Volume 3 - Issue 8 (Cumulated No. 26), August 25, 2011, ISSN 1553-9865
Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, Research 0308
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Titles / Authors
Quality Of Life In Patients With Head And Neck Cancer On
Radiotherapy Treatment At
* T.N. Elumelu, * A.A. Adenipekun, *A.A. Abdus-salam ** A.D.
*Department of Radiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of
**Department of Radiotherapy, University College Hospital,
Abstract: Head and neck cancers
(HNC) include a wide range of cancers that occur in different
sites of the head and neck region. HNC constitutes 5-50% of all
cancers globally and 5-8% of total body cancers in Europe and
America. It is difficult to appreciate the burden of HNC in
Nigeria because most studies available are hospital based. The
aims of this study are to assess and compare the health related
quality of life (HRQOL) in HNC patients before and at the end of
radiotherapy treatment and to assess the effect of gender and
stage of disease on HRQOL. This is a prospective study involving
100 patients with HNC at the Radiotherapy Department, University
College Hospital, Ibadan, using two European Organization for
Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life
Questionnaires (QLQ), namely the General Cancer questionnaire
(C30-QLQ) and Head and Neck Cancer specific questionnaire
(H&N35-QLQ). The (HRQOL) was assessed pre-treatment and post
radiotherapy. Fifty eight (58) were males while the rest were
females. Their mean age was 49.86 years. Majority of patients
are of the low socioeconomic class and had advanced disease.
There was deterioration of HRQOL during treatment, with the
nasopharynx and oropharynx tumours having more problems compared
with other tumour sites. Role functioning, social functioning,
pain, use of pain killers and financial difficulty were the most
experienced symptoms. There is a reduction in the quality of
life of the patients in the course of treatment. Pain is the
main problem of these HNC patients, it requires more attention
by the caregiver and awareness programs are needed to encourage
[T.N. Elumelu, A.A. Adenipekun, A.A.
Abdus-salam A.D. Bojude,O.B.Campbell. Quality Of Life In
Patients With Head And Neck Cancer On Radiotherapy Treatment At
Ibadan. Researcher. 2011;3(8):1-10]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
Key Words: Quality of life, Head and neck cancer, Prospective
study, EORTC; C30-QLQ and H&N35-QLQ
Production of Biodiesel from
Partially refined Palm Oil
S.O, 2Ikhuoria E.U. and 2Igbozuruike, C.
1. End use laboratory, Rubber
Research Institute of Nigeria, Iyanomo, Benin City, Nigeria
2. Department of Chemistry,
University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
The Palm Oil was partially refined by adsorptive bleaching using
kaolinite clay. The clay used was acid and alkaline activated
and the performance of the activated and unactivated in terms of
colour reduction was examined using the lovibond Tintometer. The
results show that the activation with 2M H2SO4,
2MNaOH and the unactivated clay gave colour reduction of 75.13%,
69.90% and 64.68%respectively. Therein acid activated clay used
for the adsorptive bleaching procedure was then used for the
transesterification process. The physico-chemical properties of
the partially refined and unrefined palm oil were determined.
Palm oil biodiesel was produced through transesterification of
palm oil with methanol at 600C using NaOH and K2CO3
catalyst. The biodiesel yield from NaOH and K2CO3
were 93.8% and 85% respectively. The fuel properties of the
biodiesel was characterized using ASTM standard methods. Fuel
test conducted on the methyl esters showed 86.7% and 85.9%
reduction of viscosity over crude palm oil. The results obtained
from the characterization of the biodiesel; %free fatty acid,
acid value, flash point, cloud point, cetane number and fuel
potential were compared favourably with those from other
vegetable biodiesel as well as various international standards
for biodiesel fuel.
