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Volume 6 - Issue 7 (Cumulated No. 61), July 25, 2014, ISSN 1553-9865, Monthly
            Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, Researcher 0607. doi:10.7537/j.issn.1553-9865
 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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No.

1

An architecture design for low aborting rate (LAR) Concurrency control in mobile databases

 

Fatemeh Abdi Saghavaz

 

fasaabdi@nima.ac.ir

 

Abstract: In the mobile environments, due to some specific features such as the bandwidth restriction, displacement in various geographical regions and disconnection, the efficient and cost-effective design of the concurrency control mechanisms, require techniques that are completely different from the distributed databases. Although the concurrency control protocols which are suggested for the distributed environments can be developed for the mobile environments, their efficiency might be very different from that of the distributed environments[9]. In the suggested plan, we offered a new architecture for the mobile database in which a set of cells form a region and one of these cells under the name ‘mobile transaction manager’(MTM) is responsible for the transactions concurrency control which is very suitable for the mobile databases. Also, the suggested concurrency control mechanism which is adopted from an optimistic approach is able to significantly reduce the aborting rate of the transactions in the mobile environment using the transactions early termination mechanism and ignoring some conflictions.

[Fatemeh Abdi Saghavaz. An architecture design for low aborting rate (LAR) Concurrency control in mobile databases. Researcher 2014;6(7):1-10]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 1. doi:10.7537/marsrsj060714.01

 

Keywords: Mobile Database, Optimistic Concurrency Control,  Conflicting Transaction

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2

       Duals of Riesz bases in finitely or countably  generated  Hilbert C*-modules

 

Azita Barani

 

MSc of Mathematics, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Lorestan University, Iran

a_baran27@yahoo.com.sg 

 

Abstract: We investigate frames, Riesz bases and their dual modular frames in Hilbert C*-modules. A Riesz basis for a Hilbert  C*-modules can have many different dual modular frames which are not necessarily Riesz bases and they always are not unique. We characterize those Riesz basis that have unique duals. Finally, we obtain a necessary and suffieint condition for a dual of a Riesz bases to be again a Riesz bases.

[Azita Barani. Duals of Riesz bases in finitely or countably  generated  Hilbert  QUOTE   C*-modules.. Researcher 2014;6(7):11-18]. (ISSN:1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher 2. doi:10.7537/marsrsj060714.02

 

Keywords: Hilbert  C*-modules, Frame, Riesz bases, Dual modular frames

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3

Soil Survey of parasitic infection in public parks in south of Fars province

 

Mohammad Zareie1, Ahad Oleyaei2, Ali Karimi2

 

1. Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Kazeroon Branch, Fars province, Iran

2. Assistant Professor and Faculty Member of Veterinary Medicine, Kazeroon Branch, Fars province, Iran

dvm.zareie68@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Parks are public places where large numbers of people to spend a day in each city for leisure, play, recreation and eating. Many parasitic contaminations spend at least one of their life cycles in the soil to feed and that's why soils especially in busy and crowded areas, if they are infected, they contribute to the transmission of parasitic infections in humans. In this study, the approximately 15 parks were selected and studied proposed named Organization of green space and parks of the province's five southernmost city Fasa, Jahrom, khonj, Estahban and Darab which is relatively large and publicly acceptable. A total of 150 soil samples from different areas of the park including children's play area, the bathrooms, where people sit around the buffet parks and green space sampling were performed. From February 2012 to July 2013 monthly samples were taken, approximately 5 monthly samples would be taken from the city, but also a mixture of soil samples taken from several locations that were intervals. After transferring the samples to the laboratory using sieve 400 and matter of saturated sediment and floating method possible parasitic infection was investigated. Of 150 soil samples, 95 samples (63.4%) with infection and 55 cases (36.6%), no contamination was detected. The city of Darab study with 24 patients (80%) and highest khonj with 13 (43.33%) had the lowest contamination. Also, Fasa, Jahrom and Estahban were contaminated (60%), (56.67%) and (76.67%), respectively. 95 cases of infection were diagnosed in 33 cases (34.7%), 23 (24.2%), 11 cases (11.57%) and 17 cases (17.96%) in order to investigate the children's play area around the restroom, seating people, parks and green space has been around the buffet.

