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ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online), doi:10.7537, Monthly
Volume 9 - Issue 6 (Cumulated No. 96), June 25, 2017
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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Dry matter accumulation and harvest index in varieties of canola, mustard and turnip crops under appropriate and late planting dates

 

Mohammad Vali Najafzadeh1, Mohammad Mir Azami1 (Corresponding author), Abolfazl Faraji2

 

1. M.Sc. of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University of Gorgan, Golestan Province, Iran.

2. Associated professor, Horticulture and Agronomy Department, Golestan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center. Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Gorgan, Iran.

m.mirazami@gmail.com

 

Abstract: In order to determine the accumulation of dry matter and harvest index, experiment with different varieties of canola, mustard and turnip crops was done in Gonbad city. Mustard crop genotypes, including genotypes G-98, Bared 1, two genotypes turnip Rainbow and candle and four Canola hyolla 401, valves, RGS003 and Select 4 (a cross between canola and mustard crops), respectively. Experiment in a randomized complete block design in three replications during 2009-2010 and in two different planting dates (the second half of November and December) were performed. The results showed significant differences between genotypes shoot dry matter accumulation at the beginning of grain filling, shoot dry matter accumulation at the time of their maturity and harvest index. Delaying planting these traits also showed a decreasing trend from it. On the first sowing dry matter content in the grain filling, shoot dry matter at the time of maturity and harvest index equal to 10740, 12376 kg per hectare and 20.3%, respectively. In the second planting date, respectively, the average of these traits in 9053, 10188 kg per hectare and 21.6%, respectively. The effect of genotype was significant on all traits. Harvest index Hyola401 with an average of 25.9 percent of the maximum amount and genotype candle with an average of 4.17 percent was the lowest amount.

[Mohammad Vali Najafzadeh, Mohammad Mir Azami, Abolfazl Faraji. Dry matter accumulation and harvest index in varieties of canola, mustard and turnip crops under appropriate and late planting dates. Researcher 2017;9(6):1-3]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 1. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.01.

 

Keywords: biomass, harvest index, planting dates, genotypes.

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2

Effect of different levels of superabsorbent and deficit irrigation on drainage salinity changes

 

H. Taheri1 and A. Soltani Mohammadi2

 

1-M. Sc. Student of Irrigation and Drainage, Faculty of Water Sciences Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran. h.taheri15193@gmail.com

2-Assistant professor of Irrigation and Drainage, Faculty of Water Sciences Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran, A.soltani@scu.ac.ir

 

Abstract: This study investigates the quality of discharged drainage from soil containing different levels of superabsorbent polymers. This experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design factorial with two treatments of irrigation regime at three levels (50, 75 and 100 percent of crop water requirement) and four superabsorbent hydrogel application (0, 4, 6 and 8 g per kg of soil) in three replication in the research field of Faculty of Water Sciences Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. The discharged drainage was studied after irrigation in days of 26, 51 and 85 after planting the lettuce to the pot. The results showed that superabsorbent polymers reduce the electric conductivity of the drainage by absorbing the salt of the soil. The lowest amount of electric conductivity was observed in the treatment of 6 gram.

[Taheri H, Soltani Mohammadi A. Effect of different levels of superabsorbent and deficit irrigation on drainage salinity changes. Researcher 2017;9(6):4-7]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 2. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.02.

 

Keywords: Superabsorbent, Drought stress, Drainage

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The Effect of Tillage on Fertile Sodic and Saline Micro-textured Soil Rehabilitation Process of Southern Khuzestan Lands

 

Mansour Sorkheh Nezhad1, Mohammad valipoor2, Heydar Ali Kashkouli3

 

1, 2MSc in Irrigation and Drainage, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch of Khuzestan

3Head of Department in Irrigation and Drainage, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch of Khuzestan

1Email: m.sorkheh1@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Soil rehabilitation is one of the concerns of those involved in the agricultural sector for sustainable development and it is one of the quantitative developments. This study was conducted in Darkhoein region located in Shadegan city in 35 km north of Abadan. To evaluate the soil, the specimens were collected by digging deep profiles at the depths of 0-20, 20-40, 40-60 and 80-100 cm and after its analysis in the laboratory and calculating ECe, SAR ESP, CEC and…values, the physical and chemical characteristics were studied. The study was conducted as completely randomized block design with 2 treatments (control, tillage) and 3 replications in 1*1 metal plots. The amount of water required for leaching was determined at a rate of 100 cm and at 5 levels. After each step specimens were taken from four depths of soil and the experiments were conducted. Study of the results and statistical analysis showed that tillage process has no desired effect on leaching and it is proposed to use tillage process after leaching to prevent a secondary salinity.

