[an error occurred while processing this directive]

 

 

Science Journal

 

New York Science Journal

(N Y Sci J)

ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online), doi prefix: 10.7537, Monthly

Volume 9 - Number 7 (Cumulated No. 89); July 25, 2016

Cover (jpg), Cover (pdf), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, ny0907

 

You can use the message in end of the article abstract to cite it.

To get Microsoft Documents: After you open the "Full Text" for each article, change the last 3 characters of the web address from .pdf to .doc (or .docx)

Welcome to send your manuscript to: sciencepub@gmail.com

When you submit manuscript(s), please mention that it is submitted to New York Science Journal

http://www.sciencepub.net/nature; newyorksci@sciencepub.net

CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Using newrb for analysts’ equity forecasts

 

Seyed Mohammad Hoseini Khorami

 

Department of accounting, Safashahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Safashahr, Iran

E-mail: sm_hoseini28@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: A neural network (NN), in the case of artificial neurons called artificial neural network (ANN) is an interconnected group of natural or artificial neurons that uses a mathematical or computational model for information processing based on a connectionist approach to computation. This study utilizes newrb technique. The function newrb creates and trains an RBF neural network. In this way, it examines 42 samples from 2005 to 2012. The results shows that the method demonstrate about 99% for train data and test data performance of classification rate.

[Seyed Mohammad Hoseini Khorami. Using newrb for analysts’ equity forecasts. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):1-5]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 16. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.01.

 

Keywords: newrb function, artificial neural network

Full Text

1

2

Evaluation of the Knowledge, Source of Information and Quality of Life among Multiple Sclerosis Patients in Saudi Arabia

 

Alia Almoajel, PhD 1, Razan Al-Youssef 2, Norah Al-Shammari2, Sarah Al-Khathlan2

 

1Assistant professor, Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University.

2Students at Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University.

almoajela@gmail.com

 

Abstract: objective: the aim of the present study is to examine the awareness and knowledge of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) toward their illness and their source of information, and the quality of life across gender, age and symptom severity. Method: Cross-sectional study used by using a self – administered questionnaire. Setting and Participants: The sample was collected from patients Registered in “Arfaa society” and their followers on social media, 143 participants were qualified for the study. Results: General knowledge about MS among patients were unexpectedly high, and the primary source of information was obtained from the internet. The only health education provider in hospitals were doctors, yet one third of participant’s complaints were about difficulties in communicating with their doctors during their visits. None of the patients have had a health education specialist to educate them about the disease and nature of relapses. The quality of life was relatively high throughout all participants, with only 7% of them with a very low quality of life. The lower the knowledge about MS among patients, the lower the quality of life they receive. Conclusions: Patient information and counseling needs to be included in the management plan for Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients, through health education specialists, especially at early stages of disease for management of the disease relapses.

[Alia Almoajel, Razan Al-Youssef, Norah Al-Shammari, Sarah Al-Khathlan. Evaluation of the Knowledge, Source of Information and Quality of Life among Multiple Sclerosis Patients in Saudi Arabia. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):6-10]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 2. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.02.

 

Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, chronic disease, knowledge, source of information and quality of life

Full Text

2

3

Investigate the joint effect of tobacco exposure and alteration of TNF-α CD8,MDA and GSH levels in blood of Iraqi smokers

 

1.Bushra jasim Mohammed, 1. Amina AL-Thwani-1, 2Raghuraman Kannan-2,

 

1.Institute of genetic engineering and biotechnology -University of Baghdad; 2.University of Missouri

bbushra880@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: Cigarette smoke cause alteration in body biological factors,so we hypothesized that the TNF, CD8, MDA and GSH will change in smoker's blood compared to non smoker subjects. Methods: blood samples were obtained from Iraqi smokers and non smoker subjects. Levels of TNF-α and CD8 were assessed by ELISA whereas MDA and GSH were measured via optical density using microplate reader. Results: levels of TNF-α, CD8, MDA were significantly increased while the levels of GSH were significantly decreased at the age more than 56 year, also association with consumption more than one pack per day, and with duration of smoking more than 20 year compared with others smoker groups. Conclusions: The results were demonstrated increase TNF-α, CD8, MDA levels and decrease GSH levels in blood of smokers

[Mohammed B, AL-Thwani A, Kannan R. Investigate the joint effect of tobacco exposure and alteration of TNF-α CD8,MDA and GSH levels in blood of Iraqi smokers. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):11-16]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 3. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.03.

