Science Journal


Volume 5 - Issue 5 (Cumulated No. 47), May 25, 2013, ISSN 1553-9865, Monthly
Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, Researcher 0505

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Titles / Authors




Impact of Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment on Sexuality of Nigerian Breast Cancer Survivors


*Elumelu TN., **Oladeji A., *Adenipekun A.,** Eriba L.


*Department of Radiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan

**Dept. of Radiotherapy, University College Hospital, Ibadan.,,,


ABSTRACT: Introduction: The advances in breast cancer treatments has led to an increased overall survival amongst patients with early breast cancer with five year survival reaching about 97% especially in the developed countries. The breast is often seen as the part of the body that is strongly associated with women's femininity, maternal role, and sexuality. Therefore, problems that affect the breast (e.g. breast cancer and its treatments) are likely to affect women’s sexuality. Approximately 20–30% of breast cancer survivors experience sexuality problems which include general sexual disruption, decreased frequency of intercourse, and difficulties reaching orgasm, which is significantly related to a reduction in their quality of life. Aim & Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the sexuality problems in young women who had completed treatment for breast cancer and on follow up appointment. Methodology: Women treated for breast cancer on at least six months follow up appointments after completion of their treatment at the Radiotherapy Department and oncology unit of Surgery Department, University College Hospital Ibadan were recruited. A 6-page questionnaire survey which includes demographic information, past medical history, stage of the disease, treatments received, sexual activity and quality of life, using survey items which included: The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Body Image Scale (BIS), and Marital Satisfaction Scale was administered to consenting patients. Results: A total of 101 patients completed the questionnaire; they were between the ages of 20 and 50 years, with mean, 40.74 + 5.18 years. 83% were conscious of their appearance. Body image problem reported by 81.3% of the patients, and 73% claimed that the treatment has left their body less whole. 76.2% felt discomfort with nudity because of the scar. The most frequent sexual dysfunctions were the absence or reduction of sexual desire (83.2%), followed by lubrication difficulties (69%), dyspareunia (55%) and inhibited female orgasm (55%). Lack of sexual satisfaction was reported by 73.3%. About 30% reported increased tension in their home following diagnosis of the cancer and its treatments and about the same percentage reported emotional difficulties with their spouses. Conclusion: This study demonstrated7 sexuality dysfunctions in women who had undergone breast cancer treatment. Clinicians should bear in mind sexual dysfunctions as possible side effects that could be experienced during and after treatment for breast cancer and so should be considered during counseling sessions while managing these patients.

[Elumelu TN., Oladeji A., Adenipekun A., Eriba L. Impact of Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment on Sexuality of Nigerian Breast Cancer Survivors. Researcher 2013;5(5):1-8]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). 1



Key words: Breast cancer, Sexuality, Women

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Public Key Cryptography for mobile payment


T K Mohanta1, R K Samantaray2, (Dr) R P Panda3


1. Dept.of Electronics & Communication Engg, Sudhananda  Engg & Research center, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

2. Dept.of Electronics & Communication Engg, REC, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

3. Vssut, Burla, Odisha, India.


Abstract: Since the mobile systems are growing quickly, the e-commerce will change gently to m-commerce. As a result, mobile security will become the one of the most important part of mobile system and will become the hottest area facing the mobile payment due to mobile networks directness. However, the appropriate encryption scheme for mobile communication must have small amount of data calculating and quick operation as of its inherent restrictions of small quantity and low calculating ability. The objectives of this paper are to look at mobile payment and its security. Also, to explain elliptic curve with public key encryption, authentication of security wireless milieu. Compare with the RSA scheme, an elliptic curve has shorter key size, smaller signature length, low calculating, fast operations and high security working.

[T K Mohanta, R K Samantaray, R P Panda. Public Key Cryptography for mobile payment. Researcher 2013;5(5):9-13]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). 2



Keywords: RSA, elliptic curve scheme, digital signature, encryption and decryption.

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[Researcher 2013;5(5):14-25]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). 3. doi:10.7537/marsrsj050513.03


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Design & Analysis Of H¥ Controller For Blood Glucose Regulation In Type­1 Diabetes Patient


A K Patra1, R K Samantaray2, (Dr) P K Rout3*


1. Department of Electronics & Electrical engineering, I.T.E.R, ‘SOA’ University, Odisha, India

2. Dept. of Electronics & Communication Engg, REC, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

3. I.T.E.R, ‘SOA’ University, Odisha, India


Abstract: The target is to achieve some adaptive & robust controller for blood glucose regulation in presence of all sorts of disturbances in terms of physiological parameter variations,process and measurement noises. The state of the art in closed loop control of drug delivery using implant able has been reviewed & H¥ controller for the device has been designed & tested. The designed of the controller is mainly based on non linear modeling & robust structure constrained controller & also related problems like sample data control etc. The robust closed loop control algorithms for insulin infusion to maintain normoglycaemia in patient have been developed in one important method, that is H∞ control for the state feed back design with parameter uncertainties & external disturbances to assure robust closed loop stability in all possible patient conditions.

