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Science Journal

 

Report and Opinion

(Rep Opinion)

ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online), doi prefix: 10.7537, Monthly

Volume 8 - Issue 4, Cumulated 82, April 25, 2016

Cover (pdf), Cover (jpg), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers

 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

G.R. Irlapati’s Geoscope

 

Gangadhara Rao Irlapati

 

H. No.5-30-4/1, Saibabanagar, Jeedimetla, Saibabanagar, Hyderabad, Telangana State-500 055.

 

Abstract: I have conducted many researches on the earthquakes during the year of 1980-87 and invented the Geoscope which can help to forewarn the earthquakes in advance Sri. AJVB Maheswara Rao Member of Parliament (Loksabha) was recommended the Geoscope to Sri K.R. Narayanan Minister of science & Technology Department for further research and development in the services of the country. In 1989, the Honble High Court of Andhra Pradesh was also issued orders to the government of India, Ministry of science & Technology, council of scientific and Industrial Research to provide research facilities to carryout the experiments in National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad for Implementation in the service of the country. Geoscope means- a mechanical architecture established in between the underground and observatory with the help of bore-well proposed for conducting geological studies to know the earthquakes, ores and water currents etc. A borehole having suitable width and depth has to be dug. An observatory having research &analysis facilities has to be constructed on the borehole Apparatus & sensors to recognize the geo- physical and geo-chemical changes generated in the underground such as foreshocks, chemical changes, electrogeopulses, micro-vibrations, pressure, geomagnetic forces etc should be inserted into the underground and linked with the concerned analysis sections of the observatory that is above the ground to study the changes taking place in the underground. That means-relative results of geological & geographical researches &developments of past, present and future should be interposed, coordinated and constantly developed. The apparatus related to the geology and geography such as Richter scale etc also should be set in the observatories of the Geoscope. We can make many more modern ideas & modifications thus bringing many more improvements & developments in the Geoscope. And we can build many more types of Geoscopes thus connecting many more levels for national wide network, more and required geoscope centers should be established in the earthquake zones where earthquakes occur frequently and there should be establish a central office to co-ordinate and codify the data of warnings about the onset of earthquake. The central office should analysis the data and estimate the time, epicenter, area etc details of the impending earthquake and send to the authorities and people to take precautions.

[Gangadhara Rao Irlapati. G.R. Irlapati’s Geoscope. Rep Opinion 2016;8(4):1-10]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 1.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.01

 

Keywords: earthquake; Geoscope; government; India; Ministry; science; technology

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1

2

Indian Monsoon Time Scale

 

Gangadhara Rao Irlapati

 

H. No.5-30-4/1, Saibabanagar, Jeedimetla, Saibabanagar, Hyderabad, Telangana State-500  055.

 

Abstract: The Indian Monsoon Time Scale-a chronological sequence of events arranged in between time and weather with the help of a scale for studying the past, present and future movements of monsoon of India and its relationship with rainfall and other weather problem and natural calamities. Prepare the Indian Monsoon Time Scale having 365 horizontal days March 21st to next year March 20th of a required period comprising of a large time and weather have been taken and framed into a square graphic scale. The main weather events if any have been entering on the scale as per date and month of the each and every year. If we have been managing the scale in this manner continuously we can study the past, present and future movements of the Indian Monsoon. For example, I have prepared the Indian Monsoon Time Scale by Preparing the Scale having 365 horizontal days from 1st April to next year March 31st of 128 years from 1888 to 2016 for the required period comprising of large time and weather have been taken and framed into a square graphic scale. The monsoon pulses in the form of low pressure systems over the Indian region have been entering on the scale in stages by 1 for low, 2 for depression, 3 for storm, 4 for severe storm and 5 for severe storm with core of hurricane winds pertaining to the date and month of the each and every year. If we have been managing the scale in this manner continuously, we can study the past’s present’s and future’s of the India monsoon and its relationship with rainfall and other weather problems & natural calamities in India.

[Gangadhara Rao Irlapati. Indian Monsoon Time Scale. Rep Opinion 2016;8(4):11-38]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 2.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.02

 

Keywords: Indian, Monsoon, Time Scale

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2

3

High percentage of Gamma delta T Cells express the transcription factor, FoxP3 in Ghanaian children with or without malaria

 

Godfred Futagbi1, Ben Adu Gyan2, Harriet Nunoo1, John Kweku Amissah Tetteh2, Dominic Adotei Edoh1

 

1.Department of Animal Biology and Conservation Science, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana.

