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Science Journal

 

Report and Opinion

(Rep Opinion)

Volume 5 - Issue 5, Cumulated 47, May 25, 2013, ISSN 1553-9873

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers

 

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CONTENTS  

  No.

Titles / Authors

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1

A new AR-Interval Data Envelopment Analysis Model for Supplier Selection

 

Ali Mohaghar 1, Abdol Hossein Jafarzadeh 2, Mohammad Hosein Soleimani-Sarvestani 3, Mohsen Moradi-Moghadam 3

 

1 Associated Professor, Department of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

 2 M.S. Candidate of Industrial Management, University of Tehran

3 M.S. of Industrial Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Email: moradi_mohsen@alumni.ut.ac.ir

 

Abstract: Traditionally, supplier-selection models have been based on quantitative data with less emphasis on qualitative data. However, with the expansion of manufacturing philosophies such as the just-in-time production, emphasis has shifted to the simultaneous consideration of quantitative and qualitative data in the supplier-selection process. Considering the supplier selection problem is a Complex and multi-criteria problem, one of the efficient models for selecting the best suppliers is Data envelopment analysis (DEA). Weight restrictions allow for the integration of expert opinion and controlling the range of weight changes in Data Envelopment analysis. So in this paper a new model with interval data envelopment analysis with considering the weight restrictions is presented.

[Ali Mohaghar, Abdol Hossein Jafarzadeh, Mohammad Hosein Soleimani-Sarvestani, Mohsen Moradi-Moghadam.  A new AR-Interval Data Envelopment Analysis Model for Supplier Selection. Rep Opinion 2013;5(5):1-8]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 1

doi:10.7537/marsroj050513.01

 

Keywords: Data Envelopment Analysis, Interval Data Envelopment Analysis, Assurance region,Supplier selection.

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2

Integration of Fuzzy GTMA and Logarithmic Fuzzy Preference Programming for Supplier Selection

 

Ali Mohaghar 1, Maryam Sadat Fagheyi 2, Mohsen Moradi-Moghadam 3, Saiedeh Sadat Ahangari 2

 

1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 M.S. Candidate of Industrial Management, University of Tehran, Iran

3 M.S. of Industrial Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Email: s.ahangary@ut.ac.ir

 

Abstract: Supplier selection is one of the most important decision making problems including both qualitative and quantitative factors to identify Suppliers with the highest potential for meeting a firm’s needs consistently and at an acceptable cost and plays a key role in supply chain management (SCM).The purpose of this paper is applying a new integrated method to Supplier selection. Proposed approach is based on Logarithmic Fuzzy Preference Programming and Fuzzy GTMA (graph theory and matrix approach) methods. LFPP method is used in determining the weights of the criteria by decision makers and then rankings of Suppliers are determined by Fuzzy GTMA method. We apply the integrated approach in a real case to demonstrate the application of the proposed method.

[Ali Mohaghar, Maryam Sadat Fagheyi, Mohsen Moradi-Moghadam, Saiedeh Sadat Ahangari. Integration of Fuzzy GTMA and Logarithmic Fuzzy Preference Programming for Supplier Selection. Rep Opinion 2013;5(5):9-16]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 2

doi:10.7537/marsroj050513.02

 

Keywords: Supplier selection, graph theory and matrix approach, Fuzzy set and Logarithmic fuzzy preference programming.

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3

The Impact of Contemporary European Debt Crisis on the British Economy

 

Khan Burhan Khan, Syed Muhammad Ali, Adeel Ahmed, Waseem Ikram, Khalid Zaman *

 

Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan. khalidzaman@ciit.net.pk

 

