Volume 2 - Issue 9 (Cumulated No. 15), September15, 2010, ISSN 1553-9865
Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, Research 0209
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Titles / Authors
Population Dynamics And Seasonal
Abundance Of Zooplankton
Community In Narmada
*Shailendra Sharma, **Anis Siddique, **Karam
Singh, *Meenakshi Chouhan,
*Amrita Vyas,.C.M.Solnki, Dhavni Sharma ,Smitha
of Zoology, Shri
Girls College, Mandleshwar
-451221 (M.P.) INDIA.
of Zoology, Holkar
Science College, Indore-452003 (M.P.) INDIA.
organisms occupy a central position in the food webs of aquatic
ecosystem. They do not only form an integral part of the lentic community but also contribute
significantly, the biological productivity of the fresh water
ecosystem (Wetzel 2001). The importance of the Zooplankton is
well recognized as these have vital part in food chain and play
a key role in cycling of organic matter in an aquatic
ecosystem. In the present
study the total Zooplankton density exhibited a single peak
during March. However, a sudden increase was noticed in the
month of October which continued till March. This increase is
attributed to the settling of rain water return of favourable conditions in post monsoon period.In the present study total
Zooplankton comprises of 4 groups: Protozoa, Rotifera, Gladocera, Copepode. Out of this
group Rotifera is the
dominant group and the order of dominance is as Rotifera > Cladocera > Copepode > Protozoa.
[Researcher. 2010;2(9):1-9]. (ISSN:
Keywords: Zooplanktons,Narmada River, Population dynamics, correlation coefficient seasonal
Effect Of Partial Replacement Of Berseem Hay By Ensiled And Dried Sugar Beet
Tops On Performance Of Growing Rabbits
Gaafar, H.M.A.; A.I.A.Abd
El-Lateif and Salwa B. Abd El-Hady
Production Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center,
ABSTRACT: Two experiments were done to study the
effect of partial replacement of berseem
hay by ensiled and dried sugar beet tops on the performance of
growing rabbits. In the first one, 8 mature male NZW rabbits
with an average body weight of 2.5 kg and 8
months old were used to determine digestibility coefficients
and nutritive values of berseem hay
(BH), ensiled sugar beet tops (SBTS) and dried sugar beet tops
(SBTH). In the second one, 50 NZW growing rabbits of 60 days of
age were used in a complete randomized design experiment with
five treatments. The first group fed commercial rabbit diet
including 40% BH (control diet), while in the other groups 50
or 100% of BH was replaced by SBTS and SBTH throughout the 70
days of experiment. Results of the first experiment showed that
the contents of OM and CF were
lower and NFE and ash content were higher in SBTS and SBTH
compared with of BH. While, CP was higher in SBTS and lower in
SBTH than that of BH. The digestibility coefficients of DM, OM, CF, EE and NFE were significantly
higher (P<0.05) for both SBTS and SBTH compared with BH.
However, BH had significantly (P<0.05) the highest TDN and
DE values followed by SBTS, while SBTH had the lowest values.
While, CP digestibility and DCP value of SBTS were
significantly higher (P<0.05) than that of BH and SBTH. In the
second experiment showed that calculated composition was nearly
similar for the different diets except OM
and CF decreased and ash increased in diets contained SBTS and
SBTH compared with commercial diet. Diet contained
100% SBTS showed significantly (P<0.05) the highest digestibility coefficients of DM, OM, CP, EE and NFE and DCP value. While,
commercial diet revealed the highest CF digestibility and TDN
and DE values. Rabbits fed
100% SBTS diet had the highest TVFA's
and NH3-N concentrations and the lowest pH value. Rabbits
fed 100% SBTS diet showed significantly (P<0.05)
the highest final body weight, total and daily weight gain and
the lowest average daily and total DM intake and DM/kg gain,
however, those fed commercial diet had the opposite trend.
Rabbits fed commercial diet showed significantly
(P<0.05) the highest feed cost and feed cost/kg gain,
however, rabbits fed 100% SBTS diet showed
significantly (P<0.05) the highest total and net revenue and
net revenue improvement. Rabbits fed 100% SBTS showed
significantly (P<0.05) the highest slaughter weight, carcass
weight, dressing percentage, meat weight and percentage and the
contents of CP, EE and ash and lowest DM content in meat, but,
those fed commercial diet had the opposite trend. [Researcher.
