Science Journal

 

Researcher
 
Volume 4 - Issue 5 (Cumulated No. 35), May 25, 2012, ISSN 1553-9865
 Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, Researcher 0405
Welcome to send your manuscript(s) to: researcher@sciencepub.net 

CONTENTS

 No.

Titles / Authors

Text

No.

1

Radon Activity And Exhalation Rate In Building Materials From Crushing Zone Of Shivalik Foothills In India

 

Sunil Kamboj *, Vakul Bansal *, Anil Pundir **, R.P. Chauhan ***

 

* Department of Physics, JV. Jain (PG) College Saharnpur -247001, India

** Department of Electronics, M.L.N (P.G) College, Yamunanagar-135001, India. E-mail: anil.pundeer@rediffmail.com

*** Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India. E-mail: chauhanrpc@hotmail.com

Corresponding Author: anil.pundeer@rediffmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: The crushing zone in Shivalik foothills are about 230-260 Kms. North of New Dehi, the Capital of India comprising three states Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Utter Pradesh. Building materials like stones and stone dust are used in the construction of buildings in and around Delhi. The presence of Uranium in host rocks and prevalence of a confined atmosphere within mines could result in enhanced concentration of radon and its progeny. Inhalation of radon daughter products is a major contributor of radiation dose to population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In present study LR-115 type-II detectors were used in Canister technique. RESULTS: The radon concentration level in stones collected from various sites of study area of Haryana, Utter Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh varies from 472-1036 Bq m-3, 457-853 Bq m-3 and 899-1493 Bq m-3 respectively. The Radon concentration level in stone dust collected from various sites of study area of Haryana, Utter Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh varies from 1066-1371 Bq m-3, 563-1038 Bq m-3 and 1028-1646 Bq m-3 respectively. Based on the data mass and Surface exhalation rates were also calculated as shown in the tables.

[Sunil Kamboj, Vakul Bansal, Anil Pundir, R.P. Chauhan. Radon Activity And Exhalation Rate In Building Materials From Crushing Zone Of Shivalik Foothills In India. Researcher. 2012;4(5):1-6]. (ISSN: 1553-9865).. http://www.sciencepub.net. 1

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.01

 

Keywords: Radon, exhalation rate, Shivalik foothills

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Effect of Contamination on Cadmium and Lead Concentration in Blood Plasma and Accumulation in Body Tissues of Rabbits

 

Gaafar H M A

 

Animal Production Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Dokki, Egypt.

hamedgaafar@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Fifty growing New Zealand White rabbits (30 males and 20 females) of 8 weeks of age and average body weight of 1091.074.93 gm were assigned randomly into 5 similar groups. Rabbits in the control group (G1) were fed pelleted commercial diet containing 0.28 ppm cadmium (Cd) and 17.60 ppm lead (Pb) on DM basis. Diets of G2 and G3 were contaminated with cadmium chloride and lead acetate to provide final levels of 0.5 ppm Cd and 30 ppm Pb on DM basis (maximum tolerable levels of Cd and Pb for domestic animals, NRC 1980) and diets of G4 and G5 to provide 0.87 ppm Cd and 58.45 ppm Pb on DM basis (as indicated from Cd and Pb contents of berseem from contaminated areas). Results showed that during the first eight weeks of experiment (9-16 weeks of age), the differences in average daily DM intake among the different groups were not significant (P>0.05). While, average daily DM intake during the interval from 17-26 weeks of age and the overall mean of DM intake were significantly lower (P<0.05) for rabbits fed high levels of Cd and Pb diets (G4 and G5, respectively) than those fed low levels of Cd and Pb diets (G2 and G3, respectively) and the control group (G1). Rabbits in G4 and G5 revealed significantly (P<0.05) the highest Cd and Pb intake followed by those in G2 and G3, while those in G1 had the lowest Cd and Pb intake and increased with advancing age. Rabbits in G4 and G5 revealed significantly (P<0.05) the highest plasma Cd and Pb concentrations followed by those in G2 and G3, while those in G1 had the lowest plasma Cd and Pb concentrations and increased with advancing age. Rabbits in G4 and G5 revealed significantly (P<0.05) the highest accumulation of Cd and Pb in liver, kidney and muscle followed by those in G2 and G3, while those in G1 had the lowest Cd and Pb accumulation. The accumulation of Cd and Pb were higher in liver and kidney than muscle.