[Sorkheh-Nezhad, M, Valipoor. M, Kashkouli. H. A. The Effect of Tillage on Fertile Sodic and Saline Micro-textured Soil Rehabilitation Process of Southern Khuzestan Lands. Researcher 2017;9(6):8-14]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 3. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.03.

 

Keywords: Desalination, saline and alkaline soils, deep tillage, exchangeable sodium, sodium adsorption ratio

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Clostridium Difficile Causing Nosocomial Diarrhea in Children with malignant tumors

 

El Sayed Ahmed El Sayed Gouda 1, Ibrahim Mohammed Al-Hosiny 1, Tarik Hassan M. Kabel 1, Reham Abdelaziz Khedr 2 and Ibrahim Hassan Bayomy1.

 

1 Medical Microbiology and immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Al- Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

2 Pediatric Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Ihbda7108@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: Nowadays, patients with cancer receive more intensive chemotherapeutic regimens together with broad-spectrum antibiotics during periods of intense immunosuppression. Thus, cancer patients are susceptible to colonization with C. difficile, but the role of this pathogen in pediatric oncology patients is poorly understood. Objectives: detect the prevalence of C. difficile, analyze what risk factors which favor the development of C. difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) in pediatric oncology patients and evaluate the usefulness of direct stool PCR assay as a diagnostic tool for diagnosis of CDAD as compared with other laboratory tests. Subjects and Methods: The current study comprised Ninety pediatric oncology Patients, having nosocomial diarrhea from National Cancer Institute, Cairo University (NCI) after obtaining an informed written consent for participation in the present study. Demographic Data including age, sex, Diagnosis, disease status and treatment phase of the enrolled patients was collected. Clinical Outcome was reported. Stool samples were collected from each patient and were subjected to direct Toxin A/B ELISA and anaerobic culture on Cycloserine, cefoxitin, fructose agar (CCFA) for 72hrs. Clostridium difficile isolates were confirmed by a distinctive odor, fluorescence, motility and biochemical reactions. DNA was extracted from all C. difficile isolates and stool samples. the presence of tcdA and tcdB (Toxin) genes were tested using polymerase chain reaction. Results: Toxigenic Clostridium difficile strains isolated were detected in 14 (15.6%) pediatric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Considering the toxigenic stool culture as the "gold standard", the sensitivities, specificities, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracies of the assays, respectively, were 85.7%, 97.7%, 75%, 97.3% and 93.3% for direct Toxin A/B ELISA compared with 88.9%, 100%, 100%, 98.8% and 98.9% for direct PCR detection for toxin A gene and 85.7%, 100%, 100%, 97.4% and 97.8 for direct PCR detection for toxin B gene. Conclusion and recommendations: C. difficile is an important cause of diarrhea in pediatric cancer patients. Direct detection of C. difficile genes from stool samples based on PCR is more sensitive and less time-consuming than culture methods and provides greater sensitivity than an enzyme immunoassay.

[El Sayed Ahmed El Sayed Gouda, Ibrahim Mohammed Al-Hosiny, Tarik Hassan M. Kabel, Reham Abdelaziz Khedr and Ibrahim Hassan Bayomy. Clostridium Difficile Causing Nosocomial Diarrhea in Children with malignant tumors. Researcher 2017;9(6):15-24]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 4. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.04.

