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Science Journal

 

Report and Opinion

(Rep Opinion)

Volume 4 - Issue 2, Cumulated 32, February 2, 2012, ISSN 1553-9873

 

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, All papers in one file

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The following manuscripts are presented as online first for peer-review, starting from 1/30/2012. 

All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net; sciencepub@gmail.com

Welcome to send your manuscript(s) to: sciencepub@gmail.com

CONTENTS  

  No.

Titles / Authors

Full Text

  No.

1

Physico-Chemical Parameters of Some Selected Stations in Lower Usuma Reservoir Bwari, Nigeria

 

Dan-kishiya, A.S. and  Chiaha, N. Q.

 

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Abuja, Nigeria

adankishiya@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Physico-chemical parameters of Temperature, Dissolved oxygen, pH, Transparency, Conductivity, and free carbon dioxide of lower Usuma Reservoir was carried out from April to October 2010 in two selected sampling stations to ascertain the effect of human activities on water quality for fish production. The stations were selected based on the degree of human activities, station 1 have a high degree of human activities and station 2 with little or no human activities. The water temperature ranged between 26.13oC – 31.00oC, dissolved oxygen ranged between 3.29mg/l – 10.50mg/l. The pH, transparency, conductivity and free carbon dioxide were 6.00 –7.50, 1.20m – 2.43m, 0.21s/cm – 0.98s/cm and 2.00mg/l – 9.00mg/l respectively. There was significant difference (P <0.05) between all the parameters measured and the stations but all the recorded values were within the limit for fish production.

[Dan-kishiya, A.S. and  Chiaha, N. Q. Physico-Chemical Parameters of Some Selected Stations in Lower Usuma Reservoir Bwari, Nigeria. Report and Opinion 2012;4(2):1-6]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 1

doi:10.7537/marsroj040212.01

 

Key Words: Physico-chemical parameters, Reservoir, Stations, Fish Production

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A Mathematical Model for Assessing the Control of and Eradication strategies for Malaria in a Community

 

ABDULLAHI MOHAMMED BABA

 

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS, NIGER STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, MINNA

Kutigi_baba@yahoo.com

 

ABSTRACT: This study discusses the Stability of equilibrium states of a model in an attempt to suggest control of and Eradication strategies for malaria in a community. The model exhibits two equilibria namely; the trivial equilibrium state and diseases free equilibrium state. The Model analysis shows that combination of both treatment and preventive method can eradicate malaria cases.[Abdullahi Mohammed Baba: A Mathematical Model for Assessing the Control of and Eradication strategies for Malaria in a Community.

[ABDULLAHI MOHAMMED BABA. A Mathematical Model for Assessing the Control of and Eradication strategies for Malaria in a Community. Report and Opinion 2012;4(2):7-12]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 2

doi:10.7537/marsroj040212.02

 

Key words: Malaria, mosquitoes, equilibrium, stability, drugs

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Constraints To Effective Management Of Secondary School Libraries: A Case Study Of 2 Private And 2 Public Schools In Owerri Municipal L.G.A, Imo State Nigeria.

 

Mbagwu, Ijeoma .F.and Akanwa,P.C.

 

Imo State University Library, Owerri.Nigeria.

Mbagwu101@yahoo.co.uk

 

ABSTRACT: This study on the constraints to effective management of secondary school libraries was carried out using the survey method. Questionnaire was used to collect required data and simple tables and percentages were used to analyze the data collected. During the course of the study, it was identified that inadequate funding by the government is the major constraints to effective management of school libraries. Data gathered also showed that the area mostly affected by this constraint is in provision of library/information resources. The libraries under study have been coping with these constraints through alternative funding. However, the researcher made some recommendations among which are inadequate funding by government.

[Mbagwu, Ijeoma .F.and Akanwa,P.C. Constraints To Effective Management Of Secondary School Libraries: A Case Study Of 2 Private And 2 Public Schools In Owerri Municipal L.G.A, Imo State Nigeria. Report and Opinion 2012;4(2):13-17]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 3

doi:10.7537/marsroj040212.03

 

Keywords: secondary school library; data; government

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4

Heat Resistance And Inactivation of Neosartorya fischeri and Talaromyces flavus ascospores in water, phosphate buffers, fruit juices and fruit juices fortified with sugars and preservatives.