[Gaafar H M A. Effect of Contamination on Cadmium and Lead Concentration in Blood Plasma and Accumulation in Body Tissues of Rabbits. Researcher. 2012;4(5):7-12]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net. 2

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.02

 

Keywords: rabbits, cadmium, lead, plasma, body tissues

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Evaluation of Physico- chemical parameters of Narmada river, MP, India

 

1Shailendra Sharma, 2Imtiyaz Tali, 3Zahoor Pir, 2Anis Siddique, 3L. K. Mudgal.

 

1Deparment of Zoology, Shri Umya Girls College Mandleshwar M. P. 452001

2Department of Zoology, Govt. Holkar Science College Indore M. P. 452001.

3Department of Zoology, Govt. P.G. Girls College Motitabela Indore M. P. 452001.

Address for correspondence: - Imtiyaz Tali, Govt Holkar Science College Indore MP.

E-mail: imtiyaztali@gmail.com, Zahoor7887@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The Narmada, also called Rewa is a river in central India and the fifth largest river in the Indian subcontinent. The bank of Narmada river is covered by tribal people, and their daily wastes are drained into this holy river, which alters the Physico-chemical parameters of the river. The present study was carried out for a period of one year from August 2009 to July 2010 to enumerate the various Physico-chemical parameters of Narmada river. Water samples were taken from sampling stations every month and were analyzed as per standard methods. Maxima of Phosphate, Nitrate, Alkanity and Sulphate were recorded in September and October and Maxima of Temperature, pH, Chloride and Total hardness were observed during summer. Transparency was recorded maximum in winter and minimum in rainy season. DO concentration was higher in winter and lower in summer. The results indicated that most of the Physico- chemical characteristics of Narmada water samples were within the WHO limits.

[Shailendra Sharma, Imtiyaz Tali, Zahoor Pir, Anis Siddique, L. K. Mudgal. Evaluation of Physico- chemical parameters of Narmada river, MP, India. Researcher 2012;4(5):13-19]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 3

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.03

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School Teachers’ Attitudes toward Communicative Language Teaching in Bangladesh

 

Nitish Kumar Mondal

 

English Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh

Email: nitish.english@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: There can be no denying the fact that English Language has got central place in educational institutions in Bangladesh today but no eye catching development has been seen in teaching and learning English language in educational institutions in the country. The existing situation is mainly due to not having significant changes in the pedagogical paradigms like English Syllabus, Teaching Methodology and Testing for long. Though the main reason for the situation includes all the said pedagogical paradigms, much depends on the ways, approaches and methods adopted to teach English language. The postcolonial ELT methods are in no way beneficial for the students in the changed scenario where the majority of students are desperate to learn English only to be communicatively competent. The history of English language teaching has seen the rise and fall of a variety of language teaching approaches and linguists have been trying to develop more and more innovative methods which include - Grammar Translation Method, Direct Method, Situational Language Teaching etc. The latest approach which has influenced language teaching practice around the world is Communicative Approach (or Communicative Language Teaching). It is an approach to the teaching of second and foreign languages that emphasizes interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of learning a language. But most EFL teachers, specially in Bangladeshi secondary level education, only have a general idea of what communicative language teaching (CLT) is and holds many misconceptions about how to apply it in the language classroom. While CLT offers sophisticated ideas about what language is, it lacks a set of clear principles of how to teach language. So, the research will elaborate School Teachers’ Attitudes toward Communicative Language Teaching in Bangladesh by which this approach becomes a comprehensive approach due to its goal of teaching communicative competence where the teachers hold a favorable attitude towards CLT.