 

Keywords: C. difficile, diarrhea, children and malignant tumors

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Study on Cattle Fasciolosis and Hydatidosis at Adama Municipal Abattoir, Eastern Ethiopia: Prevalence and Economic impact

 

1Ahmed Nur, 2Getachew Dinede, 3Sisay Getachew and 3Kefyalew Chirkena

 

1Oromia Livestock and Fisheries Resources Development Bureau, East Shoa Zonal Office, Adama, Ethiopia

2Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Epidemiology Directorate, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

3 Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Livestock Identification and Traceability System, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Email: dinedegech@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Cross sectional study was conducted between December, 2009 and April, 2010 with the objective of determining the prevalence of hydatidosis and fasciolosis, identifying major causes of organ condemnation and estimating direct financial losses due to organ condemnation associated with fasciolosis and hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered in Adama Municipal Abattoir, Eastern Ethiopia. Detailed post mortem meat inspection procedures were employed to detect the pathological lesions in 300 cattle. Nearly seven in ten cattle were found affected with one or more of pathological lesions. Overall, 358 different organs were condemned with liver being the highest 151(42.2%). Hydatidosis was the leading cause (53.5%) for organ condemnation. Fasciolosis and hydatidosis were the leading causes of condemnation for liver and lungs, respectively. Overall, 97/300 (32.3%) (95% CI: 27%, 37%) and 146/300(48.7%) (95% CI: 43%, 54%) of cattle were found harboring fasciola and hydatid cyst, respectively. An estimated annual direct financial loss from condemnation of organs associated with hydatidosis and fasciolosis was 39,868.00 Ethiopian Birr (ETB) and 87,210.00 ETB, respectively contributing for total monetary losses of 127,078.00 ETB (approximately $5776.27 USD).

[Nur A, Dinede G, Getachew S, Chirkena, K. Study on Cattle Fasciolosis and Hydatidosis at Adama Municipal Abattoir, Eastern Ethiopia: Prevalence and Economic impact. Researcher 2017;9(6):25-31]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 5. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.05.

 

Key words: Cattle, Fasciolosis; Financial loss, Hydatidosis, Organ condemnation, Pathological lesions, Prevalence

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6

Land Management Practices And The Yield Of Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) In The Humid Deltaic Tropical Environment Of Nigeria

 

Mmom P.C, Ezekwe I.C & Chukwu-Okeah G.O

 

Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Port Harcourt

giftchukwuokeah@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The practice of the adoption of different land management systems in the growth of crops have overtime affected the level of crop production in Nigeria, this is because land management system practice determines the amount of nutrient that will either be retained in the soil or loss from the soil. This study was poised to assess the potency of three land management systems in the yield of cassava as a test crop. This was done using the Traditional, (planting on the surface), Ridge and the Mound land management system. To achieve this runoff plots were constructed with the size (5m x 10m) and fertilizer applied to the three treatment plots. The result of the study revealed that the ridge land management system had the highest yield accounting for 156 tubers of cassava which in turn amounts to 35.8t/ha as against the other two land management systems. The study therefore recommended that the ridge land management system should be adopted as a land management practice to increase cassava production which in recent time a foreign earner and for increased production.

[Mmom P.C, Ezekwe I.C & Chukwu-Okeah G.O. Land Management Practices And The Yield Of Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) In The Humid Deltaic Tropical Environment Of Nigeria. Researcher 2017;9(6):32-39]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 6. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.06.

 

Keywords: land management systems, crop yield, cassava

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Use of Spent Brewers’ Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) in Feeds to Replace Soya Bean on Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Internal Organs of Broiler Chickens

 

Patricia Fremu Chollom1*, Ocheme Julius Okojokwu1, Otumala John Egbere1, Fidelis Nkasiobi Ikeji3, Amos Gana Yisa3, Umaru Dass Doma2, Ediga Bede Agbo2

 

1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria.

2Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria.

3Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author: ciachollom@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Spent brewers’ yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) which is a good source of protein, amino acids, vitamins, crude fibre and metabolizable energy remains underutilized in spite of its several advantages. Spent brewer’s yeast was used to formulate poultry feed replacing soya bean in graded levels and used in broiler chicken production. Objective: To investigate the effect of spent brewers’ yeast on growth performance, carcass characteristics and internal organs of broiler chickens. Methods: Two hundred 14 day old “sayed” broiler chickens were used to determine the growth performance and carcass characteristics as well as internal organs fed the formulated feeds. Five experimental diets containing 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% spent brewers’ yeast used to replace soya bean were formulated and used to feed broiler chickens for 50 days. The experiments were in a completely randomized design with the five treatments each replicating four times with 40 birds per treatment and 10 birds per replicate. Results: The average live weight of broiler chicken ranged from 1963-2063 g across all the treatments but were not significantly (P > 0.05) affected by dietary treatment. Similarly, growth rate and feed conversion ratio were not significantly affected by dietary treatment (P > 0.05). Average daily feed intake was however significantly affected (p <0.05). Carcass yield showed that live weight, plucked weight, dressing percentage, breast, wings and caeca were not significantly (P > 0.05) affected by the dietary treatment. However, thigh, abdominal fat, drumstick and back were significantly affected (P <0.05). The percentage weight of the internal organs were not significantly (P > 0.05) affected by the dietary treatments except small intestine which was significantly affected (P < 0.0). Conclusion: The results showed that spent brewers’ yeast can be used to replace soya bean up to the levels tested providing protein without adverse effect on growth performance, carcass characteristics and internal organs of broiler chickens.

[Chollom PF, Okojokwu OJ, Egbere OJ, Ikeji FN, Yisa AG, Doma UD, Agbo EB. Use of Spent Brewers’ Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) in Feeds to Replace Soya Bean on Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Internal Organs of Broiler Chickens. Researcher 2017;9(6):40-44]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 7. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.07.

 

Key words: Spent Brewers’ yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Broiler, Carcass, Soya bean, formulated feeds

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Vulnerability and adaptation strategies for sunflower crop under climatic changes conditions in Egypt

 

El-Marsafawy, Samia M; M. A. Ibrahim; N. G. Ainer, Manal, M. El-Tantawy; F. A. Khalil; Neamat Allah, Y. Othman and I. M. Abdel Fattah

 

Soil, Water and Environment Research Institute (SWERI), Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Egypt

Samiaelmarsafawy797@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: A field trial was carried out during the two sunflower growing seasons 2010 and 2011 to find out the negative effects of climate change (CC) phenomenon on production and water productivity of sunflower crop. The experiments were carried out at Sakha and Giza Agricultural Research Stations. The sites represent middle north Nile Delta and middle Egypt areas, respectively. Global Circulation Models (GCMs) and the dynamic crop growth model OILCROP-SUN which imbedded with the computer program "DSSAT" was used to assess the potential impact of climate change on sunflower crop productivity. The results showed that climate change could decrease sunflower seed yield about 16, 9 and 7 % at Sakha; 22, 19 and 13 % at Giza for sunflower genotypes of Sakha53, Hybrid19 and Hybrid20, respectively. In addition, it will caused reduction in crop water productivity about 21, 14 and 11 % at Sakha; 28, 25 and 20 % at Giza, for the same respective sunflower genotypes. Choosing the appropriate adaptation strategies can significantly contribute in reducing the negative impact of climate change on sunflower productivity along with its water productivity. For example, increasing the amount of irrigation water with 10-20% can be resulted in minimizing the negative impact of climate change. Egypt is facing a series water shortage at present and under climate change, the results showed that skipping last irrigation has the least negative effect on crop production.

[El-Marsafawy, Samia M; M. A. Ibrahim; N. G. Ainer, Manal, M. El-Tantawy; F. A. Khalil; Neamat Allah, Y. Othman and I. M. Abdel Fattah. Vulnerability and adaptation strategies for sunflower crop under climatic changes conditions in Egypt. Researcher 2017;9(6):45-54]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 8. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.08.