 

Keywords: cigarette smoke TNF-α, CD8, MDA, GSH

Full Text

3

4

Smoking Habit among Medical Students of Northern Border University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

 

Nagah Mohamed Abo el-Fetoh1, Nesreen A. Mohammed2, Anfal M. Alanazi3, Habibah T. Alruwaily3, Jawaher Ali Alhowaish3, Omar TabaanAlenezi3, and Shereen M Olama4

 

1*Associated Prof. of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Egypt & Faculty of Medicine, Northern border University, KSA

2 Lecturer of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Egypt

3Faculty of Medicine, Northern border University, KSA

7Dept. of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt

*elshmaa3332004@yahoo.com, nesreenhammad180@yahoo.com, toop-1991@hotmail.com, lula3332010@hotmail.com, diamond-135@hotmail.com, ulv-11@hotmail.Com, olamasm@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Tobacco is the most important preventable cause of mortality worldwide. An alarming increase in smoking among young adults since the early 1990s was reported. Studies have shown that initiating smoking early in life is associated with increased risk for serious health outcomes. Aim of the Study: This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of smoking among medical students of Northern Border University in Arar City, to determine the ecological factors for the problem, and to show the students’ knowledge about smoking effects. Subjects and Methods: The study was cross sectional study. It was conducted in February 2016.All medical students at the time of study (n = 377) were included, with response rate = 80.01%. Data collected via personal interview and filling a questionnaire which was prepared after reviewing literature for similar studies. RESULTS: Males comprised (88.2%) of the respondent medical students who smoke with a highly significant difference (P < 0.001) between males and females as regards smoking. Year of study of medical student, educational achievement and family history of smoking had a significant effect (P < 0.05) on medical students smoking. Of the studied smoker medical students 35.6% reported that they smoke both cigarette and water pipe. 66.7% of smoker students reported that they had the intention to stop smoking and 82.4% considered smoking as hazardous. CONCLUSION: Smoking among medical students is considered a problem and efforts are needed to help students to quit smoking and this is considered as a preventive approach to smoking among tomorrow's doctors.

[Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Nesreen A. Mohammed, Anfal M. Alanazi, Habibah T. Alruwaily, Jawaher Ali Alhowaish, Omar Tabaan Alenezi, and Shereen M Olama. Smoking Habit among Medical Students of Northern Border University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):17-21]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 4. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.04.

 

Keywords: Smoking; medical students; prevalence; consumption pattern; impact of tobacco use.

Full Text

4

5

Photovoltaic Cell Output Voltage Variations with Time and Inclination Angle

 

Olufemi Olusola Kehinde 1, Frederick Ojiemhende Ehiagwina 1, Lateef Oroseniwo Afolabi 1, Olajide Abdulmutolib Olaoye 2

 

1. Department of Electrical/Electronics Engineering, School of Engineering, Federal Polytechnic, Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria

2. Department of Physics Electronics, School of Applied Science, Federal Polytechnic, Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria

mailto:frederick.ehiagiwna@fedpoffaonline.edu.ng

 

Abstract: The problems with electrical power distribution coupled with its unavailability and uncertainty when urgently needed has led many households to seek alternative sources of energy. An alternative often sought is power generation based on fossil fuel, which is expensive and negatively impact on the environment. Although, solar is favoured as viable source of energy, the output voltage and current from photovoltaic solar panels are not constant but varies with time of day, geographical location and inclination or tilting angle. Therefore, there is a need to experimentally observe these factors influencing solar output in a locality of interest for better solar power system design. In this paper we investigated the best inclination angle for PV panel installation in Offa, North Central Nigeria. We also studied the variation of solar panel voltage and current output with time of day. In order to assist solar power system designer, this article presented typical energy consumption pattern for different income classes. The highest PV voltage output was obtained at 300 - 400. Moreover, from experimental observation of variation of solar PV during a daytime hours over a seven-day period, the highest voltage and current readings were obtained at around 13:00-13:30. We report that the energy consumed by households ranges from 4.423 kWh/day to 46.520 kWh/day.

