[an error occurred while processing this directive]

 

 

Science Journal

 

Report and Opinion

(Rep Opinion)

ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online), doi prefix: 10.7537, Monthly

Volume 8 - Issue 9, Cumulated 87, September 25, 2016

Cover (jpg), Cover (pdf), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers

 

You can use the message in end of the article abstract to cite it.

To get Microsoft Documents: After you open the "Full Text" for each article, change the last 3 characters of the web address from .pdf to .doc (or .docx)

Welcome to send your manuscript to: sciencepub@gmail.com

When you submit manuscript(s), please mention that it is submitted to Report and Opinion

Marsland Press, PO Box 180432, Richmond Hill, New York 11418, USA, 347-321-7172

http://www.sciencepub.net/report

CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Optimizing Databases for High Performance and Efficiency

 

Bisallah Hashim Ibrahim1, Atumoshi Adamu Yusuf2

 

1Department of Computer, University of Abuja, Nigeria. hbisallah@gmail.com

2Department of Computer, University of Abuja, Nigeria. atumoshi@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Over the years, the database administrator’s job has continued to grow more challenging. DBAs have always had complex and stressful jobs, but recently they have needed to confront the following trends: New Platforms - Most DBAs manage at least two different database platforms and many are responsible for three or more. This challenge is made even more complicated by a mix of operating systems. Added Complexity - Database giants say their database engines are “self-managed”. While it is true that management improvements continue to be made, database software is escalating in complexity and there is much to learn, understand, and master with each new database release. More Data - The need for more data and more space relentlessly increases and databases continue to expand, both in size and number, adding more burdens for the DBA. This paper will outline techniques used to streamline and automate the management of these critical areas so as to deliver high database performance and availability.

[Bisallah H I, Atumoshi A Y. Optimising Databases for High Performance And Efficiency. Rep Opinion 2016;8(9):1-5]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 1. doi:10.7537/marsroj080916.01.

 

Keywords: Database, Performance, Efficiency, DBA, Analyst

Full Text

1

2

Error Analysis in Writing Tasks of Saudi EFL Students

 

- Dr. Sobhana Nandyal Panduranga

 

Department of English, College of Sciences & Arts, Samtah campus, Jazan University, Jizan, KSA

sobhananandyal@gmail.com

 

Abstract: ‘Error analysis’ is the field that deals with the actual errors and tries to describe them in linguistic terms and explain some of the probable sources of errors which provide an understanding of the underlying process of second language acquisition. The purpose of this current study was to assess, describe and analyze the errors committed by Saudi EFL students of Jazan University. The investigator has followed the methodology of error analysis suggested by Corder (1973). It involved recognition of errors, description of errors and explanation of errors in terms of their sources and evaluation of errors. For this purpose, a test in writing has been administered on the sample of the study. The participants comprised of 100 undergraduate students of Department of English, Girls’ Samtah campus, Jazan University. The data was analyzed in percentages on the frequency of errors. The students have committed interlingual and intralingual errors while writing in English. The findings from this study indicated that the participants do not have the desired knowledge in morphology and syntax of English language to perform well in writing tasks. Findings of error analysis function as facilitator in their language teaching in many ways only if the teacher is aware of them and able to make use of them in the teaching process appropriately. A structured interview was conducted for 10 English teachers to know the reasons behind students’ problems and find out solutions to overcome problems while writing in English. English language teachers should take the responsibility to motivate the students in a way to create interest towards learning English and be a stress free environment. They are requested to take steps to diagnose the different kinds of errors committed by students so as to improve their proficiency in English. Orientation programs and refresher courses should be conducted to all the English language teachers in the university.

[Sobhana Nandyal Panduranga. Error Analysis in Writing Tasks of Saudi EFL Students. Rep Opinion 2016;8(9):6-18]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 2. doi:10.7537/marsroj080916.02.