 

Keywords: sunflower, OILCROP-SUN, DSSAT, climate change and adaptation measures

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Review on gastric ulcer in horses

 

Teleko Girma 1, Tsehayneh Cheklie2

 

1.University of Gondar College of veterinary medicine and animal science, Department of public health and veterinary medicine, Gondar, Ethiopia p.o. Box: 196

2.University of Gondar College of veterinary medicine and animal science, Department of clinical veterinary medicine, Gondar, Ethiopia p.o. Box: 196

Email: telekgirma12@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome (EGUS) describes a unique set of conditions that are manifested as erosions and ulcerations in the distal esophagus, non glandular and glandular stomach, and proximal duodenum of horses. There is no established etiology of gastric ulcer in horses although association with risk factors such as stress/disease, treatment (iatrogenic factors), exercise, management and environmental factors, dietary factors and factors associated with withholding of feeds are indicated. The pathogenesis gastric ulcers are uncertain but exposure of squamouse mucosa to the acid is probably involved in the development of ulcers in most horses. Management has an important impact on the treatment of gastric ulcer in horses. Horses with gastric ulcers experience a spontaneous healing when removed from the training and kept at the pasture. Prevention of gastric ulcer disease in athletic horses centers up minimizing factors that promote ulcer development. Many studies have been done in different parts of the world in search of knowledge of equine gastric ulceration syndrome emphasis being given to the risk factors, pathogenesis, and clinical presentation of the case, diagnosis, treatment and control and prevention measures that can be applied in order to alleviate the problem.

[Teleko Girma, Tsehayneh Cheklie. Review on gastric ulcer in horses. Researcher 2017;9(6):55-62]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 9. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.09.

 

Keywords: gastric ulcer, horse, pathogenesis, risk factors, treatment

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Effect of Superabsorbent Polymer on Yield of Lettuce

 

H. Taheri1, A. Soltani Mohammadi2 and N. Alemzadeh Ansari3

 

1-M. Sc. Student of Irrigation and Drainage, Faculty of Water Sciences Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran. H.taheri15193@gmail.com

2-Assistant professor of Irrigation and Drainage, Faculty of Water Sciences Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran, A.soltani@scu.ac.ir

3- Associate professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran,

 

Abstract: To evaluate the effect of superabsorbent polymer on the Lettuce yield, experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design factorial with two treatments of irrigation regime at three levels (60, 80 and 100 percent of crop water requirement) and four superabsorbent hydrogel application (0, 4, 6 and 8 g per kg of soil) in three replication in the research field of Faculty of Water Sciences Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. The results showed that the use of superabsorbent and drought stress has a significant effect on yield and the highest performance (572.3 g) was obtained in non stress conditions (100 percent crop water requirement) and application of 6 g superabsorbent hydrogel per kilogram of soil. Using the above conditions for the production of more yields is recommended.

[H. Taheri, A. Soltani Mohammadi and N. Alemzadeh Ansari. Effect of Superabsorbent Polymer on Yield of Lettuce. Researcher 2017;9(6):63-66]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 10. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.10.

 

Keywords: Superabsorbent, Drought stress, Yield

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Isolation and Characterization Of Pathogenic Bacteria In Chickens Causing Morbidity and Mortality

 

1Estegent Tekeba, 1Getachew Dinede, 2Asmamaw Duressa and 2Meron Moges

 

1Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Epidemiology Directorate, P.O. Box: 1084, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

2Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Disease prevention and Control Directorate, P.O. Box: 1084, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Email: dinedegech@gmail.com

 

Abstract: A study was conducted between November 2009 and April 2010 in Hawassa town of Sidama zone of Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State (SNNP) to isolate and characterize pathogenic bacteria causing morbidity and mortality in chickens. Bacterial culturing and Gram staining were used for identification of bacteria. Further characterization was done using biochemical tests. A total of 50 chickens including 35 sick and 15 recently dead were used. A total of 250 samples were aseptically collected from lungs, spleens, intestine, livers and heart blood of the chickens. Ten genera of potentially pathogenic bacteria were isolated from 36% (18/50) chickens. The identified genera/species of bacteria were: Enterococcus, E. coli, motile Salmonella, S. aureus, Pseudomonas, Bacillus, Pasteurella, Yersinia, Edwardsiella and Enterobacter. Enterococcus was the most prevalent bacteria 14% (7/50) followed by E. coli with five isolates and Salmonella with three isolates. Pseudomonas, S. aureus and Bacillus were all isolated from two chickens each and Pasteurella, Yersinia, Edwardsiella and Enterobacter from one chicken each. Most isolates were recovered from lung (13), followed by heart blood (9) and liver (6). Mixed bacterial infections were detected in six chickens while single bacterial pathogens were isolated from twelve chickens. In conclusion, the study revealed that bacterial pathogens are highly involved in morbidity and mortality of chickens in the study area challenging the poultry industry calling for remedial interventions.

