Report and Opinion
6 - Issue 7, Cumulated 61, July 25, 2014, ISSN 1553-9873, Monthly
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Technical Specification for Creating Apps
Kauser Hameed, Manal Elobaid
Department of Computer Science,
CCSIT, King Faisal University, Hofuf, KSA
Abstract: As it has
been observed, people are adopting latest technologies to access
their favorite apps to enhance their knowledge in their busy and
spare time. The aim of this research work is to develop a
guidance framework that can help programmers to develop Quran
Apps using Android technologies. The paper aspire to specify all
the significant steps in initiating a “Quran app" development
process, starting from setting up a device with Android SDK,
Android Tools and other technical software and hardware
necessities to finally launching it in Play Store for public
access. This paper will narrate the configuring process involved
in Integrated Development Environment with Android SDK Tools
required for coding using Eclipse, and developing the App’s
backend with the SQLite. Various APIs will be explored to create
user interfaces, activities, and services based on the UML
diagrams and Use Cases. Likewise, converting the ER diagrams
(logical database) into physical database using SQLite format
and further connecting the UI with these databases will also be
discussed. In the meantime, Sighting authentic databases in
various formats and clarifies sources will also be enlightened.
Moreover, the paper will cover the process of hosting database
in an App Server along with other app resources. Testing
condition that can be carried out in parallel at different
incremental development stages in android device and in emulator
will also be focused. Finally the paper will wrap up with the
best practices used to launch the App in Google play store to
make it available to the world and by other different supported
[Kauser Hameed, Manal Elobaid. Technical
Specification for Creating Apps in Android.
Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):1-6].
Applications, Android, Quran Applications, UML diagrams, Quran
Historical periodization of Kazakh literary language
Maira Abibullakyzy Zhunissova
Department of Theory language and kazakh literature,
Kazakh State Women’s Teacher Training University , Almaty,
Republic of Kazakhstan 090000
Candidate sciences of philology, docent Zhunissova
Eurasia national university by name of L.N.Gumilev
The Kazakh language historical friend considered Turkic studies
before turkic pore and nowadays Turkic language establishes a
connection memorizes. The history of language on direction of
question living on easy street scientists of Kazakh K. Zhubanov,
S. Amanzholov, Y. Kenesbaev, Т. Kordabaev, Y. Zhubanov, R.
Syzdykova, S. Isaev, G. Kaliev break a secret labors of
scientists. Kazakh literary language is history lives on easy
street touching opinion one side, and Kazakh language historical
friend is deeply denies. History of language G. Kasymova offered
program living on easy street scientist and published textbook.
We have minded that the
linguistics relooks and periodization linguistic problems in
world Turkish monuments should be by control. We notice, that
scientists, that was come into question by the articles, and any
historically periodization. As monuments of Turkish was general
so periodization linguistically of history language and believe
that it is aim. The history of language through information on
writing monuments has new periodization linguistic pore.
Therefore, the periodization Kazakh literary languages could be
optimized by the application of the developed simulation model.
[Maira Abibullakyzy Zhunissova. Historical periodization of
Kazakh literary language. Rep Opinion
Kazakh language, Kazakh literary language, historical
theory on “
This Scientific research article
attempts to accommodate thousands of confused management
theories and Principles within THREE-IN-ONE base frame called
“Standard Scientific Management Module” or “J-CODE”.
Creativity needs management
article emphasize that creativity needs “Radiant Skill”
rather than Managerial Skill which focus only on
productivity. This article focus that the “Radiant
Manager” shall be considered as referred to “CREATOR”
who is distinguished from conventional “MANAGER”, “LEADER”
and “RULER”. Further it is emphasized that standard
scientific module shall mean identifying the characteristics and
behavior of fundamental particles PHOTON, ELECTRON, PROTON
emanated from J-Radiation. Further the whole process of
management Philosophy shall be considered accommodated within
fundamental “Three-in-one Domain”. The goal of creativity
shall be considered as providing PEACE rather than
productivity which aims to focus COMFORT. “ARTS,
SCIENCE, INTUITION shall be considered as THREE-IN-ONE
fundamental domain of Creativity”.
