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ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online), doi prefix:10.7537, Monthly
Volume 8 - Issue 7 (Cumulated No. 85, July 25, 2016
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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Prevalence Of Ovine Lungworms In Munesa District, East Arsi, Ethiopia

 

Abdella Shenba, Abdela Ahmed, Abduselam Ali, Daniel Bululta, Fikre Nigatu, Beshatu Ferade , Lama Yimer

 

Wollega University, School of Veterinary Medicine, Nekemte, Ethiopia

lemayimer@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Across-sectional study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence, and the predominant species of ovine lungworms and to evaluate the major host related risk factors on the occurrence of these parasites in sheep from July,2015 to August,2015 in Munesa district /Arsi, south east, Ethiopia. Samples were randomly collected from 384 Sheep from each selected household of peasant associations purposively selected  viz . Choba 106, Kersa Ano 86, Doba Ashe 104 and Guri Dangago 88. The raw data was collected on the Specimen Submission Format and examined by using a modified Baermann technique. On overall basis the prevalence was 66.67%. Dictyocaulus filarial was predominant species identified. There was a significant difference (p<0.05) in the infection among age group and body condition of sheep. Odds of sheep with poor body conditions and medium body conditions to be infected with lungworms as compared to sheep with good body conditions is 44.92% (95%CI:4.0033-14.26), 33.20% (95%CI:1.53-4.26 ) and 21.88%  respectively. In conclusion, the study revealed that lungworms belong to the major parasites that effect the health and productivity of sheep in the area, hence, due attention should be given to the sector to mitigate the set back.

[Abdella Shenba, Abdela Ahmed, Abduselam Ali, Daniel Bululta, Fikre Nigatu, Beshatu Ferade , Lama Yimer. Prevalence Of Ovine Lungworms In Munesa District, East Arsi, Ethiopia. Researcher 2016;8(7):1-7]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 1. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.01.

 

Key words: lung worm, Modified Baermann Technique, Munesa, prevalence, Risk factors

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2

Survey present and future visions of Internet of Things (IoT)

 

Seyedeh Shabnam Jazaeri1, Reza Berangi2

 

1. M.Sc. of Computer Architecture, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran, Iran

2. Associate Professor in Mobile Telecommunications, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran, Iran

s.jazaeri.j@ieee.org

 

Abstract: The main purpose of this study is a survey of present and future visions of Internet of Things (IoT). The internet of things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, vehicles, buildings and other items—embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity that enable these objects to collect and exchange data. The vision of the internet of things has evolved due to a convergence of multiple technologies, ranging from wireless communication to the Internet and from embedded systems to micro-electromechanical systems. The proliferation of these devices in a communicating–actuating network creates the Internet of Things (IoT), wherein sensors and actuators blend seamlessly with the environment around us, and the information is shared across platforms in order to develop a common operating picture. To realize the broad vision of pervasive computing, underpinned by the “Internet of Things” (IoT), it is essential to break down application and technology-based silos and support broad connectivity and data sharing; the cloud being a natural enabler. The key enabling technologies and application domains that are likely to drive IoT research in the near future are discussed. Our contribution is to analyze the current state of cloud-supported IoT to make explicit the security considerations that require further work.

[Seyedeh Shabnam Jazaeri, Reza Berangi. Survey present and future visions of Internet of Things (IoT). Researcher 2016;8(7):8-14]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 2. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.02.

 

Keywords: Internet of Things (IoT), wireless sensor networks, Cloud computing, RFID

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3

The Role Of Complement In Antibody Mediated Rejection Of Kidney Transplantation

 

Getu Hurisa, Chala Mohammed, Lama Yimer

 

Wollega University, College of Health and Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Ethiopia

Corresponding Author: Dr. Chala Mohammed, Wollega University, School of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box: 395, Ethiopia.

Tel: +251-913-11-5805.

 

Abstract: This review, gives the current understanding of complement in the immunology of kidney transplantation and describe studies demonstrating that blockade of terminal complement activation can prevent in antibody mediated rejection sensitized renal transplant recipients. It provides a broad understanding of the pathogenesis of antibody mediated rejection, recent advances in its therapy, and future directions. It also discusses about complement pathway and mechanisms of activation in kidney transplantation, biological effects of complement, the role of complement in kidney transplantation and treatment of antibody mediated rejection in kidney transplantation and complement inhibitors. More detailed studies with existing agents, such as eculizumab, will likely improve our understanding of the role of terminal complement activation in acute and chronic antibody mediated rejection. General the role of complement in antibody mediated rejection of organ allografts has progressed steadily over the past decade. There for the following recommendation are forwarded: during kidney transplantation, antibodies and blood group antigen of donor and receiver should be diagnosed, kidney transplanted should be done between healthy kidney individuals and the elimination of circulating antibodies and suppression of antibody production by B lymphocytes or plasma cells.

