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Science Journal

 

Report and Opinion

(Rep Opinion)

ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online), doi:10.7537, Monthly

Volume 9 - Issue 1, Cumulated 91, January 25, 2017

Cover (jpg), Cover (pdf), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers

 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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1

Acinetobacter Infections in Intensive Care Unit Patients at Al Azhar University Hospitals in Cairo

 

Mohammed Shees Ahmed Shahhat1, Mohammed Abdelhamid Amin1, Mostafa Abdelhamid Hassan2, Raafat Zaher Abd El Rohman3 and Mohammed Nabil Mohammed1

 

1 Medical Microbiology and immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Al- Azhar University

2 Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Al- Azhar University

3 Medical Microbiology and immunology, Military Medical Academy

Mmasry77@Yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: The rising incidence of Acinetobacter infection in the ICU and in patients with immature or defective body defense system cause a great concern to all clinicians worldwide due to their extraordinary ability to develop resistance to multiple classes of antibiotics which limit array of the therapeutic options. Objectives: study the pattern of health care associated infections and antimicrobial susceptibility of Acinetobacter species in Intensive Care Units at Al Azhar University Hospitals in Cairo. Subjects and Methods: Samples collected from 200 infected patients in ICUs were subjected to direct microscopic examination and culture on blood and MacConkey's agar media. and further identification of oxidase negative Gram- negative bacilli to the species level by using VITEK 2 automated microbiology system. Susceptibility patterns were done by Modified Kirby Bauer disc-diffusion methods. Results: Out of 200 inpatients suffering from infections, 9 % (no=18) were found to be infected with Acinetobacter spp. It was responsible for 13.8% of Lower Respiratory Tract Infections, 8.3% of wound infections and 2.6% of Urinary Tract Infections. A. baumannii was the most predominant species (61.1%). Prolonged stay in Intensive Care Unite (p=0.03) and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (p=0.005) were significantly associated with Acinetobacter infections. The most effective antibiotics were imipinem (83.3%), Ofloxacin (16.7%) and amikacin (5.6%). Totally 55.5% (10/18 isolates) were found to be MDR Acinetobacter isolates. Conclusion and recommendations: Infection due to Acinetobacter has become a significant challenge to healthcare systems. Invasive procedures and prolonged stay in ICU as well as patients suffered from different underlying diseases are associated with higher rate of infection. Eradication of Acinetobacter spp. requires adherence to good infection control practices and prudent antibiotic use.

[Mohammed Shees Ahmed Shahhat, Mohammed Abdelhamid Amin, Mostafa Abdelhamid Hassan, Raafat Zaher Abd El Rohman and Mohammed Nabil Mohammed. Acinetobacter Infections in Intensive Care Unit Patients at Al Azhar University Hospitals in Cairo. Rep Opinion 2017;9(1):1-5]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 1. doi:10.7537/marsroj090117.01.

 

Key words: Acinetobacter spp., ICUs, mechanical ventilation, LRTIs, UTIs

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2

Nima Yushij and Tabari language

 

Hassan Rafiei

 

PhD student of Orientalism (Field of Iranian studies) State University of Yerevan, Armenia

Hrafiei3@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Tabari is the name one of the languages of Iran, And a branch of the Iranian languages North West. The language in the northern provinces of Iran (Especially the old territory Tabarestan). As a native language spoken by people from Mazandaran province Language Tabari is derived from the name of Tabaristan It is one of the few Iranian languages sub-language of Caspian And continue Parthian Pahlavi language. Language Tabari has a rich and extensive literature. Such that it can be famous book Marzban (Marzban Ben R. Ben Shrvyn- of princes Bavandi) Including fine works of classic literature. This book is written in the Tabari language. Linguists know the Tabari language is in Indo-European family. Tabari dialect of the first century of Islam has been extensive literature. Tabari language spoken in Iran. Nima Youshij in the last century also change the structure of Persian poetry. With his Tabari couplet words are forgetting the revival of native land was introduced as a poet capable of poetry. Nima Tabari couplet variety of different themes. Nima goal of poems, with Tabari language, certainly not entertainment Roja collection its one effect forNima also it is a Tanari culture.

