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ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online), doi:10.7537, Monthly
Volume 9 - Issue 3 (Cumulated No. 93), March 25, 2017
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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Influence of land use on Soil Physico-chemical Properties in Otite, Guinea Savannah zone, Nigeria

 

Babalola, T. S. and Kadiri W.O.J.

 

Kabba College of Agriculture, Division of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University

P.M.B 205, Kabba. pauloxti@yahoo.com, +2347030547750

 

Abstract The Influence of land use types on the soil physico-chemical properties in Federal College of Education Otite, Guinea Savanna Zone, Nigeria was examined. The following arable land uses were selected; maize/ cowpea intercrop, Yam/ Cassava sole crop and Fallow. An area of almost flat land of 50m by 30m was selected under each of the three land use types. For individual land use type, surface soil samples were collected at the depth of 0 – 30cm and analyzed for some physical and chemical properties. The result shows that nine properties (Total N, Ca, Mg, K, Na, CEC, Sand, Clay and Silt) are significantly different (P=0.01). However there is no significant difference in pH, Organic matter and bulk density for the three land use types. The study was able to establish that land use types affect soil properties in the study area.

[Babalola, T. S. and Kadiri W.O.J. Influence of land use on Soil Physico-chemical Properties in Otite, Guinea Savannah zone, Nigeria. Researcher 2017;9(3):1-4]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 1. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.01.

 

Key Words: Soil, Properties, Land use

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2

Survival Increasing of Sturgeon Fries by Controlling Submerged Weeds

 

Gelare Goodarzi1 *, Abass Keshtehgar2, Yousef Filizadeh1

 

1.  Department of Agronomy, Shahed University, P.O. Box: 18151/159 Tehran, Iran.

2.  Higher Educational Complex of Saravan

Email: gelareh.goodarzy@uoz.ac.ir

 

Abstract: Sturgeons are the most valuable aquatic animals in the Caspian Sea. Sturgeon fries at 100 mg weight easily trapped in heavy dense stands of submerged aquatic vegetation. Due to the often detrimental impacts of submerged weeds on growth and mortality of young fish, removal of nuisance vegetation with minimal harm to sturgeon fries is a desirable goal. Paraquat (1,1-dimethyl-4, 4-bipyridinium ion) was evaluated at rates of 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 5, and 10 mg l-1 in the fish ponds for control of Potamogeton crispus, Ceratophyllum demersum, Myriophyllum spicatum and Hydrilla verticillata in the International Institute of Caspian Sea, Shahid Ansari and Shahid Beheshti Fish Research Stations, Rasht, Iran during 2011-2012. Paraquat treatments were conducted on May 25, 2011 and June 10, 2012. The 5 mg l-1 treatments and above reduced biomass of all aquatic weeds by > 75%. Treatment of 10 mg l-1 reduced the biomass of aquatic weeds by > 90%; however this application rate also significantly reduced growth several desirable and non-target species such as Chara by > 90%. Biomass of submerged weeds following the 0.5, 1, 2 mg l-1 application of paraquat were reduced 8, 12 and 26% respectively. Results showed the removal of competitive, canopy forming weeds such as Potamogeton crispus, Ceratophyllum demersum and Myriophyllum spicatum open new areas and increased the survivability rate of sturgeon fries by 45%.

[Gelare Goodarzi, Abass Keshtehgar, Yousef Filizadeh. Survival Increasing of Sturgeon Fries by Controlling Submerged Weeds. Researcher 2017;9(3):5-8]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 2. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.02.

 

Keywords: Sturgeons fries, Fish ponds, Submerged weeds, Paraquat.

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3

Investigation violation of company funds due to the production of defective goods

 

Mohmmad Abdolalipour

 

MSc in business administration, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

 

Abstract: In this paper, violation of funds of companies was investigated due to production of defective goods. How much of defective goods and to convert waste into safe products are healthy rework process and whether or not it is cost-effective implementation of this process. Members of the group to gather the information needed for the above topics were designed questionnaires by which the required information about waste and the amount of gain. It was originally intended that the members of this statistical sample to the same goods are institutions that limit, but then because of the shortage of the population they tried to take by raw materials. After selection by the founder of the completed questionnaires population were collected.

[Mohmmad Abdolalipour. Investigation violation of company funds due to the production of defective goods. Researcher 2017;9(3):9-14]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 3. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.03.