[M.Arulmani, B.E.; V.R.Hema
Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil. The Radiant
Manager?...(A New theory on “ Scientific
Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):12-18].
Creator differs from LEADER?....
Leader differs from MANAGER?..
Manager differs from RULER?..
Science differs from ARTS?..
Arts differs from INTUITION?...
Intuition differs from SCIENCE?...
analysis and effect of seed priming on seedling traits in
Sunflower (Helianthus annus).
Waqas amin, *Saif-ul-malook, Aamer Mumtaz, Sharmin ashraf, Hafiz
Mehboob ahmad, Khalid Hafeez, Muhammad Sajjad and Ameer Bibi
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of
Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
Corresponding author E-mail:
Pakistan is facing severe shortage of edible oil. Sunflower can
be a good alternative for fulfilling oil requirement due to its
ideal characteristics. Seed priming is a technique which is used
to decrease the harmful effects of different abiotic factors and
to increase the seed germination and crop production. It was
indicated from emergence index that high value of SCA for a
single cross A6.12124×A11.8 and lowest value for a single cross,
A6.12124×A6.5 was reported under 1.50% seed priming level of
calcium chloride. A2.2×A6.5 showed the highest specific
combining ability while A2.2×A11.8 showed the poorest specific
combining ability under normal condition while higher value for
specific combining ability of a sing cross A2.2×A6.5 was
recorded and poorest value of combining ability of A2.2×A6.5 was
observed under 2.50% level of seed priming. It was suggested
that A6.1238 among the parents while
A6.12124×A6.5, C2.1818×A6.5, A2.2×A6.5 and
B2.1×C2.21 among the hybrids may be
used to select for development of drought and saline tolerant
genotypes with better germination.
Saif-ul-malook, Aamer Mumtaz, Sharmin ashraf, Hafiz Mehboob
ahmad, Khalid Hafeez, Muhammad Sajjad and Ameer Bibi.
Combining ability analysis and effect of seed priming on
seedling traits in Sunflower (Helianthus annus).
2014;6(7):19-30]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).
heritability, genetic advance, correlation, drought.
Modernisation Of Social
Institutions Through Law India
Ex- Guest Faculty at Faculty of
Law, University of Delhi, Delhi (India)
In this project, the author will be particularly stressing upon
education as a social institution. Education is the cornerstone
in any human society which along with socialization marks the
emergence of the young people into adulthood. In preliterate
societies, the family and kin networks furnish the educational
requirements of the people. In many tribes there were special
clubs or societies where the adolescents receive training in the
various aspects of life such as hunting, warfare, dance and
music, polity and trade. In more complexes, large-scale agrarian
societies of the past such as those of Greece, Rome and India,
education became a more formal affair.
Modernisation Of Social Institutions Through Law in India.
Education, social institution, society, modernization etc.
Phytochemical Analysis and
Biological Activity of Convolvulus althaeoides and
Convolvulus stachydifolius var. villosus
Fatma Aly Ahmed 1, Abd
El-Monem M.A. Sharaf 2, Mahmoud R. Sofy 2*
and Mohammed Hassan Elhaw 2
Aromatic Plants Department, Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt
Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar
University, Cairo, Egypt
Abstract: The high percentage of water content in aerial
parts of Convolvulus althaeoides and Convolvulus
stachydifolius var. villosus observed in leaf which
can be affected the metabolic processes in plant. The percentage
of total carbohydrates and total lipid of Convolvulus
althaeoides and Convolvulus stachydifolius var.
