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ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online), doi:10.7537/j.issn.1553-9865, Monthly
Volume 7 - Issue 11 (Cumulated No. 77), November 25, 2015
            Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, Researcher 0711
 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

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No.

1

Principles and conditions of responsibility for building contractors in contrast to the employer and third parties

 

Behnam Ramazani

 

MSc of Pivate Law, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran

 

Abstract: According to construction projects which all over the world have the huge capital today as an "industry" is considered, and expanding and growing trend of construction and building violations and shortcomings subsequently Manufacturers and contractors and a lot of mistakes and blame these people in any country that is one of the major problems of our country has no exception. On the other hand, in most cases, violations of builders and contractors against third parties without compensation remains that the sheer volume of cases in the courts of the judicial confirmation of the claim. Civil liability of civil rights issues is an important part of the legal literature devoted to New Age, while in the past this kind of responsibility was considered one of the sub-themes of civil rights. The theoretical and practical terms, the most important part is the commitment that is also the most important civil rights issue from the other side of any social activity cannot be found today that a civil liability is not involved in it. According to the law any person as a result of their daily activities cause damage to another person is obliged to compensate damages. Check this kind of responsibility to the employer and third party contractors building our understanding of the duties and scope of responsibility of builders and building contractors have taught, as well as ways to compensate the violation of the right of individuals to assess and improve the quality and quantity of work, and the result will be an efficient use of the national capital.

[Behnam Ramazani. Principles and conditions of responsibility for building contractors in contrast to the employer and third parties. Researcher 2015;7(11):1-5]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 1. doi:10.7537/marsrsj071115.01

 

Key words: Civil liability, contractor, employer, responsible for building contractors, contractors Abuse

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Investigation and comparison of I’tikaf from the perspective of Islam and Zoroastrianism

 

Fatemeh Ferdowsi

 

Teacher of Farhangian University

 

Abstract: The aim of this study was Investigation and comparison of I’tikaf from the perspective of Islam and Zoroastrianism. This paper seeks to answer these questions: 1. customary Secretions in Zoroastrianism there? 2. If there are rituals and ceremonies like Zoroastrianism cleave to the rituals and ceremonies are both similarities and differences with Islam? To achieve these objectives, the methodology used library. Zoroastrianism and all the books and a significant number of Islamic religious books that have been studied in this article have been tried from reliable sources should be used between the two religions. The results indicate that similarities between the rituals of the "Nozoudi" and "Bradhnom" In Zoroastrianism, the religion of "cleave" in Islam.

[Fatemeh Ferdowsi. Investigation and comparison of I’tikaf from the perspective of Islam and Zoroastrianism.. Researcher 2015;7(11):6-10]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 2. doi:10.7537/marsrsj071115.02

 

Key words: I’tikaf, Islam, Zoroastrianism, Nozoudi, Bradhnom

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In Vitro: Comparative study of Inhibitory Activity of Olea europaea subsp. cuspidate Leaf Extracts Against Oral Candidiasis

 

Mohamed A. Fareid

 

Botany and Microbiology Dept., Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo

Present address: Medical Microbiology Dept., Faculty of Medicine, H’ail University, SA.

mohamedfareid73@yahoo.com

 

