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Science Journal

 

Report and Opinion

 

Volume 3 - Issue 8, Cumulated 26, August 25, 2011, ISSN 1553-9873

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, All papers in one file

 

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CONTENTS

 No.

Titles / Authors

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1

The Possible Meaning of Fine Structure Constant 1/α = hC/(2pe2) = 137.036

 

Dongsheng Zhang 

 

Email: zhangds12@hotmail.com

 

AbstractThrough making the analogous comparisons of Dirac’s large number 1/Ln to the fine structure constant 1/α, and of gravitational force Fg to Fb, the better reasonable conclusion might be that, 1/α could be 137.036 times or proportion of the strong force Fn to the electromagnetic force Fe in the atomic nucleus.

[Dongsheng Zhang. The Possible Meaning of The Fine Structure Constant 1/α = hC/(2pe2) = 137.036 Reportand Opinion 2011;3(8):1-2]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net.

doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.01

 

Key Words: Dirac’s large number 1/Ln; fine structure constant 1/α; gravitational force Fg; electromagnetic force Fe; strong force Fn in the atomic nucleus; analogous comparisons

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2

Investigation of Value Management Effects on Projects Briefing Process in National Iranian Gas Transmission Company “NIGTC”

 

Majid Ahmadpour

 

Department of art and Architecture, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

Majid_ahmadpour1390@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The present study is aimed at determining and explaining Value Management (VM) role on Project Management (PM) (Projects Briefing Process) in National Iran Gas Transmission Company “NIGTC” includes investigating effects of 13 VM independent variables on PM dependent variable. In this research, populations were all of projects managers of central office include 15 persons, data were collected through structured interviews and complete of questionnaire with reliability coefficient of 0.98. Findings showed that despite of having theoretical background pertaining to affecting all of the 13 VM independent variables on PM dependent variable, multiple regression analyses indicated that 8 item of 13 VM variables have had effects on PM includes Risk Management (1.46), Project Brief (1.42), Stakeholder Management (-0.87), Change Management (-0.85), Post Project Evaluation (-0.76), Client Representation (-0.63), knowledge management (4.298), Critical Success Factors (0.59), and Knowledge Management (0.35), respectively. While Decision Making, Communications, Type of Business, Teams Dynamics, and Culture had not affects on PM. Finally, based on these results, some suggestions were given on how the managers and authorities of NIGTC can improve projects briefing process by attending to these 8 VM variables.

Report and Opinion 2011;3(8):3-9]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net.

doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.02

 

Key words: Value Management, Project Management, Projects Briefing Process- NIGTC

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3

A PEEP INTO INVENTORY CONTROL

 

Mayank Pawar 1, S.Rajan 2, Ridhi 3

 

1 Dept. of Mathemtics, Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad

2 Dept. of Mathemtics, Hindu college, Moradabad

3 Dept. of Mathemtics, MIT, Moradabad

 

Abstract: - In this paper we have given a brief introduction of Inventory control. We have discussed some points as what the inventory control is and how many types of inventory control are there. We shall attract the attention of the readers on the point why we should use it and on which systems inventory control depends and with that we have focused on inventory control records, which are essential to make buy and sell decision.

[Mayank Pawar, S. Rajan, Ridhi. A Peep into Inventory Control. Report and Opinion 2011;3(8):10-16]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net.

doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.03

 

Keywords: - operations Management, supply chain inventory control, line management

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4

THE CONCENTRATION OF HEAVY METALS IN SELECTED CLAY SAMPLES IN EKITI STATE, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA.

 

1Adegoke J.A , 2 Oseni S.O, 2Adegbola R.B.

 

1Department of Physics, University of Ibadan. Ibadan

2Department of Physics, Lagos State University, Ojo. Lagos

husseinsaheed@yahoo.co.uk, adegokeja@yahoo.com.

 

ABSTRACT: The presence and possible effect of heavy metal (such as cadmium, zinc, lead, e.t.c) concentration in the clay used in pot making were investigated. Clay samples were collected at three locations where they are used mostly in making pots and other kitchen utensils. The concentrations of heavy metals were determined using the Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS). Results indicate that the concentration Cu, Zn, Cr, Pb, As, and Mn falls within the range of the maximum admissible concentration of heavy metals of several countries mostly in Europe. However, the concentration Cadmium and Nickel are relatively higher than the maximum admissible concentration of toxic metals in soil for countries like Denmark and Sweden.

