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Science Journal

 

Report and Opinion

(Rep Opinion)

Volume 6 - Issue 7, Cumulated 61, July 25, 2014, ISSN 1553-9873, Monthly

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers

 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Technical Specification for Creating Apps in Android

 

Kauser Hameed, Manal Elobaid

 

Department of Computer Science, CCSIT, King Faisal University, Hofuf, KSA

manalobaid@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: As it has been observed, people are adopting latest technologies to access their favorite apps to enhance their knowledge in their busy and spare time. The aim of this research work is to develop a guidance framework that can help programmers to develop Quran Apps using Android technologies. The paper aspire to specify all the significant steps in initiating a “Quran app" development process, starting from setting up a device with Android SDK, Android Tools and other technical software and hardware necessities to finally launching it in Play Store for public access. This paper will narrate the configuring process involved in Integrated Development Environment with Android SDK Tools required for coding using Eclipse, and developing the App’s backend with the SQLite. Various APIs will be explored to create user interfaces, activities, and services based on the UML diagrams and Use Cases. Likewise, converting the ER diagrams (logical database) into physical database using SQLite format and further connecting the UI with these databases will also be discussed. In the meantime, Sighting authentic databases in various formats and clarifies sources will also be enlightened. Moreover, the paper will cover the process of hosting database in an App Server along with other app resources. Testing condition that can be carried out in parallel at different incremental development stages in android device and in emulator will also be focused. Finally the paper will wrap up with the best practices used to launch the App in Google play store to make it available to the world and by other different supported means.

[Kauser Hameed, Manal Elobaid. Technical Specification for Creating Apps in Android. Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):1-6]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 1. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.01

 

Keywords: Mobile Applications, Android, Quran Applications, UML diagrams, Quran Database

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2

Historical periodization of Kazakh literary language

 

Maira Abibullakyzy Zhunissova

 

Department of Theory language and kazakh literature, Seyfullina512, Kazakhstan

Kazakh State Women’s Teacher Training University , Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan 090000

zhmaira_71@mail.ru

Candidate sciences of philology, docent Zhunissova Zhadira Abibullaevna

Eurasia national university by name of L.N.Gumilev

jadira-73@mail.ru

 

Abstract: The Kazakh language historical friend considered Turkic studies before turkic pore and nowadays Turkic language establishes a connection memorizes. The history of language on direction of question living on easy street scientists of Kazakh K. Zhubanov, S. Amanzholov, Y. Kenesbaev, Т. Kordabaev, Y. Zhubanov, R. Syzdykova, S. Isaev, G. Kaliev break a secret labors of scientists. Kazakh literary language is history lives on easy street touching opinion one side, and Kazakh language historical friend is deeply denies. History of language G. Kasymova offered program living on easy street scientist and published textbook. We have minded that the linguistics relooks and periodization linguistic problems in world Turkish monuments should be by control. We notice, that scientists, that was come into question by the articles, and any historically periodization. As monuments of Turkish was general so periodization linguistically of history language and believe that it is aim. The history of language through information on writing monuments has new periodization linguistic pore. Therefore, the periodization Kazakh literary languages could be optimized by the application of the developed simulation model.

[Maira Abibullakyzy Zhunissova. Historical periodization of Kazakh literary language. Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):7-11]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 2. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.02

 

Key words: Kazakh language, Kazakh literary language, historical periodization.

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3

The  Radiant Manager?...(A New theory on “ Scientific Management module”)

 

M.Arulmani, B.E.

(Engineer)

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.

(Biologist)

vrhemalatha58@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This Scientific research article attempts to accommodate thousands of confused management theories and Principles within THREE-IN-ONE base frame called “Standard Scientific Management Module” or “J-CODE”.