[Hassan Rafiei. Nima Yushij and Tabari language. Rep Opinion 2017;9(1):6-10]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 2. doi:10.7537/marsroj090117.02.

 

Key words: Nima, Tabari, language, Mazanderan, Roja

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3

The relationship between cognitive factors of empowerment and organizational commitment

 

Mohsen Nasiri

 

MSc in Health Services Management, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

ssbahar456@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Building organizational commitment among employees is one of the important factors for ensuring organizational effectiveness. This is because committed employees can lead to favourable organizational outcomes. Based on the review of literature, it is observed that there are limited data on organizational commitment in education sector. Therefore, this study aims to examine the effects of three factors namely employee empowerment, teamwork, and employee training on organizational commitment in Malaysian higher education context. To fulfil the stated objective, the data were collected using an online survey from 242 employees at the public universities in northern Malaysia. The collected data were analysed on SPSS and structural equation modelling (SEM). The findings indicated that employee empowerment has a significant positive effect on organizational commitment. The effect of teamwork on organizational commitment was also found to be positive and statistically significant. Finally, the findings confirmed that employee training has a significant positive effect on organizational commitment. These findings are expected to provide beneficial suggestions for the management in higher education sector to improve organizational commitment among their employees by focusing on employee empowerment, training, and teamwork.

[Mohsen Nasiri. The relationship between cognitive factors of empowerment and organizational commitment. Rep Opinion 2017;9(1):11-16]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 3. doi:10.7537/marsroj090117.03.

 

Keywords: cognitive factors of empowerment, organizational commitment, Iran

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4

Assessment Of Genetic Diversity Among Achishuru Cowpea Type Land Races Using Simple Sequence Repeat Markers

 

Amos Cyrus1, Mohammed F. Ishiyaku2, Yusuf Mansir1, US Abdullahi1

 

1Department of Plant Science Faculty of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Nigeria

2Institute of Agricultural Research, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

amoscyruskin@gmail.com, +234-7031114820

 

Abstract: Most studies on cowpea in Nigeria are restricted to the mainstream cowpea germplasm with little attention in achishuru despite its age-long importance in the survival of over one million people of the mid central Nigeria. A total of twenty achishuru cowpea accessions where collected for genetic diversity studies, since little is known on the genetic architecture of the crop, six polymorphic simple sequence repeat primers, were used to ascertain the genetic diversity at the DNA level and the transferability of the primers within the collection. The twenty achishuru cowpea land races were discriminated into two clusters. Accessions in the first cluster comprised mostly of fourteen local beans types of the vulgaris specie that are characteristic kidney shape and rhomboid, the second cluster comprised mostly of the vigna genus types. The simple sequence repeat primer pairs of the achishuru cowpea accessions could successfully amplify DNA from the related wild relative in the present study. Furthermore, the six simple sequence repeat primer sets designed from the sequences of cowpea used in this study were able to amplified simple sequence repeat of beans type of the achishuru accessions which indicates the transferability of the primers. This study has characterized a genetic resource base from the accessions for cowpea improvement programs.

[Amos Cyrus, Mohammed F. Ishiyaku, Yusuf Mansir, US Abdullahi. Assessment Of Genetic Diversity Among Achishuru Cowpea Type Land Races Using Simple Sequence Repeat Markers. Rep Opinion 2017;9(1):17-22]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 4. doi:10.7537/marsroj090117.04.