Abstracts: The present study aimed to investigate the potential inhibitory activities of (Olea europaea subsp. cuspidate) olive leaf crude extracts. HPLC analysis showed that oleuropein was the most abundant compound in olive leaf extracts (OLEs), its peak area recorded 39.15 %, 24.50% and 29.50%, respectively, followed by apigenin-7-glucoside for chloroform/methanol extract (peak area, 7.11%) and verbascoside for ethanol/water extract (peak area, 6.00%). The results exhibited that, there was a various degree of antifungal activity of the olive leaf extracts against six oral Candidal isolates (Candida albicans, C. glabrata, C. krusei, C. guillermondii, C. parapsilosis and C. tropicalis). Statistically; our data exhibit a highly significant difference between all concentrations of all olive leaf extracts (P-value < 0.05), except chloroform/methanol extract exhibit no significant between all the different concentrations on Candida albicans (P-value = 0.07). Nystatin was significantly related to all tested olive leaf extracts (P-value < 0.05); while Voriconazole showed no significant difference to all tested olive leaf extracts (P-value > 0.05). MIC for all plant extracts ranged from 35-40 g/ml. The MIC for water extract recorded 35 g/ml on Candida albicans, C. glabrata, C. guillermondii, C. parapsilosis and C. tropicalis, while on C. krusei recorded 40 g/ml. On the other hand the MIC for chloroform/methanol extract recorded 35 g/ml on all tested isolates except on C. albicans recorded 40 g/ml.

[Mohamed A. Fareid. In Vitro: Comparative study of Inhibitory Activity of Olea europaea subsp. cuspidate Leaf Extracts Against Oral Candidiasis. Researcher 2015;7(11):11-20]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 3. doi:10.7537/marsrsj071115.03

 

Keywords: Inhibitory activity, Olive leaf extracts, Candidiasis, HPLC

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4

Sedimentology and geochemistry of the Makran coastal sediments Located in South East Iran

 

Ahrari-roudi, Moyeddin

 

Assistant professor, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Chabahar Maritime University, Chabahar, Iran. Emails: M.Ahrari@cmu.ac.ir, ahrariroudimoyeddin@chmail.ir

 

Abstract: Geochemical and sedimentary characteristics of the coast sediments between Lipar and Pozm Gulf in Southeastern of Iran have been investigated by taking 23 sediment samples. Samples of sediment were collected using of coring Euger in the tidal zones. On the basis of this research, 12 sedimentary types are identified that the dominant type are muddy sand, sand and sandy mud. Clastic components in sedimentary types, a collection of minerals, quartz, calcite, feldspar, iron oxides, clay minerals and are Ooid. Non-clastic components include fossil shell fragments. Geochemical study of coast sediments such as correlation coefficient, cluster diagram and factor analysis indicate four classification of elements enrichment base on source. (I) Elements such as Cr, Zn, Mn, Co, Mg, Ti, Fe, Sc and Ba, that the highest correlation and the origin of outside the basin (Geogenetic). (II) This group of chemical elements are biological in origin (Biogenetic) and include Sr, Ca and P. (III) The third group of this elements are Pb and Cu that anthropogenic source and known as environmental pollutants. (IV) Finally, the fourth group includes elements Na and Li are related to evaporate sediments.

[Ahrari-roudi, Moyeddin. Sedimentology and geochemistry of the Makran coastal sediments Located in South East Iran. Researcher 2015;7(11):21-30]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 4. doi:10.7537/marsrsj071115.04.

 

Keywords: Geochemistry, Sedimentary, Coast sediments, Estuary, Makran

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5

Outcome of percutaneous pedicle screw placement versus open pedicle screw placement in thoraco-lumbar spine fixation

 

El Hawary, Magdy A., M.D.

 

Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery, Al-Azhar University-Cairo-Egypt.

magdiasad@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The aim of this study is to compare the operative outcome of the relatively new percutaneous pedicle screw placement technique with the open one in order to sort out how much accuracy, safety and surgical benefit it provides the new one. A total number of 21 patients with percutaneous pedicle screw placement and 50 patients with open pedicle screw placement were operated and compared to each other regarding the accuracy, safety, and cosmesis. I concluded that percutaneous pedicle screw placement technique is as effective as, but safer and more cosmetic than the open pedicle screw placement in thoracolumbar spine.

[El Hawary, Magdy A. Outcome of percutaneous pedicle screw placement versus open pedicle screw placement in thoraco-lumbar spine fixation. Researcher 2015;7(11):31-34]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 5. doi:10.7537/marsrsj071115.05.