[Adegoke J.A., Oseni S.O, Adegbola R.B. THE CONCENTRATION OF HEAVY METALS IN SELECTED CLAY SAMPLES IN EKITI STATE, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA. Report and Opinion 2011;3(8):17-25]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net.

doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.04

 

Keywords: Heavy metals, Clays, AAS and Concentration.

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5

Principles of Iranian Naval Defense Pattern

 

Mahmoud Moghaddass

 

Department of Political Science, Islamic Azad University, Science & Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

saintmahmoud@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Given to the impacts of the Iran-Iraq war and strategic importance and geographical situation of Hormoz strait, Islamic Republic of Iran Navy has adopted asymmetric pattern of defense. In accordance, Iranian Naval force has deployed this policy with defensive aims and deterrent purpose against the enemy, through taking advantage of geographical situation and strategic importance of the region as well as focusing on Shiite-inspired concepts like martyrdom. This pattern concentrates on using the advanced technologies and modern weaponry in situation unexpected for the enemy. In other word, in this defense pattern, speed, ambiguity, spread and dispersion by the usage of armed speedboats, extensive mining and missile attacks from submarines and sites situated in the Persian Gulf shores and islands beside the combined and simultaneous air attack are considered key factors. Given to these issues, the article aims to evaluate principles of Iran’s naval defense pattern.

[Mahmoud Moghaddass. Principles of Iranian Naval Defense Pattern. Report and Opinion 2011;3(8):16-21]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net.

doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.05

 

Keywords: asymmetric defense, martyrdom, naval force, passive defense, decentralization.

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6

Relationship between Iran and Europe Union on Context of Energy

 

Davod Kiany

 

 National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, department of sociology and law

davod_kiany2000@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This article is to explain the relationship between Iran and Europe union on context of energy in after Islamic revolution in Iran (1979). In the article, we tend to explain the changes that caused by the different presidents in relationship of Iran with Europe since Islamic revolution. The article is written in three main parts. In the first part, we are explained to issues like over Overview of Iran, Factor of U.S.A – Islamic Republic of Iran – oil, common interests and differences between Iran and Europe countries. In second part, we will explain the pragmatism viewpoint and policy of Hashemi Rafsanjani rather the Europe union. His foreign policy was based on restructuring and renovation of the oil industry and attracting investment, taking loans from the foreign countries and establishing the relations with Europe union. The important contracts have been established with Europe in context of oil and gas in different field of energy. In third part, we will investigate the presidency of Khatami which called the reformist government after the revolution of Iran, this period was one of the most significant for Iran because Iranian opened the door and relation with world especially with European countries, and this period was short time in foreign policy of Iran. There were so many differences between Iran and Europe which going to resolves by Khatami.

[Davod Kiany. Relationship between Iran and Europe Union on Context of Energy. Report and Opinion 2011;3(8):22-30]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net.

doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.06

 

Key world: foreign policy, energy, foreign relation.

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7

Securities of online transaction in E-governance

 

Mini Agarwal1 and Rajeev Kumar2

 

1Assistant Professor in Computer Science Department, College of Engineering

2Assistant Professor in College of management and computer application, Teerthankar Mahaveer University, Moradabad (U.P.).

E-Mail: miniagarwal21@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Today all persons are using online transaction. Online transaction helps the persons to transit the data from one place to other place. Online transaction is a safe transaction. Through online account we use the service of online transaction. Online transaction reduces the paper work. E-governance allows the person to facilitate the service of online transaction. Now day’s online transaction is widely used in e-governance for submitting the bill or buying and selling the things. In this paper we discuss about the account securities when we paid the e-governance for bill or buying and selling the things then how our account is safe or how we say that this transaction is a best or safe transaction medium between the e-governance and citizens. In this paper we discuss the some securities like history deletion, self account logout; no one can change the amount without the permission of administrator, self receipt generation , message generation when login and logout the account. Give the transaction report through the email, message or receipt.

[Mini Agarwal, Rajeev Kumar. Securities of online transaction in E-governance. Report and Opinion 2011;3(8):31-34]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).

doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.07

 

Keywords: transaction, message, receipt, buying, selling, bill.

