Report and Opinion
ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online),
6 - Issue 12, Cumulated 66, December 25, 2014
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The impact of the Islamic
Revolution of Iran on the formation of the Islamic Awakening
Political Science, Shahreza branch, Islamic Azad University,
Today the developments in the
Middle East, if it is on the one hand in order to the demands
and needs of their people but on the other hand is representing
the crystallization of greatness of February 22 and the Islamic
Revolution; They were followed from the Islamic Revolution as a
model, because it is based on religious doctrine, such as
democracy, social justice, independence, and freedom. The
Islamic Revolution can be regarded as a turning point not only
In the Muslim world of awakening and liberation, but also for
other nations awakening It should be noted that the influence of
the Islamic Revolution was different from the formation of all
Islamic movements and currents because of the differences in
intellectual, cultural and geographical affinities and etc.;
The Islamic Revolution could find its position among Muslims and
the emancipatory movements as a way of fighting,and have the
very positive and constructive influence in awakening the
Muslims. The spiritual and political influence of Islamic
Revolution in the Muslim world, the liberation movements and
Islamic movements, was concerned to the west and the main cause
of hostile of America to the Islamic Revolution is the impact of
this important event of the twentieth century in the Muslim
world; and severity of the anti-colonial movements and
anti-occupation in the Middle East from The day after of victory
of Islamic Revolution.
[Hemmatollah Shamoli salahchini.
The impact of the Islamic Revolution of Iran on the
formation of the Islamic Awakening.
Rep Opinion 2014;6(12):1-7].
Islamic Awakening, Middle East, the Islamic world, Islamic
Assessment of Somaclonal
Variation of Calli and Regenerated Plants of Three Cucumber (Cucumis
sativus L.) Cultivars Using Molecular Markers
Hany A. Marghany
and Emad A. Ewais*
Botany and Microbiology
Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City,
During indirect regeneration of
plants, chances of somaclonal variations may arise. These
variations should be identified to produce true to type plants.
Inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and sodium dodecyl sulphate
- poly acrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) were used to
assess the somaclonal variation among regenerated plantlets, an
embryogenic calli produced from leaf explants compared to in
vivo plants of three cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.)
cultivars (Waffir F1, Beith Alpha and Fares). Five ISSR
primers yielded 34 distinct and reproducible band patterns with
an average of 6.8 bands per primer. Jaccard's similarity
coefficients revealed presence of a relatively high genetic
similarity (75%) among regenerated plantlets and in vivo
plants of Beith Alpha cultivar compared to other cultivars.
However, relatively high genetic variability have been recorded
among calli and in vivo plants of Waffir F1 (62%) and
Fares (45%) cultivars. Protein profile derived by SDS-PAGE
analysis revealed that there are variation among in vivo
plants, calli and regenerated plantlets of three cucumber
cultivars. The molecular weights of detected bands for all
samples ranged from 23 to 107 KDa. A hundred percent (100 %)
similarity between in vivo plants of Waffir and Beith
Alpha cultivars as well as between their calli has been noted.
The regenerated plantlets of Beith Alpha showed a relatively
higher similarity of 78% with in vivo plants. Variations
in protein pattern were recorded between calli and regenerated
plantlets of Waffir (70%) and Beith Alpha (57%) cultivars from
one side and between calli and in vivo plants from
another side (67% in both cultivars). We think that leaf explant
culturing influenced by the cucumber cultivar genotype and some
genotypes are more susceptible to somaclonal variation, or that
the in vitro instability is actually a consequence of a genotype
versus culture medium interaction. Our results suggested that
rapid propagation of cucumber Beith Alpha cultivar via
leaf organogenesis is an acceptable method with a lower risk of
[Mamdouh D, Marghany HA and
Ewais EA. Assessment of Somaclonal Variation of Calli and
Regenerated Plants of Three Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.)
Cultivars Using Molecular Markers. Rep Opinion
L.; ISSR; regenerated plants; calli; SDS-PAGE.