 

N.J. Amaeze

 

Department of biological Sciences, University of Abuja, Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria.

ngoziamaeze@yahoo.com.sg

 

Abstract: This work was designed to the study some heat resistance characteristics of the isolates obtained in relation to fruit processing parameters. The effect of heat (850, 90 0, 92.5 0 and 95 0C) in combination with common fruit products preservatives (sodium benzoate and citric acid) and sugars (fructose and sucrose) on inactivation of  ascospores of N. fischeri and T. flavus were studied in water, phosphate buffers, grapefruit, orange and pineapple juices. The rate of thermal inactivation was highest in medium containing sodium benzoate. The presence of sugars (sucrose and fructose) in juices protected the ascospores against heat inactivation when compared with plain juices. Ascospores of T. flavus had D85 0C values which ranged from 10.6 to 78.9min; D90 0C values of <1 to 13.6min and D92.5 0C values of <1 to 8.1min. Ascospores of N. fischeri had D85 0C values which ranged from 61.9 to 217.5min; D90 0C values of 5.0 to 62.6min; D92.5 0C values of 1.1 to 19.7min and D95 0C values of <1 to 13.6min. These results mark the high heat resistance of ascospores of heat resistant fungi isolated from the tropics. Heat resistant fungi not only cause spoilage of fruit products but also produce highly toxic and sometimes carcinogenic compounds; these findings are of utmost importance to fruit processing industries which are presently increasing in number in Nigeria and other developing countries.

[N.J. Amaeze. Heat Resistance And Inactivation of Neosartorya fischeri and Talaromyces flavus ascospores in water, phosphate buffers, fruit juices and fruit juices fortified with sugars and preservatives.  Report and Opinion 2012;4(2):18-26]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 4

doi:10.7537/marsroj040212.04

 

Key words: Fungi, Food preservatives, Thermal processes

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5

Presenting a Model to Assess the Situation of Human Resource in Iranian Companies Regarding the Requirements of Excellence Model (With a Case Study)

 

Hosein Safari, Davood Barzegari

 

PhD in Production, Management Faculty, Tehran University, MSc in Executive Management, SAIPA Co. 

hsafari@ut.ac.ir , davood_barzegari@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The main objective of this research is to present a model to assess the situation of human resource management in Iranian organizations. To do this, the Organizational Excellence Model of performance appraisal has been selected among the other models. Thus, based on the criteria of the model, we will present a model to assess the performance of the human resource. Moreover, equipped with the mentioned model, the research will evaluate the existing gap in the human resource management of the studied organization and will offer some suggestions to improve the situations. In current era, the organizations will survive who can be responsible for the needs and wants of their customers and beneficiaries. Using such models the organizations can evaluate the rate of their success in administering the improvement programs at different periods of times at one hand, and compare their performance with other (and best) organizations at the other hand. This research is an applied research in its objective, and it is a descriptive- analytic one in its data gathering. Since the subject of the research has been available for the researchers and the study has being done at the place of the research, so it is a field study. According to the findings of the research, the deepest gap is observable in the results of the customers and "human resource management customer results" and the "people results".

[Hosein Safari, Davood Barzegari. Presenting a Model to Assess the Situation of Human Resource in Iranian Companies Regarding the Requirements of Excellence Model (With a Case Study). Report and Opinion 2012;4(2):27-33]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 5

doi:10.7537/marsroj040212.05

 

Key Words: Human Resource Management, Organizational Excellence Model, Offered Model

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6

College Teachers’ Evaluation of Communicative Language Teaching in Bangladesh

 

Nitish Kumar Mondal

 

English Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh

 nitish.english@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) is very much significant for learning and teaching practices where the students and teachers are involved to communicate in a second language. It represents a change of focus in language teaching from linguistic structure to learners’ need for developing communication skills. Though a number of researches have been implemented on taking CLT in Bangladesh, no fruitful result is seen especially in college level education in Bangladesh where the teachers are the authentic factor and their attitudes play a crucial role in revealing their thinking about CLT and their implementation of CLT in the classrooms. So, the study aimed at investigating Bangladeshi college teachers’ attitudes toward CLT and the reasons behind attitudes the teachers held toward CLT. For this, a number of data were collected through questionnaire survey where the populations were college teachers. The respondents were from the different colleges in four districts (Khulna, Satkhira, Bagerhat and Jessor) in Bangladesh. The results of this study indicated that the teachers held favorable attitudes toward principles of CLT and displayed characteristics of CLT in their beliefs. Also, the results demonstrated that Bangladeshi college teachers (English) believe CLT can make English teaching effective and meaningful.

[Nitish Kumar Mondal. College Teachers’ Evaluation of Communicative Language Teaching in Bangladesh. Report and Opinion 2012;4(2):34-41]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 6

doi:10.7537/marsroj040212.06

 

Keywords: College Teacher; Evaluation; Communicative Language Teaching; Teachers’ attitudes; Meaningful.

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7

Turning Interdisciplinary Brain Tumor Science into Survival; Report from the Neuro-Oncology Scientific Club Opening Session, NOSC 2012 -19 January- Tehran, IR Iran

 

Peiman Haddad*1, Alireza Zali2,  Morteza Tabatabaeefar3, Alireza Nikoofar1, Homayoun Hadizadeh Kharazi9, Mojtaba Ghadyani5, Pedram Fadavi1, Parvaneh Vossough7, Mirahmad Mousavizadeh3, Mahshid Mehdizadeh6, Ali Motlagh3, Farnaz Amoozegar Hashemi1, Ahmad Ameri3, Ali Yaghobi Joibari3, Behrooz Pazooki8, Afshin Rakhsha3, Farshid Arbabi10, Azim Mehrvar7, Mahdi Aghili1, Mohammad  Babaei1, Hamidreza Dehghan Menshadi1, Shaghayegh Kamian1, Bahar Moeini3, Bahram Andalib10, Saeed Karimkhani1, Farid Dadgar8, Hassan Khajei8, Haleh Behrouzi8, Mahmood Abed Moghadam3, Hossein Mottahedi11, Maryam Tashvighi7, Mohammad Faranoush7, Mohammad Mahdi Mojahed10, Ali Naderi7, Shahram Naseri10, Sherif Ibrahim12, S.Abdolreza Hejazi Farahmand13, Fatemeh Mohammadzadeh13, Larisa Mukhomorova12, Mohammad Torabi Nami13

 

1Radiation Oncologist, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran. 2Neurosurgeon Shahid Beheshti Medical University (SBMU),Tehran, Iran. 3Radiation Oncologist, SBMU. 4Medical Oncologist, TUMS. 5Medical Oncologist, SBMU. 6Pediatric Oncologist, SBMU. 7Pediatric Oncologist, Mahak Childrens’ Hospital, Tehran. 8Radiation Oncologist, Army Medical University, Tehran. 9Radiologist, TUMS.10Radiation Oncologist. 11Medical Oncologist. 12MSD. 13Behestan group, Tehran, Iran. haddad@sina.tums.ac.ir; Torabi_m@iricss.org

 

Abstract: On the 19Th January 2012, the opening session of the interval meetings of the Neuro-Oncology Scientific Club (NOSC-THN) was held in Tehran, Iran. The NOSC is a newly established scientific forum which currently has formed provincial steering boards in the country and is expected to be turned to the national NOSC in its future perspective. The interdisciplinary nature of this club provides a multifaceted approach for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of brain tumor patients. Participants utilized this transparent and unbiased round table to contribute to discussions and decisions. All comments were open to debate, with interdisciplinary team work for brain tumor patients’ health and quality of life at the center. This paper summarizes the communicated insights (neurosurgery, radiodiagnostics and radiochemotherapy) and the suggested strategies during the first NOSC-Tehran meeting hoping to let readers further perceive the significance of the interdisciplinary approach as a practical model in CNS tumor patients’ care. [Haddad P, Zali A, Tabatabaeefar M, Nikoofar A, Hadizadeh Kharazi H, Ghadyani M, et al. Turning Interdisciplinary Brain Tumor Science into Survival; Report from the Neuro-Oncology Scientific Club Opening Session- NOSC 2012 -19 January- Tehran, IR Iran. Report and Opinion, 2012;4:(2):42-53] (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 7