[A K Patra, R K Samantaray, P K Rout. Design & Analysis Of H¥ Controller For Blood Glucose Regulation In Type­1 Diabetes Patient. Researcher 2013;5(5):26-34]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). 4



Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Glucose insulin model, insulin infusion, linear matrix inequality & H¥ control.

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Secure and Authentication Communication in GSM, GPRS, and UMTS Using Asymmetric Cryptography


T K Mohanta1, R K Samantaray2, S Panda3


1. Dept. of Electronics & Communication .Engg, Sudhananda Engg & Research center, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

2. Dept. of Electronics & Communication Engg, REC, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

3. Dept. of Electronics & Communication Engg, REC, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.


Abstract: With its great features like providing access to users at anytime and anywhere in the world, mobile communication has been very attractive among the users as well as operators and service providers. However, despite of several advantages, mobile communication has also been facing many security problems. In 2G and 3G technologies like GSM, GPRS and UMTS, the architectures comprise of mainly three nodes; the mobile station (MS), Visitor Location Register/Serving GPRS Support Node (VLR/SGSN), and Home Location Register /Authentication Center (HLR/AuC). These nodes are involved to encrypt/decrypt the data and authenticate the user (MS) in GSM, GPRS and UMTS. To provide security services like authentication and secure communication, the mechanism has been moved from symmetric cryptography to, despite of its complexity, asymmetric cryptography. To reduce the signaling overhead and add some other security features, we propose a new generalized approach in this paper. This is based on asymmetric cryptography for user/network authentication and communication encryption in GSM/GPRS and UMTS with reduced signaling overhead.

[T K Mohanta, R K Samantaray, S Panda. Secure and Authentication Communication in GSM, GPRS, and UMTS Using Asymmetric Cryptography. Researcher 2013;5(5):35-40]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). 5



Keywords: GSM, GPRS, UMTS, Authentication, Security, Asymmetric Key Cryptography.

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Modeling of Optical-Fiber Communications Systems by Split-Step Fourier Method


N Das1, G S Roy2, R N Satapathy3*


1. Hi-Tech Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

2. CHSE, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

3. Hi-Tech Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India


Abstract: We studied the efficiency of different implementations of the split-step Fourier method for solving the nonlinear Schrödinger equation that employ different step-size selection criteria. We compared the performance of the different implementations for a variety of pulse formats and systems, including higher order solitons, collisions of soliton pulses, a single-channel periodically stationary dispersion-managed soliton system, and chirped return to zero systems with single and multiple channels. We introduce a globally third-order accurate split-step scheme, in which a bound on the local error is used to select the step size. In many cases, this method is the most efficient when compared with commonly used step-size selection criteria, and it is robust for a wide range of system providing a system-independent rule for choosing the step sizes. We find that a step-size selection method based on limiting the nonlinear phase rotation of each step is not efficient for many optical-fiber transmission systems, although it works well for solitons. We also tested a method that uses a logarithmic step-size distribution to bound the amount of spurious four-wave mixing. This method is as efficient as other second-order schemes in the single-channel dispersion-managed soliton system, while it is not efficient in other cases including multichannel simulations. We find that in most cases, the simple approach in which the step size is held constant is the least efficient of all the methods. Finally, we implemented a method in which the step size is inversely proportional to the largest group velocity difference between channels. This scheme performs best in multichannel optical communications systems for the values of accuracy typically required in most transmission simulations.

[N Das, G S Roy, R N Satapathy. Modeling of Optical-Fiber Communications Systems by Split-Step Fourier Method. Researcher 2013;5(5):41-49]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). 6



Keywords: Optical fiber communication, optical solitons, split-step Fourier method (SSFM), time-frequency analysis.

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Job Satisfaction of Rural and Urban Male and Female Higher Secondary School Teachers: A Comparative Study of District Srinagar and Anantnag


Mohammad Ibrahim Wani, Javid Ahmad Bhat and Asooda Ali


Ph. D. Research Scholar of CCAS, University of Kashmir, Srinagar190006

M. Ed. Student Department of Education, University of Kashmir, Employees in J&K Bank, India


ABSTRACT: Job satisfaction is a set of favorable or unfavorable feelings and emotions with which employees view their works. It refers to a collection of attitudes that workers have about their job. The present study was conducted to investigate the rural/urban male and female Higher Secondary school teachers about job satisfaction. Study is descriptive in nature and Job Satisfaction Scale (JSS, English version) by Amar Singh and T.R. Sharma that has been published by National Psychological Corporation; Agra is used, in order to assess the job satisfaction of higher secondary school teachers. The data were collected from 200 teachers selected from all Govt. Higher Secondary schools in each district .The findings were drawn after the descriptive and inferential analysis, Means, Standard Deviation and‘t’ test, was run to test the hypotheses. Generally, there is significant difference between urban and rural male/female teachers’ job satisfaction.

