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Science Journal

 

New York Science Journal

(N Y Sci J)

ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online), doi prefix: 10.7537, Monthly

Volume 9 - Number 2 (Cumulated No. 84); February 25, 2016

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Liver function status in hepatitis C virus patients with chronic Renal Failure on hemodialysis

 

Fawzy Megahed Khalil1, Mohamed Ahmed El Assal1, Ahmed Mohamed Hussein Dabour1, Ahmed Hassan El.Thakaby2 and Ibrahim Hamdy Ibrahim2.

 

1. Internal Medicine department, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Qalyubia, Egypt.

2.Nephrology and Internal Medicine department, National Institute of Nephrology and Urology, Cairo, Egypt.

Swallow_special_boss@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: The aims of this study is to clarify hemodialysis related changes in liver function status in hepatitis C virus patients versus negative patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis. Subjects and Methods: The study included 70 patients with history of chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis for more than 1 year ago: 40 Patients with hepatitis C virus are patient group, and 30 Patients without hepatitis C virus are control group. The study was performed at national institute of nephrology and urology, in Cairo. Patients were subjected to full history taking, clinical examination including blood pressure measurement, and laboratory studies including: complete blood count, Serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, Aspartate aminotransferase, international ratio, total proteins, albumin, urea, creatinine, sodium, potassium, cholesterol, triglycerides, virology markers using Enzyme Linked-Immunoassay technique over 1 year with 3 months between each one, and polymerase chain reaction for hepatitis C virus Ribo Nucleic Acid once allover the study. Results: The study showed no significant difference between patients and control as regard serum liver aminotransferases, albumin and international ratio allover the study, and all are within normal ranges, also 72.5%, 22.5% and 5% of patients group are in low, intermediate, and high viremia respectively, and with Comparative study between low, intermediate and high viremia as regard duration of starting dialysis (years) there is: highly significant difference between them, indicating that: There is inverse association with increase duration of starting dialysis there is decrease in hepatitis C viral load. Conclusion: Our data confirm that patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis with hepatitis C virus have normal level of liver aminotransferases, and low viremia in hepatitis C virus patients on hemodialysis is an important factor in maintaining them with in normal ranges, and this low viral load may be related to duration since starting of hemodialysis.

[Fawzy Megahed Khalil, Mohamed Ahmed El Assal, Ahmed Mohamed Hussein Dabour, Ahmed Hassan El.Thakaby, Ibrahim Hamdy Ibrahim. Liver function status in hepatitis C virus patients with chronic Renal Failure on hemodialysis. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):1-8]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 1.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.01

 

Keywords: Hepatitis C virus, Chronic kidney disease, Hemodialysis

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1

2

Hematological and Biochemical Changes In Pyrexic Subjects Attending Olabisi Onabanjo University Health Centre, Ago Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria

 

J.B. Folorunso1, E.S. James2, D.S.K. Olanrewaju-Kehinde3, A. Davies4, R.M. Kolawole5 and B.T. Thomas5

 

1Department of Medical Laboratory, Health Services Directorate, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye,

Ogun State, Nigeria

2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria

3Department of Environment Science (Microbiology option), Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria

4Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Babcock University, Ilisan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria

5Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, University of Lagos, Akoka, Nigeria

benthoa2013@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This study evaluated the hematological and biochemical indices of pyrexic subjects using standard techniques. Results obtained revealed no significant variation between the packed cell volume and the random blood sugar of both the pyrexic subjects and the control group (P>0.05). However, an apparent statistical disparity was observed in the white blood cell counts of both the pyrexic and the control group with the pyrexic subjects having an approximately 20% percentage white blood cell reduction relative to the control group (P<0.05). It can therefore be concluded based on our research findings that pyrexia of bacterial origin have a statistical significant relationship with the white blood cell count and not any other examined hematological and/biochemical parameters.