 

Key Words: Error analysis, interlingual errors, intralingual errors, EFL

Full Text

2

3

Phytotoxic Potentials Of Aqueous Extract Of Chromolaena Odorata Against Mycotoxigenic Agents Of Yam Tubers After Harvest.

 

Ijato, J.Y

 

Department Of Plant Science, Faculty Of Science, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti P.M.B 5363, Ekiti State, Nigeria

E-mail: considerureternity@gmail.com. GSM: 08067335124

 

Abstract: The present investigation revealed Botryodiplodia theobromae, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus glaucus as causes of post­-harvest rot disease of yam tubers on the bases of pathogenicity test. Hot extracts of 10g, 30g and 50g /100ml of Chromolaena odorata inhibited Aspergillus flavus to 92.19%, 92.19% and 97.77% respectively, while 20g and 40g/100ml inhibited Aspergillus glaucus to 95.56% and 92.22% respectively. 10g, 40g and 50g/100ml of cold extract of C. odorata inhibited Aspergillus niger to 98.08%, 96.69% and 96.92% while 20g/100ml concentration inhibited B. theobromae to 96.86% and the least inhibited being Aspergillus flavus (93.31%). 30g and 40g/100ml concentration of C. odorata inhibited Aspergillus flavus to 89.97% and 98.89% respectively, while Aspergillus niger (96.16%) was least inhibited. Cold aqueous extract of C. odorata at 50g/100ml inhibited B theobromae by 95.24%. Both hot and cold extracts of C. odorata were found to be very potent against yam tuber rot pathogens. These serve as preferred alternatives to chemicals which usually have negative effects on the environment.

[Ijato, J.Y. Phytotoxic Potentials Of Aqueous Extract Of Chromolaena Odorata Against Mycotoxigenic Agents Of Yam Tubers After Harvest. Rep Opinion 2016;8(9):19-22]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 3. doi:10.7537/marsroj080916.03.

 

Keyword: cold and hot aqueous extracts, rot pathogens, yam tubers, pathogenicity.

Full Text

3

4

Results of Research on Astrophysics (Inventions of A New Hypothetical Model of Cosmology & Global Monsoon Time Scale)

 

Gangadhara Rao Irlapati

 

H.No.5-30-4/1, Saibaba Nagar, Jeedimetla, Hyderabad – 500 055, Telangana State, INDIA

Public Service Commission, Andhra Pradesh, India

Email ID: scientistgangadhar@gmail.com

 

Abstract: I have conducted many studies on astrophysical sciences and proposed many inventions which can help to study astrophysical sciences. A new Hypothetical Model of cosmology by which we can study the origin, structure, nature and evaluation of the universe and the other is Global Monsoon Time Scale by which we can study the relationship in between the around the sun and its influence on the earth’s weather in formation of the Global Monsoons.

[Gangadhara Rao Irlapati. Results of Research on Astrophysics (Inventions of A New Hypothetical Model of Cosmology & Global Monsoon Time Scale). Rep Opinion 2016;8(9):23-51]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 4. doi:10.7537/marsroj080916.04.

 

Keywords: Research; Astrophysics; Inventions; Hypothetical Model; Cosmology; Global Monsoon Time Scale

Full Text

4

5

Application and Comparison of Altman and Ohlson Models to Predict Bankruptcy of Companies

 

Mani Shehni Karamzadeh

 

Multimedia University, Faculty of Management, Malaysia

e-mail: mani1071@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: Environment fluctuation and increasing competitiveness between corporations lead to make the achievement of proper benefit more difficult. Therefore, financial decision making received more attention compare to previous decades and it forces managers to apply novel techniques and methods in order to make excellent decisions. This study tries to investigate the application Altman and Ohlson models as two of these techniques. To achieve this goal companies from Tehran Stock Exchange are chosen because there are standard financial statements for corporations in Tehran Stock Exchange and also the data is accessible.