Abstract: The objective of the study is to discuss the impact of current European debt crisis on the British economy. The study is based on different theoretically and descriptive data collected from different sources based on the crisis and on the economy of the British. Review of the literature was carried out for the data collection. The data was then analyzed by using the scanning and observation technique and all relevant data was selected for this study. All the findings were collected in a proper way to get the accurate results and conclude the study. The result demonstrates that in spite of the reality that the European crises have a negative impact on the United Kingdom’s (UK) economy the European Union (EU) membership also has certain benefits for UK. 50 % of overall trade of UK is with EU and if crisis hit Europe, it will ultimately have an impact on the economic activities within UK.  Inflation rate has raised, exports have dropped and the global competitiveness of the exporters has negatively impacted due to these crises. Euro zone crises are creating huge uncertainty which has reduce the public spending in euro-zone resulting in dropping the sales in UK. Furthermore the knockout effect will affect not only the companies with direct exposure in European market but also the SMEs and other larger businesses with no direct exposure to the Euro-zone. Modeling composting processes is the prerequisite to realize the process control of composting.

[Khan, K.B, Ali S.M., Ahmed A., Ikram W., Zaman K. The Impact of Contemporary European Debt Crisis on the British Economy. Rep Opinion 2013;5(5):17-35]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 3

doi:10.7537/marsroj050513.03

 

Key words: European debt crisis, British economy, economic growth, British role, trade, Euro-Zone

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4

Evaluation and ranking of appropriate marketing strategies in private hotels of Mazandaran province using Fuzzy AHP method

 

Sorayaei 1, S. Mehraei 2

 

1Assistant Professor and Member of Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

2 MSc Student of business management, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

1 a.sorayaei@gmail.com, 2 samanehmehraee@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The purpose of the current study is to provide an analytical tool to determinate the appropriate marketing strategy for the private hotels so as to capture sustainable competitive advantage. Given the complexity and difficulty of allocated specific and limited resources of marketing strategy toward competitive advantage for private hotels, hence, the current study is to employ the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FUZZY AHP) method to determinate competitive marketing strategy for private hotels. after reviewing the various opinions and research on competitive advantage in general, and particularly in service industries, resources and capabilities such as: managerial capabilities, customer linking capabilities, market innovation capabilities, human resource assets and reputational assets have been determined. Then, according to the above resources and also exploring in various comments and articles three types of appropriate marketing strategies determined: cost leadership strategy, differentiation strategy and the segmentation strategy to achieve competitive advantage for the private hotels. Due to a set of criteria for comparisons, the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process method is undertaken to accommodate the inherent uncertainty. the means of the tringular fuzzy numbers produced by managers of the private hotels for each comparison were successfully used in the pairwise comparison matrices The data obtained from questionnaires were analyzed using Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (FUZZY AHP). Results from analysis showed that according to sources and facilities said above, the most appropriate marketing strategy to achieve competitive advantage in the private hotels of Mazandaran province is the cost leadership strategy.

[A. Sorayaei, S. Mehraei. Evaluation and ranking of appropriate marketing strategies in private hotels of Mazandaran province using Fuzzy AHP method. Rep Opinion 2013;5(5):36-42]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 4

doi:10.7537/marsroj050513.04

 

Keywords: marketing strategy, private hotels, FUZZY AHP.

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5

The Theme Of Partition In Khuswant Singh’s Novel Train To Pakistan

 

Bilquees Dar

 

Research Scholar, Iqbal institute of Culture and Philosophy, University of Kashmir, J&K, India

E-Mail: showkat80ahmad@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: The Partition of India was the process of dividing the sub-continent along sectarian lines, which took place in 1947 as India gained its independence from British Empire. The northern part predominantly Muslim, became nation of Pakistan and the southern predominantly Hindu became the Republic of India, the partition however devastated both India and Pakistan as the process claimed many lives in riots, rapes, murders and looting. The two countries began their independence with ruined economies and lands without an established, experienced system of government, not only this, but also about 15 million people were displaced from their homes. The Partition of India was an important event not only in the history of the Indian subcontinent but in world history. Its chief reason was the communal thinking of both Hindus and Muslins; but the circumstances under which it occurred made it one of the saddest event of the history of India. No doubt, the Hindus and the Muslims were living together since long but they failed to inculcate the feelings of harmony and unity among themselves. The fanatic leaders of both communities played a prominent role in stoking the fire of communalism. The partition was exceptionally brutal and large in scale and unleashed misery and loss of lives and property as millions of refugees fled either Pakistan or India.