[J.B. Folorunso, E.S. James, D.S.K. Olanrewaju-Kehinde, A. Davies and B.T. Thomas. Hematological and Biochemical Changes In Pyrexic Subjects Attending Olabisi Onabanjo University Health Centre, Ago Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):9-11]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 2.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.02

 

Keywords: Hematological, biochemical, pyrexic subjects

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3

Investigating of an end to end security for wireless sensor networks

 

Ahmad Sharifi1, Mohsen Khosravi2, Hasan Sharifi3, Jallaledin Sharifi4

 

1.  School of Information Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, India

2.  Faculty of Information and Communication Technology, International Islamic university Malaysia (IIUM)

3. Faculty of Management, Islamic Azad University of Shahrood, Iran

4.  IT Section, Sharif Network Designers Company, Shahrood, Iran

ahmadsharifi.it@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Nowadays, providing security for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is an important subject. So, it is necessary to establish safety for sensors and sink, hence end to end services are emphasized. In this analysis, an end to end secure transmission procedure in arbitrary utilization of WSN was considered. The purpose of this study was improving flexibility of specific links by a methodology entitled differentiated key pre-distribution, including circulation of miscellaneous numbers of keys for different sensors. A higher resilience link was acquired by dissemination extra keys to some nodes.

[Ahmad Sharifi, Mohsen Khosravi, Hasan Sharifi, Jallaledin Sharifi. Investigating of an end to end security for wireless sensor networks. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):12-18]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 3.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.03

 

Keywords: End to end security, Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), Distribution, Security, Sensor

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4

Dynamic relationship between fluctuations of exchange rate and stock index listed companies in Tehran Stock Exchange

 

Seyyed Hadi Edris pour

 

Department of Accounting , Persian Gulf International Branch , Islamic Azad university , khorramshahr , iran

 

Abstract: Stock Exchange as one of the most elements of the capital market in the country is able to Flowing and equips of stagnant savings in the country and pushing them towards production, moves towards growth, accelerates the economic development. In this study, given the importance of the market in the economy, we study the dynamics of the relationship between exchange rate fluctuations and stock market index Tehran Stock Exchange. In this study, quarterly data from 1376 to 1392 Tehran Stock Price Index (TEPIX) and market exchange rate will be used. This study for the extraction of exchange rate fluctuations and the stock index, will studied GARCH model. The Johansen cointegration test for the analysis checks long-term relationship between the fluctuations of stock indices and exchange rate fluctuations. The results show that there is long-term relationship between exchange rate and stock prices.

[Seyyed Hadi Edris pour. Dynamic relationship between fluctuations of exchange rate and stock index listed companies in Tehran Stock. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):19-24]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 4.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.04

 

Keywords: exchange rate, stock index, GARCH model

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5

The impact of the financial crisis and audit quality on earnings quality in the Iranian capital market

 

Abdollah Kaabi

 

Department of Accounting, Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad university, khorramshahr, iran

 

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the financial crisis and audit quality on earnings quality in the capital market of Iran. It was used Altman model to measure the financial crisis and to assess audit quality standards as audit firm. Earnings quality is measured by the volatility of profit and income smoothing. To test the hypotheses of the data related to 90 companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange as the sample were analyzed the combined data for the period 1391-1387 for estimating Model suitable of hypotheses on combined data was used from Chow and Hausman test. The results showed that the financial crisis has a significant positive impact on fluctuations in interest and income smoothing. The results showed that audit quality has a significant negative impact on income smoothing, but has no significant effect on earnings volatility.

[Abdollah Kaabi. The impact of the financial crisis and audit quality on earnings quality in the Iranian capital market. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):25-29]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 5.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.05

 

Keywords: financial crisis, audit quality, quality of earnings, fluctuations in earnings, income smoothing

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6

Investigation the concept of compensation for damages caused by oil pollution in the United Nations Commission

 

Zahra Pakyari

 

Graduate of International Law, Tarbiat Modares University

 

Abstract: Monitoring and evaluation of environmental damage is one of the issues that the Commission's decision No. 7 as an example of direct damage. Accordingly, the cost of direct damage and depletion of natural resources will be payable. These costs include the opinion and assessment of environmental damage and reduce damage to the process of assessment and rehabilitation of the environment. In this article we try to answer the question whether these costs can be considered as part of the damages or not; because it still has not been proven damages in certain areas. However, the Board of Governors of the costs as directs costs, and not even indirect losses. Due to the amount of compensation claims, environmental claims and received, compared with the total volume of the proceedings of the Commission as well as the material environment as well as the extent of the losses incurred shows. Four main claims are: 1) Damages for the cost of monitoring and evaluation of environmental damage; 2) Costs related to the cleanup and restoration of the environment; 3) Costs related to the cost of public health monitoring and treatment; 4) Damages related to loss or damage to natural resources.

