Report and Opinion
ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online), doi:10.7537/j.issn.1553-9873, Monthly
7 - Issue 9, Cumulated 75, September 25, 2015
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Study of Sugar
Cane Wax Inhibitor on Concrete Reinforcement Corrosion in 3.5%
A. B. Fajobi,
2S. O. Akinlolu1
and O. O. Ige3
of Civil Engineering, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife,
of Civil Engineering, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti,
of Materials Science and Engineering, Obafemi Awolowo
University, Ile-Ife, NIGERIA
explored the effect of sugar cane wax on rebar corrosion in
chloride contaminated solution with a view to determining its
impact on the compressive strength of the inhibited reinforced
concrete. The medium carbon steel (8 mm diameter and 100 mm
length) was embedded in a concrete with mix ratio 1:2:4 and
water:cement of 0.65. 42 concrete cubes were cured for 21 and 28
days, whereby some samples were subjected to 3.5% NaCl solution
with and without inhibitor; the inhibitor concentration varied
between 1 – 5%. Compressive strength test was used to examine
the mechanical behavior and the corrosion measurements were
evaluated using weight loss and potentiostatic polarization
techniques. The compressive strength test revealed a reduction
in the concrete strength as the inhibitor concentration
increases. The optimum inhibitor efficiency was recorded at 5%
for both potentiostatic polarization and weight loss method. The
experimental data were best fitted with Langmuir adsorption
isotherm which indicated chemisorption of the inhibitor
monolayer on the steel surface. In conclusion, sugarcane wax was
found to protect the reinforcing bars effectively despite the
high deterioration of the compressive strength of the rebar.
[A. B. Fajobi, S. O. Akinlolu and O. O. Ige.
Study of Sugar Cane Wax Inhibitor on Concrete
Reinforcement Corrosion in 3.5% NaCl Solution.
Rep Opinion 2015;7(9):1-8].
Corrosion inhibition, sugarcane wax, medium carbon steel,
gravimetry, potentiostat, compressive strength.
Perioperative Precautions and
Management of Sickle
Anaemia: A Literature
Dr. Al-Awa Alexandre 1,
Dr. Elficki Yahya
Sina University, Jeddah KSA
UK. Consultant Internal Medicine. King Abdul Aziz Hospital and
Oncology Center, Jeddah KSA
Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) primarily affects people with African,
Mediterranean, South American, Middle Eastern, and Indian
ancestry. Persons with sickle cell anaemia are more likely to
undergo surgery than are the general population during their
lifetime. As surgery exposes patients to many of the factors
that are known to precipitate red blood cell sickling, persons
with SCD undergoing surgery require specific clinical care to
prevent perioperative sickle cell related complications.
In the first
part of this literature review, clinical features and
complications found in patients with Sickle cell Disease are
discussed. Secondly, the therapeutic approaches used with this
population are reminded and finally the diagnostic techniques
and main precautions to be taken in the perioperative period are
discussed. This review
aims at providing information about the role of surgery in
sickle cell anaemia and guidelines on the most important
measures that should be taken to ensure such patients are well
cared for in the perioperative period in order to reduce the
occurrence of complications. Based on the current literature,
adapted hydration, extensive oxygenation, avoiding temperature
extremes, aggressive analgesia and adequate blood transfusions
remain the major guidelines for the well-being of these
vulnerable patients.There are however controversies regarding
the types of blood transfusions, either simple or aggressive,
and the best anaesthesia, either regional or general, that
present the best outcomes and advantages for the patients.
[Al-awa A, Elficki Y. Perioperative Precautions and
Management of Sickle Cell
Anaemia: A Literature Review. Rep Opinion
sickle cell anaemia, sickle cell disease, drepanocytosis,
A Study of Emotional Intelligence
and Academic Achievements of Science and Social Science Higher
Secondary Students of District Kulgam
Dr. M.Y. Ganaie1, Hafiz Mudasir 2,
Jahangir Aziz 3
Associate Professor, Deptt. Of Education, Kashmir University
Research Scholar, Deptt. Of Education, Dr. C.V Raman University,
M.Ed Student, School of Education, IGNOU.
The present study was
conducted to study the Emotional Intelligence and Academic
Achievements of Science and Social Science Higher Secondary
Students of District Kulgam. In the present investigation it is
found that the students studying in different Higher Secondary
schools of District Kulgam following different systems of
education in different streams like science and social science
(Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Economics, Political Science
and Sociology) are found to differ significantly with respect to
emotional intelligence and academic achievement. The science
students are significantly better in their emotional
intelligence and academic achievements when compared to their
counterpart social science students. The sociology students are
significantly lower in emotional intelligence and academic
achievements when compared to the students offering subjects
like Political Science and Economics of hr. secondary schools of
district Kulgam. The students of Economics subject are differing
significantly when compared to the Political science students.
