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Science Journal

 

Report and Opinion

(Rep Opinion)

ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online), doi prefix:10.7537, Monthly

Volume 8 - Issue 3, Cumulated 81, March 25, 2016

Cover Page (pdf), Cover (jpg), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers

 

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CONTENTS

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

The relationship between climatic factors of dust than other climatic factors in road accidents

 

Ali Reza Dehghanpoor1, Leyla Mirfakharadini2 (corresponding author), Morteza Falahpoor3

 

1Faculty of Climatology department , Payame Noor University, Mehriz, Yazd, Iran.

2department of Climatology, Payame Noor University, Mehriz, Yazd, Iran.

3Faculty of Climatology department , Payame Noor University, Mehriz, Yazd, Iran.

 

Abstract: This research is done for investigation about the role of dust on road crash for Yazd province in the year of 2015. This research is quantitative and description which is done as documentary or description-analytic research. Statistical society of this research is total of documents and statistics about road car crashes on different pivots of Yazd province. In this research statistic of road crashes of Yazd province as the result of dust, concern about years of 2010 to 2014 are considered as statistic sample. Needed information are obtained from files and statistics which presented by meteorology organization, Police Department and toll-house bureau of the province. For analyzing data is used from inference statistic indexes like Ki2 test, Fridman statistic, Pierson correlation coefficient and regression. Also results showed that the most car crashes which happened by dust is in spring season and after that is happen in winter. So climate factor of dust has significant role in road car crashes and also it has more effective toward the other factors. This phenomenon is with increasing number of cars in ways of the province and also is with increasing traveling between towns.

[Ali Reza Dehghanpoor, Leyla Mirfakharadini, Morteza Falahpoor. The relationship between climatic factors of dust than other climatic factors in road accidents. Rep Opinion 2016;8(3):1-8]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 1.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.01

 

Key words: meteorology organization, dust role, road crashes and Yazd province.

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1

2

Structure and conduct of natural rubber lump marketing in South- South, Nigeria

 

N.B. Agbonkpolor1, G.O. Alufohai2 and H. Y. Umar1

 

1 Research Outreach Department, Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, P. M. B 1049, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

2Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Services, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

Corresponding Author 1: haliru.umar@gmail.com

 

Abstract The study was carried out with three purposes. The first objective included the socio-economic characteristics of rubber lump marketers, the second described the marketing channel; and the third analysed the structure and conduct of the rubber lump market. Multi-stage sampling technique was adopted for the study. 120 Rubber lump marketers were selected and structured questionnaires administered to them. Descriptive statistics, Gini coefficient model and Concentration ratio analysis were used for analyzing the objectives. Most of the Rubber marketers interviewed were males in their active age. Ten (10) marketing channels were identified. There were no barriers to entry and exit in and out of the markets. The value of the Gini coefficient (0.737) and a concentration ratio (C.R) of 8.07%, indicates some level of inequality suggesting the presence of market concentration among the respondents The results indicate that the market was characterized with many buyers and sellers reflecting a pure competitive structure, prices were determined mainly by factors such as the international (world market) price and the purchase price, supply and demand forces and cost of transportation. Market associations existed among the marketers but only 45% belonged to such associations. About 25 % of the marketers had insurance policy. No advertisement, no research and development among marketers to create differentiated products to enhance profit. Based on the findings, it is therefore recommended that marketers should form cooperatives for easy access to loan so as to boost their financial base.

[N.B. Agbonkpolor, G.O. Alufohai and H. Y. Umar. Structure and conduct of natural rubber lump marketing in South- South, Nigeria. Rep Opinion 2016;8(3):9-14]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 2.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.02

 

Keywords: Natural rubber lump, structure, conduct, marketing, marketers.

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2

3

Information And Communication Service Delivery In The Library As Determinant Factors For Effective Research Among Postgraduate Students: A Case Study Of Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti

 

Femi L. Ibikunle, 1 Ayodele O. Akinola 2

 

1. National Institute for Freshwater Fisheries Research Library, New Bussa, Niger State.

2. Ondo State University of Science and Technology, Okitipupa

Ibikunlelawrence159129@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The paper titled “Information and communication service delivery as determinant factors for effective research among postgraduate students. The major aim of any university library is to support teaching, learning and research activities of its parent institution. University libraries must therefore, make sure that their resources are well utilized as this is essential for the educational development of the students. Library is an important intellectual resource of the academic community, and helps them to fulfil the curriculum requirements and to promote studies and research. The library, however, includes the totality of human and organized materials resources available in both book and non-book format for providing and obtaining needed information.