[Zahra Pakyari. Investigation the concept of compensation for damages caused by oil pollution in the United Nations Commission. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):30-33]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.06

 

Keywords: environmental damage, oil pollution, the UN compensation commission

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7

Provide a model for determining the strategy level of orienting Khorramshahr port by Kaplan and Norton model

 

Susan Joudaki

 

Department of Financial Management, Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramshahr, Iran

 

Abstract: Organizations to better control and more comprehensive planning strongly felt that requires to the evaluation system with a logical and systematic performance. The study "provides a model to determine the strategy level of orienting Khoramshahar Port by Kaplan and Norton model" that it under a conceptual model by using the balanced scorecard and performance evaluation and by using AHP an integrated and strategic performance evaluation system identifies quantitative and qualitative indicators to offer. The population of the research was staff of Khorramshahar. To collect data in the form of a Likert questionnaire was used. In this study, 55 indicators in the balanced scorecard to assess various aspects of which were identified that among them by using a questionnaire and the Likert scale based on population sample size According to Morgan, 210 managers, employees and experts of Khorramshahr port were considered. The study showed that the addition of a model to assess the strategic level of orientation, thinking management of khorramshahar port is considered. They were not mentioned in the previous investigation. The study also provided suggestions at the end of the study.

[Susan Joudaki. Provide a model for determining the strategy level of orienting Khorramshahr port by Kaplan and Norton. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):34-40]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 7.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.07

 

Keywords: performance evaluation, balanced scorecard, effectiveness, Khorramshahr Port Authority

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8

Platelets function in patients with coronary artery diseases

 

Abd Elshafy Tabl, Nabil Khattab, Hesham Abdelrazek, Abdelmoniem Abdelmoniem, Ebtsam Mostafa Abd Allah

 

Internal medicine department, Faculty of medicine, Banha University, Qalyubia, Egypt

Hatemk1k2@gmail.com, hatemkkkk@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The knowledge of platelet function has improved substantially over the past decade, particularly in the setting of CVD. Studies have defined a role for transcripts in anucleate platelets, which contain a broad number of miRNAs that seem to have functional relevance. The triad of functional activity of CD40L in atherosclerotic models, high content in platelets, and mobilization during platelet thrombosis provides a readily testable hypothesis and places platelet-derived CD40L squarely in the forefront as an important, mitigating factor in this disease. Still, several questions arise.

[Abd Elshafy Tabl, Nabil Khattab, Hesham Abdelrazek, Abdelmoniem Abdelmoniem, Ebtsam Mostafa Abd Allah. Platelets function in patients with coronary artery diseases. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):41-49]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online).

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.08

 

Key words: Platelets; Coronary Artery Disease; Mirna; Cd40

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9

Service oriented survey on job satisfaction, financial performance and customer satisfaction was mediated by National Bank branches in Ahvaz

 

Susan Joudaki

 

Department of Financial Management, Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad university, Khorramshahr, Iran

 

Abstract: The aim of all institutions Bank Ha services including tailored service and customer satisfaction. Since the financial service provider organizations, especially in an environment Bank Ha work with undifferentiated products, quality services as they compete first weapon known as quality of service and customer satisfaction, strategic issue for organizations their service. Khvasth Ha and preferences of customers better than competitor organizations to respond to them satisfaction, business performance will Mvfq Try. Given the expressed aim of this study was to examine the issue of how SOA on the financial performance of the role will affect job satisfaction and customer satisfaction? The aim of the present study, the research for numerous applications. According to the method of data collection, including the researcher-descriptive study - Ali respectively. The population of this research managers and employees in all branches of the National Bank is the city of Ahvaz. Given that the number of branches of the National Bank in the city of Ahvaz 69 branches and 681 employees total sample size of 246 people have been met. In this study hypotheses analysis software SPSS (22) and lisrel (8.5) was used. The results show the positive effects of Khdmt Grayy on customer satisfaction, job satisfaction and financial performance respectively. Customer satisfaction was confirmed positive impact on financial performance, but the impact on customer satisfaction and job satisfaction of the National Bank in this study was rejected.