[Getu H, Chala M, Lama Y. The Role of Complement in Antibody Mediated Rejection of Kidney Transplantation. Researcher 2016;8(7):15-24]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 3. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.03.

 

Key word: Antibody mediated rejection, Compliment, Eculuzumab and Kidney transplantation

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4

Review ideas Akhtl in legitimizing the rule of the Umayya

 

Saeed Albo kord 1, Dr. Sohad Jaderi 2

 

1.  Department of Arabic Language and literature, Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad university, Abadan, Iran

2.  Department of Arabic Language and literature, Assistant Professor, Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad university, Abadan, Iran

 

Abstract: As we know, "legitimacy" in Spanish religious roots, means legitimate (and "legitimate" means "being religious" and the legitimacy of a thing, its religious faith) and his compliance with the law. But in contemporary political literature legitimacy of a term that refers to the acceptance, recognition and credibility that people are having. Amway and its believers and Andishehgostar system, the amount of algebra were thinking. Various media such as bars and rhetoric, poetry, fictional narratives and sometimes perverse interpretation and interpretation of Quranic verses and traditions, social space Bvd. rhavrd prepared to accept the ideas of deterministic belief in determinism, verification and interpretation of oppression, justifies sin and corruption, silence the crimes and atrocities and even comes with a Bvd. payan their ideas Akhtl currently under review in legitimizing the rule of the Umayyads as the role and influence thoughts and Aqayd Akhtl thoughts on the legitimacy of a regime and corrupt government deals.

[Saeed Albo kord, Sohad Jaderi. Review ideas Akhtl in legitimizing the rule of the Umayya. Researcher 2016;8(7):25-31]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 4. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.04.

 

Key words: political poetry, criticism, political legitimacy, religious legitimacy, Umayyads

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4

5

Across sectional Study on Bovine Trypanosomosis and Apparent Vector density in Bambasi District of Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, Western Ethiopia: prevalence and Vector density

 

Asmamaw Aki and Mengistu Godeso

 

Regional veterinary Diagnostic, Surveillance, Monitoring and Study Laboratory, P.O. Box: 326, Asosa, Ethiopia. Email: asmamawaki@gmail.com; Telephone: 251 577751541

 

Abstract: Across-sectional study was carried out in Bambasi woredas of Asossa zone of Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, Western Ethiopia from October to Febuarary, 2016 to determine trypanosomosis prevalence, anemia association with Trypanosomosis, prevailing trypanosomes species, associated risks and vector density. Blood samples collected from (n= 514) randomly sampled cattle (Bos indicus) was examined using buffy coat technique and hematological procedures. An overall, 47 (9.14%) trypanosomosis prevalence was recorded. The infection was caused by Trypanosoma congolense 37/47 (78.72%). Trypanosoma vivax 6/47(12.76%), Trypanosoma brucei 1/47 (2.13%) and mixed infection 2/47(4.25%). The infection rate difference between trypanosomes was statistically significant (P< 0.05). Mean packed cell volume (PCV) value of the infected animals was lower (23.63% + 2.42) than uninfected animals (26.24% + 1.38) and the variation was statistically significant (P< 0.05). Overall, anemia prevalence of 40.07% (206/514) was recorded and it was significantly higher (63.82%) in infected cattle than in non-infected (37.68%). Significant association was not recorded among study sites, sex groups, age categories and body conditions (p>0.05). Glossina moristans submorsitans was the only tsetse fly caught and its mean apparent density measured as fly/trap/day was 3.92. In addition, other mechanical transmitters of trypanosomosis such as stomoxys (1.76 f/t/d), tabanid (0.2 f/t/d) and haematopota (0.35 f/t/d) were recorded. Taken as a whole, the present work evidenced that tsetse and trypanosomosis has continued to pose a considerable threat to cattle of the study area warranting an integrated control to safeguard cattle production and productivity.

[Asmamaw Aki and Mengistu Godeso. Across sectional Study on Bovine Trypanosomosis and Apparent Vector density in Bambasi District of Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, Western Ethiopia: prevalence and Vector density. Researcher 2016;8(7):32-39]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 5. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.05.

