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Science Journal

 

Report and Opinion

(Rep Opinion)

ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online), doi prefix: 10.7537, Monthly

Volume 8 - Issue 12, Cumulated 90, December 25, 2016

 Cover (jpg), Cover (pdf), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers

 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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1

Comparing two methods of lecture and training package on responsibility and knowledge of middle school girls

 

Simin Siri1, Narges Siri2

 

1.  Teacher of Natural Science, Master of Health Education, Tarbiat Modarres University

2.  Chemistry teacher, Master of Chemistry, Payam Noor University of Qom

sirisimin@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Objective: This study was conducted to study the influence of the Ministry of Health closed much of global educational accountability middle school students in Chabahar and finally comparing the efficacy of the teaching methods of lectures and conducted face to face with the film. Methods: This quasi-experimental study with two groups of 96 subjects in this study were all between the ages of 12 to 17-year bracket are second and third tips. Initial information from the demographic (birth order, family size, parental educational level, occupation and location of housing) was determined through questionnaires. Then, subjects related to the question of self-esteem, safety, belonging to the school, home-school sense of responsibility and accountability) responded. Findings: The present study is one of the indicators of demographic variables (family size), education level of parents, there is no significant relationship between birth order and responsibility. Belonging to the relationship between the school and there is a significant responsibility. Conclusion: It is important that students feel that they belong to the school and the community it feel to know that part of it and feel safe in that environment, giving them opportunities to express their opinions organized and opportunity to make decisions beneficial to them to learn to accept the consequences of their choice. The increased accountability will be awarded to the school so attractive school environment and communicate effectively in a supportive environment will play an important role in this regard.

[Simin Siri, Narges Siri. Comparing two methods of lecture and training package on responsibility and knowledge of middle school girls. Rep Opinion 2016;8(12):1-5]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 1. doi:10.7537/marsroj081216.01.

 

Keywords: Mental health indicators, Self-esteem, Responsibility

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2

Left atrial Volume Index And Plasma NT-proANP Level In Patients with Acute ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

 

Mohsen Salama1, Yasser Elsayed1, Ahmed Fathy2 and Ahmed Barhom3

 

1 Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Egypt.

2 Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Egypt.

3Cardiology Resident - Matarya Teaching Hospital, Egypt.

dr.a.barhom@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) -especially acute myocardial infarction - is one of the leading causes of death in our country. acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with ischemia-induced progressive myocardial damage leading to ventricular dysfunction. The decrease in ventricular compliance causes left atrial dilatation and stretching of the atrial myocardium, which are the main stimuli for the secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide. Objective: To evaluate left atrial volume index (LAVI) and plasma NT-proANP level in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Material and methods: A study done in Cardiology Department, Matarya Teaching Hospital that included 40 subjects, including 20 patients of acute STEMI and 20 healthy individuals. Plasma a trial natriuretic peptide was measured at admission. Left ventricular function, diameter, LAVI were evaluated using transthoracic echocardiography. left atrial volume were measured in apical four chamber view by using the modified Simpson method in end-systole before mitral valve opening. The LAVI was obtained for all patients by dividing the LA volume by the BSA. Using Doppler echo imaging system (GE Company, Vivid S5) equipped with a 1.7/3.4-MHz imaging transducer in Matarya Teaching hospital, 3-5 cardiac cycles were assessed per view and measurements represent the average of at least 3 measurements. Results: The left atrial volume index was increased in patients with acute myocardial infarction compared with that in controls (20.76 7.37 vs. 15.466.08 p=0.017). Plasma NT-proANP in patients with acute STEMI was elevated compared to controls (742 637.52 vs. 353.7 304.38 p=0.019). An independent correlation between the left atrial volume index and the plasma atrial natriuretic peptide level (p=0.011). Conclusion: The left atrial volume index and plasma atrial natriuretic peptide level were correlated in patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction.

[Mohsen Salama, Yasser Elsayed, Ahmed Fathy and Ahmed Barhom. Left atrial Volume Index And Plasma NT-proANP Level In Patients with Acute ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Rep Opinion 2016;8(12):6-11]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 2. doi:10.7537/marsroj081216.02.