[Susan Joudaki. Service oriented survey on job satisfaction, financial performance and customer satisfaction was mediated by National Bank branches in Ahvaz. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):50-56]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 9.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.09

 

Keywords: Khdmt Grayy, job satisfaction, customer satisfaction, financial performance

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10

Rating of firms involved in Tehran Stock Exchange based on the accounting and non-accounting criteria using Fuzzy Topsis method

 

Abdollah Kaabi

 

Department of Accounting, Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramshahr, Iran

omrande@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: In this study, companies operating in the Tehran Stock Exchange based on accounting standards (which are directly derived from the Company's financial statement data) include: Cash conversion cycle, liquidity, capital structure, return on assets and the size of the company and also non-accounting criteria for performance evaluation include: Economic value added, Jensen's alpha, Sharpe Ratio and proportion Trainor, using Fuzzy Topsis method ranked and with ranking based on the Tehran Stock Exchange indices were compared and their correlation were obtained. The main objective of this study is to determine whether the company according to reports from Tehran Stock Exchange is ranked top among other companies, in ranking based on accounting and non-accounting criteria for evaluating the performance of other companies is higher or not. The research method used for this study was survey. To do the calculations and analyze the spreadsheet data software (Excel) and to test hypotheses 16 Spss and Spearman correlation coefficient was used. The results of hypothesis testing and correlation analysis shows that between ranking companies of Stock Exchange based on stock indexes and ranking based on accounting and non-accounting variables, there is a weak correlation and the ranking of the exchange only in terms of liquidity and return on assets, of accounting standards, and of non accounting standards with Jensen's alpha coefficient and Economic value added, there is a significant relationship.

[Abdollah Kaabi. Rating of firms involved in Tehran Stock Exchange based on the accounting and non-accounting criteria using Fuzzy Topsis method. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):57-62]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 10.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.10

 

Keywords: Fuzzy TOPSIS technique, rating of superior companies, accounting and non-accounting criteria, the cash conversion cycle, size, Sharpe ratio.

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11

Implementation of Health Care on High School Students in Amol City

Case Study: Control Violence Behaviour and Smoking

 

Fereshteh Fani1, Seyed Jamaledin Tabibi2, Mahmood Reza Gohari3

 

1. M.Sc., Department of Health Services Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran.

        2.  Professor, Department of Health Services Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic    Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran.

3. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics. 

fani.fereshteh@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Students' health promotion is a key strategy in long run planning and also mentioned in the Iranian Constitution. This analytical study was done by cross-sectional quantitative method. The Population of the study was consist of 2182 high-school students from first and second base. 250 students were selected as sample. Cronbach's alpha reliability was 0.8 and confirmed. Using SPSS software and Mann Whitney Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was analyzed. Create a learning environment, supportive and positive communication in schools is more effective in preventing risky behaviors health.

[Fereshteh Fani, Seyed Jamaledin Tabibi, Mahmood Reza Gohari. Implementation of Health Care on High School Students in Amol City Case Study: Control Violence Behaviour and Smoking. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):63-70]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 11.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.11

 

Keywords: Health Care Plan for Students, Risky Health Behaviours in Schools, Amol City

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Detection of postoperative cholesteatoma with diffusion-weighted MR imaging

 

Ashraf S. El-hamshary; Abo Bakr E.; Mohamed I. Hassan and Manar M.S. Selim

 

Otorhinolaryngology and Radiology Departments, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University.

Drmanar.selim@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Objectives: To highlight the reliability of DW MRI in the identification of the postoperative cholesteatoma in confrontation with the surgical finding. Data Sources: Medline databases (PubMed, Medscape, ScienceDirect. EMF-Portal) and all materials available in the Internet from 2006 to 2016. Study Selection: The initial search presented 170 articles of which 44 met the inclusion criteria. Data Extraction: If the studies did not fulfill the inclusion criteria, they were excluded. Study quality assessment included whether ethical approval was gained, eligibility criteria specified, appropriate controls, adequate information and defined assessment measures. Data Synthesis: Comparisons were made by structured review with the results tabulated. Findings: Cholesteatoma is a common problem encountered in otology clinics. The major argument in favour of closed technique is the presence of a normal ear canal, which avoids the need for regular aural toilet and also enables the better use of a hearing aid. In a preoperative patient, high-resolution CT (computerized tomography) and conventional T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan complement each other in providing detailed assessment of the extent of the disease and the anatomy of the temporal bone. Following mastoid surgery, both of these imaging modalities cannot reliably distinguish between residual or recurrent disease and other post-operative changes such as fuid, granulation or infammatory tissue. Recent advances in MRI techniques such as “diffusion weighted” and “delayed post-gadolinium” sequences have suggested that these imaging modalities may help in the diagnosis of residual cholesteatoma. In diffusion- weighted MRI scans, several different types of imaging sequences have been described for the evaluation of cholesteatoma. DW-weighted MRI is based on the principle of random microscopic motion (Brownian motion) of water molecules. A pair of pulsed magnetic fields are applied within a given time interval and the net shift of water molecules is observed between the two pulses. This “diffusion” of water molecules differs in each biological tissue. Conclusion: DW EPI fails to demonstrate middle ear cholesteatoma with a size smaller than 5 mm due to susceptibility artifacts, lower imaging matrix and relatively thick slices. Recent papers have highlighted the advantages of non-echoplanar-based diffusion-weighted sequences compared to DW EPI.