[Nitish Kumar Mondal. School Teachers’ Attitudes toward Communicative Language Teaching in Bangladesh. Researcher 2012;4(5):20-28]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 4

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.04

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5

Paragraph Writing- A Stylistic Process

 

Abnish Singh

 

Department of Humanities

Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad, U.P., India

Email: abnishsinghchauhan@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Very less study has been carried on paragraph writing, now a days the art of paragraph writing is very important for students, researchers, academicians and professionals if they want to write effectively and express their thoughts in an impressive manner. The art of writing demands two things- competence of the subject and deep knowledge of the stylistic process for arranging the subject in a proper form. The second thing is equally important as it focuses on the manner of writing. If the ideas are properly formed and arranged in a piece of prose writing, it casts a good impression on the readers. This formation through the stylistic process is generally termed as paragraph, a distinct unit in prose. A paragraph may comprise with one or more than one sentences as the situation demands. Therefore, there is no fixed rule for the length of a paragraph; short paragraphs are preferred by the readers. Since the paper is concerned with the stylistic process for developing a paragraph, it becomes important to know about various elements of the writing style. A paragraph is a combination of different kinds of words and sentences arranged in a systematical order. It also requires some useful devices for achieving unity, coherence and emphasis in order to give it impressive and effective form. Thus, it can be said that paragraph writing is an intellectual activity and, therefore, it requires constant practice and proper learning of its stylistic process.

[Abnish Singh. Paragraph Writing- A Stylistic Process. Researcher 2012;4(5):29-31]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 5

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.05

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Concept and importance of Teacher Education

 

Muddasir Hamid Malik 1, Dr. Tasleema Jan 2.

 

1 Research scholar, Department of Education, university of Kashmir

2 Assistant professor, Department of Education, university of Kashmir

malikjavaid321@gmail.com; tasleemajan@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The concept of teacher is incomplete without the concept of teacher education. The quality of education is determined mainly by the quality of teachers. The teachers should get full concept of teacher education so that they come out as full beings in the field of teacher education. Thus the concept is important to be understood.

[Muddasir Hamid Malik, Tasleema Jan. Concept and importance of Teacher Education. Researcher 2012;4(5):32-34]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 6

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.06

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Multi-Drug Resistant (MDR) Urinopathogens among Patients Attending a Tertiary Hospital in Lagos, Nigeria

Akingbade OA1, Olalekan AO2, Okerentugba PO3, Innocent-Adiele HC3, Onoh CC4, Nwanze JC4, Okonko IO3

 

1Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Federal Medical Centre, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria

2Department of Microbiology, Psychiatric Hospital, Yaba, Lagos State, Nigeria;

3Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, East-West Road, P.M.B. 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria;

4Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria

mac2finney@yahoo.com; iheanyi.okonko@uniport.edu.ng; Tel: +234-80-3538-0891

 

Abstract: Bacterial agents are the cause of urinary tract infection. This study was carried out to investigate the aetiology of urinary tract infection in patient attending out-patient clinic in a tertiary hospital in Lagos, Nigeria. Two hundred and fifty (250) mid-stream urine samples were examined for significant bacteriuria, of which 58(23.2%) yielded significant bacteriuria while 192(76.8%) showed no growth. Organisms were identified based on their morphological characteristics, Gram reaction and biochemical reactions. Eight different pathogens were isolated and identified with Escherichia coli having the highest prevalence of 29.31%. This was followed by Enterococcus sp 11(19.0%), Klebsiella pneumoniae 9(15.5%), Staphylococccus aureus 7(12.1%), Staphylococcus saprophyticus 6(10.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa 4(6.9%), Proteus species 2(3.5%) and Candida albicans 2(3.5%). Most of the strains were sensitive to Ceftraxone, Gentamycin, Ciprofloxacin and Tetracycline and majority of the isolates showed multi-drug resistant (MDR) pattern to most of the antibiotics used. The study showed the presence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) urinopathogens among patient attending out-patient clinic in a tertiary hospital in Lagos, Nigeria and this calls for particular public health attention.

