[an error occurred while processing this directive]

 

 

Science Journal

 

Academia Arena

 学术争鸣

Volume 2 - Number 12 (Cumulated No. 18), December 1, 2010, ISSN 1553-992X

Cover Page (online), Cover (print), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, All papers in one file

Welcome to send your manuscript(s) to: editor@sciencepub.net.

CONTENTS

No.

Titles / Authors

Text

No.

1

广义相对论方程的根本缺陷是没有热力学效应,既无热力以对抗引力

1957年毕业于北京航空学院,即现在的北京航天航空大学

Graduated in 1957 From Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics. China.

Email: zhangds12@hotmali.com

 

【内容摘要】:现在爱因斯坦的广义相对论方程几乎与所有当代的物理学的新观念联系在一起。比如,宇宙起源,奇点,黑洞,零点能,真空能,N维空间等等。然而,已经观测到的物理真实往往证实这些与广义相对论方程相结合的新观念的虚幻性和谬误。其中最明显而困惑科学家们数十年的“奇点”问题就是其中之一。宇宙中根本没有具有无穷大密度“奇点”存在的任何迹象。再如,按照J. Wheeler等估算出真空的能量密度可高达1095g/cm3 [9] 这些都是不可思议的。在本文中,作者改采用霍金的黑洞量子辐射理论和公式,只研究黑洞在其视界半径上的收缩和膨胀,而不研究黑洞的内部状态。结果,黑洞只能收缩成为普朗克粒子mp,而在普朗克领域消失,不可能最后收缩成为奇点。作者并由此证实许多新观点和结论比现代故弄玄虚的科学新观念显得更为可信可靠。

[张洞生. 广义相对论方程的根本缺陷是没有热力学效应,既无热力以对抗引力. Academia Arena 2010;2(12):1-5]. (ISSN 1553-992X).

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.01

 

【关键词】:广义相对论,黑洞;奇点;宇宙黑洞;黑洞的霍金辐射;宇宙起源;字宙监督原理;普朗克领域;零点能;真空能;宇宙常数;N维空间;宇宙加速膨胀;多宇宙

Full Text

1

2

21世纪新以太论

 

笪科伯

y-tx@163.com

 

摘要:孤子演示链和卡西米尔效应结合,揭示出库柏对到铜氧系、铁氧系高温超导体的理论大统一;孤子演示链就是超导演示链,时空演示链,以太演示链。从盘古到如今,中国社会近一万年漫长而辉煌的历史,也许将可见数理化生大统一的21世纪新以太论曙光。

[笪科伯. 21世纪新以太论. Academia Arena 2010;2(12):6-32]. (ISSN 1553-992X).

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.02

 

关键词:以太论,量子色动力学 孤子演示链 超导

Full Text

2

3

21世纪新以太论》

 

苟华建

 

cczgh202@126.com, survival99@gmail.com, chinasnw@chinasnw.com, tohuchangwei5@yahoo.com.cn

 

Abstract: 2010925日至27日,苟华建先生从成都来到绵阳拜访笔者。苟华建先生说他是中铁的工程技术专家,从事基础科学技术研究。他是一些重要科研课题的带头人,涉及多学科和高技术的整合。这是他的第三次来访,他身上有古道热肠对终极真理的执着探究精神。

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.03

 

[苟华建. 21世纪新以太论》. Academia Arena 2010;2(12):33-38]. (ISSN 1553-992X).

Full Text

3

4

泛论“中庸之道”

 

1957年毕业于北京航科学院,即现在的北京航空航天大学

Email: zhangds12@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: “中庸之道作为一种哲学思想,一种道德观,伦理观和立身处世,治国安邦之道,首先被中国先秦时代的孔子提出。中庸作为中国认识史上的一个古老的概念,不仅是孔子哲学思想的重要范畴,也是中华儒家传统文化的精华之一。中庸之道作为一种哲学思想,一种道德观,伦理观和立身处世,治国安邦之道,首先被中国先秦时代的孔子提出。孔子中庸思想与亚里士多德中庸观作为为人处事处世之道,在中西伦理思想上占有重要的地位。

[张洞生. 泛论“中庸之道”. Academia Arena 2010;2(12):39-]. (ISSN 1553-992X).

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.04

 

【关键词】。中庸之道;孔子;老子;亚里士多德;小人之道;一分为二观点

Full Text

4

5

量子色荷云流传奇

孝文

摘要:量子色动力学是称为夸克和胶子的学问。本文偏重外源性量子色动力学及其量子色荷云流。

[孝文. 量子色荷云流传奇. Academia Arena 2010;2(12):58-71]. (ISSN 1553-992X).