[Ashraf S. El-hamshary; Abo Bakr E.; Mohamed I. Hassan and Manar M.S. Selim. Detection of postoperative cholesteatoma with diffusion-weighted MR imaging. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):71-78]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 12.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.12

 

Key words: postoperative cholesteatoma, diffusion-weighted, magnetic resonance imaging

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Phytochemical Constituents and Proximate Composition of Nephrolepis cordifolia (L) C. PRESL grown in Nigeria

 

Adedeji Olayinka Adebiyi

 

Department of Plant Science, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria

djadebiyi@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Phytochemical and proximate analyses of the matured leaflets of Nephrolepis cordifolia (L) C. Presl were carried out using standard methods. The results of the phytochemical screening showed the presence of tannin (11.50mg/100g), alkaloids (9.06mg/100g), flavonoids (16.53mg/100g), phenols (8.33mg/100g), saponin (1.20mg/100g) and glycosides (5.44mg/100g). Terpenes were however absent. The distribution of these secondary metabolites in the matured leaflets   of N. cordifolia suggests their relevance in ethnomedicine and clinical research. Results of the proximate analysis showed that the matured leaflets of N. cordifolia contained moisture (86.58%), crude protein (0.78%), fat (0.34%), ash (2.50%), fibre (4.36%) and carbohydrate (7.79%). This suggests that the matured leaflets can be a source of nutrients especially for the ruminants when supplemented.

[Adedeji Olayinka Adebiyi. Phytochemical Constituents and Proximate Composition of Nephrolepis cordifolia (L) C. PRESL grown in Nigeria. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):79-82]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 13.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.13

 

Keywords: Nephrolepis cordifolia, phytochemical screening, proximate composition

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Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the fish species Sarotherodon melanotheron from Alaro Stream Ecosystem in Ibadan.

 

Emmanuel Teryila Tyokumbur.

 

Department of Zoology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Email: e.tyokumbur@mail.ui.edu.ng

 

Abstract: A study was carried out on the bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the fish species Sarotherodon melanotheron from Alaro Stream Ecosystem in Ibadan. Fishes have been identified as affordable protein source that are efficient bioaccumulators of organic and inorganic pollutants which depends on the age of the fish, lipid content in the tissue and mode of feeding that are significant factors that affect the accumulation of heavy metals in fishes. The objective of the study was to evaluate the bioaccumulation of the heavy metals and to compare it with international permissible limits for public health good. Twenty five (25) fish were collected from the Alaro stream and dissected to remove the gills, fins, gut, liver, bones and muscle. These organs were oven dried at 1050C for 6hours, pulverized and acid digested for heavy metal analyses. The results showed that the mean Ni and Se in the organs of S. melanotheron were above the World Health Organization (WHO) permissible limit guideline standard of 0.07 and 0.04ppm respectively. The mean Zn in the organs of S.melanotheron did not exceed the permissible limit of 1000ppm. It can be concluded that there is need for moderation in the consumption of fish obtained from Alaro Stream in Ibadan through monitoring of daily intakes even though some heavy metals that have physiological relevance have been found to exceed the recommended permissible limits since there is no massive fisheries output from the aquatic ecosystem that forms a major part of the diet in the populace.

[Emmanuel Teryila Tyokumbur. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the fish species Sarotherodon melanotheron from Alaro Stream Ecosystem in Ibadan. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):83-88]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 14.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.14

 

Keywords: Bioaccumulation, heavy metals, fish, Sarotherodon melanotheron, Ibadan

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Psychological Competence And The Art Of Being A Doctor

 

Gulchehra Izbullayeva, Mukhtarov Erkin Mustafaevich

 

Doctor, the Candidate of Psychology, the docent of the Department of Psychology at Bukhara State University, Bukhara city, Uzbekistan

izbullayeva@mail.ru

 

Abstract: The intensification of the society development presents new requirements to the specialists of various spheres. The growth of the intensity of social economic and political processes causes a lot of strain on the psychology of people which results in the emergence of psychological tension. This article deals with the analysis of psychological competency and the art of being a doctor. The concept of competence levels including the explanation of psychological peculiarities of each of them is presented.