 

Keywords: Myocardial infarction, atrial volume, atrial natriuretic peptide

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3

Assessment of Ambient Air Pollution and its Impact on Biochemical Properties of Selected Plant Species in Haridwar India

 

Sangeeta Madan*, Monali Joshi, Chanchal Verma

 

Department of Environmental Sciences, Gurukul Kangri University, Haridwar, Uttarakhand 249401, India

snmadan21@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The present study was conducted to assess the ambient air quality of Haridwar city, Uttarakhand, India. Dust load and biochemical characteristics of plants (pH, ascorbic acid, relative water content and total chlorophyll) were analyzed in order to determine air pollution tolerance index. Ambient air quality was analyzed in terms of suspended particulate matter (72-202 g/m3), respirable particulate matter (67-135 g/m3), SO2 (4-6 g/m3) and NO2 (4-12 g/m3). The dust load of the leaf surface of Polyalthia longifolia was 0.048-0.47gm/m2 and in Mangifera indica was 0.07-0.68gm/m2. Biochemical parameters of Polyalthia longifolia were recorded as pH (5.73-6.77), relative water content (53.12-69.07%), chlorophyll (1.35-2.53mg/gm), ascorbic acid (1.39-3.80 mg/gm). However in case of Mangifera indica biochemical properties were observed as pH (6.03-6.86), relative water content (61.32-74.39%), chlorophyll (2.02-3.52mg/gm), ascorbic acid (2.32-4.83mg/gm). Air pollution tolerance index for Polyalthia longifolia was observed as 6.98-10.25 and 8-12.45 for Mangifera indica.

[Madan S, Joshi M, Verma C. Assessment of Ambient Air Pollution and Its Impact on Biochemical Properties of Selected Plant Species in Haridwar India. Rep Opinion 2016;8(12):12-15]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 3. doi:10.7537/marsroj081216.03.

 

Keywords: Air quality; air pollution tolerance index; biochemical parameters; forest

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A comparative study of the psychological aspects of sexual problems among married men dependent to drug use and normal married men in Tehran City

 

Zohreh Jafari Nobakht1, Afsaneh Boostan2

 

1. MSc of Family Counseling, Islamic Azad University of Roodehen, Tehran, Iran

2. Assistant Professor of Family Counseling, Islamic Azad University of Roodehen, Tehran, Iran

mzjafari881@gmail.com

 

Abstract: With a realistic look at the problem of drug addiction and drug abuse can easily realize that substance abuse has existed for centuries and now almost no country is spared from the expansion of consumption of such materials. This study psychological aspects substance-related sexual problems between married men and married men was normal in Tehran City 2015-2016. Research project description of causal - comparative. The study population includes all married men linked to drug addiction treatment centers in Tehran who had been admitted to one of the men married non-addicted and normal in Tehran. The sampling method (voluntary) 150 (75 women and 75 men, married men with substance dependency normal married) referred to counseling centers were selected as statistical sample. Participants completed a questionnaire about sexual multifaceted and independent T-test was used to test the research hypotheses. T test results showed that the psychological aspects of sexual problems, there is a significant difference between the two groups. Posts psychological aspects of male sexual problems related to drugs is more than ordinary men.

[Zohreh Jafari Nobakht, Afsaneh Boostan. A comparative study of the psychological aspects of sexual problems among married men dependent to drug use and normal married men in Tehran City. Rep Opinion 2016;8(12):16-22]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 4. doi:10.7537/marsroj081216.04.

 

Keywords: Psychological aspects of sexual problems, drug dependency, addicts

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5

Growth Performance And Survival Of Clarias gariepinus Fingerlings Fed Local Smoked Fish Discarded Meal Based Diets

 

Effiong1, B.N and Alatise2, S.P.

 

1. Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria (Formerly of the Dept of Fisheries Technology, Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries Technology, New Bussa, Nigeria)

bartheffiong433@gmail.com; bartheffiong@yahoo.com, +234-7064520778

2. Department of Fisheries Technology, Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries Technology, New Bussa, Nigeria

 

Abstract: An experiment was conducted to examine the use of local smoked fish discarded meal (LSFDM) as substitute for imported fish meal (IFM) in practical diet of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. Five (5) diets of 40% crude protein containing smoked fish discarded meal varied at 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100% inclusion level were formulated. The Clarias gariepinus fingerlings with mean weight of 38.830.55g were fed at 5% body weight twice per day for 56 days. It was observed at the end of the feeding trial that 100% inclusion level of local smoked fish discarded meal gave the highest mean weight gain (MWG), mean final weight gain (FWG), and specific growth rate (SGR), 318g, 357.27g and 3.94g/day respectively. The feed conversion ratio of 0.96 was the best in diet 5 compared to other diets. There was significance difference (P<0.05) between the mean weight gain and the feed conversion ratio of fish fed local smoked fish discarded meal based diets. Based on the result, it could be concluded that 100% inclusion level of local smoked fish discarded meal based diet is feasible for Clarias gariepinus production.

