Science Journal

 

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ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online); doi:10.7537/j.issn.1553-9865, Monthly
Volume 7 - Issue 7 (Cumulated No. 73), July 25, 2015
            Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, Researcher 0707
 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

The Effect of Training the Implementation of Evidence-Based Nursing Practices on the Attitude of Nurses in Tehran, Iran

 

Kazem Najafi1, Zahra Safavi Bayat2, Saeid Hossein Oghli3, Mehdi Safari4, Farzad Pour Gholami5

 

1. Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran

2. Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3. Lecturer in school of nursing of Naqadeh, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Iran

4. Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5. Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran

 

Abstract: Background: Nurses are the largest group providing health services, and play an essential role in the ongoing care, health promotion and preservation. Therefore, familiarity with the current evidence and research findings is essential for nurses. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the attitudes of nurses before and after the training program of implementing evidence-based nursing practices. Materials and methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on forty training nurses selected by purposive sampling method from two hospitals in Tehran, Iran. The data collection tool was a questionnaire that was completed by the subjects during pre-test and post-test. The data were analyzed by statistical software SPSS 19. Results: The majority of nurses (97.5%) had moderate attitude before training, but 52.2% immediately after training, and 75% in the second month after the training had high levels of attitude. Conclusion: The results showed that the educational program had a positive impact on nurses’ attitude. Therefore, to be compatible with scientific progresses achieved in the present world and to overcome the obstacles and difficulties of evidence-based practice, it is emphasized to train implementing methods and it is hoped that this study can help implementation of evidence-based nursing by preparing changes in the clinical setting with the positive change in attitude and can assist the implementation of evidence-based nursing practices.

[Kazem Najafi, Zahra Safavi Bayat, Saeid Hossein Oghli, Mehdi Safari, Farzad Pour Gholami. The Effect of Training the Implementation of Evidence-Based Nursing Practices on the Attitude of Nurses in Tehran, Iran. Researcher 2015;7(7):1-4]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 1

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.01

 

Key words: Nurse, Evidence-Based Education, Implementation, Attitude

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2

Evaluation Wireless Image Sensor Networks in Electrical Engineering Field

 

Firoozeh Bagheri

 

MSc in Electronic Engineering, Digital Electronics Field, Iran University of Science and Technology

 

Abstract: This paper has focused on the use of the IEEE for applying the proposed scenarios. This methodology, based on a balancing between processing and transmission tasks, can be applied in all those situations where subjective image based measurements are required. The main concept these scenarios is a novel chaotic interleaving scheme, which can tolerate error bursts. The investigation studies the performance of the proposed interleave with convolutional codes having different constraint lengths. A comparison study between the traditional block interleaving scheme and the proposed chaotic interleaving scheme for image transmission over a correlated fading channel is presented. The simulation results show the superiority of the proposed chaotic interleaving scheme. The results also prove that the chaotic interleave on a packet-by-packet basis gives a high quality image with it and eliminates the need for a complex encoder having another degree.

[Firoozeh Bagheri. Evaluation Wireless Image Sensor Networks in Electrical Engineering Field. Researcher 2015;7(7):5-14]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 2

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.02

 

Key words: Wireless Image Sensor networks, Electrical Engineering

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3

Investigation Various Effects of Using EFQM Model on Industries' performance

 

Iman Khaledi

 

MSc student of Industrial Engineering, economic and social systems engineering, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

 

Abstract: This Paper analyzes various effects due to using European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM) model which is of the most successful self-evaluation model all over the world. This descriptive paper written through gathering information about self-evaluation model, and it's noteworthy that industries can evaluate their success in implementing their improving programs in different times and compare their own performance with each other. The total score in the excellence model is 1000. Enabler criteria and results criteria can separately gain 50 percent of the total scores which equals to 500 scores for each set of criteria.