[Mohammad Zareie, Ahad Oleyaei. Soil Survey of parasitic infection in public parks in south of Fars province. Researcher 2014;6(7):19-24]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 3. doi:10.7537/marsrsj060714.03

 

Key words: parasitic infection; public parks; Fars province

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4

Effect of Aqueous Extract of Alchornea Laxiflora (Benth) Leaf on Gastric pH and Disaccharidases in Iron Deficient Rats

 

Olatunde, A., Oladiji, A.T., Yakubu, M.T. and Oloyede, H.O.B.

 

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.

E-mail: olatundeahmed@gmail.com. Telephone: +234 7038720676

 

Abstract: The effects of administration of aqueous extract of Alchornea laxiflora leaf at the doses of 100, 200 and 300 mg/kg body weight on Gastric pH and Disaccharidases (maltase, lactase and sucrase) in iron deficient rats were investigated. Thirty six albino rats (51.171.02g) were used for the study. Eight rats were fed on iron-sufficient diet while the remaining twenty eight were made iron deficient by maintaining them on iron deficient diets. After five weeks of feeding, haematological parameters (PCV, Hb, RBC, MCV, MCH and MCHC) of the iron-deficient rats were significantly reduced compared with rats fed on iron-sufficient diets (p<0.05). The iron-deficient rats were then treated with the extract, reference iron drug (FeSO4) and iron-sufficient diets for two weeks. The gastric pH and activities of the disaccharidases (maltase, lactase and sucrase) of rats of the iron deficient group were significantly reduced (p<0.05) compared with the rats fed on iron sufficient diets (control). The result revealed that the level of gastric pH of untreated iron deficient rats was 2.59 while the level of gastric pH of iron-deficient rats administered with aqueous extract of Alchornea laxiflora leaf at doses of 100, 200 and 300 mg/kg body weight increased to 3.26, 3.58 and 3.53 respectively. Furthermore, there was a significant (P<0.05) increase in the activities of disaccharidases of the iron-deficient rats at all doses of the extract. The results indicate that the administration of aqueous extract of A. laxiflora leaves has reversed anaemic conditions in the iron-deficient rats.

[Oladiji, A.T., Olatunde, A., Yakubu, M.T. and Oloyede, H.O.B. Effect of Aqueous Extract of Alchornea Laxiflora (Benth) Pax Leaf on Gastric pH and Disaccharidases in Iron Deficient Rats. Researcher 2014;6(7):25-31]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 4. doi:10.7537/marsrsj060714.04

 

Keywords: Disaccharidases; Gastric pH; Alchornea Laxiflora; Small intestine; Iron-deficiency anaemia

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5

Improving Genetic algorithm for the web pages classification problem

 

Solmaz Hedayati

 

Department of Computer Engineering, College of Engineering and Technology, Kazerun Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kazerun, Iran

hedayati_solmaz@yahoo.com, hedayati.solmaz62@gmail.com

 

Abstract: In the past two decades, there have been proposed several algorithms for the web pages classification problem that majority of them are in the field of evolutionary algorithms such as Genetic algorithm. Moreover, Performance of Genetic algorithm associated with the web pages classification problem is significantly positive. In this paper, we try to improve both operators crossover and mutation of Genetic algorithm which have upgraded performance of this algorithm on the web pages classification problem. Then, We have attempted to find an appropriate adjustment of two operators: crossover and mutation and the most possible and proper examples in each generation, and then use the stated samples in subsequent generations. In other words, we have tried to maintain good features and good examples of each generation to pass on future generations. It can be called the exploitation of knowledge problem, expresses that we used the previous steps to take next steps. We also examine aspects of exploration and exploitation by setting the operators: crossover and mutation. Thus, the proposed algorithm has been moving in a right direction to find the best example or classifier. Furthermore, we have tested the proposed algorithm on benchmark datasets such as Conference, Course, Student. Our conclusion shows better performance of the proposed algorithm in comparison to basic Genetic algorithm, NB and KNN classifiers. The proposed algorithm shows 97% accuracy on a dataset Course.

[Hedayati S. Improving Genetic algorithm for the web pages classification problem. Researcher 2014;6(7):32-37]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 5. doi:10.7537/marsrsj060714.05

 

Key words: Genetic algorithm, Operator crossover, Operator mutation, Explore, Exploit.