[ Estegent Tekeba, Getachew Dinede, Asmamaw Duressa and Meron Moges. Isolation and Characterization Of Pathogenic Bacteria In Chickens Causing Morbidity and Mortality. Researcher 2017;9(6):67-72]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 11. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.11.

 

Key words: Bacterial pathogens, Chicken, Hawassa, Mortality, Morbidity

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The Impact of Gender on the Outcomes of Invasive Versus Conservative Management of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome

 

Saied A. Eldaraky; Tarek H. Abo Elazm; Saeed F. Tawfeek and Mohamed T. M. Elghobary

 

Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Egypt

mayadamowafy@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) refers to any group of symptoms attributed to obstruction of the coronary arteries. It usually occurs as a result of one of three problems: ST elevation myocardial infarction (30%), non ST elevation myocardial infarction (25%), or unstable angina (38%). These types are named according to the appearance of the electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) as non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). ACS should be distinguished from stable angina, which develops during exertion and resolves at rest. In contrast with stable angina, unstable angina occurs suddenly, often at rest or with minimal exertion, or at lesser degrees of exertion than the individual's previous angina. ACS represents a life-threatening manifestation of atherosclerosis. The key pathophysiological concepts such as vulnerable plaque, coronary thrombosis, vulnerable patient, endothelial dysfunction, accelerated atherothrombosis, secondary mechanisms of NSTE-ACS, and myocardial injury have to be understood for the correct use of the available therapeutic strategies. The lesions predicting ACS are usually angiographically mild, characterized by a thin-cap fibroatheroma, by a large plaque burden, or by a small luminal area, or some combination of these characteristics. Objectives: In our registry, we aimed at assessment of the impact of gender on clinical outcomes and comparison between results of patients managed by invasive strategy and other patients managed by conservative management in 503 patients presented with acute coronary syndrome to National Heart Institute.. Patients and methods: All patients were subjected to detailed medical history with special emphasis on risk factors, general examination, detailed cardiac examination, full laboratory investigations (including cardiac markers, complete lipid profile, hemoglobin concentration, random blood sugar and serum creaitnine) and electrocardiography. Results: Regarding age distribution, our study showed that the mean age was 57.2 10.4 years. Hypertension is the most common risk factor encountered. Regarding treatment, our study showed that In UA/NSTEMI group, 81 males and 15 females had an intervention, while 174 males and 32 females had no intervention. In STEMI group, 107 males and 56 females had an intervention, while 25 males and 14 females had no intervention. Regarding comparison between STEMI group and UA/NSTEMI group as regard complications, our study showed that regarding thirty day complications in UA/NSTEMI group, no complications had occurred, while in STEMI group, only 2 males (0.4%) had re-infarction and 2 males (0.4%) had re-intervention and regarding six-month complications in UA/NSTEMI group, no complications had occurred, while in STEMI group, only one male (0.2%) had re-infarction, one male (0.2%) had re-intervention, 2 males (0.4%) had stroke and 3 males (0.6%) were died. Regarding comparison between male and female as regard complications, our study showed statistically significant difference male and female as regard complications, using chi-square test with p-value <0.05 as no complications occured in 81 male patients (28.9%) vs 252 female patients. Left ventricular dysfunction occurred in 55 male patients (19.6%) vs 22 female patients (22%). Pulmonary edema occurred in 12 male patients (4.3%) vs 3 female patients (1%). Atrial fibrillation occurred in 20 male patients (7.1%) vs 4 female patients, ventricular tachy cardia occurred in 10 male patients (3.6%) and 2 female patients (.7%), ventricular fibrillation occurred in 8 male patients (2.9%) and did not occur in females, while complete heart block occurred in 18 male patients (6.4%) and 2 female patients (.7%). Reinfaction occurred in 3 male patients (1.1%) and 2 female patients (.7%), right ventricular infarction occurred in 9 male patients (3.2%) and 1 female patient (.3%), posterior infarction occurred in 2 male patients (.7%) and 1 female patient (.3%). Overall mortality rate was 0.6%. Mortality was higher in those who have ST elevation as compared to those with other ECG changes. Conclusion: Overall mortality rate was 0.6%. Mortality was higher in those who have ST elevation as compared to those with other ECG changes (0.6 % vs 0%). Mortality was also higher in males compared to females.