2. Department of Immunology, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana.

gfutagbi@ug.edu.gh

 

Abstract: Gamma delta (gd) T cells are known as first line of defence to infectious agents and also considered as regulatory cells that form a link between innate and adaptive responses. However, there are contradictory reports on their expression of FoxP3. In this study, we examined FoxP3 expression by gd+ and CD4+T cells as well as differences in expressions of FoxP3 between children with Plasmodium falciparum malaria and healthy donors. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) isolated from 29 Ghanaian children with uncomplicated malaria and age and sex-matched 14 healthy children, were stained with combinations of T-cell subset-, CD25- or FoxP3-specific monoclonal antibodies conjugated to fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), phycoerythrin (PE) or PE-Cy5. The antibodies were directed against CD4, CD25, TCR-gd, Vd1 and FoxP3. Interestingly, the results show higher proportion of TCR-gd+ cells expressing FoxP3 compared to CD4+ T cells in both patients and healthy controls. Though there were no significant differences in the frequencies of TCR-gd+ FoxP3+ and TCR-gd+ Vd1+ FoxP3+ T cells between patients and controls, more than 40% of TCR-gd+ and 60% of Vd1+ T cells express FoxP3 in both patients and controls. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that substantial proportion of TCR-gd+ and Vd1+ T cells express FoxP3 and imply that the high frequency of γδ+ or Vd1+ T cells in individuals from malaria endemic areas contributes to the pool of circulating FoxP3+ cells.

[Futagbi G, Gyan BA, Nunoo H, Tetteh JKA, Edoh DA. High percentage of Gamma delta T Cells express the transcription factor, FoxP3 in Ghanaian children with or without malaria. Rep Opinion 2016;8(4):39-45]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 3.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.03

 

Keywords: Malaria, regulatory cells, TCR-gd, Vdelta1, FoxP3

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3

4

A Database, specification and Theory Perspective (Data-Aware, Analysis)

 

Akbar Sanchouli *, Habib Piri** and Hossein Haghshenas***

 

*M.Sc. Graduate, Department of IT Management, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran

**M.Sc. Graduate, Department of Accounting, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran

***Department of Archeology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, iran

(Corresponding author:akbar sanchouli)

akbarsabz@gmail.com

 

Abstract : While logical theories of information attitudes, such as knowledge, certainty and belief, have flourished in the past two decades, formalization of other facets of rational behavior have lagged behind significantly. In this work we survey the research of data-aware processes that has been carried out in the database theory community. We show that this community has indeed developed over the years a multi- faceted culture of merging data and processes. We argue that it is this community that should lay the foundations to solve, at least from the point of view of formal analysis, the dichotomy between data and processes still persisting in business process management. Will discuss one approach to tackling the notion within a logical framework, based on a database Perspective.

[Akbar Sanchouli, Habib Piri and Hossein Haghshenas. A Database, specification and Theory Perspective (Data-Aware, Analysis). Rep Opinion 2016;8(4):46-57]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 4.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.04

 

Keywords: Database perspective, business, Data-Aware, information attitudes, database theory community

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4

5

Effect of seed age and varieties on seed quality of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) in Dangur District Metekle Zone, West Southern Ethiopia

 

Ferehewoit Deressegn1*, Firew Mekbib2

 

1Department of Plant Science, Assosa University, P.O. Box 18, Assosa, Ethiopia

2Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia

frederesegn@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This study was conducted in Dangur District at Pawe Agricultural Research Site during 2013 cropping season. The aim of the study was to identify the effect of seed age and varieties on physical, physiological and health quality of soybean. The experiment was done on two varieties (Belessa-95 and TGX) having two different ages (year one and year two). The study employed SAS computer software and the treatments significant differences were subjected to LSD (least significant difference) test for mean separation at (p<0.01) and (<0.05) significant levels. Analysis of variances showed that significant (p0.01) differences were recorded among physical purity components and germination due to the main effect of seed age. The highest mean of analytical purity (61.88 %) was obtained in year one and the lowest mean (42.63) were recorded on year two. The highest mean of germination was (72.63%) on year one and lowest mean of germination (38.62) were recorded on year two. The highest mean density (5.94%) of Pseudomonas syringe was observed on the combination of TGX by year two and the lowest mean was recorded on same varieties (0.06%) for Pythium and Botrytis. Therefore among the two different soybean varieties (Belessa-95 and TGX) having the two different storage years (year one and two) those soybean varieties with one storage year were indicated maximum seed quality performance.