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.05

 

关键词:海夸克 量子色荷云 量子色动能

Full Text

5

6

对宇宙起源的新观念和完整论证:宇宙不可能诞生于奇点(下篇)

==== 我们宇宙诞生于在普郎克领域Planck Era新生成的大量原初最小黑洞Mbm

mp = (hC/8πG)1/2 1.09 10-5g 的合并,而不是“奇点”或“奇点的大爆炸”====

 

Dongsheng Zhang 张洞生

Nov.-2005 Graduated in 1957 From Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics. China.

1957年毕业与北京航空学院,即现在的北京航空航天大学

Email: gds12@ hotmail.com,ZhangDS12@hotmail.com

 

【内容摘要】: 本文根据近代宇宙天文学和物理学的一些基本规律和公式,通过计算所得的数据,证明了我们现在膨胀的宇宙不可能诞生于奇点奇点的大爆炸。按照时间对称原理,假设我们宇宙是从前辈宇宙大塌缩而来,其最后的塌缩规律与我们宇宙诞生时的膨胀规律相同,那么,本文中新推导出前辈宇宙的大塌缩公式. (3c)式就是来的最重要的公式,一旦前辈宇宙大塌陷到(3c), t ≤ [k1 (2Gκ)/C5]2/3 t = - 0.5563 10-43s秒和宇宙最高温度T = 0.7341032k时,前辈宇宙中的每个能量-物质粒子m同时进入3种状态:1。每个粒子m都与其相邻的粒子因无足够时间转递引力而失去了引力联系以至于无法继续塌缩。2。每个粒子m都变成为Mbm≈10-5g的史瓦西最小黑洞3。同时进入普郎克领域而成为普郎克粒子mp, 于是,m = Mbm = mp= 1.0910-5g.正是宇宙包内每个粒子m 的这3种状态的共同作用,导致所有的m在封闭的宇宙包内停止收缩而爆炸解体,并与整个前辈宇宙同步消失在普朗克领域,从而共同阻止了前辈宇宙在普朗克领域继续塌缩成为奇点。同时,前辈宇宙的爆炸解体造成宇宙包内的温度和密度的下降,从而使宇宙中新生出来稍大而稳定的无数最小黑洞 2Mbm。它们就成为我们现在新宇宙的胚胎,它们的合并就是我们宇宙的诞生,同时造成了我们新生宇宙诞生后在 to< 210---37前的原始暴涨,并形成许多更大的小黑洞将宇宙连接成一个整体。这些小黑洞的继续合并膨胀就形成了我们现在膨胀的宇宙。本文还完全证实了我们现在宇宙是一个真实的宇宙大黑洞(UBH)这样,宇宙诞生和演化中的各种难题就简化成为一般黑洞的生长衰亡规律。本文还论述了从前辈宇宙的大塌缩到我们新生宇宙大膨胀的转变过程。还首次提出了产生宇宙的原初暴涨新的机理,并做出了新的解释、论证和计算。本文中唯一的最简单的假设就是按照时间反演和对称规律,推断我们宇宙的诞生来源于前辈宇宙的最后大塌缩。这种假设也是最简单而符合奥康姆剃刀(Ockhams razor)原则的不像奇点那样不可理解,无法计算出与现今宇宙参数之间的任何有规律关系。本文所有的结论和计算结果都符合因果律:凡是有开端的事实都有原因。也完全符合现有的经典理论的基本公式的计算数据和近代天文物理的观测数据和结论。 (< >参考文献编号).

[Dongsheng Zhang. 对宇宙起源的新观念和完整论证: 宇宙不可能诞生于奇点. Academia Arena 2010;2(12):72-818]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.06

 

【关键词】:宇宙不是产生于奇点或者奇点的大爆炸;宇宙诞生于(Mbm ≈10-5g)史瓦西最小黑洞;宇宙的原初暴涨Original Inflation)产生于大量最小黑洞的合并;宇宙与黑洞的同一性;我们宇宙本身就是一个宇宙大黑洞;哈勃定律就是宇宙黑洞的膨胀规律

Full Text

6

7

Bacteriology Of Orofacial Infections In Gombe, Nigeria

 

Osazuwa F*Adewolu Olusanya Adebayo^ Alli OAT# Osazuwa EO$

*Department of medical microbiology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria.

^Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, Federal medical Centre, Gombe, Nigeria

# Department of biomedical sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of technology, Ogbomosho, Nigeria.

$ Department of Pharmaceutical microbiology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria

Corresponding author: Osazuwa F: E mail: osazuwafavour@yahoo.com

 

ABSTRACT: This study was aimed at determining the pattern of microorganisms seen in Orofacial infections as well as investigating the antibiotic sensitivity pattern of the isolates. Specimens were obtained ascetically from 36 patients presenting with Orofacial infections at the dental Clinic, federal Medical centre, Gombe, Nigeria. The specimen was transported in an aerobically pre-reduced transport medium for processing in the laboratory. Isolation and identification were done employing standard bacteriological techniques. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by the disk diffusion method. All the 36 clinical samples obtained yielded growth of bacteria. Anaerobes were cultured from 34 (94.4%) specimens while 2 specimens yielded only Streptococcus spp. Majority of the anaerobes were susceptible to commonly available antibiotics. Ciprofloxacin and cloxacillin demonstrated strongest invitro activity against all isolates. The study revealed again the polymicrobial nature of Orofacial infections as well as the predominance of anaerobes in the aetiology of these infections.

