, LST could be a proper change indicator to show thermal changes in relation to land use changes. GIS was further applied to extract the coverage ratio of each land use in the context of LST pixels. Using correlation and linear regression this interrelationship was then quantified. Overall, the key results confirm that Build-up area and open agriculture has the largest LST difference between day and night values. Inland water has the maximum night LST, minimum day LST and the minimum LST difference between day and night.

[Soheila Youneszadeh Jalili, Nima Karimi, Mersedeh Taheri, Petter Plejesso. Investigation the Impact of Land Surface Temperature on Type of Land Use. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):44-50]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 9

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.09

 

Keywords: Land Surface Temperature (LST), Land Use, RS & GIS, Netherlands

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10

The study of the effect of manipulating the sales activities, production and discretionary spending on the cost of financing of the companies Tehran Stock Exchange

 

Abdolrahman Javerian1, Seyyed Ali Vaez

 

1.  Department of Accounting, Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramshahr, Iran

2.Assistant Professor in Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran

 

Abstract: The study of the effect of real earning management (earning management through manipulation of real activities) on the company's cost of capital. When the company's management to achieve a certain level of earnings, changes the level of real activity unusually, management of real benefit has been done. In this study, manipulation in three sale activities, production and related activities in optional cost (expenses that are under full control of management, including cost of propagations and research and development expenditure) was considered. The impact of each on the cost of the normal share capital companies has been investigated. The overall goal of this research is to study the position that whether the real activities of the management of company (here the activities of sales, production and optional activities) in order to manage earnings, has a significant impact on the cost of capital of the company or not? To test the hypotheses is used multiple regression analysis with panel data. In this approach, the three bound approach, fixed effects and random effects, using the test pattern (in this study, Leamer and Hausman test) are compared together and the best model is selected. It is recommended that investors and creditors before investing in companies, pay attention to real earning management in companies to prevent the transfer of funds to the companies with low earning quality.

[Abdolrahman Javerian, Seyyed Ali Vaez. The study of the effect of manipulating the sales activities, production and discretionary spending on the cost of financing of the companies Tehran Stock Exchange. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):51-56]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 10

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.10

 

Keywords: real earning management - real activities - the cost of capital

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11

Effect of time of siam weed (Chromolaena odorata) mulch application on soil properties, growth and tuber yield of white yam

 

Aruna Olasekan Adekiya1*, Taiwo Michael Agbede2 and Christopher Muyiwa Aboyeji1

 

1. Deparpment of Crop and Soil Sciences, Landmark University, P.M.B. 1001, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria

2. Department of Agricultural Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, P.M.B. 1019, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria

*Corresponding author. E- mail: adekiya2009@yahoo.com; Tel: 08034813715

 

Abstract: Experiments were conducted at two locations during the 2010/2011 cropping season for early yam production at Owo in the forest-savanna transition zone of southwest Nigeria to study the effect of time [December (D), January (J), February (F) and March (M) and a Control – no mulch (O)] of siam weed (Chromolaena odorata) mulch application on soil physical and chemical properties, growth and tuber yield of white yam. Mulch material in form of siam weed reduced soil temperature, bulk density, days to 50% sprouting and increased soil moisture content, SOM, N, P, K, Ca and Mg, vine length, leaf area and tuber yield of yam compared with the control. Mulch application in December (D) significantly produced higher (p = 0.05) SOM, N, P, K, Ca and Mg, vine length, leaf area and tuber yield of yam compared with mulch application in March (M). Mulch application in December (D) increased tuber yield of yam by 44.4% at site 1 and 47.4% at site 2 compared with the control (O). Similarly mulch application in December increased tuber yield of yam by 26.7% at site 1 and 23.2% at site 2 compared with March (M) application. However, because mulch application in December is statistically similar to January (J) applications in term of tuber yield, therefore either of the two is recommended for yam production.