Combined oral clomiphene
improves outcome of treatment of PCOS women: A comparative Study
versus oral clomiphene citrate with
Hesham Abou Ragab MD and Hany
Department of Obstetrics &
Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Egypt
Objectives: To evaluate the
ovulatory outcome of combined clomiphene citrate (CC)
hydrochloride (ACTOS) versus
metformin treatment in conjunction with weight reduction dieting
program. Patients & Methods: 80 polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
women diagnosed according to the Rotterdam criteria underwent
transvaginal ultrasonography (TVU), anthropometric measurements
and estimation of fasting blood glucose (FBG), plasma insulin (FPI)
and insulin resistance (IR) was measured by homeostasis model
assessment (HOMA) and hormonal profile. CC (50 mg twice daily)
was given on Days 2–6 of a menstrual cycle in combination with
(15 mg tablets once
daily) or metformin (0.5 gm tablets trice daily). Estimated
serum progesterone ≥25 nmol/l on Day 21 of the cycle indicates
ovulation. The frequency of women got follicles >16 mm was
considered as ovulation success rate. At the end of 3 months,
HOMA-IR score was re-evaluated. Results: At the end of 3-months
therapy, all women showed significant reduction of BMI and
HOMA-IR scores compared to pre-treatment scores with
non-significant difference between studied groups, but the
percentage of change of HMOA-IR score was significantly higher
with ACTOS compared to metformin. Ovulation was assured in 65
patients (81.3%); 36 patients (90%) received ACTOS and 29
patients (72.5%) received metformin with significant difference
in favor of ACOTS. ROC curve analysis to predict the oncoming
effect of insulin sensitizing drugs on ovulatory function
defined the pre-treatment HOMA-IR score as a significant
screening parameter. Conclusion, for PCOS women, combined CC and
ACTOS therapy in association with weight reduction provides the
best chance for getting regular ovulation with better biomilieu
and promises for higher chances for getting pregnant.
[Hesham Abou Ragab and Hany El-klaf.
Combined oral clomiphene citrate with
outcome of treatment of PCOS women: A comparative Study versus
oral clomiphene citrate with
PCOS, ACTOS, Metformin, Insulin resistance
Civil liability for damage caused by nuclear
radiation in Iran law and Jurisprudence
Roghiyeh Passban1, Dr. Mahshid
LLM from department of private Law, share Qods, Science and
research blank, Islamic Azad University, share Qods, Iran
Private Law, Electronic branch, Islamic Azad
University, Tehran, Iran, university, faculty of Law, Faculty
member of private
Abstract: It is
obvious that using Atomic Energy due to the limited fossil
reserves such as oil and gas for all countries, (both developed
and developing) is necessary and inevitable. This research will
study the effects of nuclear radiation on humans and the
environment around them in 1- Overview of Nuclear Research,
2-Islamic jurisprudence foundations of legal rights and
responsibilities of civil nuclear damages, 3- compensation of
damages for in civil liability law and Islamic jurisprudence, 4-
The effects and responsibilities for damages resulting from
radiation, 5-Iran Nuclear discipline and Conclusions and will
present legal suggestions.
[Roghiyeh Passban, Dr. Mahshid Sadat Tabaei. Civil
liability for damage caused by nuclear radiation in Iran law and
Jurisprudence. Rep Opinion 2014;6(12):27-40].
liability, radioactive material, Uranium, nuclear radiation,
and Mineral Analysis of
juice and a Popular blackcurrant fruit Juice commonly used by
Athletes in Nigeria
Department of Health Services, University of Port Harcourt,
P.M.B. 5323 Choba, East-West Road, Port Harcourt, 500102,
aim of the study was to evaluate the physico-chemical and
mineral contents of the commercially available
juice and a popular blackcurrant fruit juice used as supplements
on the performance of university athletes in Nigeria. The
popular blackcurrant fruit juice was used as a placebo drink in
a double-blind study because it has similar colour, flavor and
taste as the commercially available
Physico-chemical and mineral analysis of
and placebo juice were carried out using standard methods of
AOAC. These include Specific
Phosphate – Phosphorus, Total
Solid, and Total Dissolved Solid. The iron (Fe), zinc (Zn),
calcium (Ca), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), manganese (Mn) and
magnesium (Mg) were determined by Atomic Absorption
Spectrophotometer, sodium (Na) and potassium (K) by Flame
Photometer and phosphorus (P) by Spectrophotometer. The results
revealed that Morinda citrifolia juice contained iron
(3.42 ppm), Zinc (1.64 ppm), Calcium (11.40 ppm), Manganese
(0.733 ppm) and Magnesium (32.86 ppm), sodium (28.17 ppm),
Potassium (379.97 ppm), Nitrogen (0.047%), Sodium chloride
(0.09%), Sulphates (5.73%), Phosphates (0.002%) and total solids
(136.60 mg/l). It also revealed that the placebo drink contained
iron (2.59 ppm), Zinc (1.74 ppm), Calcium (8.80 ppm), Manganese
(0.740 ppm) and Magnesium (6.58 ppm), sodium (4.74 ppm),
Potassium (13.350 ppm), Nitrogen (0.021%), Sodium chloride
(0.12%), Sulphates (4.56%), Phosphates (0.002%) and total solids
(693.400 mg/l). The
result of the mineral
profile of Morinda citrifolia juice indicated that the
Morinda citrifolia juice contains vital minerals (potassium,
sodium, calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese, zinc and salt).
