Report and Opinion
3 - Issue 8, Cumulated 26, August 25, 2011, ISSN 1553-9873
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Titles / Authors
The Possible Meaning of Fine Structure
Constant 1/α = hC/(2pe2)
making the analogous comparisons of Dirac’s large number 1/Ln
to the fine structure constant 1/α,
and of gravitational force Fg to Fb, the
better reasonable conclusion might be that, 1/α
137.036 times or proportion of the strong force
the electromagnetic force Fe in the atomic nucleus.
[Dongsheng Zhang. The Possible Meaning of
The Fine Structure Constant 1/α = hC/(2pe2) = 137.036。 Reportand Opinion 2011;3(8):1-2]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).
Dirac’s large number 1/Ln; fine structure constant 1/α;
gravitational force Fg; electromagnetic force Fe;
Fn in the atomic nucleus; analogous comparisons
Investigation of Value
Management Effects on Projects Briefing Process in National
Iranian Gas Transmission Company “NIGTC”
Department of art and
Architecture, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar,
The present study is aimed at
determining and explaining Value Management (VM) role on Project
Management (PM) (Projects Briefing Process) in National Iran Gas
Transmission Company “NIGTC” includes investigating effects of
13 VM independent variables on PM dependent variable. In this
research, populations were all of projects managers of central
office include 15 persons, data were collected through
structured interviews and complete of questionnaire with
reliability coefficient of 0.98. Findings showed that despite of
having theoretical background pertaining to affecting all of the
13 VM independent variables on PM dependent variable, multiple
regression analyses indicated that 8 item of 13 VM variables
have had effects on PM includes Risk Management (1.46), Project
Brief (1.42), Stakeholder Management (-0.87), Change Management
(-0.85), Post Project Evaluation (-0.76), Client Representation
(-0.63), knowledge management (4.298), Critical Success Factors
(0.59), and Knowledge Management (0.35), respectively. While
Decision Making, Communications, Type of Business, Teams
Dynamics, and Culture had not affects on PM. Finally, based on
these results, some suggestions were given on how the managers
and authorities of NIGTC can improve projects briefing process
by attending to these 8 VM variables.
Report and Opinion
2011;3(8):3-9]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).
Value Management, Project Management, Projects Briefing Process-
INTO INVENTORY CONTROL
Pawar 1, S.Rajan 2, Ridhi 3
Dept. of Mathemtics,
Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad
Dept. of Mathemtics,
Hindu college, Moradabad
Dept. of Mathemtics,
In this paper we have given a
brief introduction of Inventory control. We have discussed some
points as what the inventory control is and how many types of
inventory control are there. We shall attract the attention of
the readers on the point why we should use it and on which
systems inventory control depends and with that we have focused
on inventory control records, which are essential to make buy
and sell decision.
[Mayank Pawar, S. Rajan, Ridhi.
A Peep into Inventory Control.
Report and Opinion
2011;3(8):10-16]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).
Keywords: - operations Management, supply chain inventory
THE CONCENTRATION OF HEAVY METALS IN SELECTED CLAY SAMPLES IN
J.A , 2 Oseni S.O, 2Adegbola R.B.
of Physics, University of Ibadan. Ibadan
Lagos State University, Ojo.
The presence and possible effect of heavy metal (such as
cadmium, zinc, lead, e.t.c) concentration in the clay used in
pot making were investigated. Clay samples were collected at
three locations where they are used mostly in making pots and
other kitchen utensils. The concentrations of heavy metals were
determined using the Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS).
Results indicate that the concentration Cu, Zn, Cr, Pb, As, and
Mn falls within the range of the maximum admissible
concentration of heavy metals of several countries mostly in
Europe. However, the concentration Cadmium and Nickel are
relatively higher than the maximum admissible concentration of
toxic metals in soil for countries like Denmark and Sweden.