[Iman Khaledi. Investigation Various Effects of Using EFQM Model on Industries' performance. Researcher 2015;7(7):15-18]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 3

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.03

 

Key words: Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM), TQM paradigm, Industries

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4

Investigation effect of human resources management performance on organizational performance improvement at the justice house of Qazvin

 

Ali Badizadeh1, Zeinab Yektaee2*

 

1. Assistant Professor of Industrial management, Department of Management, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

2. MSc of Executive Management, Strategic Trend, Department of Management, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

 

Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the impact of human resources management functions on the performance of the judiciary house in Qazvin province. Statistical population this research is all judiciary house employees of Qazvin that was specified number of samples using Cochran formula and is analyzed. A questionnaire was used for data collection. For determine the validity and reliability of the questionnaire from Content reliability method and Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used and for answering questions related research and hypothesis test Structural equation modeling method is used. The survey Results of the research hypothesis showed that the variable of human resource management activities, organizational learning, organizational innovation and organizational performance are affecting but not affect on the capacity of knowledge management. The results showed that organizational learning is effective on organizational innovation and knowledge management capacity, but on organizational performance has not been effective. But the performance was effective organizational innovation on knowledge management capacity has not been effective. Also capacity of knowledge management has not been effective on organizational performance. Finally research results showed that organizational structure in inverse direction is effective on knowledge management capacity.

[Ali Badizadeh, Zeinab Yektaee. Investigation effect of human resources management performance on organizational performance improvement at the justice house of Qazvin. Researcher 2015;7(7):19-25]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 4

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.04

 

Key words: human resources management, organizational performance, organizational innovation, organizational learning

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5

Haematological profile, prevalence and  intensity of malaria among pregnant women in Awka, Awka South local government area, Anambra State, South eastern, Nigeria.

 

Iwueze, M.O1., Ezeh, I.C1., Onyido, A.E1., Okafor, F.C2, Enemuo, V.H.A1., Nwaorgu, O.C1.,Ukibe, S.N3.

and Ugha, C.N1.

 

1Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.

2University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.

3Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.

E-mail: chibuzorugha@gmail.com

 

Abstract: A survey on malaria parasitaemia and haematological profile of pregnant women in Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria, was carried out between January and July 2013. A total of one hundred randomly selected pregnant women had their blood sample collected by vein-puncture technique. Thick and thin films were made and examined microscopically. Sixty five (65.0%) of them were positive for malaria.  Primigravidae women and women in their third trimester (73.7%; 86.7% respectively) had the highest prevalence. Of the 65 positive patients examined, 29 (29.0%) had mild infection of malaria, 28 (28.0%) of them had moderate infection of malaria, while 8 (12.3%) had heavy infection, with women in age group 21-30 years 25 (62.5%) have highest prevalence. Primigravidae women (73.7%) and women in the third trimester (86.7%) had the highest intensity of malaria.  Fifty-seven pregnant women (57.0%) had abnormal haemoglobin and were anaemic (0-7g/dl), while 43(43.0%) had normal haemoglobin (8-11g/dl). Women with heavy infection (+++) are more anaemic(%) than non malaria pregnant women(%). nd increase in abnormal range of WBC (<10.5cells/mm cube) while women in the second trimester 15(60.0%) and multiigravidae women 1(33.3%) have lowest malaria and lowest normal range of WBC. Finally differentials were also count with preparation of thin film and viewed microscopically. Pregnant women with heavy infection have below 25% of the count which is abnormal range. The result highlighted the importance of increasing awareness at all levels about integrated strategies for control and prevention of malaria during pregnancy which includes provision of adequate prophylaxis (intermittent preventive treatment drugs), proper and intensive education of the pregnant women, personal protection of the women and provision of nutritional food.