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6

Introducing manager's communicational skill factors and it's relation with organizational performance in Shemiranat’ City welfare

 

PhD Mohammad Reza Mostofi*; Vahid Ghorbani**

 

* Professor and Faculty Member of Islamic Azad University Naragh

** Master of Public Administration, Islamic Azad University Naragh

 

Abstract: In the research, we ask for introducing manager's communicational skill factors and it's relation with organizational performance. So finally, by using different models and negotiating with respected teachers, we determine five indexes for manager's communicational skills which are below: 1-expressivity, 2- empathy, 3- supportiveness, 4- positivity, 5- equality. After determining manager's communicational skill indexes and their priority, we ask for doing an effectiveness test of the skills on employee's organizational performance. In continue we would reply to the question: "Shemiranat County has desirable relation with employees or not? At the end, we evaluate performance methods by consider to communicational skills in Shemiranat welfare office. Our research society is composed of supervisors and deputies of different departments and experts which have bachelor regardless their degrees (educational certificates) but by consider to the gotten statistics from personnel department Shemiranat welfare office and related departments. The total employee number in the County is equal to 720 persons. So our statistical society is composed of 340 persons with purposed attribute.  In the research, we used library studies and interview with teachers and experts for data gathering tool in determining manager's communicational skill factors, and a pretest in one phase was performed for evaluating related propositions from questionnaires and for evaluating questionnaire reliability before doing final test in the research. So 40 questionnaires randomly distributed in focused society and after gathering the questionnaires by using the stability coefficient in SPSS Software, we calculate α Cranach in the research. The quality for the coefficient was equal to 0.915 which show high reliability for the questionnaires. After performing a pretest by consider to statistical society number, the studied sample volume was determined and equally the questionnaires randomly distributed among employees in different departments. After completing them, opportunely 177 questionnaires were received completely. At the end, after data entering and analyzing them, we conclude the below results: The research results show that manager's communicational skill factors (expressivity, empathy, supportiveness, positives, equality) affect on organizational performance. Also, it's proved that organization managers haven't desirable communicational skill managers with employees and relation between communicational skill managers and employees organizational performance is inappropriate thought not having appropriate between communicational skills. In dispatching index priority by Friedman test, it's proved that the highest average rank is related to empathy and the smallest is related to equality.

[PHD Mohammad Reza Mostofi, Vahid Ghorbani. D Introducing manager's communicational skill factors and it's relation with organizational performance in Shemiranat’ City welfare. Researcher 2014;6(7):38-49]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 6. doi:10.7537/marsrsj060714.06

 

Key words: Communications, Communicational skill, Organizational performance, expressivity, empathy, supportiveness, positivity, equality

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7

Comparative Study of in vitro Biodegradation of Spent Lubricating oil by Aspergillus niger and Bacillus Subtilis

 

*Stephen, E1, Emmanuel, O.S. and Okwute, L. O2

 

1. Department of Microbiology, Kogi State University Anyigba, Nigeria

2. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Abuja, Nigeria

Telephone: +234-8036347036; Email: psychsea07@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Comparative study of biodegradation of spent lubricating oil by Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis was studied for 16 days. pH, turbidity, nitrate, phosphorus and Gas Chromatographic analysis (GC-MS) of the medium was carried out. The result showed lower pH, nitrate and phosphorus level in B. subtilis medium compared to A. niger medium and the control. The GC-MS revealed that more compounds were degraded by B. subtilis than A. niger. Methylbenzene, ethlybenzene, hexadecane were degraded into benzene and hexadecanoic acid while Azulene and benzene were not degraded further by both organisms. This study suggests that B subtilis grows and metabolize compounds in spent lubricating oil better than A. niger.

[Stephen, E, Emmanuel, O.S. and Okwute, L. O. Comparative study of in vitro Biodegradation of Spent lubricating oil by Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis. Researcher 2014;6(7):50-57]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 7. doi:10.7537/marsrsj060714.07

 

Key words: azulene, biodegradation, benzene, spent lubricating oil, turbidity

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8

Anti-diabetic Activity of Aqueous Extract of Curcuma longa (Linn) Rhizome in Normal and Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats

 

*1Olatunde, A., 1Joel E.B., 2Tijjani H., 3Obidola S.M. and 1Luka C.D.