[Akingbade OA, Olalekan AO, Okerentugba PO, Innocent-Adiele HC, Onoh CC, Nwanze JC, Okonko IO. Multi-Drug Resistant (MDR) Urinopathogens among Patients Attending a Tertiary Hospital in Lagos, Nigeria. Researcher 2012;4(5):35-39]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 7

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.07

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Incidence of Nosocomial Infection Associated With Peripheral Venous and Umbilical Catheterization in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

 

Amira Ahmed1, Ilham Ezzat2 and Ehssan Baghagho3

 

1Neonatology and 2Microbiology Departments, El-Galaa Teaching Hospital, 3Public Health, GOTHI

hishamwb@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: intravascular catheters have been essential devices for the management of critically ill neonates. However their use is often associated with serious infection complication, mostly catheter-related blood stream infection, resulting in increasing duration of hospitalization and additional medical costs. Objective: to study the incidence of nosocomial infection in neonatal intensive care unit in El- Galaa Teaching Hospital associated with peripheral venous and umbilical catheterization and making a protocol for insertion of the catheter to decrease these complications. Patients and Methods: 102 neonates delivered in El-Galaa Teaching hospital and admitted to NICU (over a period of 3 months) were included in the study. Full history taking, thorough clinical examination and bacteriological studies were done for 34 cases in which infection was suspected clinically including; CRP, full blood picture, blood culture and culture the tip of the catheter either peripheral or umbilical by direct film as well as culture on specific media for identification of the infecting organism. Results: out of 102 neonates 34 developed neonatal infection (33.33%); 10 cases with respiratory distress (29.41%), 2 cases with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (5.88%), 1 case with neonatal Jaundice (2.94%), 1 case with meconium aspiration syndrome (2.94%), 1 case with multiple congenital anomalies (2.94%) and 19 cases preterm with respiratory distress (55.88%). All the 102 neonates had PVC (83 cases, 81.37%) and 19 cases (18.63%) with UC. 25 cases with PVC developed neonatal infection (30.1%) while 9 cases with UC developed neonatal infection (47.37%) with no statistical significant difference between neonatal infection and the type of catheter. It was found that out of 83 cases with PVC about 20 cases (24.10% ) developed bacteremia. Identification of organism showed staphylococcus aureus in 8 cases (20%), G-ve bacilli 5 cases (12%), one case of pseudomonas (4%) and one case of Klebsiella (4%). Conclusion: no association between the type of organism in the blood and the organism found in cannula or catheter culture except only in 2 cases, so continuous quality improvement program, education and training of health care workers and adherence to standardized protocol for insertion and maintenance of intravascular catheters significantly reduce the incidence of catheter related infections.

[Amira Ahmed, Ilham Ezzat and Ehssan Baghagho. Incidence of Nosocomial Infection Associated With Peripheral Venous and Umbilical Catheterization in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Researcher 2012;4(5):40-45]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 8

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.08

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Karyotypic Analysis of Walking Catfish Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

1Shabeena Yaqoob, 2Tahir Mohi-uddin, 2Swaleha

 

1. Department of Zoology & applied aquaculture.

2. Department of Bio-chemistry and Genetics, Faculty of Genetics, Barkatullah Vishwa Vidhayala, Bhopal MP India -462026.

 

ABSTRACT: Karyotyping is one of the useful tools for species identification, taxonomy, evolutionary and breeding section. The present study represents the cytogenetic investigation of African catfish Clarias batrachus (Linn), inhabiting in Upper Lake Bhopal, using C-banding and Nor-banding techniques. Clarias batrachus was found to have standard karotype and diploid chromosome number of 2n=54, which comprised of 6 pairs of metacentric chromosome, 9 pairs of sub-metacentric chromosomes and 7 pairs of telocentric chromosomes. The study documented the karyotypic polymorphism of Clarias batrachus resident in the upper lake Bhopal.