[Mani Shehni Karamzadeh. Application and Comparison of Altman and Ohlson Models to Predict Bankruptcy of Companies. Rep Opinion 2016;8(9):52-55]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 5. doi:10.7537/marsroj080916.05.

 

Keywords: Altman Model, Ohlson Model, Bankruptcy, Tehran Stock Exchange

Full Text

5

6

Comparing between Traditional Degrees and online degrees

 

Mohaddaseh Nazarpoor

 

Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran

E-mail: m_nazar@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The base of available information technology resources is increasing with dramatic speed. Much has been learned about connecting various forms of technology into systems, so that the ability to link systems is growing. Most distance learning systems are hybrids, combining several technologies, such as satellite, ITFS, microwave, cable, fiber optic, and computer connections. Technology transports information, not people. Distances between teachers and students are bridged with an array of familiar technology as well as new information age equipment. What sets today's distance education efforts apart from previous efforts is the possibility of an interactive capacity that provides learner and teacher with needed feedback, including the opportunity to dialogue, clarify, or assess. Advances in digital compression technology may greatly expand the number of channels that can be sent over any transmission medium, doubling or even tripling channel capacity. Technologies for learning at a distance are also enlarging our definition of how students learn, where they learn, and who teaches them. No one technology is best for all situations and applications.

[Mohaddaseh Nazarpoor. Comparing between Traditional Degrees and online degrees. Rep Opinion 2016;8(9):56-61]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 6. doi:10.7537/marsroj080916.06.

 

Keywords: Online Degrees, Traditional Degrees, distance education

Full Text

6

7

Chaotic behavior in Flexible Assembly Line of Manufacturing System

 

Fahad Al Mufadi, Mohammad Sajid, Mirza Jahanzaib1, Syed Athar Masood2

 

1Mechanical Engineering Department,College of Engineering, Qassim University,

Saudi Arabia, mirza@qec.edu.sa

2National University of Science & Technology Islamabad, Pakistan

 

Abstract: Chaos theory has been applied in manufacturing systems in the recent years. An investigation has been done on chaotic behavior of assembling system. The assembly line is flexible which can accommodate variety of product types. An algorithm is proposed and a model developed is implemented on real life data in which analysis is performed to obtain time persistent data. The behavior of the system is observed for work in process as this is sensitive in the process. It has been found that the flexible assembly line exhibits chaotic behavior by showing that the computed average Lyapunov exponent is positive.

[Fahad Al Mufadi, Mohammad Sajid, Mirza Jahanzaib, Syed Athar Masood. Chaotic behavior in Flexible Assembly Line of Manufacturing System. Rep Opinion 2016;8(9):62-65]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 7. doi:10.7537/marsroj080916.07.

 

Keywords: Flexible assembly line; Chaos; Lyapunov exponent

Full Text

7

8

Relationship between the Communicative Skills of the Managers and the Employees' Self-management

 

Majid Jahangir Fard 1 Mansoureh Hosseini 2,

 

1. Assistant Professor, Academic Member of Azad Islamic University of Firouzkooh, Management Dept

1. MSc. student, Azad Islamic University of Firouzkooh, Management Dept

man_hosseini@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: One of the most important factors of the productivity management is to proper and desirable use of the system's available resources including human resources, materials, machineries, money, technology, information, market, so on. But the missing point among these resources is self-management or management upon the self that is usually ignored or forgotten in the literature. Attention to self- management of management of the human resources' upon themselves has a critical importance for the organization. The main purpose of this research is to identify and study the relationship between the communicative skills of the managers and the self- management of the employees. This research is a case study on the Iranian Trade Promotion Organization. Regarding its objective, this research is a practical study and regarding its nature, it is a descriptive- correlative one. Statistical population of the research includes 824 persons among which, 250 persons were selected through random sampling method. After gathering and analyzing the data by Spearman's Correlation Test, it was found that there is a relationship between all indexes of managers' communicative skills and the self- management of the employees of Iranian Trade Promotion Organization.