 

1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria

2DBR Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Nigeria

3Department of Crop Production Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Nigeria

*olatundebch@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The present study was carried out to investigate the anti-diabetic activity of aqueous extract of Curcuma longa rhizome in both normal and alloxan induced diabetic rats. Alloxan-induced diabetic and non-diabetic rats were administered orally with aqueous extract of Curcuma longa rhizome at 200 mg/kg for 28 days, after which the blood glucose, protein, albumin and lipid profile were determined and compared with the normal control. There was a significant (p<0.05) increase in the level of blood glucose, total cholesterol, Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL), triglyceride (TG) and a significant (p<0.05) decrease in the level of High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), total protein, albumin and body weight of the diabetic untreated rats. Oral administration of aqueous extract of Curcuma longa rhizome at a dose of 200 mg/kg body weight for 28 days to diabetic rats resulted in a reversal of the above diabetic conditions. Phytochemical screening of the aqueous, acetone and ethanolic extract of Curcuma longa rhizome revealed the presence of alkaloids, cardiac glycoside and resins while flavonoids, tannins, saponins, balsams and phenols were not detected in all solvent extracts. The data from this study suggest that the aqueous extract of Curcuma longa rhizome used in the study possesses anti-diabetic activities and could be used for the management of diabetes and associated metabolic alterations.

[Olatunde, A., Joel E.B., Tijjani H., Obidola S.M. and Luka C.D. Anti-diabetic Activity of Aqueous Extract of Curcuma longa (Linn) Rhizome in Normal and Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats. Researcher 2014;6(7):58-65]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 8. doi:10.7537/marsrsj060714.08

 

Keywords: Curcuma longa;  Rhizome; Diabetes; Phytochemicals; Lipid profile; Solvent

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9

Planning the strategic scenario of Iranian foreign policy to Iraqi revolution (Based on non-critical certainty method)

 

Ali Akbar Mohammadzadeh

 

Master's degree in International Relations, Imam Khomeini International University of Qazvin

Mohammadzadeh.arshad@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The future of modern Iraq needs revolutions having changed its power structure and identity to cause revolutions in geopolitics and Middle East actors. The presence of Shiites and Kurdish in power structure of Baghdad, the elimination of vengeful regime of Baath, the change of “Arabic- Sunny “to “Arabic-Shiite –Kurdish” in political environment of Iraq, the presence of trans-regional of US and other regional actors in the preparation and revolution trend of modern Iraq have forced Iran to make special political strategies of security to these realities. There are concerns including presence of Shiites in the top of political pyramid of Iraq, Kurdish agent, border issues, and the interests of regional actors, explaining and compiling the strategic approaches of Iran in Iraq. Now, according to above issues, what scenarios can be design for the future of foreign policy of Iran against Iraqi revolutions? Effective trends have been investigated by writing scenario method. After knowing trends and strategic progressives, progressives’ position without above certainty which now are most important ones, has been determined by using experts’ view (professors of universities, and researchers who are activate in this field), and non-certainties of “ religious challenges and challenges resulting from ethnic identities “ and “ political- strategic effects “ and “ the interests of international and regional competitors of Iran in new Iraq “ have been considered as “ most important non certainties “. According to the significant relation of three non-certainties, three-dimension environment has been formed. Strategic scenario environment of foreign policy of Iran will be compiled and explained in future with regarding appropriate combination for designed environment.

[Ali Akbar Mohammadzadeh. Planning the strategic scenario of Iranian foreign policy to Iraqi revolution (Based on non-critical certainty method). Researcher 2014;6(7):66-76]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 9. doi:10.7537/marsrsj060714.09

 

Key words: writing scenario, non-certainty, foreign policy, Iraq revolutions

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10

Investigation on DSMC by using pareto set through fuzzy boundary impact

 

Iman Ashkani

 

MSc in Mechanical Engineering, Applied Design Trends, Guilan University

ashkaniiman@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This study develops to employ time-varying boundary layer thickness in order to obtain optimum results for Decouple Sliding-Mode Controllers (DSMC) from the point of view of settling time and declining tracking-error. Sliding-mode controllers based on a time varying boundary layer thickness are more preferable to the fixed-boundary layer method for tracking. All the Sliding-mode controllers contain two principal and cardinal sections. The first section is the reaching mode or reaching condition, which is also called nonsliding mode. The second section is the sliding condition in which the trajectory essentially tends to the origin of the phase plane. The variation of Pareto-set achievements, which contrast each other, leads to selecting the best results from this Pareto front.