Palm oil, Biodiesel, Transesterification, Yield, Catalyst and
Comparative Study of Ozonated
Olive Oil Ointment versus Conventional Dressing Methods on the
Healing of Grade I Diabetic Foot Ulcers
E S, 2Nahad E, 3Nabila A B, and 4Wael Sh
Surgical department Technical Nursing Institute Faculty of
Surgical Department Faculty of Nursing
Surgical Department Faculty of Nursing
Surgical Department Faculty of Medicine Alexandria University
Diabetic foot ulcers are common serious complications associated
with diabetes mellitus, and are the leading cause of
hospitalization .These complications usually have an effect on
patients quality of life .The nurse has two responsibilities
,first assess feet ulcer , second care of the wound by using appropriate sterile dressing techniques with the application of
different solutions such as Honey, Der magran (Zinc-saline) and
Ozonated olive oil and educating the patients about the proper
foot management systems. Therefore the aim of this study is to
compare the effect of ozonated olive oil ointment versus
conventional dressing techniques on the healing of diabetic foot
ulcers grade I .The study was conducted at Alexandria Main
University Hospital and followed up for 10 months .The sample
comprised 50 adult patients who had grade I foot ulcers. The
sample was divided equally into two groups, study and control
groups. The study group was treated by ozonated olive oil
ointment, and control group was treated by hospital routine
solutions (saline 0.9%, betadine 10%) once /day. This study
revealed that, although the two dressing techniques (ozonated
olive oil ointment and betadine 10%wet dressing techniques) were
effective on the healing process of grade I diabetic foot
ulcers, yet ozonated olive oil solution had better healing
effect than conventional solution. Based on the results of the
study, it is recommended that ,ozonated olive oil ointment
should be used on a daily basis time to treat grade I diabetic
foot ulcers, In the vascular out –patient clinics it’s
preferable to use both dressing techniques in the management of
patients with diabetic foot ulcer and increase nurses’ awareness
about ozonated olive oil ointment dressing technique.
E S, Nahad E, Nabila A B, and Wael Sh, Comparative Study of
Ozonated Olive Oil Ointment versus Conventional Dressing Methods
on the Healing of Grade I Diabetic Foot Ulcers.
3(8):16-30]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
Ozonated Olive Oil Ointment; Conventional Dressing Method
Nutrient Content of the Leaves
of Rumex acetosa
Yahaya Ahmed Iyaka1, Bukar Emmanuel Naroka Dauda1,
Muhammed Muhammed Ndamitso1
1. Department of Chemistry,
Federal University of Technology, P.M. B. 65 Minna, Niger State,
The leaves of Rumex acetosa
(Sorrel) was analyzed for its proximate and mineral composition using standard methods of food analysis. The result of the
proximate indicated higher carbohydrate content of 63.81 ± 0.18%
which give rise to higher energy value since carbohydrate is a
source of energy respectively. The leaves also had high energy
value of 228.40 ± 0.27 Kcal/100g. The mineral composition in
mg/100g dry weight are K(2132.85 ± 3.52), Na(28.61 ± 0.48),
Ca(53.25 ± 0.05), P(7.73 ± 0.07), Mg(73.56 ± 0.02), Cu(0.85 ±
0.04), Fe(10.81 ± 0.04), Mn(13.59 ± 0.04) and Zn(2.66 ± 0.01).
Higher potassium content in the leaves of this plant make it a
better diets for hypertensive patient since any diets rich in
potassium can reduce the risks of hypertension and possibly
strokes. This findings also confirmed that the leaves of
Rumex acetosa are rich sources of potassium, magnesium,
copper, iron, manganese, and zinc as well as high energy values
essential in human and animal nutrition.
[Suleiman Idris, Yahaya Ahmed
Iyaka, Bukar Emmanuel Naroka Dauda, Muhammed Muhammed Ndamitso.
Nutrient Content of the Leaves of Rumex acetosa].
Researcher, 2011; 3(8):31-36]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
human diets; animal feeds; sauces; cuckoo’s-meate; salads
Variation Effect of Carbon-Silica Dual Phase Fillers on the
Rheological and Mechanical Properties of Natural Rubber Matrix
Oladele Isiaka Oluwole*1,
Ganiyu Soliu1 and Balogun Oluwayomi Peter2
and Materials Engineering Department, Federal University of
Technology, Akure. Nigeria.