[Majid Jahangir Fard, Mansoureh Hosseini. Relationship between the Communicative Skills of the Managers and the Employees' Self-management. Rep Opinion 2016;8(9):66-71]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 8. doi:10.7537/marsroj080916.08.

 

Keywords: Audio Communication, Communicative Skills, Feedback Communication, Non- verbal Communication, Self- management, Verbal Communication

Full Text

8

9

Comparison of Three Methods of Face to Face and On Line Teaching and a Combination of These Two Methods in Learning Science on Junior High School Students

 

Raheleh Ghazi Ardakani1, Madine Alikhani2, Fatemeh soltani3

 

1Industrial Management, Ardakan Branch, Islamic Azad University, ardakan, Iran

2Education and Training Employee, Koohrang, Iran

3Industrial Management Institution, Ardakan, Iran

 

Abstract: The purpose of this study was comparison between two face-to-face and virtual teaching methods and combination of these two methods in learning science. Using cluster sampling, three classes with 20 students in each class from the students of first grade of Tehran city's junior high schools was chosen, and for 45 days, each of the experimental variables ran on them. The experimental pre-test - post-test method was used to collect data. Data analysis was performed using T test and ANOVA. Results showed that there is no significant difference between the virtual and face-to-face methods (t=0.41) and variance analysis showed there is a difference between the three educational methods, face-to-face, virtual and the mixture (F=7.008). There are also differences in the survival rate of learning in three ways (F=6.78). HSD test results showed that students had a better performance in learning science with the combinational method rather than two other methods and the survival rate of the learned contents is better too.

[Raheleh Ghazi Ardakani, Madine Alikhani, Fatemeh soltani. Comparison of Three Methods of Face to Face and On Line Teaching and a Combination of These Two Methods in Learning Science on Junior High School Students. Rep Opinion 2016;8(9):72-77]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 9. doi:10.7537/marsroj080916.09.

 

Keywords: face-to-face learning, virtual learning, combined learning

Full Text

9

10

Study of Sodium bicarbonate and Sodium chloride in Bakeries of Isfahan-Iran

 

Mohmmad Reza Rezaiimofrad1, Fatemeh Rangraz Jeddi2, Hamed Haddad Kashani3, Zohreh Azarbad3*, Amin Assarian4

 

1Environmental Health Engineering Department, Kashan University of Medical Sciences

2Health Information Technology and Management Department, Kashan University of Medical Sciences

3Anatomical Sciences Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

4Pharmacy Faculty, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Email: Azarbad_zo@kaums.ac.ir.

 

Abstract: Background: Bread is a valuable source of proteins, minerals and calories. Baking soda (Sodium bicarbonate) prevents the absorption and digestion of bread and more salt (Sodium chloride) used in production of bread also causes different diseases. Considering the scarcity of studies done on small towns and rural areas, this study was conducted to determine the amount of soda and salt in bakeries of Isfahan-Iran. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on 50 bakeries of Isfahan district during 2009-10. A total number of 400 samples were randomly collected from all bakeries in four steps (two loaves from first batch) which then sent to the laboratory. None of the bakers had knowledge of the research intention during sampling and samples were taken in random days. The measurement of pH and salt was done in accordance with the standard method of Institute of Standard and Industrial Research of Iran (ISIRI, 1999). The standard pH <6.2 indicative of no consumption of baking soda in bread and salt less than 2 g / 100 g was considered as the reference. Data were analyzed using Chi-square. Results: The pH less than 6.2 was seen in 91.5% of samples. Most pH above 6.2 was in Lavash bread (12.5%). In 64.5% of samples, the amount of salt was more than the standard. Yeast was used in 80% of bakeries. Also the least amount of yeast was used in dried bread (66. 7%). Moreover, the results indicated that there is a significant difference between the amount of baking soda consumption and the season and between the type of bread and the salt consumption (P<0.002). Conclusion: It could be concluded that the amount of baking soda used in the bakeries of this study was not high; bakers either had no enough knowledge about the amount of salt used for production of bread or had more other reasons to use salt more or less than the standard. Therefore, drastic measures to control the amounts of baking soda and salt in bakeries are recommended.

