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Science Journal

 

Report and Opinion

(Rep Opinion)

ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online), doi prefix: 10.7537, Monthly

Volume 8 - Issue 8, Cumulated 86, August 25, 2016

Cover (jpg), Cover (pdf), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers

 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Phytochemical Analysis of Some Apiaceae Plants

 

Abd El-Monem M.A. Sharaf*, Mohammed Hassan Elhaw, and Muhammed I.F. Abdo

 

Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

*sharaf.5858@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The preliminary phytochemical screening to investigated alkaloids, glycosides, cardiac glycosides, saponins, phenol, sterol, tannins, flavonoids, and volatile oil present in plants under investigation. Alkaloids, glycosides and flavonoids present in all plants under investigation, while cardiac glycosides are absent in Foeniculum vulgare, Petroselinum crispum, Pimpinella anisum and Carum carvi. Also, saponins were absent in Petroselinum crispum, Pimpinella anisum and Carum carvi, while phenol was absent in Petroselinum crispum, and sterol was absent in Cuminum cyminum, Foeniculum vulgare and Petroselinum crispum. Also, tannins not found in Petroselinum crispum, Anethum graveolens and Petroselinum crispum. Volatile oils were absent in Cuminum cyminum and Foeniculum vulgare. Quantitative assay of the plants under investigation, show that total flavonoids and total phenolic acids have a maximum value in Pimpinella anisum and Coriandrum sativum, respectively, while minimum value in Petroselinum crispum. On the other hand both of total tannins and alkaloids show maximum value in Carum carvi while minimum values in Cuminum cyminum and Foeniculum vulgare, respectively, at the end, total saponins have a maximum values in Anethum graveolens and minium value in Petroselinum crispum and Coriandrum sativum.

[Sharaf AMA, Elhaw MH, Abdo MIF. Phytochemical Analysis of Some Apiaceae Plants. Rep Opinion 2016;8(8):1-6]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 1. doi:10.7537/marsroj080816.01.

 

Keywords: Apiaceae, preliminary screening, quantitative assay

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2

Antifungitoxic Activities of S. alata Linn Leaf Extracts on stored Yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir) Tuber Rot Organisms

 

Ijato, J. Y

 

Department Of Plant Science, Faculty Of Science, Ekiti State      University, Ado-Ekiti P.M.B 5363, Ekiti State, Nigeria

E-mail: considerureternity@gmail.com, GSM: 08067335124

 

Abstract: Antifungitoxic activities of ethanol leave extracts of Senna alata was evaluated in vitro. Varied concentrations of the test plant extracts were inhibitive on the mycelia growth of Botryodiplodia theobromae, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus glaucus, Activities of 50% and 30% ethanol extracts of S. alata at 10-50g/100ml and 50g/100ml respectively inhibited A. glaucus completely (100%). Also, 50% ethanol extract of S. alata at 50g/100ml completely inhibited A. glaucus. This investigation showed that ethanol leaves extracts of S. alata had high controlling capacity on fungal pathogens of yam tubers.

[Ijato, J. Y. Antifungitoxic Activities of S. alata Linn Leaf Extracts on stored Yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir) Tuber Rot Organisms. Rep Opinion 2016;8(8):7-10]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 2. doi:10.7537/marsroj080816.02.

 

Keywords: S. alata, antifungitoxic, fungal pathogens

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3

Subsurface layers modeling and ground water studies in Kivi plain by geoelectric

 

Behnam Taghavi1, Farnusch Hajizadeh2, Rana Khaleghi3

 

1Msc. Student, Urmia University, Iran.

2Assistant Professor of Mining Engineering Dept., Urmia University, Iran.

3Msc. Student, Urmia University, Iran.

 

Abstract: Kivi Plainis located in the northeastern city of Kiviin Ardabil province. Due to the large number of villages in the desert and its people engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry, Study of ground water to determination of the optimal location of wells is important. In this regard, geoelectric technique was used for studies of groundwater quality and quantity of Kivi plain. In this research, the resolution of the subsurface layers, detection of saturated zone, determination of basement, detection of the general direction of groundwater and changes of resistivity in sounding points and profiles have been studied. The number of 196 vertical electrical sounding on nine profiles and the number of 9 sounding in variety points and in vicinity of exploratory wells by schlumberger array in the study area have been taken. "IPI2win" software is used for the interpretation of vertical electrical sounding curves and one-dimensional modeling. By “Res2dinv”, two - dimensional modeling and preparation of resistivity section have been taken. According to the results of the interpretation of the data in the study area, sediments inparts of the Middle East and Northern have developed, and from the surface to the depth of alluvium and marl deposits were included. More aquifer layers in marly sand deposits, silt and sand, crushed limestone and slaty zones were observed. Basement is included most of marl (with the layers of sandstone and conglomerate), limestone and silt. According to the basement, the topography slope of the area and isopiezecurves, groundwater movement is toward the northeast.