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8

Capacity Utilization of University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

 

Babale Garba Nafada[i], MM Baba[ii], Hyelcinta C.J1, Abdulrahman Tahir1, Bashir Tahir1, Muhammad Talle2, Obi S.O1

 

1- University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri-Nigeria

2- WHO National Polio Laboratory, Maiduguri-Nigeria

Muhammadt6@gmail.com

 

Abstract:Full utilization of available resources is vital to the development of any country especially those that are striving to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This study was carried out to determine the level of the community’s patronage and utilization of a Nigeria’s tertiary health institution with particular reference to University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Borno state . Ten years (2000 and 2009) data were collected retrospectively from medical records departments of the hospital. Medical clinic had the highest outpatients attendance of 35568 , followed by GOPD clinic with 21406 and Obstetrics and Gynecology (O/G) with 21,301 compared to pediatrics clinic with 17,190 and Surgical clinic with 4205. The medical clinic had the highest average daily clinic attendance of 185 patients, followed by O/G with 151. The least was pediatrics clinic with 32 patients. Within the period under study, highest admission steadily increased from 2000, peaked in 2003 and drops gradually from 2004-2006. There was a sharp drop in the number of admissions in 2007 (from 11988 to 1169) there after it increased in 2008 and 2009.However, the number of deaths steadily increased from 2000 (438) to 2004 () and peaked in 2007 (1087) before it declined in 2009 (775). 75% of the hospital beds were occupied in 2009 with the average length of stay of 17 days. The turnover interval (number of replacement per bed) was highest (13 days) in 2000 and 2007 but lowest in 2003 (3days). The throughput (number of patient that pass through the bed) was highest in 2003 (29 days) but lowest in 2000 (17days). UMTH appears to be over utilized by the community. Proper utilization of both the primary and secondary health care delivery Institutions in Borno State will reduce the pressure on the tertiary facility. In UMTH there is need for improvement for adequate patronage of the medical, O&G and paediatric clinics.

 [Babale Garba Nafada[iii], MM Baba[iv], Hyelcinta C.J, Abdulrahman Tahir, Bashir Tahir, Muhammad Talle, Obi S.O.Capacity Utilization of University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Report and Opinion 2011;3(8):35-38]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net.

doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.08

 

Key words; University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Capacity utilization, patients, services, clinics.

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9

Correlation between Serum-Ascites Albumin Gradient and Esophageal Varices in Patients with Portal Hypertension

 

Enas Allam1; Dalia Ghoraba1; Sara Abdelhakam1 and Wesam A. Ibrahim2

 

1Tropical Medicine Department, 2Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Correspondence to: Sara Abdelhakam, MD, lecturer of Tropical Medicine, Department of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. saratropical@yahoo.com. Telephone: (+2) 0101601548

 

Abstract: Portal hypertension is responsible for complications of cirrhosis such as bleeding esophageal varices (EV) and ascites. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) and presence of EV and their grades in patients with portal hypertension. Patients and Methods: Thirty three chronic liver disease patients with ascites were studied. They were subjected to clinico-laboratory assessment, ascitic fluid analysis, calculation of SAAG, abdominal ultrasonography and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Results: The results showed that a cutoff ">1.4" for SAAG to predict the presence of varices with a specificity and a positive predictive value of 100%, the accuracy of this cutoff was 56.1%. However, it had a low sensitivity and a low negative predictive value. A cutoff ">1.2" for SAAG to discriminate between large and small varices yielded a specificity of 69.2% and a positive predictive value of 66.7%, the accuracy of this cutoff was 60%. However, it had a relatively low sensitivity and low negative predictive value. Conclusions: A cutoff ">1.4" for SAAG to predict the presence of varices yielded a specificity and a positive predictive value of 100%, the accuracy of this cutoff was 56.1%.

[Enas Allam; Dalia Ghoraba; Sara Abdelhakam and Wesam A. Ibrahim. Correlation between Serum-Ascites Albumin Gradient and Esophageal Varices in Patients with Portal Hypertension. Report and Opinion 2011;3(8):39-49]. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net.

doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.09

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The manuscripts in this issue were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from July 20, 2011. 
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doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.01

doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.02

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doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.05

doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.06

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doi:10.7537/marsroj030811.08

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