Creativity needs management skill?... This article emphasize that creativity needs “Radiant Skill” rather than Managerial Skill which focus only on productivity. This article focus that the “Radiant Manager” shall be considered as referred to “CREATOR” who is distinguished from conventional “MANAGER”, “LEADER” and “RULER”. Further it is emphasized that standard scientific module shall mean identifying the characteristics and behavior of fundamental particles PHOTON, ELECTRON, PROTON emanated from J-Radiation. Further the whole process of management Philosophy shall be considered accommodated within fundamental “Three-in-one Domain”. The goal of creativity shall be considered as providing PEACE rather than productivity which aims to focus COMFORT. ARTS, SCIENCE, INTUITION shall be considered as THREE-IN-ONE fundamental domain of Creativity”.

[M.Arulmani, B.E.; V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil. The  Radiant Manager?...(A New theory on “ Scientific Management module”). Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):12-18]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 3. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.03

 

2.       Key Words:

a)                                 Creator differs from LEADER?....

b)                                 Leader differs from MANAGER?..

c)                                 Manager differs from RULER?..

d)                                 Science differs from ARTS?..

e)                                 Arts differs from INTUITION?...

f)                                  Intuition differs from SCIENCE?...

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4

Combining ability analysis and effect of seed priming on seedling traits in Sunflower (Helianthus annus).

 

Waqas amin, *Saif-ul-malook, Aamer Mumtaz, Sharmin ashraf, Hafiz Mehboob ahmad, Khalid Hafeez, Muhammad Sajjad and Ameer Bibi

 

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

Corresponding author E-mail: saifulmalookpbg@gmail.com, malikwaqas835@yahoo.com

 

ABSTRACT: Pakistan is facing severe shortage of edible oil. Sunflower can be a good alternative for fulfilling oil requirement due to its ideal characteristics. Seed priming is a technique which is used to decrease the harmful effects of different abiotic factors and to increase the seed germination and crop production. It was indicated from emergence index that high value of SCA for a single cross A6.12124A11.8 and lowest value for a single cross, A6.12124A6.5 was reported under 1.50% seed priming level of calcium chloride. A2.2A6.5 showed the highest specific combining ability while A2.2A11.8 showed the poorest specific combining ability under normal condition while higher value for specific combining ability of a sing cross A2.2A6.5 was recorded and poorest value of combining ability of A2.2A6.5 was observed under 2.50% level of seed priming. It was suggested that A6.1238 among the parents while A6.12124A6.5, C2.1818A6.5, A2.2A6.5 and B2.1C2.21 among the hybrids may be used to select for development of drought and saline tolerant genotypes with better germination.

[Waqas amin, Saif-ul-malook, Aamer Mumtaz, Sharmin ashraf, Hafiz Mehboob ahmad, Khalid Hafeez, Muhammad Sajjad and Ameer Bibi. Combining ability analysis and effect of seed priming on seedling traits in Sunflower (Helianthus annus). Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):19-30]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 4. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.04

 

Key words: heritability, genetic advance, correlation, drought.

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5

Modernisation Of Social Institutions Through Law India

 

Jamshed Ansari

 

Ex- Guest Faculty at Faculty of Law, University of Delhi, Delhi (India)

E-Mail- jamshedansari024@gmail.com

 

Abstract: In this project, the author will be particularly stressing upon education as a social institution. Education is the cornerstone in any human society which along with socialization marks the emergence of the young people into adulthood. In preliterate societies, the family and kin networks furnish the educational requirements of the people. In many tribes there were special clubs or societies where the adolescents receive training in the various aspects of life such as hunting, warfare, dance and music, polity and trade. In more complexes, large-scale agrarian societies of the past such as those of Greece, Rome and India, education became a more formal affair.

[Ansari, Jamshed. Modernisation Of Social Institutions Through Law in India. Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):31-35]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 5. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.05

 

Key Words: Education, social institution, society, modernization etc.

