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Science Journal

 

Report and Opinion

(Rep Opinion)

ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online), doi prefix: 10.7537, Monthly

Volume 8 - Issue 2, Cumulated 80, February 25, 2016

Cover (pdf), Cover (jpg), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers

 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Identification of medicinal plants based on modern and indigenous knowledge (Case study: Ghasem Abad rangeland, west of Isfahan province, Iran)

 

Habib Yazdanshenas1*, Seyed Alireza Mousavi2, Ali Tavili 1, Elham Shafeian 1

 

1. Department of Arid & Mountainous Regions Reclamation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran

2. Department of Natural Resources, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran

habib_yazdan@ut.ac.ir

 

Abstract: The rural communities depend heavily on plant diversity for the fulfillment of their basic needs and conservation of other natural resources. They collect useful plant resources from various habitats and utilize them using indigenous knowledge and practices. Using medicinal plants has been considered by local people for a long time in different regions. Today, unfortunately, many of modern societies and even local communities do not have adequate knowledge about medicinal plants as well. Therefore, this study was designed to probe scientific identification and investigate culture of medicinal plants consumption based on scientific references, and indigenous knowledge in Ghasem Abad rangeland, situated in the west of Isfahan province. For this purpose, all plant species were investigated based on scientific references and medicinal plants were identified during 2008-09. Also indigenous knowledge of local people about medicinal plants’ utilization was recorded by asking and observation way (in questionnaire). The results indicated that, more than 70% of total plants in this region belong to medicinal plants. Although, the local people recognize these kinds of plants; but they just consume only 35% of them. There are various medicinal plants in this area, and these medicinal plants belong to different families and life forms. Hemicryptophytes life forms cover more than 40% of total medicinal plants in this region. Moreover, the most consumption of medicinal plants among the local people belongs to Asteraceae, Papilionaceae, and Apiaceae with 21, 15 and 12 percent, respectively. Thus, combining the scientific and indigenous methods of identification and utilization of medicinal plants, not only could be effective on plants’ health and preserve the indigenous knowledge, but also local economy will be improved and enhanced.

[Yazdanshenas H, Mousav SA, Tavili A , Shafeian E . Identification of medicinal plants based on modern and indigenous knowledge (Case study: Ghasem Abad rangeland, west of Isfahan province, Iran). Rep Opinion 2016;8(2):1-8]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 1.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.01

 

Keywords: Medicinal plants, Indigenous knowledge, Life form, Traditional uses

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1

2

Storing and Retrieving Images by Relational Data Bases vs Key-Value store

 

Ehsan Azizi Khadem1, Emad Fereshteh Nezhad2

 

1. MSc of Computer Engineering, Department of Computer Engineering, Lorestan University, Iran

2. MSc of Computer Engineering, Communications Regulatory Authority of I.R of Iran

emad_fereshtehnejad@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Today, we implement very huge collections of data that should be stored in several storage devices. These data collections consist of various types have different behavior. For this requirement, we use database systems. Now, there are two main approaches for design database those are used more than others: Relational and NoSQL. Relational databases are used for many years as main design pattern for data storage. But in 21th century, some concepts like Web2 make problems for this approach. Increasing size and amount of data based on user defined information and social networks with tremendous huge data sets lead database designers to NoSQL. NoSQL databases handle horizontal scaling and support dynamic change of values. It is schemaless and allow designers to construct various structures according to data objects. One of the challenges in data storage is storing and retrieving images. In relational databases, we can only save name of image in table and must store image file in separate folder out of our database on storage device and then retrieve it by matching name in table and name of file in folder. In Key-Value store systems like Redis that is one of methods of NoSQL, we can store file in database and retrieve it from. In this paper, we compare these two approaches by attending to memory and time consuming of each methods and analyze the results for present a suitable algorithm to storing and retrieving an image in a database. We use Python programming for interact with database systems.

[Ehsan Azizi Khadem, Emad Fereshteh Nezhad. Storing and Retrieving Images by Relational Data Bases vs Key-Value store. Rep Opinion 2016;8(2):9-16]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 2.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.02

 

Keywords: Relational Data Bases, Key-Value Store, Storing and Retrieving Image

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2

3

Investigation the Effect of Health Promoting Schools Plan on Health Indexes of High School Students in Amol City: Case Study: Drug Abuse Control and prevention of AIDS

 

Fereshteh Fani1, Seyed Jamaledin Tabibi2, Mahmood Reza Gohari3

 

1. M.Sc., Department of Health Services Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran.

2.  Professor, Department of Health Services Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran.

3. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics

fani.fereshteh@gmail.com

Abstract: Any action in order to ensure physical, psychological and social behaviour students of the primary tasks of the Ministry of Education, which the Ministry of Health and Medical Education seems to be included in this responsibility. The purpose of this study, the effect of health promoting schools (HPS) on health indicators Amol City high school students in the academic year 2010-2011. Data gathered by the Ministry of Health questionnaire modified from the questionnaire on risk behaviors in high school students. Data on drug use and AIDS prevention project in high schools HPS students with non-host responses project using SPSS software and Mann Whitney Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was analyzed. Average consumption of drugs in the girls' high schools project HPS (1.02 and P<0.05) than the average consumption in the non-project schools HPS was lower (1.10). Measurement of other components in the high school girls and boys Project with non-project (α = 0.05 and P<0.05) showed no significant difference.