[Behnam Taghavi, Farnusch Hajizadeh, Rana Khaleghi. Subsurface layers modeling and ground water studies in Kivi plain by geoelectric. Rep Opinion 2016;8(8):11-18]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 3. doi:10.7537/marsroj080816.03.

 

Key words: vertical electrical sounding, aquifer layers, resistivity

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4

Dynamic Headspace GC-MS Analysis of the Essential Oil of Indian Coriandrum sativum Fruits

 

Kamal K. Pande 1, Lata Pande 2, Bharat Pande 3 , Atul Pujari 4, Pankaj Sah 5,6 and Stuti Sah 7

 

1, 4 Department of Biotechnology, MB Post Graduate College, Haldwani, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand (India)

2 Foods and Nutrition Lab, Department of Home Science, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand State 263002, (India)

3 Department of Chemistry, MB Post Graduate College, Haldwani, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand State, (India)

5 Department of Botany, DSB Campus Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand State 263002, (India)

6 Department of Applied Sciences, Higher College of Technology, PO Box 74, PC 133, Al-Khuwair, Muscat (Sultanate of Oman)

7 Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, GB Pant University of Agriculture Science and Technology, Pant Nagar Uttarakhand State (India)

kemscience@gmail.com, pankaj@hct.edu.om, drpankajsah1@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The fruits of coriander are alterative, antbilious, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, appetizer, aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, refrigerant, stimulant, stomachic and tonic. It contains an essential oil (up to 1%) constituted mainly linalool (60—70%), other monoterpenoids are (citronellol, geraniol, myrcene, α-and γ -terpinene, limonene, α-phellandrene and β-phellandrene, p-cymene, and β-pinene, borneol and camphor) and fatty acids. Present study shows 70.11% β-linalool, 6.63% geraniol acetate of total gc area. This study reports 29 main volatile compounds by dynamic headspace gc-ms analysis and most abundant being limonene oxide (38.67%). [Kamal K Pande, Lata Pande, Bharat Pande, Atul Pujari, Pankaj Sah and Stuti Sah. Dynamic Headspace GC-MS Analysis of the Essential Oil of Indian Coriandrum sativum Fruits.

[Kamal K. Pande, Lata Pande, Bharat Pande, Atul Pujari, Pankaj Sah and Stuti Sah. Dynamic Headspace GC-MS Analysis of the Essential Oil of Indian Coriandrum sativum Fruits. Rep Opinion 2016;8(8):19-22]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 4. doi:10.7537/marsroj080816.04.

 

Keywords: Coriandrum sativum; Essential oil; Dynamic head space GC-MS analysis

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5

Learning styles in adult education

 

Ali Badragheh, Mohammad Abedi

 

Department of Agriculture, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

*Corresponding author: abedi114@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: adult who is able to recognize their needs. He is who knows what will. Refers to individual adults in their lives cross and understand their responsibilities and has accepted the role is social. Adult learners are often those that distinguish each other and have many different targets at the same time and will follow a common challenge to fulfill the goals of building self motivation vectors as educational materials to learn and use the forge. in developed countries, adult education is a form of informal education for people above 24 years is presented. In fact, a means of expanding knowledge, skills and abilities of adults. In these countries, adult education helps adults to variable conditions of political, social, economic and cultural adjustment, and pay to fix their shortcomings. In developing countries and backward because the problems in primary education, lack of resources and facilities, poverty, social existence, economic and cultural concept of adult education is different. In such countries the concept of adult education is literacy education.

[Ali Badragheh, Mohammad Abedi. Learning styles in adult education. Rep Opinion 2016;8(8):23-26]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 5. doi:10.7537/marsroj080816.05.