[Femi L. Ibikunle, Ayodele O. Akinola. Information And Communication Service Delivery In The Library As Determinant Factors For Effective Research Among Postgraduate Students: A Case Study Of Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti. Rep Opinion 2016;8(3):15-22]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 3.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.03

 

Keywords: Information Service delivery, Communication of information, Library materials, Postgraduate students

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3

4

Checklist of Rotifer Community from Wular lake of Kashmir Himalaya

 

Javaid Ahmad Shah*1, Ashok K. Pandit and G. Mustafa Shah2

 

1Centre of Research for Development (CORD), University of Kashmir, Srinagar-190006, J & K, India.

2Department of Zoology, University of Kashmir, Srinagar 190006, J&K, India

Corresponding author: *javaidshah31@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The present study scrutinizes the wheel animalcule community of the Wular lake in Kashmir Himalaya. Till date no published literature is available on the rotifer community of the largest freshwater lake of Indian subcontinent. Sampling was carried out during two years of study (Sep.2012- Aug.2014). Twenty six taxa of rotifers were recorded from the nine study sites belonging to by eleven families. Among the recorded families, Brachionidae was the dominant, followed by Lecanidae and Lepadellidae. Among the family Lecanidae majority of the species co- exists with each other suggesting that these species share same niche levels in a given ecosystem. Wheel animalcules had peak abundance in summer when there was high temperature and abundant growth of macrophytes. Bray- Curtis dendrogram showed close resemblance between sites I, II and VI. However, the site III, V and IX showed dissimilar nature as far as distribution of the species is concerned. Brachionus: Trichocerca ratio reflects that waterbody under investigation is racing towards eutrophication.

[Javaid Ahmad Shah, Ashok K. Pandit and G. Mustafa Shah. Checklist of Rotifer Community from Wular lake of Kashmir Himalaya. Rep Opinion 2016;8(3):23-33]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 4. doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.04.

 

Key words: Taxonomic survey; Rotifera; eutrophication; Kashmir Himalaya

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4

5

The relationship between Discretionary and Non-Discretionary Accruals and information efficiency in Tehran Stock Exchange

 

Mehdi Talebghasabi, Leila Lak, Fatemeh Lak

 

Department of Accounting, Andimeshk Branch, Islamic Azad University, Andimeshk, Iran

Department of Accounting, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

Department of Accounting, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

lak1365@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This research studies Discretionary and Non-Discretionary Accruals and information efficiency of the Tehran Stock Exchange. market efficiency to the particular set of data, the provided method by Mishkin is used. The sample in this study includes all listed companies on Tehran Stock Exchange from 2003 until the end of 2013. econometric models are estimated using data - collected and Stata 11 using the Eviews 7 software. The research sample includes, 343 companies have been chosen to estimate model and to test research hypotheses. Note that research studies that investigate the efficiency of capital market relative to special collections of information are of studies inquiring into abnormal pricing (abnormality or irrational pricing). For the analysis of research data and estimating models, the hybrid data approach has been used. The results of this study showed that the capital market is efficient relative to the information of non-discretionary accruals and the capital market is not efficient relative to accruals information.

[Mehdi Talebghasabi, Leila Lak, Fatemeh Lak. The relationship between Discretionary and Non-Discretionary Accruals and information efficiency in Tehran Stock Exchange. Rep Opinion 2016;8(3):34-38]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 5.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.05

 

Keywords: market efficiency, information efficiency, Discretionary Accruals, Non-Discretionary Accruals

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5

6

Logic of Pierce as discussed by your kind self: Firstness, Secondness and Thirdness

 

hakti Vijnana Muni, PhD

 

bvm@scsiscs.org

Online_Sadhu_Sanga@googlegroups.com

 

Abstract: From a semiotic understanding in Pierce’s philosophy, you have tried to explain a philosophy of evolution in this paper. You have specified that it is not an atomic materialism. As mentioned by you it is a process philosophy which goes beyond both material-deterministic mechanism as well as pure chance indeterminism and Cartesian dualism. You have explained that Peirce achieved this by creating a pragmaticist and semiotic framework of trans-disciplinary cognition, communication and knowledge development through the three new philosophical categories, viz., conceptions of First, Second and the Third. The First is the being or the conception of existing independent of everything else, the Second is the conception of being relative to or the reaction. And the Third is the conception of mediation where, by the First and the Second, it is brought into relation. About biology you quote Pierce, “In biology, the idea of arbitrary sporting is First, heredity is Second, the process whereby the accidental characters become fixed is Third. Chance is First, Law is Second, the tendency to take habits is Third.” And this is Peirce’s principle of Cosmogonic Philosophy, which is a model for the coming into being or existence of Universe and the sentient beings. However in highlighting these it might have been important to mention that Peirce had retrieved the final causation of Aristotle within his framework. It is the modern scientists who do not include telos or final causation in their mechanical framework because they think it is in conflict with the efficient causation as well as it brings the idea that somehow the future effects the present (i.e. reversing the temporal order). Peirce thinks that the modern neglect of final causation is due to nominalism.