[Adegoke J.A., Oseni S.O,
Adegbola R.B. THE CONCENTRATION OF HEAVY METALS IN SELECTED CLAY
SAMPLES IN EKITI STATE, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA. Report and Opinion
2011;3(8):17-25]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).
Heavy metals, Clays, AAS and Concentration.
Iranian Naval Defense Pattern
Department of Political Science, Islamic Azad University,
Science & Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
Given to the
impacts of the Iran-Iraq war and strategic importance and
geographical situation of Hormoz strait, Islamic Republic of
Iran Navy has adopted asymmetric pattern of defense. In
accordance, Iranian Naval force has deployed this policy with
defensive aims and deterrent purpose against the enemy, through
taking advantage of geographical situation and strategic
importance of the region as well as focusing on Shiite-inspired
concepts like martyrdom. This pattern concentrates on using the
advanced technologies and modern weaponry in situation
unexpected for the enemy. In other word, in this defense
pattern, speed, ambiguity, spread and dispersion by the usage of
armed speedboats, extensive mining and missile attacks from
submarines and sites situated in the Persian Gulf shores and
islands beside the combined and simultaneous air attack are
considered key factors. Given to these issues, the article aims
to evaluate principles of Iran’s naval defense pattern.
[Mahmoud Moghaddass. Principles of Iranian Naval Defense
Pattern. Report and
Opinion 2011;3(8):16-21]. (ISSN: 1553-9873).
asymmetric defense, martyrdom, naval force, passive defense,
Relationship between Iran and
Europe Union on Context of Energy
Academy of Sciences of Armenia,
department of sociology and law
This article is to explain the relationship between Iran and
Europe union on context of energy in after Islamic revolution in
Iran (1979). In the article, we tend to explain the changes that
caused by the different presidents in relationship of Iran with
Europe since Islamic revolution. The article is written in three
main parts. In the first part, we are explained to issues like
over Overview of Iran, Factor of U.S.A – Islamic Republic of
Iran – oil, common interests and differences between Iran and
Europe countries. In second part, we will explain the
pragmatism viewpoint and policy of Hashemi Rafsanjani rather the
Europe union. His foreign
policy was based on restructuring and renovation of the oil
industry and attracting investment, taking loans from the
foreign countries and establishing the relations with Europe
union. The important
contracts have been established with Europe in context of oil
and gas in different field of energy. In third part, we will
investigate the presidency of Khatami which called the reformist
government after the revolution of Iran, this period was one of
the most significant for Iran because Iranian opened the door
and relation with world especially with European countries, and
this period was short time in foreign policy of Iran. There were
so many differences between Iran and Europe which going to
resolves by Khatami.
[Davod Kiany. Relationship
between Iran and Europe Union on Context of Energy.
Report and Opinion
foreign policy, energy, foreign relation.
Securities of online transaction in E-governance
Mini Agarwal1 and Rajeev Kumar2
1Assistant Professor in Computer Science Department, College of
2Assistant Professor in College of management and computer
application, Teerthankar Mahaveer University, Moradabad (U.P.).
Today all persons are using online transaction. Online
transaction helps the persons to transit the data from one place
to other place. Online transaction is a safe transaction.
Through online account we use the service of online transaction.
Online transaction reduces the paper work. E-governance allows
the person to facilitate the service of online transaction. Now
day’s online transaction is widely used in e-governance for
submitting the bill or buying and selling the things. In this
paper we discuss about the account securities when we paid the
e-governance for bill or buying and selling the things then how
our account is safe or how we say that this transaction is a
best or safe transaction medium between the e-governance and
citizens. In this paper we discuss the some securities like
history deletion, self account logout; no one can change the
amount without the permission of administrator, self receipt
generation , message generation when login and logout the
account. Give the transaction report through the email, message
Agarwal, Rajeev Kumar. Securities of online transaction in
E-governance. Report and Opinion 2011;3(8):31-34]. (ISSN:
transaction, message, receipt, buying, selling, bill.