[Shabeena Yaqoob, Tahir Mohi-uddin, Swaleha. Karyotypic Analysis of Walking Catfish Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus, 1758). Researcher 2012;4(5):46-48]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 9

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.09

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Bacteriological Review of Multi-Drug Resistance (MDR) Pathogens involved in Respiratory Tract Infections (RTIs) in Abeokuta, Nigeria

 

Motayo BO1, Ogiogwa JI1, Aboderin BW1, Okerentugba PO2, Innocent-Adiele HC2, Nwanze JC3, Onoh CC3, Okonko IO2

1Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Federal Medical Centre, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria

2Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, East-West Road, P.M.B. 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria;

3Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria

mac2finney@yahoo.com; iheanyi.okonko@uniport.edu.ng; Tel: +234-80-3538-0891

 

ABSTRACT: Various Bacteria have being implicated as etiological agents of respiratory tract infections, often times these same bacteria colonize the nostrils mouth and throat, acting as normal flora, before adverse events make them become pathogenic. Our objective is to review bacteria agents isolated from various respiratory tract infections and their antibiotic susceptibility profile in Abeokuta, Nigeria. 130 cases of various respiratory conditions were retrospectively reviewed from May 2010 to December 2010, for culture and susceptibility profile. All samples were processed following standard Microbiological protocols and susceptibility was tested by Kirby-Bauer method for disk diffusion. An isolation rate of (29.0%) was recorded for pathogens (71.0%) for commensal (Normal flora). Distribution of pathogenic bacteria isolates by gram reaction showed that Gram negative bacilli (GNB) had a higher value with 22(58.0%) and Gram positive cocci (GPC) 16(42.0%). Female subjects recorded a higher isolation rate than males, 62.2% vs 37.8%, (P-value 1.98, Chi square test X2). Klebsiella pneumonia recorded the highest occurrence rate with 15(40.5%), followed by Streptococcus pneumonia with 8(21.6%), the lowest rate was recorded by Proteus spp with 1(2.7%). Age range distribution was highest in 45-60(39.0%), 15-30 (37.5%) the lowest rate was recorded by 0-15 (21.0%). The antibiograms revealed that majority of the pathogens showed multi-drug resistant (MDR) pattern to most of the antibiotics used. Augumentin was the most broadly active antibiotic with 75.0% sensitivity to Streptococcus pnuemoniae, 100.0% sensitivity to Streptococcus viridians, and 100.0% sensitivity to Staphylococcus aureus, followed by Gentamycin, Ofloxacin also displayed good sensitivity with a rate of 73.3% to Klebsiella pneumonia, 75.0% sensitivity to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The Cephalosporins performed poorly, and there was absolute resistance to Amplicillin and Tetracycline, while Amoxiclillin recorded very poor sensitivity against all isolates tested. The high β-lactamase resistance observed in all our isolates, particularly in GNB isolates even to the cephalosporin is in an indication of acquisition and dissemination of ESBL genes. The study showed the presence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) pathogens among the subjects with RTIs attending out-patient clinic in a tertiary hospital in Abeokuta, Nigeria and this calls for particular public health attention. We hereby advocate better surveillance and infection control programs in our health institutions for early detection and intervention of multi-resistant bacteria.

[Motayo BO, Ogiogwa JI, Aboderin BW, Okerentugba PO, Innocent-Adiele HC, Nwanze JC, Onoh CC, Okonko IO. Bacteriological Review of Multi-Drug Resistance (MDR) Pathogens involved in Respiratory Tract Infections (RTIs) in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Researcher 2012;4(5):49-55]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 10

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.10

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ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTI-DENATURING ACTIVITES OF DEFATTED AND NON-DEFATTED METHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF THREE MEDICINAL PLANTS IN NIGERIA.

 

Anokwuru, C.P., Adaramola, F.B., Akirinbola, D., Fagbemi E., Onikoyi F.