[Kehinde OO, Ehiagwina FO, Afolabi LO, Olaoye OA. Photovoltaic Cell Output Voltage Variations with Time and Inclination Angle. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):22-28]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 5. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.05.

 

Keywords: Energy consumption; photovoltaic; PV tilt; solar panel; inclination angle, solar radiation

Full Text

5

6

The effect of air pollutants on heart rate during Physical Activity

 

Araz Nazari ٭1 , Yazgaldi Nazari 2

 

1.       Department of Physical Education and Sport sciences, Higher Educational Complex of Saravan, Iran.

2.       Ph.D student of physical education and Sport sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran

araznazari@gmail.com

 

Abstract: In multiple epidemiologic investigations, air pollution has been associated with increased heart rate and decreased heart rate variability. Recent studies on air pollution and heart rate have suggested that autonomic imbalances, as evidenced by increases in heart rate and decreases in heart rate variability, may specifically contribute to the increased mortality. The main air pollutants are divided into 5 main categories, including Particular mater, O3, NO2, SO2 and CO that they can increase the oxygen demand of the heart muscle by increasing heart rate. There are many reports that show the relationship between particulate air pollution and heart rate. The elevated heart rate and myocardial ischemia seen with exposure to air pollutions prior to exercise are important to consider in exercise populations with compromised cardiovascular function, who may not be too able to accommodate the additional cardiovascular strain. Therefore, it is important to consider how air pollution will affect exercise testing and prescription by those involved in cardiac rehabilitation programs. Individuals should take into account the method of transport to an exercise location. In particular, competing athletes and those with heart disease could consider avoiding traffic prior to exercise to minimize the health risk and potential effects on exercise performance.

[Araz Nazari , Yazgaldi Nazari. The effect of air pollutants on heart rate during Physical Activity. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):29-34]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork.6. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.06.

 

Keywords: air pollutant, carbon monoxide, Nitrogen dioxide, ozone, Particular matter, Physical Activity, sulfur dioxide

Full Text

6

7

The effectiveness of customs at the conclusion of the works and Dissolution of Marriage

 

Ali Baharestani

 

Department of Theology-Jurisprudence and principles of law, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

 

Abstract: Discussion marriage (proposal, engagement, etc.) in different societies is a major problem and that is why our jurists and legislators in different fields of jurisprudence and laws of the problem is described. In addition, an important and influential role in how marriage is the norm. We can say that in our society customs official said the demand for marriage proposals from men, although the proposal from the woman seems to be no problem, but it is unorthodox. In our society, marriage and the practice does not occur in the same way anywhere in the proposal, during the engagement, about the relationship between candidates, dowry payments, alimony, and even the dissolution of marriage (divorce and its variants) and so different. In this thesis, we tried to approach the library, to identify sense, common sense, and the status of its application to the background, base, its credibility in society and its impact on marriage, the quality of the proposal, the nomination period, dowry payments, alimony and The role of customs in the liquidation of the institution of marriage and the sanction to be expressed. The results show that although marriage is rooted in religion and our culture is very important in terms of legislation, but of practice in how to propose marriage, betrothal, dowry payments, fees, for example, the Department of Family, and so forth, but with the passage of and in different time zones. The tradition of civil law on marriage, the importance and its role in social resolution. The common effect of court decisions, in particular, are more family court and court judgments, in cases where the law a certain way of making decisions and issuing opinions expressed do not, by tradition, in which the action and the verdict are.

[Ali Baharestani. The effectiveness of customs at the conclusion of the works and Dissolution of Marriage. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):35-44]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 7. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.07.