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6

Phytochemical Analysis and Biological Activity of Convolvulus althaeoides and Convolvulus stachydifolius var. villosus

 

Fatma Aly Ahmed 1, Abd El-Monem M.A. Sharaf 2, Mahmoud R. Sofy 2* and Mohammed Hassan Elhaw 2

 

1.       Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Department, Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt

2.       Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

*mahmoud_sofy@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The high percentage of water content in aerial parts of Convolvulus althaeoides and Convolvulus stachydifolius var. villosus observed in leaf which can be affected the metabolic processes in plant. The percentage of total carbohydrates and total lipid of Convolvulus althaeoides and Convolvulus stachydifolius var. villosus plants reached its maximum values in leaf decreasing gradually in flower to reach the lowest percentage in stem. Investigation of the free sugars showed that, galactose have maximum values in flower, galactose and glucose in leaf, glucose and galactose in stem in both plant respectively. The highest amount of total nitrogen and protein content was recorded in winter. The percentage of total nitrogen of Convolvulus althaeoides and Convolvulus stachydifolius var. villosus plants reached its maximum values in flower decreasing gradually in leaf to reach the lowest percentage stem; amino acid analyzer showed that, plants contains 15 free amino acids, respectively. Successive extraction showed that, methanol extracts have maximum values in flower, water extract have maximum values in leaf and stem respectively. Antimicrobial studies by used 6 bacterial strain and 5 fungal strains showed that, Convolvulus althaeoides and Convolvulus stachydifolius var. villosus plants can be used as antimicrobial agents, no Anti-virulence activity in both plant under investigation.

[Ahmed FA, Sharaf AMA, Sofy MR and Elhaw MH. Phytochemical Analysis and Biological Activity of Convolvulus althaeoides and Convolvulus stachydifolius var. villosus. Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):36-44]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 6. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.06

 

Key words: Convolvulus althaeoides; Convolvulus stachydifolius var. villosus; chemical composition; antimicrobial agents; Anti-virulence and antitumor

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7

Efficiency of Ozone generated by Dielectric Barrier Discharge on Oxacillin susceptibility and biofilm formation of Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates

 

Said E. Desouky 1* and Usama Rashed 2,3

 

1.        Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science (Boys), Al -Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt

2.        Physics Department, Faculty of Science (Boys), Al -Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt

3.        Centre of Plasma Technology, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt

*dr_saidesouky@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of severe infections in both hospitals and community with high morbidity and mortality rates. Add to that, the extensive use of antimicrobial drugs has led to the widespread emergence of resistant bacterial strains and appearance of multidrug resistant bacteria like methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA). The shortage of antimicrobial strategy as a therapy necessitated to search for an alternative therapeutic tools. In the present study, we examined the antibiotic effect on 20 staphylococcal clinical isolates combined with Sub-Lethal Doses (SLD) of ozone. Ozone (O3) was generated using Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) system. The discharge system was found to be efficient in ozone generation where ozone was generated in the discharge filaments via electron impact. Ozone concentrations from 0.5 to 45 gm/cm3 were detected at very low consumed electric power from 1 to 20 W. Almost no survival of bacterial cells were detected after being treated with O3 concentration 4 g/m3, flow rate 0.1 l/min at 37 C for 2.5 min. we used O3 SLD for MRSA and methicillin sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) treatment and investigated the interrelation for MSSA isolates and inconsequent for MRSA. We also studied the effect of SLD on bacterial biofilm formation by investigating ultra-structure with scanning electron microscope. Our study prove a synergistic effect between O3 exposure and antibiotic treatment for MSSA infection as well as attenuation of biofilm formation and we speculate our primary investigation to be a core for new strategy for staphylococcal infection therapy.

[Desouky SE and Rashed U. Efficiency of Ozone generated by Dielectric Barrier Discharge on Oxacillin susceptibility and biofilm formation of Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates. Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):45-54]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 7. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.07

 

Key words: MRSA; DBD; Ozone therapy; biofilm formation; antibiotic susceptibility

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8

Under-over ground Biomass characteristic of perennial Species (Eremostachys laciniata) in northwest Iran (Till area of shabestar)

 

Hamideh Shadkami1٭, Ghassem Habibi bibalani2

 

1. M.Sc. On Plant Systematic-Ecology, Department of Plant biology, Marand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marand, Iran

2. Department of Agriculture, Shabestar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shabestar, Iran

h_shadkamie@yahoo.com

 

ABSTRACT: Studies on assessment biomass variation in selected populations of Eremostachys laciniata were in northwest Iran (Till area of shabestar). Research aimed to investigate how root and shoot biomass production varies across a range of bulk densities and soil strengths. The research also sought to determine whether there is a threshold bulk density and/or soil strength that limit biomass production of roots and or shoots for perennial grasses. Root and shoot in these species were sampled in one stage from Mar to Aug. roots of plants stable soils on slope and provide resistance against the forces that improve slope instability. We studied: Eremostachys laciniata to determine its characteristics. Data were collected with random sampling in this aria with 1m2 in 64 quadrate plots. Mean, Max and Min over ground biomass of this plant is 0.66, 7.33, 3.27 g-2, respectively.