 

Keywords: defective goods, fund, production

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4

Effect of machine types, speed and moisture content on wheat Nida cultivar

 

Mousa, A, Aljubory1.2. Mohammed H. Kianmeher1. Akbar Arabhosseini, Shahriar Kouravand1

 

1. Department of Agrotechonlogy, College of Abouraihan, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2. Department of Agricultural Machinery, University of Al- Euphrates, Iraq

Corresponding author: salih_alsh1971@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: the effect milling process on wheat Nida cultivar, was studied based on some technical indicators, Two types of machines (Cylinder and Hammer), were tested at three moisture content of grain 13-15%, 15- 17% and 17-19%, and three ranges speed of 0.717, 0.820 and 0.921. The experiments were done in a factorial experiment under complete randomized design with three replications. The results showed that the Cylinder machine was significantly better than Hammer machine in all studied condition. The results showed a production process of 1.581 and 1.451 ton\hr, power consumption of 15.136 and 15.824 kW, milling recovery of 70.107 and 69.947 %, degree milling 10.845 and 10.125% and milling efficiency of 81.222 and 80.808 % for Cylinder and Hammer machines, respectively.http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher.

[Mousa, A, Aljubory. Mohammed H. Kianmeher. Akbar Arabhosseini, Shahriar Kouravand. Effect of machine types, speed and moisture content on wheat Nida cultivar. Researcher 2017;9(3):15-22]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 4. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.04.

 

Keywords: Speed, moisture content, milling wheat, technical indicators

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5

Evaluative analysis of regression models for carbon sequestration determination in Gmelina arborea stands in Omo Forest Reserve, Ogun State

 

Funmilayo Sarah Eguakun 1, Peter Oluremi Adesoye 2, Bukola Amoo Oyebade 1

 

1. Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, University of Port Harcourt

2. Department of Forestry School of Agriculture, University of Venda Thohoyandou, South Africa

funmilayo.popo-ola@uniport.edu.ng

 

Abstract: Carbon sequestration is the process of removing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and ‘storing’ it in plants that use sunlight to turn CO2 into biomass and oxygen. The integration of carbon sequestered by forest ecosystems into forest management planning models has become increasingly more important, particularly in the areas of climate change, land use, and sustainable forest management. The objective of the study was to develop and evaluate carbon sequestration prediction models for Gmelina arborea. Based on the data set from the temporary sample plots, several regression models including semi logarithm, double logarithm, power, polynomials and combined variable models were tested. These models were evaluated in terms of coefficient of determination (R2), standard error of the estimate (SEE) and Akiakes Information Criteria (AIC). The significance of the estimated parameters was also verified. Plot of residuals against estimated carbon sequestered were observed. Polynomial models were observed to be more consistent in their predictive ability; and were therefore recommended for predicting carbon sequestered in the stand.

[Eguakun F.S., Adesoye P.O., Oyebade B.A. Evaluative analysis of regression models for carbon sequestration determination in Gmelina arborea stands in Omo Forest Reserve, Ogun State. Researcher 2017;9(3):23-28]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 5. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.05.

 

Keywords: Carbon sequestration; Forest trees; Global warming; Polynomial models.

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6

The Role of Superstition in Kilims and Gabbehs of Iran

 

Nazanin Pooladi

 

MA in visual communication (Graphics), Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

 

Abstract: The aim of this study is to identify motifs of Iranian kilims and gabbehs, which have long been studied so far. Gabbeh and rug are concrete manifestation of Iranian art which are worthy of an extended amount of importance and value. Such motifs and designs tend to determine the creative mind, unworldly wisdom, never-resting muscles, ultimate power and the ideas of the weavers. These motifs and designs feature certain secrets and roots in a way that getting to know them provides insight on life philosophy, myths and structure of customs of native tribes. Beliefs and customs of every nation or race could be examined through stories, myths, historic sites and ancient remains from the old times. Encryption-intended designs and motifs in addition to simplify the designs along with vivid and dynamic coloring do require wide range of attention and analysis. Of the major strengths of the rugs are the originality, nativity and finally being wholly Iranian.

[Nazanin Pooladi. The Role of Superstition in Kilims and Gabbehs of Iran. Researcher 2017;9(3):29-38]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 6. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.06.

 

Keywords: Kilim – Gabbeh – Beliefs and superstition – Motifs

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7

Design, Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of a Hand Operated Maize Sheller

 

Tanko Bako1*, Boman James Bature2

 

1, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.

2, Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Nigeria

engbako@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Maize (Zea mays) is one of the most important cereal crops in the world agricultural economy. It is known as queen of cereals and king of fodder due to its great importance in human and animal diet. Many farmers grow maize but could not afford the cost of acquiring some of the imported shelling machines because of their cost. Such people resort to traditional means of shelling. The traditional shelling methods are rubbing the maize cobs against each another, rubbing on bricks or stone and by using iron cylinder consisting of wire mesh inside. These methods are time consuming and result to low efficiency, high level of wastage and exerting of much labour. In view of this, the study was undertaken to design, fabricate and evaluate a hand operated maize sheller that is low cost and efficient. The maize sheller consisted of a cylinder and a concave. The cylinder made up of mild steel of size diameter 20 cm. The cylinder length 86 cm, having beaters which rotates along the cylinder and separates grains from the cobs. While the concave was fabricated using 2mm size mild steel sheets. The length of concave was 86cm with opening size of 13mm diameter. It was observed that for hand operated maize sheller at a moisture content of 16 % w.b., the shelling efficiency, cobs outlet loss and visible damage was found to be 75.03 %, 24.97 % and 1.3 %, respectively.

[Tanko Bako, Boman James Bature. Design, Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of a Hand Operated Maize Sheller. Researcher 2017;9(3):39-47]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 7. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.07.

 

Key words: Design, Fabrication, Impact-type, Hand operated, Maize sheller

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8

Human Heart-Type Fatty Acid Binding Protein as a Biomarker in Patients with Acute Chest Pain

 

El-Saeid, M. E. El-Bawab, Mohammad Mohammad Abolfotoh, Abdelzaher M. H, Hussein M. Eldeeb and Sayed Fathy Ali

 

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Assuit, Egypt

elsaeidelbawab@yahoo.com, drmmmdrmmm@gmail.com, abdelzaher_gerga@yahoo.com, husseineldeeb@qumed.edu.sa, sayedfathya@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Human Heart-Type Fatty Acid Binding Protein (H-FABP), a small (15kDa) cytoplasmic tissue specific protein, is mainly expressed by myocytes. Aim: The aim of this work is to compare between (H-FABP) as a sensitive biomarker than other traditional biomarkers for early differential diagnosis of acute chest pain. Methods: This study was carried out on 60 subjects and classified into four groups; Control group, Acute myocardial infarction (AMI), Unstable angina (UA) and Non cardiac chest pain (NCCP). We assessed serum levels of LDH, Tropinine-I, CK-MB, H-FABP and Myoglobin. Results: We found that Serum H-FABP was significantly higher in AMI and UA in comparison with control and NCCP groups (P<0.05). Serum H-FABP differentiated between AMI group & UA group at cut off 22.35 ng/ml with sensitivity 85%, specificity 70 %, and over all accuracy 81.2%. Serum H-FABP differentiated between AMI group cases of 0 – 3 hours, as it has the highest sensitivity of the studied cardiac markers. Conclusion: This study showed that Measurement of serum H-FABP can be used in early differential diagnosis of acute chest pain patients.

[El-Saeid, M. E. El-Bawab, Mohammad Mohammad Abolfotoh, Abdelzaher M. H, Hussein M. Eldeeb and Sayed Fathy Ali. Human Heart-Type Fatty Acid Binding Protein as a Biomarker in Patients with Acute Chest Pain. Researcher 2017;9(3):48-55]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 8. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.08.

 

Keywords: Heart Type-Fatty Acid Binding Protein (H-FABP), Acute chest pain, Myocardial infarction

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9

Studies on levamisole Hcl as a feed additive on the non-specific immune response and growth performance with disease resistance of Aeromonas hydrophila in Clarias gariepinus

 

Amnah, A.H. Rayes

 

Faculty of Applied Sciences. Umm Al- Qura University Makkah, KSA

 

