Science Journal

 

Researcher
 
Volume 4 - Issue 11 (Cumulated No. 41), 25, 2012, ISSN 1553-9865
 
Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, Researcher 0411
 
Welcome to send your manuscript(s) to: researcher@sciencepub.net 

CONTENTS

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Titles / Authors

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1

JOB VALUE AND JOB ACTIVITY: IMPACT ON OCCUPATIONAL EFFICACY

 

Basu Mudasir

 

Research Scholar, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. India

E-Mail: showkat80ahmad@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: The quality and standard aspect of education requires effective educational administrators more than anything else. An administrators’ efficacy lies in the fact how much he is cognizant, understands the process, possesses stable job ideas and copes with the change. The study sought to investigate the Occupational Efficacy, Job Value and job activity of Educational Administrators. The sample comprised of 250 Educational Administrators (119 Educational Administrators were taken from High School Level and 120 Educational Administrators were taken from Higher Secondary School Level). The data were collected by using two adopted and one self-constructed questionnaire. Percentage statistics, t-test and Pearson’s Coefficient of Correlation was used to analyse the data. The overall results revealed that Effective Educational Administrators differ significantly from Ineffective Educational Administrators with respect to their Job Value and job activity. A significant positive correlation exists between Occupational Efficacy and Job Value and Occupational Efficacy and Job activity of Effective Educational Administrators and low correlation exists between Occupational Efficacy and Job Value and Occupational Efficacy and Job activity of Ineffective Educational Administrators.

[Basu Mudasir. JOB VALUE AND JOB ACTIVITY: IMPACT ON OCCUPATIONAL EFFICACY. Researcher 2012;4(11):1-11]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 1

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.01

 

Key Words: Effective Educational Administrators, Ineffective Educational Administrators, Job Value, job activity, Occupational Efficacy.

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2

Managerial Profile Of Effective Educational Administrators In Kashmir- A Study

 

Basu Mudasir

 

Research Scholar, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. India

E-Mail: showkat80ahmad@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The quality and standard aspect of education requires effective educational administrators more than anything else. An administrators’ efficacy lies in the fact how much he is cognizant, understands the process and copes with the change. The present study shall investigate the managerial profile of effective educational administrators in Kashmir. The sample will comprise of 250 Educational Administrators and their 500 immediate Subordinates. For this study seven questionnaires (one self constructed) shall be employed to collect the data. Percentage statistics, t-test and Pearson’s Coefficient of Correlation shall be used to analyse the data. The findings indicated a significant difference between effective and ineffective educational administrators with regard to various parameters of managerial profile and a significant relationship between various parameters of managerial profile within the groups of effective and ineffective educational administrators.

[Basu Mudasir. Managerial Profile Of Effective Educational Administrators In Kashmir- A Study. Researcher 2012;4(11):12-29]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 2

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.02

 

Key Words: Managerial Profile, Occupational Efficacy, Administrative Behaviour, Leadership Behaviour Pattern, Job Activity.

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Occupational Efficacy and Administrative Behaviour-A study of Educational Administrators in Kashmir

 

Basu Mudasir

 

Research Scholar, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. India

E-Mail: showkat80ahmad@gmail.com

 

Abstract:The present study was aimed to investigate the Occupational Efficacy and Administrative Behaviour of Educational Administrators at Secondary Level of Education. The sample comprised of 250 Educational Administrators (119 Educational Administrators from High School Level and 120 Educational Administrators from Higher Secondary School Level). The data were collected by using Occupational Self-Efficacy Scale and Administrative Behaviour Scale. Percentage statistics, t-test and Pearson’s Coefficient of Correlation was used to analyse the data. The overall results revealed that majority of educational administrators possessed average occupational efficacy while a good number of educational administrators possessed less effective administrative behaviour. A significant positive relationship exists between occupational efficacy and administrative behaviour of educational administrators. Again, it was found that Effective Educational Administrators differ significantly from Ineffective Educational Administrators with respect to Administrative Behaviour. A significant positive correlation exists between Occupational Efficacy and Administrative Behaviour of Effective Educational Administrators and low correlation exists between Occupational Efficacy and Administrative Behaviour of Ineffective Educational Administrators.