[Iwueze, M.O., Ezeh, I.C., Onyido, A.E., Okafor, F.C, Enemuo, V.H.A., Nwaorgu, O.C., Ukibe, S.N. and Ugha, C.N. Haematological profile, prevalence and  intensity of malaria among pregnant women in Awka, Awka South local government area, Anambra State, South eastern, Nigeria. Researcher 2015;7(7):26-31]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 5

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.05

 

Keywords: Haematological profile; prevalence; intensity; malaria; pregnant; women; Awka; Anambra State, Nigeria

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6

Impact of long-Lasting insecticide treated bed-nets as a tool for malaria control in Umuokpu village Awka, Awka-South L.G.A. of Anambra State.

 

1Iwueze, M.O., 1Nwofor, S.C., 1Okwusogu, M.I., 2Okafor, F.C. 1Nwaorgu, O.C., 3Ukibe, S.N. and 1Ugha, C.N.

 

1Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.

2University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Federal University of Technology, Abakaliki, Enugu State, Nigeria.

3Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.

chibuzorugha@gmail.com

 

Abstract: A study was conducted to ascertain the impact of Long-Lasting Insecticide Treated (Bed) Nets (LLINs) in malaria control in relation to the level of respondents’ knowledge, attitude and perception about malaria, vector (mosquito) bites and LLINs, between January and July, 2011. A total of 300 randomly selected individuals aged were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. The result of the study revealed that 91.0% of respondents had a history of malaria and almost all (96.0%) considered the severity of malaria to be high. A high percentage (73.0%) implicated mosquito bites as the major cause of malaria and therefore 45.0% mentioned the use of insecticidal treated bed nets as a major preventive measure. The level of mosquito bites was perceived to be high (69.0%) in the area. A majority (60.0%) had heard of the term- LLIN, 80.0% owned at least one net, but only a very low percentage (15.0%) used the nets daily. The major reason for net use was prevention from mosquito bites (60.0%), while that of non-use was excessive hear (36.0%). Majority of the respondents (86.0%) perceived LLINs to be a very tool in malaria control and statistical analysis showed that a significant relationship (p< 0.05) existed between the utilization of LLINs and the prevalence of malaria in the area. Despite reasonable knowledge on causes of malaria and preventive measures, and also on the impact (usefulness) of LLINs in malaria control, very low (15.0%) daily utilization of the nets was found to be a major reason for the high prevalence of malaria in the area. Health education on the direct benefits of LLINs, training of more health workers for this education dissemination and also information dissemination through conventional billboards, television and radio are highly recommended.

[1Iwueze, M.O., Nwofor, S.C., Okwusogu, M.I., Okafor, F.C. Nwaorgu, O.C., Ukibe, S.N. and Ugha, C.N. Impact of long-Lasting insecticide treated bed-nets as a tool for malaria control in Umuokpu village Awka, Awka-South L.G.A. of Anambra State. Researcher 2015;7(7):32-40]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 6

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.06

 

Keywords: malaria, long-lasting, treated, nets, insecticide, impact, umuokpu, awka, control.

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7

Analyzing the effects of gibberellic acid hormone doses in different growth periods on performance quality of horse bean in Hamidiye climate condition

 

F. Abrahimpour1, Somaye Ghalandari2

 

1. Assoc. Proff. of agriculture department, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2. PhD Student of Islamic Azad University, Ahavaz Branch, Khuzestan, Iran

 

Abstract: This study aimed to analyze the effect of different doses of hormone gibberellic acid at growth different periods on qualitative and quantitative performance of Vicia faba L in farming year 2009-2010 by applying factorial experiments in form of randomized complete block design with two factors: the first factor, different concentration of the hormone gibberellic acid ( d0=0 d1=5 d2=50 d3=250) and the second factor, three growth phases for use of hormone gibberellic acid (s3= pod to seed, s1= flowering to seed, s0= vegetative before flowering) with three replications was performed on the farm of  Hashemi in Hamidieh. The results of experimentation showed that the concentration 50 ppm of hormone gibberellic acid with yield of 2561 kg per hectare had been the best hormone concentration in terms of effects on quantitative traits (yield and yield components) the other hormone concentrations were in lower ranks in terms of performance, in terms of impact on protein content of seed between different concentrations of the hormone was not showed meaningful differences and three concentrations of 5 and 50 and 250 ppm were in one statistical level and had a higher protein content than control. Time of hormone use, the vegetative growth phase before flowering has been the best time of hormone use and has obtaned the highest performance, in terms of the protein content, this growth phase with 28.98% , allocated the maximum amount of protein to itself. In study of mutual effects, the concentrations of 5 and 50 and 250 ppm in the vegetative growth period before flowering had greatest protein content and highest seed yield obtained at concentration 50 ppm during vegetative growth before flowering.  