 

Keywords: learning styles, adult learning

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6

Ict An Indispensable Tool In Effective Guidance/Counselling Services For Sustainable Educational Development In Secondary Schools In The 21st Century In Imo State, Nigeria

 

Dr. Mrs. Ekechukwu, Rosemary, Amaeze, Fidelis Eze

 

Department Of Educational Psychology, Guidance And Counselling Faculty Of Education. University Of Port Harcourt

Mamatriplets01@yahoo.com, precisedfidelis@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The study investigated ICT as an indispensable tool in effective guidance/counseling services for sustainable educational development in secondary schools in the 21st century in Imo State, Nigeria. Three research questions with corresponding three null hypotheses were formulated for the study. The population of the study is the 314 guidance/counselors in the 314 public secondary schools in Imo State, Nigeria. The purposive sampling technique was adopted in order to use the population as the sample. A self designed instrument titledICT as an Indispensable Tool for Effective Guidance and Counseling Scale” (ICTITGCS). Face and content validities were ensured. The Cronbach alpha statistics was used to establish the reliability coefficient of 0.84. Mean, standard deviation was used to answer the research question while z-test statistics was used to test the null hypotheses at an alpha level of 0.05. It was found out that: ICT is used to get related information on students’ problems, ICT is used for quick analysis of students problems, ICT is used to interview students in order to elicit information, ICT allows quick access to students as needed, ICT provides on the spot report of interpretation of students problem, Students that are shy can convey their problems to the counsellor through ICT. Moreso, ICT use is hindered by lack of fund, lack of power supply, lack of ICT complaint guidance/counselors. It was recommended among others that: Guidance and counseling centers in the school should endeavour to channel efforts in the use of ICT for information retrieval, interpretation of students problems and as well as to report back to students.

[Ekechukwu, Rosemary, Amaeze, Fidelis Eze. Ict An Indispensable Tool In Effective Guidance/Counselling Services For Sustainable Educational Development In Secondary Schools In The 21st Century In Imo State, Nigeria. Rep Opinion 2016;8(8):27-33]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 6. doi:10.7537/marsroj080816.06.

 

Keywords: Indispensable Tool; Effective Guidance; Counselling Service; Sustainable Educational Development; Secondary School; Nigeria

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7

Effect of self-controlling and needed to being unique on attitude

 

Hossein Hayati Bahadoran1, Mahdieh Boloki2, Fatemeh Dare Zereshki (corresponding author)3

 

1department of Accounting, Yazd branch, Islamic Azad university, Yazd, Iran.

2department of governmental management, Yazd branch, Islamic Azad university, Yazd, Iran.

3department of financial management, Yazd branch, Islamic Azad university, Yazd, Iran.

 

Abstract: Luxury goods are selling very well worldwide. The important issue is what drives consumers to buy luxury goods and how much the main drivers for consumers to buy luxury brands change through culture. The research population consisted of buyers of Apple mobile phones in Yazd. The sample included 161 people who were selected though convenience random sampling. This was an applied, descriptive, comparative, correlative study. The analysis unit was the individuals, and regarding time, it was a cross-sectional study. Data were collected through survey and questionnaires and analyzed using PLS Smart. Results showed that the need for uniqueness has a positive significant effect on the self-expression attitude, the self-expression attitude has a positive and significant effect on the emotional attitude, and the emotional attitude has a positive and significant effect on purchase intention.

[Hossein Hayati Bahadoran, Mahdieh Boloki, Fatemeh Dare Zereshki. Effect of self-controlling and needed to being unique on attitude. Rep Opinion 2016;8(8):34-39]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 7. doi:10.7537/marsroj080816.07.

 

Key word: Luxury goods, emotional attitude, self-expression, PLS.

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8

Distance Education for adult

 

Mehran Bozorgmanesh

 

Damavand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damavand, Iran

E-mail: mehran11070@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Distance education is education designed for learners who live at a distance from the teaching institution or education provider. It is the enrollment and study with an educational institution that provides organized, formal learning opportunities for students. Presented in a sequential and logical order, the instruction is offered wholly or primarily by distance study, through virtually any media. Historically, its predominant medium of instruction has been printed materials, although non-print media is becoming more and more popular. It may also incorporate or make use of videotapes, CD or DVD ROM’s, audio recordings, facsimiles, telephone communications, and the Internet through e-mail and Web-based delivery systems. When each lesson or segment is completed, the student makes available to the school the assigned work for correction, grading, comment, and subject matter guidance by qualified instructors. Corrected assignments are returned to the student. This exchange fosters a personalized student-instructor relationship, which is the hallmark of distance education instruction. istorically, most distance education courses were vocational in nature, but today courses are offered for academic, professional, and avocational purposes for students of all ages. There are numerous specialized programs, such as those for blind persons and for parents of small children with hearing impairments.

