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Science Journal

 

Report and Opinion

(Rep Opinion)

ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online), doi prefix:10.7537, Monthly

Volume 8 - Issue 6, Cumulated 84, June 25, 2016

Cover (pdf), Cover (jpg), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers

 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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1

Beyond Einstein and Newton: A Scientific Odyssey Through Creation, Higher Dimensions, And The Cosmos

 

Manjunath R

 

Independent Researcher

#16/1, 8 Th Main Road, Shivanagar, Rajajinagar, Bangalore: 560010, Karnataka, India

manjunath5496@gmail.com, manjunathr1988@yahoo.in

 

Abstract: General public regards science as a beautiful truth. But it is absolutely-absolutely false. Science has fatal limitations. The whole the scientific community is ignorant about it. It is strange that scientists are not raising the issues. Science means truth, and scientists are proponents of the truth. But they are teaching incorrect ideas to children (upcoming scientists) in schools /colleges etc. One who will raise the issue will face unprecedented initial criticism. Anyone can read the book and find out the truth. It is open to everyone.

[Manjunath R. Beyond Einstein and Newton: A Scientific Odyssey Through Creation, Higher Dimensions, And The Cosmos. Rep Opinion 2016;8(6):1-81]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 1. doi:10.7537/marsroj080616.01.

 

Keywords: Science; Cosmos; Equations; Dimensions; Creation; Big Bang.

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2

Analysis of bivariate correlated data under the Poisson-gamma model

 

Narges Ramooz1, Farzad Eskandari2

 

1. MSc of Statistics, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran

2. Associate professor of Statistics, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran

n_ramooz@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This article reviews bivariate correlated count data by using mixed Poisson - Gamma. In the model presented in solidarity response variables which are counted as components of the model is unobservable heterogeneity. Hierarchical Bayesian method to estimate the model parameters have been used, Gibbs sampling algorithm for finding prior distribution model parameters is proposed. Finally, given the economic model has been cooperative sector.

[Narges Ramooz, Farzad Eskandari. Analysis of bivariate correlated data under the Poisson-gamma model. Rep Opinion 2016;8(6):82-91]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 2. doi:10.7537/marsroj080616.02.

 

Keywords: Bivariate correlated count data, Poisson-gamma model, Hierarchical Bayes, Metropolis Hastings algorithm

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3

Organization of extracurricular work of students

 

Abdullayeva Ozoda Safibullayevna

 

Namangan Engineering Pedagogical Institute 100052, Uzbekistan

Telephone: +998903276666; E-mail: saida.beknazarova@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This article deals with the problem of teacher training bachelors training Engineering and Pedagogical University and the acquisition of psychological and pedagogical knowledge necessary for professional work.

[Abdullayeva Ozoda Safibullayevna. Organization of extracurricular work of students. Rep Opinion 2016;8(6):92-94]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 3. doi:10.7537/marsroj080616.03.

 

Keywords: technology, organization of extracurricular work, students

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4

Women Economic Empowerment for Sustainable Household Food Security in Rural Areas of Ondo State, Nigeria

 

Ogboru Justinah Oghenerioborue1, Ibidapo Iranola2

 

1Department of Home Economics, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo.

2Department of Agricultural Science, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo.

ibidapo68@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Women’s economic empowerment is crucial not only in eradicating abject poverty but also to achieve household food security. The study examined women economic empowerment for sustainable household food security in the rural areas of Ondo state. A multistage sampling technique was employed for the study and a total of one hundred and fifty (150) women were selected for the study. The primary data for the study were collected with the aid of a well structured questionnaire coupled with interview schedule. Data were analyzed with the aid of descriptive statistics such as frequency distribution, mean and percentages while logistic regression analysis was employed to identify factors influencing household food security. The results showed a mean age of 42.53.5 years. The marital status revealed that 69.3% were married with average household size of 73 members indicating a fairly large household size which characterizes the rural areas of developing counties. On educational status, 62.4% had secondary education which affected the level of awareness on food security. The mean years of farming experience was 9.42.3 years. Factors militating against women economic empowerment for achieving household food security include, illiteracy, lack of access to resources, poor infrastructural/storage facilities, cultural/religious beliefs, among others. The logistic regression analysis revealed that age, household size, education, income, occupation and access to credit were positive and statistically significant in influencing food security in the households. It was recommended that women empowerment in terms of access to credit, education, skill acquisition, entrepreneurial training, among others will help to improve household food security.

[Ogboru J. O., Ibidapo I. Women Economic Empowerment for Sustainable Household Food Security in Rural Areas of Ondo State, Nigeria. Rep Opinion 2016;8(6):95-99]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 4. doi:10.7537/marsroj080616.04.