[Mohmmad Reza Rezaiimofrad, Fatemeh Rangraz Jeddi, Hamed Haddad Kashani, Zohreh Azarbad, Amin Assarian. Study of Sodium bicarbonate and Sodium chloride in Bakeries of Isfahan-Iran. Rep Opinion 2016;8(9):78-82]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 10. doi:10.7537/marsroj080916.10.

 

Keywords: Baking soda (Sodium bicarbonate), Salt (Sodium chloride), Bread, Bakeries

Full Text

10

11

Relevance of ERP Implementation and Critical Success Factors in SMEs of Developing Countries

 

Majid Aarabi *, Muhamad Zameri Mat Saman, Kuan Yew Wong, Shahab Shariatmadari

 

Department of Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malasyia, Skudai 81310, Johor, Malaysia

majidnp@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with their crucial role in generating employment and supporting trade are encountering numerous challenges. Meanwhile, towards to stay alive in a competitive edge in today’s dynamic business environment, SMEs are improving their usage of information systems (IS) and increasingly implementing of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. However, successful implementation and utilization of ERP systems requires adequate attention to a proper and comprehensive implementation framework and considering of significant critical success factors (CSFs) in implementation phases. Expert panel with ten experts and interview instrument was conducted in this research. This study aims to contribute three major goals: to find the required characteristics of SMEs' framework and then propose a conceptual framework and seek the relevance of critical success factors (CSFs) along the four phases of proposed framework for implementation of ERP systems in SMEs of developing countries. These findings aim to saturate the proposed frameworks that can help SMEs of developing countries towards improving the ERP implementation success rate. The case study in Iranian SMEs was used to validation of the final proposed framework.

[Aarabi A, Zameri M, Wong KY, Shariatmadari S. Relevance of ERP Implementation and Critical Success Factors in SMEs of Developing Countries. Rep Opinion 2016;8(9):83-92]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 11. doi:10.7537/marsroj080916.11.

 

Keywords: Enterprise resource planning; small and medium-sized enterprises; critical success factors; conceptual framework; developing countries

Full Text

11

12

Distance Education and e-learning in adult education

 

Mostafa Emami

 

Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran

E-mail: mostafa_emami@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Distance education can be used for some aspects of most disciplines. For example, several institutions of higher education already have developed certificate programs, undergraduate programs, and graduate programs in health and physical education that are delivered using distance education methods. Eastern Oregon University, Emporia State University, Kutztown University, LaSalle University, the Medical College of Wisconsin, University of Wisconsin at Stevens Point, and Virginia Tech are among institutions integrating distance technology into their physical education programsDistance education is education designed for learners who live at a distance from the teaching institution or education provider. It is the enrollment and study with an educational institution that provides organized, formal learning opportunities for students. Presented in a sequential and logical order, the instruction is offered wholly or primarily by distance study, through virtually any media.

[Mostafa Emami. Distance Education and e-learning in adult education. Rep Opinion 2016;8(9):93-97]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 12. doi:10.7537/marsroj080916.12.

 

Keywords: Distance Education, E-learning

Full Text

12

The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from September 1, 2016

All comments are welcome: sciencepub@gmail.com

For back issues of the Report and Opinion, click here.

Emails: reportopinion@gmail.com; editor@sciencepub.net; sciencepub@gmail.com  

Welcome to send your manuscript(s) to: editor@sciencepub.net

You are encouraged to cite papers published by journal!

Marsland Press: http://www.sciencepub.net

 Marsland Press, PO Box 180432, Richmond Hill, New York 11418, USA. 347-321-7172

 

 

© 2016 Marsland Press

Terms of Service  |  Privacy Policy  |

© 2016 Marsland Press