 

Key words: tradition, matchmaking, betrothal, dowry, marriage, divorce, and nulment of marriage

Full Text

7

8

Effect of spent engine oil on maize growth (Zea mays L.) in South – South, Nigeria

 

Chukwumati, J.A., Omovbude, S and Wokoma, C.N

 

Department of Crop and Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, P. M. B. Choba

Port Harcourt, Rivers State,, Nigeria.

sundayomovbude@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The cultivation of arable crops in an open vacant plots of land polluted with spent engine oil close to the workshop after services is now a common practice among automobiles mechanic and generator repairer as measure of food security in Nigeria. It is against this backdrop that a pot experiment was carried out in the Department of Crop and Soil Science Demonstration Plot, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria between the months of April and July 2011 to determine the effect of spent engine oil on the growth of two varieties maize (Zea mays L). The experimental design was a 2x4 factorial in a completely randomized design with three (3) replications. The treatments were two varieties of maize (Oba super II and Bende Local) and spent engine oil polluted soil viz: 0-15cm (control); 15-30cm (control); 0-15cm (polluted) and 15-30cm (polluted). The results showed that spent engine oil altered the soil chemical characteristic in the parameters assessed. At terminal period (12WAP) 0-15cm (control) soil performed best by producing the highest plant height (99.4cm), number of leaves (13.5) and fresh weight (33.5g) this was followed by 15-30cm (control) while the polluted soil (0-15cm) gave the lowest of the three vegetative traits mentioned. There was significant difference on the vegetative parameters of the two varieties maize and also on interaction. Oba super produced significantly the highest plant height (69.2 cm), number of leaves (9.6), and fresh weight (27.04g) while Bendel Local had lowest plant height (64.5cm), number of leaves (7.0) and 24.17g fresh weight. Although the value of Ni, Pb and Zn were within their critical limit in the soil, which may appears to support plant growth; it is not advisable to cultivate the soil polluted with spent engine oil as it may pose a threat to human health through bio magnification. Hence, further studies need to be carried out on the effect spent engine on maize grain or other edible crops before proper recommendation can be made. However, within the limit of this study, the unpolluted soil (control) obtained from the non-auto mechanic plot of Land appeared appropriate for the production of Oba Super II and is therefore recommended to maize growers.

[Chukwumati, J.A., Omovbude, S and Wokoma, C.N. Effect of spent engine oil on maize growth (Zea mays L.) in South – South, Nigeria. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):45-52]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 8. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.08.

 

Key words: Growth, maize, Nigeria, Spent engine oil, soil profile depth, South-South

Full Text

8

9

The study of the sentence structure in the letters written by the Great Islam’s Apostle (Peace be upon him)

 

Samer Chanani

 

Department of arabic language and literature, Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad  University, Abadan, Iran

 

Abstract: The Islam religion has been based on the principles of invitation, theosophy and good advice and after that the God granted his messenger with conquer and victory over the polytheists and hypocritic ones and the Kaffirs and after he laid the foundations of his religious and political base, he sets out in sending invitation letters to the kings to invite them to the Islam’s religion. In those letters the Islam’s great apostle (peace be upon him) has made use of brevity styles concomitantly with encouragement and discouragement and dismay and annunciation and ordering and reminding them of the favors they are owing, kindness and seriousness and softness and hardness. In those letters there are attitudes and approaches towards the issues such as the tyrant rulers’ orderings and the individual and personal instincts and advantage and, in this regard, the letters sent by the Great Islam’s Apostle (Peace be upon him) remain eternal as a historical, political, religious and literary issuance and the passage of time has not rendered them withered. The present article has dealt with the analytical and aesthetic quotation survey of the letters sent by the Great Islam’s apostle (peace be upon him) with the objective of evaluating the letters sentence structure and semantic meanings.

[Samer Chanani. The study of the sentence structure in the letters written by the Great Islam’s Apostle (Peace be upon him). N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):53-57]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 9. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.09.

 

Keywords: the Great Islam’s apostle (peace be upon him), letter, kings

Full Text

9

10

Role of High Parathormone Level as a Risk Factor for Cardiac Dysfunction in Hemodialysis Patients

 

Emad Allam Mohammed, Yasser Elsayed Mohammed and Mostafa Abdel fatah

 

