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ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online), doi prefix: 10.7537, Monthly
Volume 8 - Issue 2 (Cumulated No. 80), February 25, 2016
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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Effect of timely and reliability of financial reports on irrational pricing and profit and its components

 

Abdollah kaabi 1, Seyyed Hadi Edris Pour 2

 

1.  Department of Accounting, Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad university, khorramshahr, Iran

2.  Department of Accounting, Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad university, khorramshahr, Iran

 

Abstract: Misunderstanding of investors of the stability rate of accounting profit and the components of cash and its commitments was led to the phenomenon of incorrect stock prices by investors and ultimately it will cause to allocaten on-optimal resources in the capital market. In this study, the timely effectiveness and reliability of information on pricing irrational stock were reviewed by using the profits and its components in listed companies in Tehran Stock Exchange in the period from 1381 to 1391. For this purpose, it is used the assessment system of simultaneous equations and rational pricing Myshkyn test (1983). The results show that the use of accounting profit and its components causes incorrect price of stocks, when the reliability of financial reports increases, the degree of irrational pricing of stocks (using the commitment and operating cash flow) reduces.

[Abdollah kaabi, Seyyed Hadi Edris Pour. Effect of timely and reliability of financial reports on irrational pricing and profit and its components. Researcher 2016;8(2):1-6]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 1.

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.01

 

Keywords: profit, operating cash flow, commitment, rational pricing.

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1

2

Food Value, Fungi and Aflatoxin Detection in Stored ‘Orunla’ Abelmoschus esculentus L. (Moench) from Ibadan, Nigeria

 

1Segun Gbolagade, Jonathan a; 1Micheal Dare, Asemoloye a*, 1Oluwatoyin Abosede Abe a; 1Odunayo Joseph, Olawuyib and 2Ayandiran Daniel, Ainaa.

 

a Food & Environmental  Mycology/Biotechnology Unit, b Genetics & Molecular Biology Unit, 1Department of Botany University of Ibadan, Ibadan. Oyo State Nigeria.

2 Department of Biosciences & Biotechnology, Babcock University, Ilisan-Remo, Ogun State Nigeria.

 

Corresponding Author: asemoloyemike.gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: Five samples of ‘orunla’ (sliced dried okra fruits) were purchased from selected markets within Ibadan city, Nigeria. These were wrapped in cellophane paper and stored for 4 months. Laboratory made ‘orunla’ samples which acts as control were also prepared. Mycoorganisms were isolated from fresh and stored samples. Effect of storage time on proximate and mineral element contents (Fe, Mg, and P) were also determined. Both fresh and stored ‘orunla’ samples were also screened for possible aflatoxin contamination. The results of the work showed that, biodeteriorating fungi isolated from the market samples and their percentage occurrences include Aspergillus flavus (16.88%), A. niger (16.23%), A. fumigatus (16.23%) and Rhizopus nigricans (16.23%) while Mucor mucedo (5%), Candida albicans (2%) and Trichoderma sp. (2%) had the least percentage occurrences. The moisture contents of the samples range from (9.80% to 16.36%), protein (11.27% to 18.74%), ether extract (1.37% to 2.11%), crude fiber (38.18 % 41.27%), ash (11.70% to 12.55%), carbohydrates (31.15% to31.58%) and dry matter (45.07% to 45.22%). Storage time had significant effect on the nutrient and aflatoxin content of all the samples (P>0.05). Mg and P values were not significantly different from each other except the control. Also, the storage time had effect on the Aflatoxin content in market samples as their aflatoxin content varied and increased with the time of storage. Highest concentration of aflatoxin was detected in Ojaoba  samples (10.20µ/Kg AFB1, 7.30µ/Kg AFB2, 5.7µ/Kg AFG1 and 3.22µ/KgAFG2), Moniya (8.50µ/Kg AFB1, 6.3µ/Kg AFB2, 4.9µ/KgAFG1 and 3.17µ/KgAFG2) and Apete (9.7µ/Kg AFB1, 4.4µ/Kg AFB2, 3.8µ/Kg AFG1 and 2.9µ/KgAFG2) samples while the least aflatoxin was detected  in the control (0.0µ/Kg AFB1, AFG1 AFG2 and 0.13µ/Kg AFB2) and Ojoo (2.50µ/Kg AFB1, 2.10µ/Kg AFB2, 2.1µ/Kg AFG1 and 1.90µ/KgAFG2) after four month of storage. The implication of these results were discussed.