2010;2(9):10-15]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
Key words: NZW rabbits, SBTS, SBTH,
digestibility, body weight gain, feed conversion, economic
efficiency, carcass traits
Swot Analysis – A Useful Tool For Community Vision
A concept paper of central Himalayan
G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan
Environment and Development
Kosi – Katarmal,
Almora 263 643 (Uttarakhand)
E-mail – firstname.lastname@example.org
Analysis is a strategic planning method used to
evaluate the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats involved in a project or in a business venture. It involves specifying the
objective of the business venture or project and identifying
the internal and external factors that are favorable and unfavorable
to achieving that objective. SWOT analysis provides a framework for
visioning by helping the planners to identify and priorities
the organization’s GOALS and to further identifies the
strategies of achieving them. SWOT analysis is a technique to
analyze the Strengths, Weakness, Opportunity
and Threats of a decision, problem ad place etc. In community
development or urban planning SWOT is often used at community
meeting to structure conversations about projects carrying out
this analysis often illuminates what needs to be done and puts
problems in to prospective. A
tool that identifies the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities
and Threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a
basic, straightforward model that assesses what an organization
can and cannot do as well as its potential opportunities and
threats. The method of SWOT analysis is to take the information
from an environmental analysis and separate it into internal
(strengths and weaknesses) and external issues (opportunities
and threats). Once this is completed, SWOT analysis determines
what may assist the firm in accomplishing its objectives, and
what obstacles must be overcome or minimized to achieve desired
results. [Researcher. 2010;2(9):16-18].
Keywords: Strength; Weaknesses; Opportunity; Threat; business venture
Extraction Of High Quality Dna
Manmohan S. Khanka, Lalit
M. Tewari, Sanjay Kumar, Lalit Singh 1 and Tapan K. Nailwal1
Department of Botany, Department of
Biotechnology1, Kumaun University, Nainital
Department of Biotechnology, Sleepy
Hollow, Kumaun University,
ABSTRACT: Diploknema tree
species (MPTs) has a great economic
value in respect of fodder, fuel wood, timber and other
product. It has also a
great medicinal value in Rheumatism, Ulcers, Itching,
Hemorrhage, Inflammation of tonsils etc.
Having such a great economic and medicinal value Diploknema
is facing extinction because of relentless anthropogenic
pressure. These species
are failing to regenerate in spite of reasonable seed
production. Very little information exists on the molecular
aspects of Diploknema which requires high quality DNA. A protocol for extraction of
high quality DNA
is hereby discussed. [Researcher. 2010;2(9):19-20].
tree species (MPTs); economic value; Rheumatism; Ulcers; Itching;
Hemorrhage; tonsils; DNA; Diploknema butyracea
Impediments To Educational Development Of Primary
School Pupils In Ogbomoso. Ogbomoso Local Government Councils,(North And South). Oyo State.
Adetunde, I. A
University Of Mines And Technology, Faculty Of
Engineering, Dept. Of Mathematics, Tarkwa, Ghana.
High School, Dept. Of English Lunguage,
Ogbomso, Oyo State
across the World today perfectly reflects the scope of the
sound knowledge receives from the primary schools. Additionally,
the competence of Specialists, Engineers, Scientists, Bankers,
technologist, Technicians must acquire their skills formally or
informally are firmly connected and rated by other foundation
in the primary schools. Among the major responsibilities of
primary education are to train the child ability to reason
logically and develop concepts which are formulated upon basic
knowledge. In this paper, we study the impediments to
educational development of primary school pupil in Ogbomoso, Oyo state - Nigeria. The study revealed
the impediments to educational development of Primary Schools
in Ogbomoso Local Governments, Oyo State. Nigeria.
[Researcher. 2010;2(9):21-26]. (ISSN:
KEY WORDS: Impediments,
Primary School Pupils, Educational Development, Local
Government Councils, Factors impending Educational Development
Population Model of Esan West
Local Government Area of
Ogbeide E. M. and Ikpotokin
Department of Mathematics, Ambrose Alli University,
Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria.
Phone number: 08039289270, 08034953007
paper focused on population dynamics of the people of Esan West Local Government Area of Edo
State, in Nigeria.
The logistic model was used and it was found that the growth
rate of the people for the sixteen years to be 0.035. A
projection of the population for the next twenty years was then
made. The carrying capacity was equally studied in this paper. [Researcher.