[F. Abrahimpour, Somaye Ghalandari. Analyzing the effects of gibberellic acid hormone doses in different growth periods on performance quality of horse bean in Hamidiye climate condition. Researcher 2015;7(7):41-49]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 7

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.07

 

Key words: Vicia faba, Gibberellic acid, dose hormone, Vegetetive phase, Yield, Protein

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8

On some Applications of Beta Function in some Statistical Distributions

 

E. A. Alhassan 1, *, L. Albert 2, O. Louis 1

 

1.  Department of Mathematics, University for Development Studies, Navrongo Campus, Ghana

2.  Department of Mathematics, University of Cape Coast, Ghana

aelvis@uds.edu.gh

 

Abstract: The study established some applications of beta function in probability and cumulative density functions. Just as the gamma function for integers describe factorials, the beta function also defines a binomial coefficient after adjusting indices. The incomplete beta function is a generalization of the beta function that replaces the definite integral of the beta function with an independent integral. In the study, the graph of beta distribution using MATLAB is shown. Further, the study showed how beta and gamma are related theoretically.

[E. A. Alhassan, L. Albert, O. Louis. On some Applications of Beta Function in some Statistical Distributions. Researcher 2015;7(7):50-54]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 8

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.08

 

Key words: Beta; Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy; Cumulative; Parameter; Prior; Uncertainties; Versatile.

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9

Creativity and innovation in the organization and educational management

 

Tahereh Ansari

 

MSc in Educational Management

 

Abstract: Creativity and innovation is part of human nature. Without creativity and innovation People might still be in caves. The result of successful creativity and innovation is evolution. This means that creativity and innovation, Change forms Basis of creation and existence. Creativity and innovation does not take place always sudden and without any history, But in most cases, corrective orientation cause Changes in activity, Product, process or means of production,  and finally lead to Creativity and Innovation. But sometimes in the path of investigation and research in a field, men reach an innovation that has been without previous plan and quite suddenly. In this regard, something that can speed and orient improvement of affairs, and lead to creativity and innovation is manner of creativity management and innovation. In the words of Mr. “O Hino” (1) (The manager of Toyota) Creative and new ideas there are in single space, However, this is management that must show to what extent is good hunter for hunting those. The main problem is manner of providing favorable conditions for crystallization of thought, guidance to the needs and using it. With this description, In addition to common tasks goal setting, planning, organizing, control and monitoring, manager is responsible important task creating and reinforcement of appropriate environment for appearance of creative ideas, that the recent duty can consider the main focus of other management tasks. Clearly, if management Organization neglect for any reason in creating appropriate conditions for crystallizes the employee’s thoughts, would be disqualified organization from using reliable talent of organizational members. Management of organization in creating the favorable conditions must advert motivating factors and deterrent factors of appearance of creative ideas.  Tools preparation and equipment needed for testing thought, creating a space in which people are encouraged creativity and innovation and necessary budget forecast for the implementation of new ideas, including the conditions are that can provide appearance felid and application of creative thoughts  of members of the organization. One of the notable features of management for using of personnel ideas is his belief in the ability of personnel in this field. Manager should believe that organization members are able to assist organization in various stages with their own thoughts and ideas. If a manager reaches to this belief, other required Conditions will be provided easily. Manager that trust to god-given talents of organization member obtains courage and audacity of change and innovation in organizational activities relying on mentioned resources and in addition, will cause creating the appropriate field for appearance of creative and innovative ideas and their application in organizational environment.