Internal Medicine Department and Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University

khatab_khatab29@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem that affects 5% to 10% of the world population, with increasing prevalence and adverse outcomes. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in patients with CKD. Cardiac hypertrophy is a major complication in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Disturbances in mineral metabolism are common complications of CKD and an important cause of morbidity and decreased quality of life. Importantly, increasing evidence suggests that these disturbances are associated with changes in arterial compliance, cardiovascular calcification, bone disorders and all-cause cardiovascular mortality reported that the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy in 74% of patients starting dialysis therapy higher i-PTH was significantly associated with higher LV mass in both genders. The objective of this work was to evaluate the relationship between serum levels of intact Para hormone (i.PTH) and the degree of myocardial dysfunction in non-diabetic normotensive hemodialysis patients. We studied 70 chronic renal failure on hemodialysis patients. The results of this study showed that, there was a highly significant positive correlation of serum iPTH and left ventricular mass index, in HD patients, Serum iPTH >300pg/ml was a predictor in part of cause cardiovascular dysfunction in HD patients and LVH. Serum calcium was a predictor in part of cause cardiovascular dysfunction in HD patients, Serum phosphorus >6.5mg/dl a predictor of cardiovascular dysfunction in HD patients and there was a highly significant positive correlation of serum phosphorus and left ventricular mass index. The conclusion from our results suggested the link i.PTH level and myocardial dysfunction in hemodialysis patients.

[Emad Allam Mohammed, Yasser Elsayed Mohammed and Mostafa abdel fatah. Role of High Parathormone Level as A Risk Factor for Cardiac Dysfunction in Hemodialysis Patients. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):58-67]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 10. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.10.

 

Keywords: Role; High Parathormone Level; Risk Factor; Cardiac Dysfunction; Hemodialysis; Patient

Full Text

10

11

The sensitivity of different non-invasive methods in diagnosis of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C virus patients

 

Engy Yousry Elsayed1, Inas Elkhedr Mohamed2*, Iman Mahmoud Ezzat3

 

1, 2 Department of Gastroenterology Ain-Shams university, Cairo, Egypt

3 Department of Internal Medicine Alfayoum university, Alfayoum, Egypt

*Inas Elkhedr Mohamed: e.mail: inas_elkhedr@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: Hepatitis C virus infection is associated with a wide spectrum of liver disease. Evaluation of stage of liver fibrosis is of therapeutic and prognostic importantance, the non-invasive methods are needed o replace the invasive liver biopsy. Aim of work: The study aimed to measure the sensitivity of the non-invasive Fibrotest, Fibroscan and ultrasonography in diagnosis of hepatic fibrosis secondary to chronic hepatitis C infection. Material and Methods: 80 HCV positive patients participated in the study all are subjected to, abdominal ultrasonography, fibrotest (total bilirubin, gamma-glutamyltransferase, alpha-2 macroglobulin, haptoglobin, alanine aminotransferase, and apolipoprotein-A1), liver stiffness measurement using fibroscan and liver biopsy (assessed for the stage of hepatic fibrosis using METAVIR staging of fibrosis or scarring). Results: 66 were men (82.5%) and 14(17.5 %) were females, the median age was 51 12. According to liver biopsy, 32 patients diagnosed as cirrhotics (F4) and 48 patients were diagnosed as non cirrhotics (F0-F1-F2-F3) [25]. The closest results to liver biopsy was that of fibroscan that showed 32 patients were cirrhotics and 48 patients were non cirrhotics, with sensitivity/specificity 100/100%. These results followed by that of fibrotest 44 patients were cirrhotics and 36 patients were non cirrhotics with sensitivity/specificity 100/75%. Conclusion: the non-invasive methods, specifically fibroscan, as sensitive as liver biopsy in diagnosis of liver fibrosis secondary to chronic hepatitis C, but the sensitivity is higher in advanced stages of fibrosis and cirrhosis.

[Engy Yousry Elsayed, Inas Elkhedr Mohamed, Iman Mahmoud Ezzat. The sensitivity of different non-invasive methods in diagnosis of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C virus patients. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):68-75]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 11. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.11.

 

Keywords: HCV, fibroscan, fibrotest, ultrasonography, liver biopsy.