[Adekiya, A.O., Agbede, T.M. Aboyeji, C.M. Effect of time of siam weed (Chromolaena odorata) mulch application on soil properties, growth and tuber yield of white yam. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):58-64]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 11

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.11

 

Keywords: Siam weed, mulch, yam, soil properties

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12

Utopia in works of fiction Daneshvar Simin

 

Omran De

 

omrande@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Utopia in start of the thinking path of human is double of and with human. Daneshvar Simin as an idealistic writer, always amidst his work and especially her works of fiction has expressed her utopian features and ideas. This thesis analyzes the thoughts of Utopia Simin Daneshvar with an emphasis on her works of fiction. After brief biography and literary works of this writer, the concept of utopia from the perspective of Western and Iranian intellectuals, who, like Plato, Aristotle and Iranian writer as al-Farabi, Ibn Sina and military poets Saadi, then the elements and features the ideal society from the perspective of Daneshvar will be analyzed. Finally, the biggest dream of writer is consisting of concepts, such as "peace, security, true love, eternity and love to God ".

[Omran De. Utopia in works of fiction Daneshvar Simin. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):65-69]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 12

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.12

 

Keywords: Simin Daneshvar, Utopia, human, government, religion, justice

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12

13

Effect of rubber effluent and urea fertilizer on the growth, yield and leaf quality of fluted pumpkin (telfairia occidentalis)

 

Dunsin O., Aboyeji C.M, and Agbaje G.O

 

Professor, Department of Crop & Soil Sciences, Landmark University, PMB 1001, Omu-Aran, Kwara-State. Nigeria

Corresponding author’s e-mail: dunsin.oluwagbenga@lmu.edu.ng

 

Abstract: The utilization of agro-processing by-products as a veritable source of nitrogen for vegetable production is being popularized. An experiment to determine the effect of rubber effluent as an inorganic fertilizer on the growth, yield and nutritional composition of fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis Hook. F) was conducted at Landmark University Teaching and Research Farm between 2014. The experiment consisted of four treatments which are: control, rubber effluent, urea, and rubber effluent + urea laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replicates. Data on the response of the morphological traits such as vine length, number of leaf/plant, and leaf area recorded fortnightly 2 weeks after transplanting while proximate composition on leaf were determined after harvest. Parameters assessed were significantly (p<0.05) increased by the applied fertilizer types. Rubber effluent + urea had the highest vine length at 4, 6, 8, and 10 WAT, urea fertilizer, had the highest leaf number at 8 & 10 WAT, while the leaf area was highest at 8 & 10 WAT with rubber effluent + urea treatment. The crude protein (41.76 %) was highest plant treated with rubber effluent + urea, while treatment with rubber effluent has the highest % in ether extract (13.33%) and crude fibre (7.5 %).

[Dunsin O., Aboyeji C.M, and Agbaje G.O. Effect of rubber effluent and urea fertilizer on the growth, yield and leaf quality of fluted pumpkin (telfairia occidentalis). N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):70-73]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 13

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.13

 

Keywords: Telfairia occidentalis, rubber effluent, yield, leaf quality

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14

The study of the effect of manipulating the sales activities, production and discretionary spending on the cost of financing of the companies Tehran Stock Exchange

 

Abdolrahman Javerian1, Seyyed Ali vaez

 

1.  Department of Accounting, Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad university, Khorramshahr, Iran

2.       Assistant Professor in Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran

 

Abstract: The study of the effect of real earning management (earning management through manipulation of real activities) on the company's cost of capital. When the company's management to achieve a certain level of earnings, changes the level of real activity unusually, management of real benefit has been done. In this study, manipulation in three sale activities, production and related activities in optional cost (expenses that are under full control of management, including cost of propagations and research and development expenditure) was considered. The impact of each on the cost of the normal share capital companies has been investigated. The overall goal of this research is to study the position that whether the real activities of the management of company (here the activities of sales, production and optional activities) in order to manage earnings, has a significant impact on the cost of capital of the company or not? To test the hypotheses is used multiple regression analysis with panel data. In this approach, the three bound approach, fixed effects and random effects, using the test pattern (in this study, Leamer and Hausman test) are compared together and the best model is selected. It is recommended that investors and creditors before investing in companies, pay attention to real earning management in companies to prevent the transfer of funds to the companies with low earning quality.