[Hamideh Shadkami, Ghassem Habibi bibalani. Under-over ground Biomass characteristic of perennial Species

(Eremostachys laciniata) in northwest Iran (Till area of shabestar). Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):55-58]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 8. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.08

 

Key words: Eremostachys laciniata, soil, under-over ground biomass and rangeland

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9

Determination of number of kanban in a cellular manufacturing system with considering rework process

 

Mojtaba Aghajani 1*, Abbas Keramati 2

 

1, 2 Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

* Full telephone:+98-21-82095510; Fax No: +98-21-88006076; m.aghajani@ymail.com

 

Abstract: The main element of just-in-time production system is kanban and the number of kanban influences the product inventory level. This research studies the cellular manufacturing system (CMS) controlled by kanban mechanism which defective items are produced in any production run of each product and rework is carried out to transform them into serviceable items. In each cycle after the normal production of each product the machine is setup for the rework process. In this paper, an mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) model in order to minimize total cost was developed to determine number of kanban, batch size, and number of batches. A simulated annealing (SA) algorithm as a meta-heuristic method to avoid the large computational time in optimal solution is developed for solving a large MINLP. Some problems are solved by SA and it is shown that the SA algorithm is an efficient method for solving the proposed model.

[Mojtaba Aghajani, Abbas Keramati. Determination of number of kanban in a cellular manufacturing system with considering rework process. Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):59-70]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 9. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.09

 

Keywords: Kanban, Cellular manufacturing system, Mixed integer non-linear programming (MINLP), Meta-Heuristic, Simulated annealing

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10

Densification and Fuel Characteristics of Briquettes produced from Corncob

 

*Oladeji 1, J. T., and Lucas 2 E.B.

 

1, 2 Mechanical Engineering Department, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P.M.B. 4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria

*Correspondence email: oladeji2004@yahoo.com/jtoladeji@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Corncob residues are usually dumped and flared on the farms, where they constitute health risk to both human and ecology. Densification of corncobs would improve their bulk handling, transportation and storage properties. This work investigated densification characteristics of corncobs using an experimental briquetting machine. Raw corncobs were milled into particles by a hammer mill. The blends of ground corncob and cassava starch gel were compacted in a 4-compartment briquetting machine, which operates on hydraulic principle with a dwell time of 120 seconds. The ASAE standard methods were used to determine the moisture contents (dry basis) and densities of the milled residues and briquettes, while ASTM standard methods were used to determine the proximate and ultimate analyses of the residues. The compaction, density and relaxation ratios of the briquettes were also determined. The mechanical properties were determined using instron universal testing machine, while the heating value was determined with the aid of Gallen Kamp Ballistic Bomb calorimeter.  The mean moisture content of the corncob was 9.64 %, while the relaxed briquette was 7.46 %. The corresponding value of bulk density of the residue material was 95.33 kg/m3. The initial, maximum and relaxed densities of produced briquette were 193; 757 and 389 kg/m3 respectively, while the density, compaction and relaxation ratios of the briquette were 0.77, 4.38 and 1.71 respectively. The compressive strength of briquette was 2.34kN/m2, while the higher heating value of briquettes was found to be 20,890kJ/kg. The study concluded that the densification and fuel parameters were good enough and that briquettes produced from corncob would make good biomass energy.