[Fereshteh Fani, Seyed Jamaledin Tabibi, Mahmood Reza Gohari. Investigation the Effect of Health Promoting Schools Plan on Health Indexes of High School Students in Amol City: Case Study: Drug Abuse Control and prevention of AIDS. Rep Opinion 2016;8(2):17-23]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 3.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.03

 

Keywords: Health Promoting Schools, Health Indicators, Drug Abuse and AIDS, Amol City AIDS

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3

4

Investigate the role of dust in road accidents in Yazd city

 

Ali Reza Dehghanpoor1, Leyla Mirfakharadini (corresponding author)2, Morteza Falahpoor3

 

1Faculty of  Climatology department , Payame Noor University, Mehriz, Yazd, Iran.

2department of Climatology, Payame Noor University, Mehriz, Yazd, Iran.

3Faculty of  Climatology department , Payame Noor University, Mehriz, Yazd, Iran.

 

Abstract: This research is done for investigation about the role of dust on road crash for Yazd province in the year of 2015. This research is quantitative and description which is done as documentary or description-analytic research. Statistical society of this research is total of documents and statistics about road car crashes on different pivots of Yazd province. In this research statistic of road crashes of Yazd province as the result of dust, concern about years of 2010 to 2014 are considered as statistic sample. Needed information are obtained from files and statistics which presented by meteorology organization, Police Department and toll-house bureau of the province. For analyzing data is used from inference statistic indexes like Ki2 test, Fridman statistic, Pierson correlation coefficient and regression. The results showed that increasing in frequency of dust phenomenon is caused of increasing in total car crashes in Yazd province (correlation coefficient of 0.75). In the under study time period, 55.6 percent of cause of crashes is dust phenomenon and 44.4 percent of causes are the other circumstances.

[Ali Reza Dehghanpoor, Leyla Mirfakharadini, Morteza Falahpoor. Investigate the role of dust in road accidents in Yazd city. Rep Opinion 2016;8(2):24-30]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 4.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.04

 

Key words: climate factors, dust role, road crashes and Yazd province, circumstances

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4

5

The effect of the use of information technology in urban management systems (Yazd)

 

Abbas Navabpoor (corresponding author)

 

Yazd branch, Islamic Azad university, Yazd, Iran.

Commercial director, Company of Pishgaman Kavir Asia ,Yazd, Iran.

 

Abstract: Today, with more complex urban issues, there are numerous ways to solve problems. One of the most common methods around the world, resulting in significant developments in information technology and communications, Where quality and way of life, such as social change and economic development, is significantly dependent on information and its utilization. Based on the findings of a survey among organizations and citizens of the city of Yazd is provided. To collect information on library, documentation and field (questionnaire) and SPSS20 software to analyze the data used finally, these results obtained from the use of IT facilities for urban current affairs is low. Centers, facilities and web sites of IT services provider in the city of Yazd in providing electronic services to citizens has been quite satisfactory. A bout the index of E-citizen and acceptance of it, people are more willing to use the technology. And finally, the access to information and communication technology, although high among managers, but most citizens do his work by calling. The study suggests that because of structural weaknesses and lack of expertise in the use of this technology, managers tend to do things the traditional method that requires training in this field.

[Abbas Navabpoor. The effect of the use of information technology in urban management systems (Yazd). Rep Opinion 2016;8(2):31-35]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 5.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.05

 

Keywords: E-citizen, information and communication technology, urban planning, urban management

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5

6

Survey of Mycoflora Associated with Dried Bonga Fish (Ethmalosa frimbriata) During Storage

 

Oyedeji, Funmilayo Nike

 

Department of Biology, Federal Capital Territory College of Education, P.M.B. 61, Abuja, Nigeria