The scores in academic achievements in the subject of Physics
are lower than the students of Chemistry and Biology subjects of
higher secondary schools of District Kulgam.
[M.Y. Ganaie, Hafiz Mudasir, Jahangir Aziz . A Study of
Emotional Intelligence and Academic Achievements of Science and
Social Science Higher Secondary Students of District Kulgam.
Rep Opinion 2015;7(9):18-23].
Emotional Intelligence, Academic Achievement, Higher Secondary
M. Arulmani, B.E.;
V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.
In the present day living world
“CAR” is considered as “Status symbol” of human
society. It also determines the state of official capacity like
car of King, car of President, car of Prime Minister of
[M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha,
M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil. CAR
CAR”). Rep Opinion
world; CAR; Status symbol;
Minister; global nations.
“J & K”
M. Arulmani, B.E.;
V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.
What does mean “J”?... What does
mean “K”?... “J” and “K” are enemies to each other?... The Land
of “JAMMU” and “KASHMIR” is normally called in short as “J & K”.
[M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha,
M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil. “J & K” (RAMANUJAM NADU.
Rep Opinion 2015;7(9):30-34].
Land; JAMMU; KASHMIR
Comparing the self-control
and behavioral problems of girls in employed and unemployed
Corresponding author: Department
of psychology, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch.
This research aims to compare
styles of self-control and behavioral problems of girls in
employed and unemployed mothers. In this research that was done
using casual-comparison method (after events) 100 employed
mothers and 100 unemployed ones of girls of elementary schools
in district 4 of Tehran were selected as the sample based on
cluster-random method. Self-control questionnaire
(Allahverdipour et al., 2005) and children’s behavioral problem
questionnaire (parental form, 1994) were used for information
collection that was previously normalized in studies conducted
in Iran and its validity has been confirmed. In this research,
reliability of the questionnaire was assessed through Cronbach
alpha and was confirmed with a high reliability of 0.80. The
t-test was used to test the hypotheses. The results showed that
the average of self-control in employed mothers is significantly
more than that in unemployed mothers. Also, the results showed
that there is a statistically significant difference between
girls of employed and unemployed women in hyperactivity and
aggression, anxiety and depression, disorder, and lack of
attention. This research confirms that employment of women
results in enhancement of behavioral disorder among children. It
is suggested that policy makers and planners in the country must
pay attention to this point.
Comparing the self-control and
behavioral problems of girls in employed and unemployed mothers.
self control Behavioral disorders, Mothers, Employment
Neural Networks for Gesture Recognition
Electrical Department, Ghuchan
University of advance technology
Using orientation histograms a
simple and fast algorithm will be developed to work on a
workstation. It will recognize static hand gestures, namely, a
subset of American Sign Language (ASL). Previous systems have
used datagloves or markers for input in the system. A pattern
recognition system will be using a transform that converts an
image into a feature vector, which will then be compared with
the feature vectors of a training set of gestures. The final
system will be implemented with a Perceptron network.
[Mohammad Kamali Moghaddam. Application of Neural Networks
for Gesture Recognition. Rep
Neural Networks for Gesture
Aqueous Extract of Solanum melongena Fruits (Garden Eggs)
on Some Male Reproductive Variables in Adult Wistar Rats
Jamil, 3M.A. Mabrouk, 2A.W. Alhassan,
Department of Physiology, College of Medicine and Allied Health
Professions, Federal University, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria.
Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ahmadu
Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Bayero
University, Kano, Nigeria.
The effects of administration of aqueous extract of
solanum melongena on some reproductive variables of male
wistar rats were
exploited in this work. 20 rats were randomized into four groups
(Group A, B, C and D) of 5 rats each. Group A serve as the
control and was administered 0.9% normal saline, group B, C and
D serve as the extract group receiving 200mg/kg, 400mg/kg and
800mg/kg of the extract respectively. The extract was save with
LD50 >5000mg/Kg. Sperm counts and motility were quantified;
epididymal and general body weights were measured using a
weighing balance. The histological studies of the testes and the
anterior pituitary were also done. Results of the experiment
revealed an increase in the sperm count and sperm percentage
motility. There was decrease in body weight gain and epididymal
weight across the groups receiving the extract, though not
significant. This experiment thus revealed that aqueous extract
melongena possesses profertility properties which may be
beneficial to those who consume it.
[D.U. Jamil, M.A. Mabrouk, A.W. Alhassan, R.A. Magaji. Effect
of Aqueous Extract of Solanum melongena Fruits (Garden
Eggs) on Some Male Reproductive Variables in Adult Wistar Rats.