doi:10.7537/marsroj040212.07

 

Key words: Neuro-oncology working team, Interdisciplinary, Guideline definition, Brain tumor, Tehran

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Increased Inflammatory Activities and Oxidative Stress in Hepatotoxicity due to Acetaminophen Administration: Ameliorative Effects of Tapinanthus Globiferus.

 

ADEKUNLE Adeniran Sanmi

 

Department of Biochemistry, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria. kunleniran@yahoo.com

 

ABSTRACT: Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose has been reported to cause severe liver damage. This study was therefore designed to access the modulatory effect of Tapinanthus globiferus on possible side effects due to acetaminophen overdose. APAP induced hepatotoxicity which was indicated by elevated gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) and aspartate aminotransferase activities (AST); reduced serum total proteins and albumin; elevated tumour necrotic factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-2 (IL-2); and increased lipid peroxidation as evidenced by elevated malondialdehyde in hepatic tissues. However, administration of T. globiferus caused reduction in activities of GGT and AST; hepatocyte malondialdehyde, TNF-α and IL-2 concentrations and increased total proteins and albumin when compared with groups given only APAP. Determination of biocomposition showed APAP contain high concentration of phenolic contents. The observation implied that T. globiferus possess antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities and its administration may reduce damages due to acetaminophen administrations in hepatocytes.

[Adekunle Adeniran Sanmi Increased Inflammatory Activities and Oxidative Stress in Hepatotoxicity due to Acetaminophen Administration: Ameliorative Effects of Tapinanthus Globiferus. Report and Opinion 2012;4(2):54-59]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 8

doi:10.7537/marsroj040212.08

 

KEY WORDS: Acetaminophen, Hepatotoxicity, tapinanthus globiferus, inflammation, oxidative stress.

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9

SCABIES IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA: A REVIEW

 

Biu, A.A1,, Rabo, J.S.2       Dawurung J.S3 and Joy Charles Ndappi4

 

1Department of Veterinary Microbiology & Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, PO Box 8136 University of Maiduguri, Nigeria

2Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria

3WHO National Polio Laboratory,University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria

4Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria

dawurungj@yahoo.com

 

Abstract:Scabies is an infestation of the skin by microscopic itch mite, Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis favoured by poor conditions of hygiene, poverty and overcrowding. Objectively this study will provide a baseline data that will signal the public health significance of the disease in Maiduguri.  This is a four year review on the prevalence of human scabies in Borno State, Nigeria conducted between 2004 and 2007 using patient’s data assessment (PDA) from University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH), State Specialist Hospital (SSH) and Molai Leprosarium. Out of the 1020 patients examined 983 (96.4%) were infested with 49.9% as male and 50.1% female (p>0.05); 77.2% as children and 22.8% as adults (p<0.05). The highest rate was observed in unemployed patients (65.5%) and the lowest in commercial vehicle drivers (0.3%) (p<0.05). The findings in this study have indicated that factors such as the occupational status, age and sex of patients could influence the spread of scabies amongst people of Borno State, Nigeria.

[Biu, A.A., Rabo, J.S. Dawurung J.S. and Joy Charles Ndappi. SCABIES IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA: A REVIEW. Report and Opinion 2012;4(2):60-63]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 9

doi:10.7537/marsroj040212.09

 

Keywords: Scabies, Patients Data Assessment, Borno State, Nigeria

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from 1/30/2012. 
All comments are welcome: sciencepub@gmail.com

 

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