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Volume 6 - Issue 11 (Cumulated No. 65), November 25, 2014, ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online)
            Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, Researcher 0611, doi:10.7537/j.issn.1553-9865
 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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1

The relationship between cost capital and performance

 

Seyed Mostafa Dehghani Firoozabadi1, Seyed Ahmad Armakan,(corresponding author)2

 

1.department of  accounting, Yazd science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran.

2.department of  accounting, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.

 

Abstract: Performance evaluation is one of the most significant topics of financial economics based on the necessity of the capital market .The present study selected 81 listed firms on the Tehran Stock Exchange during a six year period covering 2005 to 2010. The required information is gathered from the financial statements available in verified databases. Using the multivariate regression models, the hypotheses have been tested. The findings revealed that there is a negative significant association between the capital structure and firm performance in the low performance firms.

[Seyed Mostafa Dehghani Firoozabadi, Seyed Ahmad Armakan. The relationship between cost capital and performance. Researcher 2014;6(11):1-4]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 1. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.01.

 

Keywords: Growth Opportunity, Debt Ratio, Investment, Size

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2

Effect of dual inoculation of AM fungi and Pseudomonas with Phosphorus Fertilizer rates on growth performance, nutrient uptake and Yield of Soybean

 

Alpa Yadav and Ashok Aggarwal *

 

Department of Botany, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra-136119 (Haryana), India

E-mail: aggarwal_vibha@rediffmail.com

 

Abstract: A pot experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of inoculation of two arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) species viz Glomus mosseae and Acaulospora laevis alone and in combination (phosphate solubilizing bacteria Pseudomonas fluorescens) with different superphosphate levels were used on Soybean. Results indicate that AM fungi, Pseudomonas and phosphorus significantly affected all the measured traits. Among all the growth parameters, the following were the highest  in G. mosseae + A. laevis + P. fluorescens combination at the low concentration (half the recommended superphosphate dose): Plant height(cm), fresh shoot weight(g), dry shoot weight (g), fresh root weight (g), dry root weight(g), root length (cm). The percentage mycorrhizal root colonization, AM spore number, shoot (%) and root (%) P content, acidic (IUg-1 FW) and alkaline phosphatase activity (IUg-1 FW), percent of oil and protein content were also found highest in combination G. mosseae + A. laevis + P. fluorescens at low concentration superphosphate (half recommended superphosphate dose) as compared with non-mycorrhizal plants. Under the conditions of superphosphate oversupply decrease in plant growth.

[Alpa Yadav and Ashok Aggarwal. Effect of dual inoculation of AM fungi and Pseudomonas with Phosphorus Fertilizer rates on growth performance, nutrient uptake and Yield of Soybean. Researcher 2014;6(11):5-13]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 2. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.02.

 

Keywords: Effect, dual inoculation, AM fungi, Pseudomonas, Phosphorus Fertilizer rates, growth performance, nutrient uptake, Yield, Soybean

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3

Innovation in data mining repeating patterns of data stream dependent and uncertain

 

Sima jahanshahi1, Ali Asghar Safaei2

 

1 Department of Computer Engineering, University International, Qeshm, Iran

simajahanshahi@yahoo.com

2Medical Informatics Group, University of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

safaei@eetd.kntu.ac.ir

 

Abstract: In this paper, four different topics such as exploration of repetitive patterns, uncertain data mining, data stream mining and exploring a set of functional dependencies combined to explore repeating patterns in a stream of data dependent was used. To explore repeating patterns of flow, obscuring the windowing technique Landmark and fade time and also to explore the dependence of AD-Miner algorithm is used. The presented algorithm, compared with the existing algorithm, the UF-Streaming. To assess their own method implemented in c and c ++ and then the same conditions are compared to existing methods. The results show that the proposed method of using the window technique Landmark and disappears when it is more efficient than the existing method that uses the slideshow window.

[Sima jahanshahi, Ali Asghar Safaei. Innovation in data mining repeating patterns of data stream dependent and uncertain. Researcher 2014;6(11):14-22]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 3. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.03.