Mineral analysis showed that Morinda citrifolia juice had
higher mineral contents except for manganese, zinc and Na+
salt compared to the placebo juice. Physico-chemical analysis
showed that Morinda citrifolia juice had higher nitrogen
and sulphate contents compared to the placebo juice, while the
placebo juice has higher value for total solids compared to
Morinda citrifolia juice. However, both have the same
profile of Morinda citrifolia juice revealed that it
contains vital minerals (potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium,
iron, manganese, zinc and salt).
Physico-Chemical and Mineral Analysis
of a commercial Morinda citrifolia
juice and a Popular blackcurrant fruit Juice commonly used by
Athletes in Nigeria. Rep Opinion 2014;6(12):41-44].
Morinda citrifolia Juice, Placebo Juice.
Why Jesus Christ Came Into
(A New theory on “TIE
M. Arulmani, B.E.;
V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.
came into the world….
To Promote “violence”?...
To Promote “Racism and Castism”?...
To Promote his personality by doing “Wonders”?...
This scientific research focus
that “JESUS CHRIST” came into the world to translate
meaning of “TIE MINISTRY” rather than doing emotional
sermon. The philosophy of “TIE Ministry” shall mean…
the meaning of “EVERLASTING LIFE”
the meaning of “HUMAN VALUE”
meaning of “PEACE”
According to BIBLE there
were so many Commandments, Covenants were given to the ancient
human populations by “HEAVENLY FATHER” right from
“ADAM”, “EVE” to the period of “JOESPH” “MARY”
through various lineage of NOAH, ABRAHAM, JACOB MOSES, DAVID,
DANIEL, SOLOMON, ISAIAH, JEREMIAH etc.
Right dot is “LOVE”
Left dot is “MERCY”
Centre dot is “HOPE”
B.E.; V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.
Why Jesus Christ Came Into The
theory on “TIE
Philosophy of word “TIE”?...
Philosophy of word “MINISTRY”?...
Philosophy of word “JESUS”?...
A Study of Mental Health and
Academic Achievement of Kashmiri and Pakhtooni Higher Secondary
Students in District Ganderbal
M.Y Ganaie1, Hafiz
Associate Professor, Department of Education, University of
Ph.D Research Scholar, Dr. C.V Raman University, Chhattisgarh,
The present study was conducted
by the investigator to Study Mental Health and Academic
Achievement of Kashmiri and Pakhtooni Higher Secondary students
of District Ganderbal. For this purpose the samples were
selected on the basis of random sampling technique which
consisted of 120 higher secondary school students among which 60
Kashmiri (30 Male & 30 Female) and 60 Pakhtooni (30 Male & 30
Female). A standardized questionnaire developed by A.K Singh &
Alpana Sengupta was administrated for this purpose. The
variables included for the study includes Emotional Stability,
Overall Adjustment, Autonomy, Security- Insecurity, Security-
Insecurity, Self-Concept and Intelligence. Proper statistical
treatment was applied in order to obtain the results. The study
revealed that Kashmiri higher secondary boys are found to be
emotionally stable, secure and more intelligent than Pakhtooni
higher secondary boys whereas they are similar on overall
adjustment, autonomy and self-concept. It has also been found
that Pakhtooni girls have better overall adjustment than
Kashmiri higher secondary girls. Kashmiri higher secondary
students especially boys have better academic achievement than
Pakhtooni higher secondary students. Kashmiri higher secondary
have better academic achievement than Pakhtooni girls. However,
both the groups were found to be similar on mental health.