 

Keywords:  Percutaneous pedicle screws, thoraco-lumbar spine fracture

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Prevalence Of Asymptomatic Genital Herpes Infection In Women Attending The Antenatal Clinics Of The University Of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

 

Dr. Egbagba, John (Mbbs,Unn) 1 And Mordi R.M (Phd.)2

 

1 Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara, Delta State.

2 Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, Nigeria.

Email: Drjohnegbagba@Yahoo.Com

 

Abstract: There is a large population of individuals who have serologic evidence of Herpes simples virus infection without symptoms. The aim of this study is to determine the seroprevalence as well as shedding of asymptomatic genital herpes and factors associated with its acquisition in pregnant women. The study was prospective and cross-sectional. A total of three hundred and seventy five (375) pregnant women who had no history of Herpes simplex virus infection were enrolled in the study and given questionnaires covering socio-demographic, parity, occupation, education, habitat clinical and sexual history. Ten millimeter of blood sample was collected from each participant for determination of type specific IgG antibodies by enzyme-linked –immunosorbent-assay (ELISA) (HerpeSelect). HSV-2 shedding was determined using real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of swabs collected from the vulva and cervix. The Data collected were entered into Microsoft excel package 2007and were analyzed using a statistical software package, Epi-info version 6.0. manufactured by the Centre for Disease Control (CDC), USA in2001. Chi square (x2) was used to determine the association between HSV-2 viral shedding and seroprevalence. Potential risk factors for HSV-2 antibodies were identified using univariate logistic regression model. These factors were then used in multivariate logistic regression model. Level of statistical significance was set at _< 0.05. Results showed that HSV-2 antibodies were found in three hundred and fifteen (315) 84% of the 375 pregnant women. HSV-2 antigen was detected in seventy five women (20%) by real time PCR. Seropositve results were significantly associated with low viral shedding (x2=49.56, p=0.01). Multivariate model showed that seroprevalence of HSV-2 was significantly associated with location, (p=0.05), occupation (p=0.01), parity (p=0.001), and number of sexual partners (p=0.001). Conclusion: The results showed a high seroprevalence of HSV-2 among asymptomatic pregnant women in our environment with about one fifth of them shedding the virus in their vagina. There is, therefore, need for voluntary screening, counseling and treatment of pregnant women for genital herpes as part of routine antenatal care.

[Egbagba, John And Mordi R.M. Prevalence Of Asymptomatic Genital Herpes Infection In Women Attending The Antenatal Clinics Of The University Of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Researcher 2015;7(11):35-42]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 6. doi:10.7537/marsrsj071115.06.

 

Key words: ELISA, Real time PCR, Genital herpes, Seropositive, Viral shedding

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7

Mortality reduction potencial in Russian Federation: estimation and factors of influence

 

Dmitrieva Y.V. 1, Rybakovsky O.L 2, Sudoplatova РР V.S.3, Tayunova O.A.4

 

1 The laboratory of social demography problems, Institute of socio-economic problems of population, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russia)

2 The laboratory of social demography problems, Institute of socio-economic problems of population, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russia)

3 The laboratory of social demography problems, Institute of socio-economic problems of population, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russia)

4 Samara State Economic University, Samara (Russia)

Emails: julia9770@mail.ru, 1246185@mail.ru, sudomail@mail.ru, tayunova_olga@mail.ru

 

Annotation: In this article, mortality reduction reserves of population of Russian Federation are estimated in terms of worldwide life expectancy growth rate guidelines. Basic factors that influence public health situation in post-Soviet Russia are defined. The fact that “the lost health fund” of 1990s and years that went before the demise of Soviet Union remains the basic reserve of mortality reduction in Russia Federation is grounded.

[Dmitrieva Y.V., Rybakovsky O.L, Sudoplatova РР V.S., Tayunova O.A. Mortality reduction potencial in Russian Federation: estimation and factors of influence. Researcher 2015;7(11):43-50]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 7. doi:10.7537/marsrsj071115.07.