[hakti Vijnana Muni. xxx. Rep Opinion 2016;8(3):39-47]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 6.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.06

 

Keywords: philosophy; evolution; materialism; Cosmogonic; Universe

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6

7

Indian Weather Time Scales

 

Gangadhara Rao Irlapati

 

HNo-5-30-4/1, Saibaba Nagar, IDA Jeedimetla, Hyderabad, India-500 055

 

Abstract: In the time and scale of the universe some things from astronomy to atom including living beings have been repeating once in every certain time or period. For example, the south and north magnetic poles have been shifting in every certain period. The sun spots have been repeating once in every eleven years. The lunar and solar eclipses have also been occurring once in every 18.6 years. The seasons such as winter, autumn etc. also have been repeating once in every year in the same month of the year. The periodical menses in the females repeating once in every month. On the basis of the said universal facts, I have prepared a time scale with 21 blocks, each block containing certain prescribed cycle of years in which similar calendar years repeating one after another that leads similar weather conditions of those previous years to future years likely repeating every year approximately. The rainfall of the years, have been entering in the scale in percentages or as it is pertaining to month, season, annual wise of the each and every year. If we managing the scale in this manner continuously, we may assuming the weather conditions of the anterior years on the basis of the posteriors years weather. On the basis of the principle, we can assume that a considerable, of course it may be little chance of predication for an ensuing years by study the data of earlier years.

[Gangadhara Rao Irlapati. Indian Weather Time Scales. Rep Opinion 2016;8(3):48-51]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 7.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.07

 

Keywords: Indian Weather, Time Scales

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8

Bio-Forecast

 

Gangadhara Rao Irlapati

 

HNo-5-30-4/1, Saibaba Nagar, IDA Jeedimetla, Hyderabad, India

 

Abstract: I have conducted many researches on the bio forecasting methods and invented the simple but peculiar Bio forecasting system in 1965. A research project was jointly conducted with Andhra Pradesh state council of science & Technology, Andhra Pradesh state remote sensing applications centre and Andhra Pradesh Science Centre in 1991. I have invented the bioforecast effect in 1965 by keen study and observations of the LIPOSCOPES biolumicells. Although weakened by forecasting property with less successive rate, it is a primary and natural forecasting method. This is my invention which can help to forecast the weather changes 18 days in advance. I first started the researches in 1963-65 @ 5 to 7 years age with little instruments such as papers and pencils, water drop etc. and invented the light spot scope (Liposcope). Liposcope is a simple but wonderful instrument which functions with a natural doctrine hidden secretly in the function of the eye which can help to find out some inventions and discoveries like biolumicells, bioforecast effect etc, Liposcope is my first invention.

[Gangadhara Rao Irlapati. Bio-Forecast. Rep Opinion 2016;8(3):52-55]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 8.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.08

 

Keywords: state council; science; technology; bioforecast effect; Liposcope

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8

9

A New Hypothetical Model Of Cosmology

(Formerly published as Irlapatism-Irlapati Theory of Universe)

 

Gangadhara Rao Irlapati

 

H.No.5-30-4/1, Saibabanagar, Jeedimetla, Saibabanagar, Hyderabad, Telangana State-500 055.

 

Abstract: I have conducted many studies on the origin, nature structure and evolution of the universe during the 1970-77 and proposed a new Hypothetical model of cosmology with hundreds or postulations. In 1977, a book was published in the name of IRLAPATISM-IRLAPTATI THEORY OF UNIVERSE on the basis of the postulations of the hypothesis by the supporters. The postulations about the universe, existence of god, theory of evolution etc in the book were exposed to the anger of fanatic people and I got into a violent altercation about these postulations of the hypothesis. As a result I was subjected to the suppressions and persecutions. I reported these suppressions and torments to the revenue divisional officer. Amalapuram on 6-7-1977 the revenue divisional officer was conducted an enquiry about this matter on forenoon, July 21st, 1977 while returning from the enquiry, I was attacked by a mob and they had taken me to the village chavadi. Followed by an altercation with tortures about the theory, they beaten and f forced me to put signatures on some false documents, and an offence falsely framed and foisted against me. After that I was sent to the taluk magistrate, kothapeta for another trial with the investigation of the superstitions, the taluk magistrate was declared me as a dangerous boy and up to anything and issued sentence to punish me and handed over to the police station, ravulapalem. The police was arrested me on July 21, 1977 registered a case and sent to remand, I was kept imprisoned some months in subjail and remaining period interrogated periodically by panatics and officers. The trials were done between April 2, 1979 to November 20, 1979 after trials, the Honble Additional Judicial First Class Magistrate court was found me not guilty and acquitted on November 27, 1979.