[Basu Mudasir. Occupational Efficacy and Administrative Behaviour-A study of Educational Administrators in Kashmir. Researcher 2012;4(11):30-37]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 3

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.03

 

Key Words: Administrative Behaviour, Effective Educational Administrators, Ineffective Educational Administrators, Occupational Efficacy.

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Serum protein profile in Nigerian women: an analysis by gestation age

 

Adedeji AL, Adedosu OT, Afolabi OK, Badmus JA, Ehigie LO, Fatoki JO and Adelusi TI

 

Department of Biochemistry, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria

aladedeji@lautech.edu.ng

 

Abstract :The effects of pregnancy and advancing gestation on serum proteins pattern of Nigerian women, living in Ikirun, south western Nigeria were examined in sixty-six (66) apparently normal pregnant women. Twenty-five (25) apparently normal non-pregnant (age matched) women were also concurrently studied as controls. The mean total serum proteins and serum albumin concentration of the controls were 70.5 3.3 mg/ml and 40.8 4.0 mg/ml; respectively. Total serum proteins and serum albumin concentrations decreased significantly and progressively as gestation advanced to the lowest level of 58.2 2.7 mg/ml and 29.2 3.7 mg/ml (p < 0.001), respectively at 33-36th week of gestation. The total serum globulins concentration remained statistically unchanged throughout the gestation period but for a significant increase to a level of 32.1 1.6 mg/ml (p = 0.025) at 21-24 weeks of gestation. Serum protein electrophoresis pattern showed no significant abnormality but did not closely reflect changes observed in the absolute concentration of serum albumin. The relatively stable total serum globulins (TGS) concentration in the face of normal gestational haemodilution suggested an increased TSG mass during normal pregnancy.

[Adedeji AL, Adedosu OT, Afolabi OK, Badmus JA, Ehigie LO, Fatoki JO and Adelusi TI. Serum protein profile in Nigerian women: an analysis by gestation age. Researcher 2012;4(11):38-42]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 4

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.04

 

Keywords: Serum Proteins, Gestation, Electrophoresis

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The improvement of Sperm Parameters and Chromatin Quality by Vitamin C

 

Mangoli E1, Pourentezari M1, Anvari M1, 2, Talebi AR*1, 2, Nahangi H1

 

1-Department of Biology & Anatomy, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

2-Research & Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

*Corresponding author: Prof_talebi@hotmail.com

 

Abstract:Antioxidants are the main defense factors against oxidative stress (ROS) induced by free radicals. Vitamin C (vit.C) and vitamin E is believed to be the primary component of the antioxidant system of the spermatozoa and are one of the major membrane protectants against ROS and LPO attack. There is a relationship between activity of these antioxidant and function of sperm. Vitamin C which is belonging to non-enzymatic antioxidant is used as a supplemented drug to improve sperm quality in male infertility. Given the importance of sperm in reproductive and Generation health other hand and harmful effects of oxidative stress the aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effects of vitamin C on sperm parameters and chromatin quality in mice. 14 adult male mice were divided equally into two groups .mice of group 1 served as control fed on basal diet, group 2 received basal diet and vitamin C (10 mg/kg/daily, intraperitoneal) for 35 days. Finally, right tail of epididymis was cut in Ham’s F10. Released sperm were used to analyze number, motility, morphology (Pap-staining) and viability (eosin-Y staining) of the sperm andDNA integrity and chromatin condensation assessments were ready by standard cytochemical techniques including: (AOT): Acridine orange, (AB): Aniline Blue, (TB): Toluidine blue and chromomycin A3 (CMA3). In vitamin C mice, a significant Increase was found in sperm number, sperm viability and sperm morphology compared to control group. Also a significant increase was found in sperm TB- (normal) and Ao- (double-stranded DNA) in vitamin c group compared to control group. It was concluded, vitamin C not only is able to improvement the sperm parameters but also increases sperm chromatin condensation and quality in mice.