Abstract: Present investigation was designed for examination of levamisole Hcl on Clarias gariepinus as immunostimulant, growth promoter and protect fish from challenge infection with Aeromonas hydrophila. A total number of 150 Clarias gariepinus were fed diets containing 0 (control), 50, 100, 250 and 500 mg levamisole Hcl kg 1 dry diet for 14 days. Lysozyme and blood lymphocyte proliferation were dermined at 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks after last administration of levamisole. Fish were challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila 4 weeks post-treatment, and mortalities were recorded over a 40-day period. The results demonstrate that fish treated with levamisole showed significantly lysozyme elevated levels than control group (P<0.05). Elevated lymphocyte proliferation were recorded significantly with addition of levamisole (P>0.05). The levamisole treated fish were the more resistant. 50 mg levamisole kg 1 dry diet had no effects on the immune response of Clarias gariepinus, whereas 500 mg levamisole kg -1 dry diet caused immunosuppression. The present results suggest that administration of 250 mg levamisole kg -1 dry diet to Clarias gariepinus should be optimum for stimulating nonspecific defense mechanisms and the specific immune response against Aeromonas hydrophila.

[Amnah, A.H. Rayes. Studies on levamisole Hcl as a feed additive on the non-specific immune response and growth performance with disease resistance of Aeromonas hydrophila in Clarias gariepinus. Researcher 2017;9(3):56-60]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 9. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.09.

 

Keywords: Levamisole - Immune response - Disease resistance - Clarias gariepinus - Aeromonas hydrophila.

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10

Prevalence on Bovine Trypanomosis and Vector Density in Four Selected settlements of Dangur Area, North Western Ethiopia

 

Lijalem Nigussie 2, Geremew Haile1*, Abriham Kebede1, Negesse Mekonnen 3and Walkite Furgassa1

 

1 Wollega University, School of Veterinary Medicine, Nekemt, Ethiopia 2 Jigjiga University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Jigjiga, Ethiopia, 3National Animal Health Diagnosis, Sebeta, Ethiopia

Email: geremewlov@gmail.com

 

Abstract: A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2015 to April 2016 in four selected settlements of Dangur area northwestern Ethiopia with the aim to determine the prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and to assess apparent densities of vectors. Baited mono pyramidal traps were used for the vector survey while Buffy coat technique was used for the determination of prevalence of trypanosomosis. One species of the genus Glossina (Glossina tachynoides) and three genera of biting flies (Stomoxys, Tabanus and heamatopota) were caught and identified. The overall apparent density of tsetse flies and other biting flies caught were 1073 (9.75) flies per trap per day) and 852(7.74) respectively. A higher number of female Glossina species 659(61.4%) was caught than male 414(38.6%). Out of a total 439 cattle examined, 43 (9.8%) with 95% CI: [8.26% – 12.38%] were found infected with trypanosomes. The species of trypanosomes encountered in the current study were Trypanosoma congolense and Trypanosoma vivax which accounted for 72.09% and 28.91% of the overall infection, respectively. The prevalence in all selected peasant associations (PAs) were 10.35%, 8.50%, 13.89% and 5.89% for Demtsatse, Azarti kitili, Alkasha and Burji respectively. In this study, there was no statistically significant difference (P>0.05) between PAs, body condition, age and sex. Statistically significant difference (P< 0.05) was observed with the mean PCV values between parasitaemic (21.9%) and aparasitaemic animals (29.3%) and species of trypanosoma. According to this study, the prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and the presence of its vector are evident that can pose impact to the performance of livestock in the area. Therefore, possible control options should be implemented to reduce the disease associated economic loss.

[Lijalem Nigussie, Geremew Haile, Abriham Kebede, Negesse Mekonnen and Walkite Furgassa. Prevalence on Bovine Trypanomosis and Vector Density in Four Selected settlements of Dangur Area, North Western Ethiopia. Researcher 2017;9(3):61-68]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 10. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.10.

 

Key Words: Glossina, PCV, Trypanosomosis and Settlements

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Analysis of the relationship between professional ethics and organizational commitment (Case Study: County staff Yazd)

 

Fakhrodin hejazi1, Mohsen rezaee2

 

1PhD Student of management and CEO Behnavard, Yazd, Iran.

2PhD Student of Accounting, Company Consulting of Behnavard, yazd, Iran.

 

Abstract: On the threshold of the third millennium of human civilization and technology and outstanding special features, and science and technology are widely and quickly goes and encompass of life and human civilization and faced with complex personal and social problems requires a new approach. One of these new approaches, especially in organizations is professionalism and commitment principles. Professional ethics and organizational commitment are the most principles. This study aims to investigate the interactions of the components of professional ethics and organizational commitment in YAZD Governors staff.