[Osazuwa F Adewolu Olusanya Adebayo^ Alli OAT# Osazuwa EO$. Bacteriology Of Orofacial Infections In Gombe, Nigeria. Academia Arena 2010;2(12):82-84]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.07

Key words: Bacteriology, Orofacial infections Antibiotic sensitivity testing anaerobic organisms

Full Text

7

8

饶毅和吴忠超与达尔文和霍金

 

囵岛 摘编

Recommended by 王德奎 y-tx@163.com

 

Abstract: 所谓Occam剃刀,是以最简单的理论解释实验的结果和观察到的现象。如果简单理论可以,就不用复杂理论来解释。如果用复杂理论来解释,那么复杂加复杂可以叠很多层,就很难讨论和验证。

[囵岛. 饶毅和吴忠超与达尔文和霍金. Academia Arena 2010;2(12):85-90]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.08

 

Keywords: 饶毅; 吴忠超; 达尔文; 霍金

Full Text

8

9

Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity Studies on Callus of Fagonia arabica L.

 

Eman, A. Alam*; Gehan, H. Amin**; Yassin, M . ElAyouty** and Mohamed, S. Abdel-Hady*

*,Botany Department, National Research Centre, Dokki,Giza, Egypt.

**, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Egypt.

Corresponding author:eman200980@hotmail.com

Abstract: Fagonia spp. are wild medicinal plants which contain many bioactive constituents used for the treatment of many dangerous diseases, however this fact there were few studies regarding in vitro production of these bioactive substances, so we will try to use organ culture technique for this purpose. Callus cultures obtained from leaf, hypocotyle and terminal bud explants of Fagonia spp. (Fagonia arabcia, Fagonia indica and Fagonia bruguieri) were studied. This study revealed that leaf of F. arabica was the most suitable explant to induce calli especially on MS medium supplemented with 5mg/l kinetin + 1 mg/l NAA, this medium gave the highest percentage of calli induction, while the highest amount of calli was obtained using 5mg/l kinetin + 1 mg/l 2,4-D after six weeks, while MS medium supplemented with 6 mg/l kinetin+ 2 mg/l NAA represented the maintenance medium for giving large amount of yellow healthy calli after four weeks. The best sucrose concentration for obtaining the highest amount of both callus fresh and dry weights is 40 g/l. Maximum growth rates of this callus on both solid and liquid media was recorded after 20 and 10 days respectively. Preliminary phytochemical screening on this callus revealed the presence of carbohydrates and / or glycosides, saponins, sterols and/or triterpenoids, alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, cyanogenic glycosides, flavonoids, coumarins, irodoids, chlorides and sulphates, but this callus devoid of tannins and anthraquinones. Studying the chemical composition of this callus showed that it contains; raffinose, fructose, ribose and sucrose, the most dominant type of carbohydrates is fructose (7.77mg/g fresh weight).Callus contains also amino acids; aspartic acid, glutamic acid, serine, glycine, histidine, argenine, threonine, valine, isoleucine, leucine and phenylalanine, the most dominant type of amino acids is phenylalanine (25 mg/g fresh weight). Total phenols, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins and oils present in fresh callus were 1.95, 113.40, 0.78, 10 mg/g and 0.68 % respectively. Six fatty acids were isolated and identified; myristic, palmitic, stearic, oleic, lenoleic and lenoleinic acids, the most dominant type of these fatty acids is oleic acid (45.7%). Comparative study through the antibacterial activity was carried out between callus and the intact leaf showed that, the antibacterial effect of this callus superior that of the intact leaf.

[Eman, A. Alam; Gehan, H. Amin; Yassin, M. ElAyouty and Mohamed, S. Abdel-Hady. Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity Studies on Callus of Fagonia arabica L. Academia Arena 2010;2(12):91-106]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.09

Key words: Fagonia arabica, Fagonia indica, Fagonia bruguieri, callus, chemical composition, antibacterial activity

Full Text

9

The articles in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review starting from October 31, 2010. 
All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net

For back issues of the Academia Arena, click here.

Emails: editor@sciencepub.net; sciencepub@gmail.com
Website: http://www.sciencepub.net/academia

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.01

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.02

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.03

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.04

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.05

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.06

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.07

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.08

doi:10.7537/marsaaj021210.09

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

 

 

 

| Terms of Service | Privacy Policy |

2010. Marsland Press