[Mangoli E, Pourentezari M, Anvari M, Talebi AR, Nahangi H. The improvement of Sperm Parameters and Chromatin Quality by Vitamin C. Researcher 2012;4(11):43-49]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 5

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.05

 

Key words: Mice, Vitamin C, Sperm Parameters, Chromatin Quality

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Computer-Aided Data for Machinery Foundation Analysis and Design

 

Galal A. Hassaan* , Maha M. Lashin** and Mohammed A. Al-Gamil***

 

* Mechanical Design & Production Department, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University

** Mechanical Engineering Department, Shoubra Faculty of Engineering, Banha University

*** Mechanical Design & Production Department, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University

maha.lashin@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Data on soil properties and characteristics are essential for proper analysis and design of machinery foundations. Most of the data are available in the form of tables or graphical charts which are not suitable for computer-aided analysis and design. The paper collects some of the important soil data which are required to analyze and design foundations for machinery support. The date is molded in a curve fitting form suitable for computer-aided analysis and design of those foundations. The models used are in the form of polynomials, power models or complex 16-parameters models of multi-parameters models. The assigned models facilitate the optimal design of foundations for multiple purposes such as production machinery and turbo-machinery support and have multiple correlation coefficient ≥ 0.989.

 [Galal A. Hassaan , Maha M. Lashin and Mohammed A. Al-Gamil. Computer-Aided Data for Machinery Foundation Analysis and Design. Researcher 2012;4(11):50-58]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/research. 6

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.06

 

Keyword: soil; analysis; achinery; computer; foundation

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Design, fabrication and testing of solar dryer for drying cassava chip

 

Muhammadu Masin MUHAMMADU1 and Adebayo Ekundayo ABRAHAM2

 

Department of Mechanical Engineering,Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 65, Minna,Niger State, Nigeria

muhammadmasin@yahoo.com and ekundayoabraham@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: In this paper, design and fabrication of a passive integral solar dryer for an export grade cassava chips so as to attain a cassava chips with moisture content of between 12-14% with a higher quality void of bacteria and fungi infection at increased rate of dehydration. This was achieved by analyzing the processes involved in the solar dryer such as the heat and mass transfer within and outside the drying chamber. The maximum temperature of 43.8C was obtained in the drying chamber which is safe for the grain survival. Performances of the solar dryer depend on air flow rate and solar intensity. An improvement was made to improve the drying efficiency by designing a chimney to increase the buoyancy of air on the dryer, change of Perspex for glass due to its high transmittance value to increase the heat transfer and finally an increase in the inlet region which affect the air flow rate, relative humidity and moisture content. Finally, there is increase in efficiency due to high buoyancy force. And the improvement on the existing dryer has improved and retained the quality of cassava chips for livestock and human consumption. An efficiency of 52% and 48% was achieved in the Solar dryer and open air drying respectively.

[Muhammadu Masin MUHAMMADU and Adebayo Ekundayo ABRAHAM. Design, fabrication and testing of solar dryer for drying cassava chip. Researcher 2012;4(11):59-69]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/research. 7

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.07

 

Keywords: solar dryer, passive. Integral, cassava, chips, intensity, efficiency, fungi, Perspex, moisture content and transmittance.

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Evaluation of Phytochemicals, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of in vitro culture of Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.

 

Sharad Vats1*, Radhika Tiwari2, Afroz Alam1, Kambaska K. Behera1 and Ruchi Pareek2

 

1 Department of Bioscience & Biotechnology, Banasthali University-304022 (Rajasthan), India

2 Department of Biotechnology, IIS University, Jaipur-302020 (Rajasthan), India

*vats_sharad@yahoo.co.in

 

Abstract: Tissue culture of V. unguiculata L. Walp. was done on MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of phytohormones. Maximum callusing was observed in basal MS medium containing KN (5 ppm) and NAA (1 ppm) and minimum callusing in MS + BAP (1ppm) + IAA (0.1 ppm). The total phenolic content and total flavonoid content was found to be more in callus derived from MS + KN (5 ppm) and NAA (1 ppm) as compared to in vitro grown seedlings. The ethyl acetate fraction of callus was evaluated for its antimicrobial and antioxidant activity.

[Vats S, Sharma R, Alam A, Behera KK and Pareek R. Evaluation of Phytochemicals, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of in vitro culture of Vigna unguiculata L. Walp. Researcher 2012;4(11):70-74]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 8

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.08

 

Key words: V. unguiculata, callus, Total Phenol, Total Flavonoid, antimicrobial, antioxidant

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How is the rate constant for product formation expressed in terms of thermodynamic parameters?