 

Key words: mortality rate; potential (reserves) of mortality reduction; life expectancy; mortality from root causes; infant mortality, public health.

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8

Effect of Fruit Position and Variable Temperature on Chemical Composition of Seeds in Brassica, Cotton, Sunflower and Maize Crops

 

Hafiz Saad Bin Mustafa1*, Nazima Batool2, Zafar Iqbal1, Ejaz ul Hasan1 and Tariq Mahmood1

 

1Oilseeds Research Institute, (AARI), Faisalabad, Pakistan.

2Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

*Corresponding author: saadpbg@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The aim of current review article is to understand the effect of environmental factors on the seed chemical composition of major oilseed crops. The difference of time in flowers opening and distance from ground may affect physico-chemical characteristics of oilseed crops. Environmental temperature at the time of fertilization and subsequently anthesis influence pollen vigour, pollination progression and eventually the kernel formation and assimilate dividing between various positions. Seed traits, oil content and protein content are influenced by prevailing environmental conditions during maturity and post flowering period. Chemical composition of different oilseed crops is also affected by difference in environmental temperature during growth, planting time, irrigation, rainfall, fertilizers, growing season and planting location. Temperature showed more pronounced effect on oil content, protein, fatty acid profile and less effect on glucosinolate in brassica. Genotype, water availability, rainfall, location and siliqua position determine content and composition of oil and protein content in brassica. Increasing temperature decreases linoleic acid in cottonseed. Environmental factors, water availability and planting date affects seed composition in cotton. Temperature during seed maturation has significant influence on oil content and concentration of unsaturated fatty acid of sunflower. Seed position on head has slight influence on oil content while pronounced impact on fatty acid profile and tocopherol. Drought at seed development phase resulted a decline in oil content whereas protein content increase. Earlier planting date reduce the total saturated fatty acids and increase oil content of sunflower.

[Hafiz Saad Bin Mustafa, Nazima Batool, Zafar Iqbal, Ejaz ul Hasan and Tariq Mahmood. Effect of Fruit Position and Variable Temperature on Chemical Composition of Seeds in Brassica, Cotton, Sunflower and Maize Crops. Researcher 2015;7(11):51-67]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 8. doi:10.7537/marsrsj071115.08.

 

Key words: fatty acid, glucosinolate, siliqua, drought, oilseed

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9

The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral couple therapy on marital intimacy, couple burnout and well-being

 

Leila valipour1, Mahmood Najafi2

 

1. MA student in general psychology, Islamic Azad university of Semnan

2. Assistant in clinical psychology, Islamic Azad university of Semnan Email: m-najafi@semnan.ac.ir

 

Abstract: This research aimed to assess the efficiency of cognitive-behavioral therapy on marital intimacy, couple burnout and well-being. Method: the method of this research was quasi-experimental (pretest-posttest) with a control group. The research sample was 30 couples with marital problems referred to one of the counseling centers of Qaemshahr. They were selected according to sampling method. Marital intimacy, couple burnout and well-being questionnaires were administered among selected sample. Finding: the results indicated that CBT couple therapy in post-test step was effective in increasing marital intimacy and well-being, but it was not effective in reducing couple burnout. Overall, the results indicated the importance and effectiveness of CBT couple therapy in increasing marital intimacy and well-being. Conclusion: findings of the study demonstrated the effectiveness of the therapy on marital conflict. Because of importance of family for society, paying attention to well-being and life skills training seems necessary.

[Leila valipour, Mahmood Najafi. The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral couple therapy on marital intimacy, couple burnout and well-being. Researcher 2015;7(11):67-72]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 9. doi:10.7537/marsrsj071115.09.

 

Key words CBT couple therapy, marital intimacy, couple burnout, and well-being

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10

Influence of Hormones and Imbibition on the Growth and Yield of Abelmoschus esculentus (Okra).