Engineering Development Institute (PEDI), National Agency for
Science and Engineering Infrastructure.
The effect of variation of Carbon-Silica Dual Phase Fillers
(CSDPF) on the mechanical properties of natural rubber
compounding was investigated. The natural rubber for the
compounding process was sourced locally. Five different batches
were prepared by varying the amount of carbon black and silica
fillers present in them. These samples were subjected to
different rheological and mechanical tests from where the
samples with optimum rheological and mechanical properties were
determined. It was found out that sample with higher proportion
of carbon black followed by sample with equal amount of the
carbon black and silica has the best rheological and mechanical
properties. These observations were due to higher polymer-filler
interactions and lower filler-filler interactions taking place
in the compounds.
[Oladele Isiaka Oluwole, Ganiyu Soliu and Balogun Oluwayomi
Peter. Variation Effect of Carbon-Silica Dual Phase Fillers on
the Rheological and Mechanical Properties of Natural Rubber
Researcher, 2011; 3(8):37-42]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
dual phase; fillers; natural rubber; compounding; mechanical
some minerals in Friesian calves fed different levels of
concentrate feed mixture and corn silage
Animal Production Research Institute,
Agricultural Research Center, Dokki, Egypt.
Twenty eight male Friesian
calves with average live body weight 176.67±3.68 kg and aged
8±0.19 months were divided into four similar groups (seven in
each) assigned randomly to four experimental rations containing
different levels of concentrate feed mixture and corn silage
during the first (winter season) and second (summer season)
periods. minerals content (Ca, P, Mg, Na, K, Cu, Zn, Mn
and Fe) were higher in concentrate feed mixture compared with
corn silage and increased in experimental rations with
increasing the level of concentrate feed mixture and decreasing
the level of corn silage. The contents of Ca, P, Na, Zn and Mn
in corn silage were below the recommended requirements of
growing calves. Minerals balance and concentrations in
hair, blood plasma and body tissues increased significantly
(P<0.05) with increasing the level of concentrate feed mixture
and decreasing the level of corn silage in the rations. Calves
fed all corn silage ration (R4) during the first period showed
the negative absorption and retention of Ca, P, Na, Zn and Mn
and were lower than the normal levels in hair and blood plasma.
Status of some minerals
in Friesian calves fed different levels of concentrate feed
mixture and corn silage.
Researcher, 2011; 3(8):43-50]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
Minerals, Freisian claves, corn silage, mineral balance,
minerals concentrations in hair, plasma and body tissues.
Researcher, 2011; 3(8):51-55]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).
aflatoxin M1 in raw, processed milk and some milk products in
Cairo with special reference to its recovery
Mohsen M. Ayoub1,
Azza Mahmoud Kamel Sobeih2 and Amal A. Raslan3
Central Laboratory of Residue Analysis of Pesticides and Heavy
Metals in Food, Agricultural Research Center, Ministry of
Food Hygiene Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine,
Kafrelsheikh University, Egypt.
veterinary Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig
this study a screening survey was undertaken to determine the
presence and levels of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in locally produced
dairy products. For this propose, a total of 141 dairy samples (raw milk, pasteursed milk, milk powder, yogurt and feta
cheese)were analyzed to determined the level of AFM1 in these
products.results obtained showed that AFM1 was found in 54.6% of
milk and milk products samples. Lactic acid bacteria
(Lactobacillus bulgaricus and streptococcus thermophilus) used
for removal of AFM1in yogurt during manufacturing. It was found
that Lactobacillus bulgaricus was of more binding ability than
streptococcus thermophilus in reduction of AFM1, the results
were discussed in details.
[Mohsen M. Ayoub,
Azza Mahmoud Kamel Sobeih and Amal A. Raslan.
Evaluation of aflatoxin M1 in raw, processed milk and some milk
products in Cairo with special reference to its recovery.
Researcher, 2011; 3(8):56-61] (ISSN: 1553-9865).
Key words: AFM1- milk products- yogurt- feta cheese – Lactic acid bacteria.
The manuscripts in this
issue were presented as online first for peer-review starting
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