Capacity Utilization of University of Maiduguri Teaching
Babale Garba Nafada[i],
Hyelcinta C.J1, Abdulrahman Tahir1, Bashir
Tahir1, Muhammad Talle2, Obi S.O1
University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri-Nigeria
WHO National Polio Laboratory,
utilization of available resources is vital to the development
of any country especially those that are striving to meet the
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This study was carried out
to determine the level of the community’s patronage and
utilization of a Nigeria’s tertiary health institution with
particular reference to University of Maiduguri Teaching
Hospital, Borno state . Ten years (2000 and 2009) data were
collected retrospectively from medical records departments of
the hospital. Medical clinic had the highest outpatients
attendance of 35568 , followed by GOPD clinic with 21406 and
Obstetrics and Gynecology (O/G) with 21,301 compared to
pediatrics clinic with 17,190 and Surgical clinic with 4205.
The medical clinic had the highest average daily clinic
attendance of 185 patients, followed by O/G with 151. The least
was pediatrics clinic with 32 patients. Within the period under
study, highest admission steadily increased from 2000, peaked in
2003 and drops gradually from 2004-2006. There was a sharp drop
in the number of admissions in 2007 (from 11988 to 1169) there
after it increased in 2008 and 2009.However, the number of
deaths steadily increased from 2000 (438) to 2004 () and peaked
in 2007 (1087) before it declined in 2009 (775). 75% of the
hospital beds were occupied in 2009 with the average length of
stay of 17 days. The turnover interval (number of replacement
per bed) was highest (13 days) in 2000 and 2007 but lowest in
2003 (3days). The throughput (number of patient that pass
through the bed) was highest in 2003 (29 days) but lowest in
UMTH appears to be over utilized by the community. Proper
utilization of both the primary and secondary health care
delivery Institutions in Borno State will reduce the pressure on
the tertiary facility. In UMTH there is need for improvement for adequate patronage of the medical, O&G and paediatric
Hyelcinta C.J, Abdulrahman Tahir, Bashir Tahir, Muhammad Talle,
Utilization of University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital,
Report and Opinion 2011;3(8):35-38].
Key words; University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Capacity utilization,
patients, services, clinics.
Serum-Ascites Albumin Gradient and Esophageal Varices in
Patients with Portal Hypertension
Dalia Ghoraba1; Sara Abdelhakam1 and Wesam
Medicine Department, 2Internal Medicine Department,
Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
Sara Abdelhakam, MD, lecturer of Tropical Medicine,
Department of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams
University, Cairo, Egypt.
Portal hypertension is responsible for complications of
cirrhosis such as bleeding esophageal varices (EV) and ascites.
The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between
serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) and presence of EV and
their grades in patients with portal hypertension.
Thirty three chronic liver disease patients with ascites were
studied. They were subjected to clinico-laboratory assessment,
ascitic fluid analysis, calculation of SAAG, abdominal
ultrasonography and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.
Results: The results showed that a cutoff ">1.4" for SAAG to predict the
presence of varices with a specificity and a positive predictive
value of 100%, the accuracy of this cutoff was 56.1%. However,
it had a low sensitivity and a low negative predictive value.
A cutoff ">1.2" for SAAG to discriminate between large and
small varices yielded a specificity of 69.2% and a positive
predictive value of 66.7%, the accuracy of this cutoff was 60%.
However, it had a relatively low sensitivity and low negative
predictive value. Conclusions:
A cutoff ">1.4" for SAAG to predict the presence of
varices yielded a specificity and a positive predictive value of
100%, the accuracy of this cutoff was 56.1%.
[Enas Allam; Dalia
Ghoraba; Sara Abdelhakam and Wesam A. Ibrahim.
Correlation between Serum-Ascites Albumin Gradient and
Esophageal Varices in Patients with Portal Hypertension.
Report and Opinion 2011;3(8):39-49].
The manuscripts in this issue
were presented as online first for peer-review, starting from
July 20, 2011.
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