[Gangadhara Rao Irlapati. A New Hypothetical Model Of Cosmology. Rep Opinion 2016;8(3):56-81]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 9.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.09

 

Keywords: origin; nature; evolution

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10

Application Of Innovative Teaching Methods In Teaching Of Entrepreneurship In The Nigerian Polytechnichs

 

Abbas Sani Dahiru, Zaidatol Akmaliah Lope Pihie

 

Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra, Malaysia

abbassanidahiru@yahoo.com, zalp@upm.edu

 

Abstract: Entrepreneurship education is intended to communicate and instil skills, abilities, understanding, and values required to identify business opportunity, establish and start new business project. It involves translating an idea into reality. However, selecting the appropriate teaching methods required meeting up with the course objectives and the needs of the students had become a challenge to lecturers in the Nigerian Polytechnics. Thus, this paper discussed the concept of entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurship education in Nigeria, pedagogical approaches in teaching entrepreneurship education, and finally the implications of the paper on both the practitioners and policy makers were discussed.

[Abbas Sani Dahiru, Zaidatol Akmaliah Lope Pihie. Application Of Innovative Teaching Methods In Teaching Of Entrepreneurship In The Nigerian Polytechnichs. Rep Opinion 2016;8(3):82-87]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 10.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.10

 

Key Words: Innovativeness, Teaching Methods, Entrepreneurship Education

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10

11

The importance of indigenous knowledge for rural women

 

Saber Geraeili and Morteza Azizi

 

Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran

E-mail: azizi_morteza@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Experience shows that indigenous knowledge not only has no contradiction with formal knowledge but different indigenous knowledge features, put it as well complementary for formal knowledge. Indigenous knowledge is accessible, useful and cheap. These countries have learned that exporting produced goods is better than selling petroleum. enforcing indigenous productive system at villages and also encouraging youths and teens to learn indigenous knowledge at on hand, and preparing suitable research condition for applied-sciences scholars in order to identify better and increasing applied aptitude of indigenous knowledge at the other hand, is equal to protection and sustainable use of natural resources.

[Saber Geraeili and Morteza Azizi. The importance of indigenous knowledge for rural women. Rep Opinion 2016;8(3):88-94]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 11.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.11

 

Keywords: Indigenous knowledge, rural women

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11

12

Corporate Governance and Predicting Bankruptcy of Firms Using Survival Analysis (Case Study of Companies Listed in Tehran Stock Exchange)

 

Maryam Mokarami1, Zeinab Motefares2

 

1Master of Accounting, Persian Gulf International, Educational Brunch-Islamic Azad University- Khorramshahr -Iran

E-mail: Maryam Mokarami1@yahoo.com

2Master of Accounting, Persian Gulf International, Educational Brunch-Islamic Azad University-Khorramshahr-Iran

 

Abstract: The purpose of This Study is to Provide Evidence Associated With Corporate Governance Role From the PRESPECTIVE That Whether Internal Mechanisms Are Effective on Bankruptcy of Firms or not. Therefore, a Sample Consisted of 76 Listed Companies in Tehran Stock Exchange Over a Nine_ year Period (1380_1388) Was Select and Investigated. For Hypothesis Testing, Cox Regression Have Been Used. Criteria Used for Corporate Governance are: Size of Board of Directors, Percentage of non Executive Directors, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Change, and Major Ownership. Control Variables of the Study are: Firm`s Size, Profitability, Interest Coverage Ratio, Liquidity, Financial Risk, and Operational Rick. Results indicates a significant Relationship Between CEO Change and Bankruptcy, However a Significant Relationship Was Not Seen Between Percentage of non Executive Directors, Size of Board Of Directors, Major Ownership and Bankruptcy.

[Maryam Mokarami, Zeinab Motefares. Corporate Governance and Predicting Bankruptcy of Firms Using Survival Analysis (Case Study of Companies Listed in Tehran Stock Exchange). Rep Opinion 2016;8(3):95-102]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 12.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.12

 

Keywords: Corporate Governance, Bankruptcy, Survival Analysis, Longitudinal Data, Tehran Stock Exchange.

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12

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doi:

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.01

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.02

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.03

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.04

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.05

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.06

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.07

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.08

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.09

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.10

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.11

doi:10.7537/marsroj080316.12

 

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