[M.Y Ganaie, Hafiz Mudasir. A Study of Mental Health and
Academic Achievement of Kashmiri and Pakhtooni Higher Secondary
Students in District Ganderbal. Rep Opinion
Mental health, Academic Achievement, Higher Secondary Students,
Effect of Cropping Systems and
Seasonal Variations on Soil Microbial Biomass and Enzymatic
Activities in Arid Soils
Muhammad Iqbal Lone1, Muhammad Bilal Khan1,
Shuaib Kaleem2, Khalid Saif Ullah Khan1
of Soil Science & Soil and Water Conservation, Pir Mehr Ali
Shah, Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi
Agricultural Adoptive Research Complex, Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab
This study aimed to investigate
the effects of different cropping systems and seasonal
variations on soil microbial biomass and enzymatic activities in
arid soils. For this purpose, soil samples were collected from
the soils under wheat (Triticum aestivum) – maize (Zea
mays. L) and wheat – mung bean (Vigna radiata)
cropping systems. The data showed that the soil microbial
biomass Carbon (MBC), Nitrogen (MBN), Phosphorous (MBP) and soil
enzymes such as dehydrogenase (DH) and alkaline phosphatase (AP)
activities varied in all seasons. Overall, summer showed more
soil MBC, MBN and MBP contents and relatively more DH and AP
activities as compared to the other seasons. The soil MBC
contents were higher under wheat-maize cropping system, while
the soil MBN and MBP contents were higher under wheat-mung bean
cropping systems in Kahuta areas. But the soil AP and DH
activities were more pronounced under wheat-maize and wheat-mung
bean cropping systems, respectively. We suggest that the
inclusion of leguminous crops in cropping system is more
suitable for arid areas, which tend to sustain soil fertility
and preserve soil microbial biomass.
[Rehmat Ullah, Muhammad Iqbal
Lone, Muhammad Bilal Khan, Shuaib Kaleem, Khalid Saif Ullah
Khan. Effect of Cropping Systems and Seasonal Variations on
Soil Microbial Biomass and Enzymatic Activities in Arid Soils.
Rep Opinion 2014;6(12):58-66].
systems; soil enzymes in arid environment; seasonal variations;
soil microbial C, N and P contents
Studies On Adsorbent Dosage,
Particle sizes and pH constraints on Biosorption of Pb(II) and
Cd(II) ions from Aqueous Solution using Modified and Unmodified
Crasstrotrea Gasar (bivalve) Biomass.
Charles . I. and 1S.A. Odoemelam
*Department of Pure and
industrial chemistry, University of Port Harcourt, PMB, 5323,
Port Harcourt, Rivers State. Nigeria.
of Chemistry, Michael Okpara University Of Agriculture, Umudike,
Biosorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II)
ions from aqueous solution did not improve by chemical
modification of Crasstrotrea Gasar biomass with oxalic acid and
ethanol. Unmodified Crasstrotrea Gasar biomass was proved to be
very effective adsorbent for the removal of Pb (II) and Cd(II)
ions from aqueous solution. As the particle sizes increases from
106-500μm, the percentage removed increases. The particle size
of 500μm showed the highest removal. Also the percentage metal
ions sorbed increases, as the dosage of the adsorbent increases
from 0.2g to 1.0g and further increase of the adsorbent did not
provide more increment in the percentage removal of the metal
ions. The present study was found to be highly pH dependent
process. The percentage removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions was at
maximal at pH 10. Since the Crasstrotrea Gasar biomass is cheap,
abundantly available and environment friendly, so it can be used
for metal ion removal from aqueous solution using a simple and
cost effective treatment procedure.
[Osu Charles . I. and S.A.
Odoemelam. Studies On Adsorbent Dosage, Particle sizes and pH
constraints on Biosorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from
Aqueous Solution using Modified and Unmodified Crasstrotrea
Gasar (bivalve) Biomass. Rep Opinion 2014;6(12):67-72].
Key words: Biosorption, heavy
metals, agricultural by-product
Distribution Of Organic
Compounds (PAHs and BTEX) And Heavy Metals (Pb, Zn, Fe, Cd) in
An Oil Impacted Soils, Rivers State Nigeria.
Osu Charles I. and 2
I. A. Okoro
1 Department of Pure and
industrial chemistry, University of Port Harcourt, PMB, 5323,
Port Harcourt, Rivers State. Nigeria.