Full Text

11

12

Carbon Sequestration Potential of Agroforestry Trees (Agroforests) in India

 

Arvind Bijalwan1*, Manmohan J. R. Dobriyal2, Tarun Kumar Thakur3

 

1Indian Institute of Forest Management, Nehru Nagar, Bhopal, M.P., India,

2Department of Silviculture and Agroforestry, ASPEE College of Horticulture and Forestry, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari, Gujarat, India

3Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak- 484887, M.P., India

Email: arvindbijalwan276@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Agroforestry trees (Agroforests) play an important role in global carbon cycle and regulating the biospheric climate. Agroforestry trees are key component of agroforestry systems which store substantial amount of terrestrial carbon (C) and a very significant proportion is fixed in the form of above ground biomass. This paper addresses the potential of agroforestry trees (agroforests) with especial reference to carbon sequestration and carbon finance in India. The indirect method of carbon estimation in the agroforestry trees using volume and regression equation are practically useful compared to direct or harvesting methods. The agricultural lands with substantial agroforests/ trees components are considered to be a major potential sink being capable for storing high amount of C in different agro-ecological systems. Currently, climate change awareness has increasingly gained the momentum being major threat for the survival of biotic community and to address this carbon sequestration in the trees outside forests (TOF) in the form of agro and farm forestry is an economically feasible and practically viable option. Thus, the importance of agroforestry as a sustainable land-use system is receiving wider recognition not only in terms of agricultural sustainability but also in issues related to biodiversity, soil and water conservation and ultimately to the climate change adaptation and mitigation.

[Arvind Bijalwan, Manmohan J. R. Dobriyal, Tarun Kumar Thakur. Carbon Sequestration Potential of Agroforestry Trees (Agroforests) in India. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):76-81]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 12. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.12.

 

Keywords: Agroforestry trees, Agroforest, Carbon Sequestration, Biomass, Volume equation, Regression equation

Full Text

12

13

Air pollution effects on exercise performance

 

Araz Nazari1*, Yazgaldi Nazari2

 

1. Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Higher Educational Complex of Saravan, Saravan, Iran

2. PhD Student of Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz, Ahwaz, Iran

y.nazari53@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Much of the research investigating exercise and air pollution focuses on exposure to air pollution during exercise. Most studies assessing the effects of carbon monoxide exposure on exercise performance suggest that performance is impaired. Acute ozone exposure reduces maximal exercise time, workload, oxygen consumption, and performance on a maximal exercise test. These performance decrements are likely due to increased respiratory discomfort. Any PM exposure experienced en route to an exercise location might cause physiological changes, which could also affect exercise performance. While gender and environmental conditions (PM count or particle size) may influence the effects of PM inhalation, the mechanism by which performance may be impacted is even more unclear. There are few evidences regarding the effects of pre-exercise exposure to diesel exhaust (DE) on exercise performance.

[Nazari A, Nazari Y. Air pollution effects on exercise performance. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):82-88]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 13. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.13.

 

Keywords: Carbon monoxide, exercise performance, ozone, Particulate matter

Full Text

13

14

Some Issues Of Improving Teaching Chemistry And Actual Problems In Training Personnels

 

Radjabov H.M.

 

Senior lecturer of Urgench State University

r_xudoyor@mail.ru

 

Abstract: Chemistry as one of the fundamental natural-science cycle which is intensively developed and improved in science . "The information boom" that has engulfed the whole of mankind, above all, concerns and chemistry, and its technology. The relationship of modern chemistry and physics and biology should be reflected in the content of chemical education. Correct and scientifically based production and organization of the processes of teaching chemistry, after all, should lead to the elimination of Chemo phobia -negating opinion among the population, the strengthening of the role of chemistry in the creative growth and social welfare, on the contrary, harm reduction for destroying chemical nature and society. Based on the modern methodological problems of chemical science is necessary to competently organize the teaching process. Only in this way we can achieve the formation of a mass of the chemical thinking, chemical and chemical culture consciousness.

[Radjabov H.M. Some Issues Of Improving Teaching Chemistry And Actual Problems In Training Personnels. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):89-91]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 14. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.14.

 

Keywords: methodology of scientific knowledge, methodological problems, the state educational standards, requirements for knowledge and skills, organizational and didactic, scientific, theoretical and pedagogical tasks, staging and organization of the processes of teaching chemistry.