[Effiong, B.N and Alatise, S.P. Growth Performance And Survival Of Clarias gariepinus Fingerlings Fed Local Smoked Fish Discarded Meal Based Diets. Rep Opinion 2016;8(12):23-25]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 5. doi:10.7537/marsroj081216.05.

 

Key words: Fish meal, replacement, catfish, production

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6

Mediating role of patience in the relationship between alcohol abstinence self-efficacy and subjective well-being among civil servants

 

Li Sha1, Li Tsingan1, Zhang Zenghuan2, Liu Xiaodong 3

 

1.Beijing Normal University, Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing 100875 China

2.Dianchi College of Yunnan University, Kunming 650000 China

3.China Criminal Police College Institute, Shenyang, 110035 China

E-mail: tsingan@126.com

 

Abstract: This study aimed to explore the relationships among alcohol abstinence self-efficacy, patience and subjective well-being. A total of 726 civil servants in Yunan Province anonymously completed the Alcohol Abstinence Self-Efficacy Scale, the Buddhist Patience Questionnaire, the Satisfaction With Life Scale, and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale. The results were as follows: (1) Withdrawal and urges (WU), Physical and other concerns (PO), Negative affect (NA), Social/Positive (SP) of alcohol abstinence self-efficacy were positively correlated with, patience of not retaliating harm (PRH), patience of the willing endurance of suffering (PES), and the patience developed from the thorough scrutiny of phenomena (PSP). and subjective well-being; three dimensions of patience were also positively correlated with subjective well-being; (2) Three dimensions of patience completely mediated the relationship between WU and subjective well-being, as well as partially mediated the relationship between PO and subjective well-being. Thus, patience plays a mediating role between alcohol abstinence self-efficacy and subjective well-being.

[Li Sha, Li Tsingan, Zhang Zenghuan, Liu Xiaodong. Mediating role of patience in the relationship between alcohol abstinence self-efficacy and subjective well-being among civil servants. Rep Opinion 2016;8(12):26-40]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 6. doi:10.7537/marsroj081216.06.

 

Key words: Patience, Alcohol Abstinence Self-efficacy, Subjective Well-being, Buddhism

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7

The New Prime theorems141-190

 

Chun-Xuan Jiang

 

P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, P. R. China

jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com

 

Abstract: Using Jiang function we prove that the new prime theorems (141)-190) contain infinitely many prime solutions and no prime solutions.

[Chun-Xuan Jiang. The New Prime theorems141-190. Rep Opinion 2016;8(12):51-91]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 7. doi:10.7537/marsroj081216.07.

 

Keywords: prime; theorem; function; number; new

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8

Effect Of Mulch Materials On The Growth And Yield Of Irrigated Tomatoes In Oke-Ibukun, Kogi State

Babalola T.S

 

Kabba College of Agriculture

 

Disison of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 205, Kabba, Kogi State Nigeria

pauloxti@yahoo.com, +2347030547750

 

Abstract: This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of three mulch materials on the growth and yield of three varieties of tomatoes during the 2015 and 2016 dry season. Mulch materials used are; Black polythene sheet (M1), Plant Residue (M2) and No mulch (M3). Tomato varieties considered include Harvester (V1), Bonny Best (V2) and Ibadan Local (V3). The experiment is a factorial experiment and was laid out in a randomized complete block design. The tomato plants were raised in the nursery for four weeks before transplanting to the field. In the field all agronomic practices were carried out and the following growth and yield data were collected; number of branches, number of leaves, plant height and weight of harvested fruit per plot. Data collected were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the means were separated using least significant difference. Result obtained shows that tomatoes varieties performed best at plots where Black polythene sheet (M1) was applied. The variety the gives the best yield performance is Bonny Best (V2). It was also observed that all the varieties studied did not perform in plots with No-mulch (M3). In conclusion, for dry season tomato production at Oke-Ibukun and environ the best variety is V2 while the best mulch material is M1. It is therefore recommended that farmers should cultivate V2 and adopt the use of M1 mulch materials in the area.