[Ferehewoit Deressegn, Firew Mekbib. Effect of seed age and varieties on seed quality of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) in Dangur District Metekle Zone, West Southern Ethiopia. Rep Opinion 2016;8(4):58-66]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 5.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.05

 

Keywords: seed age, varieties, seed quality and soybean

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5

6

Meta-analysis of theoretical and philosophical foundations for aesthetic upbringing and its impact on education

 

Abolfazl Ehsani1, Hamed Attari2

 

1.  Lecturer in Farhangian University, MSc of Educational Planning, Educational Planning Department, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University (ATU), Tehran, Iran

2.  BS of Educational science, Farhangian University, Shahid Maghsoudi Campus, Hamedan, Iran

a.ehsani84@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Art provides a unique opportunity and help to make personal growth. For this reason, scholars, educators are trying to highlight the role of artistic education in the curriculum. Learn aesthetic, meant to link thought and feeling. Through art, thoughts and feelings are expressed. Image and memorial that will make people every town, for it to show his feelings towards life. Art is important because it paves the way thoughtfulness and understanding. All children can grow up artists, but they can grow in their aesthetic sense and know the value of art. All members of society accept that one of the goals of education, to familiarize students with art, providing an understanding of their art, creating a sense of appreciation of its artistic creativity. Many believe that one of the major problems associated with beauty in nature and in art education, along with honesty and good. The qualitative approach with descriptive-analytic study, to explore potential uses for achievements And serious knowledge to explain the evolution of philosophical thought in the field of aesthetic education, presented the theory of art, seeking justification for this kind of training, reviews various educational purposes aesthetic and its impact on education and audio-visual relationship to aesthetic education.

[Abolfazl Ehsani, Hamed Attari. Meta-analysis of theoretical and philosophical foundations for aesthetic upbringing and its impact on education. Rep Opinion 2016;8(4):67-72]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 6.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.06

 

Keywords: Artistic, Aesthetic, Training, Education

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6

7

Investigation factors affecting the quality of in-service training of school managers in Maku city

 

Farhad Rezapour

 

MA degree in Educational Administration, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Azarbaijan Sharghi, Iran

farhadrezapoor.63@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the factors affecting the quality of training of managers of Maku city. The sample size was 298, according to Morgan table is stratified random sampling method were selected on the basis of gender, through survey research and data collection tools and validity is 0.82, The results of the factor analysis and T-test for independent groups showed: Identify training needs, develop training plans and goals, the implementation of training programs, evaluation of the factors affecting the quality of in-service training courses are in-service training.

[Farhad Rezapour. Investigation factors affecting the quality of in-service training of school managers in Maku cit. Rep Opinion 2016;8(4):73-78]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 7.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.07

 

Keywords: in-service training, school managers, Maku city

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8

Occurrence of Listeria monocytogenes and other Listeria spp in Conventional Chicken Meat purchased from some retailer outlets in Rivers State, Nigeria

 

Omorodion NJP and Odu NN

 

Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, P.M.B. 5323, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author. Tel: +2349083622583, E-mail: nnennaomorodion@gmail.com, nnenna.omorodion@uniport.edu.ng

 

Abstract: The aim of the study was to determine the occurrence of Listeria monocytogenes and other Listeria spp. in conventional chicken meats a total of 16 samples comprising of 8 wings and 8 thighs obtained from retailer outlets in four different locations (Rumuola, Rumuosi, Aluu and Choba). The total viable counts ranges from 5.6x106-5.6x107 cfu/g for the wings, while the counts from the thighs ranges from 7.0x106 to 8.8x108 cfu./g. Counts were higher from samples obtained from Rumuola retailer store and least counts were obtained from Aluu and Choba retailer stores. High occurrence of Listeria spp were found more on the chicken thighs. The percentage occurrence of Listeria monocytogenes (53%), Listreia innocua (17%), Listeria invanovii (15%), Listeria murrayi (9%) and Listeria welshimeri (6%). Due to the high microbial contamination, it is very essential that the microbial level of any processed food be kept as low as possible, this because the microbial load is a reflection of the food quality. It very important that regulatory agencies be set up to ensure the enforcement of microbiological safety of poultry meats, by providing documents containing microbiological standards clearly specified to be used for assessment of safety and monitoring the nature and quality of poultry meats.

[Omorodion NJP and Odu NN. Occurrence of Listeria monocytogenes and other Listeria spp in Conventional Chicken Meat purchased from some retailer outlets in Rivers State, Nigeria. Rep Opinion 2016;8(4):79-83]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 8.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.08

 

Keywords: Occurrence, Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria spp., Conventional Chicken, Meat, Retailer outlets

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8

9

Employment and entrepreneurship in the sports industry in Iran

 

Azadeh Jafari Kargar1, Ali Hazratgholizadeh2

 

1.  MSc of Economic Sciences, Economic Sciences University of Tehran

  1. MSc of Development Economics, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

azadeh.jafarii@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of facilities and sports clubs and sports production with the development of the sports industry on employment in the country. The method is a combination of applied research and data collection. The population consisted of 130 questionnaires that 100 of them were approved and survey of managers and equipment manufacturers and sports clubs in the city of Tehran. Data were collected through a survey of a sample to qualitatively and quantitatively by gathering information through a questionnaire. After confirming the validity and reliability through Cronbach's alpha coefficient (0.79) was confirmed. Kolmogorov–Smirnov normal distribution was confirmed. The difference of opinion between the two groups, manufacturers and managers of sports clubs and places the paired test was observed. With the growth of the sports industry and its professionals in demand for sports equipment and build more sports facilities and the employment in this industry has increased and consequently the share of employment increases in the variable sport. The most important factor in creating employment in the sports sector experts and experienced specialist in Physical Education Organization and the main obstacle to job creation and inefficient managers successive changes in the management of the exercise.