villosus plants reached its maximum values in leaf
decreasing gradually in flower to reach the lowest percentage in
stem. Investigation of the free sugars showed that, galactose
have maximum values in flower, galactose and glucose in leaf,
glucose and galactose in stem in both plant respectively. The
highest amount of total nitrogen and protein content was
recorded in winter. The percentage of total nitrogen of
Convolvulus althaeoides and Convolvulus stachydifolius
var. villosus plants reached its maximum values in
flower decreasing gradually in leaf to reach the lowest
percentage stem; amino acid analyzer showed that, plants
contains 15 free amino acids, respectively. Successive
extraction showed that, methanol extracts have maximum values in
flower, water extract have maximum values in leaf and stem
respectively. Antimicrobial studies by used 6 bacterial strain
and 5 fungal strains showed that, Convolvulus althaeoides
and Convolvulus stachydifolius var. villosus
plants can be used as antimicrobial agents, no Anti-virulence
activity in both plant under investigation.
[Ahmed FA, Sharaf AMA, Sofy MR and Elhaw MH. Phytochemical
Analysis and Biological Activity of Convolvulus althaeoides
and Convolvulus stachydifolius var. villosus.
Rep Opinion 2014;6(7):36-44].
Key words: Convolvulus
althaeoides; Convolvulus stachydifolius var.
villosus; chemical composition; antimicrobial agents;
Anti-virulence and antitumor
Efficiency of Ozone generated by
Dielectric Barrier Discharge on Oxacillin susceptibility and
biofilm formation of Staphylococcus aureus
Said E. Desouky 1* and
Usama Rashed 2,3
Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science (Boys), Al -Azhar
University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
Faculty of Science (Boys), Al -Azhar University, Nasr City,
Centre of Plasma
Technology, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
Abstract: Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause
of severe infections in both hospitals and community with high
morbidity and mortality rates. Add to that, the extensive use
of antimicrobial drugs has led to the widespread emergence of
resistant bacterial strains and appearance of multidrug
resistant bacteria like methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA).
The shortage of antimicrobial strategy as a therapy necessitated
to search for an alternative therapeutic tools. In the present
study, we examined the antibiotic effect on 20 staphylococcal
clinical isolates combined with Sub-Lethal Doses (SLD) of ozone.
Ozone (O3) was generated using Dielectric Barrier
Discharge (DBD) system. The discharge system was found to be
efficient in ozone generation where ozone was generated in the
discharge filaments via electron impact. Ozone concentrations
from 0.5 to 45 gm/cm3 were detected at very low
consumed electric power from 1 to 20 W. Almost no survival of
bacterial cells were detected after being treated with O3
concentration 4 g/m3, flow rate 0.1 l/min at 37
°C for 2.5 min. we used O3 SLD for MRSA
and methicillin sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) treatment and
investigated the interrelation for MSSA isolates and
inconsequent for MRSA. We also studied the effect of SLD on
bacterial biofilm formation by investigating ultra-structure
with scanning electron microscope. Our study prove a synergistic
effect between O3 exposure and antibiotic treatment
for MSSA infection as well as attenuation of biofilm formation
and we speculate our primary investigation to be a core for new
strategy for staphylococcal infection therapy.
[Desouky SE and Rashed U. Efficiency of Ozone
generated by Dielectric Barrier Discharge on Oxacillin
susceptibility and biofilm formation of Staphylococcus
aureus clinical isolates. Rep
Opinion 2014;6(7):45-54]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).
MRSA; DBD; Ozone therapy; biofilm formation; antibiotic
Under-over ground Biomass
characteristic of perennial Species (Eremostachys laciniata)
in northwest Iran (Till area of shabestar)
Ghassem Habibi bibalani2
M.Sc. On Plant Systematic-Ecology, Department of Plant biology,
Marand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marand, Iran
2. Department of Agriculture,
Shabestar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shabestar, Iran
ABSTRACT: Studies on assessment
biomass variation in selected populations of Eremostachys
laciniata were in northwest Iran (Till area of shabestar).