Rep Opinion 2015;7(9):55-61].
Garden egg fruits (Solanum melongena), Sperm
count, Sperm motility, Histology, Testes and pituitary.
Belay1, Bogale Tefferie2
University, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource,
Department of Natural Resource Management, 2Dilla
University School of Social Science and Humanities Assistant
Professor for Geography and Environmental Study
This study was conducted to quantify the socio economic and
institutional factors that affect traditional small scale
irrigation activity along chemoga river, gozamin woreda,
The objective of the study was to appraise socio economic,
agricultural extension service
small scale irrigation activity along the river.
Data were gathered through household
interview, group discussion, field observation, key informant
and expert interview. In
addition, different secondary data were also used for the study.
Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used for data
analysis. Qualitative data is analyzed by using comparative
Quantitative data were analyzed by SPSS V 16. Through frequency,
mean, standard deviation, Chi-Square and
T-test. socio economically lack of farm land, lack of training ,
lack of access to irrigation water because of
are some of
the factors. Institutionally there are
no formal water users’ associations, lack of institutional
support, are some of the constraints. In addition, less
involvement of stakeholders in agricultural extension service,
training and evaluation of irrigation works for irrigation
beneficiary Kebeles has contributed for the low performance of
[Mengist Belay, Bogale Tefferie.
The Socio Economic and Institutional Factors That Affect
Traditional Small Scale Irrigation Activity along Chemoga River,
Gozamin Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia.
Rep Opinion 2015;7(9):62-73].
Agricultural extension service, Land holding, Institution, Socio
economic, Traditional irrigation schemes, Water conflicts.
presential knowledge and intuitive
Abstract: This paper aimed to find a
it can be effective
in explaining the
preliminary described, including
the relationship of
has been defined.
Epistemology of the
most difficult topics
(intuitive knowledge) has
its own complexity. What
to answer the question
In fact, it is
written, followed by
a brief review of
issues related to
and compare it with the
make clear what
between these two concepts.
The relationship between presential knowledge
knowledge. Rep Opinion 2015;7(9):83-87].
Presential knowledge, intuitive
wisdom and philosophy
Biodiversity Conservation For Effective Agricultural Activities
In Etche Local Government Area Of River State. Nigeria: A Review
U. S and 2Ali Uchechukwu
Ignatius Ajuru University of Education Port Harcourt- River
College of Education (Technical) Omoku. River State.
A review of the meaning and efforts made for biodiversity
conservation globally was made. Biodiversity conservation
challenges for agricultural activities in Etche Local Government
Area of Rivers state were x-rayed. Such challenge includes human
population, rapid infrastructural development, deforestation,
poaching, illegal grazing, coupled with poverty and
indiscriminate bush burning. Based on these factors,
recommendations were made.
[Offor. U. S and Ali Uchechukwu. Challenges Of Biodiversity
Conservation For Effective Agricultural Activities In Etche
Local Government Area Of River State. Nigeria: A Review.
Rep Opinion 2015;7(9):88-92].
Biodiversity, conservation, challenges, agricultural activities.
Etche Local Government Area
Analysis Of Incidences Of Hazards Among Rubber Budders: An
Implication To Revenue Generation In Rrin
Y. Umar; P.O. Anegbeh; M., Toyila and
D. O. Ehiwe
Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, PMB 1049, Benin City, Edo
Budding is the technological processes of merging scions and
buds of plants, usually of different genetically make up but of
the same species with the aim to achieve specific target(s);
such as high yield, diseases resistance and other desirable
qualities. In Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria (RRIN),
Knuth. Mull, Hevea brasiliensis
is used to bud the local species of rubber by specialist called
rubber budders. Data on budding activities between 2002 and 2015
were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The
study revealed total of 696,251 quantity of budded stumps was
produced and N13, 754,554.50 was realized as revenue. The paper
examined the factors of hazards that the budders were exposed to
which could have affected the performance of the budders during
the cause of budding. The study revealed that 86.36% of the
respondents were hazardously affected by sharp objects, ants
bit, honey bee attack, snake bit and road accident. Also, only
31.54% of the victims’ hospital bill was paid by RRIN
Management. Majority (45.45%) of the victims used native
medicine to treat themselves. The paper recommends that in order
to improve on the quantity of budded stumps production and
revenue generation, RRIN Management should take care of the
welfare of the budders including medical services.
[Haliru, Y. Umar; P.O. Anegbeh; M., Toyila and D. O. Ehiwe.
Analysis Of Incidences Of Hazards Among Rubber Budders: An
Implication To Revenue Generation In Rrin.
Rep Opinion 2015;7(9):93-96].
budding, hazards, rubber, RRIN
The manuscripts in this issue
were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from
August 28, 2015.
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