[Azadeh Jafari Kargar, Ali Hazratgholizadeh. Employment and entrepreneurship in the sports industry in Iran. Rep Opinion 2016;8(4):84-85]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 9.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.09

 

Keywords: Employment, sports industry, inefficient management, job creation, barriers to employment, sport facilities, sports clubs, sports products

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10

The impact of organizational culture on learning organization with emphasis on role of mediating knowledge management

 

Sara Almasizadeh

 

M.A.Student Educational Management Urmia University

saraalmasi850@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Learning organization is one of the main important issues that requires special attention from organizations, therefore, recognizing the effectual factors on the learning organization in the path of organizational culture and knowledge management seems to be vital for organizations. This research has been carried out to define the learning organization’s pattern based on organizational culture dimensions with the intermediate role of knowledge management. The applied method is descriptive and the solidarity research pattern is based on of structural equation modeling. The statistic population includes all Kermanshah’s Ministry of Industries and Business personnel who have been selected to be studied using random stratum sampling method in relation with the volume of 186 person per each stratum as statistic samples. In order to gather the data for the research, three standard questionnaires of organizational culture, knowledge management, and learning organization have been employed. The research’s data has been analyzed using SPSS and LISREL statistical software. The results of the structural equation modeling showed that the effects of organizational culture on the learning organization with intermediate role of knowledge management is influential.

[Sara Almasizadeh. The impact of organizational culture on learning organization with emphasis on role of mediating knowledge management. Rep Opinion 2016;8(4):86-92]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 10.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.10

 

Keywords: Organizational Culture, Knowledge Management, Learning Organization, Personnel

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11

A Simple Mechanism for Gravitation

 

Chun-Xuan, Jiang (蒋春暄)

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China (蒋春暄,北京3924信箱,100854)

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com, jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: Gravity is a great mystery. No one has since given any machinery. In this paper we give a simple machinery. Gravity is the tachyon centripetal force. Anybody may understand gravitation.

[Chun-Xuan, Jiang (蒋春暄). A Simple Mechanism for Gravitation. Rep Opinion 2016;8(4):93-95]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 11.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.11

 

Keywords: Gravity; mystery; machinery; tachyon; centripetal force.

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12

The Effect of Elaborative Text Modification on Pre-intermediate Male and Female EFL Learners’ Reading Comprehension

 

Shahram Esfandiari Asl1*, Masoud Zoghi 2

 

1. Department of English Language and Linguistics, Ahar Branch ,Islamic Azad University, Ahar, Iran

sh.esfandiari2012@yahoo.com

2. Department of English Language and Linguistics, Ahar Branch ,Islamic Azad University, Ahar, Iran

 

Abstract: This study was conducted to determine whether text modification through elaboration enhances reading comprehension performance of pre-intermediate male and female EFL learners. To this end, 60 pre-intermediate learners were selected based on their performance on a standard version of Longman's New Opportunities Placement Tests. The participants also received a piloted version of a researcher-made reading comprehension test as the pretest to ascertain their homogeneity. Then, they were divided into two equal groups to represent the experimental group and the control group (each group containing two male and female sub-groups that totally form four groups). Five reading passages based on two reading tasks (unmodified and elaborated versions) were administered to the participants. The experimental group received the elaborated texts as the treatment, while the control group received unmodified baseline texts. Following five weeks (for ten sessions) the posttest was administered. The results of a two-way ANOVA indicated that regardless of the gender difference, there was a significant difference between the experimental group's and the control group's reading comprehension performance. This study concludes that elaborative text modification can be a worthy option in EFL classes.

[Shahram Esfandiari Asl, Masoud Zoghi. The Effect of Elaborative Text Modification on Pre-intermediate Male and Female EFL Learners’ Reading Comprehension. Rep Opinion 2016;8(4):96-100]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 12.

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.12

 

Keywords: Elaboration, text modification, input hypothesis, reading comprehension

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12

The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from March 22, 2016

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doi:

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.01

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.02

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.03

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.04

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.05

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.06

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.07

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.08

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.09

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.10

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.11

doi:10.7537/marsroj080416.12

 

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