 

Keyword: simple sequence repeat; achishuru; polymorphism; PCR; accessions

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5

Impact Of Social Media On Entrepreneurship Growth: A Case Of Lahore, Pakistan

 

Mahwish Zafar, Wajahat Shafiq, Shazia Kousar, Hummaira Qudsia Yousaf, Nadia Nasir

 

Assistant Professor at Superior University Lahore

Mahwish.zafar@superior.edu.pk, +923324817423, Wajahat.shafiq@gmail.com, Shazia.kousar@superior.edu.pk

humaira.yousaf@superior.edu.pk, Nadia.nasir@superior.edu.pk

 

Abstract: This manuscript has been written for the proven of the relationship of social media and entrepreneurship growth in Pakistan specifically in Lahore. This study raises different questions about the use of social media in the third world country, where technology and its literacy arrives late as compare to the rest of the world. The research was conducted to observe the difference between entrepreneur’s growth who are using social media for the promotion of the products & services, and who are not using. This study used regression analysis to investigate the impact of social media on entrepreneurial growth. The study clearly concluded that the companies of Lahore who are on social media are more popular among the masses as compare to those who are not using internet for the advertising purpose.

[Mahwish Zafar, Wajahat Shafiq, Shazia Kousar, Hummaira Qudsia Yousaf, Nadia Nasir. Impact Of Social Media On Entrepreneurship Growth: A Case Of Lahore, Pakistan. Rep Opinion 2017;9(1):23-30]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 5. doi:10.7537/marsroj090117.05.

 

Key words: Social media, Innovation, Customer relationship management, Entrepreneur`s business Growth, regression analysis.

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6

Space-time can only become science when it rises to the height of mathematics - Theory of everything: (1) the subluminal force (electromagnetism and weak force) and (2) superluminal force (gravity and strong force). The Greatest Gravity Discovery That Was Ever Made - Mathematical Theory Of Space-Time With SASC

 

Chun-Xuan. Jiang

 

China Aerospace Science And Technology Corporation

P. O. Box 142-206, Beijing 100854, P. R. China

jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: Using space-time ring we establish the mathematical theory of space-time with subluminal and superluminal coexistence (SASC). Using two methods we deduce the new gravitational formula. Tardyonic rotating motion produces the centrifugal force, but tachyonic rotating motion produces the centripetal force, that is gravity. Using it we establish the expansion theory of the universe and suggest the new universe model. We prove that in the universe there are no dark matter and no dark energy. New gravitational formula changes all that. Multiverse and gravitational waves do not exist. Theory of everything has the two forces: (1) the subluminal force (electromagnetism and weak force) and (2) superluminal force(gravity and strong force).

[Chun-Xuan. Jiang. Space-time can only become science when it rises to the height of mathematics - Theory of everything: (1) the subluminal force (electromagnetism and weak force) and (2) superluminal force (gravity and strong force). The Greatest Gravity Discovery That Was Ever Made - Mathematical Theory Of Space-Time With SASC. Rep Opinion 2017;9(1):31-39]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 6. doi:10.7537/marsroj090117.06.

 

Keywords: new gravitational formula, expansion theory of universe, new universe model.

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7

Synthesis and characterization of Mn doped ZnO nanomaterial

 

Dr jyostna chauhan1 Deepti Pateria2 Adil Aziz Khan

 

1. HOD Nanotechnology Rajiv Ganhi Techanical University, Bhopal (M.P.)

2 School of Studies in Physics and Astrophysics, Pt. RaviShankar Shukla University, Raipur-492010 (C.G.), India

EMAIL: jyotsnachauhan2006@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Mn doped ZnO particles have been synthesized using a chemical co-precipitation method. Characterization was carried out by XRD, FTIR, UV and PL Spectroscopy. The average crystallite sizes of the samples were calculated by using Debye- Scherrer's formula and were found to be in the nanoscale. In addition to this XRD results also indicate no extra impurity or secondary phases are observed. As the Mn doping increases the optical band gap decreases for the range of Mn doping reported 2.65 eV for Undoped Zno and 2.97eV for Mn doped Zno.