 

Key words: Data stream- Land mark window- data dependent - -Sliding window – Time Fading window – Data stream dependent and uncertain

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4

Evaluation of different seed rates effects on phenological and morphological traits and seed yield of soybean varieties in Mazandaran province

 

Hamideh Semnaninejad, Mohammad Javad Mirhadi*

 

Department of Agronomy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

 

Abstract: In order to evaluation of different seed rates on phenological and morphological traits and seed yield of soybean varieties, an experiment was laid out in split-plot based on randomized complete block design with four replications at Dashtenaz region of Mazandaran province in 2013. Main plot was seed rates including 55, 70 and 85 kg.ha-1 and sub plots were six soybean cultivars including Sari (JK), Telar (BP), Caspian (0.33), Nekador (0.32), Katoul (DPX) and Sahar (Pershing). Results showed that seed rates had significant effects on all the traits. The varieties were different for all the traits. Non-significant interaction effects of seed rates and cultivars for most of the traits except duration of flowering and first pod height from earth indicating that variations of the traits of each cultivar had similar trend in different seed rates. Average seed yield of the genotypes for 55, 70 and 85 kg.ha-1 were 2999, 3246 and 2700 kg.ha-1, respectively. Correlation analysis showed that on average the interaction of seed varieties during the flowering period the figures are influenced by the number of days to flowering and days to be processed. There is a significant positive correlation between seed weight, number of days to flowering and duration of flowering also represents the additive effects of these traits on grain yield. Also, a significant positive correlation between yield components like number of pods per plant, seed weight and seed yield and harvest index suggests that any changes in these traits will have a major role on grain yield.

[Hamideh Semnaninejad, Mohammad Javad Mirhadi. Evaluation of different seed rates effects on phenological and morphological traits and seed yield of soybean varieties in Mazandaran province. Researcher 2014;6(11):23-26]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 4. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.04.

 

Key words: interaction effects, phenological traits, soybean, split plot, yield

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5

Basics of Public Punishment in Iran's Jurisprudence and Law

 

Mohammad Reza Malek Raeisi

 

Islamic Azad University, Department of Islamic Theology and Education, Zahedan, Iran

more.mr53@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This article titled “Basics of Public Punishment in Irans Jurisprudence and Law” is a descriptive- analytical study. This question has been raised that what are the basics of public punishment in Irans jurisprudence and law? By examining the history of punishment and its evolutionary process throughout history, we conclude that the basics of punishment in Irans criminal law have jurisprudence basics and are derived from the dynamic law. With regard to the Islam approach about punishment, we can conclude that this religion compared to other criminal schools has made greater insight and put a wider scope before the man. Considering all capacities and existential aspects of human beings, ordering to internal refinement, and stabilizing its mechanism based on the deepest beliefs about the world are among domains of this approach. Adherents of the school of jurisprudence believe that the sketch of human needs has been sent by God and prophets to mankind. So they should legislate with regard to these religious rules; they also enact special rules and regulations about human life either in society or individually based on the Holy Quran which is the most important source of rule deduction. Pondering on the verses of Quran, we find out that from Muslims perspective, law cannot be prove without paying attention to the divine rules and according to the teachings of the Quran this is inferred that its norms are based on a specific system of a coherent school which associate both to freedom of individual and nobility of community. Indeed it believe that human is the maker of community and community is a location for development of man and the government has no right to sacrifice these two important elements for each other. So we can say that the verses of Holy Quran are one of the fundamental principles of criminal punishment in jurisprudence.

[Mohammad Reza Malek Raeisi. Basics of Public Punishment in Iran's Jurisprudence and Law. Researcher 2014;6(11):27-33]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 5. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.05.

 

Key words: Iran's Jurisprudence, public punishment

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6

[Researcher 2014;6(11):34-38]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 6. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.06.

 Withdrawn

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7

Mapping and Geographic Distribution of Origanum syriacum var. sinaicum in south Sinai, Egypt

 

Mahmoud M. Mansour

 

Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science (Boys branch), Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

dr.m.mansor.2001@yahoo.com  

 

Abstract: Through this research we trying to draw complete a picture of the eco-geographical distribution of Origanum syriacum var. sinaicum as possible which combining the results of this study with previous studies is an important component of the eco-geographical process. An eco-geographic study is the process of gathering and synthesizing ecological, geographical and taxonomic information about a taxon. The results are predictive and can be used to assist in the formulation of conservation priorities. Here and as result for the eco-geographical study for Origanum syriacum var. sinaicum as endemic species in Sinai, we found that the species is a specific-habitats-species, grow in a narrow to moderate range of climatic conditions in SKP can give as a good indicator for the reason of endemism in SKP.

[Mansour MM. Mapping and Geographic Distribution of Origanum syriacum var. sinaicum in south Sinai, Egypt. Researcher 2014;6(11):39-55]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 7. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.07.

 

Key words: Endemic; Origanum; Saint Katherine protectorate; South Sinai; Conservation; Desert plant

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8

Antioxidant activity of Clitorea ternatea L. and Origanum vulgare L.: A comparative analysis

 

Sharad Vats

 

Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali University, P.O. Banasthali Vidyapith-304022, Rajasthan (India)

vats_sharad@yahoo.co.in

 

Abstract: In the present work phytochemicals and antioxidant activity of leaves of Clitorea ternatea L. and Origanum vulgare L. was evaluated.  The Total Phenolic Content and Total Flavonoid Content of C. ternatea were found to be less than O. vulgare. The results of antioxidant activity revealed that C. ternatea showed better DPPH radical scavenging activity as compared to O. vulgare. Similar results were obtained for FRAP assay where ferric reducing potential was more of C. ternatea than O. vulgare. This can be attributed to the different types and amount of phenolics and flavonoids present in plant extract.