[Bilquees Dar. The Theme Of Partition In Khuswant Singh’s Novel Train To Pakistan. Rep Opinion 2013;5(5):43-44]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 5

doi:10.7537/marsroj050513.05

 

Key words: theme, partition, train, pakistan.

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6

Arundhati Roy As A Critic Of Neo-Imperialism

 

Bilquees Dar

 

Research Scholar, Iqbal institute of Culture and Philosophy, University of Kashmir, J&K, India

E-Mail: showkat80ahmad@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Roy is India’s leading commentator on such evils as Militaristic Imperialist capitalism. Since winning the booker Prize., most of her writings have concentrated on the issues of social justice, she has also been a sharp critic of India’s nuclear policies. In May 2004, she was awarded the Sydney peace for her work on Non Voilence   and Social campaigns and in November 2011, she was the recipient of the Norman Mailer prize for distinguished writing. Her many books include, The Algebra of infinite justice (2002), War talk (2003), Listening to Grass Hoppers; Field Notes on Democracy (2009) and most recently, Walking with the Comrades (2011). The list of her criticism include India’s nuclear weapon policies and the approach to industrialization and rapid development as being practiced in the nation in the recent times in her essay, The Cost of living, she also Crusades against India’s massive hydroelectric exploitation without redress.  After the events of Sept 11, 2002, Roy emerged as a fierce Critic of government and US policies.

[Bilquees Dar. Arundhati Roy As A Critic Of Neo-Imperialism. Rep Opinion 2013;5(5):45-47]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 6

doi:10.7537/marsroj050513.06

 

Key words: Arundhati Roy, Critic, Neo-Imperialism.

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7

The use Of Resistivity Profiling Method In Grounwater Investigaton of a typical Basement Complex: A Case Study Of L.E.A Primary School-Dagiri In Gwagwalada Area Northcentral Nigeria

 

Abdulsalam N.N. 1and Ologe O. 2

 

1 Department of Physics, University of Abuja, Nigeria

2 Department of Chemical and Geological Sciences, Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin, Nigeria

nassnaeem@gmail.com, toyin.ologe@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Geophysical technique involving resistivity profiling was used to map LEA Primary School-Dagiri in Gwagwalada Area of the Federal Capital Territory with a view to investigate the lateral variation in the subsurface resistivity. The qualitative interpretation results identified the presence of fractures across the surveyed area. Three traverses each measuring 500m, (representing an area of 250,000m2) were mapped using wenner array configuration with electrode spacing of 50m for the profiling. Some prolific areas that can further be investigated for groundwater exploration using Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) were delineated at the northeastern and Southern parts of the area. A resistivity range of 16Ωm - 1000Ωm was delineated, indicating a good groundwater potential area. Areas with resistivity values between 15Ωm and 265Ωm were however, marked as having good hydrogeologic significance in the region and consequently recommended for further investigation.

[Abdulsalam N.N, Ologe O. The use Of Resistivity Profiling Method In Grounwater Investigaton of a typical Basement Complex: A Case Study Of L.E. A Primary School-Dagiri In Gwagwalada Area Northcentral Nigeria. Rep Opinion 2013;5(5):48-53]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 7

doi:10.7537/marsroj050513.07

 

Keywords: Resistivity profiling, Groundwater potential, Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES), hydrogeologic.

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8

 A New Decision Model Based on the Common Set of Weights DEA and Liner Goal Programming

 

Hossein Safari 1, Abdol Hossein Jafarzadeh 2, Mohsen Moradi-Moghadam 3, Meysam Molavi 2

 

 1 Associated Professor, Department of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

 2 M.S. Candidate of Industrial Management, University of Tehran

3 M.S. of Industrial Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Email: Meisam193@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Data envelopment analysis (DEA) has a wide application in measuring the relative efficiency of identical units with the same inputs and outputs. There are weaknesses in the classical models. One of the weaknesses is poor judgment and ranking among efficient decision making units, and another weakness is that the number of decision making units must greater than a certain limit. This model will not be valid when decision making units are relatively low. Also the most important weakness of classical model is changing weight of inputs and outputs that it makes the efficiency of decision units measured with different weight. Researchers believed that calculation with different weights for the same indexes in the set of homogeneous decision units is not logical. The important problem is how all decision units with a weight measured and simultaneously their efficiency is optimized. So, in this paper a model presented that all decision units measured with a weight and simultaneously efficiency of decision making units is optimized.