[Jyostna chauhan, Deepti Pateria, Adil Aziz Khan. Synthesis and characterization of Mn doped ZnO nanomaterial. Rep Opinion 2017;9(1):40-46]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 7. doi:10.7537/marsroj090117.07.

 

Key Words:, UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, nanocomposites, CBD

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8

Subjects and artistry of poetry Кhusayniy

 

Djurayeva Khusnigul Buriyevna

 

Teacher of “Uzbek language and methology” department of Tashkent, State Pedagogical University named after Nizami

 

Abstract: In present article attempt to open some sides of the person, an originality of poetry of poet-governor Khusayn Baykara - Khusayniy, the outstanding political figure, the active representative of the cultural, educational and literary environment of the end of XV and the beginnings of XVI century is undertaken. On the example of particular compositions of the poet creating both on Turkic, and on Persian languages, being based on hand-written and printing editions of the "Divana" made by the author and "Treatise Khusayn Baykara" the subjects, system of images, artistry of products of the contemporary and the close friend of the great poet Alisher Navoi, which creativity are investigated long years was exposed to not deserved criticism.

[Djurayeva Khusnigul Buriyevna. Subjects and artistry of poetry Кhusayniy. Rep Opinion 2017;9(1):47-49]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 8. doi:10.7537/marsroj090117.08.

 

Keywords: the manuscript, calligrapher, divan, treatise, a gazelle, love, the enemy (contender).

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9

Assessment Of Rational Use Of Antimicrobial In Food Animal At Gimbi Veterinary Clinic, West Wollega Zone Ethiopia

 

Nimota Fikadu, Misgana Duguma, Chala Mohammed, Dereje Abera,

 

School of Veterinary Medicine, Collage of Medical and Health Science, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia

Corresponding author: chalamohammed@wollegauniversity.edu.et

 

Abstract: The study was conducted from November 2015 to May 2016at Gimbi veterinary clinic, Western Ethiopia. Retrospective, cross-sectional and prospective study designs were used to assess rational drug use and the awareness of farmers regarding to rational use of antimicrobialsin food animals in and around Gimbi town. Three years data of 4069 animal patients were taken from case registration book for the retrospective study and 1002 animal patients encounters were randomly selected for the prospective study. Additionally, 80 farmers were interviewed to assess their awareness regarding rational use of drug. The average number of drugs prescribed per encounter was 1.59 with a maximum of 3 drugs prescribed for the past 3 years. The percentage of encounters in which antibiotics and anthelmintic were prescribed at Gimbi veterinary clinic were 1128/4069 (27.7%) and 802/4069 (19.7%) respectively and 2033/4069 (50%) of prescribed drugs were multi-drug combination. Among all patients that come to veterinary clinics during the study period, 846/4069 (20.8%) cases were treated with no diagnosis. The result of questionnaire interview indicated that, 30% of the farmers treat their animals by drugs purchased from different sources in the study area. As the study indicated that, majority of the livestock owners 52/80 (65%) and 48/80 (60%) of the respondents had no information regarding withdrawal period and drug resistance respectively. The longitudinal study shows that the average number of drugs per prescription at Gimbi veterinary clinic was 1.69with a maximum of 3 drugs. The percentage of encounters in which antibiotics andantihelmintics were prescribed at Gimbi veterinary clinic were 214/1002 (21.4%) and 153/1002 (15.3%) respectively where as611/1002 ( 61%) of prescribed drugs were multi-drug. Generally, there were nostandard veterinary treatment guideline and drug formulary at Gimbi veterinary clinic. Therefore, veterinary drugs used for treatment of food animals should be monitored to minimize residual effects and antimicrobial resistance in the area.

[Fikadu N, Duguma M, Mohammed C, Abera D. Assessment of rational use of antimicrobial in food animal at gimbi veterinary clinic, west wollega zone ethiopia. Rep Opinion 2017;9(1):50-57]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 9. doi:10.7537/marsroj090117.09.