[Jonathan S.G., Asemoloye M.D*., Abe A., Olawuyi O.J. and Aina D. Food Value, Fungi and Aflatoxin Detection in Stored ‘Orunla’ Abelmoschus esculentus L. (Moench) from Ibadan, Nigeria. Researcher 2016;8(2):7-18]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 2.

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.02

    

Keywords: Orunla, Mycoorganism, Biodeterioration, Aflatoxin, Proximate compositions, Abelmoscush esculentus

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2

3

A Study Of Need Achievement Of Adolescent Boys And Girls At Secondary Stage Of Education

 

Dr. Kounsar Jan

 

Assistant Professor, Institute of Education, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J&K, India

E-mail: shahrufeedah@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The present study was investigated to examine adolescent boys and girls secondary school students Kashmir on Need Achievement. The sample for the present study consisted of 100 adolescent students (50 boys and 50 girls) were selected randomly from the different secondary stage of educational schools in Kashmir. The Need and Achievement for the present study was assessed through B.N. Mukerjee`s Sentence Completion Test (SET). The study revealed that there is a significant difference between adolescent boys and girls on need achievement.

[Kounsar Jan. A Study of Need Achievement of Adolescents Boys and Girls at Secondary Stage of Education. Researcher 2016;8(2):19-22]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 3.

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.03

 

Keywords: Need Achievement, Adolescent, Boys and Girls, Secondary Stage, Kashmir

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3

4

The Study of Flatness and Timeliness of Financial Information on Pricing the irrational stock

 

Abdollah Kaabi

 

Department of Accounting, Persian Gulf International Branch, Islamic Azad university, Khorramshahr, Iran

omrande@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: One way to reduce the severity of irrational pricing of shares is making the transparency of information by providing high-quality financial reporting. The quality of financial reports may have different aspects of the features, But two factors including timely and reliability of financial reports, are the most important component quality of the information. If the reports have been got faster to the investors and have higher reliability, it cause that the investors act more wisely in Pricing of shares. In this study, we investigated whether the timely and reliability of financial reporting, have an effect on the rational pricing of shares and earnings and its components, or not? When reporting of data will be timely, it will be more reliable, accounting profit figures also will have higher quality. In this study we have investigated the effect of Timely and reliability of information on the irrational pricing of shares with using of income and its components in the listed companies in Tehran Stock Exchange, during the period from 1381 to 1391. The results show that using of accounting earnings and its components caused to incorrect price of stock. But when timely and the reliability of financial reporting will be increases.

[Abdollah Kaabi. The Study of Flatness and Timeliness of Financial Information on Pricing the irrational. Researcher 2016;8(2):23-30]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 4.

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.04

 

Keywords: 'financial reports, operating cash flow, accruals, stock

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4

5

Kinetics, isotherm and thermodynamic studies for adsorption of nitrate on sugarcane bagasse vermicompost

 

Laleh Divband Hafshejani1, Abdolrahim Hooshmand 1, Abd Ali Naseri 1, Amir Soltani Mohammadi 1, Fariborz Abbasi 2

 

1. Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Faculty of Water Sciences Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Khuzestan, Iran

2. Agricultural Engineering Research Institute (AERI), Agricultural Research, Education & Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran

mdivband@gmail.com

 

Abstract: In present study, studies of kinetics, isotherm and thermodynamic for nitrate adsorption from aqueous solutions onto sugarcane bagasse vermicompost was investigated. Adsorption kinetics was determined by the fittings of the experimental data to three well-known kinetic models including pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion. The experimental data were fitted to different adsorption isotherm models (Langmuir, Freundlich and Sips) and maximum adsorption capacity of sugarcane bagasse vermicompost was determined. Result this study showed the pseudo-second-order and Langmuir models gave the best fit for kinetic and isotherm studies, respectively. The maximum adsorption capacity of vermicompost for nitrate adsorption was found to be 15.773 mg/g, The thermodynamic studies (The values of ΔHş, ΔGş and ΔSş) showed that the adsorption of nitrate was spontaneous and exothermic in nature.

[Divband Hafshejani L, Hooshmand AR, Naseri AA, Soltani Mohammadi A, Abbasi F. Kinetics, Isotherm and Thermodynamic Studies for Adsorption of Nitrate on Sugarcane Bagasse Vermicompost. Researcher 2016;8(2):31-35]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 5.