 

Keywords: Women economic empowerment, Food Security, Sustainability, Rural household, Ondo State.

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5

Organization of extracurricular work of students

 

Abdullayeva O.S., PhD

 

Namangan Engineering Pedagogical Institute

saida.beknazarova@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Annotation: This article deals with the problem of teacher training bachelors training Engineering and Pedagogical University and the acquisition of psychological and pedagogical knowledge necessary for professional work.

[Abdullayeva O.S. Organization of extracurricular work of students. Rep Opinion 2016;8(6):100-102]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 5. doi:10.7537/marsroj080616.05.

 

Keywords: technology, organization of extracurricular work, students

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6

Legitimacy in Islamic Political Thought

 

Hadi edalat

 

MSc of Political Science

hedalat@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Legitimacy is the most important element of the political system, and the government has legitimacy and efficiency that it has the legitimacy. In monotheistic world view and political philosophy of Islam, God's sovereignty is the source of legitimacy and according to Islam, sole ruler has legitimacy, and it is necessary to follow him that his sovereignty is due to the revelation Prophet (pbuh) and his Successors. Legitimacy represents the truth and Legitimacy in Islam means appointed by God and compliance with laws and religious teachings of Islam. If the government consist of the popular consent, but it has not been permitted the formation of government by God and does not fulfill to the rules, so it has not legitimacy and individuals are not required to comply with it. Acceptance is also one of the concepts that in the political thought, is glaring immediately after the Legitimacy; when the political system attains the consent of people and is facing with people's inclination, so it will be accepted. The two concepts should not be considered in one sense; because the acceptability is the effect of legitimacy and there is the condition for the acceptance of the legitimate government, but the legitimacy is not the definite cause of the realization of the acceptance; because in relation to the acceptability of a system in addition to legitimacy, Other factors are involved such as efficient and reciprocal rights of the people and the rulers. In Islam, has been separated legitimacy of the acceptance and the acceptance is accompanied by the vote of people and the legitimacy of Islamic system, is independent issue of the will of the people.

[Hadi edalat. Hadi edalat. Legitimacy in Islamic Political Thought. Rep Opinion 2016;8(6):103-112]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 6. doi:10.7537/marsroj080616.06.

 

Keywords: Legitimacy, acceptability, Islamic political thought, people

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Evaluation of injectable Vitamin C as a depigmenting agent in physiologic gingival melanin hyperpigmentation: A clinical trial

 

Nermin Mohammed Ahmed Yussif1, Shaimaa Omar Zayed2Shereen Ali Hasan3and Sami S.Sadek4

 

1Masters degree- National institute of laser enhanced science (NILES) - Cairo University, Egypt.

2Assistant Professor, Oral Pathology Department, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.

3Assistant Professor, Oral Medicine and Periodontology Department, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.

4Professor, Former head of Oral Medicine and Periodontology Department, Oral Medicine and Periodontology Department, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.

dr_nermin_yusuf@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Objective: Evaluate the efficiency of vitamin C as a depigmenting agent in patients with physiologic gingival hyperpigmentation and assess its clinical and histopathologic effect on the patients’ gingival health. Background data: Gingival melanin hyperpigmentation is an aesthetic problem which concern many individuals. Various surgical and non-surgical approaches have been reported for its management but most of them are associated with hazardous effects. Methods: Forty patients suffering from physiologic gingival melanin hyperpigmentation was included. Intraepidermal injection of vitamin C was repeated once per week until no visible pigmentation. The patients were recalled after 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment for follow up. Results: There is a decrease in pigmentation indices scores and reduction in the area with a significant statistical difference between pre-operative visit and both injection as well as follow-up visits. Regarding gingival health, the results revealed a reduction in mean SBI scores after vitamin C injection and statistical significant improvement of the gingival biotype with shift from the thin gingival biotype to the thick one. Conclusion: Vitamin C injection is a safe, minimally invasive non-surgical depigmenting technique which improves health of gingival tissues.

[Nermin Mohammed Ahmed Yussif, Shaimaa Omar Zayed, Shereen Ali Hasan and Sami S. Sadek. Evaluation of injectable Vitamin C as a depigmenting agent in physiologic gingival melanin hyperpigmentation: A clinical trial. Rep Opinion 2016;8(6):113-120]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 7. doi:10.7537/marsroj080616.07.

 

Keywords: Vitamin C, ascorbic acid, depigmenting agent, tyrosinase enzyme, physiologic gingival melanin hyperpigmentation, gingival health

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from April 10, 2016

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