 

BELLO, O.A.

 

Department of Biology Osun State College of Education,Ila-Orangun

nikebello73@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Plant growth regulators (Hormones) affect various aspects of plant physiology mainly vegetative and reproductive traits including growth and yield production. The efficacy of growth hormone solution in improving the growth and yield of okra was investigated. The seeds were presoaked in three different treatments (A = Gibberellin (GA,), B = Indole Acetic Acid (IAA) and C = propanol+ distilled water) for 3-4 hours. Plant height, stem girth, leaf Area, leaf width and number of leaf as well as dry matter (yield) of the seedlings were determined. It has been observed that the number of leaves, leaf Area and dry matter (yield) were significantly affected by imbibition (presoaking) and hormones. In case of presoaking seeds, highest imbibition rate supported the plant height. In case of hormones, Gibberellin (GA) produced highest leaf area, dry matter and number of leaves while the control (propanol+distilled water) was not favoured with imbibition.

[BELLO, O.A.. Influence of Hormones and Imbibition on the Growth and Yield of Abelmoschus esculentus (Okra). Researcher 2015;7(11):73-76]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 10. doi:10.7537/marsrsj071115.10.

 

Keywords:Growth, yield, okra seed, Hormones, and imbibition.

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Studies on the effect of density and duration of Cyperus rotundus interference on vegetable cowpea production in an Ultisol.

 

Uko Ibeabuchi1, Nkwocha Jideaku C2., Ekeleme Friday2.

 

1. Department of Crop Science and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Nnamdi Azikiwe

University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.

2. Department of Plant Health Management, College of Crop and Soil Science, Michael Okpara

University of Agriculture, P. M. B. 7267, Umudike. Abia State. Nigeria.

E-mail: ibeabuchiuko@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Two experimental studies were conducted at Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike research farm (1) to examine the effect of densities of Cyperus rotundus (purple nut sedge) on vegetable cowpea (IT 81D-125-14 – a semi-bushy cultivar) and (2) to examine the effect of the duration of C. rotundus competition on vegetable cowpea growth, yield and dry matter production in soils characterized as Ultisol. The experiments were laid out in a completely randomized design (CRD). The first experiment had six repetitions and seven treatments consisting of seven different C. rotundus densities (0, 25, 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 plants/m2). The second experiment had 10 treatments repeated four times. The cowpea seeded at density of 200,000 plants/ha and C. rotundus was planted at 150 plants/m2. Results obtained showed that increasing density of C. rotundus caused inter-specific competition between cowpea and C. rotundus, which led to a significant reduction in cowpea vegetative growth and dry matter production. Nodulation in cowpea were depressed with increasing density of C. rotundus, as a result of the competition. In experiment two, there was a significant increase in the height of both plants overtime (P<0.05). Leaf area development, yield and dry weight in cowpea followed a similar trend as the growth in height. There was significant increase in the density of C. rotundus as duration period increases. At 4 WAE, cowpea yield was reduced to 46% due to competition with C. rotundus. Thus, C. rotundus was more competitive and reduced cowpea yields when the duration of competition exceeded 3WAE.

[Uko Ibeabuchi, Nkwocha Jideaku C., Ekeleme Friday. Studies on the effect of density and duration of Cyperus rotundus interference on vegetable cowpea production in an Ultisol. Rep Opinion 2015;7(11):77-85]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report. 11. doi:10.7537/marsroj071115.11.

 

Keywords: Cyperus rotundus, Ultisol, density, duration, cowpea

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Investigation Into Water Treatment Processes And Possible Bottleneck Affecting Water Distribution Network In Osogbo Osun State, Nigeria.

 

Adebara S.A and Afolayan .A

 

Department of Civil Engineering

The Federal Polytechnics Ede, P.M.B, Ede Osun State.