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.05

 

Keywords: Adsorption, pseudo-second-order, Langmuir, nitrate

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5

6

Checklist of Ascomycetous Fungi Isolated from Soil Samples in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja

 

Oyedeji, Funmilayo Nike

 

Department of Biology, Federal Capital Territory College of Education, P.M.B. 61, Abuja, Nigeria

Email: deleijigbade@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Twenty-five soil samples were collected from five areas in Gwagwalada FCT-Abuja and screened for the presence of ascomycetous fungi using spread plate method. A total of 8 isolates belonged to six genera and eight species of ascomycetous fungi were isolated. The predominant Ascomycetous fungi isolated include; Aspergillus niger, Fusarium solani, Penicillium chrysogenum, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Cladosporium resinae, Mucor mucedo, Rhizopus stolonifer. Maximum number (42/55, 76.36 %) of ascomycetous fungi was recovered from refuse dump, farm land and animal shed soils, barber’s shop and drainage site’ having 23.64 %. Aspergillus niger was the most prevalent species and represented 10 (18.18 %) of the total number of isolated fungi. Rhizopus stolonifer was next with 9 (16.36 %) Penicillium Chrysogenum (Thom) and Mucor mucedo have the same number of occurrence 7 (12.73 %), Aspergillus flavus (Link ex Fr.) and Aspergillus fumigates also have equal isolation rate of 6 (10.91 %), while Cladosporium resinae have 4 (7.27 %) being the least prevalent. The physicochemical characteristics of soil samples were found to affect the distribution and population of the isolated fungi. The rate of isolation of the isolated ascomycetous fungi test were tested at p = 0.05 level of significant.

[Oyedeji, Funmilayo Nike. Checklist of Ascomycetous Fungi Isolated from Soil Samples in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja. Researcher 2016;8(2):36-40]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 6.

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.06

 

Keywords: Fungi, Ascomycetous, Soil

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7

Investigation Factors Affecting the Satisfaction of Cold Water Fish Farms Policyholders from Agricultural Insurance in Mazandaran Province

 

Ghodratollah Nouri1, Reza Khoshsima1, Hassan Salehi2

 

1. Department of Management, Buin Zahra Branch, Islamic Azad University, Buin Zahra, Iran

2. Research Institute of Fishery Science, the Department of Economic and Social Studies, Tehran, Iran

reza.khoshsima@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The present study aimed to investigate the factors the satisfaction of cold water fish farms policyholders from agricultural insurance in Mazandaran province to provide appropriate solutions for provider organizations, policy makers and institutions. The population of the study is 63 cold water fish breeders of Mazandaran province that during the years 2009 to 2013 had insured their farms by agricultural insurance. A questionnaire was used to collect field data, and its validity evaluated by a panel of experts and its reliability confirmed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient which was 0.88. According to the results, it seems that variable "agricultural insurance fund has addressed our complaints on time" had a greater impact on satisfaction at level of 30%; and then the variable "we’re satisfied compensation of how to identify and assess agricultural insurance fundat level of 28%; then the variable "distance between compensation for damages by the time specified by the appropriate insurance fund" at 23% level and finally variable "clash of the managers and employees of agricultural insurance fund is appropriate" at level of 20% are effective in satisfaction, respectively. In addition, "agricultural insurance fund has addressed our complaints on time" was able to explain the satisfaction policyholders from insurance. Values (Beta=0.30, p=0.004) show that with one unit increase in the variable "timely handling of complaints", 1.4% increase in the variable "satisfaction from agricultural insurance" has been obtained. The results indicate that the major aquaculture dissatisfaction was about the "lengthy interval between loss and compensation, lack of adequate process of detection and estimation of compensation, how to deal with the complaints and demands of aquaculture and how to treat agricultural insurance fund managers and staff".

[Ghodratollah Nouri, Reza Khoshsima, Hassan Salehi. Investigation Factors Affecting the Satisfaction of Cold Water Fish Farms Policyholders from Agricultural Insurance in Mazandaran Province. Researcher 2016;8(2):41-46]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 7.

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.07

 

Keywords: Agriculture Insurance Fund, Aquaculture, Cold Water Fish, Satisfaction, Dissatisfaction, Fishery

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8

A Review of Internal Bleeding Causes, Symptoms and Surgery

 

Akbar Sarabi, Hosein Fathizadeh, Hasan Pour Abdollah

 

MSc in Nursing, Medical-Surgical trend, Nursing and Midwifery College, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran

 

Abstract: This paper aimed to review symptoms, causes and surgery of internal bleeding. The symptoms of internal bleeding vary depending upon what part of the body is involved or what organ system is damaged. Symptoms may be dramatic, arise gradually, or the patient may have no initial complaints. Internal bleeding may cause significant pain and then gradually resolve spontaneously. Blood outside of blood vessels can be very irritating and the patient will complain of acute onset of pain. However, the treatment for most ruptured cysts is time and symptom control until the body absorbs the blood and the inflammation resolves. The amount of bleeding and the location are associated with the presentation and outcome. A small amount of blood (1 or 2 ounces) under the skull can cause significant loss of brain function due to an increased buildup of pressure, since it is like a solid box and doesn't have the ability to expand to accommodate extra volume. When the internal bleeding begins to form a clot, it is called a hematoma.