Department of Chemistry, Michael
Okpara University Of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria
paper deals with the distributions of organic compounds (PAHs
and BTEX) and heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Fe, Cd) concentrations in
an oil impacted soils of Rivers State, Nigeria. The
concentrations of organic compounds ranged from 597.340 ± 0.02-
896.784 ± 0.011 Mg/Kg, total PAHs; 0.030 ± 0.006 – 0.057 ±
0.003 Mg/Kg, BTEX and heavy metals ranged from 2.700 ± 0.002 –
3.960 ± 0.006 Mg/Kg, Pb; 0.460 ± 0.003 – 0.730 ± 0.007 Mg/Kg,
Cd; 3.060 ± 0.003 – 3.92 ± 0.004 Mg/Kg, Zn and 92.040 ± 0.013
– 129.400 ± 0.031 Mg/Kg, Fe. Soil samples from Bonny had the
highest total PAHs concentration (773.213 ± 0.004 – 896.784 ±
0.011 Mg/Kg). The BTEX concentrations were of smaller values due
to the time of crude oil spillage. Total PAHs concentrations
increases as depth of the soil increases and distributions of
the heavy metals in the various depth has no regular pattern.
[Osu Charles . I. and I.A. Okoro.
Distribution Of Organic Compounds (PAHs and BTEX) And Heavy
Metals (Pb, Zn, Fe, Cd) in An Oil Impacted Soils, Rivers State
Nigeria. Rep Opinion 2014;6(12):73-78].
Oil spillage, PAHs, BTEX, Heavy metals and soils.
DOES MEAN “GOD”?.(A
New theory on “RELIGION”)
“RELIGION” is exclusive asset of “HUMAN”?...
“Animals” do not have “Religion”?...
“Plants” do not have “Religion”?...
“Planets” do not have “Religion”?...
This scientific research focus that “RELIGION” shall be
considered as the “LAW OF GOD” (or) “SUPERNATURE”.
In brief Religion shall alternative be considered as “SOUL”
emanating Billions of “RAYS” of “J-RADIATION”
(Zero hour radiation). Each ray considers composed of
Three-in-one fundamental particles photon, electron,
proton (Godly particles). The philosophy of super
mature and the law of God shall be expressed as below.
Right dot is like LOVE (Proton)
Left dot is like FAITH (Electron)
Center dot is like TRUST (Photon)
This research further aims to focus
the global understanding of religion which is responsible for
existence of matters of Universe.
[M.Arulmani, B.E., V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.
WHAT DOES MEAN “GOD”?
(A New theory on “RELIGION”)
Philosophy of “White Religion”?...
Philosophy of “Dark Religion”?...
Philosophy of “Blue Religion”?...
Philosophy of “Green Religion”?...
Philosophy of “Red Religion”?...
Developing a Conceptual Framework to
Assessment of E-Health Status
Shazma Tahseen1, Shah Muhammad Kamran2
Department of Information
Technology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences
Jamshoro Sindh Pakistan.
School of Economics, Huazhong
University of Science and Technology (HUST) Wuhan, P R China.
E-health is an
emerging field in the intersection of medical informatics,
public health and business, referring to health services and
information delivered or enhanced through the Internet and
related technologies. The
aim of the present study suggests some factors that are directly
influencing progress of e-health with factors were present in
some manner that can be used to evaluate and assess e-health
overall status in some specific organizations specifically in
case of developing country. Methods: This study describes
the components of the framework; this includes the conceptual
model on the implementation, activities and contextual factors
that may affect implementation, or the results it produces. Data
was collected and based on literature review and qualitative
approach like interviews, documents and participatory
observations with informal discussions. Survey questionnaire was
used to collect data from medical professionals and health care
providers besides these interviews were also conducted with
prominent administrative heads for expert opinion. Results
and conclusions: On the basis of this study the factors
which needs to considered and evaluated are accessible in
categorized form; assets these components are interlinked and
affecting other factors resulting effects on overall e-health in
general. This conceptual framework presents an evaluation
platform for e-health programs by addressing key elements that
are crucial for success of a program. A complete picture of an
organization can be drawn by applying this framework that
organization has proper policies, appropriate infrastructure,
human resource and funding before implementation of e-health
Tahseen, Shah Muhammad Kamran. Developing a Conceptual
Framework to Assessment of E-Health Status.
Rep Opinion 2014; 6(12):91-94].
E-Health systems, ICT, development, health policy,
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