[Kabba College of Agriculture. Effect Of Mulch Materials On The Growth And Yield Of Irrigated Tomatoes In Oke-Ibukun, Kogi State Babalola T.S. Rep Opinion 2016;8(12):92-97]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 8. doi:10.7537/marsroj081216.08.

 

Key Words: Black polythene sheets Mulch, Plant residue, No-mulch, Tomato, Varieties

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9

Prevalence of calcific aortic valve stenosis in haemodialysis patients at AL Hussein University Hospital.

 

Ahmed Alaa Saad1, Sami H. Nooh2, Osama A. Khamis1, Magdy E. Mohamed1, Mohamed Abdelhafez1

 

1Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Al Azhar University, Egypt

2Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Al Azhar University, Egypt

drmohammed278@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Vascular calcification (VC) is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and associated with increased morbidity and mortality. This calcification starts to develop in the early stages of chronic kidney disease and is present in over 50% of patients at the time of dialysis commencement. The aim of this study is to assess the presence and extent of aortic valve calcification and stenosis in regular hemodialysis patients and chronic kidney disease patients and whether there is significant correlation between the age, Parathormonehormone (PTH), serum calcium, serum phosphorus, Ca x Ph product, cholesterol and triglycerides and these calcifications. The study was conducted on 100 individuals classified into three groups: 40 patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease on regular hemodialysis for more than six months (group A), 40 CKD patients in predialysis period (group B) and 20 persons of normal individuals as control group (group C). All patients and control were subjected to full medical history, full clinical examination and laboratory investigations including serum calcium, Ph, (intact Parathormone hormone iPTH, Ca x Ph product, total cholesterol and triglycerides. Also transthoracic echocardiography was done to assess the severity of aortic valve calcification and degree of calcification. The results of aortic valve calcification showed a high significant difference between A and C& B and C (P<0.01). In dialysis patients aortic valve calcification showed a significant correlation with age, duration of haemodialysis (p<0.01). In pre-dialysis patients, aortic valve calcification showed significant correlation with age (p<0.01). This study suggested increased incidence of vascular calcification in chronic kidney disease patients on regular hemodialysis and pre-dialysis in comparison to the same age and gender of the healthy individuals. Vascular calcification in CKD patients is a very complicated multifactorial process which needs further studies.

[Ahmed Alaa Saad, Sami H. Nooh, Osama A. Khamis, Magdy E. Mohamed, Mohamed Abdelhafez. Prevalence of calcific aortic valve stenosis in haemodialysis patients at AL Hussein University Hospital. Rep Opinion 2016;8(12):98-102]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 9. doi:10.7537/marsroj081216.09.

 

Key words: Chronic kidney disease, Aortic valve, calcification, vascular calcification, intact parathyroidhormone.

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10

Indigenous knowledge and modern knowledge: implications and necessities

 

Nahideh Erfannirad

 

Damavand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damavand, Iran

Email: saba11085@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: According to different definitions of indigenous knowledge, it is possible to count it as part of unique culture of each ecosystem or country and that is knowledge and findings which obtained through experience in order to be consistent with certain ecosystem conditions, and changed as part of social and productive culture of that society over time. This acknowledges, represent compatibility methods with nature and establishing reasonable relationship between human and his environment. And has complete harmony with principle of sustainable development, form this viewpoint. Main reason for inattention for Indigenous knowledge in third world countries is that colonist countries don't pay any attention to the peoples' knowledge and information in these countries and always have reminded the people of these colonized countries as a stubborn, superstitious and retrogressive people. On the other hand, the colonist countries attention to industrial productions and agriculture policies has caused to promote industrial and single product agriculture which will influence the Indigenous farmer's knowledge about different productions and will make it inconspicuous.

[Nahideh Erfannirad. Indigenous knowledge and modern knowledge: implications and necessities. Rep Opinion 2016;8(12):103-107]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 10. doi:10.7537/marsroj081216.10.