[Tahereh Ansari. Creativity and innovation in the organization and educational management. Researcher 2015;7(7):55-59]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 9

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.09

 

Key words: creativity, innovation, evolution, organization, educational management

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10

Deemed University?...(“Ramanujam University”)

 

M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.

 

M.Arulmani, B.E.

(Engineer)

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.

(Biologist)

vrhemalatha58@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Case study shows that the philosophy of “Deemed University” is considered as the Autonomous body having High tech Infra structure, High tech education offered by High tech professors of university exclusively for High tech students say High income group (HIG) capable of paying crores of rupees for getting admission which can never dream by poor students of low income group (LIG) (or) No income group (NIG) having merit. This scientific research focus that the creator of Universe shall be considered as the super natural person called by name by author as ‘RAMANUJAM’ who considered created entire universe and matters through his MOTHER JANAKI (Souls).

[M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil. Deemed University?...(“Ramanujam University”). Researcher 2015;7(7):60-64]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 10

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.10

 

Keywords: case study; philosophy; education; university; income

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The relationship between non-duty member of the board and its role on the tax gap

 

Abolfazl darehzereshki

 

Department of Accounting, Young Researchers and Elites Club, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran

 

Abstract: The historical background of the corporate governance dates back to the 1990s when major financial corruptions occurred in some of the largest enterprises. Corporate governance also develops a structure by which the goals of the enterprises are established and the ways to achieve these goals are clearly identified.Corporate governance is a set of functions, mechanisms and policies seeking for the better direction of the managers and achievement of responsiveness, transparency, justice and stakeholders’ right (including government). The present study is classified as a correlation-descriptive study and the theoretical data are gathered from the library studies. The required data is collected from the stock exchange and the related financial reports. The sample is composed of 56 listed firms on the Tehran Stock Exchange during a period covering the years from 2007 to 2011. The findings revealed that the percentage of the non-executive board members has no impact on reducing the tax gap.

[Abolfazl darehzereshki. The relationship between non-duty member of the board and its role on the tax gap. Researcher 2015;7(7):65-68]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 11

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.11

 

Keywords: Non Executive Members of the Board, reducing, Income Tax, transparency.

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Synthesis, Spectroscopic And Powder X-Ray Diffraction Studies Of Cu(Ii) Mixed Ligands Complex Of 4-Amino, 1,2,4-Triazole And Phenylmalonic Acid

 

* Justina I. Mbonu, 1 Offiong, E. Offiong, 2 Eno, A. Ededet, 3 Okwu Modestus O. 4

 

1Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria

2Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria.

3Materials Science Division, CSIR - North East Institute of Science and Technology, Jorhat 785006 Assam, India.

4Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Petroleum Resources Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria.

* idongesitmbonu@yahoo.com; +2348037047734

 

Abstract: Novel mixed ligands complex of Cu(II) has been synthesized by slow evaporation of a mixture of methanolic solution of 4-amino-1,2,4-triazole and phenylmalonic acid with an aqueous solution of copper (II) tetraoxosulphate (VI) acid. The blue crystals of the copper (II) complex was characterized using the Energy Dispersive Analysis by X- ray (EDAX), FT-IR, UV spectral technique and Powder X-ray diffraction analysis (PXRD). The compound crystallizes in triclinic system with a space group of P-1. The morphology of the prepared crystal was studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The qualitative differences between the spectra of free ligands and the complex in the UV-Visible and Infrared regions have been used in diagnosing the different coordination mode of the metal and ligands in the complex. The present results suggested that the 4-amino 1,2,4-triazole as bidentate ligand is coordinated with metal ions through the two nitrogen atoms N1 and N2. The phenylmalonate as bidentate ligand is coordinated with metal ions through the oxygen atoms of the carboxyl group. The absorption properties of the complex studied was found to be π-π in nature with two bands that dual excitation wavelength for this complex.