 

Key words: Bambasi, PCV, Trypanosomosis, Glossina morsitans submorsitans, Risk factors

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6

Prevalence Of Ovine Lungworms In Munesa District, East Arsi, Ethiopia

 

Abdella Shenba, Abdela Ahmed, Abduselam Ali, Daniel Bululta, Fikre Nigatu, Beshatu Ferade ,Lama Yimer

 

Wollega University, School of Veterinary Medicine, Nekemte, Ethiopia

lemayimer@gmail.com; Tel: +251-917-08-1237

 

Abstract: Across-sectional study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence, and the predominant species of ovine lungworms and to evaluate the major host related risk factors on the occurrence of these parasites in sheep from July,2015 to August,2015 in Munesa district /Arsi, south east, Ethiopia. Samples were randomly collected from 384 Sheep from each selected household of peasant associations purposively selected viz. Choba 106, Kersa Ano 86, Doba Ashe 104 and Guri Dangago 88 The raw data was collected on the Specimen Submission Format and examined by using a modified Baermann technique. On overall basis the prevalence was 66.67%. Dictyocaulus filarial was predominant species identified. There was a significant difference (p<0.05) in the infection among age group and body condition of sheep. Odds of sheep with poor body conditions and medium body conditions to be infected with lungworms as compared to sheep with good body conditions is 44.92% (95%CI:4.0033-14.26), 33.20% (95%CI:1.53-4.26 ) and 21.88% respectively. In conclusion, the study revealed that lungworms belong to the major parasites that effect the health and productivity of sheep in the area, hence, due attention should be given to the sector to mitigate the set back.

[Abdella Sh, Abdela A, Abduselam A, Daniel B, Fikre N, Beshatu F , Lama Y. Prevalence of Ovine Lungworms in Munesa District, East Arsi, Ethiopia. Researcher 2016;8(7):40-46]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 6. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.06.

 

Key words: lung worm, Modified Baermann Technique, Munesa, prevalence, Risk factors

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7

The Effect of Earning Management and Mandatory and Voluntary Disclosure on Information Asymmetry in Firms Listed in Tehran Stock Exchange

 

Mohsen Ranjbari *, Saeed Jabbarzadeh Kangarloui **

 

* Department of Accounting, Marand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marand, Iran.

** Department of Accounting, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia Branch, Iran.

** Corresponding author, Tel: 989143480277; Email: jabbarzadeh.s@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of earning management and mandatory and voluntary disclosure on information asymmetry in firms listed in the Tehran Stock Exchange. 100 firms listed in Tehran Stock Exchange are selected to be studied during the period 2007 to 2014. The results indicate that earnings management and mandatory disclosure have positive and significant impact on information asymmetry. In addition, voluntary disclosure has a significant negative impact on information asymmetry. Finally, control variables of firm size, financial leverage and return on assets have not a significant impact on information asymmetry.

[Mohsen Ranjbari, Saeed Jabbarzadeh Kangarloui. The Effect of Earning Management and Mandatory and Voluntary Disclosure on Information Asymmetry in Firms Listed in Tehran Stock Exchange. Researcher 2016;8(7):47-53]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 7. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.07.

 

Keywords: Earning Management, Mandatory and Voluntary Disclosure, Information Asymmetry, Tehran Stock Exchange

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8

Subsurface Study and Petrophysical Analysis of Kharita Formation in Tut field, North Western Desert, Egypt

 

Neamat Aboelhassan1, Elhamy Tarabees1 and Mohamed Alaa2

 

1: Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Damanhour University

2: Halliburton Company, Egypt

miss_geology200@yahoo.com; +201285813589

 

Abstract: Tut Field is located at Khalda concession in the northwestern part of the Western Desert, Egypt. It lies between Latitudes 30 44' 40" and 30 46' N and Longitudes 26 57' 20" and 26 59' 20" E. This work aims to study the subsurface and reservoir characteristics to evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of Kharita Formation based on subsurface data available from open-hole well log records of nine wells distributed in the area of study. The subsurface geologic setting, in terms of determining the stratigraphic and structural settings, is gained through the construction of different aligned stratigraphic and structural cross sections, isopach and lithofacies maps. The petrophysical evaluation, in terms of determining the petrophysical characteristics; net pay thickness, effective porosity ( QUOTE  ), shale content ( QUOTE  ), water saturation ( QUOTE  ) and hydrocarbon saturation ( QUOTE  ), is acquired through quantitative computer processed interpretation. The petrophysical characteristics are illustrated laterally in the form of iso-parametric maps and vertically in the form of litho-saturation cross-plots. According to subsurface study and petrophysical evaluation the most productive area is located in some areas of northern and central parts of Tut field. So it is recommended to focus the exploration activities on these areas.