[Gulchehra Izbullayeva, Mukhtarov Erkin Mustafaevich. Psychological Competence And The Art Of Being A Doctor. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):89-92]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 15.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.15

 

Keywords: professional activity of a doctor, psychological structure of medical practice, the competence of a doctor, the art of being a doctor

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Growth and Extracellular Enzyme Production of Micrococcus Species from Fermented “Ugba”

 

Oyedeji, Funmilayo Nike and Ijigbade, Bamidele

 

Department of Biology, Federal Capital Territory College of Education, P.M.B. 61, Abuja, Nigeria

Email: deleijigbade@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Growth and extracellular enzyme production by Micrococcus species from fermented “ugba” was conducted in Abuja, Nigeria. A total of twenty samples of “Ugba” were collected from four different markets at Gwagwalada area, Abuja and screened for the presence of Micrococcus spp by using Spread Plate Technique. A total of 12 Micrococcus isolates were observed with Micrococcus luteus recorded the highest with 5 (41.67 %), followed by Micrococcus roseus with 4(33.33 %) and the least isolate recorded was Micrococcus lysae with 3(25 %) out of the total isolates. The results of the primary screening of the bacteria strains by palm oil agar Plate method shows that Micrococcus luteus recorded 32.00 4.67 mm, followed by Micrococcus lysae with 28.67 2.44 mm and Micrococcus roseus recorded 22.33 6.78 mm. The quantities of the lipase enzyme produced by the Micrococcus spp also shows that Micrococcus roseus recorded the highest value of 14.03 2.10 mm, followed by Micrococcus luteus with 12.20 1.00 mm and Micrococcus lysae recorded 10.51 2.00 mm. The growth and extracellular enzyme produced by Micrococcus spp from fermented “Ugba” were not significantly different at P = 0.05 level of significant. Proper handling of “Ugba” during production or product pasteurization after production may be necessary to kill Micrococcus sp in ugba and halt the enzyme production which participates in spoilage.

[Oyedeji, Funmilayo Nike and Ijigbade, Bamidele. Growth and Extracellular Enzyme Production of Micrococcus Species from Fermented “Ugba”. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):93-97]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 16.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.16

 

Keywords: Micrococcus, “Ugba”, Lipase, Enzyme

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The Effects of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on the Growth Performance of Celosia argentea L.

 

Ayeni, Modupe Janet

 

Department of Plant Science, Ekiti State University, Ado - Ekiti, Nigeria.

jayeni@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Pot experiments were conducted to determine the effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth of Celosia argentea L. The experiment was laid in Completely Random Design with five treatments. NPK and Urea (200kgha-1) and 6t ha-1of cow dung and poultry manure were used. The results revealed that cow dung manure treated seedlings produced the highest growth at 6 weeks after transplanting (6WAT) followed by poultry manure. Urea fertilizer produced the highest number of leaves at harvest. NPK fertilizer produced the highest leaf area. NPK, Urea and poultry manure had similar stem girth. Urea treated seedlings had the highest number of green leaves. NPK fertilizer treated seedlings showed the highest number of spikes followed by poultry manure. Cow dung treated seedlings with NPK had the similar relative growth rates. All the parameters accessed showed that the control experiments had the least growth. Statistical analyses (ANOVA, P < 0.05) showed that significant differences were observed in the growth parameters studied when the treatments were compared to the control experiment except the relative growth rate that showed no significant difference from the control experiment. It was observed that organic fertilizer performed better in some parameters accessed on the growth of C. argentea. It is suggested that organic fertilizers (poultry and cow dung) might be a good option of fertilizers in the cultivation of this vegetable by the farmers who cannot afford the price of inorganic fertilizers.

[Ayeni, Modupe Janet. The Effects of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on the Growth Performance of Celosia argentea L. N Y Sci J 2016;9(2):98-103]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 17.

doi:10.7537/marsnys090216.17

 

Keywords: Celosia argentea, poultry manure, NPK, cow dung, urea

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from January 28, 2016. 

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