[Iman Ashkani. Investigation on DSMC by using pareto set through fuzzy boundary impact. Researcher 2014;6(7):77-92]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 10. doi:10.7537/marsrsj060714.10

 

Key words: Boundary layer thickness; Fuzzy Logic; Genetic Algorithm; NSGA-II

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11

Assessment of Phenotypic Variations in Ten Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana(L) Gaertn) Landraces Germplasm Collected From Northern Nigeria

 

1Umar, I. D. (Corresp Author) and 2Kwon-Ndung, E.H.

 

1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria

Email : idumaru2013@gmail.com; Phone : +2348036516782

2Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University, Lafia, Nigeria.

Email : kwon_dung@yahoo.com; Phone: +2348036488345

 

Abstract: Germplasm identification and characterization is an important link between conservation and utilization of plant genetic resources. The present study was conducted to assess the phenotypic variation/diversity of 10 germplasm accessions of Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L) Gaertn) from diverse locations in the geographic region of Northern Nigeria during the 2008, 2009 and 2010 cropping seasons. Randomised Complete Block Design (RCBD) was used for the study and field data were analysed based on phenotypic characters.  Phenotypes were found to express significant diversity for plant height, 1000seed weight, leaf length and number of tillers. The results were analysed using ANOVA model and showed that plant height in accession Ex-Kwi was significantly different from all the other nine accessions while the highest leaf length which was recorded in Ex-Riyom  was significantly different (p<0.05) from accession Ex-Dantse. Similarly, significant variations were observed in the number and length of fingers, and 1000seed weight across all the accessions. Cluster analyses revealed six distinct groups, with one landrace forming an independent colony.  Our results suggest a high phenotypic variability, which could exist among the selected morphological traits.

[Umar, I. D., Kwon-Ndung, E.H. Assessment of Phenotypic Variations in Ten Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana(L) Gaertn) Landraces Germplasm Collected From Northern Nigeria. Researcher 2014;6(7):93-96]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 11. doi:10.7537/marsrsj060714.11

 

Keywords: Germplasm, Eleusine coracana, characterization, Finger millet

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12

Comparing Four Different Squash Hybrids on Growing Degree Days (GDD) Bases

 

Fatma S. Moursy, I. I. Sadek, M. A. M. Heggi and A. A. Farag

 

Central laboratory for Agricultural Climate (CLAC), Agricultural Research Center, Giza- Egypt

 

Abstract: This investigation was conducted during two seasons (2012 and 2013) at the Central Laboratory for Agricultural Climate (CLAC) Dokki, Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Giza, Egypt. The experiment aimed to study the effect of four different sowing date (March 23rd, April 2nd, April 12th and April 22nd) and four Squash hybrids (Cucurbita pepo L. Eskandarany, Marzouka, Revera and Rosina). The experimental design was a split-plot with four replications. Squash plants (Cucurbita pepo L.) were planted in clay soil. Number of leaves and plant fresh and dry weights were measured after 90 days from each sowing date. Mineral nutrient contents (nitrogen, phosphor and potassium) were analyzed in the mature leaves after 60 days from each sowing date. In addition, total yield (kg/plant) and fruits (number/plant) were measured for each hybrid in each sowing date. The accumulative growing degree days (GDD) for each hybrid was calculated for different phenological stages depending on planting date and both maximum and minimum air temperature at Dokki site. Results confirmed that, using different sowing dates for the four squash hybrids had an effect on vegetative growth parameters (Number of leaves, Plant fresh weight and Plant dry weight), nutrients content on leaves (N, P and K) and yield. In addition, highest values of vegetative growth parameters, nutrient contents and total yield and accumulated GDD were obtained from the second sowing date and Eskandarany hybrid. Economic evaluation indicated that the second sowing date and Eskandarany hybrid had highest net return (L.E)/feddan. Finally, a polynomial relationship between the total accumulative GDD and the total yield for four the hybrids were found (determination of coefficient) R2.

[Fatma S. Moursy, I. I. Sadek, M. A. M. Heggi and A. A. Farag. Comparing Four Different Squash Hybrids on Growing Degree Days (GDD) Bases. Researcher 2014;6(7):97-111]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 12. doi:10.7537/marsrsj060714.12

 

Key word: Squash hybrids - Sowing date - growing degree days (GDD) -vegetative growth – total yield.

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review starting from July 16, 2014. 

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