[Abdolrahman Javerian, Seyyed Ali vaez. The study of the effect of manipulating the sales activities, production and discretionary spending on the cost of financing of the companies Tehran Stock Exchange. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):74-80]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 14

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.14

 

Keywords: real earning management - real activities - the cost of capital

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15

Review the scope of human soul realm

 

Fatemeh Ferdowsi

 

Teacher of Farhangian University

 

Abstract: The human soul and its issues are the most important issues of Islamic philosophy. This article is of interest to determine the Scope the realm of the human soul which is intended to achieve such things as the manifestation and the integrity of the soul, the soul of the Caliph of Allah, topple the immateriality of the soul. This ambivalence reflects is that the human soul competency to accept the good and evil aspects equally have been recognized, because it can be at the peak of beauty and perfection or postal sin and the fall. So the realm of the human soul is very wide.

[Fatemeh Ferdowsi. Review the scope of human soul realm. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):81-84]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 15

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.15

 

Keywords: soul, trends, Scope, manifestation, integrity, celibacy

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16

Investigation effect of dialogue on fostering critical thinking among high school students

 

Abolfazl Ehsani

 

MSc of Educational Planning, Educational Planning Department, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University (ATU), Tehran, Iran

 a.ehsani84@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the effect of dialogue on critical thinking of first class in high school of Razan city. Research In terms of target, applied and research methods, like testing. The study population includes eighth grade students in the academic year 2013-2014 were enrolled in Razan city. A sample of 38 students was randomized cluster sampling in two experimental and control groups, respectively. To collect the data, critical thinking and to analyze the data Ennis implementation of a two-part questionnaire descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistics (multivariate analysis of variance and t test) were used. According to the findings of dialogue on critical thinking in high school students has a significant impact. In other words, this course will enhance students' critical thinking.

[Abolfazl Ehsani. Investigation effect of dialogue on fostering critical thinking among high school students. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):85-91]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 16

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.16

 

Keywords: dialogue, critical thinking, high school students

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17

The role of Meta-cognitive beliefs on stress in the volleyball players of Iran National team

 

Mojgan Kord1, Dr. Mohammad Hatami2

 

1. BSc in clinical psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2. Associate Professor of psychology in Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

 

Abstract: Tension or stress or mental pressure in Psychology means pressure or force, and any stimulus that creates the tension in the human, stressful or tension factor is called. Goal of this research is, examining the moderator role of meta-cognitive beliefs on stress in the member of volleyball national team of adolescents and adults, girls and boys volleyball federation Islamic Republic of Iran. The statistical population included all members of the national team volleyball adolescents, youth and adults, girls and boys Islamic Republic of Iran that now as national team members in 2012 were selected. Out of this number based on random sampling method and based on Morgan table 85 people boys and girls (54 boys and 31 girls) were selected as sample. The results of research showed that meaningful and negative relationship is between meta-cognitive beliefs and athletic stress. Relationship between meta-cognitive beliefs and sport access is a meaningful and positive relationship. Meta-cognitive beliefs have mediator role in the between stress with athletic success and this role was meaningful at the level of 0.01. In addition, meta-cognitive beliefs could predict rate of athletic success.

[Mojgan Kord, Mohammad Hatami. The role of Meta-cognitive beliefs on stress in the volleyball players of Iran National team. N Y Sci J 2015;8(9):92-98]. (ISSN: 1554-0200). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 17

doi:10.7537/marsnys080915.17

 

Keywords: meta-cognitive beliefs, stress, members of the National Volleyball Team

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from August 27, 2015

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