[Justina I. Mbonu, Offiong, E. Offiong, Eno, A. Ededet, Okwu Modestus O. Synthesis, Spectroscopic And Powder X-Ray Diffraction Studies Of Cu(Ii) Mixed Ligands Complex Of 4-Amino, 1,2,4-Triazole And Phenylmalonic Acid. Researcher 2015;7(7):69-72]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 12

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.12

 

Keywords: Copper mixed-ligands complex, 4-amino-1,2,4-triazole and phenylmalonic acid, Synthesis, Characterization.

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Causes of Employees turnover in banking sector of Pakistan

 

Muhsin Bilal1, Miss Muqdas Rehman2, Chaudhary Abdul Rehman3

 

1PHD Scholar, Superior University, Lahore, Contract: 0342-0656493, Email: mohsinbilalncn@yahoo.com

2Lecturer, Hailey College of Commerce, Punjab University, Lahore, Contact: 042-9231274, Email: iluvnabi.saaw@gmail.com

3Professor, Business School, superior University, Lahore, Contact: 042-35530361-8, Email: ceo@superior.edu.pk

 

Abstract: Purpose: Employee’s turnover is considering very important elements in every country economy. The country of higher employee’s turnover is live complex environment every time. This study aims to determine the factors which are created the high employee turnover. The job satisfaction, promotion, salary package, organization commitment, workload balance appreciation of work, employees training and development, organizantal culture and workforce is very important factor in employee’s turnover in Pakistan. This research provides complete guideline and directions how job satisfaction, promotion, salary package, organization commitment, workload balance and appreciation of work will affect the employee turnover. Methodology: Data was collected through interview only Narowal district banks of Pakistan. This study analyze that there is positive relationship between employee turnover and factors which affects them. Those banks which provide friendly environment, job satisfaction, fulfill their commitments , workload balance and promotion their employees is more satisfy them then those which do not fulfill these factors. Findings: The finding of the research is beneficial for the management of those banks in which employee are not satisfy and leave the jobs very soon when they are find a new one. Envivo software is used for discussion and analysis. Limitation: The limitation of the study is that we only focus the banks of district narowal and choose the data collection method is only for interview and due the busy management in those banks they have not in a position to answer me all of my question.

[Muhsin Bilal, Miss Muqdas Rehman, Chaudhary Abdul Rehman. Causes of Employees turnover in banking sector of Pakistan. Researcher 2015;7(7):73-82]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 13

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.13

 

Key words: job satisfaction, promotion, salary package, organization commitment, workload balance, appreciation of work, employees training and development, Organizational culture and workforce.

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What is The cost of transportation, storage, warehousing and processing in Tile industry?

 

Mohsen Behrouzi Moghadam

 

Financial Management Department, Branch of Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran.

 

Abstract: managers of many industries learned that in order to survive in the market, improving internal procedures and company's flexibility is not solely enough but material and parts suppliers must also match the company's market development policies. Competitive environment faced companies with several challenges such as reduction of production cycles, decrease in distribution time, decrease in inventories and also waiting time, which are all of high importance to maintain profitability in the market. In order to solve these problems, the process which is now referred to as Supply Chain Management was introduced; meanwhile the notion was soon spread that the real competition was not between companies but was between supply chains indeed and logistic as a part of it was remarked. In the first step, through a critical review of the literature the constituent elements of logistics costs were integrally identified and content classified. The output of this stage developed a model that represents the main structural constituent of logistics costs with associated variables. By using a questionnaire and interviewing elites the general model was then turned into a native model in the ceramic and tile industry. Then based on conceptual cost model, consisting of structures and variables, a case study on Khayyam Ceramic and Tile Company was conducted and using financial statements and interviewing relevant units within the company, a cost framework was extracted and following results were obtained. According to the study, 11% of the total costs of the company accounted for logistics costs of which, 33% was transportation costs, 39% inventory costs.