The method used in this study is a survey questionnaire data and using simple random sampling method was collected from 183 employees of YAZD governor. To assess the reliability use the cronbach s coefficient. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software. Professional ethics was measured in standard questionnaire of 16 items. The findings indicate that organizational commitment and professional ethics too moderate and in general were between organizational commitment and professional ethics and accountability, truthfulness, fairness, loyalty and there is no interface relationship between organizational commitment and superiority of racing.

[fakhrodin hejazi, Mohsen rezaee. Analysis of the relationship between professional ethics and organizational commitment (Case Study: County staff Yazd). Researcher 2017;9(3):69-73]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 11. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.11.

 

Keywords: professional ethics, components of professional ethics, organizational commitment, YAZD city

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The relationship between emotional intelligence with conflict of Aligned whit staff

 

Maryam Mansor Dehghan

 

Department of Accounting, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University.

 

Abstract: Obviously attention to emotions in organization requires to determination of employees' emotion situation and also effective management of these emotions is necessary for controlling conflicts in organization. In this study is attempted to evaluate the relations between intelligence emotions indexes and interpersonal conflicts in the government suspended bureau of Iran. Statistic society of this research is 2000 persons that the sample was chosen based on Cochran with 322 members. The statistic methods that have been used are Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, correlation coefficient Pierson and regression. To gathering data, questionnaire was designed and after fill these forms by members of sample, the data are analyzed by SPSS software and also all the hypotheses are tested. The results have shown that emotions' application has the most impact on conflicts of employees.

[Maryam Mansor Dehghan. The relationship between emotional intelligence with conflict of Aligned whit staff. Researcher 2017;9(3):74-79]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 12. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.12.

 

Key words: emotional intelligence, organization conflicts, the government suspended

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Is therapy based on acceptance and commitment may increase the efficacy of divorced women under welfare organization?

 

Mozhgan Shaker

 

1-1-department of Clinical Psychology, Yazd science and research branch, Islamic Azad university, Yazd, Iran.

2-1- Department of Clinical Psychology, Yazd branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd. Iran.

 

Abstract: This research is carried out targeting the assessment of effectiveness of group therapy based on acceptance and commitment on social avoidance and general self-efficiency among the divorced women from Yazd City who are supported by Welfare Organization. At first, two centers were selected among the clinics and communities associated with Welfare using availability method, the women were asked to complete the questionnaires on social pressure, and avoidance and general self-efficiency. in the next stage, 60 people who scored the least from the questionnaires were randomly divided into two test and control groups. Then 8 therapy sessions were held for the test group. In the meantime, the control group received no therapy. After these sessions, both groups were post-tested again. The result of covariance analysis showed that in the post-test of the test group, the scores of general self-efficiency increased. Therefore, we could conclude that group training of this therapy is effective on increasing of general self-efficiency of divorced women.

[Mozhgan Shaker. Is therapy based on acceptance and commitment may increase the efficacy of divorced women under welfare organization?. Researcher 2017;9(3):80-87]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 13. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.13.

 

Keywords: social avoidance, general self-efficiency, divorce, therapy

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Studying the effect of perceived value and confidence on behavioural intentions: A case study of insured’s

 

Farzaneh Ghanavati

 

Department of Management, Payame Noor University, Bandar-e Mahshahr, Iran

Farzaneh.ghavati@gmail.com

 

Nowadays insurance organizations had understand importance of having contact with customers and consent and loyalty to these organizations are the reason of their accomplishment so identifying customer behavioral intention has a specific importance and one way to increase customer s behavioral intention in a positive line is improve the perceive value and increasing believe of customers so goal of this research is checking these two factors. we analyzed 384 customers of insurance organization and for this hypothesis we used a simple regression and some variables and smart-pls software results showed that believe and its components effect on customer behavioral intentions and perceive value and its components effect on believe of customers. structure models of believe perceive value and customer behavioral intention had a good fitness and so hypothesizes of research are confirmed. insurance organizations should consider that for increasing customer behavioral intention they should increase believe and perceive value.

[Farzaneh Ghanavati. Studying the effect of perceived value and confidence on behavioural intentions: A case study of insured’s Farzaneh Ghanavati. Researcher 2017;9(3):88-98]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 14. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090317.14.

 

Keywords: Effect of trust, perceived value, behavioral intentions

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review starting from February 21, 2017. 

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