Full Text

14

15

Poultry Production Business: A Means Of Alleviating Poverty Among Farmers

 

1Nwandu, P.I,  1Ojogbane, J. A,  2Okoh, C and 1Okechukwu, F

 

1Federal College of Education (Tech), Asaba, Nigeria

2Department of Agricultural Education, Delta State University, Abraka

 

Abstract: The study appraised the potency of poultry production business as a means of livelihood and poverty alleviation among its farmers. Nigeria is a favourable ground for poultry production business as no culture in the country forbids the consumption of poultry and its products but rather use it as food for social gatherings and for business purpose in eateries or restaurants. However, production is low to meet up the demand of poultry and its products. Profitability approaches to be successful in the business were examined. The study deduced that poultry production business in its entire ramification represents one of the viable farming enterprises providing the much needed animal protein sources (table egg and meat) to ameliorate the protein deficiency factor in Nigerian food crisis; means to alleviate poverty or sustain livelihood and generate employment among its farmers. The study recommended that the government should use poultry production business to pursue youth empowerment with extra vigor to drastically reduce level of prevalent unemployment in our society. This approach will enable the Federal and State Government to meet the target of reducing poverty and generate productive employment for a lot of people every year.

[Nwandu, P.I, Ojogbane, J. A, Okoh, C and Okechukwu, F. Poultry Production Bussiness: A Means Of Alleviating Poverty Among Farmers. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):92-100]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 15. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.15.

 

Keywords: Poultry; Production; Bussiness; Alleviate; Farmer

Full Text

15

16

Relationship between Importance of Educational needs, and Satisfaction about it as perceived by Faculty of nursing students at Minia University

 

Ebtsam Ahmed Mohammed1, Refaat Raouf Sadek2, Hala Ramzy Yousef 3 and Nahed Shawkat Abo Elmaged3

 

1Deparment of Nursing Administration, Faculty of Nursing, Minia University, Minia, Egypt

2Deparment of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt

3Deparment of Nursing Administration, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

ebtsamahmed_0@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This study aimed to examine the perception of nursing students about importance of educational needs, and satisfaction about it. Methodology: Research design: A descriptive correlational design was used for this study. Setting: The present study was conducted at nursing faculty in Minia University. Subject: The present study included a total coverage sample includes all four academic years nursing students during academic year (2012-2013). Total number of students was (n=727). Tools of study: The study tool consisted of two parts: 1st part demographic data sheet, 2nd part Nursing Education Satisfaction Instrument (NESI) developed by Schorpp (2008) consist of two questions (question one about importance of educational needs, and question 2 about satisfaction with the educational needs) contained the same items, the five subscales related to the five levels in Maslows hierarchy of needs theory (1954, 1970). Results: This study revealed that, there was a highly statistical significant differences among the four academic years nursing students as all fourth year nursing students had reported that the educational needs is very important, and a highly statistical significant differences among the students of the four academic years in which the first year and second year students had the highest mean scores according to perception of the nursing students about satisfaction with the educational needs. Conclusions: there was a highly statistically significant positive relationship between perceptions of the nursing students in the four academic years about the importance of educational needs. Also observed that there was a highly statistically significant negative relationship between perceptions of the nursing students in the four academic years about the satisfaction of educational needs. Recommendations: Ask authoritative persons to improve educational environment through providing more space, and educational resources for conducting teaching learning process.

[Ebtsam Ahmed Mohammed, Refaat Raouf Sadek, Hala Ramzy Yousef and Nahed Shawkat Abo Elmaged. Relationship between Importance of Educational needs, and Satisfaction about it as perceived by Faculty of Nursing students at Minia University. N Y Sci J 2016;9(7):101-109]. ISSN 1554-0200 (print); ISSN 2375-723X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 16. doi:10.7537/marsnys090716.16.

 

Keywords: Educational needs, Satisfaction, Student, Faculty of nursing, Minia University

Full Text

16

The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from June 24, 2016. 

 All comments are welcome: newyorksci@sciencepub.net.

For back issues of the New York Science Journal, click here.

Emails:  newyorksci@sciencepub.net; editor@sciencepub.net

Website: http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork

Marsland Press, PO Box 180432, Richmond Hill, New York 11418, USA, 347-321-7172

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

 

Marsland Press: http://www.sciencepub.net

 

 

2016 Marsland Press

Terms of Service  |  Privacy Policy  |

2016 Marsland Press