 

Keywords: Gimbi, prospective, rational use, retrospective, Veterinary drugs

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10

Synthesis and characterization of Mn doped ZnO nanomaterial

 

Dr jyostna chauhan1, Deepti Pateria2†, Varsha R Mehto, Adil Aziz Khan

 

1. HOD Nanotechnology Rajiv Ganhi Techanical University, Bhopal (M.P.)

2 School of Studies in Physics and Astrophysics, Pt. Ravi Shankar Shukla University, Raipur-492010 (C.G.), India

jyotsnachauhan2006@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Mn doped ZnO particles have been synthesized using a chemical co-precipitation method. Characterization was carried out by XRD, FTIR, UV and PL Spectroscopy. The average crystallite sizes of the samples were calculated by using Debye- Scherrer's formula and were found to be in the nanoscale. In addition to this XRD results also indicate no extra impurity or secondary phases are observed. As the Mn doping increases the optical band gap decreases for the range of Mn doping reported 2.65 eV for Undoped Zno and 2.97eV for Mn doped Zno.

[Jyostna chauhan, Deepti Pateria, Varsha R Mehto, Adil Aziz Khan. Synthesis and characterization of Mn doped ZnO nanomaterial. Rep Opinion 2017;9(1):58-63]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 10. doi:10.7537/marsroj090117.10.

 

Keywords: UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, nanocomposites, CBD

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11

Arthroscopic-Assisted Reduction and Fixation of Uncomplicated Tibial Plateau Fractures

 

M. Salah Abdel Hafeez, MD1, El-Mohamady El-Gharib, MD1, Tharwat Abd El Ghany, MD2, Ahmed Mahmoud Abd El Hafez3

 

Professor of Orthopedic, Al – Azhar University Cairo-Egypt1

Assistant Professor of Orthopedic, Al – Azhar University Cairo-Egypt2

M.B.B.ch, M.SC. Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty of Medicine – Al-Azhar University Cairo-Egypt3

Email: ahmedabdelhafez0100@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: Arthroscopic reduction with internal fixation has long been recognized as a treatment option for select tibial plateau fractures. Benefits of direct visualization of chondral surface reduction, diagnosis and treatment of associated intraarticular soft tissue injuries, joint lavage, decreased soft tissue dissection, and improved rehabilitation have been described in the literature. A review of surgical techniques and instrumentation for various fracture types is presented.

[M. Salah Abdel Hafeez, El-Mohamady El-Gharib, Tharwat Abd El Ghany, Ahmed Mahmoud Abd El Hafez. Arthroscopic-Assisted Reduction and Fixation of Uncomplicated Tibial Plateau Fractures. Rep Opinion 2017;9(1):64-77]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 11. doi:10.7537/marsroj090117.11.

 

Keywords: MRI- CPM- ORIF-AP -ARIF

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12

Results Of Research On Atmospheric Sciences

 

Gangadhara Rao Irlapati

 

H.No.5-30-4/1, Saibaba Nagar, Jeedimetla, Hyderabad – 500 055, Telangana State, INDIA

Email ID: scientistgangadhar@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Prepare the Indian Monsoon Time Scale having 365 horizontal days from March 21st to next year March 20th of a required period comprising of a large time and weather have been taken and framed into a square graphic scale. The main weather events if any of the country have been entering on the scale as per date and month of the each and every year. If we have been managing the scale of a country in this manner continuously, we can study the past, present and future movements of monsoon of a country. We can make separate monsoon time scales per each and every individual country.

[Gangadhara Rao Irlapati. Results Of Research On Atmospheric Sciences. Rep Opinion 2017;9(1):78-107]. ISSN 1553-9873 (print); ISSN 2375-7205 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 12. doi:10.7537/marsroj090117.12.

 

Keywords: Indian Monsoon Time Scale; horizontal days; square graphic scale; country

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from January 4, 2017

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