[Neamat Aboelhassan, Elhamy Tarabees and Mohamed Alaa. Subsurface Study and Petrophysical Analysis of Kharita Formation in Tut field, North Western Desert, Egypt. Researcher 2016;8(7):54-61]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 8. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.08.

 

Keywords: Tut Field, Subsurface study, Petrophysical evaluation, Kharita Formation, Hydrocarbon saturation

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9

Compare the styles of conflict resolution and self- control of women on the verge of divorce and ordinary women in Tehran

 

Raheleh Joharian

 

Corresponding author: master of counseling, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, IRAN.

 

Abstract: The aim of this study was to compare the styles of conflict resolution and self-control among women on the verge of divorce and ordinary women of Tehran. The research method was employed and 60 people from each group were studied. Women randomly among women brink of divorce referred to Family Court and ordinary women as well as women in Tehran were selected randomly. Data collection conflict resolution styles questionnaire (1983) and self-Allahverdi Pour et al. (2005), respectively. The results showed self-control and conflict resolution styles among women on the verge of divorce and ordinary women are different. The significance level model and the independent variable marital status is less than 0.05, thus marital status and self-control were significantly effective conflict resolution styles.

[Raheleh Joharian. Compare the styles of conflict resolution and self- control of women on the verge of divorce and ordinary women in Tehran. Researcher 2016;8(7):62-67]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 9. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.09.

 

Keywords: conflict resolution styles, self-control, women, women on the verge of divorce

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10

Design and Construction of an Inverter Amplifier Circuit for a Mosquito Zapper

 

1M. Alpha, 2JUMMAI D. Makama, 3KURE N., 4BELLO A., 5DANIEL A. Thomas, 6ISLAMIYAT S., 7ADOYI E.

 

1 & 6 Department of Physics, Federal University of Technology Minna, P.M.B 65, Minna

5. Department of Physics, Sule Lamido University, P.M.B 048, Kafin Hausa

3. Department of Physics, Kaduna State University

2 & 4 Department of Physics Ahmadu Bello University

7 Department of Physics, NDA Kaduna

 

Abstract: This work entails the design and construction of a high voltage inverter amplifier circuit for mosquito zapper which can electrocute mosquitoes. It also consists of a power supply unit which is mainly used to charge the battery and the casing was done using Perspex plastic material. The mesh dimension is 33 cm by 23 cm and had one inner mesh with 2 outer ones.

[ M. Alpha, JUMMAI D. Makama, KURE N., BELLO A., DANIEL A. Thomas, ISLAMIYAT S., ADOYI E. Design and Construction of an Inverter Amplifier Circuit for a Mosquito Zapper. Researcher 2016;8(7):68-71]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 10. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.10.

 

Key Words: Zapper, Inverter, amplifier, Mosquito

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11

Review paper: Agricultural and environmental effects on wheat’s Quality and yield.

 

Rabia saif1, Muhammad Tariq1, Chanda Ashraf2.

 

1Department of Plant Breeding and genetics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

2Wheat Research Institute, Ayub Agriculture Research Institute, Faisalabad.

2Cereal and Pulses Section, Agronomic Directorate, AARI, Faisalabad.

Rabiasaif51@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Wheat is a major crop sown all over the world on large area. Almost whole world depend upon it for daily requirements. The purpose of this review is to see the wide range of effects of different factors on the yield and quality of wheat in both positive and negative aspects and to know that how we can cope with these situations. Fertilizer had an effect on the grain yield directly or indirectly. In different rainfed conditions fertilizer and FYM affected the yield. Nitrogen utilization and use efficiency under different environmental conditions increased the yield by effected the protein contents. Temperature, drought, heat all effected the wheat during grain filling stages, at different levels of anthesis and maturity. Different cultivars showed different behavior at different temperatures. So much increased temperature decreased the yield such as above 350C after anthesis. Location also affected the grain quality of wheat. At grain development and grain filling different stresses affected the quality and yield. . Irrigation techniques and water stress affected the grain quality. CO2 level at different irrigation and fertilizer levels increased the grain yield. Weeds decreased the grain quality and grain yield. Diseases such as Leaf Rust, black point infection and powdery mildew decreased the grain yield by lowered their quality. Late frost also decreased the grain quality.