2010;2(9):27-30]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
dynamics, carrying capacity, growth rates and logistic Model
Evaluation Of The Rotor Aerodynamics Of A Wind Turbine
Using Combined Blade Element And Momemtum
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ilorin,
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ilorin,
analysis of the rotor aerodynamics is based on the combined
blade element and momentum theory and the content is directed
toward the physics of power extraction by wind turbines at both
the near and far wake regions. The near wake is the area just behind the rotor, where
the properties of the rotor can be discriminated, so
approximately up to one rotor diameter downstream and the far
wake is the region beyond the near wake, where the focus is put
on the influence of the wind turbines in farm situations. A wind turbine extracts
energy from the wind by producing a step change in static
pressure across the rotor-swept surface. Turbine rotor is the
component which exhibits the largest proportion of fatigue
failure and the centrifugal and gravity loads are primarily
generalized Fokker-Planck equation which is a partial
differential equation satisfied by the probability density
function is employed in modeling the turbine power. [Researcher.
2010;2(9):31-40]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
Keywords: Rotor aerodynamics, near wake, far
wake, rotor-swept surface, turbine power
Kinneret College on the Sea of Galilee, Emek Hayarden
The lift force and vibration
performance of a NACA-230 airfoil with a ‘bionic skin’
(metallic version of the butterfly scale) were experimentally
investigated. Attention was initially directed to this problem
by studies indicating a better lift, maneuver, vibration and
noise performance of flying butterflies, covered with scales.
Results indicated that the ‘bionic skin’ of an
oscillating rotor blade increased the lift force by a factor of
1.15, reduced both the damping coefficients by a factor of 1.23,
and the vibration
by a factor of 1.17. The modification of the aerodynamic
effects on the rotor blade was due to an increase of the
virtual air mass, which influenced the ‘bionic
skin’. The air cavity of the skin increased the virtual
air mass by a factor of 1.2. The interaction mechanism of a ‘bionic
skin’ with a flow and a sound wave was described. [Researcher.
2010;2(9):41-49]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
Keywords: bionic, blade,
butterfly, helicopter, lift, noise, skin, vibration,
A phenomena in geometric
Department of Mathematics, Dr.Mahalingam
of Engineering and Technology,
Nadu 642003, India
Abstract: In this work, the author has made a
brief geometric analysis and found a new result. [Researcher.
2010;2(9):50-51]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
Keywords: Euclid, elements, postulates,
non-Euclidean geometries physical; applications
Photocatalytic Degradation of Monoazo
and Diazo Dyes in Wastewater on
Chemistry Department, Faculty of
Science, Al-Azhar University (Girls),
Naser City, Cairo, Egypt
Abstract: Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have proved very effective in
treatment of the various hazardous organic pollutants in water.
The photocatalytic degradation of two
azo dyes, monoazo
dye Acid Orange 10 (AO10) and diazo
dye Acid Red114(AR114) present in
wastewater were studied. Homogeneous photocatalytic
degradation of the two azo dyes with
UV/H2O2 process was investigated. The
rates of disappearance of the two azo
dyes were monitored spectrophotometrically
at the visible maximum absorption wavelengths. It was found
that the rate of decolorization rises
by increasing the initial dosage of H2O2
up to a “critical” value at which it is maximum and beyond which it is inhibited.
The rates of reactions follow pseudo-first-order kinetics. Also
degradation of the two azo dyes with
UV/TiO2 (titanium dioxide) interface was
investigated. The photocatalytic
degradation rate depends on dye structure, dye concentration,
TiO2 concentration and pH of the medium. The
mechanism of the photodegradation
process under UV-visible light illumination involves an
electron excitation into the conduction band of the TiO2
semiconductor leading to the generation of very active
oxygenated species that attack the dye molecules leading to photodegradation. Photocatalytic
activity of TiO2 was examined by focusing on its
enhancement by electron scavengers in the photocatalytic
decomposition of the two azo dyes.
The electron scavengers employed was inorganic oxidant such as
H2O2, adequate dose of H2O2
led to a faster degradation of the two azo
dyes in the TiO2 photocatalytic
system. The fast decolorization of monoazo dye (AO10) than diazo
dye (AR114) is an indication that, the number of azo and sulphonate
groups in the dye molecule may be a determining factor for increasing
the degradation rates. [Researcher. 2010;2(9):52-71].
Keywords: Azo dyes;
UV/H2O2 oxidation, Titanium dioxide; Photodegradation; Semiconductor
Bulletin of Biological Science
and bio-therapeutic benefits of `ogi’: A
lactic acid fermented food
O. M. and *1,2Famurewa, O.
1Department of Microbiology University of Ado-Ekiti,
Nigeria. P.M.B. 5363, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.