[Oladeji, J. T., and Lucas E.B. Densification and Fuel Characteristics of Briquettes produced from Corncob. Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):71-76]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 10. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.10

 

Keywords: - corncob, briquette, agricultural wastes, processing parameters, briquetting machine

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11

Critical Discourse Analysis: Scrutinizing Ideologically-Driven Discourses

 

Mohammad Javad Riasati 1, Forough Rahimi 2

 

1Department of Foreign Languages, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

 2Department of Foreign Languages, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

 

Abstract: Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) has been used as a basic discipline in education to provide answers to questions about the relationships between language, society, power, identity, ideology, politics, and culture. Van Dijk (1997) being a leading figure of this field, has defined critical discourse studies as a new multidisciplinary discipline for the analysis of text and talk in the humanities and social sciences. CDA aims at examining the dominant culture in a society to discover the mechanisms that have made that culture dominant, and to criticize of those mechanisms. The utmost objective of any CDA study is to unravel the underlying hidden agenda which is left implicit in the discourse. This paper aims to provide a concise overview about CDA, its definition, and some CDA frameworks. In this regard, four basic CDA frameworks proposed by Van Leeuwen, Van Dijk, Hodge and Kress, and Faircalough have been presented. 

[Mohammad Javad Riasati, Forough Rahimi. Critical Discourse Analysis: Scrutinizing Ideologically-Driven Discourses. Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):77-81]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 11. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.11

 

Key words: Critical discourse analysis, Definitions of CDA, CDA frameworks, Principles of  CDA.

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12

Providing a model for developing service document of Electronic City in Tehran Metropolitan area, Iran

 

Omid Ahadian

 

Young Researchers Club, Hamedan Branch Islamic Azad University Hamedan, Iran.

O_Ahadian@iauh.ac.ir

 

Abstract: Developing service documents of Electronic City is one of the premier and most basic acts of planners and executives of placement and development of Electronic Cities. This document is in fact includes directive pillars (vision, duty and objective), strategies and general policies of placement plan and development of Electronic Cities. The present article provides achievement of studies and researches, which have been done in order to having availability to comprehensive and scientific model for the development of directives of Electronic Cities. Finally, by comparative and inductive study and analysis the documents of plans of Electronic Cities and obtained opinions of experts, criteria's for development of the directives of Electronic Cities have been gathered and on the three axis of urban management, city and citizens have been classified.

[Omid Ahadian. Providing a model for developing service document of Electronic City in Tehran Metropolitan area, Iran. Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):82-87]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 12. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.12

 

Key words: Electronic City, service document, knowledge, socio-economic networks.

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13

The Combined Influence of Broiler Litter and Mineral NP Fertilizers on Soil Chemical Properties, Maize Performance and Nutrient Uptake in a Calcareous Soil

 

Seyfollah Fallah1 , Amir Ghalavand2 and  Fayez Raiesi3

 

1Assistant professor of Agrecology, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Iran

2Associate professor of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran

3 Associate professor of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Iran

*Corresponding author: falah1357@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Organic manures can be a valuable and inexpensive source of soil amending materials to supply plant nutrients, and to improve soil properties that are important for crop performance. However, effects of broiler litter on soil chemical properties and maize performance in arid and semi-arid areas are not well-known. The main objective of this study was to explore the interactive influence of broiler litter and chemical NP fertilizers on maize yield and chemical properties of a calcareous soil. The experiment consisted of two methods of fertilizer placements and seven fertilizer treatments conducted for two successive years under field conditions. Results showed that furrower method improved soil chemical properties and subsequently increased maize grain yield and dry matter production compared with disk + furrower method. The N and P levels in soil increased with the application of NP fertilizers and broiler litter. Soils amended with broiler litter and NP fertilizers had greater maize grain yield and dry matter production than the control. In conclusion, furrower placement combined with the application of broiler litter and 20% of the optimum chemical NP fertilizers were the most efficient nutrient management practice for increasing maize performance in the studied area.

[Seyfollah Fallah, Amir Ghalavand and  Fayez Raiesi. The Combined Influence of Broiler Litter and Mineral NP Fertilizers on Soil Chemical Properties, Maize Performance and Nutrient Uptake in a Calcareous Soil. Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):88-99]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 13. doi:10.7537/marsroj060714.13

 

Keywords: Manure; maize; synthetic fertilizers; nitrogen; incorporation method; calcareous soil

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