 

Manjunath.R

 

#16/1, 8th Main Road, Shivanagar, Rajajinagar, Bangalore 560010, Karnataka, India

E-Mail: manjunath5496@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The prime purpose of this article is to express the rate constant for product formation in terms of thermodynamic parameters.

[Manjunath. R. How is the rate constant for product formation expressed in terms of thermodynamic parameters? Researcher 2012;4(11):75-76]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 9

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.09

 

Key words: bimolecular reaction; transition state theory; collision theory; thermodynamic parameters.

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Studies on Anguillicoliasis in cultured Anguilla anguilla fish farms in Delta region, Egypt with special reference to hematological, biochemical changes and treatment

 

Hussien A.M.Osman1, Abd El-Mohsen, H. Mohamed2, Ahmed. E. Noor El-Deen1 and Ahmed.M.E., El-Refaey3

 

1. Department of Hydrobiology, Veterinary Division, National Research Center, Dokki, Egypt

2. Department of Fish Diseases, Animal Health Research Institute, Dokki, Egypt

3. Central Laboratory for Aquaculture Research (CLAR), Abbasa, Abou Hammad, Sharkia, Egypt

dr.hussien_osman@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Nematode parasite, Anguillicola crassus (A. crassus) infests eels, Anguilla anguilla, causes pathological damage to the swim bladder, potentially compromising their ability to cope with hypoxic conditions and assist it for swimming. Present study aimed to investigate the clinical picture, hematological, biochemical changes in A. crassus infected eels in comparison with non infected eels and trials for treatment the Anguillicola crassus (A. crassus) infection for eels, Anguilla Anguilla. The study revealed that any change for vent color from normal to red or orange could be used as a diagnostic tool of disease. A. crassus infection more prevalent in small sized eels than larger ones, while larger eels harbored more parasites than smaller ones. The study recorded the clinical signs, postmortem lesions, prevalence, parasitic intensity of A. crassus, seasonal variation, hematological and biochemical changes in A. crassus infected eels, with a trial for treatment of cultured eels infected with A. crassus. using Moringa Oleifera leaf powder in the diet and Levamisol HcL as freshwater bath.

[Hussien A.M.Osman, Abd El-Mohsen, H. Mohamed, Ahmed. E. Noor El-Deen and Ahmed. M.E., El-Refaey. Studies on Anguillicoliasis in cultured Anguilla anguilla fish farms in Delta region, Egypt with special reference to hematological, biochemical changes and treatment. Researcher 2012; 4(11):77-83]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 10

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.10

 

Keywords: eels; A.anguilla anguilla; swim bladder; Anguillicoliasis; Moringa oleifera; leaf powder; levamisole HcL

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Effectiveness of Psycho-Educational Intervention Program on Anxiety and Depression of Patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus in Gaza Strip

 

1Emad S. Kuhail, 2Nefissa Abd El Kader, 2Wards Youssef

 

1Ministry of Health, Gaza, 2 Nursing Dept., Faculty of Nursing Cairo University,.