*1,2College of Science, Engineering and
State University, P. M. B. 4494, Osogbo, Nigeria.
ABSTRACT: Ogi is a popular
cereal meal consumed mainly in the western part of Nigeria.
Despite its safety and health benefits, its consumption is
dwindling. Like other lactic acid fermented foods, ogi
is a good source of lactic acid bacteria (probiotics).
Probiotics have been reported to have
some benefit in the prevention and treatment of some diseases such
as gastrointestinal disorders including diarrhoea
and dysentery. Metabolic disorders such as lactose intolerance,
sucrase and maltase deficiencies can
also be managed by probiotics. They
favorably modulate immunity in some circumstances and have anticarcinogenic effects, regulate
hypercholesterolemia. The use of probiotics
to recolonize the vagina to prevent
sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhoea,
syphilis, candidiasis and HIV has
also been documented. These claims provide a strong rationale
for increased consumption of ogi, particularly
among immunocompromised populations
such as the elderly or the convalescent. Probiotics
enhance the immune response, which would in turn increase
resistance to immune-related diseases. ogi
is very cheap and easy to prepare. If the potential of ogi
and lactic acid bacteria (LAB)
could be adequately utilized it will reduce the pressure on the
use antibiotics and hence reduce the rate of bacterial
resistance to antibiotics. [Researcher. 2010;2(9):72-77]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
Key Words: ogi, lactic acid bacteria, probiotics,
prophylactics, immune system, fermented foods.
The Parasitic helminth fauna
of Parachanna obscura
from Lekki Lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria
Akinsanya B1 , A.A. Hassan2 and IBIDAPO C.A
1Department of Zoology,Parasitology unit, University of Lagos, Nigeria.
2Department of Zoology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
obscura, the African snakehead fish, were
randomly selected and subjected to parasitologic
investigations. A total
of three hundred and forty specimens were monthly obtained over
a period of one year. Helminth infections was observed to have a
prevalence of 5.9% which accounts for twenty of the specimens
to be infected with gastrointestinal helminth
obscura harboured two nematodes, Procamallanus sp (Spirocamallanus) and Contracaecum sp and a trematode, Clinostomum metacercaria. A sum total of twenty two helminthes
was recovered from the fish. The male specimens (229) recorded
a lower rate of infection (5.2%) than the females (111) which
recorded a prevalence of 7.2%.
The overall worm burden were
low and independent of sex and size of the fish. [Researcher.
2010;2(9):78-84]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
obscura; snakehead fish; specimen; gastrointestinal
Genetic Diversity In Yield And Quality
Attributes Of Ten Genotypes Of Rice In Nigeria
P. AND I. U.
of Crop Science and Technology, Federal
of Nigeria, Nsukka Owerri, Nigeria
Abstract: Ten genotypes of rice ( Oryza
sativa L.) including
some lines collected from the farmers fields in Abia, Ebonyi and
Imo States of South Eastern, Nigeria, were used
for the experiment. The seeds were grown in the early seasons
of 2006 and 2007 at the Teaching and Research farms of the
Federal University of Technology, Owerri
and used for assessing their yield and Physicochemical characteristics.
Moderate to high variation was observed for all the characters
studied. Number of tillers per stand varied most having a
coefficient of variation of 20% followed by percentage fibre (18. 7%) indicating a scope for
selection of these traits among the lines evaluated.
Conversely, percentage amylose
(1.9%), grain length (4. 4%) and percentage protein (5 .4 %),
had lower values for coefficient of variation suggesting that
the variation were more genetically similar in these
in the broad sense estimates revealed that grain length
had the highest heritability (93. 2%) followed by number of
days to anthesis (90 .7%) while
number of spikelets/ panicle (32.3%)
and number of tillers / stand (49.03%) were the least. The
physical characteristics of the grains divided the lines investigated
into long slender, long bold and medium bold sizes and shapes.
Among the lines however, Mass and Wita
4 combined high numbers of tillers/ stand, high percentage
fertile spikelets and high number of
seeds per secondary branch of panicle and long slender grains.
On the other hand, Sipi 692033 and
NERICA 1 had higher percentage protein and amylose
with long grains. [Researcher. 2010;2(9):85-90].
Attributes, Physicochemical traits, Variation, Heritability
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