[Saied A. Eldaraky; Tarek H. Abo Elazm; Saeed F. Tawfeek and Mohamed T. M. Elghobary. The Impact of Gender on the Outcomes of Invasive Versus Conservative Management of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome. Researcher 2017;9(6):73-87]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 12. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.12.

 

Key Words: acute coronary syndrome, gender, myocardial infarction

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Evaluation Vital Indexes of Cash Accounting and Accrual Accounting for Preparation Financial Information

 

Vali Reza Ordouei1, Alireza Payabnama2 (Corresponding author)

 

1. MSc of Master of Accounting, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

2. MSc of Master of Accounting, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Guilan, Iran

alirezapayabnama@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This study aims to evaluation vital indexes of cash accounting and accrual accounting for preparation financial information. For data analysis were used econometric models from the literature, based on the multiple regression analysis and adapted to the research objectives. To obtain the research results, in the study were analyzed specific financial information, collected for a sample of listed companies, between 2014 and 2016. At the level of the study, there was estimated and tested the influence of the information attained based on the use of cash accounting (quantified through the cash flow from operations, cash flow from investing and cash flow from financing) and based on the use of accrual accounting (quantified through the variation of the operating and net income) on the capital gains yield of listed companies. Research results show a growth of the value relevance of the information obtained based on the use of accrual accounting compared to the ones obtained as a result of cash accounting use, in the listed companies.

[Vali Reza Ordouei, Alireza Payabnama. Evaluation Vital Indexes of Cash Accounting and Accrual Accounting for Preparation Financial Information. Researcher 2017;9(6):88-93]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 13. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.13.

 

Keywords: Cash Accounting, Accrual Accounting, Preparation Financial Information

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Updates in Management of Vertebral Compression Fractures by Percutaneous Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty

 

Mohamed H. Abou Shahba; Mostafa A. Rabie; Mohamed S. Ali and Mahmoud E. Eladl

 

Neurosurgery Department, Damietta Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Egypt

Mahmoudel3dl1@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: Percutaneous vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are an emerging interventional technique in which surgical Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is injected via a large bore needle into a vertebral body under imaging guidance. This techniques provides increased strength and pain relief for patients with vertebral compression fractures. Objective: To evaluate the technique & the early results of percutaneous vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty in the management of vertebral osteoporotic and traumatic vertebral compression fractures. Materials and methods: The technique was used between January 2015 till March 2017 in 20 patients (14 females and 6 males) patients with 24 painful vertebral fractures. The etiology was osteoporotic vertebral collapse in 16 cases, 4 cases with traumatic vertebral collapse. Age ranges from 36 to 83 years (average 59.5 years). The vertebrae augmented with PMMA were between D6 and L3. 8 (33.3%) were dorsal and 16 were lumbar (66.6%). On a 10-point scale, in osteoporotic patients, the mean visual analogue scale preoperative was 7.66, decreasing to 1.51. In traumatic group of patients, the mean visual analogue scale preoperative was 8, decreasing to 2.7 after the procedure. Two patients experienced symptomatic complications (none major or life threatening). Conclusion: Percutaneous vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty are effective methods in the management of vertebral osteoporotic and traumatic vertebral compression fractures.

[Mohamed H. Abou Shahba; Mostafa A. Rabie; Mohamed S. Ali and Mahmoud E. Eladl. Updates in Management of Vertebral Compression Fractures by Percutaneous Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. Researcher 2017;9(6):94-102]. ISSN 1553-9865 (print); ISSN 2163-8950 (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher. 14. doi:10.7537/marsrsj090617.14.

 

Keywords: Vertebroplasty, Kyphoplasty, vertebral compression fractures

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review starting from May 25, 2017. 

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