Research aimed to investigate how root and shoot biomass
production varies across a range of bulk densities and soil
strengths. The research also sought to determine whether there
is a threshold bulk density and/or soil strength that limit
biomass production of roots and or shoots for perennial grasses.
Root and shoot in these species were sampled in one stage from
Mar to Aug. roots of plants stable soils on slope and provide
resistance against the forces that improve slope instability. We
studied: Eremostachys laciniata to determine its
characteristics. Data were collected with random sampling in
this aria with 1m2 in 64 quadrate plots. Mean, Max and Min over
ground biomass of this plant is 0.66, 7.33, 3.27 g-2,
[Hamideh Shadkami, Ghassem Habibi
bibalani. Under-over ground Biomass characteristic of
(Eremostachys laciniata) in northwest Iran (Till area of
2014;6(7):55-58]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).
Eremostachys laciniata, soil, under-over ground biomass
Determination of number of kanban in a
manufacturing system with considering
Aghajani 1*, Abbas Keramati
1, 2 Department
of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of
Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Fax No: +98-21-88006076;
The main element
of just-in-time production system
is kanban and the
number of kanban
influences the product inventory level. This research studies
manufacturing system (CMS)
controlled by kanban mechanism which defective items are
produced in any production run of each product and rework is
carried out to transform them into serviceable items. In each
cycle after the normal production of each product the machine is
setup for the rework process. In this paper, an mixed-integer
nonlinear programming (MINLP) model in order to minimize total
cost was developed to determine number of kanban, batch size,
and number of batches. A simulated annealing (SA) algorithm as a
meta-heuristic method to avoid the large computational time in
optimal solution is
developed for solving a large MINLP. Some problems are solved by
SA and it is shown that the SA algorithm is an efficient method
for solving the proposed model.
Aghajani, Abbas Keramati. Determination of number of
kanban in a cellular manufacturing system with considering
rework process. Rep Opinion
2014;6(7):59-70]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).
manufacturing system, Mixed integer
non-linear programming (MINLP), Meta-Heuristic, Simulated
Densification and Fuel Characteristics of Briquettes produced
*Oladeji 1, J. T., and Lucas 2 E.B.
Mechanical Engineering Department, Ladoke Akintola
University of Technology, P.M.B. 4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
Corncob residues are usually dumped and flared on the farms,
where they constitute health risk to both human and ecology.
Densification of corncobs would improve their bulk handling,
transportation and storage properties. This work investigated
densification characteristics of corncobs using an experimental
briquetting machine. Raw corncobs were milled into particles by
a hammer mill. The blends of ground corncob and cassava starch
gel were compacted in a 4-compartment briquetting machine, which
operates on hydraulic principle with a dwell time of 120
seconds. The ASAE standard methods were used to determine the
moisture contents (dry basis) and densities of the milled
residues and briquettes, while ASTM standard methods were used
to determine the proximate and ultimate analyses of the
residues. The compaction, density and relaxation ratios of the
briquettes were also determined. The mechanical properties were
determined using instron universal testing machine, while the
heating value was determined with the aid of Gallen Kamp
Ballistic Bomb calorimeter. The mean moisture content of
the corncob was 9.64 %, while the relaxed briquette was 7.46 %.
The corresponding value of bulk density of the residue material
was 95.33 kg/m3. The initial, maximum and relaxed
densities of produced briquette were 193; 757 and 389 kg/m3
respectively, while the density, compaction and relaxation
ratios of the briquette were 0.77, 4.38 and 1.71 respectively.
The compressive strength of briquette was 2.34kN/m2,
while the higher heating value of briquettes was found to be
20,890kJ/kg. The study concluded that the densification and fuel
parameters were good enough and that briquettes produced from
corncob would make good biomass energy.
[Oladeji, J. T., and
Lucas E.B. Densification and Fuel Characteristics of
Briquettes produced from Corncob. Rep Opinion
2014;6(7):71-76]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).