[Mohammad Ibrahim Wani, Javid Ahmad Bhat and Asooda Ali. Job Satisfaction of Rural and Urban Male and Female Higher Secondary School Teachers: A Comparative Study of District Srinagar and Anantnag. Researcher 2013;5(5):50-53]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). 7



Keywords: Job satisfaction, Attitude, Govt. Higher Secondary Schools, Urban and rural teachers, Working conditions.

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Analysis of Phytochemical Content and Antibacterial Activity of Tapinanthus dodoneifolius Extracts


1Ndamitso, M.M. , 2 Musah, M., 1Mohammed-Hadi, Z., 1Idris, S.,  1Tijani O.J., 1Shaba E.Y. and 2Umar, A.


1.       Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

2.       Department of Chemistry, Niger State College of Education, Minna, Nigeria


Abstract: African mistletoe (Tapinanthus dodoneifolius) (DC), a plant parasite used ethnomedicinally for the treatment of several human and animal ailments including stomach ache, diarrhoea, dysentery, wound, cancer and hypertension was subjected to both phytochemical and antibacterial screening. The result of the phytochemical screening showed the occurrence of anthraquinones, saponins, carbohydrates, tannins, and alkaloids but absence of phlobatannins in the hemi-parasite. The In vitro assaying of the extracts using agar plate-hole and nutrient broth dilution techniques revealed a wide spectrum of antimicrobial activities against certain multiple drug resistant bacteria isolates with Salmonella typhi and Staphylococcus aureus being the most susceptible while Bacillus subtilis was the least. The inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the extracts ranged from 6.25 to 15.6mg/ml while the maximum bactericidal concentration (MBC) ranged from 25.0 to 62.5mg/ml. Interestingly, the antimicrobial activity of these extracts against the growth of Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Staphilococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa; the bacterial species known to be associated with either crown gall or gastrointestinal tract and wound infections gave credence to the ethno-medicinal usage of the plant. Since the antibacterial activities and the phytochemical constituents of Tapinanthus dodoneifolius could partly be dependent on the host plant species and since the locust beans tree upon which this plant grows has a wide variety of ethno-medicinal applications, the wide traditional applications of this parasitic plant could also be explained on this basis.

[Ndamitso, M.M.,  Musah, M., Mohammed-Hadi, Z., Idris, S., Tijani, O.J., Shaba E.Y. and Umar, A. Analysis of Phytochemical content and Antibacterial Activity of Tapinanthus dodoneifolius Extracts. Researcher 2013;5(5):54-59]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). 8



Keywords: Phytochemicals; ethno-medicinal; antibacterial; anthraquinone; alkaloids; Tapinanthus dodoneifolius.

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Evaluation of Wastewater (Effluent) from Rubber Latex Concentrate for Microbiological and Phyciso-Chemical Properties.


Omorusi, Victor Irogue


Plant Protection Division, Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B. 1049, Iyanomo, Benin City, Nigeria.


Abstract: Samples of effluent (wastewater) of rubber latex obtained from the rubber latex processing stand at the Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria main station, Iyanomo, were investigated for the microbiological quantities, physical and chemical characteristics. The results revealed high total viable counts (TVC) for bacteria ranging from 7.4 x 105–2.05 x 106 and 1.07 x 106–2.13 x 106 cfu/ml for the initial and repeat studies, respectively, while the total counts for fungi recorded for the initial and repeat experiments ranged from 1.4 x 105–4.6 x 105 and 8.6 x 104–4.6 x 105 cfu/ml respectively, were obtained. The physiochemical concentrations detected in the samples included calcium (4.92mg/l). magnesium (9.15 mg/l), potassium (7.99 mg/l) and zinc 91.50 mg/l). Lead and cadmium were however, not detected in the sample analyzed. The pH (5.29) level indicated acidity of effluents, while a levels of alkalinity (8.50), temperature (32oC), hardness (54.80) and turbidity (62.00mg/l) were recorded. High values of BOD (320 mg/l) and COD (911.00mg/l) were indicative of high oxygen demand for the oxidation of total solids of organic origin. This work provides information on the hazardous nature of latex effluents on the environment and public health, and suggestions on the safe procedure of handling of effluents.

[Omorusi, Victor Irogue. Evaluation of Wastewater (Effluent) from Rubber Latex Concentrate for Microbiological and Phyciso-Chemical Properties. Researcher 2013;5(5):60-63]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). 9



Key words: Hevea, Effluent, Latex concentrate, Physical, Chemical, Properties.