E-mail: sadebara2006@yahoo.com, afolayanabayomi@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This project work investigates factors affecting water distribution network and possible bottleneck encountered during distribution processes and suggest possible ways of ameliorating the problem for effective water distribution to Osogbo metropolis, Osun State. Six hundred (600) copies of questionnaires were distributed with visual observation and interview techniques employed. The data obtained shows that 36.5%, 11.6%, 32.4%, 13.1% and 6.4% of respondents have their water source from borehole, hand pump, public tap, well, and others respectively, more so, 23%, 22.1%, 3.3%, 4.3% and 47.2%, are percentage of typhoid, cholera, diarrhea dysentery and None. 33.4%, 36.7% and 29.9% belong to weekly, monthly and others on the basis of periodic water treatment, also, 63.7%, 15.9% and 20.4% are percentage of people who experience scarcity of water sometimes, Always and Never. Water supply are not evenly distributed to the community, people in Osogbo metropolis due to distribution network of pipes  not properly maintain leading  to rusting and corrosion of the  pipes which causes disease to populace in osogbo area.

[Adebara S.A and Afolayan. A. Investigation Into Water Treatment Processes And Possible Bottleneck Affecting Water Distribution Network In Osogbo Osun State, Nigeria. Researcher 2015;7(11):86-90]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 12. doi:10.7537/marsrsj071115.12.

 

Keywords: distribution network, bottleneck, ameliorating, visual observation, metropolis, rusting, corrosion

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Survey Of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes Associated With Yam Field In Kogi State, North Central Guinea Savanna Area Of Nigeria

 

Hinmikaiye, A.S1; Abolusoro,S.A2; Balogun O.S3; Nziogu B3; Abolusoro P.F4 Ogundare, S.K1; Babalola, T.S1, Mohammed, S.A1

 

1. College of Agriculture Ahmadu Bello University Kabba Kogi State Nigeria

2. Department of Crop Science, Landmark University Omu-Aran Kwara State, Nigeria

3. Department of Crop Protection, University of IIorin, IIorin, Nigeria

4 Department of Agric Education, College of Education Technical Egbeda Kabba Kogi State Nigeria

*Corresponding author E- mail: stevabolusoro2005@yahoo.co.uk

 

Abstract: A survey was conducted to determine the types, frequency of occurrence and population of plant parasitic nematodes associated with the soils of yam (Dioscorea spp.) in twelve Local Government Areas of Kogi State namely Kabba/Bunu, Ijumu, Yagba/East, Ankpa, Dekina, Bassa, Ogori/Mangogo, Ajaokuta, Okehi, Olamaboro, Ofu and Idah using random sampling for soil, using pie pan and modification of Baerman funnel method for plant parasitic nematodes extraction. Nematodes were assessed from surrounding soil for five yam cultivars belonging to; Dioscorea rotundata, D. Alata and D. Cayenensis at survey. Plant parasitic nematodes recovered included Meloidogyne spp; Pratylenchus spp; Helicotylenchus spp, Hoplotylus spp., and Gracilacus spp which were most widely distributed with population rating of 10,15,20,25, 30,35,40 and50 respectively in soil samples from the twelve Local Government Areas of Kogi State. Hoplotylus spp. and Gracilacus spp recovered from soil sample are not most widely distributed in all the Local Government Areas except in Kabba/Bunu and Yagba/East L.G.As of Kogi State.

[Hinmikaiye, A.S; Abolusoro, S.A; Balogun O.S; Nziogu B; Abolusoro P.F Ogundare, S.K; Babalola, T.S, Mohammed, S.A. Survey Of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes Associated With Yam Field In Kogi State, North Central Guinea Savanna Area Of Nigeria. Researcher 2015;7(11):91-95]. (ISSN: 1553-9865). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 13. doi:10.7537/marsrsj071115.13.

 

Key words- Yam (Dioscorea spp); type; frequency; parasitic nematodes

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review starting from October 31, 2015

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