 

Department of Basic Sciences, School of Science and Technology, Babcock University Ilisan Remo, Ogun State Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT: The Phenolic content, antioxidant and anti-denaturing activities of deffated and non-deffated methanolic extract of Acalypha wilkesiana, Cnidoscolus aconitifolius and Vernonia amygdalina leaf were studied. The total phenolic content was determined using Folin-Ciocalteu’s method while antioxidant activities were carried out using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazine (DPPH) free radical scavenging and total reducing power. The In-vitro anti-inflammatory activity was carried out by inhibition of protein denaturation method. The result of the study showed that defatted extracts of all the three plants showed higher phenolic content compared to the non-defatted extracts. The non-defatted extracts of all the three plants showed higher DPPH scavenging activity while the defatted extracts exhibited higher reducing power. Furthermore, the defatted extracts of all the plants showed higher anti- denaturing activity compared to the non-defatted. In conclusion, defatting the three plants in this study increased phenolic contents of the extracts, enhanced their reducing power and anti-denaturing activity.

[Anokwuru CP, Adaramola FB, Akirinbola D, Fagbemi E, Onikoyi F. ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTI-DENATURING ACTIVITES OF DEFATTED AND NON-DEFATTED METHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF THREE MEDICINAL PLANTS IN NIGERIA. Researcher 2012;4(5):56-62]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 11

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.11

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Evaluation of water quality: Physico chemical characteristics of River Narmada at Madhya Pradesh, India.

 

1Zahoor Pir, 2Imtiyaz Tali, 1L. K. Mudgal, 3Shailendra Sharma, 2Anis Siddique

 

  1. Department of Zoology, Govt P. G. Girls College Motitabela Indore MP- 452001.

  2. Department of Zoology, Govt Holkar Science College Indore MP- 452001.

  3. Department of Zoology, Shri Omya College Maheshwar Indore MP- 452001.

 

Address for correspondence: Zahoor Pir, Department of Zoology, Mata Jijabai Govt P. G. Girls College Motitabela Indore MP- 452001. zahoor7887@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The Narmada river is one among the most important river in central India and fifth largest river in Indian subcontinent. The river is continuously being polluted by various anthropogenic activities, which results to the threat to aquatic life. The present investigation was carried for the period of one year from August 2010 to July 2011 in two sampling stations viz, Maheshwar and Barwani. Minimum value of DO, turbidity, Free CO2 and Nitrate was recorded in May month and maximum value of turbidity and DO was recorded in June-July months. The results of present study indicate that Narmada river is slightly polluted and needs regular monitoring.

[1Zahoor Pir, Imtiyaz Tali, L. K. Mudgal, Shailendra Sharma, Anis Siddique. Evaluation of water quality: Physico chemical characteristics of River Narmada at Madhya Pradesh, India. Researcher 2012;4(5):63-67]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 12

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.12

 

Keywords: Evaluation; water quality; Physico chemical characteristics; River; Narmada; India

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Synthesis and Characterization of a Novel Nanomaterial-Strontium Ruthenate(SrRuO3) Design for Supercapacitor

 

S. Mohapatra1, A. Acharya2, G.S. Roy3*

 

1. NIT Rourkela, Odisha, India

2. Tata Consultancy Services, Kalingapark, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

3. Bhadrak Autonomous College, Bhadrak, Odisha, India

gsroy2004@gmail.com

 

Abstract: We have under taken the synthesis and characterization of a novel nanomaterial Strontium Ruthenate and explored the possibility of its role in design of a supercapacitor. Strontium Ruthenate is synthesized by solution route method and it is characterized by TGA, XRD and SEM-EDXA. Further it is designed as an oxide electrode to determine its I-V characteristics in different electrolyte solutions. Specific capacitance values obtained are so high, which reviled its supercapacitor properties.

[S. Mohapatra, A. Acharya, G.S. Roy. Synthesis and Characterization of a Novel Nanomaterial-Strontium Ruthenate(SrRuO3) Design for Supercapacitor. Researcher 2012;4(5):68-71]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 13

doi:10.7537/marsrsj040512.13

 

Keywords: Nanomaterials; Thermal analysis; X-ray diffraction; Scanning electron microscopy with Energy dispersive X-ray analysis.

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review starting from April 26, 2012

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