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Background Extraction Technique in Thermal Imagery; Case Studies during Hajj


Adnan Ghazi Abuarafah


Vice Dean for Academic Affairs, Faculty of Computer of and IS, Umm Al- Qura University, Makkah, SA


Abstract: Analyzing crowd density in huge crowds like Hajj is very important and background extraction is an effective image processing method to calculate the accurate density of crowd. An advanced and improved approach is introduced based on the background extraction from thermal images to calculate the accurate density of crowd during Hajj 1433H. Firstly, we will get the thermal video frames. They consist of people with background shadows and objects. We then calculate the average of all video frames to get the background image and then the background is removed. The crowd density is then calculated and the robustness of our approach is demonstrated through multiple case studies which gives an accurate results of crowd density calculation and proves to be an enhanced approach.

[Adnan Ghazi Abuarafah. Background Extraction Technique in Thermal Imagery; Case Studies during Hajj. Researcher 2013;5(5):64-74]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). 10



Keywords: Person detection; thermal imagery; FLIR; background noise; hajj crowd.

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Disaster Management Plan for Nanded City by Using Geographical Information System


Yannawar V.B1. Bhosle A.B.2, Khadke P.A.3, Waghmare P.B4


4Research Scholar, 2,3Assistant Professor

School of Earth Sciences, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Vishnupuri, Nanded 431606, (Maharashtra) India.



Abstract: This paper is an attempt to prepare disaster management plan for Nanded city (MH) India. Objectives: The objective of the research is to time wise service area calculation for fire station and ambulance. Preparation of buffer zone maps for flood prone area. Generation of facility zone for police stations. Methods: The random distortions were corrected using well distributed ground control points occurring in raw data. To achieve plan metric accuracy, the remote sensing scene was rectified with respect to SOI maps on 1:50,000 scale. Then the subset of image has been taken according to the boundary of the study area. The digital classification technique has been used for the extraction of the land use and land cover information from the imagery. Results: Using GIS for Preparing Disaster management plan for Nanded city. Conclusions: It is found that major population having areas are of Nanded city i.e. Anand Nagar, Sahayog Nagar, Ambedkar Nagar, Manyar Galli, Bramhapuri, Umar Colony, Bilal Nagar, Labor Colony, Jaibhim Nagar, Shiv Nagar, Jangamwadi, Hanuman gad, Mandhai, Ram Rahim Nagar, Sidhnathpuri, Ambekar Nagar and Shobha Nagar. This growth is subsequently found in same area of Nanded city that make problem in feature for disaster management.

[Yannawar V.B., Bhosle A.B., Khadke P.A., Waghmare P.B. Disaster Management Plan for Nanded City by Using Geographical Information System Researcher 2013;5(5):75-80]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). 11



Keywords: Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Disaster management plan, flooding, hazard risk management.

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Isolation and Identification of Staphylococci Species from Fermented Salt Fish (Fassiekh)


Arafat M. Goja


Department of Food Science & Technology

Faculty of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Bakht Alruda, Ed Dueim, Sudan.



Abstract: Fassiekh is one of the fermented fish produced in different parts of Sudan, especially in coastal cities. It is made from the two common Nile fish, locally named Kawara (Alestes spp.) and Kass (Hydrocyonus spp.) which was most preferred by Sudanese consumers. The aim of this study was to isolate and identify the Staphylococcus species present in the salted fassiekh produced in Ed Dueim city. Three types of samples (Dry salted fassiekh, Paste fassiekh and Wet salted fassiekh) were collected from different retails in sterile polyethylene bags and stored in ice containers. The laboratory analysis began immediately after arrival using pour plate methods and biochemical tests to evaluate total viable bacterial load and Stataphylococcus spp. (Staph. spp.) existence in fassiekh. Total viable counts were ranged from (4.0×103 - 1.8×106 cfu/g); Staphylococci counts (1.1×103 - 1.9×104 cfu/g). Seven isolates belonging to five species were isolated and identified: Staph.saccharolyticus (43.0%) predominate in all samples, and then followed by Staph.epidermidis, Staph.caprac, Staph.carnosus and Staph.schleiferi with the frequency (14.3%) respectively. The results from this study revealed that the unhygienic practices of fasiekh making, and the higher number of bacterial load and staphylococci count may pose hazards to human health.

[Arafat M. Goja. Isolation and Identification of Staphylococci Species from Fermented Salt Fish (Fassiekh). Researcher 2013;5(5):81-85]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). 12



Key words: Salted fish, Fassiekh, Staphylococcus spp.,  Coagulase, Ed Dueim

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review starting from 3/30/2013. 

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