[Mehran Bozorgmanesh. Distance Education for adult. Rep Opinion 2016;8(8):40-44]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 8. doi:10.7537/marsroj080816.08.

 

Keywords: Distance Education, E-learning; adult

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9

Assessment and analysis of liberalism theme in poems of the Constitutional (Mashruteh) era

 

G. A. Zare 1, H. R. Rezaee 2, K. N. Mohammad-Poor 3

 

1. Medical Science University of Golestan, Golestan Province, Iran

2. Payam-Noor University, Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

3. Payam-Noor University, Golestan Branch, Golestan Province, Iran

hrrezaee@yahoo.co.uk

 

Abstract: Liberalism was one of the outstanding themes of Persian poems in the Constitutional (Mashruteh) era. The concept of liberty by the poets of this era was different from that in past eras previous. It is obvious that the concept “liberty” mentioned in the Iranian contemporary poems has never been fulfilled. “Liberalism” in the poems of this era mainly referred to social liberties. To prevent misunderstandings about the limitations of liberty, they mainly suggested law-abidance. Based on the modern concept of “liberty”, the most significant characteristics of liberalism in poems of the Constitutional era were: a) Anti-dictatorship: Dictatorship is opposite of the freedom. Thus, one of the characteristics of the poems of the Constitutional era was rejecting dictatorship and fighting with dictators. b) Law-supporting: The object of supporting law in poems of the Constitutional era was organizing the concepts of liberty. Law in its modern concept related to society and the human social life. One of the main aspects of law-supporting in the era was emphasizing the role f people in legislation. c) Women’s liberty: Another aspect of liberalism in the Constitutional poem was women’s liberty. It was mainly based upon three components: freedom in social participations, education, and removal of veil. d) Freedom of the press: It was considered another aspect of liberty. Many poets of the Constitutional era considered freedom of the press as one of the social rights of people and composed some poems in its support.

[G. A. Zare, H. R. Rezaee, K. N. Mohammad-Poor. Assessment and analysis of liberalism theme in poems of the Constitutional (Mashruteh) era. Rep Opinion 2016;8(8):45-55]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 9. doi:10.7537/marsroj080816.09.

 

Keywords: Liberty; Anti-dictatorship; Law-supporting; Women’s liberty; Freedom of the press

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10

China’s Energy Strategy (By emphasize on Middle East)

 

Ahmad Saei (Ph.D), Ghasem Toraby

 

Department of International Relation, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

ghasemtoraby@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: China is a vast and overpopulated country in the eastern Asia whose energy security and supply is the most important factor of economic growth and consequently, economic, social and political security. By the past decades, its leaders have understood the key role of economic growth and development in the economic and political security of china. Thus, they have put all their concentration on this issue. As a result, the economic growth rate of china has amounted to 10 percent, becoming the foremost element of political and social stability of china. On the other hand, maintaining this high growth rate depends on the energy security and any disturbance in energy field not only stops the economic growth but also makes the ground for the economic, political and social crisis. As a result, maintaining the energy security is of the importance in strategic goals and foreign policy priorities of the state. Thus, the statesmen tries to prioritize certain polices in domestic and foreign realm in order to increase the energy security namely; diversification of fuel sources, focusing on the domestic products, concentrating on efficiency, establishing  strategic reservoirs and investing in oil-owned countries. The aim of this article is evaluating the realization of these policies.

[Ahmad Saei, Ghasem Toraby. China’s Energy Strategy (By emphasize on Middle East). Rep Opinion 2016;8(8):56-64]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 10. doi:10.7537/marsroj080816.10.

 

Keywords: energy security, new energies, strategic reservoirs, diversification, energy efficiency

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11

The New Prime theorems441-490

 

Jiang, Chun-Xuan

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com, jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: Using Jiang function we are able to prove almost all prime problems in prime distribution.This is the Book proof. In this paper using Jiang function  we prove that the new prime theorems (441)-490) contain infinitely many prime solutions and no prime solutions.From(6) we are able to find the smallest solution . This is the Book theorem.

[Jiang, Chun-Xuan. The New Prime theorems441-490. Rep Opinion 2016;8(8):65-117]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 11. doi:10.7537/marsroj080816.11.

 

Keywords: new; prime theorem; Jiang Chunxuan

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