 

Keywords: indigenous knowledge, modern science

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Role of speckle tracking Echocadiography in differentiation between ischemic and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy

 

Ali Mohamed Al Ameen, Kamal Ahmed Marghany and Ahmed Ali Faheem

 

Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Egypt.

dr_afaheem@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Introduction: Different types of cardiomyopathies should be differentiated noninvasively as it carries therapeutic and prognostic purposes. Aim of the work: detect the role of speckle tracking echocardiography in differentiation between ischaemic and dilated cardiomyopathy. Material and methods: Eighty patients presented with recent history of dyspnea with depressed left ventricular systolic function (EF ≤ 40 %) subjected to speckle tracking echocardiography and myocardial perfusion imaging and results of patients were compared to results of coronary angiography which allows differentiation of the patients into two groups, group 1 Ischemic group and group 2 Non ischemic group. Results: there was statistically significant difference between the two groups as regard global and segmental longitudinal strain and strain rate parameters, GLS in group I (mean SD -10.68 2.7) versus (mean SD -5.85 1.41) in group II with P value < 0.001, and GLSR in group I (mean SD -0.93 0.16) versus (mean SD -0.68 0.12) in group II with P value < 0.001. Speckle tracking Echocardiography (GLS 17) has higher specificity 100 % with low sensitivity 52.5 % in diagnosing CAD. Conclusion: Speckle tracking echocardiography is considered a useful noninvasive tool for differentiation between ischemic and dilated cardiomyopathy with higher specificity and low sensitivity. Recommendations: The STE technique should be applied for patients with LV dysfunction for detection of CAD.

[Ali Mohamed Al Ameen, Kamal Ahmed Marghany and Ahmed Ali Faheem. Role of speckle tracking Echocadiography in differentiation between ischemic and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Rep Opinion 2016;8(12):108-113]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 11. doi:10.7537/marsroj081216.11.

 

Keywords: dilated cardiomyopathy –ischemic cardiomyopathy - ventricular function - speckle tracking echocardiography

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Assessment of neurological complications of acute ischemic stroke in Egyptian patients

 

Al Bahye Reda (1), Hossam Imam (2), Hussein Awad (3), Ahmed El Shaboury (4).

 

Professor of Neurology - Faculty of Medicine - Al-Azhar University (1) Assistant Professor of Neurology - Faculty of Medicine - Al-Azhar University (2) Lecturer of Neurology - Faculty of Medicine - Al-Azhar University(3), Neurology Resident (4). ahmed_elshaboury@icloud.com

 

Abstract: Background: Recent years have witnessed increasing recognition and interest in stroke as a major public health problem. Medical complications are also known to be common in stroke patients, although the implications of these complications have less frequently been studied. Aim of the work: the aim of this study is to estimate the incidence of post stroke neurological complications occurring within 3 months from the initial onset in a sample of Egyptian patients, with determination of incidence, most common complications and their possible risk factors. Material and methods: a prospective study done over a period of six months that included established cases of stroke diagnosed on the basis of clinical history, examination and neuroimaging, This is an observational hospital based study was done in university hospitals (Al-Hussien & Bab Alshaaria) of Neurology Department AL Azhar University and Arab Contractors Medical Center, during the period from July (2015) to December (2015). The data was analyzed using Chi-square test using SPSS (Statistical package for social science) software. Results: The present study was conducted on 84 patients and according to their gender they classified as 46 males (55 %) and 38 females (45%) with acute ischemic stroke, the most common complication was headache 25 cases 30% and it was common in posterior fossa lesions (cerebellar edema), followed by brain and cerebellar edema 23 cases 27% and age was an important factor for development of complications. Atrial fibrillation also, was the most powerful risk factor for developing hemorrhagic transformation Conclusion: post stroke neurologic complications are seen in the set of post-acute stroke phaseoweing to lake of definite treatment of acute ischemic stroke, little evidence-based data to guide management, mortality and lifelong morbidity, so, a teamwork specialized in the field of prevention of neurologic and non-neurologic of early or late complications in the setting of acute stroke phase to set optimum proper treatments, focus, widen the scope and differential diagnoses taking in consideration patient’s complaints, comorbid conditions and clinical presentation. Recommendations: Therefore, close monitoring of patients with acute ischemic stroke must be done in all patients who are admitted with stroke and efforts must be made to prevent these serious medical complications in order to properly manage such patients thereby decreasing the morbidity and mortality rate.

[Al Bahye Reda, Hossam Imam, Hussein Awad, Ahmed El Shaboury. Assessment of neurological complications of acute ischemic stroke in Egyptian patients. Rep Opinion 2016;8(12):114-129]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 12. doi:10.7537/marsroj081216.12.

 

Keywords: Stroke–Post-Ischemic Stroke complications-Brain Edema.

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