[Rabia saif, Muhammad Tariq, Chanda Ashraf. Review paper: Agricultural and environmental effects on wheat’s Quality and yield. Researcher 2016;8(7):72-81]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 11. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.11.

 

Keywords: Wheat, Quality, Yield, Agriculture and Environment.

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12

Effect of Temperature and kinetic Properties on K2FeO4 Removal of COD and BOD by Oxidation of Landfill Leachate and Sewage.

 

Osu, Charles I*. and Chukwu Uche J.

 

*Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, University of Port Harcourt, P.M.B 5323. Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.Telephone: +2348037783246. E-mail:charsike@yahoo.com; Charles.osu@uniport.edu.ng

 

Abstract: Removal of Chemical oxygen demand (COD) and Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) by oxidation of landfill leachate and sewage using K2FeO4.The kinetic studies were investigated at different temperatures. Ferrate oxidized the landfill leachate and sewage and was effective within 30minutes for all the temperature investigated. The results obtained for COD reduction during treatment ranged from 24.25 to 80.15 % LFLA, 16.52 to 81.72 %, LFLB; 40.57 to 93.85 %, LFLC; 27.36 to 78.75 %, SWA; 25.58 to 78.26 %, SWB and 22.26 to 81.43 % SWC. The oxidation of the samples by the removal of BOD ranged from 24.95 to 65.82%, LFLA; 31.95 to 76.10%, LFLB; 21.19 to 69.99%, LFLC; 29.27 to 71.18% SWA; 15.04 to 65.39 SWB and 54.10 to 74.05%, SWC. In this investigation, the percentage removal increases as the temperature increases. Results revealed that COD and BOD removal efficiency, affected by temperature. Increasing operating temperature had a favorable effect on the COD and BOD removal. The temperature dependence of the kinetic parameters for the process was calculated using the Arrhenius equation. The Arrhenius plot gives a better R2 values for all the samples with range from 0.8279 to 0.9893 for COD and 0.8575 to 0.9803 for BOD. Positive Ea indicate that higher solution temperatures favor the oxidation, and the process is endothermic.

[Osu Charles I. and Chukwu Uche J. Effect of Temperature and kinetic Properties on K2FeO4 Removal of COD and BOD by Oxidation of Landfill Leachate and Sewage. Researcher 2016;8(7):82-85]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 12. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.12.

 

Keywords: Leachate, Sewage, Ferrate, Oxidation, Temperature, COD, BOD

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13

Key Characteristics of Adult Education and Literacy Programs

 

Mohammad Abedi

 

Department of Agricultural Management, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr Branch, Iran

*Corresponding author: abedi114@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: A distinguishing characteristic of adult education programs is that program content and language must be suitable and respectful of adult clients. For example, instead of using the word “student” which may imply a traditional teacher/student relationship where a student is subservient to the teacher, all state program materials use the word “learner” or “customer.” Using this type of language acknowledges the adults’ existing knowledge and real-world experience and makes them the focus of the program. The Pennsylvania Adult Basic and Literacy Education Indicators of Program. Quality emphasize the importance of customer satisfaction and learner progress on individualized goals One quality area explicitly states that “program staff and learners jointly develop, regularly evaluate, and update an instructional plan that incorporates the individual’s learning styles and preferences” . This is just one example of how learners and staff are equals and collaborate on the learners’ participation in the program.

[Mohammad Abedi. Key Characteristics of Adult Education and Literacy Programs. Researcher 2016;8(7):86-91]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 13. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.13.

 

Keywords: adult education, Literacy

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14

Introduction of Western Blotting (WB) and Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay ELISA

 

Ma Hongbao, Yang Yan

 

Brookdale University Hospital and Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 11212, USA, hma@bhmcny.org, youngjenny2008@yahoo.com; (347) 321-7172

 

Abstract: Western blotting (WB) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) are the two most useful and sensitive methods to measure the ng/ml to pg/ml ordered materials in the solution, such as in tissue, serum, urine and cultured cells, etc, and they are especially widely used in protein detection. This article describes the principle theories and techniques for WB and ELISA procedure.

[Ma H, Yang Y. Introduction of Western Blotting (WB) and Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay ELISA. Researcher 2016;8(7):92-102]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 14. doi:10.7537/marsrsj080716.14.

 

Keywords: assay; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); method; protein; SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE); Western blotting (WB)

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review starting from July 2, 2016. 

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