Email: deleijigbade@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The total number of isolated fungi from the fish stored in various storage medium at different temperature shows that the freezer recorded the least; this may be due to the fact that most of the isolates could not survive mesophilic temperature while ambient temperature and refrigeration have equal number of isolates. The survey of mycoflora on dried Bonga fish stored at refrigeration temperature (4 2 0C) shows that the frequencies of occurrence of the fungal isolates were in the order of Aspergillus flavus 4 (30.78 %) > Rhizopus oryzae 3 (23.08 %) > Aspergillus niger 2 (15.38 %) > Penicillium chrysogenum 2 (15.38 %) respectively, while Aspergillus terrus and Microsporum sp have equal frequencies of occurrence of 1(7.69 %) each being the least while at ambient temperature the frequencies of occurrence of the fungal isolates were in the order of Aspergillus flavus 6 (30 %) > Rhizopus oryzae 5(25 %) > Aspergillus niger 4 (20) > Penicillium chrysogenum 3 (15 %) respectively, while Aspergillus terrus and Microsporum sp have equal frequencies of occurrence of 1(5 %) each being the least. Storage made at freezer temperature (-2 2 0C) has a reduction in the number of isolated fungi. Only four mycoflora were isolated with. The frequencies of occurrence of the fungal isolates were in the order of Aspergillus flavus 4 (40%) > Aspergillus niger 3 (30 %) > Rhizopus oryzae 2 (20 %) > Penicillium chrysogenum 1 (10 %) respectively The moisture contents decrease with increase in the storage temperature. Freezer (-2 2 0C) has the moisture content of 4.6 %, followed by refrigeration (4 2 0C) with the moisture content of 2.4 % and the least moisture content of 1.6 % was recorded at ambient temperature (25 2 0C) while the pH of the Bonga fish during the storage conditions was slight acidic. Isolated fungi were statistically analyzed and the test applied was F-test statistic at p= 0.05 level of significant. Preservation could probably be better if the fish product is kept in a hostile environment such as the show glass equipped with heating element or in a regulated oven so as to reduce drastically the moisture content of the fish which is the basic requirement for microbial growth and hence, inhibit the growth of the microorganisms causing fish spoilage.

[Oyedeji, Funmilayo Nike. Survey of Mycoflora Associated with Dried Bonga Fish (Ethmalosa frimbriata) During Storage. Rep Opinion 2016;8(2):36-41]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 6.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.06

 

Key words: Fish, Storage, Temperature

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6

7

The New Prime theorems241-290

 

Chun-Xuan Jiang

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com

 

Abstract: Using Jiang function  we prove that the new prime theorems (241)-290) contain infinitely many prime solutions and no prime solutions.

[Chun-Xuan Jiang. The New Prime theorems241-290. Rep Opinion 2016;8(2):42-87]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 7.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.07

 

Keyword: Prime; theorem; function

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7

8

A similar unifying analysis and modeling of the various schools of the Vedic philosophy and Tony Nader the present leader of Transcendental meditation

 

Bhaktivijnana Muni, PhD

 

bvm@scsiscs.org

Online_Sadhu_Sanga@googlegroups.com

 

Abstract: I am very impressed by the work you have done and I think it is a step in the right direction. But it will take me some time to read it properly. Maharishis Mahesh Yogi has attempted a similar unifying analysis and modeling of the various schools of the Vedic philosophy and Tony Nader the present leader of Transcendental meditation. How do we exchange about these kinds of knowledge in a way that will improve the quality of these works. Nobody can be precise and consistent all the way through such huge amounts of very different kinds of knowledge. We need conferences and journals to discuss and improve on these huge transdisciplinary knowledge systems and finds way to make East and West meet.

[Bhaktivijnana Muni. A similar unifying analysis and modeling of the various schools of the Vedic philosophy and Tony Nader the present leader of Transcendental meditation. Rep Opinion 2016;8(2):88-95]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 8.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.08

 

Keywords: Maharishis Mahesh Yogi; modeling; Vedic philosophy; transdisciplinary; knowledge; system

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8

9

New prime k-tuple theorem7

 

Chun-Xuan Jiang

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com, jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: Using Jiang function we prove for any  there are infinitely many primes  such that each of  is a prime.

[Chun-Xuan Jiang. New prime k-tuple theorem7. Rep Opinion 2016;8(2):96-97]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 9.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.09

 

Keywords: new; prime; function; number

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10

New prime k-tuple theorem8

 

Chun-Xuan Jiang

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com, jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: Using Jiang function we prove that  contain no prime solutions.

[Chun-Xuan Jiang. New prime k-tuple theorem8. Rep Opinion 2016;8(2):98-99]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 10.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.10

 

Keywords: new; prime; function; number

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10

11

New prime k-tuple theorem9

 

Chun-Xuan Jiang

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com, jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: Using Jiang function we prove that  contain no prime solutions.

[Chun-Xuan Jiang. New prime k-tuple theorem9. Rep Opinion 2016;8(2):100-101]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 11.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.11

 

Keywords: new; prime; function; number

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11

The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from February 11, 2016

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doi:

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.01

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.02

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.03

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.04

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.05

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.06

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.07

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.08

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.09

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.10

doi:10.7537/marsroj080216.11

 

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