Emadkuhail@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Developing psycho-educational program is necessary for nurses to improve the psychological status (Anxiety & Depression) of patients with type 2 diabetes. The study aim was to assess the effect of psycho-educational intervention program on psychological status (anxiety & depression) of patients with type II Diabetes Mellitus in Gaza Strip. Quasi-experimental design (pre-test/post-test) was used in this study; from the accessible population 200 participants, 60 participants were chosen who have the highest score on depression and anxiety. Data were obtained in the study through three main categories; Socio-demographic and medical record, psychological depression and anxiety scale: to assess the level of anxiety and depression among type II DM. The research hypothesis is, the mean scores of post psycho-educational intervention will be lower than the mean scores pre intervention in study mean variables; (1) anxiety, (2) Depression level among type II DM. The study results; in the socio-demographic, the study showed that, 32 were females & 28 were males between 40 to 49 years old, 42 of participants were achieved grade 12 or less. The result showed a statistically significant differences in mean scores of participants’ Anxiety level pre, immediate post, and follow-up 3 months later after implementing the program that, decreased from 18.75 in the pre-intervention to 14.77 at t = 16.72 at p < 0.00 in the immediate post-intervention and reached 14.48 in the follow-up 3 months later at t = 2.54. p = < 0.014, the mean scores of depression level pre, immediate post & three months follow-up after the psycho-educational intervention program decreased from 18.7 in the pre-intervention to 15.4 in the immediate post-intervention at t = 16.2 at p = < 0.000 and reached 14.2 in the follow-up 3 months later at 10.3 at p = < 0.00. Pearson’s correlation analysis was used to assess the relationship between anxiety and depression and age, gender and monthly income of participants. It shows a non-significant statistical relationships related to age (r=.021 at p = 0.87), gender (r =.08, at p value = 0.54) and monthly income it shows inverse non-significant relationship with anxiety and depression (r =-0.14, p-value =0.27) indicating that participants who were gaining adequate income were likely to have less anxiety or depression. It is recommended to increase participants’ awareness of socioeconomic support agencies to ensure support and minimum respectable living. Further researches needed to be conducted over a longer period to promote the effectiveness of psycho- educational intervention psychotherapy and therapeutic regimens for Type II DM patient prognosis on a larger scale, particularly to focus on enduring psychological and physical exercises behaviors.

[Galal A. Hassaan, Maha M. Lashin and Mohammed A. Al-Gamil. Computer-Aided Data for Machinery Foundation Analysis and Design. Researcher 2012; 4(11):84-91]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 11

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.11

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Theoretical Study on the Structural Effect of Sulfur Containing Amino Acids As Corrosion Inhibitors On Brass In HClO4

 

Musa E. Mohamed 1,*, Kamal K. Taha 2

 

1, 2 Department of Chemistry, College of Applied and Industrial Sciences, University Of Bahri, Khartoum State, Khartoum, Sudan

 *e-mail address: musa.elballa@gmail.com; *Telephone number: 00249923023519, fax: 00-24985294191

 

Abstract: Quantum chemical calculations have been employed for the inhibition efficiency on Sulphur containing amino acids, Methionine (METH), cysteine (CYSH) and cystine (CYS) for brass in HClO4 by means of density functional theory (DFT) methods B3LYP/6-31G*, RHF/6-31G* and semi-empirical method (AM1) in gas phase, The calculated quantum chemical parameters correlated to the inhibition efficiency are, EHOMO, ELUMO, energy of the gap (DE), charge on the reactive center, dipole moments and global hardness. The order of inhibition efficiencies as follows: METH> CYSH> CYS.

[Musa E. Mohamed; Kamal K. Taha. Theoretical Study on the Structural Effect of Sulfur Containing Amino Acids As Corrosion Inhibitors On Brass In HClO4. Researcher 2012; 4(11):92-97]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 12

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.12

 

Keywords: Amino acids; Corrosion Inhibitors; Density Functional Theory Methods; Quantum Chemical Calculations.

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RAPD and morphological analysis of bryophytes - Thuidium tamariscinum (Hedw.) Schimp. and Hyophyla comosa Dixon in P. de la Varde

 

Afroz Alam*, Suphiya Khan, Vinay Sharma, S. C. Sharma and Aruna Rani

 

Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali University, Tonk-304022 (Rajasthan), India

*afrozalamsafvi@gmail.com

 

Abstract: DNA isolates of two moss species Thuidium tamariscinum (Hedw.) Schimp., and Hyophyla comosa Dixon in P. de la Varde, belong to morphologically distant families were analyzed using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) to find out the genomic relationship. The outcome of this preliminary work revealed that the taxonomy based on morphological characteristics is in accordance at molecular level. It strengthens the use of morphological parameters is still an important tool in current taxonomy.

[Afroz Alam, Suphiya Khan, Vinay Sharma, S. C. Sharma and Aruna Rani. RAPD and morphological analysis of bryophytes - Thuidium tamariscinum (Hedw.) Schimp. and Hyophyla comosa Dixon in P. de la Varde. Researcher 2012; 4(11):98-103]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 13

doi:10.7537/marsrsj041112.13

 

Keywords: Thuidium, Hyophyla, Pottiales, Hypnales, RAPD, taxonomy

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review starting from 9/25/2012. 

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