[Vats S. Antioxidant activity of Clitorea ternatea L. and Origanum vulgare L.: A comparative analysis. Researcher 2014;6(11):56-58]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 8. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.08.

 

Keywords: Clitorea ternatea; Origanum vulgare; phytochemicals; antioxidant activity

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9

Investigate the relationship between corporate standards and changes in accounting earnings

 

Seyed Ahmad Armakan1, Seyed Mostafa Dehghani Firoozabadi2

 

1- department of accounting, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.

2- (corresponding author), department of accounting, Yazd science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran.

 

Abstract: Accounting information systems, have been the most important tools for providing information about the financial position and performance of the business units.This study examines the relationship between firm size and the quality of earnings with earnings volatility at the listed companies in Tehran Stock Exchange. In this regard, three research hypotheses were examined. The first hypothesis stated that there is a significant relationship between the firm size and volatility of earnings. In the current study it was investigated whether earnings quality leads to lower volatility in profit or not? For this study is used data from 168 companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange In the period from 2007 to 2011 and multiple linear regression analyzes based on the combined data. The results indicate that there is a significant and negative relationship between firm size and earnings quality variables with earnings volatility (standard deviation of profit). In addition, the findings showed that at the Tehran Stock Exchange there is no significant relationship between variations of the yield bonds and stock return with volatility of earnings variable.So that larger companies with stable earnings and earnings quality also leads to a reduction in earnings volatility.

[Seyed Ahmad Armakan, Seyed Mostafa Dehghani Firoozabadi. Investigate the relationship between corporate standards and changes in accounting earnings. Researcher 2014;6(11):59-66]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 9. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.09.

 

Keywords: quality of accounting, earnings volatility, profit operations, quality of earnings and stock returns

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10

Examine the relationship between conscientiousness and versatility on the job performance

 

Nahid Askarian1, Mohamad Reza Golkariee2

 

1- department of Public Administration, Yazd science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran.

2-,(corresponding author), Executive Management, Deputy Refah Bank, Ebne Sina Branch, Yazd, Iran.

 

Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between conscientiousness and versatility characteristics and impact of these two traits with job performance province Kerman's Department of Education. To perform this research evaluated extensive theoretical research in the field of personality and job performance. Special relationship took based on scientific literature and who opinion of experts and all the hypotheses of this study are based on established, The population of the study consisted of a total staff of education s Kerman is 330 people. Data was collected using questionnaires and by using SPSS software were analyzes through descriptive and inferential. Results showed a significant relationship between conscientiousness and versatility and also there is positively and directly relationship between personality traits variable and job performance.

[Nahid Askarian, Mohamad Reza Golkariee. Examine the relationship between conscientiousness and versatility on the job performance. Researcher 2014;6(11):67-71]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 10. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.10.

 

Keywords: conscientiousness, versatility, job performance, Education total directorate.

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10

11

Multifocal Infratemporal Heterotopic Ossification: An Unusual Clinical Feature: A Case Report

 

Ali Hossein Mesgarzadeh* Ali Mortazavi*

 

* Department of Oral & Maxillofacial surgery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

 

Abstract: True ossification of the face spaces is a very rare clinical entity. We present a rare case of unilateral ossification of infratemporal space the in an 11-years old male with swelling in the right temporal and orbital area. His medical history was unremarkable. Radiographic evaluation with spiral CT scan revealed separated ossified particles inside of infratemporal space. After 2 separate procedure all bony particles were removed at operation room. Pathologic evaluation showed normal bone structure. Postoperative period was uneventful.

[Ali Hossein Mesgarzadeh, Ali Mortazavi. Multifocal Infratemporal Heterotopic Ossification: An Unusual Clinical Feature: A Case Report. Researcher 2014;6(11):72-75]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 11. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.11.

 

Key words: Infratemporal, Heterotopic, Ossification

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12

A Survey On Various Signal Pre-Processing Methods For Sensor Response In E-Nose

 

R. Sheebha1, Dr. M. Subadra2

 

1. Department of Electronics and communication Engineering, Einstein college of engineering Tirunelveli

Email: sheebha.queen@gmail.com

2.Head of the Department, Department of Electronics and communication Einstein college of engineering Tirunelveli

Email: subadra_m@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This paper explores signal response and methods for extracting the desired digital signal, from gas sensor arrays, while maintaining the shape and resolution of thatsignal. The choice of signal preprocessing is critical and can have a significant impact on the performance of subsequent modules in the pattern analysis system. A comparative evaluation of Baseline manipulation, Compression and Normalization techniques for removing noise from signals during the pre-processing phase is provided. In E-Nose technology signal preprocessing is to extract relevant information from the sensor responses and prepare the data for multivariate pattern analysis.