[Mohsen Behrouzi Moghadam. What is The cost of transportation, storage, warehousing and processing in Tile industry? Researcher 2015;7(7):83-89]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 14

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.14

 

Keywords: financial statements, client expectations, cost conceptual model, tile and ceramic industry.

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“J & K” SAFFRON?...(RAMANUJAM “PLANT”)

 

M. Arulmani, B.E.

(Engineer)

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.

(Biologist)

vrhemalatha58@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This scientific research focus about the Ancestral origin of J & K Saffron based on global level importance on saffron flower during author’s tour to the land of Kashmir from 10-6-2015 to 14-6-2015. The land of J & K also alternatively known as “PARADISE ON THE EARTH” is a secular soil where people belong to various religions like Hindu, Buddhism, Christian, Islam, Sikh are living together. The existence of very old Sankaracharya temple at Zambavar mountain, Sun temple at Martland, ancient Church, Mosque are some of the example of flourishing of various religions on this land. The Kashmir valley is flourished by river “JHELUM” (J-EZHEM) passing through Srinagar and enriching the land of PAKISTAN also without any discrimination. Further the “DAL LAKE” surrounded by four garden like Mughal garden, Shalimar garden gives additional beauty to Kashmir. Further the experience of Boat house, Shicharya ride on the Dal Lake, Gondola rope car leading to top range of Himalaya of snow glaciers (about 18000 feet above MSL) is marvelous. From prehistoric geological evolution it is focused by the author that “J & K” shall be considered as the “Single large continent” consider exists with different genetic value (i.e.) state of continent before sunshine and after sunshine. “K” shall be considered as the “BLUE CONTINENT” (K-Nadu) before sunshine and “J” shall be considered as the “GREEN CONTINENT” (J-Nadu) after sunshine derived from “DARK CONTINENT” (Kandy) and “WHITE CONTINENT” mass from “MARS PLANET”. Hence the J & K land shall be called as “PARADISE ON THE EARTH”.

[M.Arulmani, B.E.; V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.. “J & K” SAFFRON?...(RAMANUJAM “PLANT”). Researcher 2015;7(7):90-96]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 15

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.15

 

Keywords: Ancestral origin; saffron flower; religion; Hindu; Buddhism; Christian; Islam; Sikh; sunshine

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Organizational commitment and personal trait relation survey of employers in Yazd.

 

Ahmad Ali Abolfazli1 (corresponding author), Maryam Ameri2

 

1Department of management, Yazd branch, Islamic Azad university, Yazd, Iran.

2Department of management, Najafabad branch, Islamic Azad university, Najafabad, Iran.

 

Abstract: This research has done with goal of organizational commitment relationship survey with personal traits of Yazd governor employers in 2014. According to target Types of research are application and according to nature and method is descriptive and with the usage of field studies survey the existing condition. Statistical population is the whole of employers in Yazd governor contain 140 person that of these in Morgan and Krejcie(1970) sampling size calculating formula(1970) 130 person had choose for sampling size. Measuring instruments are 15 items questionnaire (OQC) Modway, Porter, steers with personal and private questions that the reliability and validity has been proven with Gronbach 0.764 alpha coefficient. In result analysis descriptive statistics like frequency tables, measure of central tendency and measure of variability and for independent samples use T test for inferential statistics and ANOVA method and simple regression are used for hypotheses. The results of analysis show that there isn’t significant relation between organizational commitment and age, gender, education, marital status and salary and there is a significant relation only between organizational commitment and experience.

[Ahmad Ali Abolfazli, Maryam Ameri. Organizational commitment and personal trait relation survey of employers in Yazd. Researcher 2015;7(7):97-104]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 16

doi:10.7537/marsrsj070715.16

 

Key words: organizational commitment, personal traits, staff.

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review starting from  June 28, 2015. 

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