[Akbar Sarabi, Hosein Fathizadeh, Hasan Pour Abdollah. A Review of Internal Bleeding Causes, Symptoms and Surgery. Researcher 2016;8(2):47-52]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 8.

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.08

 

Keywords: Internal Bleeding, Hematoma, Surgery

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9

Effectiveness of intervention based on quality of life therapy on the control of aggression girls from poor quality families

 

Mahmoud Sadeghi*1, Zohreh Raeisi2, Hamid Kazemi3

 

1. MA, Student of clinical psychology Department, Najaf Abad Branch Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

2. PhD of Psychology Department, Najaf Abad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

3. Assistant professor, Psychology department, Payame Noor University. Tehran, Iran

mrj5050@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: This study aimed to investigate the effect of quality of life therapy on the control of aggression girls from poor quality families. Materials and Methods: In this study, the category applied research and design, a quasi-experimental research with pre-test and post-test and control group. The study population consisted of all adolescent and youth between the ages of 16 to 29 years, because of the irresponsible and derelict or being in 2012 in the city of Isfahan and Gaz Borkhar under welfare organization and the facilities have been under the care of the organization and affiliated centers. 32 women randomly selected from the population and randomly assigned to two groups of 16 (test and control) were placed. Gauges, Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (1992) of data by software SPSS-v19 and analysis of covariance with the control pre-test were analyzed. Findings: There is significant difference between the mean scores for aggression, verbal aggression, anger and hostility based on group membership (two experimental and control groups) (P<0.01). The findings also showed that the mean scores for physical aggression, there is no significant difference (P<0.05). Conclusion: The findings of this study, evidence of the usefulness and effectiveness of the intervention of quality of life therapy on the control of aggression girls from poor quality families.

[Mahmoud Sadeghi, Zohreh Raeisi, Hamid Kazemi. Effectiveness of intervention based on quality of life therapy on the control of aggression girls from poor quality families. Researcher 2016;8(2):53-61]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 9.

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.09

 

Keywords: Quality of life therapy, aggression, anger, hostility

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10

Linguistic Scenario in the Higher Education System of Jammu and Kashmir

 

Javaid Aziz Bhat*

 

Department of Linguistics, University of Kashmir, Srinagar-190006 (India)

*Corresponding author: javaidazizbhat@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The state of Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of India. This state is geographically varied and linguistically rich. Geographically the state is divided into three regions/divisions: Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. All the three regions are linguistically rich adding to the overall linguistic richness of the state. The main languages of the state are Kashmiri--dominant in Kashmir region, Dogri--dominant in the Jammu region, and Balti- dominant in the Ladakh region. Besides these dominant languages there are many other minority languages in the state which include Gojri, Pahari, Kohistani, Pashtu, Hindko, Burushaski, Siram, Pogli etc. making the state of Jammu and Kashmir a multilingual state in true sense. In addition to these indigenous languages there are some foreign languages like Persian, English and Arabic that add up to the multilingual structure of the state. In the academic institutions of the state, it is the non-indigenous languages that have secured better position than the indigenous languages of the state. The current paper is an attempt to give the general appraisal of the linguistic scenario in the higher education institutions of the Jammu and Kashmir state and the problems and issues related with it. The paper will highlight the peculiarities of the linguistic scenario of the Jammu and Kashmir state and the issues related to the languages of study, medium of instruction, etc.

[Bhat J. A. Language Scenario in the Higher Education System of Jammu and Kashmir. Researcher 2016;8(2):62-65]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 10.

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.10

 

Key words: Language Scenario; Linguistic richness; Multilingualism; Indigenous languages; Non-indigenous

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11

The New Prime theorems291-340

 

Chun-Xuan Jiang

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com

 

Abstract: Using Jiang function  we prove that the new prime theorems (291)-340) contain infinitely many prime solutions and no prime solutions.

[Chun-Xuan Jiang. The New Prime theorems291-340. Researcher 2016;8(2):66-111]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 11.

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.11

 

Keyword: Prime; theorem; function

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11

The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review starting from February 11, 2016. 

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 doi:

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.01

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.02

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.03

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.04

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.05

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.06

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.07

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.08

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.09

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.10

doi:10.7537/marsrsj080216.11

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