[R. Sheebha, M. Subadra. A Survey On Various Signal Pre-Processing Methods For Sensor Response In E-Nose. Researcher 2014;6(11):76-80]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 12. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.12.

 

Keywords : E-Nose,baseline, sensor response, Stability

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13

The Millennium Development Goals in Nigeria: An Assessment of the Journey so far

 

Ofor, Marian Onomerhievurhoyen1*, Ofole, Mercy Ndidi2

 

1Department of Crop Science and Technology Federal University of Technology, Owerri

P.M.B. 1526 Owerri, Imo State

2National Open University of Nigeria, 14/16, Ahmadu Bello Way, Victoria Island, Lagos

mariofor2002@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have generally been embraced as a framework, with the immense advantage of incorporating time-bound, measurable and achievable targets, both to help countries address a spectrum of development problems and to encourage stepped-up efforts by the international community to support them. Initiated in the year 2000, with the year 2015 as the goal target year, Nigeria did a mid-point stock taking in 2007, to assess the progress made so far in addressing these myriad of problems. For instance, unemployment rate in Nigeria rose from about 12, out of 100 working age people in 1999 to 18 in 2005, with the rate of youth unemployment rising in the urban areas than in the rural. Unfortunately, growth has not generated enough jobs and its effect on poverty is not yet clear (the most recent data are from 2004). This paper examined the concept of the various MDGs at inception; the strategies embarked upon by Government to tackle the various goals, the seemingly sluggish progress in some aspects and the fast-tracked progress in some others, through the midpoint till date.

[Ofor, M. O., Ofole, M. N. The Millennium Development Goals in Nigeria: An assessment of the journey so far. Researcher 2014;6(11):81-90]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 13. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.13.

 

Keywords: goals; assessment; target; development challenges

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14

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Exclusive Breast Feeding Among Lactating Mothers in Bedelle Town, Southwestern Ethiopia: Descriptive Cross Sectional Study

 

Tsedeke Wolde1*, Gadisa Diriba2, Ababa Wakjira2, Genet Misganu2, Girma Negesse2, Habtamu Debela2, Tadesse Birhanu3 and Eyasu Ejeta4

 

1Department of Public Health, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Wollega University, P.O. Box 395, Nekemte, Ethiopia

2Department of Nursing, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Wollega University, P.O. Box 395, Nekemte, Ethiopia

3School of Veterinary Medicine, Collage of Medical and Health Science, Wollega University, P.O. Box 395, Nekemte, Ethiopia

4Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Wollega University, P.O. Box 395, Nekemte, Ethiopia

*Corresponding author: tsedekewolde@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Breast feeding contributes to reduced infant morbidity and mortality due to diarrhea, respiratory or ear infections and other infectious diseases even though it remains a challenging due to lack of knowledge mothers. There is only limited information on exclusive breastfeeding practices in urban settings of Ethiopia especially in Bedelle town, Illubabor Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia. Thus, this study was aimed to assess knowledge, attitude and practice related with exclusive breastfeeding among lactating mothers in study area. A community based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 220 lactating mothers who had a child aged less than 24 months from April to May, 2013 using a structured interviewer questionnaire. Systematic random sampling was used selected the study participants and descriptive statistics was carried out using SPSS for windows version 20.0. The majority of mothers, 91.8% knew the importance of exclusive breastfeeding and 87.3% mothers were had good attitude and strongly agree that the exclusive breastfeeding is advantageous for infants aged less than six months. Only 43.6% of mothers practiced exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months after delivery. This study indicated better understanding and perception of the importance of exclusive breastfeeding and poor practice to exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months postpartum among urban mothers. Thus, health care providers and decision makers should be comprehensively addressed on adverse work related issues to improve exclusively breast feeding practices in the study community.

[Tsedeke Wolde, Gadisa Diriba, Ababa Wakjira, Genet Misganu, Girma Negesse, Habtamu Debela, Tadesse Birhanu and Eyasu Ejeta. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Exclusive Breast Feeding Among Lactating Mothers in Bedelle Town, Southwestern Ethiopia: Descriptive Cross Sectional Study. Researcher 2014;6(11):91-97]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 14. doi:10.7537/marsrsj061114.14.

 

Keywords: Attitude, Exclusive Breast Feeding, Lactating Mother, Knowledge, Practice

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review starting from October 28, 2014. 

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