- corncob, briquette, agricultural wastes, processing
parameters, briquetting machine
Critical Discourse Analysis: Scrutinizing Ideologically-Driven
Mohammad Javad Riasati 1, Forough Rahimi 2
of Foreign Languages, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University,
of Foreign Languages, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University,
Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) has been used as a basic
discipline in education to provide answers to questions about
the relationships between language, society, power, identity,
ideology, politics, and culture. Van Dijk (1997) being a leading
figure of this field, has defined critical discourse studies as
a new multidisciplinary discipline for the analysis of text and
talk in the humanities and social sciences. CDA aims at
examining the dominant culture in a society to discover the
mechanisms that have made that culture dominant, and to
criticize of those mechanisms. The utmost objective of any CDA
study is to unravel the underlying hidden agenda which is left
implicit in the discourse. This paper aims to provide a concise
overview about CDA, its definition, and some CDA frameworks. In
this regard, four basic CDA frameworks proposed by Van Leeuwen,
Van Dijk, Hodge and Kress, and Faircalough have been presented.
[Mohammad Javad Riasati, Forough Rahimi. Critical Discourse Analysis:
Scrutinizing Ideologically-Driven Discourses.
2014;6(7):77-81]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).
Critical discourse analysis, Definitions of CDA, CDA frameworks,
Principles of CDA.
Providing a model for
developing service document of Electronic City in Tehran
Metropolitan area, Iran
Club, Hamedan Branch Islamic Azad University Hamedan, Iran.
Developing service documents of Electronic City is one of the
premier and most basic acts of planners and executives of
placement and development of Electronic Cities. This document is
in fact includes directive pillars (vision, duty and objective),
strategies and general policies of placement plan and
development of Electronic Cities. The present article provides
achievement of studies and researches, which have been done in
order to having availability to comprehensive and scientific
model for the development of directives of Electronic Cities.
Finally, by comparative and inductive study and analysis the
documents of plans of Electronic Cities and obtained opinions of
experts, criteria's for development of the directives of
Electronic Cities have been gathered and on the three axis of
urban management, city and citizens have been classified.
[Omid Ahadian. Providing a model for developing service
document of Electronic City in Tehran Metropolitan area, Iran.
Electronic City, service document, knowledge,
The Combined Influence of Broiler Litter and
Mineral NP Fertilizers on Soil Chemical Properties, Maize
Performance and Nutrient Uptake in a Calcareous Soil
Seyfollah Fallah1 , Amir Ghalavand2
and Fayez Raiesi3
professor of Agrecology, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord
professor of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares
professor of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord
Organic manures can be a valuable and inexpensive source of soil
amending materials to supply plant nutrients, and to improve
soil properties that are important for crop performance.
However, effects of broiler litter on soil chemical properties
and maize performance in arid and semi-arid areas are not
The main objective of this study was to explore
the interactive influence of broiler litter and chemical NP
fertilizers on maize yield and chemical properties of a
calcareous soil. The experiment consisted of two methods of
fertilizer placements and seven fertilizer treatments conducted
for two successive years under field conditions. Results showed
that furrower method improved soil chemical properties and
subsequently increased maize grain yield and dry matter
production compared with disk + furrower method. The N and P
levels in soil increased with the application of NP fertilizers
and broiler litter. Soils amended with broiler litter and NP
fertilizers had greater maize grain yield and dry matter
production than the control. In conclusion, furrower placement
combined with the application of broiler litter and 20% of the
optimum chemical NP fertilizers were the most efficient nutrient
management practice for increasing maize performance in the
[Seyfollah Fallah, Amir Ghalavand and Fayez
The Combined Influence of Broiler Litter and Mineral NP
Fertilizers on Soil Chemical Properties, Maize Performance and
Nutrient Uptake in a Calcareous Soil.
2014;6(7):88-99]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).
Manure; maize; synthetic fertilizers; nitrogen; incorporation
method; calcareous soil
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