[Hossein Safari, Abdol Hossein Jafarzadeh, Mohsen Moradi-Moghadam, Meysam Molavi. A New Decision Model Based on the Common Set of Weights DEA and Liner Goal Programming. Rep Opinion 2013;5(5):54-61]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 8

doi:10.7537/marsroj050513.08

 

Keywords: Data Envelopment Analysis, Common Set of Weight, Goal Porogramming, Decision Making Unit, Discriminate Power.

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9

Organizational commitment, organizational culture and career satisfaction

 

1Javad Eslami, 2Somayeh Eslami, 3Marzieh Taheri Sinaki, 4Davood Gharakhani

 

1Department of Management, Khodabandeh branch, Islamic Azad University, Khodabandeh, Iran

2Scholar of Payame Noor University, Shahriyar Branch, Shahriyar, Iran

3Department of business Management, Abhar branch, Islamic Azad University, Abhar, Iran

4Department of management, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran

Corresponding author: Davood Gharakhani

 

Abstract: In terms of this tripartite classification, “commitment is a psychological state that (a) characterizes the employee’s relationship with the organization and (b) has implications for the decision to continue or discontinue membership in the organization. Organizational culture gives identity to an organization. Notwithstanding the individuality of the staff members, their actions are collectively bound by the organizational culture. Organizational commitment–guest worker status interactions were significant predictors of overall performance and helping, and partially supported the dissonance perspective. Paulin, Ferguson, & Bergeron (2006) proposed that job satisfaction influences organizational commitment. Kim, Leong, & Lee, (2005) believed that employees with job satisfaction have higher levels of organizational commitment than employees with job dissatisfaction. Organizational culture appeared to have some influence on attitudes toward organizational change.

[Eslami J, Eslami S, Taheri Sinaki M, Gharakhani, D. Organizational commitment, organizational culture and career satisfaction. Rep Opinion 2013;5(5):62-66]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 9

doi:10.7537/marsroj050513.09

 

Keywords: Organizational Commitment, Organizational Culture, Career Satisfaction.

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10

Evaluate and rank the performance of total quality management in manufacturing organizations whith approach fuzzy ANP

 

Amjad Rabbani 1(corresponding author), Mehran Molavi 2, Yosef Beigzadeh 3

 

1. Department of Student Industrial Management, Azad University, Mahabad Branch, Iran

2. Department of Islamic Azad University Mahabad Branch, Iran

3. Department of Islamic Azad University Bonab Branch, Iran

Rabb_88@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and rank the performance of TQM in the manufacturing organization by using fuzzy network analysis process. The research of Type was applied and research method is quasi-experimental. To select a group decision was used multistage cluster sampling method. in this study was used Paired comparisons of TQM questionnaire. And after training sessions, questionnaires were distributed among the sample. Information Analysis Process by Fuzzy Network was evaluated using Super Dicision software. The results showed that the main criteria of the organization and management between the four main criteria, won first place. And also subcriterias of identify and training and Top management support and leadership in the organization and Human Resource Management to were ranked first and third respectively. And finally the strategic plan subcriteria was in the last place.

[Amjad Rabbani, Mehran Molavi, Yosef Beigzadeh. Evaluate and rank the performance of total quality management in manufacturing organizations whith approach fuzzy ANP. Rep Opinion 2013;5(5):67-79]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 10

doi:10.7537/marsroj050513.10

 

Keywords: Ranking, Criteria of Total Quality Management, ANP, Fuzzy.

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from May 2, 2013. 
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